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         Dorobo Indigenous Peoples Africa:     more detail
  1. The Ones That Are Wanted: Communication and the Politics of Representation in a Photographic Exhibition by Corinne Kratz, 2001-12-03

1. The Human Rights Situation Of Indigenous Peoples In Africa.
and gatherers, namely the Hadza, dorobo and Sandawe of he many pastoral peoples ofEast africa. characterize the plight of indigenous peoples throughout the
The Human Rights Situation
of Indigenous Peoples in Africa
Moringe Parkipuny
Member of Parliament
Ngorongoro, Tanzania
Mr. Parkipuny delivered these remarks before the Sixth Session of the United Nations
Working Group on Indigenous Populations in Genéve, Switzerland on August 3, 1989. Madam Chairperson, fellow representatives and friends in the struggles of indigenous peoples rights, first, I convey from Africa the message of unity and resolute determination to consolidate the strive for our common course. I have learnt that this is the first time that representatives of any community in Africa have been able to attend this very important forum. This is a historic moment for us. We are only two in attendance, both from Tanzania, of the Haxza and Maasai communities. I take this opportunity to express our very profound appreciation of the generosity of the United Nations Voluntary Fund and the NGO Human Rights Fund for Indigenous Peoples, which have helped to sponsor our trip to Geneva. We look forward to the future when more delegates from Africa will be able to make use of this valuable forum. Also would you please accept my wish for your attention and time to introduce our plight and to provide you with some basic information about the situation in Africa, which has not been aired in this forum before. The environment for human rights in Africa is severely polluted by the ramifications of colonialism and neo-colonial social and economic relationships in which we are compelled to pursue our development and sovereignty in a global system replete with injustices and exploitation. Let us keep in mind the fact that the over whelming majority of African countries attainted political independence only in the decade of the 1960s. That is, most have existed sovereign political entities for a period of less than three decades. And indeed the process of decolonialization is still in progress in Africa. The struggle of peoples of South Africa against direct and indirect bondage of apartheid allied with the might of Western economic hegemony provides ample testimony of the agonies of Africa in its determination to overcome the inhumanities of colonialism and neo-colonialism.

and gatherers, namely the Hadza, dorobo and Sandawe of the many pastoral peoplesof East africa. characterise the plight of indigenous peoples throughout the OCR Software provided by Caere Corporation

3. Home Planet Explorations-About Us
of specialized adventure travel in East africa. in remote places while simultaneouslybenefiting the indigenous peoples. relationship with the dorobo Fund and
About Us H ome Planet Exploration is the provider of specialized adventure travel in East Africa. We work hard to provide the customer with an unprecedented experience in remote places while simultaneously benefiting the indigenous peoples. Home Planet Exploration has a working relationship with the Dorobo Fund and its projects; a fund organized to preserve wilderness areas and indigenous ways of life as one. It is a daunting challenge in the new millennium when human expansion is at its fastest rate ever.
T o operate a tour business without exploiting the land takes a plan and an idea. The alliance of Home Planet Exploration and the Dorobo project is our way of operating in Africa while providing the most benefit to the African people whose land we use to earn a living. Without creating the circular cycle within and through Home Planet Exploration and the indigenous peoples, there is less chance for success with the idea of sustained wilderness through natural cycles. It is important to help these people understand that a land use pattern that sustains wilderness is more valuable in the long run and must be implemented for both their future and the future of the land as it now exists. Derek Akin, Owner/Operator.

4. Home Planet Explorations- Dorobo Fund
and all of our Safaris in East africa are in dorobo is now significantly largerbut goals are still the same Helping indigenous peoples confront the
Dorobo Fund for Tanzania H ome Planet Exploration is proudly associated with the Dorobo Fund for Tanzania and all of our Safaris in East Africa are in coordination with the Dorobo Fund and its projects. Proceeds from every client go into the Dorobo Fund, because all wilderness excursions are at some time within Dorobo project areas. The Dorobo project started out small, as any vision does. Dorobo is now significantly larger but goals are still the same: Helping indigenous peoples confront the modern age while preserving their land resource as wilderness. Home Planet Exploration is actively involved with the Dorobo Fund projects through its operations, proceeds, and staff participation. The Dorobo Fund and its vital cause are the driving force behind our partnership and contributions. D orobo is a collective name for hunter gatherer peoples of mixed ethnic background found in remnant groups scattered throughout both the Kenyan and Tanzanian Maasailand. It is believed that before the migration of the Bantu, as well as, Cushite and Nilo-Hamitic pastoralist, the land was sparsely populated by clans of hunter gatherers. These early bands of people were gradually pushed out by the overpowering intruders, but were able to coexist in some regions of their former territory. A ll Dorobo, regardless of ethnic background , have been culturally influenced in varying degrees by the stronger and more dominant Maasai culture. For example, most Dorobo have lost their language, now speaking only Maa. They live as Maasai live, within the Maasai Kraal. In many ways the Dorobo have become culturally part of the Maasai people, providing honey for their beer, and performing the circumcision rituals on males. The future of these Dorobo is quite clear; they are becoming Maasai. Further south however, where Maasai expansion occurred later, there are groups of Akie Dorobo who still speak their own language, but only in private and among themselves. These clans of indigenous peoples are truly living beyond the realms of time and inherently bring value to all humanity.

5. Business & Human Rights: Indigenous Peoples 1997-2001
The Ogiek (sometimes referred to as 'dorobo') are a In africa the Hoodia cactus keepsmen alive About 10,000 of Borneo's 200,000 indigenous peoples have already
back to home Business and Human Rights: a resource website Indigenous peoples: 1997-2001 See also other materials on "Indigenous peoples" Brazil Sees Promise in Jungle Plants, but Tribes See Peril: The Brazilian government, increasingly fearful of what it regards as "biopiracy" by foreign pharmaceutical companies, universities and laboratories, is moving to impose stricter controls on medicinal plants in the Amazon region. (Larry Rohter, New York Times , 23 Dec. 2001) Brazil's Indians take path toward medicinal patents:...In their crusade, Brazilian officials and Indian representatives this week will take a declaration from a convention of Indian spiritual leaders and witch doctors to the United Nations' World Intellectual Property Organization meeting in Geneva. (Andrei Khalip, Reuters , 12 Dec. 2001) Brazil Shuts Down Illegal Mahogany Trade: In a major victory for environmentalists, the Brazilian government Wednesday announced the cancellation of all but two mahogany logging operations in the Amazon. (Jim Lobe, OneWorld US , 6 Dec. 2001)

6. 100gogo Expedition Of Africa, Africa's Super Predators & Mammals Safari
There are also remnants of other groups the hunting Okiek (dorobo), Hadza, and Theother indigenous groups are all Bantuspeaking peoples, originally from
Africa - The Birthplace of Modern Humans You either love it or hate it . . . Africa Map Click here to see large map
Features of Africa
Africa is the second-largest continent , after Asia, covering 30,330,000 sq km; about 22% of the total land area of the Earth. It measures about 8,000 km from north to south and about 7,360 km from east to west. The highest point on the continent is Mt. Kilimanjaro - Uhuru Point - (5,963 m/19,340 ft) in Tanzania. The lowest is Lake 'Asal (153 m/502 ft below sea level) in Djibouti. The Forests cover about one-fifth of the total land area of the continent.
The Woodlands, bush lands, grasslands and thickets occupy about two-fifth.
And the Deserts and their extended margins have the remaining two-fifths of African land. World's longest river : The River Nile drains north-eastern Africa, and, at 6,650 km (4,132 mi), is the longest river in the world. It is formed from the Blue Nile, which originates at Lake Tana in Ethiopia, and the White Nile, which originates at Lake Victoria. World's second largest lake : Lake Victoria is the largest lake in Africa and the is the world's second-largest freshwater lake - covering an area of 69,490 sq km (26,830 sq mi) and lies 1,130 m (3,720 ft) above sea level. Its greatest known depth is 82 m (270 ft).

7. Profile Of The Mukogodo People Of Kenya
first settlers we know of following the indigenous San (Bushmen (See also profileon the dorobo peoples.). Thus they are monotheist, as are most peoples of africa
SLRK Profiles Menu Strategy Leader Resource Kit Home People Profile
The Mukogodo of Kenya Religion
: Traditional Monotheism
Population : A few hundred
Status Location : The Mukogodo live in the Mukogodo Forest of west central Kenya. They were originally an Eastern Cushite group, predating the Nilotes and Bantu in this area. There are no remaining speakers of the original language, called Yaaku. History : The Mukogodo represent a second wave of Cushite immigration into the Rift Valley area of East Africa. The earlier Southern Cushites were the first settlers we know of following the indigenous San (Bushmen). The San were here first before the time of Christ. Then came the Southern Cushites in the first millennium AD, then Eastern Cushites, followed by the Highland Nilotes (Kalenjin Cluster), then the early Bantu. Later came intermingled waves of Plains Nilotes (Maasai-Teso-Karamojong-Turkana), later Bantu (Logoli-Kuria-Ganda, etc.) and River-Lake Nilotes (Luo and related Uganda peoples still stretching up into the Waa River marshes in Sudan). Identity : Various old Cushite groups in the Rift Valley of Kenya and Tanzania have become affiliated with various Nilotic tribes as clients, mostly as a self-defense for their own preservation under the various waves of Nilotic migration into their ancestral area.

8. General Human Rights Bibliography (Continued)
1955 The economic life of the dorobo . africa Report 38(2)52 Kemf, Elizabeth, ed.1993 The Law of the Mother Protecting indigenous peoples in Protected Areas

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Members in the News ... Administer a Listing Max Rows: Go to AAA Home General Human Rights Bibliography (Continued) Robert K. Hitchcock University of Nebraska Da Cunha, M.C.
    1992 "Custom is not a Thing, It is a Path: Reflections on the Brazilian Indian Case". In Human Rights in Cross-Cultural Perspectives. A Quest for Consensus , A.A. Na'im, ed. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Dabashi, Hamid
    Authority in Islam . London: New Brunswick.
Dadrian, Vahakn N.
    1975 "A Typology of Genocide". International Review of Modern Sociology 5, 1986 "The Naim-Andonian Documents of the World War I Destruction of Ottoman Armenians: The Anatomy of a Genocide" . International Journal of Middle Eastern Studies 18(3)

9. General Human Rights Bibliography (Continued)
Zwandenberg, Robert M. 1976 dorobo Hunting and 1988 africa Human Rights Directoryand An Earth Parliament for indigenous peoples Investigating Alternative

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Members in the News ... Administer a Listing Max Rows: Go to AAA Home General Human Rights Bibliography (Continued) Robert K. Hitchcock University of Nebraska Ramaga, Philip Vuciri
    1993 "The Group Concept in Minority Protection." Human Rights Quarterly
Ramos, Alcida Rita
    1991 "Yanomami: A Homeland Undermined." IWGIA Newsletter
Ramos, Alicida R. and Kenneth Taylor
    The Yanomami in Brazil . IWGIA Document No. 37. Copenhagen, Denmark: International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs.
Ramphele, M.
    1990 "Do Women Help Perpetuate Sexism?: A Bird's Eye View From South Africa." Africa Today
Rao, Aruna, Mary B. Anderson, and Catherine A. Overhoslt
    Gender Analysis in Development Planning: A Case Book . West Hartford, CT: Kumarian Press.

10. FPP Web Page2
Kirati, Executive Chairman, Nepal indigenous peoples Development and Michael, David,Thad Peterson, dorobo Tours and Gillian Addison, groundWork, South africa. Bank/wb_fpirs_ngo_ipo_response_s
Mr. Odin Knudsen Forest Policy Implementation Review and Strategy Development World Bank 1818 H Street, N.W. Washington, DC 20433 Fax: 202-522-1142 11 September 2001 JOINT LETTER FROM 218 ORGANISATIONS AND INDIVIDUALS FROM 58 COUNTRIES Dear Mr. Knudsen and FPIRS team, Concerns regarding the 30 July 2001 draft A Revised Forest Strategy for the World Bank Group The undersigned NGOs, indigenous peoples’ organisations and community-based organisations write in response to the call for public comments on the above draft document. In the first part of our response, we express our misgivings about the plan to finalise and adopt the Strategy before the necessary revisions of the Operational Policy have been discussed and agreed between different stakeholders. The second part outlines our overall impression of the draft Strategy and sets out our concerns regarding its contents. We make a number of key recommendations for improving the Strategy at the end of our response. Numbers in square brackets [] refer to page numbers in the July 30 draft. 1. Flawed procedure for developing and adopting the Strategy

11. Kenya
among Kikuyu, Kalenjin and dorobo communities SUDAN/indigenous peoples ThreatenedSudanese Nuba people celebrate Fishing activities in africa's largest inland
Kenya KENYA/DEMOCRACY: Church And State On A Collision Course Kenyan President Daniel arap Moi has accused the church in Kenya of trying to topple his government in a manner similar to the 1986 revolution in the Philippines.
From Inter Press Service, featured on the OneWorld News Service 27 February 1998 KENYA/FOOD: WFP Needs More Funds To Get Food to Refugees Some 125,000 refugees in camps in Dadaab, near Kenya's border with Somalia, face an acute shortage of food simply because there isn't enough money available for airlifting supplies to them, according to a U.N. official here.
From Inter Press Service, featured on the OneWorld News Service 23 February 1998 ENVIRONMENT-HEALTH: Pesticides Pose Risk To African Farmers For many farmers in Africa, buying pesticides at the official price is like throwing away a large chunk of hard-earned income, so they opt for cheaper chemicals despite the health risks.
From Inter Press Service, featured on the OneWorld News Service 20 February 1998 MEDIA: 5 journalists die in plane crash Five South African journalists, Derek Rodney of the Johannesburg "Independent", Patrick Wagner of "Getaway Magazine", Anton Schecper, a cameraman for M-net and Getaway Explorer, Herman Portger, a South African aviation photographer, and Roland Geigr, were among the nine people who perished when their light aircraft crashed in the Ngong Hills just outside Nairobi.

12. Untitled
the Netherlands), The africa Development Foundation the Maasai, Barabaig, Hadzabeand Ildorobo. reintegrating marginalized indigenous peoples into Tanzanian
TAKING STOCK IN TANZANIA: PASTORALIST NGOS AND THE INDIGENOUS QUESTION (Draft of an Association of Social Anthropologists Conference Paper) By Greg Cameron
1. The Emergence of the Pastoralist Indigenous NGOs (PINGOs) Forum
The passing of the Land Bill by the Bunge (Parliament) in Dodoma in 1998 was the official culmination of a process set in motion some ten years earlier when the Tanzanian government, bowing to the pressures of the International Monetary Fund, commenced its disengagement from the national economy of Tanzania. For some in the Tanzanian NGO community it merely signalled the de jure recognition by the state that pasture lands were officially open for sale . Indeed the social and economic problems of transhumant pastoralists, who move their livestock seasonally, have increased due to schemes that largely ignore their traditional land rights whether it be from state farms, conservation interests, private agribusiness, or in-migration by small scale agriculturalists. Pastoralists have been the main victims of land settlement and registration policies in Tanzania . Mobilized and registered during the beginning of the transition to political liberalisation, these pastoralist organizations worked hard together advocating on the problem of land alienation in pastoralist areas from the local to international levels. In June 1993, pastoralist NGOs formed a task force to establish an advocacy centre and to coordinate donor and local NGO activities. Early in 1994, pastoralist NGOs held several meetings with the aim of strengthening the task force on advocacy and coordination, and establishing different means of collaboration and mutual support. On 5 March 1994, a meeting of pastoralist NGOs in Arusha decided to convene a special meeting to be held in Terrat-Simanjaro in the Maasai Steppe to form a CBO/NGO network for pastoralist and hunters/gatherers. On 8 April 1994, PINGOs Forum was established as an open and informal network with the aim of supporting and facilitating mutual support of participating organizations.

13. Kenya
first known settlers were hunting groups (dorobo or Bushmen Other peoples from Arabiaand North africa also cent of the people follow indigenous belief systems
The People Population
English is an official language and is widely used for business and government purposes. Kiswahili (also called Swahili) is the other official language, and its use is promoted to encourage national unity. It was chosen as an official language because of its wide use within the country, and—because it shares linguistic roots with other Bantu languages spoken in Kenya—it is accessible to a major portion of the population. Most Kenyans speak the language or dialect of their ethnic group as well as Kiswahili and—except in remote areas—some English.
The majority of Kenyans are Christian. About 40 per cent belong to various Protestant churches, and 30 per cent are Roman Catholic. Approximately 6 per cent are Muslim. Most Muslims live along the coast and in the northeast. About 10 per cent of the people follow indigenous belief systems or non-traditional Christian beliefs. Traditional values emphasize coexistence with animals, and drought is commonly seen as a consequence of the unnecessary killing of animals. Several million hectares of land have been established as national wildlife reserves, hunting has been banned since 1977, and Kenya has been at the forefront of the fight against the illegal elephant ivory trade.

14. Untitled
A mirror in the forest’. The dorobo huntergatherers as an image of the other’,africa 51 (1) 477-495. africa’s indigenous peoples ‘First peoples
Aneesa Kassam and Ali Balla Bashuna
The predicament of the Waata, former hunter-gatherers of East and Northeast Africa: etic and emic perspectives
Aneesa Kassam, Department of Anthropology, University of Durham, England and Ali Balla Bashuna, Marsabit, Kenya Paper to be presented at the Ninth International Conference on Hunters and Gatherers, Edinburgh, Scotland, 9-13 September, 2002.

This paper tells the story of the Waata, former Oromo hunter-gatherers of East and Northeast Africa, who specialized in elephant hunting. It relates how the Waata way of life was brought to an end in the colonial period due to the enactment of wildlife conservation laws and the creation of national parks. Through this policy and that of the containment of ethnic groups to tribal reserves in Kenya, the Waata lost their place in the regional system of production. As a result, they lost their autonomy and became servile members of the Boorana and Gabra Oromo pastoral groups with whom they had traditionally interacted. They thus suffered both external, state, and internal, cultural, discrimination. The paper describes the Waata struggle for self-determination in postcolonial Kenya and reflects on the problems of advocating their cause, both from an emic and etic point of view.
The story is told emically, from the inside, from the point of view of a Waata social activist from Northern Kenya (Bashuna 1993; forthcoming), and etically, from the outside, from the perspective of a social anthropologist (Kassam 1986; 2000). Both researchers have been analysing the problem of the Waata in different ways. Their present collaboration is the outcome of a dialogue that began in Kenya over a decade ago. The paper also reflects on this dialogical process and on the problems of advocating the Waata cause.

15. UNPO Monitor - 2002
MEICSD I am from the Mount Elgon dorobo community, Kenya The indigenous peoples RightsAct states All members of the the rigid view of the N. africa world that
Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organisation
UNPO 2002 The 20th Working Group on Indigenous Peoples - Day 3
Wednesday AM, July 24, 2002
Morning Session 10:00 a.m.

Agenda item 4 continued- Review of recent developments Beverly Longid, Cordillera Peoples Alliance
1. A moratorium on large-scale destructive projects affecting IPs.
2. Develop mechanisms to monitor and evaluate the impact of TNCs and aid agencies, making them accountable for IP rights violations.
3. To work for the rehabilitation of communities’ water systems and forest.
We support the work of the WGIP Christopher Wege, Global Country of World Peace
We are grateful there is this forum to exchange information that is for the good of IPs and all mankind. The UN and states wonder that they cannot bring about peace. Until all nations give freedom and respect to IPs there will be no lasting peace. Nations of the world have superficially imposed cultures over IPs. They should realize IPs who live more simply and close to natural law, are like the foundation on which their house is built. We recognize there can be no peace without removing poverty of more than one quarter of the world’s population. We have developed a plan to do this through Vedic agriculture. It also includes the Global Development currency, which can become a unifying force for IPs. We think the WGIP should be a permanent presence here in Geneva, where it was born

16. UNPO Monitor - 2001
we are known by other communities as dorobo, Mei, Cherangany about the formationin South africa of a newly formed unifying indigenous peoples body, known
Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organisation
UNPO 2001 Day 3, Wednesday AM, July 25, 2001
Working Group, Morning Session
UNPO Monitor of the 19th Session of the WGIP.
Day 3, 25 July 2001 Summary : The day was spent on agenda item 4. Vice President ECOSOC Siminovic addressed the UNWGIP at lunchtime regarding the Permanent Forum Item 4 : Review of developments pertaining to the promotion and protection of human tights and fundamental freedoms of indigenous peoples: Indigenous peoples and their right to development, including their right to participate in development affecting them 44. Mr. Onsino Mato (Siocon Subanon Association) Mentions the case of Canadian mining company TVI trying to secure mining rights on his Ips legally recognised lands, despite the objection of the local Ips. Local mercenaries and police were used by the company to secure access to the land, violent arrests ensued. 45. Mr. Wang-Voyu Chih-Wei (Asian Indigenous Peoples Act) Tsou language: "yokeoasu na mansonsou mu acuhuu maitan'e, coveoza no hamo a'to" I bring greeting in my traditional Tsou language. My name is Voyu Yakumangana, and I represent the indigenous Tsou people of Dapangu community of Ali-Shan. Our people face the same difficulties as many indigenous communities around the world. As we are governed by a colonial state-government, the loss of land, language and culture have always been the most important issues. Our traditional territories, which encompass mountains, forest, minerals, water and natural resources are invaded and exploited by state-government in the name of the "Development". The state-government also denies indigenous peoples of our land title, and make illegitimate transfer of the land deeds to business groups and non-indigenous peoples.

17. Liste Des Nouvelles Acquisitions (Septembre 2002 : Anthropologie)
Translate this page dorobo (Peuple d'Afrique)AttitudesExpositions. reflections on South africa/ Adam Kuper methodologies research and indigenous peoples / Linda Tuhiwai

18. Policy Failure In Kenyan Conservation And Maasailands
area usually was left, in which huntergatherer dorobo lived. Human Rights Watch/africa. Asiema,JK and FDP Situma, 1994, indigenous peoples and the Environment
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19. VADA - Volkeren Peoples Tribes C - D
indigenous peoples in COLOMBIA; COLOUREDS (Namibië Namibia); COLVILLE DANKALIAFAR (Oost Afrika - East africa); Indonesia); DOONES (UK); dorobo (Kenia - Kenya

20. Canadian Field Studies In Africa: Peoples And Cultures Of East Africa
early explorers, who describe peoples encountered and of agrarian economy, indigenousenvironmental knowledge and plains hunters (Okiek/dorobo), inland fishers

Click here to return to the course list.
East Africa enjoys an extraordinary degree of social and cultural diversity, with representatives of all four of the major cultures families of the continent occurring in the region. How did this cultural variety arise, how does it relate to environmental diversity we find in East Africa? Amidst diversity how has the region evolved a high degree of social commonality and cohesion? This course will provide academic context for pursuing field study in East Africa. Including team teaching it will offer background to the history, politics, languages, and cultures of the region, and will focus on study of those societies visited during the program. These will include representatives of the major cultures of the region: Bantu, Nilotic and Cushitic-speakers. The course will includes an introductory overview of the peopling of East Africa, the emergence of ethic groups and evolution of the human use of natural resources, drawing on recent work in genetics archaeology, historical linguistic, and pre-colonial history. We will examine reports written by early explorers, who describe peoples encountered and their own responses to them, and will ask whether these documents reflect accurate accounts of East African societies, and in what ways might they be biased? We will investigate the structure and function of some major social institutions that characterize East Africa s culture groups, among them: local forms of agrarian economy, indigenous environmental knowledge; environmental adaptations, territory and political organization; kinship, age-organization, family, and domestic life; and cultural traditions ; oral literature, ritual, religion and music.

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