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1. Indigenous Mathematics Of North America - Mathematics And The
and the Tshokwe, Bushoong, and kpelle of africa. The Bushoong, and The kpelle ofGuinea. and geometric shapes in various North American indigenous peoples.
Indigenous Mathematics of North America - Mathematics and the Liberal Arts
To refine search, see subtopics The Inuit American Indians , and The Bellacoola . To expand search, see Indigenous American Mathematics and North America . Laterally related topics: Indigenous Mathematics of Central and South America and The United States The Mathematics and the Liberal Arts pages are intended to be a resource for student research projects and for teachers interested in using the history of mathematics in their courses. Many pages focus on ethnomathematics and in the connections between mathematics and other disciplines. The notes in these pages are intended as much to evoke ideas as to indicate what the books and articles are about. They are not intended as reviews. However, some items have been reviewed in Mathematical Reviews , published by The American Mathematical Society. When the mathematical review (MR) number and reviewer are known to the author of these pages, they are given as part of the bibliographic citation. Subscribing institutions can access the more recent MR reviews online through MathSciNet Ascher, Marcia and Ascher, Robert. Ethnomathematics.

2. Indigenous American Mathematics - Mathematics And The Liberal
Indians, The Sioux, and The kpelle of Guinea Less is known about astronomy in africa,but the are many interesting examples from the indigenous peoples of North
Indigenous American Mathematics - Mathematics and the Liberal Arts
To refine search, see subtopics Indigenous Mathematics of North America and Indigenous Mathematics of Central and South America . To expand search, see The Americas . Laterally related topics: North America and Central and South America The Mathematics and the Liberal Arts pages are intended to be a resource for student research projects and for teachers interested in using the history of mathematics in their courses. Many pages focus on ethnomathematics and in the connections between mathematics and other disciplines. The notes in these pages are intended as much to evoke ideas as to indicate what the books and articles are about. They are not intended as reviews. However, some items have been reviewed in Mathematical Reviews , published by The American Mathematical Society. When the mathematical review (MR) number and reviewer are known to the author of these pages, they are given as part of the bibliographic citation. Subscribing institutions can access the more recent MR reviews online through MathSciNet Ascher, Marcia. Before the conquest.

3. H-AFRICA Messages For August 1995: REPLY: Background To Probs In Liberia And Sie
Fulton, Richard M. The kpelle Traditional Political System Relations Between Settlersand indigenous peoples in Western of Free Negroes on the Coast of africa.
REPLY: Background to probs in Liberia and Sierra Leone
Fri, 25 Aug 1995 19:52:07 GMT-5
Date sent: Wed, 23 Aug 1995
From: Stephen Smith
I have, for several years, been working on the political and
constitutional history of Liberia, and I, too, would like to know if
others are presently working in this area. Below is a partial
bibliography (somewhat dated).
Allen, Macon B. to Simon Greenleaf, 17 April 1847. Simon Greenleaf
Papers, Harvard Law School. Box 1, Folder 5.
Becker-Donner, Etta. Hinterland Liberia. Trans. Winifred M. Deans. Benedict, Samuel to Simon Greenleaf, 13 August 1842. Simon Greenleaf Papers, Harvard Law School. Box 3, Folder 2. Benedict, Samuel to Simon Greenleaf, 7 March 1843. Simon Greenleaf Papers, Harvard Law School. Box 3, Folder 2.

4. People
In the southwest the indigenous Kwa peoples also belonging to d'Ivoire since the 17thcentury include the Ane (or Mina), the GaAdangme, the kpelle and the
Country Info Togo Introduction Togo General Data Togo Maps Togo Culture ... Togo Time and Date Togo People Back to Top The population of Togo comprises about 30 ethnic groups, many of whom are immigrants from other parts of western Africa. The groups indigenous to Togo live in the north and southwest. The northern groups include the following Gur-speaking Voltaic peoples: the Gurma; the Natemba, Dye, Bu-Bankam, Bu-Kombong, and Konkomba; the Tamberma; the Basari; the Moba; the Naudemba (Losso); the Kabre and Logba; and the Namba (Lamba); a small number of West Atlantic-speaking Fulani; and the Kebu (Akebu). In the southwest the indigenous Kwa peoples also belonging to the central Togo group are the Akposo, the Adele, and the Ahlo. The immigrants came from east, west, and north. The Ewe, who emigrated from Nigeria between the 14th and 16th century, form the major ethnic group. There are also some scattered Yoruba, mainly Ana. Groups who emigrated from present-day Ghana and Côte d'Ivoire since the 17th century include the Ane (or Mina), the Ga-Adangme, the Kpelle and the Anyana, the Chakossi, and the Dagomba. The northern groups of the Tem (Kotokoli and Temba), Gurma, and Mossi came from the north, mainly from areas in Burkina Faso.
Countries Map or Maps
Egypt Maps
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England Maps

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... from HomePage

5. Anthropology 001 Fall Semester 1996
I appreciate your interest in learning more about this complex, crucial, and littleunderstood area of the world. 195a SEMINAR peoples AND CULTURES OF africa FALL 1996 constructions of africa through indigenous literature, travelers reports, and chiefdoms (Suku, kpelle) Mixed economies with
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6. Stanford University - Anthropological Sciences - Faculty Notes
editor of and contributor to peoples of africa Paye, which portrays conflict resolutionamong the kpelle. a Program Director for indigenous Resource Management
Anth Sci Faculty Notes
Clickable names lead to individual web sites.
For contact information, check out Stanford Who
Clifford R. Barnett Professor Emeritus of Anthropological Sciences; Ph.D. Cornell 1960
Medical anthropology, applied anthropology; aging; field methods and ethics; North America, South America.
Dr. Barnett's dual interests in medical anthropology and in the application of anthropology to contemporary problems have led to fieldwork in Arizona (Navajo and Zuni), Guatemala, Peru (Vicos), Ethiopia, and contemporary U.S. society. Earlier in his career, Dr. Barnett carried out culture-at-a-distance studies of Poland and Cuba, both published in the Human Relations Area Files series on world cultures (along with similar studies he contributed on the Soviet Union, Iran and Ethiopia). He left the faculty of Cornell University Medical School in 1964 to accept a joint appointment at Stanford in the Departments of Anthropology and Pediatrics. At Stanford, Dr. Barnett has carried out interdisciplinary studies of premature infants and intensive nursery care; the impact of genetic counseling on the reproductive decisions made by families; implementation and impact of state-wide child health programs; and problems of the elderly. He also has co-directed a study of population genetics, population dynamics and culture change among Mayan Indians on the shores of Lake Atitlan, Guatemala. Presently Dr. Barnett is working in three areas: the relationship of stress to poor pregnancy outcomes among teenagers in San Jose, California; the relationship of diet and activity to the increase in diabetes among Navajo Indians; and as co-director of the Zuni-Stanford Program, an interdisciplinary program involving Stanford faculty, administration and students in a variety of projects at Zuni, New Mexico, being carried out at the request of Zuni tribal and school officials.

7. Resource Information Center Liberia Information On The Physical
ethnic community organizations / cultural heritage / indigenous peoples. draw membersfrom the kpelle, Mende, Loma africa researcher Solomon Toweh notes that

8. Community Radios Worldwide
linguistic and cultural minorities, indigenous peoples, migrants and human rightsbattles in africa and other Liberian English, Lorma, Kissi, kpelle, Krahn, Kru
Community Radios Worldwide Front Page Radio Stations by continents Resources for the community radio Discussion Forum ... Articles New! Audio On Demand New!
(RealAudio) About us AMARC-Africa New!
ALERTS Senegal: Dakar - AMARC AFRICA : Second pan-african conference, in progress from the 22 nd to the 28 th January 2001.

9. Liberia
53, 60 5 (2000 est) Ethnic groups 95 indigenous peoples, including the kpelle,Bassa, Gio The blue canton symbolizes the dark continent of africa.
HOME Internet Access Broadband Easter ... Travel
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Country Facts On This Day ... Wildlife TOOLS Car Insurance Cheap Flights Downloads Email By Phone ... What's On TISCALI About Us Business Services Investor Relations Contact Us Find a country's flag, map or national anthem here. Click on a letter to find the country: A B C D ... Z Or search for a country:
HUTCHINSON COUNTRY FACTS Liberia General Information

Economy and resources

Population and society

GENERAL INFORMATION National name Republic of Liberia Area 111,370 sq km/42,999 sq mi Capital Monrovia (and chief port) Major towns/cities Bensonville, Saniquillie, Gbarnga, Voinjama, Buchanan Major ports Buchanan, Greenville Physical features forested highlands swampy tropical coast where six rivers enter the sea back to top GOVERNMENT Head of state and government Charles Ghankay Taylor from 1997 Political system emergent democracy Political executive limited presidency Administrative divisions 13 counties Political parties National Democratic Party of Liberia (NDPL), nationalist, left of centre National Patriotic Front of Liberia (NPFL), left of centre United Democratic Movement of Liberia for Democracy (Ulimo), left of centre National Patriotic Party (NPP), antidemocratic

10. A Cultural Revolution In Africa: The Role Of Literacy In The Republic Of Guinea
Maninka, Susu, Pular, Kissi, Guerzé (kpelle), Tome (Loma inferior because they possessedno indigenous written form linked to that of other peoples with whom'koliteracy&guinea.html
A Cultural Revolution in Africa: The Role of Literacy in the Republic of Guinea since Independence Dianne White Oyler, Ph.D. Fayetteville State University. Songs of Souleymane Kanté Ecriture Télé-Enseignement Intervention ... kafa lu serede “Culture is a better means of domination than the gun.” "Ahmed Sékou Touré" At the time of their independence most African nations attempted a process of decolonization in the three spheres of European imperialism, political, economic, and cultural. While this process in the political and economic arenas is apparent, decolonization of the cultural area is much harder to define and to illustrate because European cultural impositions had usurped the areas of language, socialization through education, and technology from simple writing to electronic media. However, in the Republic of Guinea the process can be clearly documented. Its approach to cultural decolonization can be analyzed in light of the more formal “Cultural Revolution” launched by its independence leader Sékou Touré in 1958 as a policy of the First Republic. Touré’s objective was to validate the indigenous cultures that had been denigrated by the Europeans while at the same time creating a Guinean national consciousness. In other words, Touré launched a country-wide campaign to recapture indigenous culture by formally focusing on language and education.

11. Africa:Forests Under Threat
projects create seldom improve local peoples' quality of for sustainable forestexploitation, indigenous people practiced are home to the kpelle, Bassa, Gio
Publications Africa: Forests under threat index LIBERIA
By different means the World Bank is one of the major and most influential promoters of the prevailing monoculture tree plantation model. The International Finance Corporation (IFC) - a part of the World Bank Group, whose specific task is the promotion of private sector investment in "poor" countries - has been directly investing in projects linked to tree plantations, for example in Kenya and Brazil. The Liberian Agricultural Company (LAC) will receive a loan of US$ 3.5 million to develop a rubber plantation in its 120,000 hectares estate. Between 1961 and 1984 the company had planted rubber there in an area of 10,500 hectares, which was abandoned because of the civil war. According to its promoters, the project will create jobs, provide health and education, and improve rural infrastructure, benefiting 800 small holders. The silent destruction of the forests Seldom are there news arriving from Liberia. This country, located in the West African region, with shores on the Atlantic Ocean and bounded in the West by Sierra Leone, Guinea in the North and Ivory Coast in the East, ranks amongst the world's poorest countries and bears the weight of a huge foreign debt. An accelerated process of environmental degradation - including forests - is also affecting the country. Several activities - as mining, plantations and logging - are destroying the dense tropical rainforests.

12. WRM Bulletin Nº 58 / May 2002
of which are home to the kpelle, Bassa, Gio is latest gateway for rape of africa'srainforests , The mid 1980s, the plight of the indigenous peoples of Sarawak
WRM Bulletin To download the bulletin in RTF format click here
For free subscription

Previous issues

13. Liberia
African tribes 95% (including kpelle, Bassa, Gio based on unwritten tribal practicesfor indigenous sector. Harry MONIBA, chairman; Liberian peoples Party or Countries/Liberia.htm
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14. West Africa
A majority of the population is indigenous Africans who make up more The largest arethe kpelle and Bassa. of the Yoruba, Ibo, and northern Moslem peoples is a
West Africa
  • Regional Characteristics
      Location Physical Settings Agriculture Development Population Culture
      Nigeria Benin Togo Ghana Burkina Faso Ivory Coast Liberia Sierra Leone Guinea Guinea-Bissau Senegal Gambia
    References Questions
  • Regional Characteristics
    Located in sub-Saharan Africa, West Africa is defined by a series of elongated countries that border the Atlantic Ocean, with an exception of Burkina Faso. The countries are small in area compared to the other parts of Africa. Western Africa makes up the largest population cluster in sub-Saharan Africa. Most of the population lives in the southern coastal area, along the Atlantic, a result of European trading that led to economic development beginning in the 1200s. The area consists of plateaus with coastal plains. The coastal areas have a tropical climate while the northern areas transition to savannas. The countries to the north that extend across the southern Sahara tend to be very large, mostly steppe, and contain a lot of deserts. While the remaining West African countries tend to be smaller, elongated and have wetter environments. West African agriculture is based on cash crops for exports in the coastal trade areas. There are many different sorts of exports that come out of Western Africa. The most common crops are peanuts, sorghum, cotton, rice, cassava, coffee, and livestock. One of the most important crops for countries like Cote d'Ivoire and Ghana is cacao, which is grown in the fertile soil of the wet areas. The countries of West Africa have incomes to a large extent derived from the sale of their products on the international market.

    15. Online Readings In Psychology And Culture, Unit 3, Chapter 1
    for trading, emerged among indigenous coastal peoples of africa total dismantlingof the slaves' indigenous languages, it 1971) found that the kpelle of Liberia

    16. Africa Today--From "Dancing With Porcupines" To "Twirling A Hoe": Musical Labor
    work parties in Haiti, or to the kpelle women's societies of The peoples of GreaterUnyamwezi. The indigenous Political System of the Sukuma and Proposals for
    from Africa Today Volume 48, Number 4
    From "Dancing with Porcupines" to "Twirling a Hoe": Musical Labor Transformed in Sukumaland, Tanzania
    Frank Gunderson
    Permission to Copy You may download, save, or print for your personal use without permission. If you wish to disseminate the electronic article, or to produce multiple copies for classroom or educational use, please request permission from:
    Professional Relations Department
    222 Rosewood Drive
    Danvers MA 01923 FAX: 978-750-4470/4744
    Web address: For other permissions or reprint use contact: Rights and Permissions, Journals Division
    Indiana University Press
    601 North Morton St.
    Bloomington, IN 47404 FAX: 812 855-8507
    E-mail: In the Sukuma area of northwest Tanzania, farmer-musicians, or farmers who compose and perform music, introduce themselves in public interactions first as farmers, with the phrase "I am a farmer, I hold a hoe," and second as performers, with the phrase "I am also a dancer, I twirl a hoe." Identification with music operates on many psychological and cultural levels from childhood to old age, and is reinforced and expressed most cogently in their use of song during cotton farming. Cotton farming is a relatively recent chapter in Sukuma history, a result of (and creative response to) British colonial government requirements between the two world wars. A new farming class emerged, which drew on prior musical labor fraternities such as medicinal societies, hunting societies, porters, and military organizations for their personnel, musical repertory, and dance paraphernalia. The Sukuma made the imposition of long-distance migrant labor and cotton cropping their own by making these labors musical. The author discusses how Sukuma farmers developed musical farming from these prior musical labor practices, and provides several examples of this transformation.

    17. Liberia Fact File
    Bandi, Bassa, Gio, Gola, Grebo Kissi, kpelle Krahn, Kru the Elizabeth’s missionto africa and the between the AmericoLiberians and the indigenous peoples.
    Geographic Map
    General Information
    Natural resources
    Economy ...
    Security Information
    General Information
    Official Name:
    Republic of Liberia
    Monrovia - population: 1,3m
    Head of Government and Chief State:
    National Currencies and current exchange rates:
    National Day and other important days:
    1 January (New Year's Day), 11 February, 15 March, 12 April, 14 May, 25 May, 26 July, 24 August, 24 October, 29 November, 25 December (Christmas). Variable dates: Decoration Day (second Wednesday in March), Good Friday, Fast and Prayer Day (second Friday in April), Thanksgiving (first Thursday in Nov).
    System Of Government:
    Unitary republic
    Ethnic groups:
    Indigenous African tribes 95% (including Kpelle, Bassa, Gio, Kru, Grebo, Mano, Krahn, Gola, Gbandi, Loma, Kissi, Vai, and Bella), Americo-Liberianns 2.5% (descendants of immigrants from the US who had been slaves)
    and Kru.
    Traditional 70%, Muslim 20%, Christian 10%
    Total area: 111,370 sq km; Land area: 96,320 sq km; Water: 15,050 sq km;

    18. Analysis
    pp.4251 of 'Back to africa' by Richard For instance, a kpelle student should be testedon Exhibits of artifacts depicting indigenous peoples should be readily
    UN L ist of Travel Banned Liberians, and Their Weapons Smugglers:
    CONTACT the Next Immigration Near You if any of the listed persons is seen. The Illusion of Unity: A Rejoinder to Mrs. Sando Jones'Fallacies
    By Renford Engelbert Walsh 30 January 2003 INTRODUCTION Mrs. Sando Jones' January 23, 2003 letter to the 'New Democrat' with caption ' You, The Tribalist is a classic example of some of the fallacious analyses that some Liberians cultivate and dissipate. Such people tend to ignore many of the historical facts associated with Liberia's evolution and unknowingly utter comments which may spark controversy. That's just what happened recently, which has led this author to contribute to the discussion. Accordingly, this article seeks to deviate from the norm of staunchly defending vested interests of either side. Rather, it begins with an analysis of the problem, proceeds to a definition of Americo-Liberians and examines some of the misconceptions retained about that group. In later sections, some suggestions shall be proffered to readers as possible measures which could be taken to facilitate unification of the two historic groups. Lastly, an opportunity would be used to draw attention to an emerging dichotomy between most Liberians who have natural-born ancestry and other Liberians who have strong ties to immigrants from neighboring African countries.

    19. Ghana4
    for Environment Information Knowledge in africa (CEIKA privacy rights for individualsand indigenous peoples, and liability Danian kpelle, Wildlife Department.
    Best Practices of Environmental Information Systems in Ghana - Appendices
    CEIKA home page Environment Information Systems State of the environment reporting Ghana EIS Best Practises Main Page ... Ghana EIS Best Practises - Page 4
    Ghana EIS Best Practises - Appendices - this page.. Annexe I Institutions Surveyed
    Annexe II: : Background issues and related matters.
    Annexe III: Terms of reference for the local expert team
    Annexe IV: List of Delegates to November Workshop
    Annexe V: November 19 Workshop Report
    Annexe VI: The first EIS questionnaire answers and analysis
    Annexe VII: The second EIS questionnaire answers and analysis
    Reference Documents and Publications Top of page Annexe I: Institutions Surveyed CSD Cocoa Services Division
    DFR Department of Feeder Roads DUR Department of Urban Roads EPA Environmental Protection Agency FD Forestry Department GNPC Ghana National Petroleum Corporation GSD Geological Survey Department GSS Ghana Statistical Service HSD Hydrological Services Department INSTI Institute for Scientific and Technology Information IRNR UST Institute of Renewable Natural Resources LC Lands Commission LIPOC Land Information Project Operations Committee MSD Meteorological Services Department NDPC National Development Planning Commission NRMP Natural Resources Management Project PIP Population Impact Project RSAU Remote Sensing Application Unit SRI Soil Research Institute SD Survey Department WD Ghana Wildlife Department WRC Water Resources Commission WRI World Resources Institute WRIG Water Research Institute of Ghana

    20. African Studies Videos
    Vital concepts indigenous to the Ibos of southeastern Nigeria Many old customs ofthe kpelle are still alive the Mossi, Winiama, Bobo and other peoples of the
    A Guide to Videos in African Studies
    Columbia University Libraries
    elsewhere at Columbia.
    (January 2003)
    Compiled by Dr. Joseph S. Caruso,
    African Studies Department
    , Columbia University Libraries
    Send comments or questions to:
    Most of the video titles listed and summarized here are available at one of two locations: Butler Media Center, 208B Butler Library ; and, Barnard Media Center, Barnard Library, Barnard College. ***PLEASE NOTE : Access to videos at Columbia University are restricted to persons with current Columbia IDs and library borrowing privileges.
  • Butler Media Collections, 208B, Butler Reserves, Butler Library
    • RESERVES: On-site for all CUID holders or off-site viewing (with prior arrangements) for Columbia faculty only.
    • GENERAL: On-site viewing and over night loan periods for CUID holders to view videos off-site.
    • For more information, see the LibraryWeb guide to the Butler Media collection.
  • Barnard Media Center, Barnard Library, Lehman Hall, Barnard College : Students and faculty with Columbia ID can view videos on-site. Only Barnard faculty can borrow videos for off-site viewing/classroom use. Elsewhere
  • At the , students and faculty with Columbia ID can view on-site; only Columbia "officers" can borrow videos off-site.
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