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         Mende Indigenous Peoples Africa:     more detail

21. What Can I Say?
From a religious studies point of view, I was glad to see the paying of real respectfor indigenous peoples, in this case, the mende Culture of Western africa.

22. Community Radios Worldwide
of linguistic and cultural minorities, indigenous peoples, migrants and and humanrights battles in africa and other Krahn, Kru, Mandingo, Mano, mende and Vai.
Community Radios Worldwide Front Page Radio Stations by continents Resources for the community radio Discussion Forum ... Articles New! Audio On Demand New!
(RealAudio) About us AMARC-Africa New!
ALERTS Senegal: Dakar - AMARC AFRICA : Second pan-african conference, in progress from the 22 nd to the 28 th January 2001.

23. Monkey Mind Prepared By Laura Simms
from the Lemba tribe of Sierra Leone, West africa. of teaching, sharing, and healingin the mende tradition of I have been told that indigenous peoples do not
Click Here to Return to the Healing Story Alliance Forum
Monkey Mind Discussion Story Archive MONKEY MIND Prepared by Laura Simms One evening I told my son a story that I had read from the Lemba tribe of Sierra Leone, West Africa. I was delighted to find tales from the country where he was born. Sierra Leone has been involved in a horrendous civil war for ten years. The war has resulted in some of the most hideous atrocities of our recent history. My son, who has been with me for less than three years and who I know from a special project I worked with at the UN five years ago, is the rare example of a young person who has successfully undergone detraumatization. One of his only cheerful childhood memories has been the recollection of stories he heard in his grandmother’s village. The story that I told him was a difficult and complicated story about a mother and a son, about revenge, and the rebalancing of energy after a disaster. I asked him what he thought of it. His response was to tell me a story about a story. The context of the storytelling is vital to understand the way in which stories function for every sort of teaching, sharing, and healing in the Mende tradition of his birth. CONTEXT: Every evening in the village of Matru Jong young and old sit in a circle and exchange stories. Each person is expected to tell or retell a story as part of the evening event. A stone is passed from one person to the next. Children are taught to listen carefully because they are also expected to repeat stories that they have heard. My son is an excellent listener. He has the capacity, bred from his history of storylistening , to reflect on what he hears instantly. Each person was then asked to discuss the story and what he or she thinks the boy should do. Everyone had an opinion.

24. SOAS: Centre Of African Studies
Lecturer in Anthropology, SOAS indigenous medicine and environment, rain forest conservation;mende of Sierra East africa; Maaspeaking peoples (Samburu, Maasai
Home Alumni Courses Diary ... Index
Centre of African Studies
The study of identity construction among the Vezo of Madagascar; the study of social categorisation in Madagascar through a combination of anthropological and psychological approaches; psychological essentialism; gender; kinship.
Madagascar, Swaziland Professor Philip Burnham Professor of Anthropology, UCL
States and political organisation, especially francophone states of West and Equatorial Africa; rural economy and ecological relations of agricultural and pastoral communities; inter-ethnic relations; 19th century history; rain forest conservation.
Western and Equatorial Africa, Cameroon, Nigeria, Central African Republic Dr John R Campbell
Senior Lecturer, Anthropology of Development, Department of Anthropology and Sociology SOAS
Development policy and projects, social and economic history of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, the role of research methods in development research *Tanzania, Ethiopia, Kenya Professor Pat Caplan : Professor of Anthropology, Goldsmiths College

25. Africa Studies Videos In The Harvard Libraries
the triple heritage of africaits indigenous, Western, and In English and mende withEnglish subtitles, 52 complex of the Tumbuka speaking peoples of northern
Return to Index African Studies Videos in Widener Library Widener's African videos are now in the Harvard Depository and should be requested at least several days in advance. This can be done in person at the Widener Circulation Desk or from a Harvard computer using "Hollis."
XWV 441 A Bamako, les femmes sont belles. By Christiane Succab-Goldman. 1995, 65 min. Various women from Bamako, Mali discuss their memories of the past and their lives in the present as they try to balance the demands of tradition and development. BNZ9597 XWV 274 Adama - The Fulani Magician . By Taale Laafi Rosellini with Moustapha Thiombiano and Lamine Keita. Music by Oger Kabore. (22min.) Adama Hamidou is a deaf West African dancer, comedian, street performer and practitioner of the ancient Yan-Taori magic tradition in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Draws an intimate portrait of the man and his culture through both performance sequences and interviews in which Adama tells his own story in West African sign language. XWV 307 Africa Dreaming: South Africa, Namibia, Senegal, Mozambique, Tunisia, 1997. 104 min. A compilation of four 26 minute short narrative films by directors from four countries. Each is set in contemporary societies and deals with the difficulties and mysteries of relationships and their societal dimensions. BLE1699

26. J. W. E. Bowen (John Wesley Edward), 1855-1933, Ed.. Africa And The American Neg
West africa; THE ABSOLUTE NEED OF AN indigenous MISSIONARY AGENCY The peoples of UpperGuinea are mostly heathen, but we find the Susu, Temne, and mende tribes.
Africa and the American Negro: Addresses and Proceedings of the Congress on Africa:
Held under the Auspices of the Stewart Missionary Foundation for Africa
of Gammon Theological Seminary in Connection with the
Cotton States and International Exposition December 13-15, 1895.
Electronic Edition.
Bowen, J. W. E. (John Wesley Edward), 1855-1933, Ed.
Funding from the Library of Congress/Ameritech National Digital Library Competition supported the electronic publication of this title. Text transcribed by Apex Data Services, Inc.
Images scanned by Meredith Evans
Text encoded by Apex Data Services, Inc., Elizabeth S. Wright and Jill Kuhn Sexton
First edition, 2001
ca. 750K
Academic Affairs Library, UNC-CH
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Source Description: (title page) Africa and the American Negro...Addresses and Proceedings of the Congress on Africa Held Under the Auspices of the Stewart Missionary Foundation for Africa of Gammon Theological Seminary in Connection with the Cotton States and International Exposition December 13-15, 1895. Edited by Prof. J. W. E. Bowen, Ph.D., D.D., Secretary of the Congress.

27. Panos Media Briefings Contents
Independent of foreign experts , the mende farmers of West africa's Azande farmersincrease both the indigenous peoples should be recognised and rewarded for
Panos Media Briefing No.17/ November 1995
BIODIVERSITY: A MATTER OF EXTINCTION : The challenge of protecting the South's biological heritage
Table of Contents Key Facts Introduction 1 BIODIVERSITY UNDER THREAT Alarm grows over Earth's lost riches Variety is the basis of life Modern agriculture and bio-loss Why biodiversity is fast disappearing 2 TRANSNATIONALS MONOPOLISE BIO PROFITS The bio money-spinner Intellectual Property Rights Breeding and protecting profits The increasing scope of patents IPR protection: for and against WTO versus biodiversity? Access to genetic resources Biopiracy robs developing countries 3 THE BIODIVERSITY CONVENTION: WHAT ACHIEVEMENTS? "The most important initiative" From concern to Convention The framework for conservation The need for more action Tropical forests excluded Bio-pollution set to spread Funds - the predictable shortfall 4 THE CHALLENGE OF CONSERVATION Genebanks check species loss Protection in the wild The Ethiopian lesson Farmers' rights to rewards Rewarding indigenous knowledge Glossary Contacts References Key Facts
  • Since the beginning of the century about three-quarters of the world's crop plant varieties have been lost, and around 50,000 varieties disappear every year.

28. Reading Online - Articles: Literacy Animator
Nigeria, Uganda, Malawi, Ghana, South africa, Ethiopia, India The mende word karamokomeans “one who can and methods around the peoples' indigenous literacy.
On Choosing to Be a Literacy Animator Michelle Commeyras
Note: After reading this article, please visit the transcript of the discussion forum to view readers' comments.
Penelope Leach (1994,
World Health Organization estimates that if current smoking trends continue, tobacco will be the leading cause of disease by the year 2020 and will be responsible for one in eight deaths. Seventy percent of those deaths will occur in developing countries. Why do we invest so much in something that is killing us and not enough to improve the lives of the world's children Winkleman (1998), a rape or attempted rape occurred every 3.5 minutes in the United States, a figure derived from only those assaults that were reported to the police. Winkleman asks educators to think about the relationship between the school life of girls and the adult life of battered women According to Swerdlow (1999) and other sources, the world's people speak about 6000 languages . But by the year 2010, Swerdlow asserts that only 3000 will remain in use. And English is now spoken to some degree by more than one-fifth of the world's population. Why? Globalization. As Zwingle and McNally (1999,

29. Olugbemiro Jegede
Indeed, africa has its own indigenous science and the Kikuyu called him Murungu,the mende Ngewo, Beni values, and beliefs impinging on peoples real lives in

30. Eller Review
Australian peoples, the Dogon and mende in west africa, northern Amazon peoples andin indigenous matrilineages today face even more intense pressures as
Table of Contents Back Issues Homepage December 1, 2000
Max Dashu debunks Eller's
Myth of Matriarchal Prehistory
Japan Brazil Pakistan Egypt Salvador Ecuador Eller, Cynthia, The Myth of Matriarchal Prehistory: Why an Invented Past Won't Give Women a Future , Beacon, Boston, 2000 Living in the Lap of the Goddess: The Feminist Spirituality Movement in America (1993), contains a chapter on the same material. In both books, Eller believes her subjects define women "quite narrowly" as mothers, as bodies, sex, nature embracing, she says, the preconceptions of the patriarchy they are trying to escape. Her critique of what she sees as "essentialism" is a major theme of The Myth The Myth The Myth of Matriarchal Prehistory A History of Women in the Western World The Myth Myth The Creation of Patriarchy Myth Sri Lalitambika Sahasranama Trouble and Strife , #25, Winter 1992,
The Myth of Matriarchal Prehistory fails Eller's own "enemies" test. Instead, it's looking a lot like Camille Paglia all over again. Read the complete review at

31. H-Net Review: Elizabeth Akingbola
indigenous KNOWLEDGE OF THE RAINFOREST PERCEPTION, EXTRACTION AND CONSERVATION University of Kent at Canterbury indigenous knowledge is currently flavour of the month both economic commodity and political slogan. and culture of indigenous peoples whose traditional way of the observation that indigenous peoples have perceived, interacted with

32. The Page Cannot Be Found
a policy of indirect rule, relying on indigenous chiefs to The peoples of the protectorateresisted British attempts to in the Hut Tax War and mende Rising of
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33. The Page Cannot Be Found
them the Gio, Mano, Loma, Bandi, mende, and Kpelle. In return, the indigenous peoplesreceived European firearms, knives holder planned to go to africa) cost $30
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34. People And Peoples (N-P) People And Peoples (N-P). MacArthur. Douglas MacArthur
People and peoples (MN) M. Clifford Townsend M Clifford Townsend was an American politician. He was a Democratic governor of Indiana from 1937 until 1941. M. Q. Sharpe M Q Sharpe was an American politician.
People and Peoples (N-P)
Douglas macArthur was an American general. He was born in 1880, dying in 1964. He defended the philippines against the japanese during the second world war. In 1951 he was relieved of command during the korean war.
Thomas Babington Macaulay was a British historian and politician. He was born in 1800 at Leicestershire and died in 1859. He entered parliament in 1830. He became Secretary for War in 1839.
Macbeth was King of Scotland from 1040 to 1057.
Flora Macdonald was a Scottish heroine. She was born in 1722 and died in 1790. She helped Prince Charles Edward Stuart to escape after the battle of Culloden.
Ramsay Macdonald was a Britsh politician. He was born in 1866 atLossiemouth and died in 1937. In 1911 he became leader of the Labour party.
Niccolo Machiavelli was an Italian statesman and writer. He was born in 1469 at Florence and died in 1527. He has the reputation of being manipulative, hence the psychological term "Machiavellism" which refers to manipulation of people.
Harold Macmillan was a British Conservative statesman. He was born in 1894. He became an

35. UNDP/CSOPP Documents: Conserving Indigenous Knowledge . . .
Virtually all of those farmers are members of indigenous communities in africa, Asiaand South and MesoAmerica for most indigenous peoples - who live on the edg.
CSOPP Documents:
Conserving Indigenous Knowledge - Integrating New Systems of Integration Table of Contents
II. Issues and Trends in Biodiversity Over 90 percent of the earth's remaining biological diversity is in the tropical and subtropical regions of Africa, Asia, and South America. Seven percent of the earth's surface hosts between half and three quarters of the world's biological diversity
    Scientists have tended to assume that what they have discovered is "wild"' now, however, they are recognising, with some discomfort, that almost everything they find is someone else's toothbrush, shampoo, or vitamin supplemen t.
Most Biodiversity Found in Developing Countries
Example after example illustrates how much more Biodiversity can be found in developing than in developed countries. There is more Biodiversity on a tiny island off the coast of Panama than there is in the entire British Isles. Panama, in fact, is less than one third the size of the United Kingdom, yet it has more than five times as many vertebrate species. Costa Rica is less than a tenth the size of France, but has almost three times more vertebrate species. A single hectare near Kuala Lumpur in Malaysia holds half as many plant species as can be found in all of Denmark. A small volcano near the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) in the Philippines has more tree species than Canada, and a 15 hectare plot in Borneo has more woody species than all of North America. Figure III shows the vast differences in plant species in selected countries.

36. Exploring Africa -> Students
of the United States; the main indigenous ethnic groups in Sierra Leone are the Mendeand the and the West Indies and the local Temne peoples, who lived
Unit Three: Studying Africa through the Humanities
Module Fifteen: Africa and the World
Teacher's Edition Activity 6
Thus far in the unit, we have focused on the movements of Africans from Africa to other parts of the world. However, the movements between Africa and the rest of the world do not occur in only one direction. At several periods in history, Africans and people of Africa descent have migrated back to Africa. In this activity, you will learn about the return to Africa and the founding of the African countries of Sierra Leone and Liberia.[ Map: Colonial Africa ] The "back-to-Africa" migrations that resulted in the formation of these two countries came from highly organized efforts in the Nineteenth century on the part of Africans in the diaspora to return to Africa. Africans in the Americas and Europe continued to return to live in Africa in somewhat smaller numbers throughout the twentieth century. For example, there were a number of African American missionaries who moved to Africa. Moreover, when African countries became independent in the 1960s and 1970s a number of African Americans and Africans in Britain immigrated to these newly independent African countries. Ghana, which became independent in 1957, was one of the most popular destinations for Africans from the diaspora. For example

37. African History: The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade.
In most cases the indigenous peoples had proved unreliable (most who visited the slaveports, the peoples who were Upper Gambia has the Temne, mende, and Kissi
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The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade A brief review of the triangular trade with particular reference to recent statistics. Related Resources Slavery and the Slave Trade
Slavery Images
The Role of Islam in African Slavery Reparations for Slavery? Book Reviews Transformations in Slavery For two hundred years, 1440-1640, Portugal had a monopoly on the export of slaves from Africa. It is notable that they were also the last European country to abolish the institution - although, like France, it still continued to work former slaves as contract labourers, which they called libertos or engagés à temps . It is estimated that during the 4 1/2 centuries of the trans-Atlantic slave trade, Portugal was responsible for transporting over 4.5 million Africans (roughly 40% of the total). During the eighteenth century however, when the slave trade accounted for the transport of a staggering 6 million Africans, Britain was the worst transgressor - responsible for almost 2.5 million. (A fact often forgotten by those who regularly cite Britain's prime role in the abolition of the slave trade.)

38. Tribes Of The Niger
century, established kingdoms by the conquest of indigenous peoples. the Bambara,Dyula, Malinke, mende, and Soninke a cluster of Kwaspeaking peoples of south
Tribes of the Niger River
BAMBARA : a Mande-speaking people of Mali. Today sedentary farmers, they are divided inti many small chiefdoms, and known for their elaborate cosmology and religion. Earlier they had founded two important states at Seguo, on the Niger. Population 1.2 million.
EDO : a Kwa-speaking people of southern Nigeria, the population of the kingdom of Benin; whose political and religious ruler, the , lives in Benin City. The ruling dynasty is historically closely linked with the Yoruba. They are famed for they carving, metal-casting and other arts. Population 1.3 million.
FULANI ( FULBE, PEUL) : a people speaking a West Atlantic language, dispersed across the Sahel zone of West Africa from Senegal to Cameroon. They are predominantly Muslim, and coprise both transhumant cattle keepers and also sedentaery agricultural groups. Both are typically minority elements living among other peoples. The pastoralist groups are egalitarian, the sedentary ones having chiefs in some areas, such as northern Nigeria, where they overthrew the Hausa rulers of existing states in the early 19th century, established kingdoms by the conquest of indigenous peoples. population 7 million
HAUSA : a Chadic-speaking people of Nigeria and Niger. They are intensive farmers

39. Sierra Leone
can read and write in English, mende, Temne, or on English law and customary lawsindigenous to local the February 1996 elections; National peoples Party or Countries/Sierra Leone.htm
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40. Worldstats: Providing Information About Our World!
limited to literate minority), mende (principal vernacular The indigenous people mountedseveral unsuccessful revolts Milton's Sierra Leone peoples Party (SLPP
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  • Sierra Leone
    Quick Overview:
    The indigenous population is made up of 18 ethnic groups. The Temne in the north and the Mende in the South are the largest. About 60,000 are Krio, the descendants of freed slaves who returned to Sierra Leone from Great Britain and North America and slave ships captured on the high seas. In addition, about 4,000 Lebanese, 500 Indians, and 2,000 Europeans reside in the country. In the past, Sierra Leoneans were noted for their educational achievements, trading activity, entrepreneurial skills, and arts and crafts work, particularly woodcarving. Many are part of larger ethnic networks extending into several countries, which link West African states in the area. However, the level of education and infrastructure has declined sharply over the last 30 years.
    Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea and Liberia Area:
    total: 71,740 sq km
    water: 120 sq km
    land: 71,620 sq km Land boundaries: total: 958 km border countries: Guinea 652 km, Liberia 306 km

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