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  1. Arthritis - The Botanical Solution: Nature's Answer to Rheumatoid Arthritis, Osteoarthritis, Gout and Other Forms of Arthritis by Casey Adams PhD, 2009-10-23

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A comprehensive look at the topic ankylosing spondylitis ankylosing spondylitis In If you have ankylosing spondylitis ankylosing spondylitis is a ankylosing spondylitis ankylosing spondylitis PATIENT spondylitis.
Ankylosing Spondylitis Ankylosing spondylitis is a chronic and progressive autoimmune disease characterized by arthritis, inflammation, and eventual immobility of a number of joints. The disease usually involves the spine and surrounding spinal structures. Ankylosing spondylitis may also be referred to as Strümpell-Marie (or Marie-Strümpell) disease, Bekhterev-Strümpell syndrome, and spondyloarthritis. Anklylosing spondylitis usually begins between the ages of fifteen and thirty-five years. The disease affects young white males three times as frequently than women. Symptoms of the disease are generally milder among females. This disorder is seen rarely in people of color. Autoimmunity is one of the underlying factors in ankylosing spondylitis. For more information on anklylosing spondylitis or other autoimmune disorders, please click on the request information icon below. Information provided at this web site is of a general nature and is not intended to take the place of a physician's adivice It is vital that persons diagnosed with, or suspected of having, an autoimmune disease consult with their physician or with the appropriate division at a major teaching hospital, to assure proper evaluation, treatment and interpretation of information contained on this site.

2. Online Health Analysis: Conditions: Ankylosing Spondylitis
ankylosing spondylitis is an autoimmune disease which affects collagen structures,specifically the joints between the vertebrae of the spine.
Ankylosing Spondylitis Last updated: Jan 28, 2003 THE ANALYST TM Home FAQ Start The Analyst
Ankylosing Spondylitis
Conditions that suggest it
Contributing risk factors Other conditions that may be present It can lead to... ... Recommendations Ankylosing spondylitis is an autoimmune disease which affects collagen structures, specifically the joints between the vertebrae of the spine. The joints and ligaments that normally permit the spine to move become inflamed and stiff. The bones of the spine may grow together, causing the spine to become rigid and inflexible. Other joints such as the hips, shoulders, knees, or ankles also may become involved. Symptoms of ankylosing spondylitis appear most frequently in young men between the ages of 16 and 35. It is less common in women, whose symptoms are often milder and more difficult to diagnose. About 5% of ankylosing spondylitis cases begin in childhood; boys are more likely to have it than girls. When children develop ankylosing spondylitis, it usually begins in the hips, knees, bottoms of the heels or big toes and may later progress to involve the spine.
The gene is present in 8% of white Americans and 2-3% of African Americans. About 1% of the adult population has this condition and, as expected, the disease is three times more common in whites than in African Americans.

3. Ankylosing Spondylitis And The Spondyloarthropathies By Drdoc On-line
Reiter Syndrome. Enteropathic Arthropathy. ankylosing spondylitis. Reactive arthritis. Reiter Syndrome is felt to be related to an autoimmune phenomenon with molecular mimicry.
Spondyloarthropathy by drdoc on-line Index:
General :The Spondyloarthropathies

Ankylosing Spondylitis

Reactive arthritis

Reiter Syndrome
Enteropathic Arthropathy

Ankylosing Spondylitis
Reactive arthritis
Reiter Syndrome
Enteropathic Arthritis
Psoriatic spondyloarthropathy The Spondyloarthropathies are a group of disorders that share certain characteristics : 1. Arthritis - including peripheral arthritis and spinal involvement, usually involving also the sacroiliac joints. 2. They are Seronegative for Rheumatoid factor. 3. They may be involved with other medical problems - including... Psoriasis. Inflammatory bowel disease- ulcerative colitis or crohns disease. Post infective or reactive -to urogenital or gastrointestinal infections. Overlaps of these disorders may be seen. A strong genetic association with Class 1 HLA B27 gene (on chromosome 6) is described. Clinically they present with swelling of joints or an enthesopathy - inflammation of tendon insertions into bone. There is pain swelling and joint stiffness. The joint distribution depends on the subtype of the disease. Spinal involvement is characterised by sacroiliitis and inflammatory back pain. The latter consists of pain stiffness and progressive spinal restriction.

4. Ankylosing Spondylitis
ankylosing spondylitis ankylosing spondylitis is a chronic, progressive autoimmune disease characterized by arthritis, inflammation, and eventual immobility of a number of joints. ankylosing spondylitis. ( a.k.a. Strümpell-Marie Disease, Marie-Strümpell Disease,
Ankylosing Spondylitis
( a.k.a. Strümpell-Marie Disease, Marie-Strümpell Disease, Bekhterev- Strümpell Syndrome, Spondyloarthritis )
by Ron Kennedy, M.D., Santa Rosa, California
Ankylosing spondylitis may also be referred to as Strümpell-Marie (or Marie-Strümpell) disease, Bekhterev-Strümpell syndrome, and spondyloarthritis. It is a chronic, progressive autoimmune disease characterized by arthritis, inflammation, and eventual immobility of a number of joints. The disease usually involves the spine and surrounding spinal structures and usually begins between the ages of fifteen and thirty-five years and affects young white males three times as frequently as females. Symptoms of the disease are generally milder among females. This disorder is seen rarely in people of color. Conventional treatment involves the use of Prednisone and other corticosteroids. Often patients are unable to tolerate the toxic side effects of these drugs. The alternative, nutritional medicine approach is to identify hidden allergies by blood test and avoid those allergens (primarily foods). Also enzyme potentiated desensitization holds hope for putting the disease in long term remission.

5. Ankylosing Spondylitis A View On Its Cause And Treatment
have little or nothing in common. ankylosing spondylitis is not an autoimmune disease of the sort in which there
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Ankylosing Spondylitis: A view on its cause and treatment
Professor Jonathan Edwards
First posted July 2001
under construction
Ankylosing spondylitis is a condition which can lead to pain and stiffening in the spine and also to inflammation in joints in the arms and legs. Recognising ankylosing spondylitis often takes time because it may be disregarded either by the person affected or their doctor as simple backache. However, with a detailed story of the person's symptoms and an x-ray of the sacroiliac joints a rheumatologist should be able to make a clear diagnosis. Blood tests are not very useful. The information given below is intended chiefly for people who have been told they have ankylosing spndylitis by their doctor and may want to know more about its cause and treatment.
What sort of a condition is ankylosing spondylitis?
Although ankylosing spondylitis was at one time thought to be a variant of rheumatoid arthritis it is now clear that the two conditions have little or nothing in common. Ankylosing spondylitis is not an autoimmune disease of the sort in which there are antibodies to our own tissues. It seems more likely that a "volume control" on the way certain cells of the immune system generate inflammation is set too high. It could be seen as due to an overenthusiastic security system within the body. This may have advantages. It may provide better than average protection against "burglars", which for the body means infections. However, it also means that alarms go off in the middle of the night for no good reason. The exact mechanism is not clear, but probably will be by 2004.

6. Ankylosing Spondylitis
ankylosing spondylitis (AS) Background. AS is an autoimmune disease which affects collagen structures, specifically the Home SiteMap Education Products
Ankylosing Spondylitis
Sources: Research References/Bibliography
Knowledge gives a person many options for managing ankylosing spondylitis and they can then personally take charge of the effect this disease is having on their life.
Return to Main Arthritis Page
Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS) Background AS is an autoimmune disease which affects collagen structures, specifically the joints between the vertebrae of the spine. In most cases the cause remains unknown. The commonality of symptoms and cause makes for a close association between AS and rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
[The American Medical Association Encyclopedia of Medicine, 1989, p. 111-112] More than 400,000 Americans suffer from AS, and it is most commonly seen in young men between 16 and 35 years of age, and afflicts approximately 1 in 1,000 people under the age of 40. Three times as many males as females are diagnosed with the disease, but this may be because females tend to have much milder symptoms and may never be diagnosed. It also appears in children (mostly boys), who account for roughly 5 percent of the cases. It is rarely seen in African-Americans. A genetic marker or tissue type (HLA-B27) is found much more often in people with AS than in the rest of the population; but 80% of the individuals with this genetic marker never develop the disease. It's not enough to have the genetic tendency; usually there is some event that somehow "switches on" AS, currently studies are looking into the possibility that a certain type of infection triggers AS onset.

7. MedWebPlus Subject Diseases And Conditions Autoimmune Diseases
Web Sites A, , GO, created by, and for, people who sufferwith ankylosing spondylitis and all the other ailments that comes with it.

8. DIRECTORY.TERADEX.COM - Health/Fitness/Diseases/Musculoskeletal Disorders/Arthri
ankylosing spondylitis Extensive information on the causes, pathology, clinical features, investigations and treatment of this common autoimmune
Add your Web Site
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Search through: Entire site Ankylosing Spondylitis DIRECTORY Health/Fitness Diseases Musculoskeletal Disorders ... AS Support Group - For people who suffer with ankylosing spondyitis and all the other ailments that come with it. Offers communication, medical and support centers. About Arthritis - An in depth look at Ankylosing Spondylitis which is a systemic rheumatic disease. A look at what it is, the causes, symptoms and treatment. Ankylosing Spondylitis - Links to news, information, and support concerning this disorder. All About Arthritis - Ankylosing spondylitis is a rheumatic disease that affects the spine and can also cause symptoms in other parts of the body. Learn about its diagnosis and treatment. An AS Story - The personal experiences of living with Ankylosing Spondylitis, what it is and the reality of living with it. Ankylosing Spondylitis International Federation - World-wide roof organization, lists addresses and additional data of self-help societies of patients suffering from AS or related diseases in 30 countries. Ankylosing Spondylitis Scientific Research - Cross between nutrient and disease associations, scientific research information. Includes nutrient and lifestyle options and medical options and precautions.

9. The Health Library — Immune System
Anemia, Hemolytic. Inner Ear Disease, autoimmune. Anemia, Pernicious. Lichen Planus.ankylosing spondylitis. Lupus Erythematosus, Discoid. Antiphospholipid Syndrome.
Diseases and Disorders Use these links to jump directly to your topic of interest: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome Allergies Autoimmune Diseases General Immune System ... Transplantation Immunology Immune System: Page 1 Page 2 Autoimmune Diseases Autoimmune Diseases (General):MEDLINEplus Understanding Autoimmune Diseases:National Institute of Allergies and Infectious Diseases Frequently Asked Questions About Autoimmunity:American Autoimmune Related Diseases Association Coping With Autoimmunity:American Autoimmune Related Diseases Association ... Autoimmune Disease in Women:American Autoimmune Related Diseases Association Index to Specific Autoimmune Diseases Addison's Disease Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura Alopecia Areata IgA Nephropathy ... Wegener's Granulomatosis Antiphospholipid Syndrome Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome:Aetna InteliHealth Antiphospholipid Syndrome:Women's Health, UK Antiphospholipid Syndrome:American Autoimmune Related Diseases Association Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Chronic Fatigue Syndrome:MEDLINEplus Chronic Fatigue Syndrome:NIAID About Chronic Fatigue and Immune Dysfunction Syndrome:CFIDS Association of America Chronic Fatigue Syndrome:Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ... Chronic Fatigue Syndrome State of the Science Conference (2000):U.S. Dept of Health and Human Services [PDF] Chronic Fatigue Immune Dysfunction Syndrome:American Autoimmune Related Diseases Association Essential Mixed Cryoglobulinemia Essential Mixed Cryoglobulinemia:MedicineNet Cryoglobulinemia:Johns Hopkins Vasculitis Center Essential Mixed Cryoglobulinemia:American Autoimmune related Diseases Association Fibromyalgia

10. W Hat Is Ankylosing Spondylitis?
What is ankylosing spondylitis? ankylosing spondylitis is a condition that causes inflammation of the joints of the spine and of the joints between the spine and pelvis. This results in pain and stiffness in the neck and back. joints of the spine. Therefore . ankylosing spondylitis is often thought of. as an 'autoimmune disease' a disease in

of the body's own immune system in the absence of active infection is the hallmarkof an autoimmune disease. What are the symptoms of ankylosing spondylitis?
Get Five DVDs for $.49 each. Join now. Tell me when this page is updated FRIENDSHIP AND SUPPORT FOR ALL WHAT IS CHRONIC FATIGUE SYNDROME ... WHAT IS FYBROMYALGIA WHAT IS ANKYLOSING SPONDYLITIS WHAT ARE AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES WHAT IS CROHN'S DISEASE WHAT IS CHRONIC MYOFASCIAL PAIN SYNDROME WHAT IS DEPRESSION ... Home Friendship and Support for All WHAT IS ANKYLOSING SPONDYLITIS Ankylosing spondylitis is a form of chronic inflammation of the spine and the sacroiliac joints. The sacroiliac joints are located in the low back where the sacrum (the bone directly above the tailbone) meets the iliac bones (bones on either side of the upper buttocks). Chronic inflammation in these areas causes pain and stiffness in and around the spine. Over time, chronic spinal inflammation (spondylitis) can lead to a complete cementing together (fusion) of the vertebrae, a process called ankylosis. Ankylosis causes total loss of mobility of the spine.
Ankylosing spondylitis is also a systemic rheumatic disease. Therefore, it can cause inflammation in other joints away from the spine, as well as other organs, such as the eyes, heart, lungs, and kidneys. Ankylosing spondylitis shares many features with several other arthritis conditions, such as psoriatic arthritis, reactive arthritis, and arthritis associated with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Each of these arthritic conditions can cause disease and inflammation in the spine, other joints, eyes, skin, mouth, and various organs. In view of their similarities and tendency to cause inflammation of the spine, these conditions are collectively referred to as "spondyloarthropathies." For more information, please see the Psoriatic Arthritis, Reactive Arthritis, Crohn's Disease and Ulcerative Colitis articles of

Most doctors think that ankylosing spondylitis is an autoimmune disease in whicha person's immunity is so stupid that it attacks and destroys the joints in
(REACTIVE ARTHRITIS OF THE SPINE) Gabe Mirkin, M.D. If your back is stiff and hurts when you move, if it hurts to touch two points at the side of the top of your pelvis where it joins your spine (the sacroiliac joint), and if your back x ray shows signs of this disease, you probably suffer from ankylosing spondylitis. You may also have pain and swelling in your eyes, lungs, and heart valves. Most doctors think that ankylosing spondylitis is an autoimmune disease in which a person's immunity is so stupid that it attacks and destroys the joints in his back, rather than just doing its job of protecting a person from infection. They treat you with immune suppressants that may make you feel better, but increase your risk for infections and cancers and shorten your life. Nobody really knows why you have this condition, but the overwhelming evidence is that you inherited your susceptibility from your parents and you got this condition from an infection. When you are infected, your body protects you by making proteins called antibodies and cells called white blood cells that attack and kill the bacteria. Your immunity recognizes each specific germ by the structure of its surface membranes. Ninety percent of people with ankylosing spondylitis have a gene called HLA-B27, which means that their cells have surface membranes that are like the surface membranes on many bacteria, particularly those that grow and live in your intestinal tract. So, if certain bacteria get into your bloodstream, your immunity recognizes these germs by their surface membranes and makes antibodies and cells that attack and kill them. However, if the cells in your body have similar surface membranes, your own immunity can be fooled and think that you are the invading germ and attack and kill your own cells.

13. - The Green Pharmacy Herbal Handbook: Ankylosing Spondylitis
and cattle cartilage may help those of us with ankylosing spondylitis (AS componentof cartilage, may significantly reduce the symptoms of autoimmune forms of
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FOR BOOK TITLE: Introduction to the Green Pharmacy Ch.1 Introduction to the Green Pharmacy Ch.2 Entering the Green Pharmacy Ch.3 Putting Safety First Ch.4 Shopping and Harvesting the Green Pharmacy Ch.5 Using the Green Pharmacy Ch.6 Aging Ch.7 Allergies Ch.8 Altitude Sickness Ch.9 Alzheimers Disease Ch.10 Amenorrhea Ch.11 Angina Ch.12 Ankylosing Spondylitis Ch.13 Arthritis Ch.14 Asthma Ch.15 Athletes Foot Ch.16 Backache Ch.17 Bad Breath Ch.18 Baldness Ch.19 Bladder Infections Ch.20 Body Odor Ch.21 Breast Enlargement Ch.22 Breastfeeding Problems Ch.23 Bronchitis Ch.24 Bruises Ch.25 Bunions Ch.26 Burns Ch.27 Bursitis and Tendinitis Ch.28 Cancer Prevention Ch.29 Canker Sores Ch.30 Cardiac Arrhythmia Ch.31 Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Ch.32 Cataracts Ch.33 Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Ch.34 Colds and Flu Ch.35 Constipation Ch.36 Corns Ch.37

14. Juvenile Ankylosing Spondylitis - Lucile Packard Children's Hospital
type of autoimmune disease (a condition in which the body's own defenses begin toattack the body's cells). Treatment for juvenile ankylosing spondylitis The
Day Hospital
Rheumatology Clinic


Pediatric Arthritis and Other Rheumatic Diseases
Juvenile Ankylosing Spondylitis
What is juvenile ankylosing spondylitis?
Juvenile ankylosing spondylitis (JAS) is a type of arthritis that affects the spine and the sites where the muscles, tendons, and ligaments are attached to bone. "Ankylosing" means stiff or rigid, "spondyl" means spine, and "itis" refers to inflammation. The disease causes inflammation of the spine and large joints, resulting in stiffness and pain. The disease may result in erosion at the joint between the spine and the hip bone (the sacroiliac joint), and the formation of bony bridges between vertebrae in the spine, fusing those bones. In addition, bones in the chest may fuse. JAS is considered to be a multifactorial condition. Multifactorial inheritance means that "many factors" are involved in causing a health problem. The factors are usually both genetic and environmental, where a combination of genes from both parents, in addition to unknown environmental factors, produce the trait or condition. Often one gender (either males or females) is affected more frequently than the other in multifactorial traits. Multifactorial traits do recur in families because they are partly caused by genes. A group of genes on chromosome 6 code for HLA antigens play a major role in susceptibility and resistance to disease. Specific HLA antigens influence the development of many common disorders. Some of these disorders, such as JAS, are autoimmune related and inherited in a multifactorial manner. When a child has a specific HLA antigen type associated with the disease, he/she is thought to have an increased chance to develop the disorder. The HLA antigen associated with JAS is called B27. Children with the B27 HLA antigen are thought to have an increased chance (or "genetic susceptibility") to develop JAS; however, it is important to understand that a child without this antigen may also develop JAS. This means HLA antigen testing is not diagnostic or accurate for prediction of the condition. Males are affected with JAS three times more often than females.

15. UK Wellness: Medical Conditions: Bio-medical: Ankylosing Spondylitis
DEFINITION ankylosing spondylitis is an autoimmune disease that causes inflamationof the spine and sacroiliac joints and can cause inflammation of the eyes
Ankylosing Spondylitis
Click here for risk definitions
Click here to order the Self Help Guide
'Exercise and Back Pain'
by Dr Allinson ...
visit you at home or at work
SNAPSHOT EXERCISE SUMMARY: Swimming is preferred, as it avoids jarring impact of the spine. Breaststroke is good for spinal extension. Running, tennis, golf, and athletics, but avoid contact sports. Daily stretching.
DEFINITION: Ankylosing spondylitis is an autoimmune disease that causes inflamation of the spine and sacroiliac joints and can cause inflammation of the eyes, lungs, and heart valves. It varies from intermittent episodes of back pain that occur throughout life to a severe chronic disease that attacks the spine, peripheral joints and other body organs, resulting in severe joint and back stiffness, loss of motion and deformity as life progresses. A dramatic loss of flexibility in the lumbar spine is an early sign of AS. Although most symptoms begin in the lumbar and sacroiliac areas, they may involve the neck and upper back as well. Arthritis may also occur in the shoulder, hips and feet. As with many of the autoimmune diseases, many body systems can be effected in extreme cases.
AT RISK: Ankylosing spondylitis typically starts as an insidious onset of back pain in the late teens or early twenties, and seems to effect men more than women. It is a genetically determined disease, susceptability to which is related to the presence of the HLA-B27 antigen in the patients' cells.

16. Ankylosing Spondylitis --
ankylosing spondylitis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the joints of the spineand The underlying cause is thought to involve the autoimmune response (the
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more about Ankylosing Spondylitis

Marie-Strumpell disease or rheumatoid spondylitis
  • Ankylosing spondylitis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the joints of the spine and those connecting to the spine, such as the sacroiliac joint. This is an arthritic condition involving stiffness in joints, with resultant pain and stiffness in the back and hips, and difficulty taking deep breaths, due to rib connection to spine. The underlying cause is thought to involve the autoimmune response (the body's immune system mistakenly attacks these joints). The age of onset is usually late teens or early 20's, with a male predominance.

17. Hep C And Autoimmune Diseases
Subject Hep C and autoimmune Diseases Topic Area Hepatitis C Forum The BecauseI have juvenile rheumatoid arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis my doctor
Advertisement Welcome to .... Questions in The Hepatitis Forum are being answered by doctors from
Henry Ford Health System , consistently ranked one of the best hospitals in America. Subject: Hep C and Autoimmune Diseases
Topic Area: Hepatitis C
Forum: The Hepatitis Forum
Question Posted By: Nancy on Saturday, April 15, 2000
I was diagnosed with Hep C about 2 years ago, and genotyped 1b. Because I have juvenile rheumatoid arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis my doctor recommended I do not have Interferon treatment. Are there any other options at this point or do I just wait until another treatment becomes available? Are there any other drugs in clinical studies at this time? My ALT and AST's are in the 70's. Answer Posted By: HFHSM.D.-D.M. on Sunday, April 16, 2000
Dear Nancy:
I appreciate your question and I also imagine you are a little frustrated. I understand that you have hepatitis C and you are not an ideal candidate for interferon based therapies because of your juvenile rheumatoid arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis.
The first question, I have for you is: do you know what your liver biopsy shows. If you have a benign liver biopsy with little scarring or fibrosis, you might not want to do anything right now. Hepatitis C typically causes liver disease over decades and doesn’t even cause cirrhosis in half of infected individuals. Typically women who do not drink alcohol are likely to have relatively slow progressing disease.

18. Arthritis And Autoimmune Comorbidity
ankylosing spondylitis is seen three times more often in whites than in African Americans colitisand Crohn’s disease) is considered an autoimmune disease and
May 1998 Vol 2. No. 5 Arthritis and Autoimmune Comorbidity The topic of arthritis can be dizzyingly complex, with not only many different types of arthritis, but different treatment strategies based on different theories of the pathogenesis of the various types. Arthritis can generally be classified as degenerative, metabolic, or immune-mediated, but the definitive separation among these classifications is often blurred as the pathogenesis is explored in greater detail. Most subtypes of arthritis bear some autoimmune component, and most categories of autoimmune disease and inflammatory disease share comorbidity with arthritic disease. Over a hundred different types of arthritis are described in the literature, but this general overview of a few manifestations may be helpful in staying informed on what is current. Ankylosing spondylitis Inflammatory bowel disease Ulcerative colitis produces inflammation and breakdown along the lining of the colon, with inflammation commonly beginning in the rectum and extending up the colon to cause rectal bleeding, abdominal cramping, weight loss, and fever. Bowel symptoms generally precede the onset of arthritic symptoms (seen in about 25% of IBD patients); and joint symptoms usually appear between the ages of 25 and 45, most often when the large intestine is involved. Extent and severity of joint involvement typically mirrors that of bowel symptoms and may vary, correlating closely to flare-ups of bowel symptoms. Hips, knees, and ankles are affected most often, although any joint may be affected, and symptoms frequently migrate from one joint to another. Permanent joint damage is rare, but ulcerative colitis patients occasionally develop ankylosing spondylitis.

19. The Autoimmune Disease Sypport Organization
Antibody autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia 2 autoimmune Hepatitis Anemia Anemia, PerniciousAngioedema, Hereditary ankylosing spondylitis ankylosing spondylitis - 2

20. Monicas Lupus - Associated Autoimmune Conditions - Spondyloarthropathy>
ankylosing spondylitis Which we have covered as one of the Psoriatic arthritisconditions. cover, ankylosing spondylitis - The Facts Muhammed Asim Khan
Spondyloarthropathy Now we get really complicated! We are in fact criss-crossing "families". Spondyloarthropathy is defined as a group of rheumatic diseases that share similar clinical features of axial arthritis, peripheral inflammatory arthritis and extra-articular symptoms such as conjunctivitis, skin rashes (eg., psoriasis), inflammation of mucosal surfaces and inflammation in the tendinous attachments to bone (enthesitis). Fine! sounds complicated but OK lets go along with that but then we learn that the family includes: Psoriatic arthritis - Which we have already covered as a separate section Ankylosing spondylitis - Which we have covered as one of the Psoriatic arthritis conditions Reiter’s syndrome and Enteropathic arthritis neither of which we have come across before! So here goes:
  • Reiters Syndrome
    Is a combination of arthritis, conjunctivitis and urethritis (or dysentery), which is called a "reactive arthritis" because joint inflammation that occurs in Reiter’s appears to be a reaction to an infection that originates in area’s of the body other than the joints. The most common pathogens known to induce Reiter’s syndrome are Shigella, Salmonella, Yersinia, Campylobacter or urogenital/post venereal pathogens such as Chlamydia or Ureaplasma.
  • Enteropathic Spondylitis
    Two inflammatory disorders affecting the intestines are known as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, when peripheral arthritis and spondylitis occur in patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease it is then considered as Enteropathic Arthritis

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