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         Dna Collection & Matching Criminal Investigation:     more detail

1. Jamestown Community College - Criminal Justice Course Descriptions
dna matching for criminal identification purposes Supports obtaining and banking dna information. 1994 that dna matching is a powerful criminal investigation tool. dna samples are
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Course Descriptions - Criminal Justice
CRI 131 : Corrections Practicum

During this 84-hour experiential format, the student/recruit will be placed in a correctional facility for on-the-job training. The student/recruit will be assigned to a full-time correctional officer. While applying their academic knowledge in a real world setting, students/recruits will learn and perform the requisite duties for daily operations of a correctional facility. All work experiences will be reduced to written form on a daily basis and evaluated by the assigned training officer. At the completion of the practicum, these evaluations will be used to assist in determining performance competency and certification potential.
2 credit hours. C Corequisite: CRI 133, CRI 135, CSC 151, and SPA 150. CRI 132 : Introduction to Law Enforcement Starting with the origins of American law enforcement, this course concentrates on contemporary law enforcement agencies and their function within the criminal justice system. Students will study police agencies at the local, county, state, and federal levels, and their operational techniques, as well as goals and objectives within specific units of each agency.

2. B.C. Civil Liberties Association Position Papers
Ombudsman 1971 Debt collection and collection agencies 1972 Fingerprinting for hybridoffences 1994 dna matching for criminal investigation purposes 1996
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Resources Newsletter Publications POSITIONS Factums Submissions Links Services For complainants Case acceptance policy Site map POSITION PAPERS These position papers contain the reasoning for our public statements on more than thirty years of public issues. They range from briefs to ministers on issues like firearm control, to our most recent positions, including a principled opposition to the use of video surveillance on public streets and support for the rights of non-aboriginals living on aboriginal lands Administrative decision-making Discrimination Due process ... Private offences Administrative decision-making Social assistance Criminal injuries Landlord and tenant rights Administrative discretionary decision-making: Exploratory research on welfare and immigration ... Response to the report of the Secure Care Working Group Discrimination Restrictive covenants, the

3. The Office Of The Federal Privacy Commissioner
the authorisation, collection and matching of dna profiles. wider criminal investigation system. The Amendment Bill and Privacy Act will not apply to the collection of dna samples
Submission to Inquiry into the Crimes Amendment (Forensic Procedures) Bill 2000
November 2000
Submission of the Office of the Federal Privacy Commissioner
The Crimes Amendment (Forensic Procedures) Bill 2000 (the Amendment Bill) will enable Commonwealth law enforcement agencies to collect DNA samples from individuals in relation to Commonwealth offences. One of the primary purposes of the Amendment Bill is to assist with the establishment of a national DNA database as part of the CrimTrac initiative. Crimtrac is a national criminal investigation system being established by the Commonwealth Government, in co-operation with State and Territory Governments, which will facilitate the exchange of information between jurisdictions and the use of new investigative techniques such as DNA testing for the purpose of criminal investigation. Because the Amendment Bill will only govern the Commonwealth component of the national DNA database, the adequacy of its privacy and accountability safeguards cannot be considered in isolation from the legislative and administrative framework of the DNA system as a whole. In particular, the protection of individual rights in the national DNA system will depend on the enactment of nationally consistent forensic procedures legislation by all States and Territories. The system will also need to be capable of independent third party oversight, including from a privacy perspective. The CrimTrac Agency, which will manage the DNA database, is a Commonwealth agency that is subject to the

4. Iowa Division Of Criminal Investigation - DNA Profiling Section
of biological evidence by matching questioned samples Criminalistics laboratory regardingthe collection of evidence It may be utilized for dna profile searches
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The DCI DNA Profiling Section.
The DNA Profiling Section provides examinations to law enforcement agencies at no cost. Items from criminal cases are examined for the presence of human DNA. DNA can be found in biological fluids, tissues and bones of the body. If DNA profiles are obtained from samples in question, comparisons may be made to known DNA profiles from individuals believed to be involved. The DNA Profiling Section also determines the DNA profiles of convicted offenders and stores their profiles in a computer database. Comparisons are made between the profiles found in the convicted offender database and the profiles obtained from criminal cases where no suspect has been identified. What is DNA? DNA is an acronym for the genetic material deoxyribonucleic acid. DNA is found in all nucleated cells of the body. The DNA humans receive from their parents is unique with the exception of identical twins. The DNA found in an individual's blood is the same DNA that is found in their saliva, tissue, bone, etc. What is DNA testing?

5. Missing Girl's Mother Fights For DNA Bank-Oct 12, 2002
the authorisation, collection and matching of dna profiles. wider criminal investigation system. The Amendment Bill and Privacy Act will not apply to the collection of dna samples
VANCOUVER EASTSIDE MISSING WOMEN Missing girl’s mother fights for DNA bank National service 'would absolutely solve more crimes' Joanne Hatherly
National Post Saturday, October 12, 2002 VICTORIA - Lindsey Jill Nicholls, 14, planned to meet her friends in Courtenay on Aug. 2, 1993. Like many teenagers who live in rural communities with limited bus service, she decided to hitchhike. What should have been a 10-minute ride has turned into a nine-year nightmare for Lindsey's family, because the blond-haired, green-eyed teenager never made it to where she was going. Rob Kruyt, National Post. Judy Peterson with daughter Kim, is campaigning for a missing persons DNA data bank. Her daughter Lindsey disappeared in 1993. Since that day, Lindsey's mother, Judy Peterson, has struggled with the questions that surround her daughter's disappearance. Mrs. Peterson hoped answers about Lindsey's fate could be found through DNA matching, but now her hopes are on hold until Canada's DNA legislation catches up with technology. Canada's two-year-old DNA Identification Act has already been outpaced by DNA science and the ethical challenges that come with it, so the Justice Department has initiated a public consultation process that will continue until the end of this month.

the authorisation, collection and matching of dna profiles. wider criminal investigation system. The Amendment Bill and Privacy Act will not apply to the collection of dna samples

7. Lawlinks
Careers in criminal investigation General Resources dna collection matching Electronic Evidence Fingerprinting
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8. Criminal Investigation | Chapter Outline
contamination is an issue in the collection and packaging The contemporary issue inthe dna field is in functions of classifying searching and matching prints.
Student Center Instructor Center Information Center Home ... Spotlight on Terrorism Choose one... Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6 Chapter 7 Chapter 8 Chapter 9 Chapter 10 Chapter 11 Chapter 12 Chapter 13 Chapter 14 Chapter 15 Chapter 16 Chapter 17 Chapter 18 Chapter 19 Chapter 20 Chapter 21 Chapter Overview Chapter Outline Chapter Objectives Multiple Choice Quiz ... Interactive Exercise
Criminal Investigation, 8/e Charles R. Swanson, University of Georgia
Neil C. Chamelin, Assistant State Attorney, Second Judicial Circuit
Leonard Territo, University of South Florida- Tampa
The Crime Laboratory
Chapter Outline
The terms "forensic science" and "criminalistics" are often used interchangeably. The effectiveness of crime laboratory services can be measured in terms of three criteria: quality, proximity, and timeliness. The speed at which technological advances with forensic applications are developing, expanding, and evolving makes their description immediately obsolete. Advances in technology have helped DNA testing to become an established part of criminal justice procedure. Questions about the validity and reliability of forensic DNA test methods have been addressed, and for the most part validity and reliability are established. As a result of DNA testing, traditional blood testing and saliva testing have been rendered obsolete because DNA is found in these substances and, if fact, is found in all body tissues and fluids.

9. GoldenEssays - Chemistry - Free Essays, Free Research Papers, Free Term Papers,
identify a suspect in Virginia if a matching profile is a Drop of Blood How Far ShouldDNA collection Go tool of investigation and adjudication in criminal cases
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10. International Association Of Forensic Nurses - News
and court testimony; criminal investigation; documentation; and evidence collection. halfyears due to delays in dna processing and crossmatching.
May 17, 2002
Contact: Janet D'Alesandro, Forensic Nurse, Crime Experts, Urge Senators to Overhaul DNA Analysis System PITMAN, NJ Testifying before a Senate panel last week, a Delaware forensic nurse and member of the International Association of Forensic Nurses (IAFN) said that the country?s health care and judicial systems continue to fail 8 out of 10 rape victims. Debra S. Holbrook, a sexual assault nurse examiner (SANE), told the Senate Judiciary Subcommittee on Crime and Drugs that nurses continue to witness "patients being re-victimized when they come to ERs." She said victims now face "hit or miss with their judicial outcome" because so many health care providers have not been trained in forensics and frequently ruin valuable DNA evidence. The May 14 hearing was called by subcommittee Chairman Joseph R. Biden (D-Del). Biden and several other members of the Senate and House have introduced bills to solve widespread problems that have left thousands of rapes and other violent crimes unsolved nationwide. Along with better training for health care workers, law enforcement officers, and others who respond after a rape, Biden said he was introducing a comprehensive bill "to strengthen the existing federal DNA regime as an effective crime fighting tool." A major part of the legislation focuses on a staggering backlog of DNA evidence in rape kits that is now sitting on shelves in law enforcement offices and laboratories across the country. Biden said "woefully inadequate funding" has left 180,000 to 500,000 rape kits unprocessed.

11. CrimTrac
data is a critical element in the criminal investigation process, whether fingerprints,providing faster and more accurate data collection and matching.
The use of fingerprint data is a critical element in the criminal investigation process, whether the data is collected at a crime scene or from a suspect or from a convicted offender. In 1986 Australia led the world by establishing the first National Automated Fingerprint Identification System, known as NAFIS. Fifteen years later, that system had run out of capacity, and had been eclipsed by new technologies used by police services in Europe, the United States and New Zealand. CrimTrac's new NAFIS takes Australia's fingerprint technology into the twenty-first century. What happened previously?
When police took a suspect's fingerprints, they used the same technology that their counterparts did at the start of the twentienth century - printer's ink, a roller and a slab. This process was time-consuming and could result in poor data quality, particularly if the person concerned was unwilling to cooperate with the police officer taking the prints. Having taken a charged person's fingerprints, police sent the fingerprint card to their Fingerprint Bureau. The prints were then scanned into the old NAFIS computer and searched against the 2.4 million records on the national database. If NAFIS found a 'match', a fingerprint expert then verified the identification. The relevant police officer was then notified of the match, along with the courts, where relevant.

12. Tri-Tech Latent Prints, Fingerprinting Supplies And Kits
with the countless technical advancements made in the field of criminal investigation,the collection of latent crimescene prints and the matching from file

13. Criminal Code - K.S.A. Chaptder 21, Article 25
capable of, but not limited to, searching, matching and storing for the form andmanner of the collection maintenance and expungement of dna samples and
K.S.A. Chapter 21 Article 25 IDENTIFICATION AND DETECTION OF CRIMES AND CRIMINALS Current through End of 2002 Legislative Session
K.S.A. 21-2501
Fingerprinting of suspects; disposition of fingerprints. K.S.A. 21-2501a Maintenance of records of felony and misdemeanor offenses by law enforcement agencies; reports to bureau of investigation; form. K.S.A. 21-2502 University of Kansas and state departments to assist law enforcement officers and coroners. K.S.A. 21-2503 Fingerprint records admissible in evidence. K.S.A. 21-2504 Attorney general may call upon designated officers for information; forms. K.S.A. 21-2505 Same; nonperformance of duties; penalty. K.S.A. 21-2506 Same; construction of act. K.S.A. 21-2511 Collection of specimens of fingerprints, blood and saliva from certain persons; Kansas bureau of investigation, powers and duties. K.S.A. 21-2512 . Forensic DNA testing; limits thereof. 21-2501. Fingerprinting of suspects; disposition of fingerprints. (a) It is hereby made the duty of every sheriff, police department or countywide law enforcement agency in the state, immediately to cause two sets of fingerprint impressions to be made of a person who is arrested if the person: (1) Is wanted for the commission of a felony. On or after July 1, 1993, fingerprints shall be taken if the person is wanted for the commission of a felony or a class A or B misdemeanor or assault as defined in K.S.A. 21-3408 and amendments thereto or a violation of a county resolution which would be the equivalent of a class A or B misdemeanor or assault as defined in K.S.A. 21-3408 and amendments thereto under state law;

14. DNA And Criminal Justice - Sample Collection
accidental or deliberate contamination during its collection. already executed) afterlater dna testing, it new 'science' of hair matching, ultimately resulted
Sample Collection
From individuals Although its enthusiasts refer to DNA profiling as 'genetic fingerprinting' it is both less precise and far more invasive than traditional fingerprinting. Modern techniques allow fingerprints to be taken without even the inconvenience of an inky hand. DNA sampling requires the insertion of a needle into the flesh or a swab into a bodily orifice. Legislation in Victoria allows for prisoners to be held down and a swab to be forcibly inserted into their mouths. This is the closest thing to legalised rape since cavity searches for drugs. Yet body searches and fingerprinting can only be done when someone is strongly suspected of a criminal act. Under current proposals all NSW prisoners will be subject to such treatment in spite of being under no suspicion of committing an unsolved crime. There is also a proposal for all those arrested for any offence in NSW to be subject to such an invasion of their body. Noone should be forced to give up bodily material against their will. That people suspected of no crime could be forced to give DNA samples simply so that the police can go fishing in an attempt to solve outstanding cases would represent a serious erosion of civil rights in this state. Even suspicion of serious criminal activity does not of itself justify DNA testing. Only in a tiny minority of cases is DNA evidence relevent to investigation or prosecution. In most cases, such testing would represent not only an unnecessary expense and invasion of privacy, it would also serve to decrease the quality of important DNA testing through tying up resources and increasing contamination risk. Following the enthusiasm of New York police chief Howard Safir for mass DNA fishing expeditions, a large backlog has developed in the analysis of rape test kits which might be used to link (or eliminate) a known suspect with a recent crime.

15. NSW Parliament Website Static Content
provide a dna databank for forensic matching in later forensic procedures and proposednational dna database Bill. Model Bill focused on the collection and use

16. SerialMurderhickey11
to coordinate the investigation and collection of evidence in of age, to registertheir dna by providing Template Pattern matching The details of crime are

17. Criminal Law
California Drunk Driving Law; Catalaw collection; Centre for of Drug Testing; TheRelevance of matching dna Is the The Role of criminal Profiling in the
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18. Criminal Justice Resources Resources: Forensic Science
matching a suspect’s dna, or deoxyribonucleic acid, with dna found at news/metro/mar00/dna20s1031900.aspThe recently begun collection of dna samples from
Forensic Science Associations Reference Tools Web Sites Articles and Publications Associations and Organizations
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  • 19. BCCLA Position Paper: DNA Matching For Criminal Identification Purposes, 1994
    of sufficient quality for matching purposes. Discarded Bodily Tissue The collectionof discarded Laboratory Regulation Laboratories conducting dna analysis for
    DNA Matching for criminal identification purposes
    BCCLA Supports obtaining and banking DNA information
    The BCCLA recognizes and supports the aim of amending the Criminal Code and the Identification of Criminals Act to allow law enforcement authorities to obtain a warrant to collect DNA samples from suspects in serious crimes, to demand DNA from those arrested for serious crimes, and to bank DNA information for legitimate law enforcement purposes.
    Framing policies and procedures to institute these practices and to identify their limits is a matter of some urgency, both because of the potential value of DNA printing as a law enforcement tool and because of the civil liberties issues that these practices raise. This brief is an attempt to put these issues in perspective and to make recommendations for policy that will put law enforcement and civil liberties interests in balance.
    DNA samples are now most frequently analyzed in North America by a technique called restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP). For each sample, a DNA sequence from the same chromosomal region is cut, and a stain or picture of it is produced, which is called an autoradiograph. Autoradiographs look like bar codes. These are visually compared to discover if the patterns of DNA are identical. This process is typically repeated four other times for different chromosomal regions of the DNA molecule. If the DNA patterns for each of the five chromosomal regions are identical, a match has been found. The confidence that the two samples have been correctly matched (that they came from the same person) depends on the quality of the samples and the stringency with which the tests were applied. If there is a discrepancy in any of the five samples, the tissue samples did not come from the same person.

    20. ENC: Curriculum Resources: The History Of Criminal Investigation (ENC-002083, Br
    YOU ARE HERE ENC Home Curriculum Resources ENC002083 (Full Record) (Graphics Version) Timely ideas and information, with daily updates. Search Browse Free Stuff collection Policy Frequently Asked Questions Thousands of web sites for educators
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    The history of criminal investigation
    ENC#: ENC-002083
    Series: Science discovery.
    Publisher: Raintree Steck-Vaughn Publishers
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    ENC does NOT distribute this resource. Vendor Information:
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    PO Box 690789
    Orlando FL 32819 Fax: (800) 699-9459 Description Cost ISBN Order # 1 text (list price) 1-8 book set (8 different titles) Resource materials; Print material. Subjects: Chemistry. Forensics. History of science. Physical Science. Polygraphs. Science. Technology Contributor(s): Ian McKenzie; All information in this catalog record was verified and accurate when it was first made available to the public. ENC updates catalog records when resources are featured in special projects or when we learn that the information in the record is out of date. Back to Top You Are Here ENC Home Curriculum Resources

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