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         Albanian Culture:     more detail
  1. Women Who Become Men: Albanian Sworn Virgins (Dress, Body, Culture Series) by Antonia Young, 2001-08-01
  2. Studies in Modern Albanian Literature and Culture by Robert Elsie, 1996-01-15
  3. Albanian Culture: Religion in Albania
  4. Studies in Modern Albanian Literature and Culture.: An article from: World Literature Today by Janet Byron Anderson, 1997-03-22
  5. Albanian Literature: Culture of Albania, Mehdi Bardhi, Gjeke Marinaj, Encyclopedia of Albanian Art, Puthja E Fundit
  6. Albanian Folklore: Culture of Albania, Zana E Malit, the Tale of the Eagle, E Bukura E Dheut, Tomor, Prende, Perendi, Verbti, Djall, Shurdi
  7. Albanian Mythology: Culture of Albania, Gjergj Elez Alia, Zana E Malit, Bolla, Xindhi
  8. ALBANIA: An entry from Macmillan Reference USA's <i>Countries and Their Cultures</i> by ROBERT ELSIE, 2001
  9. A Dictionary of Albanian Religion, Mythology, and Folk Culture by Robert Elsie, 2000-12-01
  10. ALBANIAN AMERICANS: An entry from Gale's <i>Gale Encyclopedia of Multicultural America</i> by Jane Jurgens, 2000
  11. Thesare te kultures popullore; Tresors de la culture populaire albanaise (Treasures of Popular Albanian Treasures) [Albanian and French language] by Feride; ill. Mehmeti, Gezim, and Refik Veseli Papleka, 1980
  12. Vengeance is Mine: Justice Albanian Style by Fatos Tarifa, 2008-04-15
  13. Illyrian Prehistorical Culture in Albania by Aristotel Koka, 1985-11
  14. Turkey in Europe by Sir Charles Eliot, 2010-04-13

21. Dr. Robert Elsie - Curriculum Vitae
Robert Elsie is the author of numerous books and articles, in particularon various aspects of albanian culture and affairs. He
Home Interpreter / Translator Curriculum vitae My publications ... Albanian authors
Robert Elsie
Curriculum vitae
Robert Elsie was born in 1950 in Vancouver, Canada. He studied at the University of British Columbia, graduating in 1972 with a diploma in Classical Studies and Linguistics. In the following years, he continued his post-graduate studies at the Free University of Berlin, at the Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes

22. Culture
conquered the Balkans. Despite the foreign influences, albanian cultureretains a remarkable degree of homogeneity. Under Ottoman rule
Country Info Albania Introduction Albania General Data Albania Maps Albania Culture ... Albania Time and Date Albania Culture Back to Top Albania’s distinctive culture also borrows from the Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, Turks, Slavs, and Italians, who conquered the Balkans. Despite the foreign influences, Albanian culture retains a remarkable degree of homogeneity. Under Ottoman rule (16th century to 20th century), Turkish and Greek Orthodox stories and myths played an important part in Albanian folklore. Tales were passed down through the generations in the form of heroic songs, legends, and epics. This oral tradition helped the native language and national identity survive until written texts emerged. The oldest known document in the Albanian language dates to 1462. In the late 19th century, under Ottoman rule, the brothers Naim and Sami Frasheri developed an underground Albanian literature by combining linguistic purity and patriotism. The government has made a conscious effort to encourage and preserve the nation's rich folk life. There are some 4,300 cultural institutions of various sorts in the country. The National Library, as well as the State Choir and the Opera and Ballet Theatre, are located in Tiranë. Albania's best-known writer is Ismail Kadare, a novelist and poet whose writings have been translated into some 30 foreign languages. Cultural development in general, however, has been handicapped by restrictions on freedom. Under more than four decades of communist rule, the government imposed strict censorship on the press, publications, and the performing arts, and these restrictions were not eased until as recently as 1990.

23. Welcome To  Culture, Travel And More
Information on albanian culture, fine arts, literature, music, sports,travel, activities, customs, history and more. Information
There is a mailing list with current information on Albanian culture and activities. Please visit Please Vote for this site - Only one click! (it will open a new window, so you can keep browsing this site ) " The star of our youth, the symbol of beauty in appearance and in mind, a dear friend and a companion - a great artist of the world..." said Stefan Zweig in regard of Alexander Moissi , a great actor of European and world theatre. 1905- 1935. Photos from all corners of Albania. In the left there's a picture from Saranda, the pearl of the Ionnian Sea. The Picture of the week The history of Albania Chosen articles from the most important Albanian intellectuals, including: Sami Frasheri, Faik Konica and Eqerem Cabej. Click here 12 Pictures taken from ancient munoments demonstrate the power of the Illyrian culture. Click here Albanian folk and pop music in mp3. Free tracks from Ardit Gjebrea, Laver Bariu, Eli Fara and more. Download here Information on hotels and lodging in Albania is available here A total guide of the Albanian cities. To learn more about their history and see some great photos please

24.  Shkodra
On the boulevard of Shkodra is the Popular Museum with objects of artizanat (handmade) and depositions of albanian culture and costumes.

Refinance now homeowner even if you have bad credit. 185 loc
The city of Shkodra Shkodra is the centre of Northern Albania. It is situated near the lake of Shkodra and the rivers of Drini, Kiri and Bojana. Shkodra has been the capital of Illyria when Agroni was the Emperor in the II century b.c. It was then invaded by Romans, Bulgarians, Serbs and Ottomans. On the boulevard of Shkodra is the Popular Museum with objects of "artizanat" (hand-made) and depositions of Albanian culture and costumes. In the house of Pashko Vasa, a legendary writer, is the museum of the League of Prizren . There is much information on the life of the writer and all the documents of the League of Prizren, who fought in the Congress of Berlin for the Independence of Albania. Shkodra has been the centre of Northern Albanian culture for all times. In 1555 the first document of Albanian language was written here by Gjon Buzuku. The castle of Rozafa, built in the period of Agron, is a demonstration of the importance of this city. The people of Shkodra are very pleasant. They are very friendly, and their language is beautiful. They speak a pleasant dialect, well-known all over Albania.

25. Topica Email List Directory
Welcome, Welcome, welcome, Penar Musaraj, 07/27/99. albanian culture, PenarMusaraj, 08/12/99. I'm dismayed!!! RE albanian culture, LAILA LALANI, 08/27/99.

26. European Youth Magazine Albanian Poems
The Abetare is often felt to be synonymous with the Albanian language, poets frequentlyeven using it as a metaphor for albanian culture and education as a
April 2002
European Youth Online Magazine
Young people in Europe
About the poems by Albanian schoolchildren
By Lumnije Jusufi These four poems were written by pupils at a secondary school in the village of Zajaz: I am small I am small
And in my seventh year
Can read well
In the Abetare * With boundless joy
Reading story upon story
And poem upon poem
About the place I call home I go to school,
Learn with all my might
And yet further increase My parents' delight By Lindita Dervishi Jam e vogël Jam e vogël Shtatë vjeçare Lexoj mirë Në abetare Lexoj vjersha E tregime Me dëshirë Për vendlindjen time. Shkoj në shkollë Dhe mirë mësoj Prindërit e mi Shumë i gëzoj. Lindita Dervishi Note: Abetare The "Abetare" is the book from which the Albanian schoolchildren in the first class at primary school learn to read and write. Its status is very different, though, from the German primer (elementary textbook). The Abetare is often felt to be synonymous with the Albanian language, poets frequently even using it as a metaphor for Albanian culture and education as a whole. I love my native country I love my native country And respect it profoundly

Despite the foreign influences, albanian culture retains a remarkabledegree of homogeneity (sameness in composition). Literature
English [Francais] [Italiano]
Art, culture, literature
Albania’s distinctive culture also borrows from the Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, Turks, Slavs, and Italians, who conquered the Balkans. Despite the foreign influences, Albanian culture retains a remarkable degree of homogeneity (sameness in composition).
Art and Architecture
Painting in Albania was strongly influenced by Byzantine art in the Middle Ages (5th century to 15th century), although by the end of the early Renaissance (15th century to 17th century) Italian influence was strong. The painting of icons (religious symbols) grew as a form of both public, or displayed, art and folk art. The style of icon painting, created in the mid-18th century, remained virtually unchanged through the early 20th century. Notable Albanian artists of the 20th century include Vangjush Mijo and Androniqi Zenge, both of whom are credited with introducing Western-style impressionism to Albania in the mid-1930s. Odhise Paskal, another 20th-century artist, sculpted Albanian heroes. Folk arts today include clothing decorated with delicate silver ornaments, wood-crafted items for the home, and woolen rugs.
The oldest architectural monuments in Albania date from the 1st millennium BC and were constructed by the Illyrians. From the middle of the 1st millennium BC through the middle of the 1st millennium AD, the Greeks and Romans who occupied Albania built structures still visible in urban and rural landscapes. In the Middle Ages, Christian religious architecture emerged in Albania’s Christian north while Islamic and Turkish-style architecture emerged in the south. Until the mid-20th century, most Albanian cities were dominated by two-story stone residences with tiled roofs. In wooded regions, houses were made of boards rather than stone; in coastal regions, they were clay, adobe, or reed with coatings of clay. Today, mass-produced Soviet-style housing predominates in urban and suburban settings while traditional architecture predominates in rural and mountainous regions.

28. Art-culture
Association Tirana 2000, Publication of the annual “albanian culture 2000”,$7050. F.Lubonja, Publication of the magazine “Perpjekja”, $1680.
ART-CULTURE PROGRAM The art-culture program during the year 2000 supported the initiatives that aimed at the creation of alternative cultural sites as well as the development of independent cultural structures. Support was given to important national and international events, aiming at the same time at an efficient circulation of cultural and artistic values. The events in various districts of the country were a priority in terms of the circulation of values. A series of projects gave prioritized support to the participation of the young in the country’s artistic and cultural life, as well as to their further training and TRAINING. In this framework, sponsoring was offered to the publication of the "Aleph" magazine, which gathers around itself a group fo talented young people striving to bring their voice in literature and the arts. The experience of several years of the program has enabled the assumption of a pro-active stance with the other donors in the field of art and culture. Its is not accidental that the most prestigious institutions active in this field were co-donors of a good part of the projects. INSTITUTION BUILDING AND EMPOWERMENT Academy of Arts Black Box stage hall Academy of Arts lek Institute of the monuments of Culture Restauration of the icons in the Onufri Museum League of artists and intellectuals Fier Bylis Theater, Fier

29. Arvanitet -- By Irakli Kocollari
Over the last two centuries, Albanians under the Ottoman Empire were forced tomaintain a low profile while a more modern albanian culture was beginning to
(This Book Review originally appeared in the August/1995 issue of LIRIA) Book Review ARVANITET By Irakli Kocollari Published in the Albanian language by Albinform, Tirane, Albania. (May be purchased from Rexh Xhakli, 3235 Grand Concourse, Bronx, NY 10468. $10) Reviewed by Dr. Arben Kallamata 1992 Neiman Fellow at Harvard University and 1994 Fulbright Scholar at Boston University Albania is a nation rich in history but, regrettably, not in historians. Over the last two centuries, Albanians under the Ottoman Empire were forced to maintain a low profile while a more modern Albanian culture was beginning to take shape. The role of Albanian historian was first assumed by writers, patriots, and important nationalistic figures such as Naim Frasheri and Fan Noli who each wrote versions of the history of Skanderbeg, Albania's 14th century folkhero, to revive the patriotic spirit in Albanians and to remind the world of just how much Western civilization owed to that small nation. It was only in the past five decades that certain attempts were undertaken to develop an historical synthesis of Albania but even these activities were greatly controlled by the rigid isolationist policy of the former communist government. However, there is another side to this saga derived by seeing Albanians through the eyes of foreigners and that is the author's overemphasis of Albanians as superb fighting machines at the expense of their other noble qualities. It certainly cannot be denied that Albanians have always distinguished themselves as a brave and courageous race and as a people forced by history to preserve their fighting spirit and to keep their arms handy for their own self-preservation.

30. Frosina Formed In Boston
born in Korça, Albania, and brought to Boston at the age of one year by his parentsbefore WWII, has been a longtime supporter of albanian culture and history
THE FROSINA FOUNDATION FORMED IN BOSTON TO ASSIST ALBANIAN EMIGRES TO AMERICA Ad Agency Prexy Closed Shop after 33 Years to Head New Organization The Frosina Foundation, Inc., a non-profit, charitable organization, was recently formed in Boston, Massachusetts by Albanian-American advertising executive, Van Christo, for the purpose of providing assistance and counsel to persons of Albanian origin arriving in the USA from Albania, the Kosova region of Serbia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, and other countries of Europe having significant Albanian populations. After almost 50 years under the most repressive communist government in Europe, Albania finally achieved democracy in 1992 with the election as President of Dr. Sali Berisha who was then-head of Albania's newly-formed Democratic Party. Travel restrictions outside of Albania were soon eased, and the first Albanians began arriving in the USA almost immediately. Many emigres had discovered that they held American derivative citizenship so they were eager to secure American passports in order to assume residence in the USA. However, because of the sudden influx of Albanians to America and the small size of the resident Albanian-American population, the new emigres found there were no institutions in place anywhere that were prepared or equipped to offer them assistance. To fill that vital need, Christo formed The Frosina Foundation which he named after his late mother who was, herself, an Albanian immigrant to the USA.

31. LINGUIST List 11.1558: Albanian Language, Liturature And Culture
In 1991 the imposed Serbian rule oriented against the albanian culture andeverything Albanian had interrupted the activities of the Seminar.
LINGUIST List 11.1558
Sun Jul 16 2000
Confs: Albanian Language, Liturature and Culture
Editor for this issue: Please keep conferences announcement as short as you can; LINGUIST will not post conference announcements which in our opinion are excessively long.
    Date: Sun, 16 Jul 2000 12:29:18 -0700
    THE NINETEENTH INTERNATIONAL SEMINAR FOR ALBANIAN LANGUAGE, LITERATURE AND CULTURE Faculty of Philology 38000 Prishtina, KOSOVA Informations concerning the Seminar: - BY ELECTRONIC MAIL: - mailto: mailto: mailto: Mail to author Respond to list Read more issues ... Top of issue
  • 32. Albanian Academy Of Sciences, Institute Of History
    in the Middle Ages The Albanian principalities The development of the cities ofthe civilization and of the albanian culture in the Middle Ages The religious
    Departments The department of the history of the Middle Ages and of the Ottoman period Department of the History of Renaissance The Department of the History of Independence and consolidation of the Albanian state Department of Modern History The Department of History of the Ethnic Lands and Diaspora The department of the history of the Middle Ages and of the Ottoman period The present activity Conducts studies on the following topics: The Albanian lands and the ethnic spread of the Albanians in the Middle Ages
    The barbarian invasions, the relations of the Illyrians and Albanians with them
    The Albanians and the Slavs
    Albania and the Western world
    Albania in the framework of the Byzantine Empire
    The economic and political processes among the Albanians in the Middle Ages
    The Albanian principalities
    The development of the cities of the civilization and of the Albanian culture in the Middle Ages
    The religious problem and the religious diversity of the Albanians
    Social, economic, demographic features of the Albanian lands during the Ottoman rule

    33. ALBSA-Info Info Page
    Its existential goals are the following to promote albanian culture, history andtraditions, - to organize and unite students of Albanian descent and those
    ALBSA-Info Albanian Student Association (Boston, MA, USA) About ALBSA-Info English (USA)
    ALBSA-Info: Albanian Student Association
    The ALBSA e-mail list was created to uphold the
    constitutional goals of the Albanian Student Association.
    ALBSA is a non-profit organization without political or religious affiliations. Its existential goals are the following:
    - to promote Albanian culture, history and traditions,
    - to organize and unite students of Albanian descent and those interested in Albanian culture, history, and traditions,
    - to provide support and role models for Albanian
    - to become involved in causes of concern to the
    Albanian people, - to establish and maintain connections with other groups of similar interests and goals throughout the world. The ALBSA e-mail list has an informative character. We welcome: - any news releases related to Albanians wherever they are, - news related to problems and concerns of the Albanian nation, - international news of interest to Albanians, whether directly, or in principle, - relevant job, scholarship, or fellowship postings

    34. Free Albin Kurti Now
    by the massive Albanian majority in his southern province, Mr Milosevic soughtto advance Serbian culture there and repress the albanian culture as much as
    Thursday, June 18, 1998
    Albanian students get more radical
    Students are now more concerned about Kosovo's independence than on their university rooms, Mark Brennock reports from Pristina
    As violence continues throughout Kosovo, Lulezon (24) is about to sit his final exams in computer science and telecommunications.
    However, as one of Kosovo's ethnic Albanians who make up 90 per cent of the province's population, his university education has been far from ordinary.
    As large parts of Pristina's official university campus lay idle, Lulezon has been attending lectures in private houses in the town for the past three years. In 1991 up to 1,000 Albanian professors and teaching assistants, 200 administrative workers and 27,000 students were forcibly expelled from the university buildings by Serbian police. The same happened in schools.
    Their offence had been to continue teaching and studying through the Albanian language, ignoring Serbian President Milosevic's 1991 edict that from then on teaching at the university would be conducted in SerboCroat (they call it Serbian since the break-up of Yugoslavia). Constantly alarmed by the massive Albanian majority in his southern province, Mr Milosevic sought to advance Serbian culture there and repress the Albanian culture as much as possible.

    35. CER | Leading Albanian Arts Director Ousted
    Edi Muka has been the most effective PR agent for contemporary albanian cultureand the Geneva Anderson, 9 December 2000. photo Albanian Ministry of Culture.
    Vol 2, No 43
    11 December 2000 CER INFO
    front page


    our awards

    CER cited
    e-mail us
    year 2000

    year 1999

    by subject

    by author
    ... search MORE ebookstore pbookshop music shop video store ... links Tirana's Latest Pyramid Scheme ICC Director Edi Muka dismissed Geneva Anderson When Edi Muka, the director of Tirana's International Center of Culture (ICC), Albania's first and only center for contemporary art and culture, was fired by the Minister of Culture on 5 December without reason, it was a setback for the emerging Albanian art scene. It was also a signal from the powers that be that individual initiative can be very threatening and may not be rewarded. 31-year-old Muka—a well-known activist, curator and contemporary art teacher at Tirana's Fine Arts Academy—is credited with invigorating art in post-Communist Albania. Under Muka, the ICC, or "Pyramid," developed as a high-energy environment that entertained and educated the public with a constant array of exhibitions and arts performances, many of which were international in scale. In Muka's absence, the center may lose the financial support for its USD 100,000 Soros-funded Mediatheque, slated to open this January, and it will most likely lose its international reknown, the very lifeblood, along with funding, of an international contemporary institution in a transitional society such as Albania.

    36. Central Europe Review - Albanian News Review
    Organised by the albanian culture Ministry and the Italian corporation Enel,the concert was broadcast live by Albanian national television.
    Vol 2, No 26
    3 July 2000 CER INFO
    front page


    sponsor us

    e-mail us
    year 2000

    year 1999

    by subject

    by author
    ... search MORE bookshop music shop video store conferences ... links News from Albania All the important news since 26 June 2000 Artur Nura Europe calls for fair elections The Council of Europe (CE) has passed a resolution calling for fair elections in Albania. In answer to Albanian concerns about upcoming local elections, the Council came out in support of the electoral law passed by the leftist parliamentary majority and is calling on all political parties to accept the election results. The law has been rejected by most of the opposition parties. Democratic Party Reform Group (DPRG) member of parliament Genc Pollo praised the CE monitors' report while voicing some objections about the electoral law, but Vili Minarolli, a representative of Sali Berisha's Democratic Party, expressed stronger objections on points that had not been considered by the CE. The Council's report also praised the progress made by Albania despite the grave economic and social crisis of 1997, brought about by the collapse of massive pyramid schemes and by the Kosovo crisis of 1999. According to the CE, Albania has managed to establish state authority over the entire country. At the same time, the council called on Albanian authorities to prove to the international community that they are doing their best to find and bring to justice those responsible for the murder of Democratic Party Deputy Azem Hajdari.

    37. MCL
    Albania /; Albania / WorldSkip. Culture /;Culture /; albanian culture; The Aromanians in
    General Information Art, Culture and Literature News and Media Articles

    38. Dr
    For study purposes the research on Islamicm culture among Albanians, as part ofthe overall albanian culture, has been construed in four planes, reflecting
    Dr. RAMIZ ZEKAJ THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE ISLAMIC CULTURE AMONG ALBANIANS DURING THE XX TH CENTURY chapter ii chapter iii chapter iv download the text in Microsoft Word
    translated by Illyrian Network:

    "We Albanians, be from any religion, are all brothers on our country. We will always be going nice and in peace with each – other, as we are going, we will work together for the prosperity of our nation, and we will protect it with our blood. Hafiz Ibrahim Dalliu "We have three religions, but only one Fatherland, one brotherly blood, one language, one sun and One GOD. Our main duty is the unity and the protection of our fatherland." Mulla Idris Gjilani Table of Contents contents Foreword CHAPTER I The antireligious policy and its consequences on the islamic culture during the 20 th century The stand of foreign policies regarding the albanian cause Forced convertion The expropriation of Albanian lands The persecution of Islamic clerics and the destruction of Islamic religious institutions The first sign of reaction to the communist danger The confrontation with communism The state and its war against the religion The confiscation of the religious properties Cleric’s reaction The anti-religious war continues CHAPTER II The albanian islamic education in albanian territories Primary education The Islamic secondary education

    39. CSEEES - Albania
    interested in learning about the country recipes, folktales, art, book and musicreviews, articles galore on many aspects of albanian culture, and even a
    main page About the CSEEES Undergraduate Slavic Studies Graduate Slavic Studies ... Exploring the Region: Links to Websites Albania Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus Bosnia ... Yugoslavia
    click here to see Albania's flag
    click here to see a map of Albania full name: Republic of Albania
    local name:
    Albanian (official dialect - Tosk), Greek
    currency: 1 lek (L) = 100 qintars
    independence: 28 November 1912 (from Ottoman Empire)
    total area: 28,750 sq km
    comparative area: slightly smaller than Maryland
    borders: Greece, Macedonia, Serbia and Montenegro
    population: 3,330,754 (July 1998) life expectancy: male 65.58 years, female 71.94 years general travel language culture ... Albania - A Country Study If you're looking for a comprehensive description of the history and current situation of Albania, then this government document is for you. It's extremely detailed and neatly organized, so any information is easy to find. Being a government page, it also has an abundance of information on Albania's industrial, military and political systems. Albania - Land of the Eagles Created, it seems, by the Democratic Party of Albania, this page is also replete with basic facts about the country, as well as legal information and photos of Albanian refugee camps.

    40. Albanian_resources
    Albania Overview of albanian culture with information and articles on the language,literature, and history. Also has photos and related links. History
    Resources for Students and Instructors of Albanian
    History, culture, language, maps, photographs. A good starting point.
    Collection of maps. In this index there are historical, ethnic, CIA, and satellite view maps of Albania and Albanian inhabited lands in the Balkans.
    Language and Literature - Contains examples of Albanian literature and information about the language. In English, Albanian and German. Albania - Overview of Albanian culture with information and articles on the language, literature, and history. Also has photos and related links.
    Albania - Land of the Eagles - History - Features an overview of the small Balkan country's growth from its ancient Illyrian roots to the end of the communist era.
    Information and publications on the language.

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