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         Georgia Former Ussr Geography:     more detail
  1. Russia and the Independent Nations of The Former USSR: Geofacts and Maps by William A. Dando, L. Jones, et all 1995-01-09
  2. Crisis in the Caucasus: Russia, Georgia and the West
  3. Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia Country Studies (Area Handbook Series) by Glenn E. Curtis, 1995-11
  4. Defending the Border: Identity, Religion, And Modernity in the Republic of Georgia (Culture and Society After Socialism) by Mathijs Pelkmans, 2006-09
  5. The Transcaucasus (Former Soviet Republics Series) by Richard Giragosian, 2001-03-01
  6. Understanding Post-Soviet Transitions: Corruption, Collusion and Clientelism (Euro-Asian Studies) by Christoph H. Stefes, 2006-12-12
  7. Culture and Customs of the Caucasus (Culture and Customs of Europe) by Peter L. Roudik, 2008-11-30

1. Georgia
georgia. geography. Note georgia is currently besieged by interethnic strife in its Abkhazian and South for 97% of former ussr citrus fruits and 93% of former ussr tea; important

Note: Georgia is currently besieged by interethnic strife in its Abkhazian and South Ossetian enclaves. Location Southwestern Asia, bordering the Black Sea, between Turkey and Russia Regional Statistics: Area:
total area: 69,700 sq km
land area: 69,700 sq km
comparative area: slightly larger than South Carolina Land boundaries: total 1,461 km, Armenia 164 km, Azerbaijan 322 km, Russia 723 km, Turkey 252 km Coastline: 310 km Maritime claims:
note: 12 nm in 1973 USSR-Turkish Protocol concerning the sea boundary between the two states in the Black Sea; Georgia claims the coastline along the Black Sea as its international waters, although it cannot control this area and the Russian navy and commercial ships transit freely International disputes: none Climate: warm and pleasant; Mediterranean-like on Black Sea coast Terrain: largely mountainous with Great Caucasus Mountains in the north and Lesser Caucasus Mountains in the south; Kolkhida Lowland opens to the Black Sea in the west; Mtkvari River Basin in the east; good soils in river valley flood plains, foothills of Kolkhida Lowland Natural resources: forest lands, hydropower, manganese deposits, iron ores, copper, minor coal and oil deposits; coastal climate and soils allow for important tea and citrus growth

2. Georgia - Atlapedia Online
namely of Russian Federation, Ukraine, Republic of georgia, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan. realities of polytical geography, the cave treasures of the former ussr are divided between
OFFICIAL NAME: Republic of Georgia
CAPITAL: Tbilisi
SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT: Unitary Multiparty Republic
AREA: 69,700 Sq Km (26,900 Sq Mi)
ESTIMATED 2000 POPULATION LOCATION AND GEOGRAPHY: Georgia is a former republic of the USSR. It is bound by Russia to the north and east, Azerbaijan to the southeast, Armenia to the south, Turkey to the southwest and the Black Sea to the west. In the north the Greater Caucasus Ranges are connected to the Lesser Caucasus Ranges and Armenian Highlands in the south, by the north to south Surami Range. In between these ranges lie a series of fertile plains and valleys while towards the Black Sea coast, the marshy delta of the Rioni River forms the Colchis Swamps. The principal rivers are the Kura and Rioni. Major Cities (pop. est.); Tbilisi 1,270,000, Kutaisi 240,000, Rustavi 158,000, Batumi 137,000, Sukhumi 112,000 (1993). Land Use; forested 39%, pastures 29%, agricultural-cultivated 14%, other 18% (1993). CLIMATE: Georgia has a transitional climate from subtropical along the coastal regions to continental in eastern Georgia. Along the coast there are frostless winters and warm humid summers with humidity and precipitation decreasing in the mountains to the east. Along the coast average annual precipitation varies from 1,200 to 2,800 mm (47 to 110 inches) to 600 to 800 mm (24 to 31.5 inches) in the mountainous regions. Average temperature ranges are from 3 to 6 degrees Celsius (37 to 43 degrees Fahrenheit) in January to 23 to 26 degrees Celsius (73 to 79 degrees Fahrenheit) in August.

3. Geography, Climate ...
given along with crop geography, crop calendar information, growing sources include the "former ussr Agriculture and Trade areas of Kyrgyzstan, Armenia, georgia, and Kazakhstan.
Back to Major World Crop Areas ... The following article appears as Appendix IV of Major World Crop Areas and Climatic Profiles (Handbook of Agriculture #664)
Published by the Joint Agricultural Weather Facility (USDA/NOAA)
The Geography, Climate, and Soils of the Former Soviet Union
Climate and weather are significant factors affecting agricultural production around the world. Both seasonal and regional variability in weather directly influence crop yield potential. In order to improve the global monitoring of agricultural weather, the Joint Agricultural Weather Facility (JAWF), was established within the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), in 1978. JAWF is a cooperative effort between the National Weather Service's Climate Analysis Center (NWS/CAC), USDA's World Agricultural Outlook Board (USDA/WAOB), and National Agricultural Statistics Service (USDA/NASS). The facility's primary function is to coordinate a world agricultural weather watch and assess the impact of weather variability on crop and livestock production prospects (Motha, 1986). One of the primary responsibilities of JAWF is to monitor weather and crop conditions within the former Soviet Union.
With the breakup of the Soviet Union in late 1991, the agricultural system changed from one where most decisions on agricultural programs were centrally planned, originating from Moscow, to one where individual republics and even regional authorities began making these decisions. In the past, the former Soviet government dictated where certain crops were to be grown and set levels on agricultural production. These decisions were based on perceived economic needs and climate considerations. Agriculture was geared to satisfying planners' as opposed to consumers' desires. As a result, crop varieties and production levels between republics often differed considerably.

4. Georgia, Georgia Geography, Georgia People, Georgia Government, Georgia Economy,
INTRODUCTION geography PEOPLE GOVERNMENT ECONOMY georgia. Sak'art'velo. former georgian Soviet Socialist forcibly incorporated into the ussr until the Soviet Union
NOTE!!! The 2003 Edition of My World Atlas is now underway. Come back often, as many new features will be added. As always, My World Atlas contains more information than the CIA World Factbook!!! Please Note: Due to open heart surgery, there was no 2002 version of My World Atlas. If you would like to help support the Atlas (and help me with some medical bills) click on the box to the right to donate a dollar or more towards maintaining this site. Thank-you. SITE
former: Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic
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Background: Georgia was absorbed into the Russian Empire in the 19th century. Independent for three years (1918-1921) following the Russian revolution, it was forcibly incorporated into the USSR until the Soviet Union dissolved in 1991. Russian troops remain garrisoned at four military bases and as peacekeepers in the separatist regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia. The country continues to move toward a market economy and greater integration with Western institutions.
Location: Southwestern Asia, bordering the Black Sea, between Turkey and Russia

5. Turkey At A Glance - Geography
geography It is bordered to the northwest by Greece and Bulgaria, to the east bythe former ussr (georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaican Republics) and Iran, and to

Turkey at a Glance

6. Georgia Economy 1995 - Flags, Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate, Natural Resourc
for 97% of former ussr citrus fruits and 93% of former ussr tea; important NOTEThe information regarding georgia on this page is republished from the 1995

  • Country Ranks
    Economy 1995
      Overview: National product: GDP - purchasing power equivalent - $7.8 billion (1993 estimate from the UN International Comparison Program, as extended to 1991 and published in the World Bank's World Development Report 1993; and as extrapolated to 1993 using official Georgian statistics, which are very uncertain because of major economic changes since 1990) National product real growth rate: -35% (1993 est.) National product per capita: $1,390 (1993 est.) Inflation rate (consumer prices): 40.5% per month (2nd half 1993 est.) Unemployment rate: officially less than 5% but real unemployment may be up near 20%, with even larger numbers of underemployed workers; real unemployment may be up near 20% with even larger numbers of underemployed workers Budget:
      revenues: $NA
      expenditures: $NA, including capital expenditures of $NA
  • 7. Georgia Development Gateway
    their politics, history, conflicts, environment, geography. of reports on differentaspects of georgia. survey concerning external policy of the former ussr.

    8. Turkiye's Sport Portal - V2 :: About Turkey
    geography. It is bordered to the northwest by Greece and Bulgaria, to the east bythe former ussr (georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaican Republics) and Iran, and to
    Ataturk About Turkey Sports in Turkey IYC ... How to Travel Geography The lands of Turkey are located at a point where the three continents making up the old world, Asia, Africa and Europe are closest to each other. Turkey is situated on an area where Europe meets Asia, creating a link between these two continents. The European part of the country is called Thrace, while the Asian part is known as Anatolia (or Asia Minor). It is bordered to the northwest by Greece and Bulgaria, to the east by the former USSR (Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaican Republics) and Iran, and to the south by Iraq and Syria. The Turkish peninsula is bathed by four seas: the Mediterranean to the south, the Aegean to the west, the Sea of Marmara between the European and Asian land masses, and the Black Sea to the north. The entire coastline spans more than 8,000 kilometers (approximately 5,000 miles) in length. Because of its geographical location the mainland of Anatolia has always found favour throughout history, and is the birthplace of many great civilizations. It has also been prominent as a center of commerce because of its land connections to three continents and the sea surrounding it on three side

    Can the former ussr simulate capitalism? HIS. TORICAL geography. Historical geography The Caucasus (A linguistically complex region). Incorporates georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan

    10. Russia And The Independent Nations Of The Former USSR Regional Geography Russia
    and the Independent Nations of the former ussr Regional geography Russia EstoniaLatvia Lithuania Ukraine Armenia Azerbaijan georgia Kazakhstan Tadzhikistan
    Russia and the Independent Nations of the Former USSR Regional geography Russia Estonia Latvia Lithuania Ukraine Armenia Azerbaijan Georgia Kazakhstan Tadzhikistan Travel (Europe) William A Dando
    Subject: Regional geography Russia Estonia Latvia Lithuania Ukraine Armenia Azerbaijan Georgia Kazakhstan Tadzhikistan Travel (Europe)
    Title: Russia and the Independent Nations of the Former USSR
    Author: William A Dando
    Alan Brimer Bristol Achievemen...
    Alan Brimer Bristol Achievemen...

    Alan Brimer Bristol Achievemen...

    Alan Brimer Bristol Achievemen...
    Obermeier Siegfried Don Juan ...

    11. COS Expertise Profile
    University of georgia, geography, Landscape conservation. Expertise and ResearchInterests. Conservation and phytogeography of the former ussr; geography of the
    University of Georgia
    Robert J. Liebermann
    University of Georgia
    College of Arts and Sciences
    Department of Geography
    Graduate Teaching Assistantship Appointed: 1998 Mailing Address Department of Geography
    University of Georgia
    Athens, Georgia 30602 3105
    United States Contact Information Fax: (706) 542 2388
    Qualifications M.A., Western Michigan University, Geography, 1998 B.S., Central Michigan University, Geography and Conservation Biology, 1994 ABD (PhD), University of Georgia, Geography, Landscape conservation Expertise and Research Interests Conservation and phytogeography of the former USSR; Geography of the former USSR; Geography of Canada; Geography of the Great Lakes region of North America; Circumboreal phytogeography; Nature reserve and network design; Landscape ecology and landscape conservation; Large lake geography; Limnoclimatology (lake-influenced climate); Lake island biogeography. Other Expertise Invited lecturerer in island biogeography and ecology for undergraduate summer field station courses, Russian State Hydrometeorological University, St. Petersburg/Primorsk/Kandalaksha, Russia, 2000-2002. Invited reviewer for UNESCO World Heritage sitenominations, 2000.

    12. CIA - The World Factbook 2002 -- Georgia
    Features information about the geography, people, government, economy, transport, communications, and defense forces, plus a map of the country. forcibly incorporated into the ussr until the Soviet Union economic, and security institutions. geography. georgia Sak'art'velo. former georgian Soviet Socialist Republic
    Select a Country Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Andorra Angola Anguilla Antarctica Antigua and Barbuda Arctic Ocean Argentina Armenia Aruba Ashmore and Cartier Islands Atlantic Ocean Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas, The Bahrain Baker Island Bangladesh Barbados Bassas da India Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Bouvet Island Brazil British Indian Ocean Territory British Virgin Islands Brunei Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burma Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China Christmas Island Clipperton Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Colombia Comoros Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Cook Islands Coral Sea Islands Costa Rica Cote d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic East Timor Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Europa Island Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) Faroe Islands Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Polynesia French Southern and Antarctic Lands Gabon Gambia, The

    13. Robert J. Liebermann, Short Vita
    1. University of georgia geography Graduate Teaching Assistantship 1998 the taiga,Canada, the former ussr, Michigan, geography, mountain environments
    Robert J. Liebermann Graduate student, Department of Geography
    University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602 2502 USA contact info A pdf file of my current [September 02] resume is here Education: Degrees: PhD Candidate , Department of Geography University of Georgia , Athens, Georgia. ABD as of May 2001.
    MA, 1998 Geography Western Michigan University , Kalamazoo, Michigan.
    BS, 1994 Geography and Conservation Biology Central Michigan University , Mount Pleasant, Michigan. Includes one year study and research at Belarusian State University , Minsk, Belarus. Academic and research interests: Geography, ecology, and conservation; mountain geography; circumboreal phytogeography; geography of large lakes and biogeography of large lake islands; nature reserve design and management; rare plant ecology and conservation; limnoclimatology; Soviet and post-Soviet natural science and conservation, and all aspects of the cultural and natural geography of the USSR and post-Soviet states, Canada, and the Great Lakes region of North America. I am whenever possible international, interdisciplinary, and applied in my influence and perspective. Graduate research: Landscape Conservation and Ecological Connectivity in the East Carpathian Mountains, Ukraine

    14. Quick Maps Of The World - Flags, Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate, Natural Reso
    Gambia. Gaza Strip. georgia. Germany. Ghana. Gibraltar Soviet Union (former) ussr. Spain. Sri Lanka 11 March 2003. geography Economy people communications transportation, flags
    Buy a Wall Map
    * Visit Ringtones
    Quick Maps
      Small GIF maps of the countries of the world, added to this site, one at a time, in order of demand.
    A B C D ... W * X * Y Z

    15. Armenia
    geography. Karabakh conflict is settled and until transportation through georgia improves including(as a percent of output of former ussr) metalcutting machine
    Location: Southwestern Asia, between Turkey and Azerbaijan Area:
    total area 29,800 sq km
    land area 28,400 sq km Land boundaries: total 1,254 km, Azerbaijan (east) 566 km, Azerbaijan (south) 221 km, Georgia 164 km, Iran 35 km, Turkey 268 km Coastline: km (landlocked) Climate: highland continental, hot summers, cold winters Terrain: high Armenian Plateau with mountains; little forest land; fast flowing rivers; good soil in Aras River valley Land use:
    arable land
    permanent crops
    meadows and pastures
    forest and woodland
    Irrigated land: 3,050 sq km (1990) Environment:
    current issues soil pollution from toxic chemicals such as DDT; energy blockade, the result of conflict with Azerbaijan, has led to deforestation as citizens scavenge for firewood; pollution of Hrazdan (Razdan) and Aras Rivers; the draining of Lake Sevan, a result of its use as a source for hydropower, threatens drinking water supplies; air pollution in Yerevan
    natural hazards occasionally severe earthquakes (25,000 people killed in major quake in 1988); subject to drought
    international agreements party to - Biodiversity, Climate Change

    16. Largest Caves Of Former USSR
    Following the realities of polytical geography, the cave treasures of the formerUSSR are divided Longest, m Deepest, m Republic of georgia 1. Snezhnaya
    Russian Speleo Info Centre
    This page presents a list of biggest caves of fUSSR, namely of Russian Federation, Ukraine, Republic of Georgia, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan. Not yet presented are Republics of Moldova, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Tajikistan, and Kyrgyzstan. I am not sure about existence of caves in other fUSSR countries (Bielorussia, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, and Kazakstan). If you know please inform me! Much more up-to-date and comprehensive list of fUSSR caves may be found in Russian version of this page. I'll make these pages identical as soon as I find time to do it.
    Largest caves of some new countries of the former USSR
    [This article has been written by Alexander Klimchouk in 1992 and published in "Svet" magazine (Kiev, Ukraine) in 1993. I only translated and slightly modified it - GS During the last year the USSR has been ultimately divided into several independent states. Following the realities of polytical geography, the cave treasures of the former USSR are divided between the newborn states in the list below (as for December 1992). Longest, m Deepest, m

    17. Asia, INDIA Maps And Atlases From East View Cartographic, Leader In Transition T
    East Asia, georgia, Himalaya, Hong Kong, Europe, former ussr, Latin America, MiddleEast, Climatology, Cultural geography, Economic geography, Environmental geography,
    home about east view standing orders service specials: Ukrainian maps ... site map Search GIS / Map Librarian Position shopping cart my account Browse Regions Browse Types Topographic
    ... Transport Geography

    what's new
    samples specials: Ukrainian maps contact us ... publications

    South Africa); Gaspé Peninsula (QC); geography, physical; geology (large, variedfiles, full identification); georgia, Republic of (former ussr); giraffes; Giza
    Eugene G. Schulz
    No Images Stocklist Latest Coverage
    Eugene G. Schulz is a participant in AGPix Live.
    Complete Stocklist
    • Acapulco (Mexico)
    • Acropolis (Greece)
    • adventure travel
    • Aegean Sea
    • Africa (variety of coverage)
    • Africa (geography)
    • Africa (national parks, other public lands, wildernesses)
    • Africa (nature, environment)
    • Africa (tourism, destinations, attractions)
    • Africa (wildlife)
    • Alaska (national parks, other public lands, wildernesses)
    • albatrosses
    • Alexandria (Egypt)
    • Alice Springs (Australia)
    • Amboseli NP (Kenya)
    • Anchorage (AK)
    • Antarctic (variety of coverage)
    • Antarctic (geography)
    • Antarctic (natural history)
    • Antarctic (wildlife)
    • antiquity (art, ruins, sites, etc.)
    • Antwerp (Belgium)
    • Anza-Borrego Desert SP (CA)
    • archaeology (specialist in)
    • architecture
    • Arctic (geography)
    • Arizona (national parks, other public lands, wildernesses)
    • Armenia
    • Asia (variety of coverage)
    • Asia (architecture, buildings, structures)
    • Asia (geography)
    • Asia (history, antiquity, archeology)
    • Asia (tourism, destinations, attractions)
    • Athens (Greece)
    • Australia (variety of coverage)
    • Australia (geography)
    • Australia (tourism, destinations, attractions)

    Florida (geography); Florida (history); Fundy NP (NS); georgia, Republicof (former ussr); georgia (US) (selected subjects); Grandfather Mtn.
    Jim Hargan
    No Images Stocklist Latest Coverage Complete Stocklist Specialties Geographic General Subjects Natural History
    Geographic Coverage

    Jim Hargan is a participant in both AGPix's Blue Book and Green Book. Below are the Geographic stocklists from each book. The Green Book is organized around the descriptions of the stock collections of individual photographers and stock agents. These are supported by comprehensive indexes covering General Stock, Geographic (including Public Lands) and Natural History.
    Blue Book Geographic Stocklist
    • Acadia NP (ME)
    • Alabama (selected subjects)
    • Alberta (Canada) (selected subjects)
    • Alberta (Canada) (national parks, other public lands)
    • Alberta (Canada) (tourism, destinations, accommodations)
    • Amelia Is. (FL)
    • Appalachian Mtns.
    • Appalachian NST (WV)
    • Arches NP (UT)
    • Arkansas (selected subjects)
    • Arkansas (national parks, other public lands)
    • Armenia
    • Asheville (NC)
    • Atlanta (GA)
    • Atlantic Ocean
    • Austin (TX)
    • Azerbaijan
    • Banff NP (AB)
    • Banff town site (AB)
    • Bar Harbor (ME)
    • Bath (England)
    • Baxter SP (ME)
    • Big Bend NP (TX)
    • Birmingham (AL)
    • Blue Ridge Mtns.

    20. Faculty
    French, SerboCroatian, Czech Field experience Russia, georgia, Moldova, Kyrgyzstan contributionsto CREECA Teaches courses on geography of former ussr.
    KAISER, Robert J . Professor of Geography, appointed 2002.
    B.S. 1980 State University of New York College at Brockport (summa cum laude)
    M.A. 1985 Columbia University
    M.Phil 1986 Columbia University
    Ph.D. 1988 Columbia University Languages : Russian, French, Serbo-Croatian, Czech
    Field experience : Russia, Georgia, Moldova, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakstan. Poland. former Yugoslavia, former Czechoslovakia
    Current research : The geography of nationalism in the Soviet successor states, ethnic restratification and changing interethnic relations in the republics of the Russian Federation Major publications "Political Indigenization and Homeland Making in Russia's Republics," Report. One of the NCEEER Research Grant The Geography of Nationalization and Natinalism in Russia's Republics. Washington, DC: NCEER, 2000.
    "Ethnic Restratification in Russia's Republics." Report Two of the NCEER Research Grant The Geography of Nationalization and Natinalism in Russia's Republics. Washington, DC: NCEER, 2000.

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