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21. Columbus's Outpost among the Taínos:
22. Museo Arqueológico Regional,
23. Torn Between Empires: Economy,
24. Archaeology at La Isabela: Spain:America's
25. The Abolitions of Slavery: From
26. Conflicting Missions: Havana,

21. Columbus's Outpost among the Taínos: Spain and America at La Isabela, 1493-1498
by Ms. Kathleen Deagan, Jose Maria Cruxent
Hardcover: 320 Pages (2002-05-01)
list price: US$50.00 -- used & new: US$18.97
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Asin: 0300090404
Average Customer Review: 5.0 out of 5 stars
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Editorial Review

Product Description
In 1493 Christopher Columbus led a fleet of seventeen ships and more than twelve hundred men to found a royal trading colony in America. Columbus had high hopes for his settlement, which he named La Isabela after the queen of Spain, but just five years later it was in ruins. It remains important, however, as the first site of European settlement in America and the first place of sustained interaction between Europeans and the indigenous Taínos.Kathleen Deagan and José María Cruxent now tell the story of this historic enterprise. Drawing on their ten-year archaeological investigation of the site of La Isabela, along with research into Columbus-era documents, they contrast Spanish expectations of America with the actual events and living conditions at America's first European town. Deagan and Cruxent argue that La Isabela failed not because Columbus was a poor planner but because his vision of America was grounded in European experience and could not be sustained in the face of the realities of American life. Explaining that the original Spanish economic and social frameworks for colonization had to be altered in America in response to the American landscape and the non-elite Spanish and Taíno people who occupied it, they shed light on larger questions of American colonialism and the development of Euro-American cultural identity ... Read more

Customer Reviews (2)

5-0 out of 5 stars fascinating
The story of the first Spanish settlement in the New World and its relationship with the local Taino Indians on Hispanola.Established by Columbus in 1493 the settlement faced hard times to carve out an existence in a new land.This story uses archeological evidence and other sources to tell the story.A fascinating history that is both obscure, small and very colorful.

Seth J. Frantzman

5-0 out of 5 stars A Tremendous Example of Historical Research
I read it in three days.

A must have book for anyone interested in the Conquista and early colonization of the Caribbean and America in General.I also believe that anyone interested in the life and deeds of Christopher Columbus should read this work.

The authors' combination of archaeological excavation with documentary research is excellent and should serve as an example for future research projects.Furthermore, some of the discoveries they made will be quite unexpected and surprising for the general public, and even for those familiar with their work.

Despite the fact that both Deagan and Cruxent are highly regarded experts in Caribbean archaeology, they have written a book that can be enjoyed by the general public. ... Read more

22. Museo Arqueológico Regional, Altos de Chavón
by Manuel Antonio García Arévalo
 Unknown Binding: 127 Pages (1982)

Asin: B0007AYY8C
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23. Torn Between Empires: Economy, Society, and Patterns of Political Thought in the Hispanic Caribbean, 1840-1878
by Luis Martinez-Fernandez
 Hardcover: 344 Pages (1994-07)
list price: US$50.00 -- used & new: US$25.00
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Asin: 0820315680
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Product Description
This in-depth, comparative study focuses on the economy, society and political culture of Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Dominican Republic in the middle decades of the 19th century. It draws heavily on archival sources in North America, Europe and the Caribbean. ... Read more

24. Archaeology at La Isabela: Spain:America's First European Town
by Ms. Kathleen Deagan, Jose Maria Cruxent
Hardcover: 368 Pages (2002-05-01)
list price: US$75.00 -- used & new: US$59.99
(price subject to change: see help)
Asin: 0300090412
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Editorial Review

Product Description
In this important book, Kathleen Deagan and José María Cruxent present detailed technical documentation of their ten-year archaeological excavation of La Isabela, America's first colony. The artifacts and material remains of the town offer rich material for comparative research into Euro-American cultural and material development during the crucialtransition from the medieval era to the Renaissance. The period when La Isabela was in existence witnessed great innovation and change in many areas of technology. The archaeological evidence of La Isabela's architecture, weaponry, numismatics, pottery, and metallurgy can be precisely dated, helping to chart the sequence of this change and revealing much that is new about late medieval technology. The authors' archaeological research also provides a foundation for their insights into the reasons for the demise of La Isabela. ... Read more

25. The Abolitions of Slavery: From Leger Felicite Sonthonax to Victor Schoelcher, 1793, 1794, 1848 (Slave Route Series)
 Paperback: 416 Pages (2003-11)
list price: US$29.95 -- used & new: US$29.95
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Asin: 1571814329
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Editorial Review

Product Description
These papers are intended to demonstrate the complexity of the historical processes leading up to the abolition of slavery in 1793-1794, and again in 1848, given that Bonaparte had restored the former colonial regime in 1802. Those processes include the slave insurrections and the many forms of resistance to slavery and servile work, the philosophical and political debates of the Enlightenment, the attitude of the Church, the action of anti-slavery associations and the role of revolutionary assemblies, not forgetting the importance of the economic interests that provided the backcloth to philosophical discussions in the matter.The close interweaving of the colonial spheres of the majority of European powers inexorably raised slavery to an international plane: from then on anti-slavery too became a cosmopolitan movement, and these present studies strive to take account of this important innovation at the end of the eighteenth century.This work, written in tribute to Leger Felicite Sonthonex, who was responsible for the first abolition in Santo Domingo in 1793, and to Victor Schoelcher, principal architect of the abolition of 1848, is intended to link two highly symbolic dates in the tragic history of the "first colonization": 1793 marks the beginning of the age of abolitions, yet it was not until half a century later that France, now republican once more, renewed links with the heritage of the Enlightenment and of Year II. ... Read more

26. Conflicting Missions: Havana, Washington, and Africa, 1959-1976
by Piero Gleijeses
Paperback: 576 Pages (2003-02-24)
list price: US$32.95 -- used & new: US$28.66
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Asin: 0807854646
Average Customer Review: 4.0 out of 5 stars
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This is a compelling and dramatic account of Cuban policy in Africa from 1959 to 1976 and of its escalating clash with U.S. policy toward the continent. Piero Gleijeses's fast-paced narrative takes the reader from Cuba's first steps to assist Algerian rebels fighting France in 1961, to the secret war between Havana and Washington in Zaire in 1964-65--where 100 Cubans led by Che Guevara clashed with 1,000 mercenaries controlled by the CIA--and, finally, to the dramatic dispatch of 30,000 Cubans to Angola in 1975-76, which stopped the South African advance on Luanda and doomed Henry Kissinger's major covert operation there.

Based on unprecedented archival research and firsthand interviews in virtually all of the countries involved--Gleijeses was even able to gain extensive access to closed Cuban archives--this comprehensive and balanced work sheds new light on U.S. foreign policy and CIA covert operations. It revolutionizes our view of Cuba's international role, challenges conventional U.S. beliefs about the influence of the Soviet Union in directing Cuba's actions in Africa, and provides, for the first time ever, a look from the inside at Cuba's foreign policy during the Cold War. ... Read more

Customer Reviews (19)

5-0 out of 5 stars Gleijeses 5 stars!!
Perhaps the least known event in Cold War history, the Cuban endeavors in Africa provide a startling contrast to the commonly accepted bipolar world of American and Soviet foreign policy. In this exhaustively researched and brilliantly narrated 2002 Robert Ferrell prize-winning study, Piero Gleijeses of John Hopkins University explores Cuban agency and support of African political movements at the onset of decolonization.

Gleijeses argues that Cuba went into Africa on its own initiative, despite the long- held belief by scholars that actions were directed from Moscow. By reflecting the ways Castro's foreign policy decisions differed with the USSR's, he demonstrates a different set of goals. He asserts that Castro's actions in Africa (as those of Latin America) arose from an identification with Third World political movements and symbolized a form of solidarity. Instead of bettering national interests, he claims this sense of solidarity manifested early on in support of the Algerian NLF even though it strained the Cuban relationship with France who supported the early Castro regime, and resulted in the cancellation of important Cuban sugar trade agreements with Morocco. Likewise, by participating in Angola, Cuba lost a massive contract for a West German development program. Despite Soviet reluctance to pour substantial aid and training into Guinea-Bissau and Angola, Cuban leaders tapped into their scant resources to offer support. Gleijeses also argues that Cuban plans for creating a social revolutionary alliance in Africa were initially unrealistic. He proves his case by highlighting Cuba's naive focus on fighting in Zaire, subsequently straining relationships with Tanzania who was preoccupied with domestic disturbances in Dar es Salaam, and reflected in Guevara's pessimistic reflections of Congolese soldiers' ideological convictions. Therefore, after Mobutu's successful campaign against Cuban supported-Simba forces, Cuban leaders came to the conclusion that Africa was "not ready" for socialist revolution.

Gleijeses makes some major contributions to Cold War historiography through his exploration of new sources. Despite the absence of Angolan archives, he draws on Cuban, US, British, German Federal Republic, German Democratic Republic, Belgian, and Russian state archives, all of which expand understandings of the Angolan Civil War and demonstrate the value of Belgian, West German, and East German archives in understanding the deeper context of the Cold War. By using interviews to describe the sense of solidarity felt by Cuban leaders toward the African states as a prime motivator for Cuban Cold War support and mobilization, he avoids possible mistakes in his own interpretations of the history by only discussing those of the actual actors.

One of the Castro regime's revolutionary themes in the 1960's and 1970's was the spread of socialist revolutions throughout the Third World. The Cuban government had supported the FLN in Algeria since before the 1959 revolution, and, under Castro, continued in the form of weapons, medical personnel, and Cuban troops sent to defend in an October 1963 Moroccan border incursion. The result was the creation of a Cuban intelligence network linking Latin America focos, or leftist guerrilla movements, with Africa via Algeria. From 1963 through 1967, this support network of focos expanded into Tanganyika, Mozambique, Congo-Brazzaville, Angola, and Guinea-Bissau, in an attempt to create alliances among African guerrilla movements and to prop up socialist regimes. Despite Cuban successes enjoyed in Algeria and Guinea Bissau, a CIA sponsored mercenary offensive helped lead to the defeat of Cuban-backed Simba forces in the Congo in 1965, undermining the Cuban project in Africa.

After the collapse of the Portuguese empire in 1974 Castro focused on support to the Angolan FMLA. Despite the earlier defeat of Simba forces in the Congo which signified Moscow's decreasing involvement in Africa, Cuba continued to station advisors in Guinea, Egypt, Tanzania, Guinea-Bissau, Algeria, and Mali, throughout the 1960's and 1970's. Castro's request for Moscow's support was denied But not dissuaded, Cuba dispatched 30,000 troops to Angola and successfully defended against a South African military incursion from November 1975 through March 1976. After the initial success, Moscow changed its reluctant stance toward Cuban actions in Angola and celebrated the Cuban intervention. While Cuban actions in Africa would enjoy future success and failure continuing until their withdrawal in 1989, the situation in March of 1976 reflected the apex of Communist Cuba's influence in Africa.

While a generally good read with strong arguments and tons of new source material, one of Gleijeses' major arguments puts too much stress on Cuban ideological convictions. Despite understandable empathy felt by the Cuban government toward the newly independent African states, he attributes undue credit to these ideological convictions while not delving into other reasons for Cuban activity in Africa. While he mentions the potential for Cuban leverage against the Soviet bloc, he does not discuss the importance of African resources to the Cuban economy, nor how such commitments to Africa may have stemmed from an attempt to resist over reliance on Soviet aid. Nor does he have sources that allow him to sufficiently explore the domestic significance of Castro's actions. However, due to the lack of information and the refusal of the Castro brothers to agree to an interview with him, the author is forced to veer away from these questions and focus on ideological causes. Despite lacking deeper assessments of the Cuban venture, the book shines new light on Communist Cuba in Africa and should be recommended to any Cold War history enthusiast interested in these seldom discussed events.

adam reller

5-0 out of 5 stars great awsome for all LA historians
i first read this book when i was 17 or 16.It was awesome.I studied it twice. As a historical document, it shows the truth of what went down there.The bibliography provides a great deal of sources, which I used and tells you which ones are bias or not.This indeed is the way LA history must be written: unbiased record.

5-0 out of 5 stars essential.
the role of cuba in africa, and it's participation in africa's anti-colonial revolutions is described with details and documented facts in this book. this is the "bible" on this subject.

5-0 out of 5 stars Thoroughly enlightening and readable history
This is an amazing account of a little-understood chapter of cold war history. Gleijeses has given us an extremely readable, compelling, and meticulously researched volume that shines a light on two decades of conflict between a global superpower and a young revolutionary government. I have enjoyed this book immensely.

3-0 out of 5 stars Interesting, biased, but worth looking at
I didn't have the taste to finish this book, but I did read parts and I plan to keep it around as a nice reference. That is because while it is interesting and pretty well researched it is biased to the point of distortion. Facts become selective, motivations imagined, omissions crucial.

On the other hand, the pro-Cuba bias in this book, while often heard on the internet and among certain pseudo-intellectual circles, is rarely presented in such a readable scholarly fashion. Also, the rare access that the author had makes the book valuable for just that point.

In short, the book is very well made, but restrained by its status as a pro-Cuba polemic. Still even those without the pro-Cuba view (such as myself) can find it very interesting and useful, even if not worth reading end to end. ... Read more

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