Extractions: FRIEDRICH EBERT STIFTUNG ñ ANGOLA EXPERIENCE ON REGIONAL NETWORKING OF SMES ñ THE CASE OF SEPAC BY JOHN D. CHIDZOMBA ñ CHAIRMAN OF SMALLL ENTERPRISE PROMOTION ADVISORY COUNCIL [SEPAC] AUGUST 7-10, 2002 ñ LUANDA ANGOLA Thank you Mr. Chairman, Government officials of the Republic of Angola, FES representative, President FACE, distinguished participants from the region, ladies and gentleman; I bring you greetings from the SMEs from Zimbabwe. Theyíre all alive, well and thriving under a challenging social, political and economic environment. I would like to thank Friedrich Ebert Foundation for organising what I consider to be an important seminar in the history and life of SMEs in Angola. I am delighted to have this opportunity as Chairman of SEPAC to present the experience of SEPAC to distinguished participants here in Angola and those from the SADC region at this important seminar on promotion of SMEs in Angola. We have been missing Angola from all the SEPAC activities. Last year in November we organised a regional conference in Harare, which looked at the implications of the ACP/EU Cotonou Agreement on SMEs. I tried in vain through the Embassy of Angola in Zimbabwe to get three participants from Angola to attend this conference. Eventually an embassy official attended on your behalf. I hope today I will be able to get names of official representatives of SMEs in Angola to who are interested in joining the SEPAC family and serve in the working groups. I was asked rather at short notice to talk about our experience on regional networking of SMEs ñ the case of SEPAC.
Extractions: Capoeira Capoeira: A Quest For Freedom Capoeira has a very long history and it would be very hard for me to try and compress that history and properly tell Capoeira's story in one page. What Capoeira actually is, is also very hard to put on paper. To really get an idea for it you have to see it. When you do you'll see people dancing pair by pair in a circle of people who are clapping their hands and singing in Portuguese. There will be people playing strange, primitive African instruments, tambourines, drums, shakers, and bells. But then the dancers looks as though they are fighting, launching kicks at each other, avoiding them with impressive acrobatics. Then some dances are slow and hug the ground, the people contorting their bodies. Some people are blessing themselves as they enter the circle, making the sign of the cross. It's all a very amazing synthesis of culture, music, singing, dance and fight. It can't possibly be explained on a page, let alone a book. Thankfully, through movies and video games, a lot more people have some idea of what Capoeira is but if you don't it is encouraged that you have a look at the classes taught in Perth or catch one of the public demonstrations that happen fairly regularly around our city.
Foreign Governments/Africa angola angolan culture, business, news; relief efforts to social conditions withsome regional and country Multidisciplinary with links to history resources as http://www.lib.umich.edu/govdocs/forafr.html
Extractions: University of Virginia South Asianists had earlier achieved a considerable degree of organization in the region, largely through the outreach activities of the National Defense Education Act Title VI center at the University of Virginia, led by historian Professor Walter Hauser. There was also a Southern Atlantic States Association for Asian and African Studies (SASAAAS), oriented more toward teaching and public outreach than the SSRC Seminar program, but nonetheless illustrative of the possibilities of a regional organization in the enthusiastic participation it enjoyed. There was also interest in forming a less structured Southern Association of Africanists in the region, led by Ann Dunbar and others in central North Carolina, and focused on teaching outreach. Ann Dunbar organized the last meeting of the Seminar's first year at the University of North Carolina on April 20, 1974, focused on discussion of Rodney's How Europe Underdeveloped Africa, with copies provided to all members. Akpan (South Carolina State College) and Nyang presented papers, with comments by Sagay and Thornton. (See report to SSRC, Appendix IId.) Expenses totaled $308.99. On the strength of the benefits that all participants felt they had gained from the Seminar's first year, and indications of continued sponsorship from several institutions in the region, the group resolved to apply for an extension of the Seminar's SSRC funding. All the papers from the year were filed with the Library of Congress through the chief its Exchange and Grant Division (Nathan R. Einhorn).
Extractions: Angola In 1482, when the Portuguese first landed in what is now northern Angola, they encountered the Kingdom of the Congo, which stretched from modern Gabon in the north to the Kwanza River in the south. Mbanza Congo, the capital, had a population of 50,000 people. South of this were various important states, of which the Kingdom of Ndongo, ruled by the Ngola (King), was most significant. Modern Angola derives its name from the king of Ndongo. The Portuguese gradually took control of the coastal strip throughout the 16th century by a series of treaties and wars. The Dutch occupied Luanda from 1641-48, providing a boost for anti-Portuguese states. In 1648, Brazilian-based Portuguese forces re-took Luanda and initiated a process of military conquest of the Congo and Ndongo states that ended with Portuguese victory in 1671. Full Portuguese administrative control of the interior did not occur until the beginning of the 20th century. Portugal's primary interest in Angola quickly turned to slavery. The slaving system began early in the 16th century with the purchase from African chiefs of people to work on sugar plantations in Sao Tome, Principe, and Brazil. Many scholars agree that by the 19th century, Angola was the largest source of slaves not only for Brazil, but for the Americas, including the United States. By the end of the 19th century, a massive forced labor system had replaced formal slavery and would continue until outlawed in 1961. It was this forced labor that provided the basis for development of a plantation economy and, by the mid-20th century, a major mining sector. Forced labor combined with British financing to construct three railroads from the coast to the interior, the most important of which was the transcontinental Benguela railroad that linked the port of Lobito with the copper zones of the Belgian Congo and what is now Zambia.
Capoeira History the addition of Mestre Bimba's newer, faster style, Capoeira regional and variousattempts to blend regional with its ancestor Capoeira angola, Capoeira has http://www.ithaca.edu/capoeira/pages/history.html
Extractions: Capoeira is a 400-year-old martial art that blends music, dance, singing, and acrobatics to create a holistic approach to teaching self-defense. Originating in Africa, Capoeira was brought to Brazil by captured slaves from Angola. In this foreign land the Angolan people developed their practice into a method of defending themselves against their violent overlords. Because of their predicament, these enslaved people had to disguise their training as recreational song and dance. The slaves from Angola, like slaves brought to the United States, blended their familiar call-and-response song forms with the regional dialect to create songs that glorified their homeland, deities, and future freedom. These songs were accompanied by a number of percussion instruments like the tambourine ( pandeiro ), bells ( agogo ), and, most importantly, the one-stringed instrument brought from Africa, the berimbau The ginga , roughly translated as swing , was created as the basic movement of Capoeira, so that two people practicing Capoeira appeared to be dancing together rather than fighting. The ginga is set to the rhythm of the berimbau and other instruments (bateria) to enhance the notion of dance and also to teach timing, a critical element in Capoeira.
About Capoeira It is used most by those that practice CAPOEIRA regional, This rhythm The ladainhacan describe history. done while playing SAO BENTO PEQUENO and angola rhythms http://www.capoeiraartsny.com/aboutcapoeira.htm
Extractions: find out more about it. A Brief History Capoeira is an Afro-Brazilian martial art that combines dance, self-defense, acrobatics and music It was born out of the struggle for freedom in colonial Brazil. The African slaves who were brought originally to the Brazilian State of Bahia developed this cleverly disguised self-defense. To hide their despair and intention of rebellion from their masters, they combined playful and graceful dance and acrobatic movements with moves of attacks and defense using only the legs. While training they would avoid unnecessary harm by having very little contact. They added clapping of the hands; signing and the playing of instruments making it look like just a dance. For the masters it was a form of entertainment, but for the slaves it was a fight for liberation. After the abolition of slavery in 1888, the government banned Capoeira. As a result, if one were caught practicing the art, the punishment would be imprisonment or deportation. In addition, other manifestations of the Afro-Brazilian identity: samba, afoxe, candomble, etc. were banned as well. After some time however, Capoeira became more accepted by the government who started to allow the art to be taught in academics. It became increasingly popular in Brazil making Capoeira the second most popular sport following soccer. Capoeira is now taught in thousands of academies and is part of the physical education programs in schools and universities. Beyond the U.S., where it has been for over 20 years, it has made its way to Europe and other part of the world. This added to the increased popularity
Grupo Capoeira Evolução: Our History of the most important figures in capoeira history. received training in traditionalcapoeira angola from Betinho technique which he named Luta regional da Bahia http://www.capoeira.net/grupo.html
Extractions: Grupo Grupo Capoeira Evolução Capoeira Evolução celebrates the innovations that modern capoeiristas have brought to our art while being committed to continuing the traditions that are integral to the practice of Capoeira. At this time, Capoeira Evolução consists of some twenty persons of all ages, backgrounds, and ability levels, all comitted to ensuring a living expression of capoeira in Austin and central Texas. Lineage of Senhor do Bonfim Betinho Bimba Bimba is one of the most important figures in capoeira history. He received training in traditional capoeira angola from Betinho and also studied the African martial art batuque with his father. This latter form included grappling and throwing moves. In the 1930's, Bimba sought to create a more dynamic and effective technique which he named Luta Regional da Bahia, usually referred to simply as Regional. Mestre Bimba also adapted a systematic system for teaching capoeira in an academy setting which has since become the norm in both angola and regional styles. His work served to preserve and popularize the art throughout Brazil and the world and helped to save it from extinction. Mestre Bimba died during an exhibition. Reinaldo Ramos Suassuna Suassuna Suassuna had the honor of studying capoeira directly under the tuteledge of Mestre Bimba. After achieving the rank of mestre, he left Salvador for the city of Sao Paulo in the south of Brazil. There he formed his influentional group, Corado de Ouro. Suassuna is one of the most famous of contemporary capoeira mestres. He has travelled extensively throught Brazil, the United States and Europe, giving exhibitions and workshops. Mestre Suassuna continues to make his home and lead his group in Sao Paulo.
Regional Activities - Africa Equatorial Guinea and Zimbabwe (1980), angola (1982), Gambia It is the first timein the history of Interpol as organisation that regional focus was http://www.interpol.int/Public/Region/Africa/Default.asp
Extractions: HISTORY OF MEMBERSHIP The continent's position as a crossroads between the Americas, Europe and Asia also lays it open to transnational crimes such as traffic in weapons, illicit drug trafficking, illegal immigration, traffic in stolen motor vehicles and fraud, etc., which can only be stopped by international co-operation. Seeking and locating the criminals involved poses problems relating to information exchange, international identification and arrests with a view to extradition. This is why Interpol (in accordance with Article 2 (1) of its Constitution) ensures the closest possible co-operation between the "criminal police authorities" of all member countries, including those in Africa. Crime is not associated with a particular region and is certainly not a problem for Africa alone. Ever since it was established, the International Criminal Police Organization - Interpol has been seen by countries all over the world as an institution whose principles and objectives correspond to universal aspirations for human rights, public safety and the fight against ordinary law crime. Joining Interpol was therefore one of the first steps taken by various African leaders once their countries obtained independence.
Extractions: Introduction Nigeria Key Statistics General Economic Energy Political Overview Ethnicity Border Disputes and Regional Politics Economic Overview Oil Industry Corruption History of the Oil Industry Governance of the Oil Industry NNPC Key State Contacts Oil Industry Exploration and Development Activity - Onshore Exploration and Development Activity Offshore Fiscal terms Marketing and Distribution of Petroleum Products Overview of the Nigerian Natural Gas Industry Natural Gas Policy (NGP) and Associated Gas Utilisation Fiscal Incentives (AGUFI) Development of Natural Gas History of Natural Gas in Nigeria Existing Gas Supply Facilities Gas Projects Escravos Gas Project LNG Key Foreign Investor Contacts
Angola Engl. on wider regional and supraregional histories, notably history in general and angolanhistory in particular. of relevance to other regions beyond angola itself http://220.127.116.11/activi/workshops/angola engl.htm
Capoeira History & Philosophy! look at the two main styles of Capoeira practice (regional and angola); an historical Thereare however, several studies and articles on the history of the http://www.capoeiranyc.com/study.html
Extractions: The first group of African slaves arrived in Brasil in 1537. These slaves were brought from Africa by the Portuguese explorers to work on the Brazilian's sugar cane plantations developed the art in the work free hours left to them, thus training both mind and body for combat situations. As the slave-masters forbade any kind of martial art, it was cloaked in the guise of an innocent-looking recreational dance. In the 16th century, escaped-slaves founded a number of "Quilombos" , in which the art of Capoeira was further perfected. Many escaped-slaves, before they could reach the Quilombos, were captured by the "Capitão-do-mato" that ironically were sometimes African decedents or mulatos themselves. The "Capitão-do-mato" were hired by the Portuguese slavers and usually worked on their own. The inhabitants of Palmares, the largest of the Quilombos, lasted 65 years. The "Quilombo dos Palmares" was located in what is today's state of Alagoas, northeast Brazil. Its population was composed not only of escaped African slaves but also of native Brazilian Indians and other mixed races(Mestiços). It had an organized government system similar to an African Kingdom with a King and his Assembly. The best warriors on battles were chosen King; "Zumbi" was the most known King of all. The "Quilombo dos Palmares" fought for many years and was finally destroyed in 1694 by Domingos Jorge Velho and his troops. "Zumbi" managed to escape and many believed that he was immortal. Wanted by the authorities, he was captured on November 20th, 1695. He was killed and beheaded on the spot. His head was brought to a public Plaza at the "vila do Recife". "Zumbi" was considered a national hero and warrior, a symbol of liberty ; his name became a Capoeira legend. Capoeira was used not only in direct combat, it also inspired the battle strategy itself; feigning retreat, thus luring the over-confident enemy into remote territories only to strike back at an unsuspecting place and time. During the
ISBN 3-89645-356-4 Party loyalties are determined by ethnic, geographic and regional affiliationsand are overview of the recent political and economic history of angola. http://www.koeppe.de/katalogE/3-89645-356-4.html
Extractions: The present study on the history of the Angolan war of independence since 1961 focuses primarily on three factors that have contributed to the persistence of the conflict, despite international pressure for peace: ethnicity, nationalism and internationalization. Contrary to the usual characterization of the conflict as an international war by proxy drawn from the cold war period, the author stresses the role of the involved countries since the demise of this era. The continuing international involvement in this conflict is readily apparent by the important position occupied by the arms suppliers and mining companies of the interested countries. The discussion of possible factors for the ethnification of Angolan society arrives at the conclusion that the Angolan example represents a case of politicized ethnicity. Party loyalties are determined by ethnic, geographic and regional affiliations and are instrumentalized by the political leadership in their struggle to obtain access to the natural resources. Ethnicity in this context becomes abused as the vehicle to mobilize the different ethnic groups which hitherto have been denied participation in the use of the resources of the land.
History Of Unicef In São Tomé E Principe office. At the same time, UNICEF angola became part of the East andSouthern Africa Region with its regional office in Nairobi. With http://www.unicef.org/saotome/archive.htm
Extractions: Archives The Country The islands are part of a group of islands of volcanic origin, which includes Equatorial Guinea. The soil is fertile and vegetation is rich. The south and west benefit from abundant rainfall. Although there are numerous micro-climates, the general climate conditions consist of a rainy season, from September through May, and a shorter, drier and cooler season from June through August. The main cash crops have traditionally been cocoa and coffee, but production has gone down steadily over the years. The population is made up of Angolares, descendants of Angolan slaves shipwrecked off the coast of Sao Tome in the 1500s, now mainly fishermen; Forros , or Filhos da Terra , contract laborers mainly from Portugals other colonies, Angola, Cape Verde and Mozambique); and Tongas, descendants of the UNICEF UNDP UNFPA and WFP in common premises, the United Nations House UNICEF assistance: three distinctive periods: Year Name Title Nationality To be appointed Assistant Representative Boudewijn Mohr Assistant Representative The Netherlands Akhil Iyer Resident Project Officer Canada Roberto de Bernardi Resident Project Officer Italy Per Tamm Resident Project Officer Denmark No representation n.a.
The Portuguese Language history. Under regional influences, it absorbed words like jangada (raft), of Malayorigin and is the official language of seven countries angola (10.3 million http://www.linguaportuguesa.ufrn.br/english.html
Extractions: United States The Portuguese language, which evolved from spoken Latin, developed on the west coast of the Iberian Peninsula (now Portugal and the Spanish province of Galicia) included in the province the Romans called Lusitania. When the Romans invaded the peninsula in 218 B.C., the people living in the region adopted Latin, the Roman's language. From then until the ninth century, all spoke Romance, a language representing an intermediate stage between vulgar or common Latin and modern Latin languages, which include Portuguese, Castilian, French and Galician. From 409 AD to 711, the Portuguese vocabulary adopted many new words used by invading Germanic tribes. Among these were roubar (to steal), guerrear (to wage war), and branco (white). The effects of the Germanic migrations on the spoken language was not uniform and broke the linguistic uniformity of the peninsula. Over a period of time, this rupture led to a differentiation of the regional languages. Beginning in 711, when the Moors conquered the Iberian Peninsula, Arabic became the official language, although the vast majority of the population continued to speak Romance. Arabic words that entered the Portuguese language during the Moor occupation included
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UNEP - IETC Homepage A 5 years history, services and communications for example, Afghanistan, angola,Sierra Leone Municipal Solid Waste Management in 1996; regional Sourcebooks on http://www.unep.or.jp/ietc/5year_History/perform.asp
Extractions: We have maintained our image as an international centre. Our information and capacity building services are serving the world and reaching out to all our beneficiary countries and clients. IETC publications are distributed globally; and the information system and management tool, maESTro, is a global, comprehensive information directory of ESTs, that is appreciated for its objectivity and neutrality; and our partners, collaborators and supporters are governments, public and private institutions, organizations and agencies from all over the world. IETC reports that as of 1999 IETC, since 1994, has undertaken activities that have reached almost 98 per cent of the total number of developing countries and countries with economies in transition. The only countries where our information materials and services have not reached are those that are unreachable because of war, conflicts and other hazards that bar normal postal services and communications: for example, Afghanistan, Angola, Sierra Leone and a few others. IETC's global research projects have produced a series of publications, i.e., an International Sourcebooks on Environmentally Sound Technologies for Municipal Solid Waste Management in 1996; Regional Sourcebooks on Alternative Technologies for Freshwater Augmentation in 1995-1997, which covered in separate volumes the regions of Africa, Asia, Central and Eastern Europe, and Latin America and the Caribbean; and a book on the Planning and Management of Lakes and Reservoirs in 1999.