Deforestation In Madagascar Defining and Explaining Tropical Deforestation Shifting Cultivation and PopulationGrowth In Colonial madagascar. Economic geography. October 1993. v69n4. http://www.american.edu/TED/MADAGAS.HTM
Extractions: 2. Description Since 1896 when Madagascar gain became a French colony, the Malagasy forests have been rapidly depleting. Logging has occurred for shifting cultivation, grazing, fuel wood gathering, logging, economic development, cattle ranching, and mining (Economic Geography, 1993). Prior to 1950 most deforestation that occurred was done by farmers on a very small scale, however, deforestation since 1950 has increased tremendously. From 1950 to 1985, one half of Madagascar's forests disappeared. In 1985 only 34% of the original forests existing in Madagascar remained. Much of this destruction is for economic reasons; values which many westerners cannot agree. With a per capita national product in 1994 equal to $740.00 and population rate of 3%, the island nation is left as one of the poorest nations in the world. Unfortunately, due to the hardship in Madagascar, citizens often resort to exploitation of their natural resources to find income. The people of Madagascar are attempting to survive and conservation of biological diversity is not a priority. In addition, corporations have significant influence in dealing with the problem of deforestation because the government of Madagascar wants their investment. Due to the extreme debt incurred by the Malagasy government, the country is exploiting its wood resources to pay off money owed to northern countries.
Atlas: Madagascar madagascar. madagascar Profile More Geographic Information Country Profiles;Flags; World geography; World Statistics. US State Profiles; US Cities; http://www.infoplease.com/atlas/country/madagascar.html
Extractions: Environment: current issues: soil erosion results from deforestation and overgrazing; desertification; surface water contaminated with raw sewage and other organic wastes; several species of flora and fauna unique to the island are endangered natural hazards: periodic cyclones international agreements: party to - Endangered Species, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban; signed, but not ratified - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Law of the Sea
Madagascar: WORLD FACTBOOK madagascar + madagascar + madagascar +geography +- Location Southern Africa, island in the Indian http://www.tradeport.org/ts/countries/madagascar/wofact.html
Extractions: BUBL LINK / 5:15 Catalogue of Internet Resources Home Search Subject Menus A-Z ... About A-Z Index Titles Descriptions CIA World Factbook 2000: Madagascar Ethnologue Language Database: Madagascar History of Madagascar Index on Africa: Madagascar ... World Travel Guide: Madagascar Page last updated: 17 March 2003 Comments: firstname.lastname@example.org CIA World Factbook 2000: Madagascar Basic reference information about Madagascar, including details of geography, people, economy, government, communications, transportation, military and transnational issues. Geographical information includes area, population, flag, maps, high and low points, co-ordinates, boundary length, border countries, climate, land use and natural resources.
Extractions: BUBL LINK / 5:15 Catalogue of Internet Resources Home Search Subject Menus A-Z ... About A-Z Index Titles Descriptions AUSLIG: Australia's National Mapping Agency Australian Bureau of Statistics Australian Geographic Australian Geological Survey Organisation ... World Travel Guide: Australia Page last updated: 17 March 2003 Comments: email@example.com AUSLIG: Australia's National Mapping Agency Geographical resource offering the latest national geoid models for Australia, a set of 'Fab Facts', an index of topographic maps and digital spatial data, an interactive map of the country enabling users to zoom in on specific areas, a service to calculate sun and moon times, and a place name search facility which returns state location, type of feature, latitude, and longitude information. Last checked: Australian Bureau of Statistics Official organisation providing national statistics which cover key indicators such as gross domestic product, unemployment rate, average weekly earnings, and company profits. Also features the most recent census information and data pertaining to themes including science and innovation, tourism, and health.
Madagascar Home geography Africa madagascar. SEARCH RESULTS 1 7 of 7Banknotes.com - Banknotes of madagascar You will find pictures http://cybersleuth-kids.com/sleuth/Geography/Africa/Madagascar_/
Madagascar madagascar, geography, Top of Page. Location Southern Africa, island in theIndian Ocean, east of Mozambique. Geographic coordinates 20 00 S, 47 00 E. http://www.countries.com/countries/madagascar/
Extractions: Madagascar Introduction Geography People Government ... Transnational Issues Madagascar Introduction Top of Page Background: Formerly an independent kingdom, Madagascar became a French colony in 1886, but regained its independence in 1960. During 1992-93, free presidential and National Assembly elections were held, ending 17 years of single-party rule. In 1997 in the second presidential race, Didier RATSIRAKA, the leader during the 1970s and 1980s, was returned to the presidency. Madagascar Geography Top of Page Location: Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Mozambique Geographic coordinates: 20 00 S, 47 00 E Map references: Africa Area: total: 587,040 sq km
Extractions: M adagascar is located in the Indian Ocean off the east coast of Mozambique, Africa. It is the fourth largest island in the world with a total land area of 587,040 square kilometers. It is estimated that Madagascar was first settled some 1,800 to 2,500 years ago by seafarers who spoke Austronesian, a term that represents a group of Malayo-Polynesian languages. The island has a humid tropical climate and experiences heavy rainfall averaging 3700 millimeters (146 inches) annually at the Bay of Antongil on the island's northeast coast. The Answer: Larger Image (92k JPEG) T his image shows the mouth of the Betsiboka River which empties into the Mozambique Channel - the waterway separating Madagascar from mainland Africa. Intensive farming, deforestation and heavy rains caused massive erosion of topsoil. Red sediment can be seen filling the braided channels of the river and a large plume of sediment is flowing out into the Channel. Slash-and-burn cultivation, overgrazing and logging of tropical forests have depleted the island of its natural vegetation and as a result, heavy rains wash away the fertile soil into rivers and streams. T he sediment's red color is caused by decomposition of gneiss, the rock which forms the island's central plateau, and from iron oxide and aluminum oxide in the soil.
Extractions: East View Cartographic has complete coverage of all Russian Military topographic maps produced at the scales 1:100,00, 1:200,000, 1:500,000, and 1:1,000,000. EVC also has available an impressive selection of national and colonial topographic and non-topographic mapping of African countries. EVC can offer georeferenced topographic maps to the customer's requirements.
Extractions: A. Comores Arab Net Information on history, geography, business, agriculture, government, and transport. Comoro Islands Tourist site containing the national anthem, information on history, geography, climate, population, music, economy, political organizations, health concerns, and more. Comoros - A Country Study Complete guide to Comoros. Includes geography, politics, government, economy, the environment, and much more. Provided by the Library of Congress. Comoros: CIA World Fact Book Comprehensive, well-organized country profile including information on geography, people, government, economy, labor, communications, transportation, military, and transnational issues. Comoros: Consular Information Sheet Includes information on entry requirements, medical facilities, crime, Y2K, and more. Diana's Links to International Recipes: Comoros General information on this country's cuisine. Environmental Data Sheet Click on "Comoros" to access information about agriculture, natural resources and the environment. Summary of key environmental concerns. Adobe Acrobat Reader required. Institut du Monde Arabe: Comores Data and statistics on geography, history, economy, education, human development.
GEOGRAPHY African geography. Its area, including madagascar and the other adjacent islands,is 30,097,000 sq km/11,620,451 sq mi, or three times that of Europe. http://www.fortunecity.com/oasis/skegness/394/geogra.htm
Extractions: web hosting domain names email addresses related sites ... LINKS African geography Relief: Africa is bounded N by the Mediterranean Sea, W by the Atlantic Ocean, and E by the Indian Ocean and the Red Sea. Its greatest length from N to S is 8,000 km/5,000 mi and its breadth from Cape Verde to Ras Hafun is 7,440 km/4,623 mi. Its area, including Madagascar and the other adjacent islands, is 30,097,000 sq km/11,620,451 sq mi, or three times that of Europe. The coastline is regular, with no deep seas, bays, or river estuaries of any size to afford climatic or commercial advantages; so that in proportion to its size Africa has less coastline than any other continent, its total length being about 25,600 km/15,900 mi. Mountains: The mountains of Africa may be divided into three distinct systems: (1) the Atlas; (2) the west coast; and (3) the east coast. The Atlas Mountains occupy the northern portion between the sea and the Sahara, from Wadi Daa to Cape Bon. The eastern Atlas , 1,830-2,440 m/6,000-8,000 ft high, consist of two parallel ranges enclosing a plateau where salt lakes called chotts are found. The western Atlas , known as the Great Atlas of Morocco, have an average elevation of 3,050 m/10,000 ft, and the highest peaks are over 4,275 m/14,025 ft.
African Geography country. 3. Pass out worksheet (African geography 1) and have studentsdiscover the word madagascar in question seven. Practice http://www.pcsb.k12.fl.us/teachnet/jfredricks/africangeographyless1.htm
Extractions: The major goal of this program is to satisfy the Core Knowledge study of African geography for fourth grade. A benefit of this program is that it is also designed to develop technological proficiency. The task sheets are structured in a format that allows students to become not only familiar with an Internet resource, but also confident in their ability to navigate that resource. A realistic timeline for this program will depend on the technological proficiency of your students. If you are using this program as an introduction to the Internet, you should allow more than one 50-minute class period to complete a task sheet. On the other hand, if your students are Internet wizards and youre mainly after the geographical component of this program, it is not unrealistic to assume that you might complete this unit in a week. Let your conscience be your guide make sure both you and the students are comfortable with the pace.
Africa Map - ZoomSchool.com Seychelles (a chain of islands north of madagascar), the Comoros (another chain ofislands north of madagascar), the Canary You can learn geography at each meal http://www.enchantedlearning.com/school/Africa/Africamap.shtml
Extractions: Label African Countries Printout Africa : Africa is the second-largest of the seven continents on Earth (Asia is the largest continent). Africa is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the west, the Indian Ocean on the east, the Mediterranean Sea on the north, and the Red Sea on the northeast. Africa covers 11,700,000 square miles (30,300,000 square kilometers). Countries : There are about 53 countries in Africa (some countries are disputed). The biggest country in Africa is Sudan, which covers 967,500 square miles (2,505,816 square kilometers). The countries with the largest populations in Africa are Nigeria (107,000,000 people), Egypt (64,800,000 people), and Ethiopia (58,700,000 people). Highest and Lowest Points : The tallest point in Africa is Mt. Kilimanjaro, in Tanzania (eastern Africa). Mt. Kilimanjaro is 19,340 feet (5895 meters) tall. Africa has no long mountain chains. The lowest pont in Africa is Lake Assal, in Djibouti (in eastern Africa near the Horn of Africa); it is 512 feet (156 meters) below sea level.
Extractions: The following bibliographic entries are from the HISTORICAL DICTIONARY OF THE COMORO ISLANDS by Ottenheimer and Ottenheimer. Metuchen: Scarecrow Press. 1994. Albion, Robert GG. Seaports south of Sahara. New York: Appleton- Century-Crofts, Inc., 1959. Aubert de la Rüe, Edgar. Breve note sur l'etat actuel du Kartala, volcan de la Grande Comore. Compte Rendu Sommaire des Seances de la Societe Geologique de France 3/4:54, 1950. Bachelery, P. et J. Coudray. La Grande Comore et son volcan actif: le Karthala. Aspects geologiques, caracteristiques et evolution de l'activite volcanique. Le Journal de la Nature 2(1):32-48, 1990. Bako Abdou, S. Brulante est ma terre. Paris: L'Harmattan, 1991. Battisini, Rene and Pierre Verin. Geographie des Comores. Paris: Nathan, 1984. Battistini, Rene. L'Afrique Australe et Madagascar. Paris: P.U.F, 1967.
Welcome To Madagascar www.MiddleEastNews.com. Middle East News World Report. www.MiddleEastLink.com.Welcome to madagascar. geography. Top of Page. Location http://www.middleeastnews.com/Madagascar.html
Extractions: www.MiddleEastNews.com www.MiddleEastLink.com Welcome to Madagascar Introduction Geography People Government ... Economy Business Organizations Links To visit our sponsors, click the sponsor's icon of your choice. Be a sponsor! click here SPONSOR LAOAG NET This space is reserved for your company! This space is reserved for your company! Geography [Top of Page] Location: Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Mozambique Geographic coordinates: 20 00 S, 47 00 E Map references: Africa Area:
Population.com - Country Information 7%. geography, madagascar lies in the Indian Ocean off the southeastcoast of Africa opposite Mozambique. Currency, Malagasy franc. http://populations.com/country.asp?ID=102
Madagascar - Coins madagascar. Flag Map Introduction geography People Government Economy Communications Transportation Military Transnational Issues Time http://it.geocities.com/coinpc/Madagascar.html