Extractions: Research is constantly providing new and innovative therapies for the treatment of allergic and immunologic diseases. Many of these newer approaches utilize pharmacologic agents developed through application of these contemporary therapeutic modalities requires a detailed understanding of allergic and immunologic disorders and the consequences of these therapies. The proper application of existing and newer approaches for the treatment of allergic and immunologic diseases thus demands an in-depth understanding of the basic principles of immunology. In the past 10 years, we have witnessed an enormous increase in the sophistication of our understanding of such disorders, which requires ongoing medical education. Appropriate application of this knowledge and the newer pharmacologic agents to the treatment of patients with immunologic diseases is best provided by specialist in allergy and immunology, who are able to maintain the expertise required. The allergist/immunologist has the knowledge and skills to provide the most cost-effective management of complex immunologic disorders. For example, a number of studies now document that the board-certified specialist in allergy and immunology, when charged with the care of patients with moderate to severe asthma, is able to increase the quality of life for such patients while decreasing the cost for the management of the disease.
Breast Implants It may be done under local or general anesthesia, depending possible links betweenthese implants and autoimmune or connective tissue diseases is continuing http://www.hendrickhealth.org/healthy/000235.htm
Extractions: Resources Breast implantation is a surgical procedure for enlarging the breast. Breast-shaped sacks made of a silicone outer shell and filled with silicone gel or saline (salt water), called implants, are used. Breast implantation is usually performed to make normal breasts larger for cosmetic purposes. Sometimes a woman having a breast reconstruction after a mastectomy will need the opposite breast enlarged to make the breasts more symmetric. Breasts that are very unequal in size due to trauma or congenital deformity may also be corrected with an enlargement procedure. A woman in poor health or with a severe chronic disease is not a good candidate for this procedure. A cosmetic breast enlargement is usually an outpatient procedure. It may be done under local or general anesthesia, depending on patient and physician preference. The incision is made through the armpit, under the breast, or around the areola (the darkened area around the nipple). These techniques create the most inconspicuous scars. The implant is placed between the breast tissue and underlying chest muscle, or under the chest muscle. The operation takes approximately one to two hours. The cost of a cosmetic procedure is rarely covered by insurance. However, if enlargement is part of breast reconstruction after a mastectomy, health plans may pay for some or all of it. The surgeon's fee ranges from $2,700-$4,200 and up. The procedure may also be called breast augmentation or augmentation mammaplasty.
Extractions: Home Health Information A B ... P Q R S T U ... Y Z A Abdominal Pain see Pain Abnormalities see Birth Defects ABO Blood Groups see Blood/Blood Transfusion About Your Medicines Accidents Achondroplasia see Dwarfism Acid Reflux see Gastroesophageal Reflux/Hiatal Hernia Acne Acoustic Neuroma Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome see AIDS Acupuncture see Alternative Medicine ADD see Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity Addison's Disease ADHD see Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity Adrenal Gland Disorders Adult Immunization see Immunization/Vaccination African American Health Aging see Seniors' Health (General) AIDS AIDS and Infections AIDS and Pregnancy ... Air Pollution Alcohol Abuse in Pregnancy see Pregnancy and Substance Abuse Alcohol and Youth Alcohol Consumption Alcoholism ... Allergy Alopecia see Hair Diseases and Hair Loss ALS see Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Alternative Medicine Alzheimer's Caregivers Alzheimer's Disease Amenorrhea see Menstruation and Premenstrual Syndrome Amputees Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Anabolic Steroids Anal Warts see Sexually Transmitted Diseases Anal/Rectal Diseases Anaphylaxis see Allergy Anemia Anencephaly see Neural Tube Defects Anesthesia Aneurysms Angina Angioplasty see Heart Bypass Surgery/Angioplasty Ankle Injuries and Disorders Ankylosing Spondylitis Anorexia see Eating Disorders Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury see Knee Injuries and Disorders Anthrax Antibiotics Antimicrobial Resistance see Antibiotics Antioxidants Anxiety Aortic Stenosis see Heart Valve Diseases Aphasia Aplastic Anemia see
MEDLINEplus: All Health Topics Neuroma; Autism; autoimmune diseases (general); Automobile Safety see Conjunctivitissee Eye diseases (general); connective tissue Disorders; Constipation; Contact http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/all_healthtopics.html
References Medscape general Medicine 3(4 Incidence of autoimmune disease in patients afterbreast Risk of connectivetissue diseases and other disorders after breast http://www.medscape.com/content/2001/00/40/81/408187/408187_ref.html
Extractions: References for: Are Breast Implants Safe? ASAPS 2000 Statistics on Cosmetic Surgery. American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (ASAPS), Inc.; 2001. Available at: http://www.surgery.org . Accessed October 18, 2001. 1999 Reconstructive Procedures: American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS); 1999. Available at: www.plasticsurgery.org . Accessed October 18, 2001. Janowsky EC, Kupper LL, Hulka BS. Meta-analyses of the relation between silicone breast implants and the risk of connective-tissue diseases. N Engl J Med. 2000;342:781-790. Bondurant S, Ernster V, Herdman R, eds. Safety of Silicone Breast Implants. Washington, DC: Institute of Medicine; 1999. Sims S, Lundberg GD. Maybe now is the time to lift the ban on silicone breast implants. MedGenMed. 2001;3. Available at: http://www.medscape.com/Medscape/GeneralMedicine/journal/2001/v03.n02/mgm0402.sims/mgm0402.sims-01.html. Accessed October 18, 2001. Staff Report, The FDA's Regulation of Silicone Breast Implants: Human Resources and Intergovernmental Relations Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, US House of Representatives; 1992. Flanders L. Is it real... Or is it Astroturf? PR firm finds "grassroots" support for breast implants. Extra Magazine. July/August 1996. Available at:
The Rheumatologist As Principal Care Physician of arthritis, diffuse connective tissue diseases, autoimmune and immunologic are pureconsultants in autoimmune disease or Chronic diseases are also costly in http://www.lupusmn.org/Articles/General/Lupus/Rheumatologist as Principal Care P
Extractions: Minnesota Lupus News, October - November 1998 In 1997, the American College of Rheumatology Board of Directors commissioned a task force to review the role of the rheumatologist and to determine how rheumatologists can provide the best consultative specialty care while meeting many of the other medical needs of the patients they see on a continuing basis. The result is a statement, which follows here, endorsing the concept of the rheumatologist as a principal care provider Ronald L. Kaufman, MD, MBA President, American College of Rheumatology The role of rheumatologists is primarily to diagnose and treat individuals with arthritis and musculoskeletal diseases. These include the many forms of arthritis, diffuse connective tissue diseases, autoimmune and immunologic disorders, metabolic bone diseases and diffuse or localized musculoskeletal pain problems. These diseases often involve multiple organ systems and complex difficult differential diagnoses, complicated treatments and specific requirements for monitoring therapy.
Health - Lupus autoimmune Disease and Diet. Skin connective tissue diseases. Computers InternetConversion Factors Crime Energy, general Energy, Nuclear Entertainment http://www.cswnet.com/~mgoad/html/health_-_lupus.htm
Lancaster General - Raynaud's Phenomenon There are certain diseases or lifestyle choices that following existing connectivetissue or autoimmune disease; disorder, usually a connective tissue disorder http://www.lha.org/content/greystone_4206.asp
Capstone Clinic Digital Library contents Chapter 50 Diffuse connective tissue Disease Table Chapter 26 diseasesof the Airways Pulmonary Conditions Inflammatory, autoimmune, and diseases http://hsmedcenterbirmingham-dl.slis.ua.edu/clinical/rheumatology/autoimmune/vas
Extractions: Clinical Resources by Topic: Cardiovascular Disorders Wegener's Granulomatosis Clinical Resources Pediatrics Geriatrics Atlases Radiology ... Miscellaneous Resources See also: Principles of Treatment: Access document Chapter 275: Glomerulopathies Associated with Multisystem Diseases: Table of contents Chapter 259: Interstitial Lung Diseases: Table of contents Initial Evaluation: Access document Introduction: Access document History: Access document Respiratory Symptoms and Signs:
Understanding Autoimmune Disease May 1998 NIH Publication No. 984273 Understanding autoimmune diseases This booklet contains information about autoimmune diseases. You will not find everything there is to know about autoimmune diseases here, however. autoimmune diseases because autoimmune diseases are and detailed resources at your general U.S. population. Thus, the social, economic, and health impact from autoimmune diseases http://www.niaid.nih.gov/publications/autoimmune/autoimmune.htm
Extractions: Preface What Are Autoimmune Diseases? Who Is Affected by Autoimmune Diseases? What Are the Causes of Autoimmune Diseases? ... Glossary May 1998 NIH Publication No. 98-4273 Understanding Autoimmune Diseases Preface This booklet contains information about autoimmune diseases . You will not find everything there is to know about autoimmune diseases here, however. In fact, the information presented here may prompt you to think of more questions about autoimmune diseases because autoimmune diseases are complex. You will find more in-depth and detailed resources at your local library or through your health care provider. The Internet is a valuable source of information as well. Start by doing a search on the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Web site at http://www.nih.gov for information on the broad range of research conducted by NIH, including autoimmune diseases. What Are Autoimmune Diseases?
The Health Library Skin & Connective Tissue Mixed connective tissue DiseaseMedicineNet. Mixed connective tissue DiseaseAmericanAutoimmune Related diseases Association. http://healthlibrary.stanford.edu/resources/internet/bodysystems/dermatology4.ht
Extractions: Acne Aging Skin Anatomy Blistering Diseases ... Sweat Gland Diseases Skin and Connective Tissue Diseases: Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Connective Tissue Diseases Connective Tissue Disorders:MEDLINEplus Questions and Answers about Heritable Disorders of Connective Tissue:NIAMS See Musculoskeletal System, Muscle Diseases Ehlers-Dahlos Syndrome See Genetics and Birth Defects, Connective Tissue Disorders Epidermolysis Bullosa See Genetics and Birth Defects, Connective Tissue Disorders Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic (Lupus) and Discoid Lupus:MEDLINEplus Systemic Lupus Erythematosus:NIAMS What is Lupus?:Lupus Foundation of America Neurological Sequelae of Lupus:NINDS ... Discoid Lupus:American Autoimmune Related Diseases Association Marfan Syndrome Marfan Syndrome:MEDLINEplus Questions and Answers About Marfan Syndrome:NIAMS Marfan Syndrome:March of Dimes Marfan Syndrome Resource Manual:National Marfan Foundation ... Marfan Syndrome :GeneReviews Mixed Connective Tissue Disease Mixed Connective Tissue Disease:MedicineNet Mixed Connective Tissue Disease:American Autoimmune Related Diseases Association Mixed Connective Tissue Disease vs. Undifferentiated Connective Tissue Disease:MedicineNet
Subjects Library gen info Links to general information and Sachs, Gaucher, Fabry's, and other diseaseson this SLE) A chronic inflammatory autoimmune connective tissue disease. http://rarediseases.about.com/mlibrary.htm
Resource List Sjogren's syndrome, undifferentiated connective tissue disease, Wegener's for rheumaticdiseases and related Rheumatic/autoimmune Disease Sites Finding a http://www.silcom.com/~sblc/resources.html
Extractions: to go to any of these sections! and it's a big page...so we recommend that you scroll all the way down before you tell us you can't find something...! Many thanks. Examples: lupus, anklyosing spondylitis, avascular necrosis, Behcet's syndrome, Churg-Strauss syndrome, Crohn's disease, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, fibromyalgia, gout, irritable bowel syndrome, Lyme disease, Marfan's syndrome, mixed connective tissue disease, necrotizing fasciitis, palindromic rheumatism, reflex sympathetic dystrophy syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, Sjogren's syndrome, undifferentiated connective tissue disease, Wegener's granulomatosis...many more.
Health Library - Mixed Connective Tissue Disease (MCTD) The exact cause of mixed connective tissue disease is unknown http//www.sclerodermafoundation.orgAmerican autoimmune Related diseases Association, Inc http://hvelink.saint-lukes.org/library/healthguide/IllnessConditions/topic.asp?h
EMedguides.com EMedguides.com Supersites. general resources. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletaland Skin diseases (NIAMS). Anetoderma. autoimmune Skin diseases, general. http://www.emedguides.com/topics.jsp?guide_id=7
Silicone Breast Implants of Silicone Breast Implants states there is no evidence that silicone breast implantscontribute to an increase in autoimmune (connective tissue) diseases. http://www.lookingyourbest.com/info/breastimplant-stissue.php
Extractions: Connective Tissue Disorder Silicone Breast Implants and Connective Tissue Disorders Connective tissue disorders (CTDs) are described as a group of generalized disorders affecting the connective tissues (i.e., fat, bone, and mucous). It has been theorized that silicone breast implants may increase the risk of developing a CTD. As the following clinical studies indicate, actual statistical information has provided no significant evidence that silicone breast implants greatly increase the risk of developing CTDs. A 1993 University of Texas, Houston study published in the Annals of Plastic Surgery investigated 603 women undergoing reconstructive breast surgery between 1986 and 1992. In this study 250 women had breast reconstruction with silicone gel-filled breast implants and 353 women had breast reconstruction utilizing their own tissue. Results of this preliminary report found that "the incidence of autoimmune diseases in mastectomy patients receiving silicone gel implants is not different than in patients who had reconstruction with autogenous [patient's own] tissue." A 1994 Mayo Clinic study published in the New England Journal of Medicine compared 749 women who had breast implant surgery between 1964 and 1991, with 1,498 women who did not have breast implant surgery. Study results showed "no association between breast implants and the connective tissue diseases and other disorders that were studied."