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         Desoto Hernando New World Exploration:     more detail
  1. Pioneers of France in the New World; France and England in North America: a Series of Historical Narratives, Part First by Francis Parkman, 1878

1. European Explorers - Age Of Exploration
of exploration from hernando desoto, and Tristan deLuna. PBS Conquistadors learn all about Cortes, Pizarro, Orellana, and Cabeza De Vaca- four men who helped explore the new world.
European Explorers of the "New World" in the Age of Exploration
Project Ideas
General Links

2. Conquest Of America By Hernando De Soto And Cabeza De Vaca
Native American exploration and Conquest by hernando de Soto and Cabeza DeVaca, 16th century, including 14 States and hundreds of today's cities. Spanish exploration and. Conquest of Native America stage for Coronado and hernando de Soto to lead beacon for new world settlement. In Spain, Vaca refused to join desoto's search
Spanish Exploration and
Conquest of Native America
Written by Donald E. Sheppard
Illustrated by Cheryl Lucente
The Natives
by STATE Translations
Acknowledgements and References
This Site describes the 15 year Conquest of Native America.
Cabeza de Vaca's eight years in North America, starting in 1528, set the stage for Coronado and Hernando de Soto to lead armies deep into America in the 1540's: Coronado from Mexico City and DeSoto from Cuba, Spain's "Ellis Island." Vaca was the first European to describe this continent , but only near its southern shoreline. DeSoto, at age 39, was rich from Incan gold and wanted to colonize North America. To do so, he planned to open a passage to trade Spain's New World fortunes with China , the largest supermarket in the world. Intelligent Indians had told Vaca of a northern sea that DeSoto believed was the Pacific Ocean, the sea Balboa discovered beyond Panama, DeSoto's boyhood home. Magellan had sailed that sea to the Orient when DeSoto was 21 years old, but lost his life on that long voyage. DeSoto wanted to build a port on America's Northern Sea , then sail what he believed was a short distance across it to China. He planned to protect his "Northern Passage to China" from Mobile Bay, Alabama, which

3. Gunston Middle School Library: Explorers Of The New World
The European Voyages of exploration /Department of History / The Company at desoto National Memorial. hernando de Soto Calderon's Company, A 16th Century new world Garrison at
Explorers of the New World
An Internet Hotlist on European Explorers of the Western Hemisphere created by Elena Rodriguez
Gunston Middle School Library Media Center
Introduction Portuguese and Spanish Explorers
English Explorers
Viking Explorers
Who were the explorers of the New World? What motivated them to come to this hemisphere? What challenges did they encounter here? What did changes did they bring back to Europe? What is their legacy? After using books, magazines and reference materials, search these Internet links to find additional information about the European Explorers of the New World.
General Internet Resources
Portuguese and Spanish Explorers
  • Prince Henry the Navigator - The European Voyages of Exploration /Department of History / The University of Calgary - This is part of an outstanding tutorial on exploration.

4. Hernando DeSoto's Trails Through North America
hernando desoto. hernando De Soto is one of in the new world. The Charter. On April 20th, 1537 hernando De Soto up camp and begin the exploration. He took about
Palm Native American Conquest
HERNANDO DE SOTO 1st Contact The Natives QUICK Trails Trails by STATE Ancient World Maps 1st came Cabeza DeVaca Illinois Indiana Florida Georgia Carolina Alabama Tennessee Kentucky Missouri Arkansas Mississippi Louisiana Texas -RELEVANT LINKS- INTRODUCTION FLORIDA DeVACA
... References
This article first appeared in "The Florida Anthropologist."
Spanish Conquistadors
wrote the oldest histories we have of America, but told a different story than the one we learned in school. Advances in science have made it possible to track Conquistadors into native villages that are cities again today, along trails we use as highways. Scant archaeological evidence once provided scholars grounds for "definitive" conquest route selection, but their evidence is very thin, and, if anything, their findings only add to the confusion surrounding Spanish Conquest (Brain 1985:xvi-xxiii; Bullen 1951, 1952 - See References for titles of authors' works appearing here). Scholars have, for centuries, misinterpreted sixteenth century terms, neglected American resource location, and overlooked important tactics of ancient mariners and horsemen altogether.

5. DeVaca's And DeSoto's Explorations Of Native America
Details hernando de Soto's 15year exploration and conquest of parts of North America. Find historical maps and pictures. Palms Spanish exploration Spain's new world gold. desoto and Coronado. That is reason enough to believe that THEY searched America, given that Spain explored all of the new world
Palms Spanish Exploration
of Native America Cabeza de Vaca crossed America a century before the Pilgrims landed. He enticed others to find a sea-way to China to trade Spain's New World gold. Indian Villages, cities today, were seen along trails which became our highways. Natives in 14 States are presented here.
DEVACA's Trail
CABEZA DE VACA DeVaca's Trail in Brief DeVaca's Place in History DeVaca's Background DeVaca's Written Story Louisiana Island Texas Trails Coronado HERNANDO de SOTO Thru Illinois Thru Indiana Thru Florida Thru Georgia Thru the Carolinas Thru Alabama Thru Tennessee Thru Kentucky Thru Missouri Thru Arkansas DESOTO's PEOPLE: Thru Louisiana Thru Texas Retreat Escape EPILOGUE to CONQUEST Spain sent no other explorers deep into our continent after DeVaca, DeSoto and Coronado. That is reason enough to believe that THEY searched America , given that Spain explored all of the New World elsewhere!

6. Explorers Webquest
La Isabela, Foothold In The new world , National Geographic Cortes; The EuropeanVoyages of exploration. hernando desoto Illustrated Minute Biographies, page 51
Significant Explorers and Civilizations of the Americas A WebQuest for 5th Grade (Social Studies) Designed by Patty James
Introduction Task Process Evaluation ... Credits
Introduction Beginning with the Vikings in the 8th century, the Americas have been explored by many people. During the 1500's and 1600's European countries began exploring across the Atlantic Ocean. Christopher Columbus was one of the first explorers to attempt this great feat. His accomplishments sparked the interest of exploration in many other countries. Explorers have had various reasons for risking their lives when setting out across the world. Marco Polo was searching for new trade routes, David Livingstone traveled across Africa as a missionary, while others were motivated by the need to chart and map new areas. In this webquest, you will find out what drove the exploration for these significant explorers and how did the motives for explorations differ from country to country?
The Task You will work in your assigned group to search the Internet and use print materials to identify what drove the exploration of your explorers. During your search you will be looking for certain aspects of his exploration. Once you have obtained these aspects, you will be able to complete the following:

7. United States History Index
European Voyages of exploration; Discovery of the new world; Hernán desoto explorationsof Hernán desoto and the the Vicissitudes That Attended hernando De Soto
The WWW-VL search facility.


8. Background - Hernando De Soto's Conquest
of age; some had been in the new world before, some They sailed to Cuba, at desoto'sexpense with stores of tools, seeds and plows - for exploration and long
DeSoto's Background
by Donald E. Sheppard
The study of DeSoto's conquest is inseparable from that of Panphilo de Narvaez. Both were Spanish conquistadors who are known to have entered and exited Florida near the same locations, within a dozen years of each other. Narvaez failed utterly. DeSoto followed and partially succeeded here. DeSoto's army became aware of native aversion to Spaniards, provoked by Narvaez and coastal slave hunters, shortly after landing. Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca provides us with the only extant Narrative of the Narvaez Expedition , which was poorly executed and scantily recorded. DeSoto's chroniclers, who wrote their perceptions of Narvaez and described the place where he built his boats for escape, are relied upon here for additional intelligence of his "conquest." Once DeSoto marched to North Florida and established his winter quarters, he dispatched his "Thirty Lancers" to ride back down his trail to advance the troops and ships left behind at port. The Lancer's journal, questionably understood but factually related by Inca, is used here to establish distances between places which the chroniclers failed to record in their personal journals when they blazed that trail. Inca's account of the Thirty Lancers journey will, therefore, be discussed, at times, before we discuss DeSoto's arrival in North Florida. I know of no other way to substantiate this incredible journey as it unfolds.
As a young Spaniard in Central America

9. 4th & 5th Grade Student Research Resources- Explorers
Getting to the new world consider the DNA exploration of Christopher Columbus Learnabout all his why he was executed hernando desoto Comprehensive coverage.
United States History Resources
Early Explorers
Discoverers Web Homepage
This is one of the best pages on the web on this subject.
Pictures of Discoverers
A Discoverers Web page
Exploration Station
Part of the Discovery School web pages for students
Pre-Columbian Exploration of the New World
There many have been many here before Columbus
St. Brendan
- good background
Did the Chinese Discover America?
- good summary of research with links
The Pre-Columbian Lacquer of West Mexico
- discussion of lacquer as possible link to Chinese discovery of America
California History: Pre-European Population
- more information about possible Chinese discovery of America
Pre-Columbian Exploration and Colonization of the New World
- Hoei-Shin, The Phoenicians, Brendan, and others are discussed.
Getting to the New World
- consider the DNA Evidence Leif Erickson - good detail The Vikings: North Atlantic Saga - on line exhibit from the Smithsonian On the Trail of the Vikings - possible explanation which included voyage of Bjarni Herjulfsson Viking Ships interesting facts Mariners' Museum Here is great background from the ancients onward.

10. Global Access To Educational Sources - Early Explorers Of The United States
European explorers ships in the new world Evolution of Granted to Christopher Columbus 1492 exploration of Christopher hernando desoto Comprehensive coverage
American History Sources for Students:
Explorers and Discoverers
Latitude: The Art and Science of 15th Century Navigation - comprehensive and unique resources
- Chinese discover in 495 AD
Getting to the New World
- consider the DNA Evidence
Influence of the Spice Trade on the Age of Discovery
- good background
In Search of Vinland
- from "Oceans" (Sept-Oct 1985)
Discoverers Web Homepage
This is one of the best pages on the web.
Exploration and Discovery
- many varied resources
Native American Conquest
Covers the Conquistadors
Mariners' Museum
Here is great background from the ancients onward.
The Science of Sailing the World
- interesting to learn how it was done Ships of Discovery studies the earliest of the European explorers ships in the New World Evolution of the Viking Ship - most informative Viking Explorers - good overview Conquest Channel - about the Midwest California; PreEuropean Interesting Chinese information included. Privileges and Prerogatives Granted by Their Catholic Majesties Granted to Christopher Columbus : 1492 Exploration of Christopher Columbus Learn about all his voyages. 1492 - An Ongoing Voyage Extensive archive.

11. GRITS Pantry: Trailing DeSoto – Then And Now Page
as a northern passage through the new world to trade saw in the 1500s to our worldtoday in the Southeast from the time of hernando desoto's exploration to the
Trailing Desoto - Then and Now Project Overview
This online thematic project provides classes an opportunity to conduct research in order to compare and contrast the world Hernando DeSoto saw in the 1500s to our world today. From the geographic data in DeSoto's journals and in Spanish writings of his time, researchers in 1996 were able to locate his trails as the harbors and mountains, rivers, and lakes "then" remain "now." Students in this project will use this information, located at , as the main information source to develop their comparisons. However, students should also use other online as well as print sources for additional and comparative facts. Project Summary
History books and classroom lessons tell of Hernando De Soto's efforts to colonize North America and his search for the Pacific Ocean as a northern passage through the New World to trade Spain's fortunes with China. His chronicles tell of his travels through the lands of what would become 14 states of the United States, including the six southeastern states of North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, and Mississippi. In the study of U.S. history, students record Desoto as just one more fact to learn, totally unrelated to the world of today. Yet, if DeSoto were to retrace his path today, what would he see? How different is the land, the occupants, or the means of travel?

Illustrated description of De Soto's travels and conflicts.Category Society History exploration Explorers De Soto, hernando...... hernando de Soto, picture and signature, (from Winsor). from Spain to win fame andfortune in the new world. Picture courtesy of the desoto National Memorial.
THE SOTO EXPEDITION Hernando de Soto, the son of an esquire of Xerez de Badajoz, was eager to rival Cortes and Pizarro. In 1537 he solicited the same grant as Narvaez before him, for the province from Rio de Las Palmas to Florida. Along with the province Valladolid, the King awarded Soto an appointment to govern the island of Cuba. This accession required him to personally conquer and occupy Florida within a year at his own expense. He was to erect fortresses and carry over at least five hundred men as settlers to hold the country. The division of the gold, pearls, and other valuables of the conquered caciques (chiefs) were to be regulated, and provision made for the maintenance of the Christian religion and of a hospital in the territory. The air of divine mystery that was assumed by Cabeza de Vaca concerning the countries that he had seen inflamed the imagination of men in Spain. Hernando de Soto, picture and signature, (from Winsor). This 1536 period map may have been available to Soto prior to his exploration. Note that the interior was still unknown territory. (Taken from Winsor).

13. Biography
desoto's father's name was Xerez de Badajox. hernando wanted more than that the youngage of 19 he ventured off to seek his fortune in the mysterious new world.
Hernando DeSoto
In the city of Barcarroto, Spain around 1500, DeSoto was born. Today he is known to many as the Greatest Spanish explorer of all time. DeSoto's father's name was Xerez de Badajox. Both of his parents were born of noble birth, but were very poor. Hernando wanted more than that. At the young age of 19 he ventured off to seek his fortune in the mysterious New World. Hernando was a eager young man looking for what every warrior wanted, money and a name everyone knew.
He fought and traveled with Pedrarias de Avila for about 20 years. Next de Soto explored the West Indies and South America after reaching the new world. When he came to his home in Spain he was pleased to marry the Governor Davila's daughter, Dona Isabel. His marriage wasn't too important to him because soon after the marriage he decided to return to the New World. (This is a picture of a boat with triangular sails. These sails helped ships make it possible to sail against the wind. It was not simple to sail without it. (A picture of Hernando landing on the Bay of the Holy Spirit)
With De Soto's own expenses he prepared his expedition in 1537 to explore the Spanish region of Florida. Holy Roman Empire, Charles V gave permission to set sail for his voyage. In May 1539, Hernando's crew of slaves, friars, shoemakers, servants, 600 conquistadors and at least two women set sail on nine ships heading to Florida. He landed on the west coast of On Hernando's voyage he discovered the Mississippi River in 1541. He crossed it then he explored the lands that are now northern Texas, Oklahoma, and Arkansas. Four years later De Soto's crew had suffered disease, starvation and snakebite. Nearly half of his crew made it back to Mexico. From illness on the Mississippi banks near where the of Red River joins, DeSoto died.

14. Maps
Maps of hernando desoto's Trails thru the Southeast (Has great detailed maps Timelineof desoto's Life April11th Sailed from Spain for the new world leaving his
*Maps of DeSoto's Journey* (Hernando's Trail through Southeast United States)
(DeSoto's trail on Florida's coast)
(Trail of this continent which DeSoto thought was the island of Florida)

Maps of Hernando DeSoto's Trails thru the Southeast

(Has great detailed maps showing trails of DeSoto.)
Timeline of DeSoto's Life
- Born in Barcarroto, Spain - April11th Sailed from Spain for the New World leaving his boyhood. - Took part in expeditions to Central America - Joined Pizzaro in the conquest of Peru and later married Dona Isabel. - Organized at his own expense to explore the Spanish region of Florida with permission of Charles V. - April- Set sail from Spain to Hanava to make final preparations for his big expedition to Florida leaving his wife May 18- Set sail from Hanava
May 30- DeSoto and his crew went ashore at Tampa Bay in Florida July 15- sent his largest ships back to Cuba to move to the northeast to make his way around the lakes, streams, and everglades of Florida. - December- enters present-day Mississippi and gets attacked by the Chickasaw Indians killing fifty horses and ten men over DeSoto's demands for food - May 8- arrives at Mississippi River and crossed it - Spring- led his men down South May 21- died (his crew feared the Indians might dig his corpse up, it was exhumed, wrapped in blankets, weighted w/sand and sunk in the great river.

15. Exploration
exploration of the region led to the establishment hernando desoto (By Angela Martinez)hernando desoto was a Spanish adventurer and explorer in the new world.
Use the links below for easy access to the topic of your choice.
EARLY EXPLORATION Vikings Marco Polo Crusaders
WORLD EXPLORATION Magellan Dias Balboa
AMERICAN EXPLORATION Columbus Cortes Pizarro
VIKINGS (By David Lara)
The Vikings were bold seafaring people from Scandanavia. Between 700 and 1000, their population grew steadily and food was scarce. This caused the Vikings to turn their long boats west in search of new lands. In the mid-800s, they settled in Iceland.
From there, the Vikings pushed even farther west. In 982, a red-haired, great bearded explorer named Eric the Red sailed to an island he called Greenland. Actually Greenland had more ice and harsher climate than Iceland, but Eric hoped the pleasant-sounding name of Greenland would attract farmers.
In 1001, Eric's son, Lief Ericsson set sail to investigate reports of yet another new land. Lief's crew sailed west and south. In time, they came to a place where wheat and grapes grew wild. Lief named it Vinland or Wineland.
Viking sagas, or stories of brave deeds, described Vinland as a mild plentiful land. According to sagas, Lief returned to Greenland, but one of his friends, Thorfinn Karlsefni (KAHRL sehf ne), decided to build a settlement in Vinland. He took a group of about 150 settlers with him.

16. The Age Of Exploration In Georgia
sailors may have visited the new world as early Moving north from Florida, Spanishexploration may have hernando desoto became one of the earliest Europeans to
The Age of Exploration in Georgia Georgia History 101 by Col. Samuel Taylor U.S.M.C. (Ret.)
exclusively for Our Georgia History Although Portuguese sailors may have visited the New World as early as 1454, it is Christopher Columbus, an Italian sailing under a Spanish flag, who is generally credited with the first landing in North America. The initial thrust of the Spanish sailors was into the Caribbean, continuing the search for a route to the West Indies. It became apparent that no quick route would be found and the thrust of the Spanish flag vessels became exploration and conquest. 1513 brought Juan Poncé de León to the Florida coast. Moving north from Florida, Spanish exploration may have touched the present-day Georgia coast before 1520. In 1526 an attempt was made to establish a colony on the coast of Georgia or South Carolina by Lucas Vasquez de Ayllon. Although the exact location is unknown, historians now believe it is more likely to have been in Georgia, perhaps in the vicinity of St. Catherine's Island. Hernando deSoto became one of the earliest Europeans to see the state (1540), leaving a path of destruction in his wake. The Moundbuilder culture, already in decline, would cease to exist in Georgia by 1560, when Tristan de Luna revisited the area of deSoto's initial expedition. Juan Pardo reported a similar finding in 1566. Pardo had been sent to the interior of Georgia by Pedro Menéndez de Avilés, who established a colony and Jesuit Mission on San Pedro (St. Catherines) near the Creek town of Guale (pronounced Wah-le) earlier that year.

17. Conquest Of The Land
His voyage to the new world was doubted, mostly because only copies of a grant in1523, based on the 1521 exploration by Gordillo Journey of hernando desoto.
Conquest of the Land John Cabot explores the American Coast Earliest of the claims to Georgia dates back to 1498, when Italian explorer John Cabot (Giovanni Cabotto), sailing under the English flag explored coastal America. Cabot made two trips to coastal America (well, actually one and a half since he never returned from the second trip), one in 1497 where he discovered a place he called Newfoundland, and one in 1498 when he returned to "Newfoundland" and continued south along the coast of what is now the United States. The best support for the English claim of "rights of discovery" to the Southeastern coast of the United States comes from, interestingly, a Spanish map that was drawn a few years after his voyage. Juan de la Cosa owned the Santa Maria, and as such, joined Christopher Columbus (an Italian sailing under a Spanish flag) on two of his early voyages. On those journeys Columbus' efforts were directed at island hopping through the Caribbean and not exploration of the Atlantic coast. Still, de la Cosa accurately depicted the Caribbean, which he knew, and the Atlantic side of North America, which he could not have known, on a map dated 1500, but probably drawn over a period of about 10 years early in the 16th century. Additionally, five English flags (royal standards) are drawn on the map, and a notation "discovered by the English."

18. Biography: Explorers
de Soto, hernando. The Journies and Expeditions of Marquette, Drake, Columbus, Cortez,and desoto; Page 3; Who Goes There European exploration of the new world;
Kids and Teens People and Society Biography ...
  • Rope Ladders
    Trellian WebPage
    Slider Search:
    The Web Encyclopaedia Shopping Index Help Encyclopaedia

    Explorers Page:
    Alonso de Ojeda
    Give a brief history and pictures of this Spanish Conquistador and explorer of the Americas.
    Australian Explorers
    Provides detailed accounts of men who explored and mapped the continent of Australia. Designed especially for elementary school students.
    Share the adventures of Hernan Cortes, Francisco Pizarro, Fracisco de Orellana and Cabeza de Vaca as series host Michael Wood retraces their journeys in modern-day South America and the southern United States.
    Discoverers Web: Alphabetical List
    Links to information on the lives of dozens of explorers.
    Discovery School's Exploration Station
    Collection of articles based on World Book Encyclopedia, tell about the most famous Europeans who set sail for new lands during the 15th and 16th centuries.
  • 19. Arkansas History: A Natural For The Classroom
    exploration Colonization (15411818 Paddling the Big River of a new world. ArkansasTimes The Expedition of hernando desoto West of the Mississippi, 1541-1543
    Printed Materials
    Printed Materials
    • Arkansas Archaeological Survey Caddoan Bibliography: Archeology and Bioarcheology, Ethnohistory and Ethnography and History . (Fayetteville: University of Arkansas, 1999.) 2475 N. Hatch Ave., Fayetteville, AR 72704, or call (479) 575-3556. Technical survey paper of Caddo tribe.
    • Arkansas Archaeological Survey Prehistoric and Historic Native American Indian Information Package. (Fayetteville: University of Arkansas.) Write 2475 N. Hatch Ave., Fayetteville, AR 72704, or call (479) 575-3556.
    • Arkansas Game and Fish Commission. Arkansas Wildlife: A History. (Fayetteville: University of Arkansas, 1998.)
    • Arnold, Morris. Colonial Arkansas, 1686-1804. (Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 1991.) Description of settlement of Arkansas by the French and Spanish.
    • Arnold, Morris. The Rumble of a Distant Drum: The Quapaws and the Old World Newcomers, 1673-1804. (Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press,

    20. University Press Of Florida - Disciplines / Florida History
    T. Milanich and Charles Hudson hernando de Soto to Pensacola's Old Christ Church,desoto's 1539 Winter the exploration and settlement of the new world and will
    Florida History Categories:
  • Essential Reading The Environment in Florida History People Who Made Florida's History Conflicts the Forged Florida History ... Art and Artifacts of Florida History
  • Essential Reading Government in the Sunshine State: Florida Since Statehood by David R. Colburn and Lance deHaven-Smith In this lively introduction to Florida's political history, David Colburn and Lance deHaven-Smith explain the evolution of Florida’s government, and the forces that affected that evolution, from 1845 to the present. The New History of Florida by Michael Gannon The New History of Florida, the first comprehensive history of the state to be written in a quarter of a century, is the culmination of the most recent and significant work from a galaxy of specialists. Each of the 22 chapters, which weave together in one continuous narrative, was written especially for this volume. Florida: A Short History by Michael Gannon Gannon summarizes the longest recorded history of any of the American states in 28 brisk chapters, each generously illustrated. Read a sample The Environment in Florida History Florida Hurricanes and Tropical Storms: 1871-2001, Expanded Edition

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