Extractions: Africa - The Birthplace of Modern Humans You either love it or hate it . . . Africa Map Click here to see large map Features of Africa Africa is the second-largest continent , after Asia, covering 30,330,000 sq km; about 22% of the total land area of the Earth. It measures about 8,000 km from north to south and about 7,360 km from east to west. The highest point on the continent is Mt. Kilimanjaro - Uhuru Point - (5,963 m/19,340 ft) in Tanzania. The lowest is Lake 'Asal (153 m/502 ft below sea level) in Djibouti. The Forests cover about one-fifth of the total land area of the continent. And the Deserts and their extended margins have the remaining two-fifths of African land. World's longest river : The River Nile drains north-eastern Africa, and, at 6,650 km (4,132 mi), is the longest river in the world. It is formed from the Blue Nile, which originates at Lake Tana in Ethiopia, and the White Nile, which originates at Lake Victoria. World's second largest lake : Lake Victoria is the largest lake in Africa and the is the world's second-largest freshwater lake - covering an area of 69,490 sq km (26,830 sq mi) and lies 1,130 m (3,720 ft) above sea level. Its greatest known depth is 82 m (270 ft).
Congo - A Look At The Past speaking peoples established themselves throughout Central africa. and they largelydisplaced the indigenous peoples. the area, including Kongo, kuba, Luba and http://cwr.utoronto.ca/cultural/english/congo/alook.html
Extractions: A L OOK AT THE P AST T he indigenous peoples in Congo were forest dwellers. Their descendants, primarily members of the Efe and Mbuti tribes, still live as hunters and gatherers in the northern Ituri forest. Late in the first millennium A.D., Bantu-speaking peoples established themselves throughout Central Africa. Their culture was based on ironworking and agriculture, and they largely displaced the indigenous peoples. B y the 15th century, several kingdoms had developed in the area, including Kongo, Kuba, Luba and Lunda. When the Portuguese explorer Diogo Cam reached the mouth of the Congo River in 1482, he discovered that the coastal kingdoms were capturing people from nearby areas and sending them to work as slaves in Saudi Arabia. Over the next few centuries, Portuguese and French traders enslaved millions of Africans, and sent them to work on plantations in North and South America. The slave trade was abolished in 1885. I n 1878, King Leopold II of Belgium hired Anglo-American explorer Henry Morton Stanley to establish outposts along the Congo River. Leopold persuaded other European rulers to recognize Congo as his personal territory, which he named the Congo Free State. D uring Leopold's reign, the Congolese were brutally treated. They were forced to build a railroad and collect ivory and rubber. As many as 10 million Congolese died between 1880 and 1910. When news of the atrocities became public in 1908, the Belgian government took control of the colony and renamed it the Belgian Congo. Although the Belgian government improved working conditions slightly, it too was a harsh ruler and continued to extract natural resources. For years, the Congolese struggled to achieve independence.
Extractions: 7 pages in length. The challenges for Africa inherent to the concept of globalization are both grand and far-reaching. Inasmuch as African economic existence relies heavily upon farming and exports the dawning of globalization threatens to make such conventional practices obsolete. According to economists, globalization and the movement toward an information economy heavily dependent on knowledge-based products threatens to see Africa's already tenuous position in the global economy deteriorate further. That Africa's economy depends upon locally produced commodities, such as vanilla, sugar, cocoa and palm oil, speaks to the aspect of modernized techniques that are being developed as a means by which to create such commodities faster, cheaper and within laboratories or non-traditional environments. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Extractions: FIRST FLOOR GALLERIES Ju/Wasi: Bushmen of the Kalahari This gallery contains an exhibition of the Ju/wasi: Bushmen of the Kalahari. This exhibition portrays a comprehensive view of the Ju/wasi, a people living in the Kalahari desert of southern Africa, from prehistory to the present. It also includes two videos made from original field footage. The exhibit illustrates the relevance of the Ju/wasi to our understanding of hunting and gathering and to current global issues such as nutrition and the rights of indigenous peoples. Hall of the North American Indian The Hall of the North American Indian houses the exhibition, Change and Continuity, featuring a selection of objects from the Peabody Museum's permanent collections spanning the continent of North America. It illustrates the diversity of North American cultures as seen in the objects produced principally by indigenous peoples living during the 19th century, a period of profound social change for these societies, and features aspects of contemporary cultures. Distinctive features of historic interactions between natives and Europeans are considered for each culture area: Northeast, Southeast, Southwest, Plains, California/Plateau, Northwest Coast, Arctic, Subarctic.
Extractions: FOURTH FLOOR GALLERIES Pacific Islands Hall The Pacific Islands hall exhibits a wide range of objects from Oceania, including Indonesia and the Philippines, items from Hawai'i, Samoa, Tahiti, and the Austral and Marquesas Islands, the Sepik River area, and the rest of Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia. Introductory Text to the Hall: Charles Willoughby, a former director of the Peabody Museum, began his 1926 report to then Harvard President Lowell by announcing the opening of a large gallery on the fourth floor of the new section of the museum (room 45) and the rearranging of the adjoining gallery of the older section (room 44). The Asian and South East Asian, Melanesian, and Australian collections were housed in the area currently occupied by African storage. The Polynesian and Micronesian artifacts were exhibited in this hall where they remained relatively unchanged for 63 years. An attempt has been made to preserve the Victorian flavor of the original hall, with its pale walls, rich, dark woods, period lighting fixtures, and a balcony which affords a view of the Pre-Columbian gallery below. We have substituted archivally sound supports and fixtures for the nails and copper wiring which once impaled layers of artifacts.
Africa A-F african art, defined with images of examples, great quotations, and links to other resources. of africa's northern Zaïre, kuba, Bushoong, africa, Brazzaville Zaire, Kongo people, Nail Fetish (Conde), no date, Minneapolis Institute of Arts. See fetish. Gabon, Fang peoples, http://www.fuller.edu/swm/abstracts/africa.html
Extractions: 30 Years of Mission Abstracts Africa Faculty Introduction How to use this volume Search Our Site Author: Addai, Joseph William Degree: Ph.D. ICS Title: Metaphors, Values, and Ethno-leadership: A Missiological Study with Implications for Christian Leaders in Ghana. (U.M. 9925349) 301 pp. Abstract This missiological research examines the problem of developing functional leadership in Ghana, Africa. The premise is that leadership values of any identifiable culture are reflected by their everyday metaphors, and than an understanding of those values is crucial to effective leadership in that context. Key Words African, Ashanti, Akan, biblical leadership, Ghana, Ghanaian, leader, leadership, culture context, world view, tradition, effective leadership, ethno-leadership, ethno-values, functional leadership, holistic leadership, leadership situations, African proverbs, symbols, stools, metaphor, assumptions, English influence, images Author: Adekeye, George Niyi
Africa (s1)(afr1Page1) magnificent photographs of the indigenous peoples) (Keywords Culture history Ethnology,Central africa, Zaire, Yombe, Vili, Teke, Pende, Tshokwe, kuba, Luba http://www.tribalworldbooks.com.au/afr1Page1.html
Congo (Zaire) revised 15 October 1998 Congo (Zaire) Information Map of Congo (Zaire) with the peoples discussed in "Art and Life in africa" CDROM General Information for Congo (Zaire) June 30, 1960 Kisingani, Lubumbashi, Kolwesi Head of State chiefdoms, from settled indigenous village communities to predominantly state religion. The kuba Kingdom, founded in http://www.uiowa.edu/~africart/toc/countries/Congo_%28Zaire%29.html
Extractions: Country: Congo (Zaire) Location: Central Africa Independence: June 30, 1960 Nationality: Congolese Capital City: Kinshasa Population: Important Cities: Kisingani, Lubumbashi, Kolwesi Head of State: Lawrence Kabila Area: 2,345,410 sq.km. Type of Government: Dictatorship, presumably undergoing transition to Representative Government Currency: 4.5 CF=1 USD Major peoples: Azande, Chokwe ,Songo, Kongo ,Kuba,Lunda,Bembe Religion: Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 20%, Kimbanguist 10%, Muslim 10%, African 10% Climate: Equatorial Literacy: Official Language: French Principal Languages: Lingala, Azande, Chokwe, Kongo, Luba Major Exports: Copper, Cobalt, Diamonds, Crude Oil, Coffee Pre-Colonial History The precolonial past of Congo (Zaire) was complex. A diversity of social aggregates developed, ranging from small, autonomous groups of hunters and gatherers to centralized chiefdoms, from settled indigenous village communities to predominantly Muslim and Arab trading communities. Established in the late 1300s, the Kongo Kingdom expanded until the mid-17th century. The
Artefact Bibliography (bibli1Page2) and twentieth century artefacts from the indigenous art. Ethnology, africa, Bassa,Yoruba, Boki, Punu, Teke, kuba). THE NAGAS Hill peoples of Northeast India. http://www.tribalworldbooks.com.au/bib-artPage2.html
SOSIG: Ethnographic Studies Of Peoples And Communities Browse this resource, Center For World indigenous Studies. this resource, Come ExploreWest africa; peoples and Cultures of and Ghana), by Richard kuba and Carola http://www.sosig.ac.uk/roads/subject-listing/World/ethnostud.html
Extractions: Editor: Centre for Social Anthropology and Computing, Manchester University Library Internet Resources Listed Alphabetically Sort: by type For a short description click the title. To access the resource directly click "Daily Life in Sierra Leone; The Sherbro in 1936-37"; African photographs from the University of Pennsylvania Museum Archives 'The Yoruba Today' J.S. Eades 1905-1907 Breasted Expeditions to Egypt and the Sudan; a Photographic Study 45 years in the Turkish Village 1949-1994;Paul Stirling's Ethnographic Data Archives ...
SOSIG: Reference Works (Anthropology) Burkina Faso and Ghana), by Richard kuba and Carola Lentz. Browse this resource,Formenti's Links; africaKenya. Browse this resource, Lanic; indigenous peoples. http://www.sosig.ac.uk/roads/subject-listing/World/anthref.html
Extractions: Editor: Centre for Social Anthropology and Computing, Manchester University Library Internet Resources Listed Alphabetically Sort: by type For a short description click the title. To access the resource directly click A. Kimball Romney Consensus Theory Page Annotated Amazonia; an Online Bibliography Dealing with Regional Issues from an Anthropological Perspective AnthroBase Anthromorphemics ...
Lots Of Essays On Africa - 007-015 An 8 page paper discussing Kenya's largest indigenous tribal group of the kuba masksproduced by the kuba people of on the architecture of these peoples and of http://www.1to1essays.com/categories/007-015.html
Extractions: This 5 page paper discusses a hypothetical scenario where a U.S. company enters into a joint venture with Nigeria, which has considerably different ethics. This paper then explores related issues such as the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act which codifies particular ethical business practices. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Democratic Republic Of The Congo / DRC (Kinshasa) An annotated guide to internet resources on africa.Category Regional africa Congo, Democratic Republic of the the Benin Kingdom, the Luba and kuba, the Yoruba lang.html L1 Ituri Forest peoplesFund/Cultural based in Cambridge, MA, helps indigenous peoples and ethnic http://www-sul.stanford.edu/depts/ssrg/africa/zaire.html
Musées Afrique indigenous Knowledge in South africa . Pende, Mbuun,Dinga, Lele, kuba, Tshwa, Ndengese Aquarelles de Joy Adamson peoples of Kenya http://www.unil.ch/gybn/Arts_Peuples/Ex_Africa/ex_Af_musaf.html
Extractions: Cape Town South African National Gallery Government Avenue ma-di 10-17 Arts de la perle / Expositions temporaires Cape Town - Gardens South African Museum 25 Queen Victoria Street lu-di 10-17 terres cuites de Lydenburg San (peintures rupestres), Zimb abwe Tsonga , Khoikhoi, Sotho, Nguni, Shona, Lovedu... Exposition " Ulwazi Lwemvelo - Indigenous Knowledge in South Africa Cape Town - Rosebank University of Cape Town Irma Stern Museum Cecil Road ma-sa 10-17 Arts de Zanzibar et du Congo: Lega, Luba Durban Art Gallery City Hall lu-sa 8.30-16; di 11-16 Durban Local History Museum Aliwal Street East London East London Museum lu-ve 9.30-17; sa 9.30-12 Grahamstown Albany Museum. Natural Sciences and History Museums Somerset Street lu-ve 9-13 / 14-17; sa-di 14-17 Johannesburg MuseuMAfricA Newtown Cultural Precinct
Search - 009-004 of the kuba masks produced by the kuba people of been necessary for man to move outof africa prior to send me this paper (5pp)Most indigenous peoples have a http://termpapersonfile.com/categories/009-004.html
Extractions: This 40 page paper looks at the Jamaican community living in London and examines the influence that they have had on the wider community and the way in which that community has effected them. Issues such as the language, racism, schooling, housing, politics, religion and the arts are all discussed with their influence being assessed in both directions. Examples and cases are cited to demonstrate the influences. The paper includes two graphs and cites 19 sources.
Arts & Humanities Yoruba asooke, akwete, ewe, kuba, and nupe africa peoples Cultures RESOURCES IMAGES Resources for 306 2-15 Colonial administration and indigenous groups 3 http://www.nigeriainfonet.com/Directory/arts__humanities.htm
Extractions: Adire African Textiles has been established to share our love of the creative works of African textile artists, weavers, dyers, and embroiderers, and to make high quality African textiles accessible worldwide.History, background, and photographs of adire, adinkra, kente, bogolan, Yoruba aso-oke, akwete, ewe, kuba, and nupe textiles. Adire African textiles Nigeria women's weaving introducti... We sell african art, including African masks, African statues and other African articles from Mali and other African countries.. african art for sale, african art, african craftsman's articles, masks, african masks, african statues, african articles, Mali, Africa, wali, Dogon country, Bambaras, Senoufos, Sarakoles, Peuhls, Touaregs, ebony wood, teak wood, cauris, dog, antelope, gazelle, Tyiwara, monkeys, elephants, hippopotamuses, thinkers, woman busts, rhinoceroses, Macoumba, jewelry boxes, ashtrays, wallets, Dogon doors, djembe, drum, crocodile skin, alligator skin, letter openers. African Art Online
Extractions: in the WSSD-game A briefing containing helpful notes on logistics, what to expect and how to influence the United Nations World Summit on Sustainable Development, 26/8-4/9 2002. (Do note that planning for the Summit is an ongoing process and information in this briefing / compilation might become obsolete if you notice obvious mistakes please notify through firstname.lastname@example.org 1. At the national level 7. Miscellaneous All governments have been asked to prepare and present a national assessment report on the Rio process. But who wrote it? And did they consult with civil society? You live and breathe what they assessed; you need to take a critical view of it. Negotiators cannot make the right decisions on how to fix things if they do not even know what the real problems are. If the national report does not reflect reality, then you may have to work with other civil society or major group representatives to make your own assessment. It is too late to start the work on a full shadow report, but a short paper with comments on the official report can do the job and has a good chance of being picked up by your national media. A group of NGOs have been making their own shadow reports during the last few months, and their presentation during the WSSD PrepCom in Bali will be published in time for the Summit. Contact Nikki Skuce:
Extractions: Arts of Africa, Oceania and the Americas Sotheby's Saturday, May 19, 2001, 10:15AM Sale 7659 By Carter B. Horsley This season Sotheby's has combined its Tribal Art, American Indian Art and Pre-Columbian Art auctions into one catalogue. The 87 lots of Oceanic Art start the auction at 10:15AM, Saturday, May 19, 2001, followed by 159 lots of the arts of Africa. The afternoon session, which starts at 2PM, will begin with 27 lots of American Indian Art, the smallest number in many seasons, followed by 148 lots of Pre-Columbian Art. While the sale recorded some good prices, only 75.66 percent of the 419 offered lots sold fora total of $6,767,745 including the buyer's premiums. Oceanic Art The Oceanic section of this auction has many fine works included a superb canoe prow, a fine canoe splash board, a wonderful dance paddle, an excellent gope board, a nice "pig killer," a fine ancestor plaque, and some good masks. Lot 38, canoe prow, 83 inches long, Geelvink Bay, Irian Jaya The canoe prow, shown, above, Lot 38, comes from the Geelvink Bay in Irian Jaya and measures 83 inches in length and has a conservative estimate of $60,000 to $90,000. It sold for $55, 375 including the buyer's premium as do all results mentioned in this article.