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1. French Polynesia.: An article
2. Islands and Beaches: Discourse
3. Aphrodite's Island: The European
4. Trading Nature: Tahitians, Europeans
5. Pacific Journeys: Essays in Honour
6. Tattoo: An Anthropology
7. Beach Crossings: Voyaging Across
8. An Empire Divided: Religion, Republicanism,
9. France and the South Pacific Since

1. French Polynesia.: An article from: The Contemporary Pacific
by Lorenz Gonschor
 Digital: 16 Pages (2008-03-22)
list price: US$9.95 -- used & new: US$9.95
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Asin: B001P96AZY
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Product Description
This digital document is an article from The Contemporary Pacific, published by University of Hawaii Press on March 22, 2008. The length of the article is 4745 words. The page length shown above is based on a typical 300-word page. The article is delivered in HTML format and is available immediately after purchase. You can view it with any web browser.

Citation Details
Title: French Polynesia.
Author: Lorenz Gonschor
Publication: The Contemporary Pacific (Magazine/Journal)
Date: March 22, 2008
Publisher: University of Hawaii Press
Volume: 20Issue: 1Page: 222(12)

Distributed by Gale, a part of Cengage Learning ... Read more

2. Islands and Beaches: Discourse on a Silent Land : Marquesas, 1774-1880
by Greg Dening
 Paperback: 250 Pages (1988-08)
list price: US$33.95
Isbn: 0534110126
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3. Aphrodite's Island: The European Discovery of Tahiti
by Anne Salmond
Hardcover: 544 Pages (2010-01-12)
list price: US$29.95 -- used & new: US$17.54
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Asin: 0520261143
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Aphrodite's Island is a bold new account of the European discovery of Tahiti, the Pacific island of mythic status that has figured so powerfully in European imaginings about sexuality, the exotic, and the nobility or bestiality of "savages." In this groundbreaking book, Anne Salmond takes readers to the center of the shared history to furnish rich insights into Tahitian perceptions of the visitors while illuminating the full extent of European fascination with Tahiti. As she discerns the impact and meaning of the European effect on the islands, she demonstrates how, during the early contact period, the mythologies of Europe and Tahiti intersected and became entwined. Drawing on Tahitian oral histories, European manuscripts and artworks, collections of Tahitian artifacts, and illustrated with contemporary sketches, paintings, and engravings from the voyages, Aphrodite's Island provides a vivid account of the Europeans' Tahitian adventures. At the same time, the book's compelling insights into Tahitian life significantly change the way we view the history of this small island during a period when it became a crossroads for Europe. ... Read more

4. Trading Nature: Tahitians, Europeans and Ecological Exchange
by Jennifer Newell
Hardcover: 296 Pages (2010-05)
list price: US$45.00 -- used & new: US$29.37
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Asin: 0824832817
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5. Pacific Journeys: Essays in Honour of John Dunmore
by Glynnis M. Cropp, Noel R. Watts, Roger D.J. D.J. Collins, K. R. Howe
Paperback: 232 Pages (2006-04-28)
list price: US$29.95 -- used & new: US$29.14
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Asin: 0864735073
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This volume of essays, some of which are in French, are written by leading academics from New Zealand and France about the French presence and influence in the Pacific region. A tribute to the invaluable role John Dunmore played in advancing the historical knowledge of, and scholarly interest in, the region, this collection celebrates the work of a man who was raised in France and Britain, immigrated to New Zealand in 1950, and pursued a distinguished career as academic, publisher, and writer.
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6. Tattoo: An Anthropology
by Makiko Kuwahara
Paperback: 288 Pages (2005-07-22)
list price: US$32.95 -- used & new: US$23.85
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Asin: 1845201558
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In the 1830s, missionaries in French Polynesia sought to suppress the traditional art of tattooing because they believed it to be a barbaric practice. More than 150 years later, tattooing is once again thriving in French Polynesia. This engrossing book documents the meaning of tattooing in contemporary French Polynesian society. In this case, its resurgence is part of a vibrant cultural revival movement. Kuwahara examines the complex significance of the art, including its relationship to gender, youth culture, ethnicity and prison life. She also provides unique photographic evidence of the sophisticated techniques and varied forms that characterize French Polynesian tattooing today.
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7. Beach Crossings: Voyaging Across Times, Cultures and Self
by Greg Dening
Hardcover: 380 Pages (2004-09-01)
list price: US$39.95
Isbn: 0522848869
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The history of the virtually unknown Marquesas islands, located about 500 miles south of the equator and 1,000 miles east of Tahiti, reflects a society's horrific past in these narratives. Based on an anthropologist's fieldwork diary, this contemplative account explores the Marquesas's neglected history in four fabled stories detailing passionate and powerful images of national struggle and freedom. ... Read more

8. An Empire Divided: Religion, Republicanism, and the Making of French Colonialism, 1880-1914
by J.P. Daughton
Kindle Edition: 344 Pages (2006-10-06)
list price: US$24.95
Asin: B000WE5PL8
Average Customer Review: 5.0 out of 5 stars
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Between 1880 and 1914, tens of thousands of men and women left France for distant religious missions, driven by the desire to spread the word of Jesus Christ, combat Satan, and convert the world's pagans to Catholicism. But they were not the only ones with eyes fixed on foreign shores. Just as the Catholic missionary movement reached its apex, the young, staunchly secular Third Republic launched the most aggressive campaign of colonial expansion in French history. Missionaries and republicans abroad knew they had much to gain from working together, but their starkly different motivations regularly led them to view one another with resentment, distrust, and even fear.

In An Empire Divided, J.P. Daughton tells the story of how troubled relations between Catholic missionaries and a host of republican critics shaped colonial policies, Catholic perspectives, and domestic French politics in the tumultuous decades before the First World War. With case studies on Indochina, Polynesia, and Madagascar, An Empire Divided--the first book to examine the role of religious missionaries in shaping French colonialism--challenges the long-held view that French colonizing and "civilizing" goals were shaped by a distinctly secular republican ideology built on Enlightenment ideals. By exploring the experiences of Catholic missionaries, one of the largest groups of French men and women working abroad, Daughton argues that colonial policies were regularly wrought in the fires of religious discord--discord that indigenous communities exploited in responding to colonial rule.

After decades of conflict, Catholics and republicans in the empire ultimately buried many of their disagreements by embracing a notion of French civilization that awkwardly melded both Catholic and republican ideals. But their entente came at a price, with both sides compromising long-held and much-cherished traditions for the benefit of establishing and maintaining authority. Focusing on the much-neglected intersection of politics, religion, and imperialism, Daughton offers a new understanding of both the nature of French culture and politics at the fin de siecle, as well as the power of the colonial experience to reshape European's most profound beliefs. ... Read more

Customer Reviews (2)

5-0 out of 5 stars French colonial ideology - inconsistent and surprising
Defined as `ideas behind, motivations for and implementation of programs designed to reform and develop colonial societies,' French colonial ideology was not programmatic and did not borne out of revolutionary republican values.Instead, the case studies of Indochina, Madagascar and Tahiti and the Marquesas revealed it to be `a set of individual projects defined by degrees of dissent, debate, competition and collaboration between people both at home and abroad.'At the forefront of the empire, missionaries, Daughton argued, are essential to understanding republican attitudes toward colonialism.Civilizing policies came about `in the fires of religious resentment and political confrontation,' an exchange that underscored `les deux France' but exposed `how malleable and fragmented Catholic and Republic ideologies really were.'

Taking place in the backdrop of nationalism, the Dreyfus affair was emblematic of `two competing concepts of French identity,' pitting the `republicans versus Catholics, secular versus religious and left versus right.'Prior to 1880s, missionaries `rejected liberalism and nationalism and remained committed to Catholic traditions.' Pere Guelach epitomized those views as he `failed to see their work tied to French rule, was openly hostile about many of his lay compatriots and even believed the savages will have a higher place in heaven.'After 1880s, anticlericalism of metropolitan France not only challenged the missionaries in the colonies but could also militated against the republicans' own civilizing goals.

A complicated collaboration existed in Indochina: the administration used `the missions as effective tools for spreading French influence' while the Catholic missionaries, such as Bishop Puginier, sought to influence the government to benefit evangelizing.The Freemasons' fierce attack in Meyrena affair, best exemplified by Camile Paris' polemics, compelled the missions `to deflect criticism and protect missions from damaging legislation' by declaring patriotism and `retooling religious goals to correspond with the republican civilizing mission.'Aimed to sway public opinion, the clerical authority reinvented Pigneau `as both a hero for Catholicism and a dedicated servant of French colonialism.'For the sake of social stability, high-ranking French officials, such as Klobukowski, `did not take sides' and adopted policies that created `independent republican organizations like the Mission laique.'As a result, even after bearing the blunt of the anticlerical attacks, the missions remained in place and prospered in Indochina.

On the other hand, the failure of the Tahiti and the Marquesas missions to defend themselves against attacks and voice patriotism invited wholesale dismantlement.`Gender influenced republican approach to civilization,' and prior to the anticlerical era, worked in favor of the missionary sisters, who `represented hope for future Polynesian mother and their families.'As the region experienced rapid depopulation, the deficiencies of the civilizing mission reported by the likes of painter Paul Gaugauin with accounts and fiction pieces that inculpated the missions and officials' deceptions and induced successful anticlerical assault against the Catholic missions.In 1904, Governor Cor `shut down the all Catholic schools and revoked their official legal status.'The replacing ecoles laiques `drew only a fraction of the students the missions had' the anti-Catholic polices, in effect, `sacrificed the republic's own colonial ideology- its own civilizing mission- in the process.'

Ironically, Madagascar was a complete bouleversement of fortune for the Catholics and stranger still, the Jesuits.Driven by the fear of a Malagasy insurrection incited by the English Protestant, the colonial government `accepted and even cheered Catholic mission in the pacification of the country.'Furthermore, with `a long tradition of affinity for the Catholic church,' the military backed the Jesuits.Governor-general Augagneur's 1905 anti-Protestant reform policies that restricted `building and maintaining churches, religious meetings and job opportunities for church-school students not only sacrificed republican civilizing ideology' but also attracted British pressure to guarantee freedom of religion.The resulting 1913 decree `gave legal legitimacy to Catholic missions by officially recognizing them' since the officials in Paris could not possibly grant freedom only to Protestants - that was how the British Protestants helped save French Catholicism.

During the intervening years, the missionaries sought to reshape public perception by defining their `main occupation as an essentially French characteristics.'The defense and campaigns by publications like the Almanach des Missions, Annales and Missions Catholiques, emphasized the `missionary's contributions to colonialism' and infused a `rhetorical blend of Christianity, civilization and patriotism.'Histories were rewritten and retold.An Empire Divided explored the idiosyncrasies of French colonial ideology and the centrality of patriotism, at least outwardly, in the dialogue between the different actors of the civilizing missions.

5-0 out of 5 stars A brilliant book!
This is an extraordinary book that casts France's global empire in a new light.In crisp and lively writing, the author reveals how Catholic missionaries lay at the heart of an ostensibly secular republican project. This exciting and original book should interest all readers who want to explore the history of modern France, colonialism, and the intersection of religion and politics in the modern world. ... Read more

9. France and the South Pacific Since 1940
by Robert Aldrich
 Hardcover: 440 Pages (1994-07)
list price: US$20.99 -- used & new: US$5.75
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Asin: 0824815580
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