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         Mauritania History Regional:     more detail
  1. Paths of Accommodation: Muslim Societies and French Colonial Authorities in Senegal and Mauritania, 1880 (Western African Studies) by David Robinson, 2001-01-01
  2. Mauritanie. Aux confins du aMghreb (French Edition) by Danielle Bisson, 2005-04-01
  3. Historical Dictionary of Mauritania by Anthony G. Pazzanita, 1996-08-30

21. Vindex, De Vindplaats Van Het Nederlandse Web mauritania. Gevonden in rubriek regional Africa mauritania. OmschrijvingIncluding map and overview of history, culture, economy and currency.

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Africa Mauritania
Subrubrieken Business and Economy
Government Guides and Directories ... Weather Links Mauritania Gevonden in rubriek: Regional Africa Mauritania Omschrijving: Country Study from the Library of Congress CIA Factbook - Mauritania Gevonden in rubriek: Regional Africa Mauritania Omschrijving: Features map and brief descriptions of geography, economy, government, and people. Mauritania Country Information Gevonden in rubriek: Regional Africa Mauritania Omschrijving: Arab World - Location, Population, Religion, Language - Facts and History Gevonden in rubriek: Regional Africa Mauritania Omschrijving: One page of background information and links.

22. Mauritania Historical Setting - Flags, Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate, Natura
mauritania's postindependence history has been dominated by regionalpolitics (see fig. 1). Morocco and Algeria, vying for regional

  • Country Ranks
    Historical Setting
    Source: The Library of Congress Country Studies
      < BACK TO HISTORY CONTENTS Architectural detail of an old mosque at Tîchît THE SAHARA HAS LINKED rather than divided the peoples who inhabit it and has served as an avenue for migration and conquest. Mauritania, lying next to the Atlantic coast at the western edge of the desert, received and assimilated into its complex society many waves of these migrants and conquerors. Berbers moved south to Mauritania beginning in the third century A.D., followed by Arabs in the eighth century, subjugating and assimilating Mauritania's original inhabitants. From the eighth through the fifteenth century, black kingdoms of the western Sudan, such as Ghana, Mali, and Songhai, brought their political culture from the south. The divisive tendencies of the various groups within Mauritanian society have always worked against the development of Mauritanian unity. Both the Sanhadja Confederation, at its height from the eighth to the tenth century, and the Almoravid Empire, from the eleventh to the twelfth century, were weakened by internecine warfare, and both succumbed to further invasions from the Ghana Empire and the Almohad Empire, respectively. The one external influence that tended to unify the country was Islam. The Islamization of Mauritania was a gradual process that spanned more than 500 years. Beginning slowly through contacts with Berber and Arab merchants engaged in the important caravan trades and rapidly advancing through the Almoravid conquests, Islamization did not take firm hold until the arrival of Yemeni Arabs in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries and was not complete until several centuries later. Gradual Islamization was accompanied by a process of arabization as well, during which the Berber masters of Mauritania lost power and became vassals of their Arab conquerors.
  • 23. Mauritania Political Disintegration - Flags, Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate,
    BACK TO history CONTENTS regime was under siege not only for its regional policiesbut to perform the impossible task of protecting mauritania's vast northern

  • Country Ranks
    Political Disintegration
    Source: The Library of Congress Country Studies
      < BACK TO HISTORY CONTENTS By 1984 the Haidalla regime was under siege not only for its regional policies but also for corruption and mismanagement, especially within the SEMs, which were viewed by the population as vehicles for advancing the president's own interests. Furthermore, upheavals in the military compromised the loyalty of key officers, particularly at a time when the army was being asked to perform the impossible task of protecting Mauritania's vast northern regions from Morocco's attacks across the border. A severe drought compounded the regime's difficulties, forcing much of the population into the country's few urban areas and increasing Mauritania's dependence on foreign economic aid (see Balance of Payments, Debt, and Foreign Assistance , ch. 3). In the third ministerial purge in six months, Haidalla named himself prime minister in March 1984 and took over the defense portfolio. Taya, who had held both positions, was demoted to chief of staff of the armed forces. The move infuriated Taya's allies on the CMSN. As chairman of the CMSN, Haidalla was supposed to represent a collective body. Instead, he attempted to amass considerable personal power and alienated many in the top echelons of government. On December 12, 1984, while Haidalla was out of the country, Taya, in a quiet and bloodless coup d'état, became Mauritania's president, a position he continued to hold in late 1987.
  • 24. GlobalEDGE (TM) | Country Insights - History Of Mauritania
    2,747,312 (July 2001 est.). LIFE EXPECTANCY. 51.14 years. print version. history. additionalresources. mauritania NEWS. regional PAGE. Africa. mauritania map.

    25. Mauritania In Regional > Africa
    FOC Country Profile mauritania. Notes on geography, history, politics, economy
    Metasearch Directory News Multi-Search ... Login/Out Choose a Search Metasearch - The Web Metasearch - This Site Metasearch - News Metasearch - Auctions Metasearch - Forums Metasearch - Images Metasearch - MP3s Metasearch - Code Metasearch - Shopping Directory - Within This Category Only Directory - Entire Directory - Adult Directory - Arts Directory - Business Directory - Computers Directory - Games Directory - Health Directory - Home Directory - News Directory - Recreation Directory - Reference Directory - Regional Directory - Science Directory - Shopping Directory - Society Directory - Sports Directory - World Shopping - All products Shopping - Books Shopping - Electronics Shopping - Popular music Shopping - Classical music Shopping - DVD's Shopping - VHS Videos Shopping - In Theaters Shopping - Toys Shopping - Computer Hardware Shopping - Software Shopping - Magazines Shopping - Photo Shopping - Garden / Outdoor Living Shopping - Baby Shopping - Kitchen Lookup - Domain in Whois Lookup - Domain Availability Lookup - HTTP Source Lookup - DNS Record
    eb Directory
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    26. Mauritania - Government, History, Population, Geography And Maps
    Search the Net history; 100% Free Clip Art mauritania has extensive deposits ofiron ore, which system links Nouakchott with regional capitals international
  • Search the Net: History
  • 100% Free Clip Art including world flags and 1000's more images and photos!
    source: CIA World Factbook 1998
    Geography [Top of Page] Location: Northern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Senegal and Western Sahara Geographic coordinates: 20 00 N, 12 00 W Map references: Africa Area:
    total: 1,030,700 sq km
    land: 1,030,400 sq km
    water: 300 sq km slightly larger than three times the size of New Mexico Land boundaries:
    total: 5,074 km
    border countries: Algeria 463 km, Mali 2,237 km, Senegal 813 km, Western Sahara 1,561 km Coastline: 754 km Maritime claims:
    contiguous zone: 24 nm
    continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin exclusive economic zone: 200 nm territorial sea: 12 nm Climate: desert; constantly hot, dry, dusty Terrain: mostly barren, flat plains of the Sahara; some central hills Elevation extremes: lowest point: Sebkha de Ndrhamcha -3 m highest point: Kediet Ijill 910 m Natural resources: iron ore, gypsum, fish, copper, phosphate Land use: arable land: permanent crops: permanent pastures: forests and woodland: other: 58% (1993 est.)
  • 27. NHBS Science Bookstore: Regional Natural History: Africa
    Titles DF classified under regional Natural history Africa Footprint's MoroccoHandbook with mauritania view Anne McLachlan and Keith McLachlan;
    April 2003
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    The latest NHBS special offer titles, ranging widely across all our subject areas. Many of these titles are new. Offers run for a limited period only, so don't delay taking advantage of them!
    NHBS Alert is our free monthly email catalogue, with information on c.400 new titles Subscribe for the full version or choose from 19 subjects Distribution Highlights Current key titles include: Grebes of the World Seahorses ID: CDROM Britain's Butterflies Monitoring Tigers and their Prey ... Ocean Explorer Maps Publishers distributed by NHBS - click here to browse title catalogues for BirdLife International, JNCC, OFI, Prion, Wetlands

    28. Communications System
    mauritania history. mauritania, Communications, Back to Top. domestic satellite telecommunicationssystem links Nouakchott with regional capitals international
    Country Info Mauritania Introduction Mauritania General Data Mauritania Maps Mauritania Culture ... Mauritania Time and Date Mauritania Communications Back to Top
    limited system of cable and open-wire lines, minor microwave radio relay links, and radiotelephone communications stations (improvements being made) domestic: mostly cable and open-wire lines; a recently completed domestic satellite telecommunications system links Nouakchott with regional capitals international: satellite earth stations - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) and 2 Arabsat
    Countries Map or Maps
    Egypt Maps
    South Africa Maps

    England Maps

    France Maps
    ... from HomePage

    29. Mauritania (11/01)
    history From the 3rd to 7th centuries, the Politics in mauritania have always beenheavily influenced by Interior controls a system of regional governors and

    30. Arabic News Front Page For 11/26/2001
    regional, history, 11/26/2001 Khartoum hosts the Somali over visiting Qatar The Israeliregional cooperation ties between Morocco and mauritania topped talks
    Daily Edition - Monday, November 26, 2001 Front Page
    More Headlines

    Previous Edition

    Category Politics Business and Economics Local Country News Algeria Bahrain Comoros Djibouti ... News Calendar Resources Weather
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    Want to show how much you care? Send fresh flowers!

    Today's Headlines: Apply now! Egypt, Libya Summit dealt with different vital issues
    The summit which was held between President Hosni Mubarak and Libyan counterpart Muammar Gaddafi came within the context of regular meetings between the two Arab leaders to discuss regional and international development, Egypt's Ambassador to Libya Hani Khalaf said Monday. Libya Egypt, Politics, 11/26/2001 Israel's criminal acts are a challenge to US policy President Mubarak and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat discussed Sunday the deteriorating situation in the Palestinian lands in light of the Israeli killing of five Palestinian children and the assassination of a Hamas activist, said Foreign Minister Ahmed Maher. Palestine Egypt, Politics, 11/26/2001

    31. Arabic News Weekly Edition For Local, 4/30/2001
    woman in the Arab history regional, history, 5/2 regional, Culture, 5/1/2001 Maghrebanmeeting in Maghreban countries, Algeria, Libya, mauritania, Morocco and
    Weekly Edition, Local - Week of April 30, 2001 Front Page
    Previous Week

    Category Politics Business and Economics Local Country News Algeria Bahrain Comoros Djibouti ...
    News Calendar
    Resources Weather
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    Science and Technology

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    Want to show how much you care? Send fresh flowers!

    The rise of Christianity in Syria

    Syria is written in History as the cradle of Jesus mission of peace and love, from where it spread all over the world. Syria, History, 5/5/2001 Abul Gheit: Egypt gives integral patronage to the aged Egypt, Local, 5/5/2001 Arab, African finance ministers meet in Morocco on childhood Rabat hosted May 2-4 a symposium on children's ill treatment that called for the creation of reception and counseling centers where ill-treated children can receive medical and psychological assistance. Regional Morocco, Culture, 5/5/2001 On the high-jacked Syrian ship The Saudi daily al-Watan in its Friday's issue revealed new information about the question of high-jacking the Syrian ship " Jaafar' and the paper also stressed that the ship was high-jacked since almost five months, as from December 23, 2000. Syria, Local, 5/5/2001

    32. MetaCrawler Results | Search Query = : Mali
    com/worldatlas/mauritania.php (Google) More like this. MULTISHOP regional AfricaMali Mali - Including map and overview of history, culture : Mali&brand=metacrawler

    33. Regional Activities - Africa
    Guinea, Madagascar and Senegal (1961), Chad, mauritania, Sierra Leone the first timein the history of Interpol as organisation that regional focus was
    9 April 2003
    Search Contact Help ...
    Regional activities

    HISTORY OF MEMBERSHIP The continent's position as a crossroads between the Americas, Europe and Asia also lays it open to transnational crimes such as traffic in weapons, illicit drug trafficking, illegal immigration, traffic in stolen motor vehicles and fraud, etc., which can only be stopped by international co-operation. Seeking and locating the criminals involved poses problems relating to information exchange, international identification and arrests with a view to extradition. This is why Interpol (in accordance with Article 2 (1) of its Constitution) ensures the closest possible co-operation between the "criminal police authorities" of all member countries, including those in Africa. Crime is not associated with a particular region and is certainly not a problem for Africa alone. Ever since it was established, the International Criminal Police Organization - Interpol has been seen by countries all over the world as an institution whose principles and objectives correspond to universal aspirations for human rights, public safety and the fight against ordinary law crime. Joining Interpol was therefore one of the first steps taken by various African leaders once their countries obtained independence.

    34. History
    Yemen. This is in addition to Djibouti, Somalia, and mauritania whichcan participate in the Arab regional activities of ROSTAS. In
    Home Up News Search ... Contact Us Egypt was among the first 20 founding countries to ratify UNESCO's constitution on the 16th of July 1946. The UNESCO Office in Egypt was first established in Cairo in 1947 as the Middle East Science Corporation Office (MESCO) . This came as an implementation to a decision of the General Conference at its first session in 1946. Its function in the Middle East as assigned by the General Conference was as follows:
  • Provide personal contact with and aid to the scientists and technologists of the region and maintain liaison between the region and the main centers of science and technology;
  • Supply suggestions and existing scientific information bearing on problems arising in the region;
  • Assist in the exchange of scientific correspondence, manuscripts, articles and reviews, and arrange for their publication;
  • Facilitate the supply of scientific literature and essential equipment and material to the region;
  • Assist in problems of translation, abstracts, microfilms, reprints, fellowships, etc.;
  • Facilitate the distribution of scientific information in the region;
  • 35. Mauritania Hahooa Arab Directory !
    of network 2000 French mauritania regional projects to English mauritania Guideabout mauritania geography, economy, history, government and

    36. African Studies Center
    West Asian, African, and Mediterranean antiquity, including their languages, history,and cultures regional Countries mauritania Country Guides.
    Tarbiat Modarres University - IRAN African Studies Center
    linking African Studies African Studies ... Studies
    - scholarly resources in text, multimedia, and interactive format.
  • University of Cape Town African Studies Library ... Studies - seeks to contribute to the study and understanding of the modern history and current affairs of the Middle East and Africa. African American Studies (CAAS) ... Diaspora Project - organize into topics pertaining to the African Diaspora. African American Studies African ... Studies - includes publications catalog. Center for Afroamerican and African Studies James S. Coleman ... Studies - information on course offerings, programs (lectures, conferences, study abroad, outreach), faculty and students. African American Studies Francophone ... Program - examines West Asian, African , and Mediterranean antiquity, including their languages, history, and cultures.
  • 37. Remarks At Ceremony On Signing Of Diplomatic Relations Israel-
    mauritania's history and culture make it devoutly Muslim. And today, the vision ofits leaders makes mauritania a force for regional reconciliation and

    38. Brief History Of The Living Standards Measurement Study (guide\history.htm)
    This section presents a brief history of the LSMS. a substantial negative effect inthe mauritania survey was done only in departmental (regional) capitals, the
    Brief History of the Living Standards Measurement Study The following text is taken from:
    A Guide to Living Standards Surveys and Their Data Sets. LSMS Working Paper #120, The World Bank, 1995 (updated on March 1, 1996). (To download the complete document, see instructions. The Living Standards Measurement Study was established by the World Bank in 1980 to explore ways of improving the type and quality of household data collected by government statistical offices in developing countries. The objectives of the LSMS were to develop new methods for monitoring progress in raising levels of living, to identify the consequences for households of current and proposed government policies, and to improve communications between survey statisticians, analysts, and policymakers. As of 1997, surveys with several, if not all, of the hallmarks of the Living Standards Measurement Study had been conducted in about two dozen countries. Although the first few LSMS surveys followed a very similar format, as time passed and countries with different circumstances were added, substantial variety arose in the surveys across the different countries. This section presents a brief history of the LSMS. In doing so, some explanations for the different outcomes in the different countries are given. The first two LSMS surveys were fielded in Côte d'Ivoire in 1985 and in Peru in 1985-86. In both cases financing was obtained from the World Bank's Research Committee and the main actor in implementing these surveys was the Living Standards Unit (now DECRG). The purpose of these surveys was to gather data that would allow the detailed study of household behavior and several aspects of living standards and to see whether such a complex survey design could in fact be successfully carried out in a developing country. On the whole, the Côte d'Ivoire and Peru surveys were successfully implemented. The data were gathered according to plan and were used immediately (and still are being used) for a wide variety of research projects and, less quickly and to a lesser extent, in support of the policy dialogue between the countries and the World Bank.

    39. Mauritania Page
    US Library of Congress covering the country's history, geography, politics IRINMauritania News provided by the Integrated regional Information Networks
    Mauritania Page
    Other On-Line Resources Related to Mauritania
    • Mauritania
        The index has been created by The Norwegian Council for Africa, as part of its comprehensive effort to strengthen the knowledge of Africa and African affairs. The projects has been developed in cooperation with the information company Gazette, and wit h financial support from the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
    • Mauritania (Karen Fung)
        Resources represents part of Karen Fung's "Africa South of the Sahara Electronic Guide". It covers: news, history, geography, etc..
    • Languages of Mauritania
        The Ethnologue is a catalog of the world's languages including information on alternate names, number of speakers, location, dialects, linguistic affiliation, and other sociolinguistic and demographic information. This database represents the 12th edition of the Ethnologue, published in 1992.
    • Mauritania - Country Study
        Comprehensive study conducted by the US Library of Congress covering the country's history, geography, politics, environmnet, religious life, etc..

    40. Regional: Africa: Mauritania -
    5. mauritania Country Information Arab World Location, Population, Religion,Language - Facts and history http//
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    Looking for a better Internet Service Provider? Try 1 month free unlimited MSN Internet Access Did you know ? You can boost your Internet Speed up to 200% without additional hardware Wednesday, April 9, 2003 • Famous Birthday: Dennis Quaid Search For : What: In: Web Sites Shopping Books Used Books Calendars Magazines Popular Music Classical Music Used CDs VHS DVD Used DVDs/Videos Software Video Games Used Video Games Computers Electronics Toys Baby Outdoor Living Kitchen Auto Auctions • SHOP: 2003 Calendars Autos Sports Gifts ... Shopping Guide • FINANCING: Credit Cards Real Estate Loans • FIND: Careers Personals Find People • INTERNET: Access (ISP) Free Email Hosting Domain Registration ... Rings • COMPUTER: Software Hardware Virus Protection
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    Mauritania Categories This category in other languages: World Wide Web Add site Update site The following results are from the World Wide Web and may contain objectionable material that Newave does not endorse. If you have a legitimate complaint against one or more of the following sites, do not hesitate to

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