H martinique political movements mexico - indigenous and guerrilla political flags aspirant peoples in pakistan asafo company flags (fante people, ghana http://www.z6.com/z6files/z6files/fotw/flags/keywordh.html
Extractions: h clarkson house flags of british shipping companies (4) h. hogarth house flags of british shipping companies (4) helsingborg (sweden) ha'noar ha'oved ve-ha'lomed political parties (israel) haabersti tallinn subdivisions (estonia) haademeste haademeste (parnumaa, estonia) haakon vii (of norway) norwegian royal standard haanja haanja (vorumaa, estonia) haapsalu haapsalu (laanemaa, estonia) haaslava haaslava (tartumaa, estonia) habo house flags of shipping companies (the netherlands) habruvka blansko okres, czech republic habsburg habsburg commune (aargau canton, switzerland) hungary - historical flags (1867-1945) hachijyojima island hachijyojima island (japan) hacklin shipping companies' house flags (finland), g-z hadrian castel sant' angelo (latium, italy) haefelfingen haeggenschwil haegglingen haemikon haenam county haenam county, chollanam-do (south korea) haganah army flags (israel) hagenbuch hague permanent court of arbitration haida canada: flags of aspirant peoples haifa port israeli municipalities haifa israeli municipalities hain steamship house flags of british shipping companies (4) hainan hainan hainault hainault [province of] (belgium) nord (department, france)
Dick Grune's Annotated Literature Lists The Language of the Sea peoples , Amsterdam, Najade G. Charachidzé, Ubykh , inThe indigenous Languages of Dolphyne, The Akan (Twifante) language its http://www.cs.vu.nl/~dick/Summaries/Misc/NatLang.html
Extractions: These references and annotations were originally intended for personal use and are presented here only in the hope that they may be useful to others. There is no claim to completeness or even correctness. Each annotation represents my understanding of the paper at the moment I wrote the annotation. No guarantees given; comments and content criticism welcome. Anne van der Meiden, "Biebel in de Twentse Sproake, Oale Testament, deelen 1", in Twents: Bible in the Twents (Tubantian) Language, Old Testament, Part 1, Stichting Twentse Bijbelvertaling, Enschede, 2001, pp. 390. Luigi Luca Cavalli-Sforza, "Genes, Peoples, and Languages", University of California Press, Berkeley, 2000, pp. 228. Bernd Heine, Derek Nurse, "African Languages An Introduction", Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, UK, 2000, pp. 396. Consists of very many relatively short entries. Made for Koreans: no explanations in English. English entries divided in syllables, with pronunciation and frequency indication; Korean entries with Hanja alternatives. Joseph Harold Greenberg, "Indo-European and Its Closest Relatives The Eurasiatic Language Family Vol. 1. Grammar", pp. 326. 2000, Stanford University Press, Stanford
Extractions: By Edmund C. O. Ilogu THESIS: How can courses in religion and theology in the new West Africa universities be related to the emerging problems of culture change? Apart from being the study of a system of thought and belief, theology is also a way of looking at life. This means that theology must concern itself with the culture of a people. Theology must provide insight for the criticism of culture as well as for the social norms and community values that uphold the culture. The problems connected with culture change in West Africa are immense. A more adequate curriculum for the study of theology must include the "new fangled ideas" of psychology, sociology, and political science. THE problem which this paper is concerned with is the organization of university theological courses in our new West African nations so as to help, through such courses, in directing the cultural change now taking place in these countries. To say this is to imply that there is a close relation between religion and culture; that a thoroughly planned and systematically executed university theological education will stimulate thinking and action in a way that largely influences people's decisions, value systems, and choices; and that such influences will in the end create adequate channels along which communities will reorganize their way of life according to the light given them by these theological courses.
SERSAS For instance, a typical fante traditional state will to which asafo was an indigenousinstitution, or gradually rubbing off on coastal peoples, scholars have http://www.ecu.edu/african/sersas/Papers/ShumwayRebeccaFall2001.htm
Extractions: NOTE: This is a draft. Please do not cite without the permission of the author. Introduction. The patrilineal networks created by one's membership in an asafo company, and the inherent conflicts that exist between these ties and one's matrilineal ties, have caused some anthropologists to label the Fante as practicing a system of "double descent," meaning simply that a person can be a member of two different descent groups-one matrilineal and one patrilineal, for separate purposes. But a debate has arisen as to whether or not this pattern of double descent is really a product of a European patrilineal influence on coastal society. The implication being that if the pattern of inheritance and succession within the father's line was adopted from European practices on the Ghana coast, it is somehow less authentic or "indigenous." Historians have stumbled over some rather different aspects of the asafo institution, most notably the origins of the military structure and symbolism displayed by asafo companies. The asafo described in the anthropological literature of the colonial era displayed many features reminiscent of European military groups. For instance, a typical Fante traditional state will have the equivalent of an army general (Tufohen), a senior commander (Supi), multiple captains of subdivisions (Asafohen), and a variety of lesser officers including linguists, executioners, flag carriers, hornblowers, drummers and priests/priestesses.
Articles African peoples, eager for the opportunities of the mercantilism of powerful indigenousstates controlling the Gold Coast wrecked the fante Confederation and http://www.marcusgarvey.com/thevanishing.htm
Extractions: In 1873 the Ashanti armies crossed the Pra and moved against the coast to retake Elmina and at last London decided upon strong military action in support of the coastal position. It was a major turning point in British West African policy. Once the English government and people faced the fact of Britain's long-standing and deepening involvement in Gold Coast affairs, the victory in the Ashanti war of 1873-1874 was quickly followed by annexation of the coastal settle merits as the Gold Coast Colony, and a new chapter opened in the history of British relations in West Africa. Slowly, at first imperceptibly, a subtle change began to take form within the missionary movement. The rising interest in West African trade which led to the growing political involvement encouraged by men like Faidherbe, Glover, and Beecroft, led also to a redefinition of European-African relations. The older notion of the equality of all men before God had formed the basis for Henry Venn's pro-grain of African regeneration with its principle of partnership between European and African. Now, during the 1870's and 1880's, this view was giving way to a doctrine of Caucasian superiority which, though rooted in the pseudoscientific pronouncements of Richard Burton and his school of thought, had educated European missionaries to a skepticism over the capacity of the African to digest the benefits of Victorian civilization.
[Daniel Avorgbedor] will coincide with those of other societies in africa. identified with Akan or Fanteindigenous military organizations ozi itself, that is, all peoples gather http://aaas.ohio-state.edu/dka/aesthew2.htm
Extractions: AFRICAN AESTHETICS? AN INTRODUCTION AND EXAMPLES FROM THE MUSIC OF THE ANLO-EWE?* The Arts in General The origins of the term aesthetics are usually traced to Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten (1750). In brief, many philosophers and general connoisseurs have questioned and added to the original definitions, evident in the works of, for example, Eduard Hanslick (1825-1904), Benedetto Croce (1866-1952), Immanuel Kant (1724-1804), John Dewey ((1859-1952), and others. Today, one can gain quick insight into the problems surrounding the definitions and applications of the term aesthetics by browsing recent issues of Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism http://www.temple.edu/jaac/
African Books African Flags of the fante Peter Adler on strategies for ensuring the growth of indigenousAfrican culture Yet there can be few historic peoples whose identity http://www.saxakali.com/BookStore/saxbsaf1.htm
Extractions: This book contains valuable information on the history of African film from colonial times to the present. It explains why film production in Africa is what it is today, from region to region. This is mainly a book on African film history, so reviews of films are not emphasized. African Culture : the Rhythms of Unity Brings together important historical documents, contemporary testimonies and critical essays. Film-makers, scholars and critics detail their responses to, and experiences of, the challenges of cinema across the African continent. From various perspectives, and informed by differing aspirations, the contributors explore the inter-relation of aesthetics, history, politics and ideology in African cinema, as well as the cultural, social and economic forces which blend to form this vital and important cinematic movement. African History and Culture
West Africa - EthnoBass Akan (inkluding Asante and fante)44%, Moshi English Major ethnic groups indigenousAfrican tribes http://www.ethnobass.org/afr_west.html
Extractions: Home AFRICA page: - Central Africa - East Africa - North Africa - Southern Africa - West Africa AMERICA page: - Caribbean - Central America - Central South America - East. South America - North America - North. South America - South. South America - West. South America ASIA page: - Central Asia - Eastern Asia - Northern Asia - Southern Asia - South Eastern Asia - South Western Asia EUROPE page: - Central Europe - East Europe - North Europe - Southern Europe - South Eastern Europe - South Western Europe - West Europe MIDDLE EAST page COUNTRIES PEOPLES ARTISTS GLOSSARY INTERVIEWS ESSAYS LINKS SERVICES page - CD reviews - Events - Picture Galleries Benim Burkina Faso Cameroon Cape Verde ... Western Sahara Cora Connection: The Manding Music Traditions of West Africa: A information resource dedicated to West African music and culture, maily about Kora, Ngoni and Balafon. Decription: Cora Connection provides information on the folk music traditions of West Africa. Cora Connection sells hard to find recordings, professional quality instruments and offers educational workshops. Map of Benim Population: 6,5 million
African Studies Centre - Webdossier Asante Kingdom by forming alliances with neighboring peoples, leading to The expansion of the Fanteand the emergence Central and eastern Wangara an indigenous West African http://asc.leidenuniv.nl/library/webdossiers/dossierasante.htm
Extractions: This year the tercentenary of diplomatic relations between Ghana and the Netherlands is being celebrated, both in Ghana and in the Netherlands. Events have been organized to inform the Dutch public, the media, civil society and politicians about what Ghana has to offer and to strengthen public support for development cooperation ( www.ghana300holland.nl) OPAC ). For more information about this dossier please contact us by email at email@example.com or phone (+31 (0)71 527 3354). The celebrations to mark 300 years of diplomatic relations between Ghana and the Netherlands include a visit by the King of the Asante (in English: Ashanti), Osei Tutu II, to the Netherlands in June 2002. Osei Tutu is the traditional leader of the Asante, the largest ethnic group in Ghana and became king in 1999 after the death of Nana Opoku Ware II. The Asante were one of the Akan-speaking peoples who settled in the forest region of modern Ghana between the 11thand 13th centuries. The separate Asante chiefdoms were united by Osei Tutu in the 1670s and in 1696 he took the title of Asantehene (king) and founded the Asante empire. Ghana Source: His nation rapidly became more powerful by forming alliances with neighboring peoples, leading to the formation of the Ashanti Union around 1700. He built a capital, Kumasi, and created the legend of the Golden Stool to legitimize his rule. The throne became the symbol of Ashanti authority. By 1750 the Asante Empire was the largest and most powerful state in the region. The empire's wealth and prosperity was based on mining and trading in gold and trading in slaves. The Asante also became famous for woodcarvings, furniture, and their brightly coloured woven cloth, called 'kente'. The kingdom continued to expand until, under King Osei Bonsu (1801-1824), Asante territory covered nearly all of present-day Ghana.
Extractions: Ghana Ghana Although Fante-Twi (a major Akan language), Ga, and Ewe are the most important Kwa languages spoken in the south, three subdivisions of the Gur branchMole-Dagbane, Grusi, and Gurma dominate the northern region. Hausa, a language of northern Nigeria which spread throughout West Africa through trade, is also understood by some inhabitants in the northeastern part of the country. In northwestern Ghana, among the Dagari-speaking people and around frontier towns in western Brong-Ahafo, various dialects of the Mande language are spoken. Akan, Ewe, Ga, Nzema, Dagbane, and Hausa are the country's principal indigenous languages and are used in radio and television programming. The literary tradition of northern Ghana has its roots in Islam, while the literature of the south was influenced by Christian missionaries. As a result of European influence, a number of Ghanaian groups have developed writing systems based on Latin script, and several indigenous languages have produced a rich body of literature. The principal written Ghanaian languages are the Twi dialects of Asante, Akwapim, and Fante. Other written languages are Nzema, Ewe, Dagbane, Ga, and Kasena (a Grusi language). Most publications in the country, however, are written in English. Data as of November 1994
Extractions: Courtesy James Sanders On the basis of language and culture, historical geographers and cultural anthropologists classify the indigenous people of Ghana into five major groups. These are the Akan, the Ewe, MoleDagbane , the Guan, and the Ga-Adangbe. The Akan people occupy practically the whole of Ghana south and west of the Black Volta. Historical accounts suggest that Akan groups migrated from the north to occupy the forest and coastal areas of the south as early as the thirteenth century. Some of the Akan ended up in the eastern section of Côte d'Ivoire, where they created the Baule community. When Europeans arrived at the coast in the fifteenth century, the Akan were established there. The typical political unit was the small state under the headship of an elder from one of the seven or eight clans (see Glossary) that composed Akan society. From these units emerged several powerful states, of which the oldest is thought to be Bono (also called Brong). As a result of military conquests and partial assimilation of weaker groups, well-known political entities, such as Akwamu, Asante (also seen as Ashanti see Glossary), Akyem, Denkyira, and Fante emerged before the close of the seventeenth century. Asante, for example, continued to expand throughout the eighteenth century and survived as an imperial power until the end of the nineteenth century, when it succumbed to British rule (see
KKAnti: Libation, Old Testament, Akan BIBLIOGRAPHY Map of Ghana showing the fante and other state of antagonism with ourindigenous religious roots the creative attempt of African peoples to shape http://cehd.ewu.edu/faculty/ntodd/GhanaUDLP/KKAnti/LibationIntro.html
Extractions: The late Rt. Rev. J. A. Ackon, Anglican Bishop of Cape Coast, Ghana, facilitated my studies by recommending me for U.S.P.G. Bursary to study Mission at the Selly Oak Colleges with the understanding that I would be more involved in ministerial training at St. Nicholas Anglican Theological College, Cape Coast where I have been working as part-time lecturer since 1981. I am most grateful to him. Words cannot express my gratitude to the United Society for the Propagation of the Gospel (U.S.P.G.) for granting me a bursary to study in Britain and also for making it possible for me to share in family and church life in the United Kingdom. Their assistance during my visit to California, U.S.A. and Frankfurt, West Germany to attend International Christian Conferences, is much appreciated.
Festivals & Markets The peoples Choice Award for Most Entertaining film went to for Best Film in an IndigenousLocal Language Up on Bintou (Zimmedia, 2000), fante Regina Nacro's http://www.africafilmtv.com/pages/archive/magazines/afm31e/festivals.htm
Extractions: Festivals round up Film Festival Against Racism took Durban by storm Africa in the Picture Through An African Lens: 1 ... African cinema does its bit to calm North America A week long from 29 th August to 7 th Contact: Diane Magagane, Film Resource Unit, tel: +27 11 838 4280/1/2, fax: +27 11 838 4451, email: firstname.lastname@example.org Africa in the Picture 2001 was held from August 29 to September 9 2001 in Amsterdam, the Hague, Rotterdam and Eindhoven, the Netherlands. Africa in the Picture is the platform for filmmakers to present their take on the past and present of the African continent, and on the dispersal of Africans throughout the Atlantic triangle, the Diaspora. More than eighty feature films, shorts, documentaries and videos were on the programme. Together they depict everything that moves Africans and the people of the African Diaspora: from corruption to hip-hop, from slavery to spirituality. Africa in the Picture not only presents a platform for films, but also for lectures and discussions between filmmakers and the public. Various filmmakers were present at the festival, including the prize-winning cineastes Fanta Regina Nacro (Burkina Faso), Yousrey Nasrallah (Egypt), Ngangura Mweze (Congo) and Cheryl Dunye (USA). Contact: Hakan Korkmaz, tel: + 31 20 6227151
Extractions: The discourse of black disease has often been stigmatizing and controversial, but occasionally narratives of black pathology have also been uplifting. In 1930, for example, a blues guitarist with the stage name of Memphis Minnie brought an obscure disorder into public light, seeking to sow the seeds not of fear or revulsion but of compassion toward ailing African Americans. In her "Memphis Minnie-jitis Blues," the artist Lizzie Douglas sang: In the lyrics that followed, Douglas sang of the excruciating pain of meningitis, the diagnostic confusion of the doctor, and the enduring faith of her companion. The lyrics dramatized a common, often epidemic, disorder in the South, asking the listeners for sympathy and understanding. Depending on the time, the context, and the interpreter, the performance of pathology could point in many different directions. The conception of "racial diseases" has provided physicians, patients, and performers ample, ever-changing material for debating race relations in America. From tuberculosis to venereal disease to meningitis to AIDS, the ways in which diseases are defined, characterized, and dramatized provide a window on social relations and social values.
GhanaHomePage Feature Articles as follows Asante Twi (913, 270), fante (708, 470 is seen as harnessing the indigenousknowledge and and intelligent reactions from the African peoples who are http://www.ghanaweb.com/GhanaHomePage/ghana/articles/lang.html
Extractions: Feature Articles by Adams B. Bodomo Department of Linguistics, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim (NTNU), Norway. email: email@example.com Tel: 47 73596633 (office) Fax: 47 73596119 [forthcoming in Nordic Journal of African Studies (1996)] In their search for solutions to the development problems of Africa, students of African development have often ignored linguistic and other socio-cultural resources (Prah 1993). When linguistic issues are addressed at all, the fact that there is a multiplicity of languages in African countries is often seen as a hindrance to the development of the continent. This paper focuses on the relationship between language and development and offers a specific proposal for addressing issues of language policy and planning in Africa. Taking the language situation in Ghana as a case study, a model of development communication and education termed localized trilingualism is proposed; a model, it is believed, will enable Africa to harness its multilingual resources for accelerated and sustainable socio-cultural, economic and technological development in the 21st century. 1. Introduction
African History the most often spoken, along with fante, Ga and or Muslim also incorporate traditionalindigenous beliefs into Mandinka) and southern Mande peoples are located http://www.houseofafrica.net/african_history.asp
Extractions: The House of Africa imports authentic items from many countries and tribes throughout the african continent. Here you can explore the splendor and culture behind the items we sell. Click on the particular region to the right of the map of africa that you are interested in learning about. Learn more details regarding each African City....Click Here Cameroon is located in the northern part of Central Africa. It is bordered, from the Northwest clockwise, by Nigeria, Chad, the Central African Republic, Congo, Gabon, and Guinea. It is a coastal country, meeting the Atlantic Ocean on its western border. Comparatively, Cameroon is about three times the size of Florida, at 183,568 square miles. About 78 percent of Cameroon's land are forested. The coastal region is covered by dense rain forests. Cameroon is very rich in wildlife, so much so that biodiversity (the balance between organisms within an environment) is not regarded as a national concern. Malaria, however, is a national concern posing a serious health threat. This is evident in the country's high infant mortality rate and low age of life expectancy. The country is also comprised of marshland, such as the area surrounding Lake Chad, and areas of high, forested mountains of volcanic origin, including Cameroon Mountain. The principal rivers are the Sanaga and Nyong Rivers. Most of these rivers link with the Niger River to the east and north. Cameroon has a tropical climate, humid in the south, and drier further north.
Extractions: Since the ethos of the age of postmodern globalism is to consider the local and how it crosscuts with the global, it is worthwhile to foreground cosmopolitanism, globalization and hybridity. Cosmopolitanism implies multiple origins, being worldly, being au courant, being experienced in the ways of the world, being complex rather than simple, being all-inclusive, pervasive, being able to exist in, and affect the whole world. Globalization also implies the ability to cover a wide scope. It implies pervasiveness, inclusivity, and worldwide trends. Similarly, hybridity also carries notions of melding, mixing, and multiple origins. The homogenization of the woman question is primarily attributable to the Western hegemony in scholarship, funding and in the production of knowledge. In consequence, hybridity and cosmopolitanism have become the new and dominant ideologies. Consequently, many studies are churned out that explain not very much and Africa remains an enigma in the Western imagination. More seriously, Africa becomes even more of an enigma when Africans favor a variety of hybridity and cosmopolitanism that erases. African cultural philosophies are irrelevant to the constitution of ideals and desired values. To demonstrate what I mean, let me quickly make the following observations:
Www.etext.org/Politics/MIM/mn/mn149.txt the nationalities of Ibo, Ashanti, Ewe, fante, Akan of Africans and First Nationpeoples and the Nation men performing and drumming indigenous songs, gathered http://www.etext.org/Politics/MIM/mn/mn149.txt
Extractions: U$ INEQUALITY GROWS; WORLD INEQUALITY STILL MUCH GREATER I N T E R N E T ' S M A O I S T BI-M O N T H L Y = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = XX XX XXX XX XX X X XXX XXX XXX XXX X X X X X X X XX X X X X X X X V X X X V X X X X X X X XX XXX X X X X X X XX X X X X X X X XXX X X X V XXX X XXX XXX = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = THE MAOIST INTERNATIONALIST MOVEMENT MIM Notes 149 NOVEMBER 1, 1997 MIM Notes speaks to and from the viewpoint of the world's oppressed majority, and against the imperialist-patriarchy. Pick it up and wield it in the service of the people. support it, struggle with it and write for it. IN THIS ISSUE: 1. PUERTO RICAN MASSES ORGANIZE NATIONWIDE STRIKE 2. PIGS USE WAR ON DRUGS AND GANGS AS EXCUSE FOR MASS ROUND-UP 3. LETTERS 4. NATIONAL LIBERATION STRUGGLE IN THE PHILIPPINES: MIM/RAIL AND ALLIES LAUNCH LECTURE AND DISCUSSION SERIES 5. AMNESTY ON KOREA: RAISING HEGEMONISM TO A LEVEL OF PRINCIPLE 6. ANN ARBOR STUDENTS CELEBRATE INDIGENOUS PEOPLE'S DAY NOT COLUMBUS DAY 7. TEXAS GOV. BUSH BACKS DOWN ON LYNCHING IN FACE OF PRESSURE 8. CLINTON REJECTS LANDMINE TREATY 9. ANOTHER PRISONER DIES AFTER BRUTAL BEATING BY GUARDS 10. IMPERIALISTS EXPERIMENT USING THIRD WORLD WIMMIN 11. PATRIARCHY CONTINUES CONTROL OVER WIMMIN: NEW ABORTION BAN PASSES U$ HOUSE OF REPS 12. ORGANIZE TO END THE AMERIKAN LOCKDOWN 13. REPUDIATE CHARITY: PROMOTE REVOLUTION 14. AMERIKA GRABS FOR PUERTO RICAN PENAL SYSTEM 15. MARXISM-LENINISM-MAOISM ONLINE 16. UNDER LOCK AND KEY 17. U$ INEQUALITY GROWS; WORLD INEQUALITY STILL MUCH GREATER
CAR May 01 day, the regalia of Asante and fante chiefs of starting any building work, but indigenousgroups with An ecological history of North America and its peoples. http://car.anu.edu.au/may2001newsfull.html
Extractions: Professor Chris Stringer, Head of Human Origins in the Department of Palaeontology at The Natural History Museum, London arrived in Australia on Tuesday May 8 to give the sixth biennial Mulvaney Lecture on Wednesday May 9 in Manning Clark Theatre 1 at the ANU. The lecture was very well-attended with nearly 400 people packing the lecture hall to hear him deliver his lecture entitled The origin of our species. Over the last ten years, the origin of our species, Homo sapiens, has become the dominant research question in public and scientific debate about human evolution. Originally involving only the fossil record, the debate has now widened to include considerations of archaeology and genetics, with the latter field making an increasingly significant impact. In this lecture I will outline how the debate has developed, review current ideas, and consider the potential for future research. While it seems clear that modern humans had a recent African origin, it is still uncertain whether "Out of Africa" tells the whole story. The speaker was introduced by Prof. Matthew Spriggs of A and A.