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         Algerian Government:     more books (45)
  1. We are and will be with the Algerian people and with those who interpret its revolutionary will: Speech delivered on June 26, 1965 by the Prime Minister of the Revolutionary Government of Cuba by Fidel Castro, 1965
  2. ABBAS, FERHAT [18991985]: An entry from Macmillan Reference USA's <i>Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa 2</i> by Phillip C. Naylor, 2004
  3. Imperial Identities: Stereotyping, Prejudice and Race in Colonial Algeria (Society and Culture in the Modern Middle East) by Patricia M. E. Lorcin, 1999-07-16

that is unreliable, and the conclusions are based on assumptions at variance withthe known facts of the confrontation between the algerian government and FIS.

62. Algerian Eradicationists Exposed By Killing Of FIS Leader Hachani
The algerian government and press, instinctively secular and proFrench, unanimouslyaccused the shadowy so-called Islamic Armed Groups (GIA), of Hachani's
Algerian eradicationists exposed by killing of FIS leader Hachani By Mustapha Shirazi Abdelkader Hachani, a senior leader of the banned Algerian Islamic Salvation Front (FIS), was assassinated in Algerian capital, Algiers, on November 22. Hachani was shot in the chest several times as he was leaving a dentist's clinic. His assassin was not captured. Thousands of Algerians attended his funeral two days later. The Algerian government and press, instinctively secular and pro-French, unanimously accused the shadowy so-called Islamic Armed Groups (GIA), of Hachani's assassination. These groups have been blamed for all the massacres of civilians since 1994, which most Algerians believe to have been carried out by the Algerian government's French-trained counter-insurgency commandos in order to punish the Algerians for giving their votes to an Islamic party. Hachani was released from jail two years ago, as part of the process by which the Algerian government has tried to restore the facade of normal politics in the country. However, FIS has remained banned, and Hachani was subjected to harassment and intimidation. In a letter to Algeria's Interior Minister on October 28, 1999, Hachani complained that he has been shadowed closely by agents of the Algerian political police, the notorious SEcuritE Militaire. FIS sources say that the full text of the letter will be published soon, along with other evidence of the dirty activities of the Algerian regime. Abdelkader Hachani was outspoken about the situation in Algeria and was constantly harassed for his views by the generalsthe holders of 'real power' behind President Bouteflika, whom they had brought to power to cover up for them. Hachani had voiced support for an international commission of inquiry into the still on-going massacres of civilian populations, but the generals have consistently rejected the idea of an international inquiry, supported in so doing by France and other western governments. He also refused to deal with the military authorities; about a month before his death, he was summoned by the political police to 'start a dialogue' with them; this he refused to do, saying that any dialogue would have to be with Algeria's political leaders.

63. Reader Submitted Articles. - Feel Free To Submit Your Work Here. - Politics - Ht
US Weapons for Algeria a Huge Mistake By Brian J. Mistler The United States'plan to sell weapons to the algerian government has the potential to incite
Rachel Alexander

Lewis J Goldberg

Frederick Meekins

Doug Patton
The Other Side


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Tools Article Submission News Reader Submitted Articles. Feel free to submit your work here. A CITIZEN'S RESPONSE by Tomas B. Phillips "....I believe that no man or group of men is good enough to be trusted with uncontrolled power over others. And the higher the pretensions of such power, the more dangerous I think it both to the rulers and to the subjects..... If we must have a tyrant a robber baron is far better than an inquisitor. The baron's cruelty may sometimes sleep, his cupidity at some point be sated; and since he dimly knows he is going wrong he may possibly repent. But the inquisitor who mistakes his own cruelty and lust of power and fear for the voice of Heaven will torment us infinitely because he torments us with the approval of his own conscience...." C.S. Lewis, Of Other Worlds I was going through my mail the other day and came across a letter from the office of Congressman Charles B. Rangel, dated February 6, 2003. Normally I consider my post-box a mere way-station for such material on its way to the local landfill. However, something compelled me to open this particular

64. Algeria
of the Commission were to end without a strong expression of concern about the humanrights situation in Algeria and a public algerian government commitment to
The Commission on Human Rights Must Act Now
The annual meeting of the Commission on Human Rights is now more than half over, yet atoundingly there has been no movement whatsoever to address the human rights situation in Algeria, one of the gravest human rights crisis facing the international community today. It is imperative that member states of the Commission take an immediate initiative to table a resolution that establishes a mechanism to investigate the situation in Algeria. It is completely unacceptable that the Commission would allow Algeria's rejection of any human rights inquiry as the last word. This would not only reward Algeria's intransigence, but would signal other states that such declarations of impunity carry no price at all from the paramount international human rights body. Many of the 53 member states have expressed the view that it would not be credible if this session of the Commission were to end without a strong expression of concern about the human rights situation in Algeria and a public Algerian government commitment to allow fact-finding missions by the U.N. Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions and by the Special Rapporteur on torture. In fact, Algeria has slammed these doors shut rather than opened them in the slightest. Many governments have indicated that they would feel compelled to vote for a resolution on Algeria on these issues should one be tabled. But no government has been willing to put one forward. Our four organizations call on member governments of the Commission, and especially the E.U. meeting today in Brussels, to instruct their delegations to table, as a matter of greatest urgency, such a resolution.

65. Agricultural Investment Opportunitie
On April 26, 2001, the algerian government adopted a Programme of Supportto Boost the Algerian Economy covering the period 20012004.
Partnership and Investment Opportunities in
Algeria’s Agricultural Sector
Once the core of the Algerian economy, the totally privatised agricultural sector, today represents 12 percent of Algeria's Gross Domestic Product. It has a turnover of $8 billion and employs 21% of its workforce. Algeria’s main crop production includes cereals (2.4 million tons), citrus (360 thousand tons), dates (300 thousand tons), legumes (47 thousand tons), grapes, and olives. Algeria’s agricultural exports amount to $30 m b illion mainly to the European Union countries (60%). Because of occasional drought, and in spite of an annual 4% increase in its agricultural output, Algeria has a rather low degree of self-sufficiency in food production, except for red meat, fruits, and vegetables. The shortfall applies in particular to cereals (65%), dairy products (58%), legumes (70%), coffee, tea, and sugar (100%). To meet the needs of its growing population, Algeria relies on imports, whose annual average value, between 1996 and 1999, amounted to $2.5 billion and included the following commodities: grain products (35%), dairy products (15%), sugar (10%), vegetable oil, tea, coffee, and spices (6.5%), and legumes In this respect, the United States is one of Algeria's most important trading partners. According to the US Department of Commerce, in 2000 the US exported over $250 million in agricultural products to Algeria. In 1997, 94% of Algeria's imported maize and 74% of its imported wheat came from the United States.

66. William Pomeroy, Algerian Crisis Worries The Western Powers
Reaching for support, the algerian government has submitted to terms of the InternationalMonetary Fund and the World Bank, which serve the interests of the
Date: Fri, 7 Mar 97 14:33:59 CST
From: (Peoples Weekly World)
Subject: Algerian crisis worries the western powers **Algerian crisis worries the western powers**
Algerian crisis worries the western powers
By William Pomeroy, in People's Weekly World, 8 March, 1997
The prolonged crisis in Algeria, and the inability of the army-backed regime of President Liamine Zeroual to "exterminate" an Islamic fundamentalist guerrilla rebellion, as it has pledged to do, is causing increasing concern among western powers for which the North African country has economic and strategic importance. Moves toward intervention from outside, to bring about a negotiated settlement, have begun to develop. At this point, who it would benefit is not certain. Algeria has massive reserves of oil and gas, in which western companies have continued to invest on a large scale and which are being brought into production under contract with the state energy monopoly, Sonatrach, regardless of the warfare in the country. As it happens, the oil and gas are in the distant southern part of Algeria, with vast desert separating it from the heavily-populated northern coastal strip where the armed struggle is taking place. Well-guarded by the Algerian army, the producing areas are relatively secure from attack by the fundamentalists who lack the logistical means to raid across the desert where they'd be vulnerable to air attack. However, while big transnational companies may be flocking to invest in the resources of the south, at a time when oil prices are high, the embattled north has major attraction for globalizing western commercial and industrial interests. The vast proportion of the Algerian population of 30 million that it contains embodies, in transnational eyes, virtually a virgin market, ready for exploitation.

67. Maghreb Weekly Monitor
The reformist figures in the algerian government are continuing their crusade toconvince a reluctant political and economic establishment to speed up the
Algeria - Reforms Reformists Put Pressure for Further Privatization By Arezki Daoud The reformist figures in the Algerian government are continuing their crusade to convince a reluctant political and economic establishment to speed up the reform process. Their top representative, minister of reforms Temmar has been leading the charge and warned that because corporate debts are so high all state companies, including banks are at risk. Speaking last week before parliament Temmar draw a gloomy picture regarding state-owned enterprises. He characterized the state of the large companies such as steal maker Alfasid, industrial vehicle manufacturer SNVI and public works equipment maker ENMTP as "extremely grave." Taking Alfasid's case, Temmar reported that the company's insolvency is now threatening the bank that provided it loans. Temmar spoke of drafting a rescue plan by providing more funds to troubled companies. A number of rescue commissions will be established and will include representatives of targeted companies, their creditors, finance ministry officials, and trade union representatives.

68. Algeria: UN Human Rights Committee Blasts Human Rights Recor
a UN mechanism, in expressing its concern about the serious human rights crisis,has issued concrete recommendations to the algerian government for measures it

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News Service: 148/98
AI INDEX: MDE 28/30/98
31 JULY 1998
Algeria: UN Human Rights Committee blasts human rights record

Amnesty International shares the grave concerns about the human rights situation in Algeria, expressed by the UN Human Rights Committee in their conclusions announced today, and welcomes the Committees recommendations.
For the first time a UN mechanism, in expressing its concern about the serious human rights crisis, has issued concrete recommendations to the Algerian Government for measures it should take to stop and prevent grave violations, Amnesty International said.
If these recommendations are implemented this could certainly help to address the very grave human rights crisis in Algeria. During the two-day examination of the Governments report last week, the Committee repeatedly expressed concern about the serious human rights crisis in Algeria and about violations by government forces, including disappearances, secret detention, torture and extrajudicial executions, and about the existence and role of militias armed by the state. The Committee stated that: Widespread and indiscriminate attacks against the civilian population, involving the loss of innumerable lives, and a general climate of violence heighten the responsibility of the State party to re-establish and maintain the conditions necessary for the enjoyment and protection of fundamental rights and freedoms in Algeria.

69. Global Insight // Perspective
The algerian government has recognized the need for greater social protection ofthe country’s middle class, whose purchasing power has eroded significantly
Algeria’s New Budget Law Middle East and Africa
Subscribe to Perspectives
our weekly newsletter.
The National Popular Assembly (APN) recently approved Algeria’s draft 2003 budget. The new budget is based on a prudent oil price assumption of $19/barrel and an average exchange rate of 80 Algerian dinars per dollar. Government revenues are estimated to decline to 1,451.45 billion dinars next year, while expenditures are projected at 1,711.11 billion dinars, resulting in a budget deficit at 5.8% of GDP, up significantly from the targeted 2.4% for 2002. The ruling National Liberation Front (FLN), which won a majority of seats in May’s parliamentary elections, and the National Democratic Rally (RND) voted in favor of the original budget draft, rejecting most of the amendments proposed by opposition parties. These opposition parties—including the Workers’ Party, the Movement for National Reform, and Islah—have criticized the proposed reference oil price as too low, arguing a more appropriate assumption would be $22/barrel. Finance Minister Mohamed Terbèche argued that the uncertainty and instability of international oil markets justified the need for a prudent price assumption. Although we expect oil prices to weaken in 2003 relative to 2002, they should be closer to the $22/barrel benchmark. If this is indeed the case, the budget deficit could be as low as 2.7% of GDP; the extra oil revenues would flow into the revenues regularization fund and be used for repaying domestic debt and reducing the deficit.

70. World And I Subscription
c. What are two ways the algerian government is fighting terrorism? Howdoes the algerian government treat members of the foreign press?

71. MENU
of the Publications Coordination in Algiers, RSF issues a reminder that, in spiteof the commitments made by the algerian government, through Minister of

72. MENU
Highly credible Algerian sources had told that the algerian governmentwas not involved in these massacres, but rather, the government did not

73. Algeriets Säkerhetstjänst Ansvarig För Terror (971208)
Här ett sammandrag av Ronald Bleier, som också tillhandahåller hela texten påsin hemsida (se sist) algerian government RESPONSIBLE FOR MASSACRES AND OTHER
Leif Ohlsson Senaste

... Kommentarer
The Algerian government is accused of responsibility for bombings, massacres and other crimes that most news organizations have been attributing to Muslim extremists. These accusations come in testimony from a former career secret agent of Algeria's securite militaire who defected to Britain in 1995. According to a November 16, 1997 report in the Manchester Guardian Weekly, by reporters John Sweeney and Leonard Doyle, "Yussuf-Joseph," who spent 14 years working for the Algerian police state, accuses the government of Algeria
of responsibility for the massacres of tens of thousands of villagers and others in Algeria. He claims they are the work of secret police and army death squads. + He says that the killing of many foreigners was organized by the secret police, not Islamic extremists. + He claims that the "bombs that outraged Paris in 1995 blamed on Moslem fanatics were the handiwork of the Algerian secret police. They were part of a propaganda war aimed at galvanising French public opinion against the

74. RADIO ISLAM.Who's Behind Killings In Algeria? By Desert Man.
in Algeria? And why the algerian government Insists to oppose anyindependent investigation, as FIS proposed for some months ago.
HOME DEBATE. DEBATE DEBATE. Who's behind killings in Algeria? By Desert Man People seem to be ignoring or being unaware of the big picture behind what's going on in North Africa. No one ask who's gaining of the killings in Algeria? And why the Algerian government Insists to oppose any independent investigation, as FIS proposed for some months ago. The on-going violence is certainly not in the interest of the islamist and is only aimed to destroy their image, both nationally and internationally, and give the illegimate Algerian junta sympathy in international opinion. And why no attention is directed toward the role of the security forces, the government and the role of its western supporters? There's a ruthless competition going on between Anglophile and the francophile camps of the 'civilized' world for absolute domination of the African continent. US is looking for a proamerican poitical shift in the culturally and politically French dominated Algeria. This rivality is nothing new. 1994, the french-backed huttus massacred tutzies in Ruwanda and in 1996 the US backed tutzies massacred huttus as part of the anglo-american take-over of the french dominated Zaire. One million 'niggeres' killed here and there, one million niggers more or less, who cares. It's just statistics. Now the same tragedy is happeing to the Algerians, now much more near european borders. Now some arabs more or less... And Islam get the credit for the extremely Jaheliat behaviors! When married women get raped by savages the western media explain it with temporary marriage! I hope the racist blood-thirsty Europe just enjoy it. US government is surprisingly very silent, as in the case of drug-dealer Talibans abusing every human rights of innocent Afghans. Neither USA nor France want under any conditions see emergence of a free and independent Algeria. They have during 90-is tried any means to stop islamists to peacefully take-over the power.

75. Foundation For The Defense Of Democracies
The Armed Islamic Group was founded in early 1992 in response to thealgerian government’s decision to void the victory of the Islamic Salvation......

76. EAlgeria By Arabiata: Government And Official Websites
London. Algerian Embassy in the USA; Algérie Presse Service (APS) Official news from the algerian government. Benbitour's Government
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77. Chinese, Algerian Presidents Hold Talks
visit, Jiang said that during his visit to Algeria last year, he was moved andimpressed by the warm reception granted by the algerian government and people
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Friday, October 13, 2000, updated at 10:30(GMT+8) China
Chinese, Algerian Presidents Hold Talks
Chinese President Meets Algerian President Chinese President Jiang Zemin said Thursday that China is willing to work with Algeria to build up strategic and cooperative relations, and promote consultation and coordination with Algeria, so as to safeguard the rightful rights and interests of developing countries.
Jiang made the remarks during talks with Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika this afternoon, who is here for a week-long State visit to China and the China-Africa Cooperation Forum.
Bouteflika said that Algeria places great importance on its relations with China, and is ready to establish such relations with Beijing , so as to deal with challenges in the international arena. Extending a warm welcome to President Bouteflika, who is on his third China visit, Jiang said that during his visit to Algeria last year, he was moved and impressed by the warm reception granted by the Algerian government and people, adding that the Algerian people's friendly sentiment toward the Chinese people left him with a good impression of the Algerian people. Bouteflika congratulated Jiang on the success of the China-Africa Cooperation Forum, which ended in Beijing Thursday.

78. 09736
An Islamic extremist terrorist group, the Armed Islamic Group aims to overthrowthe secular algerian government and replace it with an Islamic state.

EDITORIAL NUMBER=0-09736 ARMED ISLAMIC GROUP TERRORISM Security forces in Algeria have killed one of the world's most dangerous terrorists. On February 8 th , Antar Zouabri [AHN-tar zoo-WAH-bree] was shot dead in a gun-battle in Boufarik [BOO-fahr-rik], near Algiers, the capital. Since 1996, Zouabri had been the leader of the Armed Islamic Group. An Islamic extremist terrorist group, the Armed Islamic Group aims to overthrow the secular Algerian government and replace it with an Islamic state. It began its campaign of terror in early 1992, after the government voided the victory of the Islamic Salvation Front in legislative elections. The Armed Islamic Group has massacred thousands of Algerian men, women and children, sometimes wiping out entire villages. Since 1993, it has targeted foreigners living in Algeria and killed more than one hundred mostly Europeans. In addition to car bombings and other forms of murder, the group specializes in kidnapping victims and cutting their throats. A splinter faction called the Salafi Group for Call and Combat emerged in 1998. Both terrorist groups continue to reject Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika's [ahb-dehl ah-ZEEZ boo-tah-FLEE-kah's] offer of amnesty to insurgents who surrender. A third terrorist group, the Islamic Salvation Army, accepted the amnesty and disbanded in 2000. The Algerian government estimates that terrorism by these groups has caused the deaths of more than one-hundred thousand people since 1992. The Armed Islamic Group and the Salafi Group for Call and Combat receive aid from Algerian expatriates. The Algerian government has accused Iran and Sudan of supporting Algerian terrorists. The Armed Islamic Group has been linked to Osama bin Laden's al-Qaida. Ahmed Ressam was convicted in April 2001 for plotting to bomb Los Angeles International Airport. According to Canadian authorities, Ressam was a member of a terrorist cell in Montreal connected to al-Qaida and the Armed Islamic Group. In 1998, he left Canada to attend an al-Qaida terrorist training camp in Afghanistan. Ressam later admitted that it was during this time that he began planning attacks on the United States.

79. PolicyWatch 542
Embattled by popular protests for more than two months, the algerian government in advance of President Abdelaziz Bouteflika's historic July 12 White House
Print this page. The Washington Institute for Near East Policy
Number 542 June 29, 2001 POPULAR UNREST IN ALGERIA:
By Mona Yacoubian
Embattled by popular protests for more than two months, the Algerian government in advance of President Abdelaziz Bouteflika's historic July 12 White House visit faces the most significant challenge to its authority in nearly a decade. Defying a recent government ban on protest marches, the Berber-led opposition has called for another demonstration on July 5, Algerian Independence Day. Meanwhile, tensions between the regime and Algeria's angry populace show little sign of abating, increasing prospects for a violent summer of discontent. Background
The April 18 death of a Berber teenager in police custody sparked the unrest. Demonstrations broke out in the predominantly Berber Kabyle region east of Algiers, and have since spread to Algiers, Annaba, Setif, and other cities. The last major protest held in Algiers on June 14 drew nearly one million protestors. The marches are among the largest since Algerian independence in 1962. Between 50 and 80 people are estimated to have been killed and 1,800 wounded since April. These disturbances come at a time when security concerns particularly those related to terrorism have diminished. In recent years, the government has brought extremist violence by Islamists largely under control. Islamist splinter groups continue to launch sporadic attacks, but violence is significantly less than during the conflict's nadir in 1993-1994. Algeria's ethnic Berber minority 20 to 30 percent of the country's 30 million people has long opposed the central authority. Over the years, their demands have focused on questions of identity and culture. In particular, Berbers have sought legal recognition of their language, Tamazight. The last major episode of Berber unrest occurred in the spring of 1980, termed the "Berber Spring."

80. PolicyWatch 298
Acts of terrorism by groups and individuals claiming to speak in the name of Islambegan in the mid1980s, when the algerian government began exploring ways to
Print this page. The Washington Institute for Near East Policy
Number 298 February 5, 1998
On February 3, 1998, H.E. Ramtane Lamamra, Algerian ambassador to the United States, addressed The Washington Institute's Policy Forum on the current state of Algerian politics and his country's battle against terrorism. Terrorism in Algeria: Contrary to most media reportage, the constitutional crisis in Algeria in 1991-1992 was not the engine that ignited terrorism. Acts of terrorism by groups and individuals claiming to speak in the name of Islam began in the mid-1980s, when the Algerian government began exploring ways to implement economic reforms and allow for the formation of free non-political associations. Militant "Islamist" organizations were already organized by the time of the cancellation of the second round of parliamentary elections in January 1992. A key impetus in this effort came from "Algerian-Afghans," returnees from the anti-Soviet campaign in Afghanistan, who formed the core of the armed wing of the Islamic Salvation Front (FIS), a fundamentalist umbrella organization. In June 1991, following the arrest of FIS's two main leaders, the organization launched an open confrontation against the government. Radicalism, claiming to operate in the name of Islam, has thrived in Algeria on the frustration arising from poor living conditions and social injustice. This frustration led to a massive protest vote in the December 1991 legislative elections. The FIS success prompted President Benjadid to resign, creating an institutional vacuum that made the completion of the electoral process virtually impossible. The Islamist groups then launched a full-scale campaign of terror in Algeria and abroad. In Europe, the terrorists undertook attacks in France and ran networks for collecting money and smuggling weapons. In this effort, Algerian terrorist cells linked to Iran, Afghanistan, and Bosnia were identified in France, Italy, Belgium, Spain, Germany, and the United Kingdom.

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