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         Mangbetu Indigenous Peoples Africa:     more detail

1. 100gogo Expedition Of Africa, Africa's Super Predators & Mammals Safari
are many large Sudanicspeaking peoples, such as the Sara, mangbetu, and Azande Theother indigenous groups are all Bantu-speaking peoples, originally from
Africa - The Birthplace of Modern Humans You either love it or hate it . . . Africa Map Click here to see large map
Features of Africa
Africa is the second-largest continent , after Asia, covering 30,330,000 sq km; about 22% of the total land area of the Earth. It measures about 8,000 km from north to south and about 7,360 km from east to west. The highest point on the continent is Mt. Kilimanjaro - Uhuru Point - (5,963 m/19,340 ft) in Tanzania. The lowest is Lake 'Asal (153 m/502 ft below sea level) in Djibouti. The Forests cover about one-fifth of the total land area of the continent.
The Woodlands, bush lands, grasslands and thickets occupy about two-fifth.
And the Deserts and their extended margins have the remaining two-fifths of African land. World's longest river : The River Nile drains north-eastern Africa, and, at 6,650 km (4,132 mi), is the longest river in the world. It is formed from the Blue Nile, which originates at Lake Tana in Ethiopia, and the White Nile, which originates at Lake Victoria. World's second largest lake : Lake Victoria is the largest lake in Africa and the is the world's second-largest freshwater lake - covering an area of 69,490 sq km (26,830 sq mi) and lies 1,130 m (3,720 ft) above sea level. Its greatest known depth is 82 m (270 ft).

2. Subsaharanlist
Object in SubSaharan africa " Hurst Gallery, 1997 p.26.) Sickle knife. mangbetu peoples, Democratic Republic of Congo basing its shape on indigenous wooden throwing sticks which
Hurst Gallery exhibit archives...
After browsing, close this window to return to the Hurst Gallery web site which should currently be open in an earlier window.
Sub-Saharan Designs: Crafts of the African Potter and Smith:
Exhibtion List
Pottery 1. ST-061899-01
Bura-Asinda-Sikka, Burkina Faso
3rd-11th century A.D.
Terra cotta
H: 5.5 in., W: 4 in.
The heads of the Bura-Asinda-Sikka are usually completely flat, are distinguished by great simplicity and in most cases are decorated with logitudinal bulges in relief (Schaedler, 1997). 2. ST-061899-02
Bura-Asinda-Sikka, Burkina Faso
3rd-11th century A.D. Terra cotta H: 5.5 in., W: 4 in. 3. ST-061899-03 Head Bura-Asinda-Sikka, Burkina Faso 3rd-11th century A.D. Terra cotta W: 3 in. 4. ST-061899-04 Head Nok, Nigeria 500 B.C.-200 A.D. Terra cotta 500 B.C.-200 A.D L: 4 in., W: 3 in.

3. VADA - Volkeren En Stammen Peoples Tribes M MANGBETU (Democratische Republiek Co
East african Community. africa. East Indian Communities in the Caribbean Eastern Cape. africa. Ebira. africa. Ebola. africa. Ebony. United States

4. 1Up Info > Zaire > Non-Bantu-Speakers Of The Northern Savannas And Forest Fringe
1UpInfo Country Studies Country Guide for Zaire . Singapore. Somalia. South africa. South Korea Zande, the mangbetu established states incorporating other peoples and established commoner groups. The indigenous people came to think
You are here 1Up Info Zaire
People ... News Search 1Up Info
Non-Bantu-Speakers of the Northern Savannas and Forest Fringe
Figure 9. Distribution of Principal Ethnic Groups
Source: Based on information from Jan Vansina, Introduction a l'ethnographie du Congo , Kinshasa, 1966. Northwestern and north-central Zaire, more specifically the subregions of Ubangi and Mongala in Équateur Region, have been occupied by speakers of the eastern section of the Adamawa-Eastern language family since their arrival in the seventeenth or eighteenth century (see fig. 9 ). They are classed into three major ethnic groups, namely the Ngbandi, the Ngbaka, and the Bandaspeaking groups (of which the Mbanja are the most important). Conflicts and migrations have dispersed these groups to some degree; the Mbanja in particular do not occupy a contiguous territory. Northeastern Zaire, specifically in the subregion of Bas-Uele and the northern portions of Haut-Ueleboth in Haut-Zaïreis peopled by a heterogeneous group called the Zande, also speakers of the eastern section of the Adamawa-Eastern language family. The Zande are sometimes divided into two sections: to the east, the Vungara and to the west, the Bandiya. Each section has taken its name from the clan providing the ruling house in the areas included in it. The Vungara are the larger of the two, and the following sketch has been based on data from them. The Zande emerged as a people in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries when groups of hunters, probably divided into an aristocracy called the Vungara and commoners called the Mbomu, penetrated the area and subjugated the Bantu-speaking and AdamawaEastern -speaking peoples they found there. The dynamic of the conquest was influenced by the rules of succession to the monarchy among the Vungara. A man took his father's throne only when he had vanquished those of his brothers who chose to compete for it. One or more of the losing brothers, a prince or princes without land or people, then undertook to find and rule a previously unconquered people. This process continued through the nineteenth century until a large area and a wide assortment of peoples had been dominated by the Zande Vungara. The outcome was a rich mixture of the cultures of conqueror and conquered.

5. Africa, A New Look
africa in the world; shows causes and effects of africas many political and social revolutions; pictures the contrasts in the way of life of its indigenous peoples; the mangbetu from
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6. Democratic Republic Of The Congo / DRC (Kinshasa)
An annotated guide to internet resources on africa.Category Regional africa Congo, Democratic Republic of the...... The video clip shows a traditional mangbetu dance. lang.html L1 Ituri Forest peoplesFund/Cultural based in Cambridge, MA, helps indigenous peoples and ethnic
Countries Democratic Republic of the Congo Search: Countries Topics Africa Guide Suggest a Site ... Africa Home See also: DRC News
ABC Nightline - Heart of Darkness
Site for the five-part TV series hosted by Ted Koppel. Program transcripts, a journal by the producer of life in the Eastern Congo, people profiles, relief efforts, the link between coltan, cell phones and the DRC.
Academie Royale des Sciences d'Outre-mer (Bruxelles, Belgium)
In French, English, Dutch. "The Royal Academy of Overseas Sciences was founded in 1928 with the aim of promoting scientific knowledge in overseas regions" [esp. Congo-Kinshasa]. "The Academy is divided into three Sections: the Section of Moral and Political Sciences, the Section of Natural and Medical Sciences and the Section of Technical Sciences." Publishes Biographie belge d'Outre-Mer (first pub. in 1941, was called la Biographie Coloniale Belge . Publishes three series of .
Aequatoria Archives Research Project
Based at the Research Center of the International Pragmatics Association, University of Antwerp, and works with the

7. History Of African Art By Region
nations as elsewhere on the continent, indigenous African religions Both the Lubaand the Kuba peoples of the Among the mangbetu of the northern DRC, elaborate
African art and craft
mail a friend join grassroots sign our guest book ...
African Children's charities

a-piece-of-africa donates 5% of all proceeds from the sale of African Art African craft African sculptures animal carvings ... art and craft sold in this art gallery to the African Children's charities. To search a-piece-of-africa for specific art or information use the following search box:
Western Africa:

Western Africa is the home of many of the sculptural traditions for which African art has become internationally known. Wood carving is especially prominent in Cote d'Ivoire, in Sierra Leone and in Nigeria. Western Africa also claims an extensive range of other art forms, including clay sculpture, bronze casting, jewelry, and weaving. Some of these traditions are driven by religious practices in agricultural societies, others by the patronage of kings. The Senufo people of the Cote d'Ivoire make a staff with a female figure at the top, symbolizing both the power of humans to reproduce and the fertility of the soil. Ghana is well known for its Kente cloth, carved wooden stools, gold jewelry, and wood carvings. In days past, the kings of Ghana wore so much gold that they inspired the saying: "Great men move slowly."
Eastern Africa:

8. Guide To The Collections Of The Human Studies Film Archives
of central africa. indigenous peoples depicted include the Songo (Songomeno), MbutiPygmies of the Ituri Forest, Enya, Fulani, Dan, Baule, Kuba, mangbetu, Tutsi
National Anthropological Archives and Human Studies Film Archives What's New About the Archives ...
of the Human Studies Film Archives
Africa AF-77.1.1: [Herskovits' Film Study of West Africa, 1931]
Footage shot during fieldwork in Dahomey (Benin), Nigeria, and
the Gold Coast (Ghana). Documentation of Yoruba, Hausa, Ashanti,
and Dahomean culture includes: elegbara dancers and an Igun
(Egungun) ceremony in Abeokuta, Nigeria; Hausa drummers and
praise singers of the Emir of Kano, Nigeria; court scenes and
Kwasidei ceremony in Asokore (Gold Coast) honoring a chief's
ancestors; market scenes in Abomey, Dahomey; a dokpwe (communal
work group); Dahomean chief with wives and praise singers; legba
dancers and drummers and Nesuhwe ceremony honoring ancestors; and various subsistence and craft activities including iron-forging, brasswork, woodcarving, weaving, hoeing and planting. Creator: Melville J. Herskovits, anthropologist (1895-1963)

are invaders to africa and not indigenous) racial origins the Mongoloid looking Kong,San, mangbetu and Sahara other types of music invented by other peoples?
The Black race throughout Latin America is suffer-
ing from racism, cultural genocide and a lack of the opportunities to advance compared to Latin
Americans of European, Asian and Mestizo origins. The Native Americans who decide to
reclaim their culture and reject European ways are
also discriminated against.
Blacks in Latin America are also rejecting the
big lie that if they mix their blood with their
oppressors, somehow they are improving the Black race. These Blacks have realized that in fact the History and culture of their ancestors is one where they have had about one million years as homo sapien Blacks, when they were the only people in existance, and more than twenty thousand years of recorded history in the Nile Corridor and the Sahara. The trend is to preserve the darkness of skin, return one's African racial and cultural identity and work towards progress using various methods including armed struggle, as many

10. Untitled
The study of mathematical ideas of native or indigenous peoples is referred of arithmeticamong the Quechuaspeaking peoples of the Geometry in mangbetu design
Volume 13 Number 2 May 1998 Report on Ethnomathematics Research Joanna O. Masingila, Syracuse University This column reports on current research in the area of Ethnomathematics. If you know of researchers doing Ethnomathematics research, please send me this information either by mail (215 Carnegie, Syracuse, NY 13244-1150 USA) or email ( Samson Muthwii, from Kenyatta University in Kenya, and William Rosen, from Exeter University in the U.K., have been investigating how the home culture of various Kenyan communities influences how primary school children from those communities understand concepts of measurement. Their research has involved observing in a number of different primary school classrooms as well as interviewing teachers in the schools. Muthwii is also working with Joanna Masingila, currently at Kenyatta University as a Fulbright scholar, in examining upper primary school children's perceptions of their out-of-school science and mathematics practice. They are working with children in an urban school and a rural school, and are collecting data via interviews and logs kept by the children. Besides analyzing the data from this study in its own right, Muthwii and Masingila will be comparing these Kenyan children's perceptions with those of American children of the same age from a similar study carried out by Masingila and Saouma Boujaoude, from American University in Beirut. st International Congress on Ethnomathematics
to be held in Granada, Spain

11. SIL Bibliography: Ethnography
in the Congo Implications for indigenous foragers and Mejemangbetu (northeasternZaire) death compensations as among the Eastern Sudanic peoples of southern

12. Africa Studies Videos In The Harvard Libraries
triple heritage of africaits indigenous, Western, and complex of the Tumbuka speakingpeoples of northern 11037 Spirits of Defiance the mangbetu People of
Return to Index African Studies Videos in Widener Library Widener's African videos are now in the Harvard Depository and should be requested at least several days in advance. This can be done in person at the Widener Circulation Desk or from a Harvard computer using "Hollis."
XWV 441 A Bamako, les femmes sont belles. By Christiane Succab-Goldman. 1995, 65 min. Various women from Bamako, Mali discuss their memories of the past and their lives in the present as they try to balance the demands of tradition and development. BNZ9597 XWV 274 Adama - The Fulani Magician . By Taale Laafi Rosellini with Moustapha Thiombiano and Lamine Keita. Music by Oger Kabore. (22min.) Adama Hamidou is a deaf West African dancer, comedian, street performer and practitioner of the ancient Yan-Taori magic tradition in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Draws an intimate portrait of the man and his culture through both performance sequences and interviews in which Adama tells his own story in West African sign language. XWV 307 Africa Dreaming: South Africa, Namibia, Senegal, Mozambique, Tunisia, 1997. 104 min. A compilation of four 26 minute short narrative films by directors from four countries. Each is set in contemporary societies and deals with the difficulties and mysteries of relationships and their societal dimensions. BLE1699

13. The Colonial State
gain military superiority over the indigenous population of the great diversity amongthe peoples and their century with the Zandé chefferies and mangbetu.
The Former Kingdoms The western bantou are at the origin of more Ancient kingdoms in Democratic Republic of Congo, the most known is the Kongo kingdom (15th century) and the other one is probably the Kuba kingdom (17th century). The oriental bantou began with the kingdoms Luba (16th century) and Lunda (17th century). The Kongo, Lunda, Luba, and Kuba state systems shared certain common features, I.The Kongo kingdom The Kongo Kingdom was the first state on the west coast of Central Africa to come into contact with Europeans. Portuguese sailors under Diogo Cao landed at the mouth of the Congo River in 1482 . Cao traveled from Portugal to Kongo and back several times during the 1480s, bringing missionaries to the Kongo court and taking Kongo nobles to Portugal in 1485. In the 1490s, the king of Kongo asked Portugal for missionaries and technical assistance in exchange for ivory and other desirable items, such as slaves and copperwares a relationship, ultimately detrimental to the Kongo, which continued for centuries. Competition over the slave trade had repercussions far beyond the boundaries of Kongo society. Slave-trading activities created powerful vested interests among both Africans and foreigners; the Portuguese and later the Dutch, French, British, and Arabs.

14. 1Up Info > Zaire > ETHNIC GROUPS | Zaire Information Resource
as well as the nonBantu-speaking Zande and mangbetu together made up The Kongo peoples;The Significance of Ethnic Identification. indigenous SOCIAL SYSTEMS;
You are here 1Up Info Zaire
People ... News Search 1Up Info
Zaire's population is composed of as many as 250 different ethnic groups, most of which are Bantu-speakers. The largest Bantuspeaking groups are the Luba, Kongo, Mongo, and Lunda. In 1992 some sources reported that the Luba, Kongo, and Mongo groups as well as the non-Bantu-speaking Zande and Mangbetu together made up about 45 percent of the population. Calculations of the number and relative sizes of ethnic groups in Zaire are at best approximations, however. These groups are neither fixed entities nor the sole or even primary points of reference for all Zairians. On the contrary, for most purposes and in most contexts, rural Zairians see themselves primarily as members of a local community or of a clan (see Glossary) or lineage (see Glossary). Ethnic identity has become salient only under certain conditions, and the precise boundaries of ethnic groups have shifted with circumstances. Ethnicity and regionalism (the latter based in part on ethnic considerations) were, and continue to be, of substantial importance in the political orientation of Zairians, but the units involved have always varied in composition, cohesion, and ideological selfconsciousness . Given the difficulty of categorizing ethnic groups in such a way as to satisfy objective criteria on the one hand and the subjective standard of common identity on the other, and given the sheer number of named groups, only a brief survey of the major entities based on common (or closely similar) language and culture is attempted here. A mapping of clusters of related or culturally similar entities shows a limited correspondence to the major geographic regions of Zaire, and these provide a framework for the survey. The basic source on this subject is Jan Vansina's work from the 1960s

15. ICOM Ethnographic Conservation Newsletter #13, Edited By Anthropology Conservati
the nature of indigenous materials, techniques However, the Kongo peoples from CentralZaire unusual and aesthetically challenging mangbetu figurative sculpture
ICOM Ethnographic Conservation Newsletter
Edited by Anthropology Conservation Laboratory , Smithsonian Institution Newsletter Index Number 13 March 1996 Table of Contents From the Coordinator Note from Your Editors
Technical Exchange

Plexiglas® Clips
Some Useful Tips
Material Culture

Protection, Power and Display: Shields of Island Southeast Asia and Melanesia
Nick Burningham on Southeast Asian Watercraft Museum and Native Peoples Issues
Care of First Nations Sacred Material - Glenbow Museum Laboratory Highlights
Conservation Laboratory Overview at the National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution Articles
Conservation of a Feast of Sugars A Totem Pole Goes Home Newsletter inquiries and contacts FROM THE COORDINATOR Greetings! I would like to join the new editors in expressing thanks to our Australian colleagues for producing our most recent newsletters. The next Triennial Meeting will take place in Edinburgh, Scotland, from September 1 - 6, 1996, following the IIC Congress that will be held in Copenhagen, Denmark, at the end of August. If you are planning to submit a paper, please fax or write to me to receive a copy of the instructions for manuscript preparation. Your completed manuscript must be sent to me as the Working Group Coordinator, for a first review and editing. Revised manuscripts are then sent to the Preprints Committee for final review. Authors are then informed of the decision by the Preprints Committee, and final manuscripts are prepared for publication in the Preprints. The schedule of procedures is:

16. African Art. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001
is limited to the works of the peoples of W of the people’s sedentary lifestyles)in indigenous art Among the mangbetu people of Gabon, the decorative motifs
Select Search All All Reference Columbia Encyclopedia World History Encyclopedia World Factbook Columbia Gazetteer American Heritage Coll. Dictionary Roget's Thesauri Roget's II: Thesaurus Roget's Int'l Thesaurus Quotations Bartlett's Quotations Columbia Quotations Simpson's Quotations English Usage Modern Usage American English Fowler's King's English Strunk's Style Mencken's Language Cambridge History The King James Bible Oxford Shakespeare Gray's Anatomy Farmer's Cookbook Post's Etiquette Bulfinch's Mythology Frazer's Golden Bough All Verse Anthologies Dickinson, E. Eliot, T.S. Frost, R. Hopkins, G.M. Keats, J. Lawrence, D.H. Masters, E.L. Sandburg, C. Sassoon, S. Whitman, W. Wordsworth, W. Yeats, W.B. All Nonfiction Harvard Classics American Essays Einstein's Relativity Grant, U.S. Roosevelt, T. Wells's History Presidential Inaugurals All Fiction Shelf of Fiction Ghost Stories Short Stories Shaw, G.B. Stein, G. Stevenson, R.L. Wells, H.G. Reference Columbia Encyclopedia PREVIOUS NEXT ... BIBLIOGRAPHIC RECORD The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. African art art created by the peoples south of the Sahara.

17. Untitled Document
Igbo, Kalabari Ijaw, Azande, and mangbetu peoples in class. arts and cultures of Africanpeoples not covered this goal, we are including indigenous voices and
Department of Art, Art History Area
COURSE: ARH 439/539B: African Art of the Western Sudan, Guinea Coast, and East Africa
TIME: Tuesdays, Thursdays, 8:00 - 9:15 a.m.,
PLACE: Art Building, Room 312
(By appointment, please call 621- 9330 to schedule)
OFFICE: Room 280 New Fine Arts Complex
TELEPHONE: 621-9330; E-MAIL: COURSE DESCRIPTION: "No matter how full the river, it still wants to grow."
(African Proverb: Congo) ARH 439/539B offers advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students a balanced overview of selected traditions of the arts of eastern Nigeria
( Igbo and Kalabari Ijo [Ijaw]); Eastern Sudan (Azande, Mangbetu, Lega); Southern Savannah (Kongo, Kuba, Luba, Pende, Yaka); and Equatorial Africa (Fang, Kota, Bakwele, Duala). The professor will cover the arts and culture of the Igbo, Kalabari Ijaw, Azande, and Mangbetu peoples in class. Students will choose research projects and oral presentations from the arts and cultures of African peoples not covered in our class lectures. You may

18. Race And Ethnicity Analysis -, Blood Information For Life
French origin 27%, other European 20%, indigenous Indian and Kongo (all Bantu), andthe mangbetuAzande (Hamitic Europe/Americas/Oceania-born 20%, africa-born 7
African American Black Blood Donor Emergency
COUNTRY RACIAL and/or ETHNIC ANALYSIS of PEOPLE GROUPS Afghanistan Pashtun 38%, Tajik 25%, Uzbek 6%, Hazara 19%, minor ethnic groups (Chahar Aimaks, Turkmen, Baloch, and others) Albania Albanian 95%, Greeks 3%, other 2%: Vlachs, Gypsies, Serbs, and Bulgarians Algeria Arab-Berber 99%, European less than 1% Andorra Spanish 61%, Andorran 30%, French 6%, other 3% Angola Ovimbundu 37%, Kimbundu 25%, Bakongo 13%, Mestico (mixed European and Native African) 2%, European 1%, other 22% Antigua black, British, Portuguese, Lebanese, Syrian (see Barbuda) Argentina European 97% (mostly of Spanish and Italian descent), 3% other (mostly Indian or Mestizo) Armenia Armenian 93%, Azeri 3%, Russian 2%, other (mostly Yezidi Kurds) 2% (1989) Note: as of the end of 1993, virtually all Azeris had emigrated from Armenia

as generic name for several peoples) Dompago Dyerma Mongo Luba Kongo (all Bantu) ;mangbetuAzande (Hamitic Chinese (15%) see CHINA indigenous (6%) Cambodia
Tofin Toli Urhobo //Waama// (Yoabu) Waci Xweda Xwela Yoba Maubere Chinese [see CHINA] India - [Est. population: 1,014,003,817 ]

20. EnterUganda Discussion Board
of interpersonal interactions between their peoples and not 225,378, Ma'di 160,558,mangbetu 30,700, Masaba products of a patriotic indigenous background or an

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