|8. Korea, Vietnam, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Burma, Tibet, & Mongolia |
the traditional colors, for the five elements and/or the five peoples. kusu Wang,166214. The appearance, then, is that this was the indigenous language group
The Periphery of China The principle behind this page and this index is that of China as the "Middle Kingdom", with the rest of the world arranged around it. This works pretty well for the countries listed, as does the Chinese five element theory. For Earth (yellow), in the Center, is China itself. For Water (black), in the North, is Mongolia. For
Korea, Vietnam, Thailand, Laos,
Cambodia, Burma, Tibet, and Mongolia
Metal (white), in the West, is Tibet. For Fire (red), in the South, are Vietnam, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, and Burma. And for Wood (green/blue), in the East, are Korea and Japan. Anomalies here are the Southeast Asian group, of Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, and Burma, and then Japan and Mongolia. Thailand (with Laos), although seeking and accepting a diploma from China for its ruler as a king ( wang ), nevertheless is largely a sub-Indian rather than a sub-Chinese culture, with Theravada Buddhism and a Sanskrit -derived alphabet. Burma, which was occasionally invaded from China, and sometimes under Chinese suzerainty, was also a sub-Indian civilization. Cambodia, with Champa , at first developed quite independenly of China, under Indian influence from Indonesia, later, like Thailand, came under Chinese influence. These Theravada states are thus all colored more orange than red, to indicate their cultural status in relation to India rather than China.