LATIN AMERICA: High `nuna' Over Bean Patent Andean communities that grow nuna beans met in late to the protests of indigenous peoples. These plants represent for instance, farmers and rural inhabitants of africa. http://www.greenleft.org.au/back/2001/448/448p25.htm
Extractions: After hearing testimony from expert witnesses, the tribunal's verdict was unflinching in its criticism of intellectual property monopolies that are preying on the knowledge, rights and resources of indigenous people. noonya Alejandro Argumedo, a Quechua of the Peruvian Andes and coordinator of the Indigenous Peoples' Biodiversity Network (IPBN), was astonished to learn that the US company had patented the bean he has enjoyed since childhood. If the patent dampens research on nuna, it could have negative consequences for developing countries. Toasting nunas uses less fuel than boiling beans, a feature important to economic and environmental conditions in areas of the world where fuel is scarce. Bean breeders at CIAT, one of the 16 international research centres under the auspices of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR), believe that the nuna bean could contribute to economic development in the region. All of the nuna bean varieties listed in the AEM patent were freely provided by Andean farming communities, who allowed their bean varieties to be put into the public realm in order to ensure the continued maintenance of the world's seed biodiversity.
Extractions: March 20, 2001 Tales from a Tribunal: The nuna bean is part of the Andean heritage. It is our treasure. For a company to patent a nuna cross, claiming the bean-nut popping bean as an invention with absolute world novelty is immoral and violates the rights of all indigenous groups, said Elias Carreno, Coordinator of the Stop Biopiracy in the Andes Campaign of the Associacion Kechua-Aymara for Sustainable Livelihoods, ANDES (translated from Spanish). Indigenous elders from six Andean communities that grow nuna beans met in late February for a traditional Quechua tribunal to deliberate on US Patent No. 6,040,503 on the bean-nut popping bean awarded to a US food processor, Appropriate Engineering and Manufacturing. The popping bean trait is found only in the Andean nuna bean, which the inventors claim in their patent. After hearing testimony from expert witnesses, the tribunal rendered their decision. Their verdict was unflinching in its criticism of intellectual property monopolies that are predatory on the knowledge, rights and resources of indigenous people. Ayahuasca, quinoa, and now nuna, said Carreno, referring to controversial US patent claims on traditional Andean medicinal plants and food crops. (The ayahuasca and quinoa patents were subsequently overturned or abandoned due to the protests of indigenous peoples). These plants represent the collective heritage and knowledge of our people, and we won t sit back and allow our popping-bean to be appropriated by a monopoly patent.
Musées Afrique indigenous Knowledge in South africa du Niger), MasquesMossi, Bwa, nuna, Bobo, Toussian Aquarelles de Joy Adamson peoples of Kenya http://www.unil.ch/gybn/Arts_Peuples/Ex_Africa/ex_Af_musaf.html
Extractions: Cape Town South African National Gallery Government Avenue ma-di 10-17 Arts de la perle / Expositions temporaires Cape Town - Gardens South African Museum 25 Queen Victoria Street lu-di 10-17 terres cuites de Lydenburg San (peintures rupestres), Zimb abwe Tsonga , Khoikhoi, Sotho, Nguni, Shona, Lovedu... Exposition " Ulwazi Lwemvelo - Indigenous Knowledge in South Africa Cape Town - Rosebank University of Cape Town Irma Stern Museum Cecil Road ma-sa 10-17 Arts de Zanzibar et du Congo: Lega, Luba Durban Art Gallery City Hall lu-sa 8.30-16; di 11-16 Durban Local History Museum Aliwal Street East London East London Museum lu-ve 9.30-17; sa 9.30-12 Grahamstown Albany Museum. Natural Sciences and History Museums Somerset Street lu-ve 9-13 / 14-17; sa-di 14-17 Johannesburg MuseuMAfricA Newtown Cultural Precinct
INTERNATIONAL NEWS: NATIVE NEWS ONLINE Against Racism, Durban, South africa, Ishgooda. NAHIWCAR Protest Protecting Knowledge indigenous Events at FTAA peoples Summit FTAA. RAFI NEWS RELEASE Bracing for 'El nuna' http://www.nativenewsonline.org/international.htm
Extractions: IPR: WIPO meeting on IP, Genetic Resources, Traditional Knowledge and Folklore [BIO-IPR] China worried about soybean patent application [BIO-IPR] Resource pointer Ishgooda In Nobel Talk, Annan Sees Each Human Life as the Prize Peace and Human Rights: The Unbreakable Bond The first International Human Rights Day of the 21st century AI, ACT NOW FOR HUMAN RIGHTS ... Conference-1st International Colloquium on the Medicinal Plants/Health/Environmental and Development Don OTTAWA: Protesters march on G-20 meeting site, police arrest several Ishgooda WEISBROT: WTO Back on the Slow Track CBC News Online - Ottawa G-20 UNEP News Release. Environmental Issues make Significant Progress at Key Trade Talks UNITED NATIONS: PERMANENT FORUM ON INDIGENOUS ISSUES ... UN: History of humanity based for too long on mutual negation, representative of Israel tells assembly Maureen [corp-focus] The Cipro Rip-Off and the Public Health AI: Turkey: Endemic torture must end immediately WGDD (UN Draft Declaration) RE WGDD post (Excerpt Articles) ... Update 1 IP COP7 Climate, Morocco Indigenous Environmental Network Critics of Kyoto Talks Say Air Now a Commodity..Indigenous caucus
INTERNATIONAL NEWS: NATIVE NEWS ONLINE Against Racism, Durban, South africa, Ishgooda. NAHIWCAR Protest Protecting Knowledge indigenous Events at FTAA peoples Summit FTAA. RAFI NEWS RELEASE Bracing for 'El nuna' http://www.nativenewsonline.org/archive3_01/international.htm
Extractions: IPR: WIPO meeting on IP, Genetic Resources, Traditional Knowledge and Folklore [BIO-IPR] China worried about soybean patent application [BIO-IPR] Resource pointer Ishgooda In Nobel Talk, Annan Sees Each Human Life as the Prize Peace and Human Rights: The Unbreakable Bond The first International Human Rights Day of the 21st century AI, ACT NOW FOR HUMAN RIGHTS ... Conference-1st International Colloquium on the Medicinal Plants/Health/Environmental and Development Don OTTAWA: Protesters march on G-20 meeting site, police arrest several Ishgooda WEISBROT: WTO Back on the Slow Track CBC News Online - Ottawa G-20 UNEP News Release. Environmental Issues make Significant Progress at Key Trade Talks UNITED NATIONS: PERMANENT FORUM ON INDIGENOUS ISSUES ... UN: History of humanity based for too long on mutual negation, representative of Israel tells assembly Maureen [corp-focus] The Cipro Rip-Off and the Public Health AI: Turkey: Endemic torture must end immediately WGDD (UN Draft Declaration) RE WGDD post (Excerpt Articles) ... U.N. Says Planetary Plundering Threatens Earth
VADA - Volkeren En Stammen Peoples Tribes N NGUNU (Tanzania); NGUNI (Zuid Afrika South africa); Vietnam); NHUON LU (Vietnam);indigenous peoples of NIGERIA; nuna (Burkina Faso); nunaTAGMIUT (Native American http://www.vada.nl/volkennn.htm
Remembering Eva: The rationale is U nga ta fela hi nuna kumbe nsati Should they not be recognised,South africas indigenous 1993 to be the year of indigenous peoples, and in http://singh.reshma.tripod.com/alternation/alternation6_1/03MALUNG.htm
Extractions: Get Five DVDs for $.49 each. Join now. Tell me when this page is updated contents page The Relevance of Xitsonga Oral Tradition S.J. Malungana 1 Introduction There are three problems which I address in this article. The first concern is that often voiced by the elderly within African culture, namely that they observe the uncultured rules of morals, bad manners, lack of accepted etiquette and lack of respect among youths. The second concern is more general. The indigenous South African languages and their traditions have not received adequate attention in education, research and study. This is especially true in schools. The third concern relates to the fact that publishers do not publish indigenous cultural materials. All three these elements hang together, causing the marginalisation of African indigenous culture in South Africa. 2 The Meaning and Function of Taboos in Xitsonga Oral Tradition Xiyila (taboo) is a Xitsonga word for supernatural injunctions against socially undesirable conduct or behaviour practised by an individual. In oral tradition, a xiyila in its broadest and most abstract meaning, could be defined as a rule of prohibition covering what one may call, the communitys unwritten oral law. Junod (1927:573) who wrote on
ETC Group meeting hold in Durban, South africa in May 20/2001 Bracing for 'El nuna' AndeanGroups 2000 'Stop Biopiracy in Mexico!' indigenous peoples' Organizations in http://www.cbdcprogram.org/final/second_Phase/ReportsP2/ETC_group/etc_group.htm
Extractions: In September 2001 we changed our name from "RAFI" to the "ETC Group". The full legal name became "Action Group on Erosion, Technology and Concentration." The new name reflects an expansion of our programme, and emphasizes the work ETC Group does in relation to human rights, democracy, and governance issues; in addition to our previous agenda on cultural and biological diversity, and the impacts of new technologies on peasants and rural societies. What follows is a summary of ETC Group activities on policy, in the framework of the collaboration with the CBDC network. FAO IU Negotiations and the New Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources The process of re-negotiation of the International Undertaking on Plant Genetic Resources originally adopted at FAO in the 1980s was intended to convert the Undertaking in a legally-binding treaty, to ensure the conservation, exchange, and enhancement of crop genetic resources, as well as farmers rights, as a way of ensuring food security.
UNPO Monitor - Geneva July 1999 Paimiut, notes in his work the close relationship between inua and nuna in our Inwhich he expresses the view that indigenous peoples from africa and Asia http://www.unpo.org/wgip99/
Extractions: As a result of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act, the United States government enacted the Alaska National Interest Conservation Act of 1980. The provisions of this act are supposed to provide for the continued protection of our right to take from the land for our health, well-being and survival. I would like to thank my Indigenous Sister from the Ahtna territory of Alaska for the intervention which illustrated the importance of the vegetation and wildlife as an important part of our diet. Yet today, we continue to seek answers which would provide us the recognition and protection of our right to feed our peoples our traditional food from the land we have survived off of for thousands of years. This is one aspect of our right of self-determination which is not secured. Again, self-determination is best expressed and resolved by the Indigenous Peoples concerned.
Extractions: Jagt i foråret er meget mere skadelig for bestanden end jagten i efteråret, fordi yngleaktiviteten for mange fugle spoleres, og jagt skaber ufred på den tid, hvor fuglene har behov for fred. Indførelse af jagt i foråret er også selvmodsigende, fordi det betyder mindre jagtudbytte i efteråret. Derfor er den revidering, der nu lægges op til af Fuglebekendtgørelsen et stort tilbageskridt, fordi Landsstyret her fraviger det etiske grundsyn, at fugle ikke bør skydes i yngletiden med risiko for, at unger efterlades til den sikre død, når forældrene er skudt, siger Frank Wille og føjer til, at 20 procent af jagtudbyttet af lomvier og edderfugle nedlægges om foråret. Fuglebekendtgørelsen har været undervejs siden 1996, hvor Landstingets frednings- og miljøudvalg pålagde Landsstyret at udarbejde en ny bekendtgørelse, som skulle basere sig på bæredygtighed og forsigtighedsprincippet. Dette levede den Fuglebekendtgørelse, som efter kun at have været i kraft i nogle få måneder er justeret ind efter kritikken og sendt ud i ny høring, op til. At det ikke mindst er KNAPK, som har skubbet på, er så meget mere besynderligt, som fangerorganisationen har siddet i en arbejdsgruppe, der varmt har anbefalet bekendtgørelsen. I denne sad også TPAK, fritidsjægernes forening, Timmiaq, Grønlands Naturinstitut, jagtbetjenten i Nuuk, Direktoratet for Fiskeri, Fangst og Bygder, Direktoratet for Miljø og Natur og Kommunernes Landsforening, KANUKOKA.
Carleton College: Art Gallery: Burkina Faso centuries ago, they subjugated indigenous populations fiercely independent, politicallydecentralized peoples to the Kassena, Lela, Lobi, nuna, nunama, Toussian http://www.carleton.edu/campus/gallery/exhibitions/2002/burkinaFaso/
Extractions: April 3 - May 8, 2002 The art works gathered here come from Burkina Faso, the West African nation formerly known as Upper Volta. In 1984, former President Thomas Sankara (1949-1987) renamed the country Burkina Faso, drawing together words from the languages of the country's major populations, the Mossi and the Dyula. Roughly translated, Burkina Faso means "the land of upright people." Located at the southern edge of the Sahara Desert, with national boundaries drawn by the French during the colonial era, many diverse peoples live in this dry, landlocked country, independent since 1960. Burkina Faso's population is made up of more than sixty different ethnic groups. The country's complex cultural diversity is reflected in this exhibition which includes works of art by Bwa, Bobo, Kassena, Lela, Lobi, Mossi, Nuna, Nunama, Toussian, Turka, and Winiama artists. While Burkina Faso is often described as one of the most economically impoverished countries in the world, with an average annual per capita income of between two and three hundred dollars, in terms of cultural traditions, it is one of the richest places on earth. The peoples of Burkina Faso create a wide range of objects, diverse in form, function, size and scale, and employing many different materials and technologies. Within their original contexts, art works are valued not only for their aesthetic qualities, but also for their functional efficacy. In Burkina Faso, art is not just something to look at, but also serves life-sustaining purposes, vital to the well-being of individuals and the larger society.
MiningWatch Canada Newsletter #8 Alongside the Earth Summit, indigenous peoples from around the the leadership of theindigenous Kanak paid Mohawk Territory); Richard nuna (Sheshatshiu, Labrador http://www.miningwatch.ca/publications/newsletter8.html
Extractions: The largest point source of metal pollution in North America: acidic copper, zinc, and cadmium-laden water pours out of this pipe into Howe Sound from the abandoned Britannia copper mine, 50 km north of Vancouver, B.C. (J. Kneen photo) The Auditor-General of Canada 's office is looking into abandoned mines in Canada's north, as a follow-up on their contaminated sites recommendations in 1996. The team of auditors, under the direction of the Commissioner for Environment and Sustainable Development, will be looking at the federal liabilities for remediation, and management of the problems at mines like Faro, Ross River, Giant and Colomac. An Advisory Committee to the team includes MiningWatch Canada board member Kevin O'Reilly, and eminent biologist David Schindler.
Conference 6: Postings March 2001 could jeopardize the existence of many peoples in the offensive to Andean farmersand indigenous people because at least 33 Andean nuna varieties traditionally http://www.fao.org/biotech/logs/C6/march.htm
Extractions: [The first message of the conference is from Robert Lettington, a Law and Policy Consultant of the International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology in Kenya, who also contributed actively to the first conference of this FAO Biotechnology Forum...Moderator] A few initial comments on what I think is generally an excellent background document: 1) The nature of IPRs must be clear: They are a limited monopoly granted by individual states as a privilege in return for making an invention, or some other useful information, public. The policy reasoning is that, even though society as a whole loses a little through the monopoly, it gains more from the information. 3) January 2000: The arch-supporter of the World Trade Organisation (WTO), the Economist, asked whether the absence of IPRs in somewhere like Burkina Faso would actually alter the investment strategies of a multinational company (MNC). Since the freedom would benefit Africans, surely the net social benefit equation breaks down here. 4) Discoveries versus Invention: This is a huge problem, particularly in developed countries. E.g. in Japan there are patent applications for methods of making curry and tacos (using such 'novel' methods as curry powder). In relation to biological material, it needs clearer iteration - to what extent can you 'invent' something that already existed?
Extractions: See also the FAO Electronic Forum on Biotechnology in Food and Agriculture website: http://www.fao.org/biotech/forum.asp The sixth conference of the FAO Electronic Forum on Biotechnology in Food and Agriculture was entitled "The impact of intellectual property rights (IPRs) on food and agriculture in developing countries" and ran from 20 March to 14 May 2001. The importance of this topic was evident from previous Forum conferences, in particular from Conference 1 (on the crop sector ) and, to a lesser degree, Conference 5 (on hunger and food security ). Participants in these conferences highlighted the negative impacts IPRs might have for developing countries, such as their increased dependency on developed countries, increased "bioprospecting" in developing countries, reduced technology transfer and reduced ability of developing countries to produce their own biotechnology products. This sixth conference made it possible, therefore, for a deeper discussion of these issues to take place. A relatively large number (265) of Forum Members registered for the conference and 50 messages were posted over the 8-week period, covering a wide range of themes concerning IPRs and their impacts on developing countries. The majority of participants considered the impacts of IPRs to be primarily negative for the developing world. They seemed then to have two approaches to deal with the situation. The first was to reject the current IPRs system that they consider to be wrong and unjust and to propose how it should be changed. The second approach was to accept that the current system is here to stay and to propose strategies to overcome or alleviate the problems associated with it.
LINGUIST List 7.300: Ethnocentrism A group of peoples speaking different Athapaskan to be known as nunavut ( nuna = land + vut invaders, when encountering the indigenous British, labeled http://www.linguistlist.org/issues/7/7-300.html
Extractions: Recently, I asked for examples of ethnic/racial labels that reflected the view that ingroup members are human and outgroup members are perhaps less so. Here's a summary of posts received on linguistic reflections of ethnocentricity. I'm grateful to everyone who responded to my query. I'm afraid I didn't make clear in the query that I was refering to basic, "neutral" terms for other ethnic groups, not outright insults, and that only ethnicity/race was relevant to my study. (I'm writing an encyclopedia entry on "race".) So, I thank everyone who contributed here, but only summarize the material that was applicable to the problem at hand. The material is arranged by area, rather than language group. Lynne Murphy Department of Linguistics University of the Witwatersrand Johannesburg, South Africa thanks to: Katie Druschel < firstname.lastname@example.org
Earth Transformed Ladi Kwali a study of indigenous and modern techniques of Poterie et société chezles nuna de Tierkou and artistry among the Mandespeaking peoples of West http://bailiwick.lib.uiowa.edu/african-ceramic-arts/resources/bibliography.html
ELNA Catalog - Mixed Catagories MATERIALOJ PRI LA nuna UZADO DE LA AKUZATIVO Interesting perspective on issues ofindigenous peoples' rights describes his voyage through East africa during the http://www.esperanto-usa.org/mixed.html