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         Arctic & Antarctic Regions Envir:     more detail

the World ocean, seas, the arctic and Antarctic regions", "The Cryolitic zones" project. Project NATO envir.LG 972730 "Palaeoclimate and Palaeoenvironment from magnetic properties of

2. Glaciobib
A review of ice rheology for ice sheet modelling. Cold regions Science and Technology,16107144. envir. arctic, Antarctic, Alpine Res., 33(2)223-230.
Glaciology Bibliography
Akerlok et al., 1994
Akerlok, C., Alcock, C., Allsman, R., Axelrod, T., Bennett, D. P., Cook, K. H., Freeman, K., Griest, K., Marshall, S., Park, H. S., Perlmutter, S., Quinn, P., Reimann, J., Rodgers, A., Stubbs, C. W., and Sutherland, W. (1994).
Application of cubic splines to the spectral analysis of unequally spaced data.
Astrophysical Journal
Albert, 1996
Albert, M. R. (1996).
Properties and processes affecting sublimation rates in layered firn.
Report 96-27, CRREL.
Allan and Haylock, 1993
Allan, R. J. and Haylock, M. R. (1993).
Circulation features associated with the winter rainfall decrease in Southwestern Australia.
J. Climate
Allan et al., 1995
Allan, R. J., Lindesay, Jannette, A., and Reason, Chris, J. C. (1995).
Multidecadal variability in the climate system over the Indian Ocean region during the Austral summer.
J. Climate
Allen and Smith, 1996
Allen, M. R. and Smith, L. A. (1996).
Monte carlo SSA: Detecting irregular oscillations in the presence of colored noise.
J. Climate

3. Polar Regions
The arctic and Antartica are called ?olar regions? Both have profound effectson the Earth? climate and ocean systems arctic and Antarctic marine life
Find this: document.write(''); Jump: Pick a chapter! HOME OUR EARTH OUR FUTURE WHAT WE CAN DO current section: our earth current chapter: previous page next section
The Arctic and Antartica are called ‘Polar Regions’. Both have profound effects on the Earth’s climate and ocean systems. Antarctica, a huge land mass as large as the US and Mexico together, is the world’s last wilderness
We, the Inuit people of the Arctic, are a marine and land- based people. We still rely upon many animal species to support our age-old hunting, fishing, trapping and gathering economy. But many Inuit now use computers and invest in stocks and bonds over the internet. We welcome sustainable development of the Arctic’s resources. But we maintain our reverence for Nature and a commitment to treat it with respect.
Aqqaluk Lynge of Greenland. President, Inuit Circumpolar Conference, 1997
click picture to enlarge
  • The Southern Ocean is rich in krill and plankton, which form the main source of food for many fish species and whales.

4. P Olar Envir Onments
ScottPolar Research Institute, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK Formerly renowned for their remoteness and cold, the two polar regions were for centuries avoided by all but the hardiest indigenous people, explorers and exploiters. for both the arctic and the. Antarctic, in neither is 14.1. arctic (a) (. above) and Antarctic (b) (opposite) regions, showing boundaries

5. ENVIR/UK Pag Deux
this water mass to complete its South/North, or Antarcticarctic journey, can thanthe cold water at the bottom) in the Antarctic polar regions is helped
Rivers in the Southern Ocean One of the main characteristics of the Southern Ocean resides in the fact that it is a major source of cold water production (by the formation of some 20 million square kilometres of ice floe per year) and therefore The cold and dense water of the Antarctic - the " Antarctic Bottom Water " - is not the only water travelling in the oceans of the world. Above the deep layers that circulate at a depth of more than 4,000 metres, oceanographic soundings have found "deep circumpolar water" at a depth of less than 3,000 metres regulating the movements of the Southern Ocean. This a huge (very saline) water mass formed in the high latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere that wends its way towards the south. The surfacing of this warmer northern water (its temperature is on average 2 to 3°C higher than the cold water at the bottom) in the Antarctic polar regions is helped by the meeting of the westerly and easterly winds - the zone of Antarctic divergence - which often force the surface Antarctic water to divide in two, one part going northwards and the other towards the coasts. This perpetual toing and froing of water coming from different horizons and meeting in the Antarctic Ocean contributes, rather like the circulation of the atmospheric air mass, to the planet's climatic equilibrium.

6. P R Otecting The Polar Mar Ine Envir Onment
1. Marine pollution Law and legislation Polar regions. The arctic and Antarctic regions similarities and contrasts Both the arctic and Antarctic illustrate well the sometimes

7. Untitled
"arctic, Antarctic, \ Alpine Res."} envir."} @STRING{chemgeol = "Chem. Geol."} @STRING{climchg = "Clim. Change"} @STRING{climdyn = "Clim. Dyn."} @STRING{coldreg = "Cold regions

8. UDHR - People's Stories - Environment
warming will affect Africa, Asia, Europe and other regions over the coming The extentof arctic seaice has shrunk by about 10 -15%, while Antarctic sea ice

9. Progetto Di Ricerca Proposto Da :
Translate this page point was also included in the Plan for action into the 21st Century (Agenda 21)giving mountain regions a priority in the arctic, Antarctic. Fresenius envir. Environmental sciences.html
Environmental Sciences Research project: Interdisciplinary study of Himalayan environment remote area vulnerability to the transport of pollutants and to global climate change Project Coordinators: Dott. Renato Baudo Istituto Italiano di Idrobiologia, Verbania-Pallanza Dott. Gianni Tartari Istituto di Ricerca Sulle Acque, Brugherio, Milano Research Institutes: International Association for Landscape Ecology (IALE–Sez. Italia) Istituto Scienze dell’Atmosfera e dell’Oceano (CNR–ISAO), Bologna Laboratorio di Biologia Marina di Trieste. Environmental Sciences Research Project: Study on the influence of meteo-climatic characteristics of the Himalayan area on the large-scale pollutants transport Ev-K²-O3 Study of mean troposphere ozone trends: horizontal and vertical transport process contributions Ground-based measurements and modelling of global solar irradiance in the UV and visible spectral range at high-mountain stations Debris covered glacier - rock glacier evolution in the upper Khumbu Valley and its climatic and environmental implications Changri Nup Glacier Monitoring Expedition Morphology and hydrochemistry of high altitude lakes of Sagarmatha Natural Park Limnological and paleolimnological research in high altitude Himalayan lakes Study on presence of micropollutants in high altitude waterbodies in the Himalayas Hydrogeology and hydrobiology of the Khumbu Valleys Natural resource evaluation and suistainable development in Nepal: health, tourism and the environment

10. Environmental Education Site - 2.1.4
Reduction in Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets. areas; Release of terrestrial carbonfrom permafrost regions the decline of ecosystems The arctic ice cap
Global Issues Impacts of Climate Change - IPCC's 2001 Report T he most authoritative body studying climate change is the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) set up in 1988 by the World Meteorological Organization and the United Nations Environmental Programme. Its role is to assess the scientific, technical and socio-economic information relevant to the understanding of the risk of human-induced climate change. T he IPCC's latest report, Climate Change 2001: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability , was released on 22 January 2001. There are some key findings:
    th century Global average sea level is projected to rise by 0.09m to 0.88 m by 2100 "These projects indicate that the warming would vary from region to region, and be accompanied by increases and decreases in precipitation. In addition, there would be changes in the variability of climate, and changes in the frequency and intensity of some extreme climate phenomena." IPCC, 2001

11. Glossary
the tropic of Cancer and the arctic Circle in the Tropic of Capricorn and the AntarcticCircle in Something inside the tropics Tropics regions between the
Find this: document.write(''); Jump: Pick a chapter! HOME OUR EARTH OUR FUTURE WHAT WE CAN DO Glossary
Andes - Major mountain range in South America, which passes through seven countries
Acidification - Process by which soil or water becomes acidic
Afforestation - Planting trees and plants
AIDS - Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome: often fatal. Infection is spread through sexual intercourse, blood transfusion or sharing of hypodermic needles. There is no known cure
Alien - Something which is foreign
Amphibian - Living both on land and in water
Antarctic - A continent in the south polar region
Aquifer - Layer of rock or soil under the ground that holds water – like a big underground sponge
Arctic - (Of) the north polar regions
Asthma - Illness which makes breathing difficult Atmosphere - Layers of air, composed of gases and particles, surrounding the Earth Ballast - Weights placed in the hulls of ships to make them more stable Bilharzia - Tropical water-borne parasite (flatworm) that can enter the human pelvis through the skin and cause severe stomach pain, vomiting and sometimes death

12. International Polar Heritage Committee
International Polar Heritage Committee provides a resource for those working to preserve and protect the nonindigenous human heritage of Antarctic and arctic regions. or polar heritage protection in polar regions. Also listed are sites arctic and Antarctic Research Institute (Russia) htm. The Antarctic Circle

About the IPHC
Reference Material Related Groups Register of Expertise ... Contact Us
LATEST NEWS This site is provided by the International Polar Heritage Committee (IPHC) as a resource of information on matters related to the human heritage of Arctic and Antarctic regions. It is offered to everyone with an interest in the preservation and protection of the history of exploration, research and exploitation in polar areas. The IPHC does not claim to have specific expertise in matters related to the indigenous heritage of Arctic regions but it is committed to co-operate closely with groups that do. Our aim is make this web site as comprehensive and accurate as possible with regular updates of news so we suggest you check the site often. If you have information or suggestions which you would like us to include please contact us We would also like to hear from you if you are someone who works in this sphere and have expertise in one of the disciplines involved. Please refer to our

13. ERA02_BaklanovEtAll
question we are trying to answer is What regions are at International Conferenceon Environmental Radioactivity in the arctic and Antarctic, S.Petersburg u/luft/eng/arctic-risk/PRES1/AMAP_Spr02/EGA02_ALB/ERA02_Bakl

14. The Following Models And Approaches Are Used In The Suggested
Conference on Environmental Radioactivity in the arctic and Antarctic, S.Petersburg RussianNuclear Fleet Operations on Russian Far Eastern Coastal regions. u/luft/eng/arctic-risk/PRES1/AMAP_Spr02/EGA02_MAG/ERA02_Mahu

15. Regional/Polar Regions/Society And Culture/History
http// History of the Polar regions Linksto a Includes articles on both arctic and Antarctic topics pertaining to
Search the Internet:
Check Out: Home Regional Polar Regions Society and Culture : History LINKS: Antarctic Heritage Trust
Coalition of national Antarctic Heritage Trusts. Includes information on the organization's goals and programs in the United Kingdom and New Zealand.
History of German Polar Research

Alfred Wegener Institute provides a short account of early German polar activities, with biographies of key figures. Includes information about ships ...
History of the Polar Regions

Links to a series of articles from the World History Archives. Includes articles on both Arctic and Antarctic topics pertaining to climate, and envir...
International Polar Heritage Committee

Provides a resource for those working to preserve and protect the non-indigenous human heritage of Antarctic and Arctic regions. Includes information... Advertising Submit Link Modify Link Contact Us

16. GERG
of 600,000 liters of diesel fuel arctic (DFA) to the location of USAP's largest Antarcticbase, confirmed environmental processes in polar regions for more

Cover photo:
Mount Erebus, McMurdo Station, Ross Island, Antarctica. Photo courtesy National Science Foundation.
GERG REFLECTIONS Volume 1, Number 1 Summer, 1994 Benjamin W. Patton, Editor Joanna Fritz, Production Dave Martin, Graphics Contents Antarctica Environmental Research: Need for an In situ Field Research Laboratory ... and Dr. Norman L. Guinasso, Jr.
GERG MANAGEMENT James M. Brooks Director
Bernie B. Bernard Deputy Director
Mahlon C. Kennicutt II Chief Chemist
Roger R. Fay Field Operations
Roger Sassen Petroleum Geochemistry
Terry L. Wade Environmental Chemistry
Norman L. Guinasso, Jr Oceanography and Surveys
  • Texas:

  • Dr. James M. Brooks, Director

17. 2001-2003 University Of Wisconsin-Madison Undergraduate Catalog
their totality and how they are situated and lived in specific regions. jurisdiction(such as seabed mining, marine life, arctic and antarctic areas), and
College of Letters and Science
International Studies
Requirements for the Major
Option I: Global Security

Option II: International Political Economy and Policy Studies

Option III: Culture in the Age of Globalization
226 Ingraham Hall, 1155 Observatory Drive, Madison, WI 53706; 608/263-6916; Chair: Michael Barnett. Advisory Committee Members: Professors Blanco (Spanish and Portuguese), Boswell (History), Carter (Agricultural and Applied Economics), Fair (Journalism and Mass Communication) Undergraduate adviser in the major: Liane Kosaki, 226 Ingraham Hall, 263-6916, Courses that count toward the 15 credits of upper-level work in the major: Since participating departments differ in correspondence of number and level for courses, the following guidelines are provided. In the departments of Economics, Political Science, and History, all approved course work numbered 300 and above will meet the upper-level work definition. For all other departments, courses designated I A or D in the Timetable or this catalog will meet the upper-level work definition.

18. NASAexplores 9-12 Lesson Covering The Most Ground (All Sheets PDF)
http// www. strategies. org/ Looking/ Envir_ Satellites. pdf. Supporting NASAexplores Article(s) on board the ISS do not study the arctic and Antarctic. regions of Earth?

19. International Relations
Understanding the history and cultures of these regions is essential to the varied suchas seabed mining, marine life, arctic and antarctic areas); Trans
International Relations
Created by, 2000-02-29 13:16:21

20. McConnell's Significant Research Contributions
active chlorine concentrations on the Antarctic ozone spring and JW Sandilands, Calculationsof arctic ozone chemistry of Ozone in the Polar regions'', ed. H
McConnell's Significant Research Contributions
Section A: Publications in Refereed Journals (in last 6 years)
  • Tobiska, W.K., G.R. Gladstone, S. Chakrabarti, M.G. Shepherd, J.C. McConnell, R. Link, G. Schmidtke, and G. Stasek, FUV-Visible Photometric Imaging of Aurorae, J. Geophys. Res. 17525-17535,1993.
  • McConnell, J.C., G.S. Henderson, L. Barrie, J. Bottenheim, H. Niki, E.M.J. Templeton, A new mechanism for Arctic O3 depletion at polar sunrise: Heterogeneous photochemical inorganic Bromine production, Nature, 355, 150-152, 1992.
  • McConnell, J.C., W.F.J. Evans, and E.M.J. Templeton, Model Simulation of Chemical Depletion of Arctic Ozone during the winter of 1989, J. Geophys. Res., 96, 10930-10933, 1991.
  • G.S. Henderson, J.C. McConnell, S.R. Beagley, and W.F.J. Evans, Polar Ozone Depletion: an update, Can. J. Physics, 69, 1110-1122, 1991.
  • Griffioen, E., J.C. McConnell, J.S. Murphree, G.G. Shepherd, and L.L. Cogger, Viking UV cameras: Calibration using model calculations and long wavelength light leakage, Can. J. Physics, 69, 1154-1165, 1991.
  • J.W. Kaminski, and J.C. McConnell, A note on the enhancement of J values in optically thick scattering atmospheres, Can. J. Physics, 69, 1166-1174, 1991.
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