Cape_town_okavango_delta_tour an opportunity to learn about the cultures of South africas indigenous peoplesby visiting The xhosa with their beautiful thatched homes and red blankets http://www.ecoventures-travel.com/Southern_Africa/tour_itineraries/cape_town_del
Extractions: Cape Town, Okavango Delta, and Victoria Falls A sample itinerary for 2 passengers. Approximate cost is $4500 per person. Day 1: Depart home airport to connect with SAA flight to Cape Town. Depart Miami airport on SAA, South Africa Airways, flt: 204 5:00 PM. Day 2: Arrive Cape Town 12:40 p.m. You will be greeted at the airport by a driver from Cape Rainbow Tours and transferred to the Grootbos Nature Reserve where you will stay for two nights. Dinner, bed, breakfast and all activities at the Reserve are included. After settling into your comfortable accommodations, you may arrange to go for a walk or a drive with the resident naturalist to observe the unique flora of the fynbos . One of the seven major plant communities on earth, this narrow strip of fynbos on the southern tip of Africa contains more species of plants per acre than an Amazon basin rainforest. Four bicycles are available for you to reserve for use. Day 3: September is the peak period for whale watching on the southern coast of Africa. During this period the Southern Right Whales arrive from Antarctica to give birth and raise their young. It is often possible to see them from a vantage point on the cliffs overlooking the shore. Weather permitting, you will take a boat to Seal Island where you may see more whales, Southern Fur Seals, Jackass Penguins, and perhaps even a Great White Shark or two! Overnight at Grootbos. Breakfast, dinner, and all activities included. Day 4: After another morning walk or ride to observe the birds, plants, and animals at the reserve, you will depart Grootbos at 9:00 a.m. You will be picked up at Grootbos by your guide from Cape Rainbow Tours and taken to visit the beautiful and informative Kirstenbosch Botanical Gardens south of Cape Town. Kirstenbosch was established as a center for the preservation and study of the indigenous flora of Southern Africa. All year round one can enjoy glorious living displays of wild flowers and the magnificent collection of cycads, silver trees and other shrubs, plants, and trees. As time allows you will be able to visit other sites you choose on the Cape peninsula. At 6:00 p.m. you will be taken to your hotel, the Lions Head Lodge.
Extractions: Ethnicity denotes an extreme consciousness of and loyalty to a particular linguistic and cultural group unidentified with any other group (Udoh 1998:38). Such groups usually possess myth of origin, traceable to an epical ancestor or ancestress. With a strong ruling house such ethnic groups like the Yoruba, Edo, Fante were able to organize themselves into Empire or Kingdoms, conquering and incorporating other lesser ethnic groups as vassals. With the coming of colonial masters, treaties were signed with such kingdoms wherever they existed; especially during the 17th and 18th centuries (Bradbury et al 1965; Igbafe 1972). Origin of ethnicity in Africa Ethnicity in post-colonial Africa is principally a response to the new social structure the indigenous people found themselves in during the colonial era and at independence. The cultural upbringing is seriously at variance with the social processes of the modern era. Bohannan (1957) speaks of the philosophy of limited good among the Tiv of Nigeria. All goods are communally owned and so the possession of a good by one person is the loss of that good by another. This concept is applicable to every tribe in most circumstances. Ethnic discrimination has its root in the favouritism shown to kin group members as could be seen from the principle of segmentary opposition among the Tiv of Nigeria (Bohannan 1969) or Nuer of Southern Sudan (Evans-Pritchard 1940).
Extractions: The Pre-colonial Origin of Soccer's Popularity in Modern South Africa INTRODUCTION HISTORIOGRAPHICAL PROBLEMS IN SOUTH AFRICAN SPORT STUDIES STICK FIGHTING TRADITIONS IN RURAL AREAS There was little time for leisure during the agricultural season between planting and harvesting. The leisure activities that did take place occurred in the late afternoon and evening hours, when men played a local version of the mancala board game, drank beer, or smoked dagga. Women had less leisure time than men, but, nevertheless, liked to participate in story-telling, singing, and dancing. When more time became available in the (dry) winter months men organized hunting parties, activities aimed at fulfilling both subsistence and leisure objectives. In a society where leisure was not seen as shameful, and time corresponded to the rhythm of the seasons and lunar cycles, the period between the harvest and the new planting season, presented rural South Africans, especially younger ones, with time to dedicate to leisure and sport. In a book by the uninspired title of The Essential Kafir , published in 1904, Dudley Kidd observed in Zululand that "[t]he boys have great fencing matches with sticks, every boy using two sticks, one to parry with and one for thrusting. They manage the sticks with wonderful agility, and it is a practice which is useful to them through life." Though most sources discuss boys' stick fighting, it appears that girls and male adults also fought with sticks. British Catholic missionary and self-proclaimed 'Zulu expert' A.T Bryant, in his monumental ethnography
Repatriation And Reburial Information Indexed link to resources and articles pertaining to the return of ancestral Indian remains.Category Society Ethnicity Repatriation and Reburial of Ethics for dealing with indigenous peoples which includes Our Ancestors' Remains Resources indigenous Network Group in Britain, where two xhosa chiefs may http://www.uiowa.edu/~anthro/reburial/repat.htm
Extractions: REPATRIATION AND REBURIAL ISSUES Many groups, especially indigenous peoples, have profound concerns about the ethical and respectful treatment of the dead by archaeologists, physical anthropologists and museums. The issue is complicated with concerns ranging from academic freedom to the rights of the dead. There is a continuum of opinion about these matters. If you know of additional material that should be on this web site or have constructive suggestions, please contact Larry J. Zimmerman NAGPRA Case Studies Ethics Codes ... Other Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (1990)
Robben Island - General Information The South Ndebele, together with the Zulu, xhosa and Swazi, belong distinguishes theSouth Ndebele, from other indigenous South African peoples, is their http://www.freedom.co.za/general.html
Extractions: General South Africa is a big country, occupying over a million square kilometres of the Southern continent, its 3 000 -km coastline lapped by the cold waters of the Atlantic in the West and, in the east, by the warm waters of the Indian Ocean. More than that it is a country of remarkable diversity with its population - ' The Rainbow Nation '- embracing a bewildering mix of clours, creeds, customs and languages. Variety and contrast are visible in the nation and in the land itself, and in the character of the towns and cities and rural areas. Some of the still existing tribes would include the Zulu Nation, the Xhosa, the Swazi (all three are related, belonging to the Nguni group of people); the Northern Sotho, the Southern Sotho and the Tswana, the South Ndebele and the North Ndebele, the Venda and Lemba; and the Shangaan-Tsonga. No matter how many generations removed, members of a tribal clan are still "brothers and sisters" and share common roots. According to oral history, the name Zulu literally means "sky", and was the name given to the son of Malandela and Nozinja, who lived in what was later to become known as Zululand or, in the Zulu language, KwaZulu. An interesting situation developed when young Zulu, who was his mothers' "favourite", grew to be a man. His eldest brother, Qwaba, became jealous of him and planned his end. His mother however, came to the rescue and took Zulu away.Supported by an Induna ( headman ) named Mpungose he made his way in the world and - as it happened - establish the Zulu clan.
Business & Human Rights: Mining Industry 1991-2000 The World's indigenous peoples (Russel Barsh, White Paper ENVIRONMENT G-7 indigenousGroups Lament Record After Rights (a 72-page xhosa-language / English http://www.business-humanrights.org/Mining-1991-2000.htm
Extractions: back to home Business and Human Rights: a resource website Mining industry: General materials 1991-2000 See also other materials on "Mining industry" U.S. Backs Tribe, Rejects Gold Mine Proposal (Tony Perry, Los Angeles Times , 17 Nov. 2000) On the Ground Research: A Research Agenda for Communities Affected by Large-Scale Mining Activity Submitted to the International Development Research Centre (MiningWatch Canada / Mines Alerte, 6 Nov. 2000) Whose Globe? The plight of local people gets a voice in corporate boardrooms (Paul Raeburn and Sheridan Prasso, Business Week , 6 Nov. 2000) Philippine Indigenous Tribe Urges Calgary Mining Company to Respect Their Land Rights: Subanen Representatives Tour Canada (MiningWatch Canada / Mines Alerte, 4 Nov. 2000) Rio Tinto: blockades and strikes hit Kalimantan mines [Indonesia] - The past months have seen unprecedented direct action by local people and mine workers protesting against injustice at Rio Tinto's PT KEM and Kaltim Prima mines. Down to Earth Newsletter , Nov. 2000)
Extractions: Information about special visa arrangements for Middle East citizens. To advise the department about a person working or living illegally in Australia, please contact a compliance office The department operates a national telephone inquiry line on , for the cost of a local call anywhere in Australia. Overseas, please contact your nearest Australian diplomatic office Home 1995 Global Cultural Diversity Conference Proceedings Preface ... Conference Speeches Dr Angela Impey Ethnomusicologist, South Africa Our stories are collaborations of past and present, they are transplanted and indigenous and link us to family and culture throughout the country and throughout the world,and our artists are making the most of them. Picture a dark, dank, dilapidated hall in downtown Johannesburg. In it there are no adornments save a few rows of broken plastic chairs and one or two bare electric lightbulbs hanging from the ceiIing in the centre of the room. On one end of the hall there is a low wooden stage in front of which is positioned a wooden table and a single chair. It is a Saturday night, approaching midnight. People are slowly drifting off the dark streets and into the hall. The majority of those who enter are men. They are Zulu migrant workers who live in the city for periods of up to 10 months of the year, working in factories, on the gold mines or in the inner city as company security guards.
Untitled Document 1713 a disease against which this indigenous people had 4.a) The xhosa's and theirleaders' Robben Island contact with some of the Black peoples of Southern http://users.ox.ac.uk/~sasio/timeline.html
Extractions: The spread of the Khoikhoi pastoralists into the Cape inevitably resulted in conflict of interests with the aboriginal San hunter-gatherer inhabitants of the area. A major source of conflict was competition for game. Although the Khoikhoi were herders, they relied heavily on the spoils of the hunt for their daily nourishment. Despite the obvious source of protein that their herds represented, the Khoikhoi usually slaughtered their cattle only on special ceremonial occasions. Also, despite the fact that milk from their herds was an important supplement to their diet, its production was often irregular and, moreover dependent on the state of the pasture and the presence of new-born calves in the herds. But while the Khoikhoi started competing with the San for game, their sheep and cattle were exacerbating the problem even further by denuding the pastures on which the indigenous game - such as zebra, antelope and wildebeest - was dependent. Consequently, as the San watched the vast herds of wild game dwindle, they felt increasingly justified in killing or stealing the alien animals that had displaced their traditional quarry. This in turn set up a deadly cycle of raid and counter-raid, sometimes culminating in full-scale warring between these groups - all of which lasted for many centuries. Finally, the contact and conflict between the Khoikhoi and San had far-reaching effects on both cultures. On the one hand, the Khoikhoi began to form themselves into larger and better organised groups in order to form a united, stronger front against the cattle-raiding San. The San, in turn, were faced with three alternatives: some fled the continual fighting and retreated into less hospitable mountain and desert areas; others established themselves into robber bands which subsequently preyed on the herds of the Khoikhoi; while others made their peace with the Khoikhoi and entered their society as servants, hunters, herders and warriors. Many who chose the third option gradually acquired stock, and later, when they married Khoikhoi women, they were gradually accepted as fully fledged members of these communities.[back to
10 Ngwato term became unacceptable both to the xhosa (as well became the term to refer to indigenouspeoples of the In South africa, native had long been used in http://husky1.stmarys.ca/~wmills/course316/10Ngwato.html
Regarding Africa exist in eg rivers (among the xhosa), or in in the historical victory of our indigenouspeoples vs the Is there a subtext here in which africa remains the http://csf.colorado.edu/mail/wsn/99/msg00086.html
Südafrika Seminar Translate this page xhosa, Kurze Einführung. forums that advocate the rights, voice and vision of indigenouspeoples. Stanford University africa South of the Sahara, spricht für http://www.magefi.de/sa/
South Africa joined with British to defeat the xhosa, and in forced labor was imposed on indigenouspeoples through slavery European interest in South africa stimulated by http://www.uwlax.edu/ereserves/cox/soc225/south_africa.htm
09 502A This course will survey the history of South africa, with emphases on indigenouspeoples, European colonization, the development East africa. xhosa Translator. http://www.stfrancis.edu/hi/southaf.htm
Extractions: Fall 1997 Instructor: Dr. Jeff Chamberlain Course Requirements Course Description ... Tentative Course Schedule Office: Tower Hall S317 Office Phone: Home Phone: Office Hours: M/W 11-12 Noon; T/R 9-10 AM E-mail Address: firstname.lastname@example.org see Dr. J.'s Homepage (with all of its silliness) Return to Table of Contents. This course will survey the history of South Africa, with emphases on indigenous peoples, European colonization, the development of Apartheid, and the "new South Africa." Return to Table of Contents. To give you a good overall understanding of the people, ideas, and events of the history of South Africa. To acquaint you with the principle issues and historiographical problems of the subject. To develop your ability to "do history" be working on research skills, critical thinking, and debate. To develop your communication skills (oral and written) by using discussion, presentation, and writing assignments. To acquaint you with the resources available for the study of this and other history topics on the World Wide Web.
Untitled 2. CONSTITUTIONAL HISTORY Southern africa was originally inhabited by indigenouspeoples whose main groups including Zulu, Sotho, xhosa and Tswana http://www.law.qub.ac.uk/humanrts/emergency/safrica/saf1.htm
Untitled some, such as the xhosa and Zulu of South Building on the traditional indigenoussystems These suggestions landscape will stimulate African peoples to divert http://cehd.ewu.edu/faculty/ntodd/GhanaUDLP/NationBuilding_Sundiata.html
Extractions: Nation Building in Modern Africa: Problems and Prospects Dr. John Addai-Sundiata Department of Sociology University of Cape Coast, Ghana email: John Addai-Sundiata Paper presented at Eastern Washington University Cheney, Washington May 1998 Click for Map of Africa Introduction: Africa's Past Africa is a huge continent which occupies 20% of the earth's land surface. Today, there are 52 sovereign nations on the continent, with about 2,00 tribal or ethnic societies, each of which has its own unique language, culture and traditions. some, such as the Xhosa and Zulu of South Africa, Yoruba and Hausa in Nigeria, or Ashanti and Dagomba in Ghana, occupy thousands of square miles, while other tribes are small in numerical strength and territory. The population of Africa in 1987 stood at 600 million (U. S., 244 million) out of which 50% were 15 years old or less. Again, the majority are peasants, and the average literacy rate is ca. 57%, but then, the variations differ from one country to the other. Geographically, Africa is said to be the oldest continent and it bears topographical imprints to that status. It is also acknowledged as the cradle of human civilization, and this is evidenced by Louis Leakey's discoveries in East Africa in 1924 of the fossilized remains of the creative Proconsul, identified by evolutionary scale, which lived some 25 million years ago. Later discoveries of Homo habilis ("skillful man") and Australopitheus Africanus (about 2 million years ago). who, as the forerunners of Homo Sapiens (modern man), lay the foundations of XXXX civilization in the Olduvai Gorge in Tanzania.
Arthur's S. A. Clipart The indigenous people clipart with special thanks to Barbara Arthur's South AfricaPeoples and Places. GIF WARRIOR.GIF, windmill.gif windmill.gif, xhosa.gif xhosa http://www.fortunecity.com/victorian/dante/944/peoplecol.htm
Extractions: Topics : Environment Search: Countries Topics Africa Guide Suggest a Site ... Reqires free registration to access. Was a virtual game preserve which closed down. Read the first part of the webcam's rise videoing live from waterholes in the Djuma Game Reserve (South Africa). The site hopes to reappear. In the meantime Djuma operates two Web cams at http://www.djuma.co.za
South African Languages | Khoesan Languages languages; and (iii) sign language ; and (b) promote and ensure respect for (i)all languages commonly used by communities in South africa, including German http://www.cyberserv.co.za/users/~jako/lang/khoesan.htm
Extractions: There are two extinct South African languages from the same family and subgroup, these being Xirigowap and !Goragowap, known in English as Griqua and Korana respectively. It is possible that there are isolated unidentified individuals who still speak these languages as an L1. There are no communities who speak these extinct languages.Khoekhoegowap is an ancient language, related to others from its family, such as Naro to the east and Khwedam to the north. However Khoekhoegowap is distinct and not mutually intelligible.
AAC Database - Full View Of Document Sourasky Central Library. Full View of Document. To mail a Bibliographicrecord to your Email account. System No, 1532777. Author, Kidd, Dudley. http://valeph.tau.ac.il/ALEPH/ENG/TAU/AAC/AAC/FULL/1532777