Extractions: Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo-Brazzaville Congo-Kinshasa Côte d'Ivoire Djibouti Egypt Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Rwanda Sao Tomé and Principé Senegal Seychelles Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Sudan Swaziland Tanzania Togo Tunisia Uganda Western Sahara Zambia Zimbabwe The President of Africa Business Round Table (ABRT), Alhaji Bamanga Tukur has disagreed with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) over its reaction to the creation of a common currency by the 12 West African countries. Following the move by the countries of the sub-region to adopt a single currency as a medium of exchange the officials of the Bretton Wood Institutions warned the nations involved that Nigeria's involvement would undermine its credibility; and the monetary union would leave most participating countries worse-off than if they had retained their own currencies. It also warned that the inclusion of Nigeria which it claimed has a troubled history of economic management and with the size of its economy (the biggest in the region) meant any monetary union would be dominated by Nigeria.
Regional Activities - Africa the 1960s as many as 25 countries joined nigeria and Togo It is the first timein the history of Interpol as organisation that regional focus was http://www.interpol.int/Public/Region/Africa/Default.asp
Extractions: HISTORY OF MEMBERSHIP The continent's position as a crossroads between the Americas, Europe and Asia also lays it open to transnational crimes such as traffic in weapons, illicit drug trafficking, illegal immigration, traffic in stolen motor vehicles and fraud, etc., which can only be stopped by international co-operation. Seeking and locating the criminals involved poses problems relating to information exchange, international identification and arrests with a view to extradition. This is why Interpol (in accordance with Article 2 (1) of its Constitution) ensures the closest possible co-operation between the "criminal police authorities" of all member countries, including those in Africa. Crime is not associated with a particular region and is certainly not a problem for Africa alone. Ever since it was established, the International Criminal Police Organization - Interpol has been seen by countries all over the world as an institution whose principles and objectives correspond to universal aspirations for human rights, public safety and the fight against ordinary law crime. Joining Interpol was therefore one of the first steps taken by various African leaders once their countries obtained independence.
Extractions: Searching in HOLLIS BROWSE : Use a BROWSE search when you know an author name, a title, or a Library of Congress Subject Heading. Choose the appropriate kind of heading and type in as much text as you think you'll need to get a useful list of results (For example: Africa, East). The more you type, the narrower will be your search. SUBJECT HEADING EXAMPLES
Nigeria Colonial History nigeriaColonial history. but friction between the central and regional legislatures,related In 1954 nigeria introduced the Lyttelton constitution, its third http://www.newafrica.com/history/nigeria/colonial.htm
SearchUK - Finds It Fast! people, provides a guide to the culture, history and daily TOP/regional/Africa/Niger/Society_and_Culture;/TOP/regional/Africa/nigeria/Society_and_Culture; http://searchuk.com/Top/Regional/Europe/United_Kingdom/Society_and_Culture/
Specialised Theme 9 it Time to Give Up on regional history in the Steen Bo Frandsen, Denmark A regionalApproach to the Anthony I. Asiwaju, nigeria Transfrontier regionalism The http://www.oslo2000.uio.no/program/st09.htm
Extractions: The later years have seen not only a fervid scholarly debate on nationalism, but also on regionalism and regionalisation, with focus on the region as geopolitical concept. The region is of course not a late modern invention, nor historical studies of it. Its roots are e.g. to be found in German, French and American historical research in the nineteenth century; in many countries historical work on the region has in the twentieth century developed into a specialised discipline. However, the last few decades regional studies have been innovated, partly as a product of the new focus on nationalism and the obvious affinities and relations there are between these two phenomenons, partly as an outcome of the political debates and processes in the European Union, as well as in other parts of the world, in which regional co-operation is regarded as important, as a tool for political and economic integration. There are in particular three main questions which will be studied in the papers presented in the session. Firstly, what is a region? The typology includes a wide range of varieties, as to territoriality as well as to functions and ideology. Typology will be discussed both theoretically and empirically. Secondly, what are the relations between state and region? The relations may develop through historical phases; often there are tensions between centre, represented by state authorities, and periphery, represented by regionalism; in other cases the picture may be more harmonious. Thirdly, what is the nature of regionalism and the building of regions? Its aims as well as methods may differ from case to case; sometimes there is a separatistic dimension with it, in other cases region building and nation building merge.
Extractions: For further information contact: Alfredo Alves The earliest form of CBN as a network was the Cassava Advanced Research Network (CARN), founded in 1988. It has since then evolved through the globally structured Cassava Biotechnology Network (CBN) of 1992 to 1998 to the present regional CBN for Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). Although its goals have remained constant over the years, the methods for achieving them in the most efficient manner possible have continued to evolve.
Political History groups that live within its borders, nigeria is also a The history of the peoplesthat constitute the present Of these, the three dominant regional groups were http://www.nigeriannation.com/Government/PoliticalHistory.asp
Extractions: Home News Money Sports Inside Soccer Soccer home Live scores World Cup 2002 Soccer index ... Guide MLS Standings Statistics Team statistics Index WUSA Standings Statistics Team statistics Index U.S. soccer National teams College briefs (M) College briefs (W) Indoor/other World soccer Latin America Europe Africa/Asia Life ... Weather Site Web Click here to get the Daily Briefing in your inbox 05/31/2002 - Updated 04:07 PM ET World Cup and U.S. soccer history: 1990-2002 Timeline World Cup (Italy): Not the most exciting tournament. Defending champion Argentina lost its opener to Cameroon, which would win its group. The Argentines qualified as the third-place team in its group, then scored only two goals in winning three games (two in penalty shootouts) to reach a dour final in which West Germany won 1-0 on a controversial penalty kick. West Germany won the tournament, but Cameroon won over the fans. In the round of 16, Roger Milla scored two overtime goals (including one in which he stripped the ball from wandering goalkeeper Rene Higuita) to defeat Colombia. England ended the fairy-tale run in the quarterfinals with a 3-2 overtime win. The U.S. returned to the big stage through a dramatic qualifying run, but the inexperienced Americans did little other than a minor scare against Italy, which could only muster a 1-0 win. Sweden, South Korea and United Arab Emirates also went home without a point, while Costa Rica, coached by future U.S. (and Nigeria ... and China) coach Bora Milutinovic, advanced to the second round.
USAfricaonline.com | Democracy Matters he can discuss the concept of regional powers and Why Bush Should Focus On DangersFacing nigeria (AllAfrica.com obsession with Biafra versus facts of history http://www.usafricaonline.com/obasanjobush.chido.html
Extractions: Chinua Achebe Nigeria's president, retired Gen. Olusegun Obasanjo's meeting in Washington D.C., today Friday May 11, 2001, with U.S. President George W. Bush, serves well his preference for "talking" about west Africa regional interests, the war in Democratic Republic of Congo and such "international issues." While Obasanjo likes such a focus on "international issues", he has paid scant attention to the continuing drama of serial incompetence by his administration, increasing corruption and cornered contracts, ethnic bigotry against the Igbos of eastern Nigeria, complicated by shattered hopes of millions of Nigerians for the so-called "dividends of democracy" and unprecedented but dangerous delays in paying soldiers and federal teachers' salaries. There's little chance that Bush will tell Obasanjo to look inwards, but may I humbly state that:
Extractions: Other Web Catalogues See also: Empire and Commonwealth Weapons and Equipment and for Nigeria Armed Forces Organisational Overview Index of Regiments and Corps Social and Political History History of Niegeria , by Alexander Ganse ( World History at KMLA Colonial Nigeria , by US Library of Congress Country Guide Report by Sir F. Lugard on the Amalgamation of Northern Nigeria and Southern Nigeria
History creatively reunited and resynthesized many regional African traditions linked viathe slave trade to African history. of the Oyo empire of nigeria after decades http://www.cwo.com/~lucumi/history.htm
Extractions: Cuba Topic Brief Cultural History Yoruba Arará Abakuá Kongo U ntil the last decades of the 18th Century, Cuba was a relatively underdeveloped island with an economy based mainly on cattle raising and tobacco farms. The intensive cultivation of sugar that began at the turn of the nineteenth century transformed Cuba into a plantation society, and the demand for African "slaves", who had been introduced into Cuba from Spain at the beginning of the 16th century, increased dramatically. The slave trade with the West African coast exploded, and it is estimated that almost 400,000 Africans were brought to Cuba during the years 1835-1864. [That's roughly 1150 per month for 29 years!] In 1841, African slaves made up over 40% of the total population. The late flourishing of the Cuban sugar industry and the persistence of the slave trade into the 1860s are two important reasons for the remarkable density and variety of African cultural elements in Cuba. Fernando Ortiz Counted the presence of over one hundred different African ethnic groups in 19th century Cuba, and estimated that by the end of that century fourteen distinct "nations" had preserved their identity in the mutual aid associations and social clubs known as cabildos
Nothing New For Nigeria - Spring 1996 have been recurring themes in Nigerian history since its division of land that createdNigeria set the for potential instability due to regional strife between http://www.yale.edu/iforum/Spring1996/NigeriaSpr96.htm
Extractions: Spring 1996 Instability has been the hallmark of Nigeria's past. International pressure is mounting to stop the oppression, but will that be enough to ensure national stability? Nichelle Johnson T oday, Nigeria is plagued with corruption, fraud, embezzlement, and political instability. These problems, however, are nothing new to Nigeria - they have been recurring themes in Nigerian history since its inception. Nigeria, as it is known today, was created when imperialist Britain arbitrarily carved up the area nearly a century ago. From 1903 until 1960, Nigeria found itself under British colonial rule, the legacy of which remains today. The division of land that created Nigeria set the stage for potential instability due to regional strife between major ethnic groups. A History of Instability In 1993, Moshood Abiola, a businessman, won the presidential elections. The election results were immediately annulled by General Abacha, who subsequently installed himself in the presidency. In July 1995, when Mr. Abiola insisted that the presidency was indeed his, he was imprisoned and accused of treason along with 14 other politicians - including former president Olusegun Obasanjo (1976-1979). After a series of secret trials, the accused plotters were sentenced to death, prompting a cry of international protest. Copping With International Pressure Facing increasing international pressure, including condemnation from the Commonwealth human-rights team for sanctioning arbitrary killings, torture, and detention without trial, Abacha attempted to alleviate some of the pressure by introducing a complicated system of a transition from a military to civilian rule. In his independence day address, Abacha stated that the convicted coup plotters would be granted leniency, though he did not elaborate as to what extent leniency would be granted. Observers believe that they will most likely remain incarcerated for the remainder of Abachas term. Since Abacha has been in office, he has set up panels to examine government corruption under Babangidas regime. One such panel found that $12 billion in oil revenues had been embezzled into what Babangida dubbed "dedicated accounts." The present whereabouts of this money is unknown and virtually impossible to trace due to archaic filing at the central bank.
Staff legacies; migration, gender research, material culture, nigeria Publications. researchculturenature-relations, history of ethnology regional focus east http://www.frobenius-institut.de/personen_en.htm
Extractions: Director of the Institute: Vice Director: Scholars employed at the Institute on a permanent basis: Technical and administrative members of staff at the Institute: Scholars temporarily associated with the Institute for special projects Frobenius Society Research Sponsoring Prize winners Prof. Dr. Karl-Heinz Kohl since 1996 (honorary) Director of the Institute (Editor of the journal Paideuma and the series Studien zur Kulturkunde and Religionsethnologische Studien [studies of culture and religion] aus dem Frobenius-Institut; papers on general ethnology, history of scholarly enterprise and the study of religion; main regional focus: Eastern Indonesia and Melanesia)
InfoSecure The history of military governance is mixed at Domestically, nigeria's armed forcesare often called in to keep the peace between opposing regional, ethnic, or http://www.defuture.com/infosecure/quarterly_projections_june_2002.html
Extractions: Dennis Amachree's Nigeria Security Update Nigeria - 2nd Quarter (2002) Political Update Internal Power Structure Political: The campaign season has begun for Nigeria's April 2003 presidential elections. While the process has not been smooth so far-social problems, the immaturity of Nigeria's democratic structures, and the specter of military action have all caused bumps in the road-there is, nonetheless, reason for optimism in Africa's most populous nation. Once successfully completed, the 2003 elections will mark the first set of consecutive elections in the forty-two years of Nigerian independence (the 1983 re-election of a civilian government was marred by an immediate military coup). Regardless of who wins-incumbent President Olusegun Obasanjo is the clear favorite-the mere fact that elections are determining the future path of Nigeria is a huge step forward politically. Weaning the nation away from decades of military rule and toward democratic accountability is critical step in addressing Nigeria's many problems and an achievement not to be sneered at in a region where democracy is a rarity. Military: The Nigerian military has a prominent and chequered role in the nation's history. Military leaders ruled Nigeria for 29 of the past 36 years, including the 15 prior to Obasanjo's election in 1999. The history of military governance is mixed at best. Under Obasanjo, Nigeria saw a time of relative good governance, while leaders such as Babangida and Abacha were often brutal in their suppression of dissent and shameless in their plunder of public coffers. Military governance, because of its lack of checks on the power of generals, also contributed mightily to the pervasive corruption in Nigerian government.
JesusJournal.com - Death By Stoning In Nigeria The court in Funtua, nigeria granted defense lawyers 30 history of the Case When unmarried,Amina became pregnant she was brought before a regional Court where http://www.jesusjournal.com/articles/publish/article_367.html
Extractions: Content-type: text/plain CGI Error: No such file or directory Message: fatal error: Can't locate /usr2/home/jesusjournal.com/htdocs/script-generator/styles.pl in @INC (@INC contains: /usr/libdata/perl/5.00503/mach /usr/libdata/perl/5.00503 /usr/local/lib/perl5/site_perl/5.005/i386-freebsd /usr/local/lib/perl5/site_perl/5.005 .) at csBanner.cgi line 467. A judge ruled that 30-year-old Amina Lawal will be executed by stoning for adultery once she has weaned her eight-month-old daughter. The court in Funtua, Nigeria granted defense lawyers 30 days to appeal, which they have said they will do. Amina Lawal was escorted away in tears by her lawyers who have promised to challenge the decision all the way to the Nigerian Supreme Court.
The Page Cannot Be Found history African music is not a timeless, ancient art such as the Yoruba of nigeria,musical style regional STYLES Despite the homogeneity of music south of the http://www.africana.com/articles/tt_422.htm
Extractions: See also According to Pedersen in "The International Flag Book in Color" (English Edition, 1971) the Nigerian National and Merchant Flag and Jack was "Chosen in 1959 from among 2870 suggestions in a competition; it was designed by a student from Ibadan, Michael Taiwo Akinkunmi. The green panels represent agriculture; the white, peace and unity." In "Flags Through the Ages and Across the World" by Whitney Smith, 1975, this flag was first officially hoisted 1 October, 1960, Nigeria's date of independence. So the flag that was adopted in 1959 didn't become the official flag of the country until Nigeria became an official country on 1 October 1960.
NetMark: A Regional Partnership For Sustainable Malaria Prevention Managed by the Academy for Educational Development (AED), a Washington, D.C.based nonprofit organization dedicated to positive social change, NetMarks goal is to make affordable, lifesaving insecticide-treated nets commercially available on a national scale in Ghana, nigeria, Senegal and Zambia. http://www.netmarkafrica.org/
Extractions: What is NetMark? NetMark Plus is an eight-year, $65.4 million dollar project designed to reduce the impact of malaria in sub-Saharan Africa through the increased use and sustainable supply of insecticide treated mosquito nets (ITNs), and insecticide treatments kits for nets, through partnership and joint investment with a wide range of international and local commercial partners. Core partners on NetMark include the Malaria Consortium, UK; Exp. Momentum (formerly Group Africa) and FCB Advertising. Commercial partners include BASF, Bayer AG, Siamdutch Mosquito Netting Company, A-Z Textiles and Vestergaard Frandsen. NetMark roadshow in Senegal Why ITNs? ITNs are the most effective method for the prevention of malaria in sub-Saharan Africa where over 2 million people die every year as a result of the disease, the majority of its victims being pregnant women and children under five years of age. ITNs have been shown to decrease severe malaria by 45%, reduce premature births by 42% and cut all-cause child mortality by 17%-63%.
IBRO - International Brain Research Organization of SONA, Abuja, nigeria, 2529 April 2003. My Mustapha Bouyatas, Morocco GodfreyOtieno, Kenya Edward Nyatia, Uganda, Asian/Pacific regional Committee (APRC). http://www.ibro.org/secondary/about/p/fellowships_funded04.htm