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         Algerian Government:     more books (45)
  1. Colonialism and After: An Algerian Jewish Community (Critical Studies in Work and Community) by Elizabeth Friedman, 1988-03-30
  2. The Tongue's Blood Does Not Run Dry: Algerian Stories by Assia Djebar; Translator-Tegan Raleigh, 2006
  3. ALGERIA - The Algerian Model.: An article from: APS Diplomat Strategic Balance in the Middle East
  4. Albert Camus the Algerian: Colonialism, Terrorism, Justice by David Carroll, 2007-04-13
  5. The Invention of Decolonization: The Algerian War And the Remaking of France by Todd Shepard, 2006-04-06
  6. CONSEIL NATIONAL DE LA RéVOLUTION ALGéRIENNE (CNRA): An entry from Macmillan Reference USA's <i>Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa 2</i> by John Ruedy, 2004
  7. Algeria: An entry from Charles Scribner's Sons' <i>Africa: An Encyclopedia for Students</i>
  8. Women in the Algerian liberation struggle by Marie Aimée Hélie-Lucas, 1989
  9. Text of the appeal addressed to the Algerian people ... Tunis, June 20, 1960 by Ferhat Abbas, 1960
  10. Yugoslavia and the struggle for liberation of the Algerian people by Branko Savić, 1962
  11. The Algerian Gas Negotiations (Fpi Case Studies.) by I. William Zartman, 2000-10-31
  12. Gross negligence dressed up in Legalese: Restrictive interpretations on "agents of persecution' and their impact on Algerian asylum seekers in German and France (Issue Brief) by Steven Edminster, 1999
  13. The Algerian problem: Address ... before the Political Committee of the U.N. General Assembly on Feb. 4, 1957 (France. Ambassade. U.S. Service de presse ... Speeches and press conferences) by Christian Pineau, 1957
  14. The Algerian revolution / Messali Hadj by Messali Hadj, 1956

21. - Algerian Government Bans Protest
algerian government bans protest demonstrations in capital. AbdelazizBouteflika, (VOA), by Sonja Pace, VOA CAIRO, June 19, 2001 The,3,3442.jsp

22. Aviation Safety Network: Algerian Government Safety Profile
algerian government airline algerian government country Algeria. ASN SAFETYDATABASES. 03MAY-1982, Gulfstream, 7T-VHB, algerian government, 14, Iran, ACCID.

23. ASN Aircraft Accident Description 03 MAY 1982 Algerian Government Gulfstream 7T-
Accident description Date 03 MAY 1982. Type Gulfstream Aerospace G1159 GulfstreamII. Operator algerian government. Registration 7T-VHB. C/n 230. Year built

Occurrence: Other
Damage: Written off
Status: Date 03 MAY 1982 Type Gulfstream Aerospace G-1159 Gulfstream II Operator Algerian Government Registration 7T-VHB C/n Year built Crew 4 fatalities / 4 on board Passengers 10 fatalities / 10 on board Total 14 fatalities / 14 on board Location Qotur ( Iran Phase Nature Executive Departure airport Destination airport Tehran-Mehrabad Airport (THR) Remarks
The Gulf was en route from Cyprus to Tehran at FL370 with the Algerian foreign minister on board when it was shot down by fighter aircraft. The crew had been warned by the Air Defence Radar operator who requested the pilot to return to Ankara.
Source (also check out sources used for every accident)
Aviation Safety Network
; last updated March 23, 2003

24. Militants Massacre Civilians, Algerian Government Says
RAIG R. WHITNEY, Militants Massacre Civilians, algerian governmentSays, New York Times, August 30, 1997 PARIS One of the worst
RAIG R. WHITNEY, "Militants Massacre Civilians, Algerian Government Says," New York
Times, August 30, 1997 PARIS One of the worst massacres in almost five years of war between the military-backed authorities in Algeria and
their militant Muslim opponents took the lives of at least 98 inhabitants in hamlets south of Algiers overnight, the Algerian
government said Friday. Witnesses and hospital workers told journalists that as many as 300 might have been killed in a night of carnage when
armed attackers moved in and slit the throats of men, women and children, leaving the heads of some of the victims on
their doorsteps after they left. Algerian journalists who went to the scene, in the village of Rais near Sidi Moussa, an Islamic stronghold that has been the
site of many smaller killings in the past, reported seeing scores of burned bodies, some of them decapitated, lying in the
streets Friday morning. The authorities blamed the Armed Islamic Group, a militant organization spawned after the army's cancellation of an
election in early 1992 that the now-banned Islamic Salvation Front appeared certain to win. The civil war that followed

25. Algerian Government Massacres Muslims
algerian government Massacres Muslims On The algerian government hasresorted to these horrendous measures for clear reasons. She
Algerian Government Massacres Muslims
On the night of 28th - 29th August 1997, Algeria witnessed one of the most horrific massacres to take place during six years of violence, in which over 300 Muslims were killed. Most of the victims were women (some of them pregnant), babies and the elderly. Some had their throats cut with cold steel and others had their stomachs ripped open, while over forty young girls and women were kidnapped, raped and then savagely killed. Since the 25th of July, the number of people killed has reached over a 1,000 victims. The latest crime took place on the 23rd of September in the Eastern Algerian suburb of Baraki in which as many as 200 were butchered.
The Algerian government and those who support them attribute these massacres to what they call the ‘Terrorists’, meaning the Islamic movements.
The Algerian government has resorted to these horrendous measures for clear reasons. She is severely shaken by the massive popular desire to see Islam return as a ruling system in Algeria. This is a matter that she or her Western masters cannot accept. She hopes if she succeeds in her extreme measures to defame Islam, the Muslims may return to the Kufr system instead, either in the form of the democratic elections or the United Nations. These are the dreams of the desperate, for all her efforts have served only to remind the Muslims of the government’s enmity of Islam and the urgency for Algeria to return to the Islamic rule, the Khilafah.

26. Algeria
singer. Aslovi, Leila Former algerian government Minister. AssiaDjebar Algerian novelist, poet and film maker. Attaf, Ahmed Former
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  • Abada, Mustapha
    • Algerian TV journalist and director of Algerian State TV
    Abbas, Ferhat
    • Former Prime Minister of Algeria
    Abdelghani, Mohamed Ben Ahmed
    • Former Prime Minister of Algeria
    Abdelhai, Beliardouh
    • Algerian journalist
    Abdelhalim Rais
    • Algerian actor
    Abderrahmani, Mohamed
    • Algerian journalist and editor-in-chief
    Abdessalam, Belaid
    • Former Prime Minister of Algeria
    al-Afghani, Tayeb
    • Algerian Political Leader
    Ahmed, Fethi Baba
    • Algerian musician
    Ahmed, Rachid Baba
    • Algerian music producer
    Aichi, Houria
    • Algerian singer
    Ait Ahmed, Hocine
    • Algerian Nationalist and Political Leader
    Ait Elhara, Meriem
    • Algerian multi-media artist
    • Algerian theatre director
    Allalou, Mohamed
    • Algerian boxer
    Allouache, Merzak
    • Algerian film director
    Alloula, Abdelkader
  • 27. BBC NEWS | Africa | US Military Aid For Algeria
    The United States has said that it will supply equipment to help thealgerian government in its fight against Islamic militants.
    You are in: Africa News Front Page Africa Americas ... Programmes SERVICES Daily E-mail News Ticker Mobile/PDAs Text Only ... Help LANGUAGES EDITIONS Change to UK Tuesday, 10 December, 2002, 12:03 GMT US military aid for Algeria
    The Algerians have been fighting a bloody war
    By Keith Somerville
    BBC News Online The United States has said that it will supply equipment to help the Algerian Government in its fight against Islamic militants. The US has been critical of Algeria's human rights record but since 11 September 2001, Algeria has pledged support for the US anti-terrorism campaign and relations have become closer. Algeria has been ravaged by 10 years of violence The announcement of military aid was made by Assistant Secretary of State William Burns during a visit to Algiers. He said the US was drafting a proposal to congress on increasing military aid to assist Algeria's counterterrorism capabilities. No aid was given to Algeria by the US between 1992 and 2001, because of the cancellation of the 1992 elections and the subsequent violence between government forces and supporters of Islamic groups. That violence continues despite vigorous government military action, amnesties for the Islamists and this year's elections.

    28. U.S. Committee For Refugees: Algerian Violence Reaches New Heights
    Shortly after canceling elections, the algerian government outlawedthe FIS and arrested thousands of its members and supporters.
    Algerian Violence Reaches New Heights Violence has escalated to new heights in Algeria during the past two years. Few days pass without a report of another ruthless massacre by armed "Islamic" groups in an Algerian village, a bomb attack in Algiers or Ohran, or the assassination of a government official, journalist, or artist. Algeria's crisis began in 1992 when the Algerian military-dominated government canceled elections that the Islamic Salvation Front (FIS), Algeria's main "Islamic" opposition group, was poised to win. Shortly after canceling elections, the Algerian government outlawed the FIS and arrested thousands of its members and supporters. Since then, the "Islamic" opposition, which itself has splintered into many factions, has waged a war against the Algerian government, and increasingly against the Algerian population itself. The fighting has claimed as many as 100,000 lives since 1992. In September 1997, the Armed Islamic Group (GIA), a loose coalition of the most radical and ruthless Algerian opposition groups, claimed responsibility for the violence, calling the recent massacres "an offering to God," and pledging to continue. Increasingly during the past two years, armed opposition groups have attacked villages in the countryside, brutally massacring all their residents, men, women, and children alike. Certain groups within the Algerian populace have become the favored targets of the armed opposition. The armed opposition has attacked those seen as instruments of the Algerian state or whose lifestyles deemed to conflict with "Islamic" values. Women, particularly those leading western lifestyles, have disproportionately suffered, often becoming the victims of rape, kidnapping, and murder. Members of the Algerian government and security forces and their families, political activists, journalists, and artists have also been targeted. Armed "Islamic" groups also have resorted to murdering young men of draft age simply because they were eligible for military service and could be deployed against the opposition cause.

    29. USCR: 1999 Country Reports: Algeria
    workers. algerian government officials contend that the death toll is26,000. experts. The algerian government declined the request.
    Other information Buy Publications Online Search by Country Search by Region Africa South and Central Asia Middle East Europe
  • Algeria Uncounted thousands of Algerians have fled their homes to seek official or unofficial refuge from Algeria's domestic political violence. Tens of thousands of Algerians have sought official asylum in Europe. Hundreds of thousands more Algerians, according to some estimates, have fled to Europe without filing for official asylum. Some 100,000 to 200,000 Algerians were internally displaced in Algeria at year's end, but reliable estimates of their numbers were virtually impossible because the international community had no access to the country's conflict zone. Algeria hosted approximately 84,000 refugees at the end of 1998, including about 80,000 from Western Sahara, and 4,000 Palestinians. Most refugees previously in Algeria from Mali and Niger completed their repatriation in 1998. Pre-1998 Violence Widespread violence has wracked Algeria since 1992, when the military forced Algeria's thenpresident to resign, canceled elections that the Islamic Salvation Front (FIS) was poised to win, banned FIS as a political party, and jailed many of its leaders. The Islamic Salvation Army (AIS), an armed group affiliated with FIS, responded by launching an armed campaign. Since that time, government forces and various armed groups, including the AIS, have fought a brutal conflict that has killed 60,000 to 120,000 people, according to a range of estimates by journalists and human rights workers. Algerian government officials contend that the death toll is 26,000.
  • 30. ALGERIA
    poetry. At that time, the algerian government accused both the FrenchSDECE and the American CIA of being behind the uprising. Today
    ALGERIA: Media Continuing to Ignore Repression of Berbers by Rabah Seffal ** The American news media are supposed to be the freest in the world. Yet many major media outlets failed to report on the Algerian paramilitary’s recent brutal repression of the Amazigh people (also known as Berbers). Since April 18, there have reportedly been more than 80 people dead and several hundred injured among the thousands of demonstrators who have protested for more than 40 days the brutal killing, while in police custody, of an 18-year-old Massinissa Guermah, a high school student.
    Forty Years of Repression
    The Amazigh people, the original inhabitants of North Africa, number more than 25 million, with the majority living in Morocco and Algeria. Romans, Carthaginians, Vandals, Byzantines, Arabs, Spaniards, Turks, and the French have successively invaded and occupied North Africa. After France lost Algeria as its colony in 1962, the Amazigh people, who were at the forefront of the war of independence, faced an Algerian Arabization program aimed at the eradication of all thinks Amazigh. For forty years, they have refused to abdicate their rights to their language, culture, and identity.

    I hope that in future all journalists who wish to come here will be able to doso. Such transparency is very much in the algerian government's interest.
    EU/TROIKA MISSION TO ALGERIA: STATEMENT BY MR FATCHETT (PRESIDENCY PRESS RELEASE OF TUESDAY 20 JANUARY 1998) (UK Presidency on the Internet - The Presidency issued the following statement made by Foreign Office Minister Derek Fatchett at the end of the EU Troika Visit to Algiers. 'It is good to see the media gathered here for this Press Conference. The dramatic events in Algeria and the suffering of the Algerian people have aroused strong feelings not only here but among the people of Europe and the rest of the world. The world's media have an essential role in covering these events, in which governments of the international community and the public at large have a keen interest. I hope that in future all journalists who wish to come here will be able to do so. Such transparency is very much in the Algerian Government's interest. I have come here today with my colleagues from the EU Troika and Commissioner Marin in a spirit of partnership with the people of Algeria. People across Europe have been united in their horror and their grief at the massacres in Algeria over the last few weeks. The aim of our mission has been to continue the political dialogue between Algeria and the EU, picking up from where we left off when Foreign Minister Attaf met Luxembourg Foreign Minister Poos in November. Robin Cook agreed with Mr Attaf that our mission should discuss all matters relevant to ending the suffering of the Algerian people. That is exactly what we have done. We have listened to all the points that the Algerian Government wanted to put to us, including their concerns about terrorism. We have also had meetings with representatives of all four opposition parties in the Parliament, the Algerian Observatory on Human Rights, the Algerian Red Crescent, and editors of the four leading newspapers in Algeria. It has been a full programme, and we are grateful to all those we have seen for the time they have taken giving us their assessment of the complex problems their country faces. Sadly during this short visit we have not been able to express our sympathy for the Algerian people symbolically as well as orally, for instance by laying a wreath or by visiting victims or their families. We hope that future visitors may have the chance to do so. We have repeated the European Union's offer to help in a humanitarian way will remain on the table if the Algerian Government want our help. My colleagues and I came to Algiers with four key objectives: 1) to continue the current political dialogue with the Algerian Government, and to speak to the official opposition, to identify if and how Europe might help relieve the Algerian people's suffering; 2) to provide a public demonstration of the goodwill and fellow feeling of the people of Europe for their Algerian neighbours, and European solidarity at the terror and pain which the Algerian people are having to endure; 3) to condemn terrorism in all its forms, wherever it is perpetrated, and to assure the Algerian Government of Europe's determination to prevent terrorist attacks and bring terrorists to justice; 4) to improve our understanding of the problems faced by the Algerian Government and its people so that the General Affairs Council of Foreign Ministers may have a better informed discussion on how the European Union could react to the recent violence and what it might do to help. On all these fronts we have made progress today. The Algerian Government have understood that we had no hidden agenda here. They have taken our visit in the spirit in which it was intended: a spirit of partnership with the Algerians in which we can speak to each other frankly. There has been a lot for us to mull over today. Our task now will be to think hard about what we have learnt and to report to our Foreign Ministers. As Presidency, Foreign Secretary Robin Cook will chair the General Affairs Council on 26 January which will consider that report. A number of points have emerged from our discussions today. I would like to mention five: 1) To maintain the impetus of the EU's political dialogue with Algeria I have invited Foreign Minister Attaf to visit Britain later in our Presidency. I am delighted that he has accepted in principle. 2) We stressed that the dialogue was an open one in which all subjects could be discussed. We registered the EU's sympathy with the people of Algeria. The Algerian Government underlined its interest in cooperation on the economic and social fronts, and further discussion on what might be done in the area of terrorism. 3) We also discussed human rights. We reiterated the EU's view that it is in Algeria's interest to be open about the situation here. We had hoped that the Algerian Government would agree to issue an invitation to the UN Special Rapporteurs from Geneva to visit, but they were not ready to do so. We regret this. 4) The EU intends to engage more closely with Algeria. During today's discussions, the European Commission have made encouraging progress on plans to reopen its delegation in Algiers. Austria also has plans to reopen its mission in Algiers before assuming the Presidency of the EU in July. 5) As part of the EU's continuing engagement with the people of Algeria and our encouragement of a democratisation process conducted by President Zeroul, we have agreed with the Algerian Government to increase the number of exchanges between Algerian Parliamentarians and their European counterparts. This will be a two-way flow. For instance, there are already plans for a delegation of women MPs from Algeria's National Assembly to visit Britain in February. European Parliamentarians will also visit Algiers the same month. These discussions are an important step. As Presidency, Britain looks forward to taking the political dialogue with Algeria further. I am convinced that an open partnership with commitment from both sides, represents the best chance of success.' ENDS

    32. Blunkett Must Decide Fate Of Algiers Suspect
    The case raises serious questions about the role of the crown prosecutionservice, whose lawyers have been acting for the algerian government.
    Blunkett must decide fate of Algiers suspect Richard Norton-Taylor, The Guardian (UK); Thursday February 14, 2002 David Blunkett, the home secretary, has to decide by tomorrow whether an asylum-seeker sentenced to death in his absence should be extradited to Algeria. The case raises serious questions about the role of the crown prosecution service, whose lawyers have been acting for the Algerian government. Its sole evidence against the man is a confession extracted by an alleged witness who was executed after being tortured. Abdelghani Ait Haddad is wanted by the Algerian authorities in connection with a bombing at Algiers airport in 1992 which killed nine people and wounded 123. The evidence against him consists of allegations made by Hossein Abderrahim, a member of the Islamic party, the FIS, which had just won elections. He was one of several people arrested after the bombing. Abderrahim allegedly mentioned Mr Haddad's name to the police when he was interrogated in connection with the bombing. Abderrahim was executed in 1993. The Algerian government did not mention this in its original extradition request.

    33. Terrorist Case Collapses After Three Years
    when an MI5 informant refused to appear in court after evidence which senior ministerstried to suppress revealed that algerian government forces were involved
    Terrorist case collapses after three years Richard Norton-Taylor, The Guardian (UK),Tuesday March 21, 2000
    An unprecedented three-year terrorist case dramatically collapsed yesterday
    when an MI5 informant refused to appear in court after evidence which
    senior ministers tried to suppress revealed that Algerian government forces
    were involved in atrocities against innocent civilians.
    In a case that has implications for the terrorism bill now going through
    parliament, Judge Henry Pownall ruled at the Old Bailey that evidence of
    MI5's source was vital to the defence.
    Without it, he said, there would be no admissible evidence to back up the
    defendants' claims. The alleged terrorists, their lawyers argued, had sent
    material to Algeria in self-defence against Algerian government forces. The prosecution - which earlier admitted that the security services had bugged a conversation between the three Algerian defendants and their lawyer at the Belmarsh top security prison in south-east London - offered no further evidence.

    34. Letter To The Atlantic Monthly Re: Algerian Massacres
    Roger Kaplan's claim that the algerian government bears little or no responsibilityfor the many thousands of killings usually attributed to Islamic extremist
    Demographic, Environmental,
    Security Issues Project
    Letter to the Atlantic Monthly Re: Algerian Massacres
    by Ronald Bleier Note: The following letter was mailed to the Editor of the Atlantic Monthly on August 31, 1998. Apparently the editors have chosen not to publish it. To the Editor: Roger Kaplan's claim that the Algerian government bears little or no responsibility for the many thousands of killings usually attributed to Islamic extremist groups since the cancellation of the 1992 elections ("The Libel of Moral Equivalence," August 1998), seems another case of Muslim bashing rather than a serious attempt at political analysis. Kaplan's article would have been more persuasive had it included a consideration of increasing popular opposition to 30 years of kleptocracy, mismanagement, corruption, and oppression by the Algerian ruling elite. The reason that the Islamic opposition party was poised to win in the 1992 elections involved as much a rejection of the ruling party as it was an embrace of strict Islamic rule. Nor does Kaplan mention the imprisonment, torture and killings of many of the more moderate opposition leaders who might have participated in power sharing arrangements. The resulting vacuum left the field to many of the more inexperienced and extremist Islamic leaders, some of whom were coopted by agents of the government Security services.

    35. Keesing's Worldwide Online - Hot Topics: Harkis
    over 200,000, the harkis maintained that they received insufficient assistancefrom the French Government and also attacked the algerian government for its
    Home About Us Print Products Electronic Products ... Trial Overview Hot Topics: Harkis July 1991 Violent disturbances erupted during June and July in the Mediterranean port of Narbonne, among groups of Harkisethnic Algerians who had acquired French citizenship after fighting for France in the Algerian independence struggle. Protesting against what they described as years of neglect by the French authorities, young militants among the 420,000-strong community engaged in repeated clashes with police, and some 15 people were injured on July 23-25. Despite efforts by older Harkis to moderate the militant groups, and despite government promises to examine their claims, racial tensions continued to grow as the month progressed. On July 24 a group of paratroopers received suspended sentences in nearby Carcassonne for attacking North African immigrants with clubs. September 1975 Kidnapping of Algerians by "Harkis". - Government Proposals to phase out "Harki" Camps In addition to the difficulties described above, Franco-Algerian relations also had to contend with the problem of the "harkis "-the Moslem Algerians who had fought on the French side during the war of independence, had opted for French nationality and had since lived in France, mostly in southern French ghettoes. Numbering (with their dependants) over 200,000, the harkis maintained that they received insufficient assistance from the French Government and also attacked the Algerian Government for its policy of refusing them entry except on a case-by-case basis and for refusing to let members of their families still in Algeria join them in France.

    36. Algeria´s Government, Politics - International Relations - Foreign Policy - Pol
    In 1986 the French Government cooperated with the algerian government by expelling13 members of the MDA, and in 1986-88 it suppressed three MDA newspapers

    Home page
    Arab Info Algeria Info Algeria History ... Links to Algeria
    Algeria - Government, Politics
    In 1986 the French Government co-operated with the Algerian Government by expelling 13 members of the MDA, and in 1986-88 it suppressed three MDA newspapers that were being published in France.
    In 1987 the Algerian Government agreed to release the assets of former French settlers, which had been "frozen" since independence, and to allow former settlers to sell their land to the Algerian State; in return, financial assistance was provided by France.
    Alleged Islamist militants residing in France continued to be prosecuted, and in August 1994, following the killing of five French embassy employees in Algiers, 26 suspected Algerian extremists were interned in northern France;
    20 of them were expelled to Burkina Faso. In September the French embassy in Algiers confirmed that entry visas would be issued to Algerians only in exceptional cases.
    By November, when the number of French nationals killed by Islamist militants in Algeria had reached 21, the French Government was urging its citizens to evacuate Algeria. An Air France aircraft was hijacked in Algiers in December by members of the GIA, resulting in the deaths of three passengers and, later, in the killing of the hijackers by French security forces when the aircraft landed in Marseilles, France. In retaliation, the GIA "declared war" on France.
    Morocco imposed entry visas on Algerian nationals in August 1994, following the murder of two Spanish tourists in a Moroccan hotel, allegedly by Algerian Islamist extremists. Algeria reciprocated by temporarily closing the border between the two countries and imposing entry visas on Moroccan nationals.

    37. Editorial Imazighe And The Algerian Government
    EDITORIALS. EDITORIAL A Point of View. Imazighe and the algerian M. Ferkal. translated Imazighe and the algerian government. On

    38. CPJ Protests
    algerian government Places Restrictions on the Foreign Media.
    Algerian Government Places Restrictions on the Foreign Media Help Protest This Attack on the Press Protest Index
    April 9, 1999
    His Excellency Liamine Zeroual
    President of the Democratic and Popular Republic of Algeria
    c/o His Excellency Ambassador Lamamra Remtane
    Embassy of Algeria
    2118 Kalorama Rd., N.W.
    Washington, DC 20008
    Your Excellency,
    On the occasion of Algeria's upcoming presidential election next week, as the international media prepare to cover events inside the country, the Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ), writes to express deep concern about ongoing government restrictions on foreign journalists who report from Algeria.
    For several years, CPJ has documented continued government strictures on the freedom of movement of foreign reporters inside Algeria. Algerian authorities have systematically enforced a policy of providing mandatory armed government escorts for foreign reporters-a policy which has severely curtailed the ability of journalists to carry out their work. Reporters have consistently noted that the presence of escorts, who accompany reporters to all destinations outside of their hotels, prevents them from conducting serious investigative journalism in Algeria, including carrying out sensitive interviews and meeting with opposition figures. CPJ views such limitations on the press as clear infringements on the universally accepted right of journalists to "seek, receive, and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers," as guaranteed by Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

    39. Online NewsHour: Algerian Crisis -- October 1, 1997
    And definitely, I would urge the algerian government to take a much more activerole in intervening when the massacres begin and not let them occur for hours
    October 1, 1997
    NEWSHOUR TRANSCRIPT Since 1992, Algeria has been crippled by political violence, with over 60,000 deaths resulting from massacres, assassinations and bombings. Although one of the armed rebel groups scheduled a truce to begin today, it is unclear whether violence will in fact end. After a background report by Charles Krause, a journalist and a professor analyze causes and possible solutions to the crisis. A RealAudio version of this segment is available. NEWSHOUR LINKS: January 22, 1997
    A conflict between Muslim fundamentalists and the Algerian government
    continue to extract a price from this African nation.
    Browse the NewsHour's coverage of Africa. OUTSIDE LINKS Amnesty Internationl Condemns Algerian Killings An overview of Algeria
    CHARLES KRAUSE: Some 60,000 people have died and thousands more have been injured as a result of the political violence that’s consumed Algeria since 1992. Massacres, assassinations, and bombings have become a fact of daily life as Islamic militants battle Algeria’s secular government for control of what was once one of North Africa’s most peaceful and sophisticated countries. The bombings began five years ago shortly after Algeria’s first free election since it gained independence from France in the early 60's. Algeria’s leading Muslim Party, called the Islamic Salvation Party, or FIS, won a stunning victory in the first round of voting. But then Algeria’s military-backed government voided the results and installed its own president to stop the religious party from taking power. Islamic militants have been battling the government ever since. Much of the violence has reportedly been initiated by a shadowy force called the Armed Islamic group, one of several armed guerrilla groups operating in the country today.

    40. The Mediterranean
    The official algerian government’s explanation that ‘they were killedby Islamic terrorists’ did not entirely clarify the situation.

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