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         Microgravity Collaborative Activities:     more detail

rockets and parabolic aircraft, Canada has conducted microgravity research on Inaddition to these collaborative activities, the CSA recently celebrated the
A Focus on Canada An artist's rendering depicts the robotics system that Canada will contribute to the International Space Station. This Mobile Servicing System will include a sophisticated space "arm," called the Space Station Remote Manipulator System, that will be essential in assembling and maintaining the station. Canada will also provide a mobile platform that supports the arm and a robotic hand that attaches to the arm to manipulate delicate objects. On December 6, 1998, orbital construction of the International Space Station (ISS) began. When completed, the station will be a permanently orbiting laboratory for international scientific research. Completion of the 460-ton structure, however, will take some time. Thirty-four space shuttle missions are scheduled to assemble and outfit the ISS from 1998 to 2004. Playing a pivotal role during the assembly process is the Canadian Space Agency (CSA). In this issue, Microgravity News continues a series of articles about the ISS partner agencies by focusing on the contributions of the CSA.
Fostering Microgravity Research
Canada's commitment to the ISS and the User Development Program actually predates the establishment of the Canadian Space Agency. Canada became involved in space science as early as 1839, when the country established its first observatory to study auroras. That research was continued in the 1960s with the use of satellites, which became the mainstay of the country's telecommunications system during the 1970s. Ultimately, these space science activities, combined with Canada's agreement to become an ISS partner and the development of the country's first space science plan, led to the formation of the CSA in 1989. During these formative years, William "Mac" Evans played an instrumental role in the development of the agency and was appointed CSA president in 1994.

2. NASA Telemedicine - Current Activities
earth orbit for conducting research in microgravity and provide commercial access to space. NASA's collaborative activities in telemedicine, Spacebridge to Russia, is coordinated in
Current Activities
Operational Telemedicine in Space Flight
Telemedicine is practiced on a daily basis in the human space flight program. It is a significant adjunct to the systems that are available in flight to address medical issues. Currently there are three operational space flight programs: Space Shuttle, Shuttle/MIR, and International Space Station.
Space Shuttle
The Space Shuttle Program has been flying since the Spring of 1981. The Space Shuttle, which consists of the fleet of Orbiters (Columbia, Discovery, Endeavour, and Atlantis), the external tanks, and the solid rocket boosters, serves as the work horse of the human space flight program. It's primary role in access to space is :
  • transportation to low Earth orbit
  • cargo vessel
  • laboratory in space
  • repair shop
  • future construction vehicle
  • transportation to the International Space Station.
As Shuttle flights have changed in complexity and duration, the medical care capability in flight as evolved to support these changes. EMK
Telemedicine has been applied and continues to be used everyday humans are in space. Private medical conferences (PMCs) between crew members and their flight surgeons, as well as vital physiological parameters continues to characterize telemedicine in space flight. In addition, video downlink capability can be used to support medical events when they occur. Here is an image of an astronaut examining another astronaut's eye with a fundus scope during a technology demonstration inflight. The image of the retina was down linked to the NASA Johnson Space Center where experts access the astronauts health status.

3. WV K-12 RuralNet Project:West Virginia Collaborative Activities
Space Station will be an orbiting laboratory for microgravity research. Teaching ResourcesOnLine Courses Watershed Switchboard collaborative activities
  • RuralNet Collaborative Activities
  • West Virginia Collaborative Activities
  • What are Collaborative Activities?
  • Finding Collaborative Activities on the Web
    RuralNet Collaborative Activities:
    Is the Space Program a Good Value for our Money?
    Answers of student questions from John Hinkle
  • What will the next generation launch system include besides the shuttle? (Chris Helmick)
  • It’s not clear yet whether the next generation launch system will be the shuttle (upgraded) or something else. That decision will be made in a couple of years. We’re already looking at extending the shuttle to 2012. We may possibly keep the shuttles flying until 2020. Currently we’re examining alternatives. The key alternative is X-33 being developed jointly by NASA and Lockheed-Martin. You can get information about X-33 at
  • What happens if something unexpected happens, like technical difficulty or communications system breaks? (Matt Cavender). Have you ever missed an error on some software and if so what was the result? (Tiffany Hoke)
  • I’m sure I’ve missed lots of them over my career. For programs as large as I work on like the International Space Station (over one million lines of code), we will never get all the errors out of the software (it is physically impossible to check all paths through a complex set of software!). All we can do is check extra hard the most critical parts of the software to make sure that the worst possible results of errors won’t happen. Now, as to the only error that I personally made that I know actually went out in software, it was in a system that helped a sailor on a ship tell a pilot on a fighter aircraft which way to go to attack a hostile aircraft. It was very early in my career and I didn’t know all the different ways to test the software to ensure it worked correctly. Well, … after the software was delivered, it turned out that sometimes the software suggested that the pilot fly in the wrong direction. Oops!

    microgravity Sciences and Applications (OLMSA) budget structure has been realigned to reflect the reorganization of the programmatic activities a new collaborative venture with the

    5. Life And Microgravity Sciences And Applications
    The OLMSA also manages the Space Station Payload Facilities development program. BUDGET SUMMARY OFFICE OF LIFE AND microgravity SCIENCES AND APPLICATIONS SUMMARY OF RESOURCES REQUIREMENTS more than $5.0 million annually of collaborative activities with the NIH.

    6. Space Team Online - Learning Resources
    collaborative activities students work with other students over the Internet. changesthat occur in the human body while in the microgravity environment.
    Learning Resources
    Collaborative Activities : students work with other students over the Internet
      In the Shuttle Simulations activity, students will perform a launch simulation, do an experiment collecting data, and perform a landing with NASA-provided scripts.
    Student Publications : students are encouraged to publish their work on NASA's Web site. Lesson Plans : a collection of curriculum supplements for teachers to use in their classroom
      Liftoff to Learning Guides : a collection of guides that supplement thier respective counterparts in the Liftoff to Learning Videos series.
      • Go For EVA! : explains the reasons for wearing spacesuits during spacewalking misssions. All Systems Go! : discusses the physiologic changes that occur in the human body while in the microgravity environment. Living in Space : contrasts the differences between living on Earth and living in space.
      Microgravity Lessons : sixteen physical science classroom activities for grades 5-12.

    7. NASA Glenn Educational Activities
    Targeted to educators and students in our sixstate region (MN,WI,MI,IL,IN Technology Space NASA Education...... design, fabricate, and operate a microgravity experiment Earth Day (Everyday!) Activitiesand events sponsored OAI promotes collaborative research, graduate and

    NASA Glenn Educational Activities
    A major part of the NASA mission is "To inspire the next generation of explorers . . . as only NASA can." Aeronautics and space programs provide unique opportunities to stimulate and inspire young minds to excel in science and math skills. Many students dream of being pilots, astronauts, or world-renowned scientists and engineers. We encourage these dreams as we work to capture young people's interest in science and math, as we'll need an adequate pool of young people to assume the jobs necessary to take us into the 21st century.
    General Programs and Resources
    NASA Glenn educational activities are targeted to educators and students in our six-state region
    Office of Educational Programs
    Glenn is working to advance NASA's aims to involve the educational community in our endeavors to inspire America's students, create learning opportunities, and enlighten inquisitive minds.
    Educator Resources
    Educators are given special access to unique NASA resources which have been proven in classrooms.
    Classroom Presentations
    NASA Glenn's Speakers Bureau members are available to come to your school.

    8. On-line NASA Events & Resources
    NASA Quest. http// ISS A Home in microgravity. Lesson plans and studentactivities. collaborative activities in which kids work with one another.
    Where am I? NASA Spacelink Home Educator Focus The International Space: A Unique Resource for Learning Back to The International Space Station: A Unique Resource for Learning
    This page provides information about NASA Educational Programs that contain activities, webcasts, interactive events, distance learning expeditions, challenges, contests, pictures, profiles of NASA experts, and opportunities for students to interact with the people of the International Space Station.
    On-line Educational Activities from NASA Spacelink
    Grab that computer mouse and join NASA Spacelink for investigations into what NASA is all about. Using these On-line Educational Activities, students can explore NASA through guided research (and have fun at the same time). The activities are ready for use in the classroom or
    computer lab and require minimal teacher prep time.

    9. Spacelink - Mathematics
    guide contains background material and classroom activities related to of four typesof microgravity platforms the NCTM Standards is a collaborative project of
    Library Contents:
    Other Features:
    Where am I? NASA Spacelink Home The Library Instructional Materials Curriculum Support Mathematics
    Mathematics are a fundamental part of aerospace research. This area contains educator guides and classroom on-line activities relating to Mathematics.
    [Some of these links will take you out of NASA Spacelink. To return, use the Back button on your browser or bookmark this page for later reference.] Aeronautics - Try these activities with students in grades 2-4. The three chapters are (1)Air, (2)Flight, and (3)We Can Fly, You and I. They are designed to be fun and simple and have been tested in countless homes, classrooms and teacher workshops.
    Amateur Radio in Space - This educator's guide contains background information on the Space Amateur Radio EXperiment (SAREX) designed to facilitate communication between astronauts in orbit with students on the ground. Hands-on activities in this guide explore concepts related to amateur radio in the areas of science, mathematics, and technology.
    Exploring Earth From Space - This NASA educational lithograph set includes an educator guide and pictures of Earth taken from space as part of the NASA EarthKAM program. This incredible resource will enhance studies of science, mathematics, technology, and geography.

    10. MITAC Activities
    These experiments are the first to evaluate a microgravity surgical simulator purposeof the meeting was to discuss collaborative activities in telemedicine
    During 2003, a series of speakers representing a plethora of areas in telemedicine and telehealth will participate in sessions from March through October. These sessions are held during the lunchtime to accommodate many individual schedules. The majority will be held in the Dirksen Senate Office Building or in the U.S. Capitol Building. As a co-sponsor, MITAC will have the opportunity to participate as both speaker and attendee. MITAC will receive a final report from Health Tech Strategies at the conclusion of this series.
    For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology (FIRST)
    MITAC served as a co-sponsor in the NASA/VCU FIRST Robotics Competition, March 6-8, 2003. MITAC Director, Ronald C. Merrell, M.D. served as a judge. MITAC's Brett Harnett worked the floor of the event, providing technical support as necessary and appropriate. FIRST has developed a national robotics competition that provides high school aged boys and girls an opportunity to express their interest and skills in science and technology. Such events are of critical importance as they serve as a forum for young adults to observe first hand the challenges of science and engineering and more importantly the unlimited possibilities. MITAC is very much involved in education and sharing knowledge.
    Dr. Broderick receives a NASA research award

    11. :: NASA Quest > Archives ::
    Through this collaborative activity we hope to Encourage throughout the remainderof the design activities. for safety, everything must adapt to microgravity.
    The Great Animal Habitat Debate
    A Collaborative Activity
    Overview The goal of this activity is for students to have a classroom experience that parallels the process used by US and International life scientists and engineers as they discuss, plan, and conduct joint science on the Neurolab Mission. Through this collaborative activity we hope to:
      Encourage use of science skills (observation, data collection, comparing and contrasting, communication, reasoning and use of evidence, design of experiments).
      Increase understanding of the benefit of using animals in research.
      Increase understanding of the many factors involved in the proper care and use of animals in space.
      Arouse enthusiasm, excitement, and interest in biomedical research in space.
      Facilitate cooperative learning in the classroom.
      Involve students in critical thinking/problem solving scenarios.
    Key Questions
      What is needed to keep animals alive and healthy in space?
      What system is best for the care and use of animals in space?

    and collaborative activities. Awards under this program are exclusively for groundbased research. If research requires a microgravity environment for concept

    13. Bioscience And Engineering Glenn INitiative
    team established to support the JSC Biotechnology Program’s bioreactor activities; MicrogravityScience Division MS 774 Attn Glenn Bioengineering Program
    Glenn Research Center Microgravity Science Division Home Bio Engineering Consortium Space Act Agreements ... CTO Projects
    Non-dimensionalization / scaling of the problem for suspended cells
    Theoretical description of the forces acting on a suspended cell
    Feasibility studies on adequacy of commercial codes to address flow ports, stirring , and settling including a numerical study of a simplified problem
    Quantification of shear stress, normal forces, concentration and concentration gradients near the cell layer as a function of flow rate and duration of nutrient input for adherent cells
    Joint Fluid-Cell Science Technology

    Use of LMM to image cells that have been cultured in the bioreactor (feasibility assessment) .

    these studies; 3) any studies on life and microgravity programs currently commenton 1) the nature of the collaborative research activities that have
    SUBCOMMITTEE ON SPACE AND AERONAUTICS U.S. House of Representatives COMMITTEE ON SCIENCE B-374 Rayburn House Office Building Washington, DC (202) 225-6415 FAX
    Hearing Charter
    FY2001 NASA Budget Request: Life and Microgravity Research
    2318 Rayburn House Office Building Wednesday, March 22, 2000 2:00 P.M. WITNESSES:
    Dr. Arnauld Nicogossian
    Associate Administrator, Office of Life and Microgravity Sciences and Applications National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Dr. Mary Jane Osborn
    Chair, Committee on Space Biology and Medicine National Research Council
    Dr. Richard Hodes
    Director, Institute on Aging National Institutes of Health Dr. Jay Buckey, Jr. President, American Society for Gravitational and Space Biology
    Dr. David Kaufman
    President, Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology Purpose of Hearing This hearing is intended to profile NASA’s Life and Microgravity Science programs in the context of the Administration’s FY2001 budget request for NASA. Four witnesses will present testimony. Dr. Nicogossian has been asked to address:

    15. 2000 USSS Submission -- Washington University, St. Louis
    from previous Symposium activities, and suggests possible collaborative activitiesto be missions, K12 students perform real microgravity experiments, have
    Project Aria: GAS Cans, Virtual Explorers and Solar Sails at Washington University
    Michael A. Swartwout (Mechanical Engineering), Keith Bennett (Computer. Science)
    Project Aria
    Washington University
    St. Louis, MO 63130-4899, USA
    Project Aria at Washington University in St. Louis, is in its fourth year of space systems education and outreach. Past projects include passive experiments flown on the Space Shuttle and technology demonstrators for balloon flights. Currently, Project Aria is pursuing several robotic missions, including more Shuttle flights, a robotic control network, and operations support for the Sapphire microsatellite. These projects have also been included in previous Symposium activities. This program is seeking collaborators for future Shuttle experiments, as well as joint operation of robotic vehicles and a long-term solar sail development project. This paper provides highlights of some Project Aria missions, results from previous Symposium activities, and suggests possible collaborative activities to be developed at the 2001 Symposium.
    Project Aria
    Project Aria began in 1998 as an outreach program at the School of Engineering and Applied Science (SEAS) at Washington University; it was chartered to connect St. Louis-area school districts with hands-on science and education projects with the goal of encouraging students to pursue scientific careers. As a secondary goal, Project Aria provides undergraduate education opportunities and faculty research experiments through its programs. Recent missions include:

    16. Web Of Life - NASA's Fundamental Biology Outreach Program
    NASA collaborative Ukraine Experiment (CUE) An overview of activities from CUE EuropeanSpace Agency (ESA) microgravity Database An overview of microgravity

    Research Overview Flight Experiments Hardware ... Contact Us
    Learning Resources
    Internships and Opportunities
    The Spaceflight and Life Sciences Training Program (SLSTP)
    A competitive six-week summer internship in the fields of biology and engineering. NASA Student Involvement Program (NSIP)
    Hosts student competitions in several categories. Reduced Gravity Student Opportunity
    Student competition for proposing experiments and flying them on NASA's "Vomit Comet". The Dropping in a Microgravity Environment program (DIME)
    Accepts student proposals for conducting experiments on a 2.2 second drop tower.
    Effects of Space Flight on the Human Vestibular System - 20+ page educational brief complete with classroom instructions, details on how to build your own Barany chair, and more. You may download a printable PDF format version as well. Off-Planet Plants
    This NASAexplores website features an article about plants in space as well as classroom activities designed for students in grades K-4, 5-8, and 9-12. SEEDS II is a kit containing space-flown tomato seeds and two controls. Activities focus on the scientific method. To request a kit

    17. AR 2000. Introduction
    the approval of the European Space Agency project microgravity effects on the startof collaborative activities with local health structures and the Hopital
    R. Merletti, Director of LISiN The year 2000 witnessed important achievements of the Center for Biomedical Engineering, both at the national and at the international level. Among these are:
  • the implementation of the Italian mirror of SCOP, Structural Classification of Proteins, first European mirror of the data base originally developed at the Medical Research Council of Cambridge (UK) and first milestone of the Laboratory for Bioinformatics (LABI) proposed in 1999
    the promotion of a substantial teaching activity for the dissemination of results obtained by the Laboratory for Neuromuscular System Engineering (LISiN) and of the recommendations produced by the European Concerted Action on Surface EMG for the Non Invasive Assessment of Muscles (SENIAM). Such activity was jointly sponsored by the Department of Health of the Regional Administration of Piemonte and by the Department of Electronics of Politecnico di Torino and involved about 400 participants in six courses organized in six health delivery structures
    the publication of the Italian edition of the SENIAM volume containing the European recommendations about surface EMG and of the volume "Basic concepts of surface EMG", both adopted as textbooks in the courses mentioned above
  • 18. Education Outreach
    SEM is best suited for microgravity experimentation while SubSEM is UMES), a historicallyminority university, to promote collaborative activities that will

    Site Map

    To NASA

    Contact Wallops

    Public Outreach
    Education Outreach
    Opening young minds to the wonders of Earth and space sciences is a NASA mission embraced by Wallops. Our long history of supporting education and our unique capabilities make Wallops an ideal laboratory for the development of aerospace education. Students of all ages benefit from Wallops programs and resources.
    • We develop, test and fly/operate hardware on site. We implement diverse activities, including rockets, balloons, scientific aircraft, remotely piloted aerial vehicles, Space Shuttle payloads, small satellites, data instrumentation, launch range projects and research airport projects. Our flight programs are comparatively low-cost and have a short life cycle.
    Weekly programs, hands-on exhibits and the opportunity to earn a "Space Ace" certificate and lithograph are educational activities hosted by the Wallops Visitor Center. Each program is designed to enable children to explore and learn about the technologies and information designed and used by NASA researchers and scientists.
    In addition, Wallops reaches out with educational programs that bring science to the community. Our multi-talented personnel enjoy working with the community to further our mission of educating the public. We tailor our programs to the needs of our audience and often involve direct participation.

    19. Thompson Professional Development-Collaborative Projects
    5. Questionand-Answer activities 6. Impersonations. to engage in collaborative educationalprojects that Join live webcasts where experts discuss microgravity.


    Collaborative Projects
    "The key to the most powerful uses of networks is that they go beyond simple information access. The powerful uses include electronic publishing, collaborative problem solving, and joint project-based learning activities with people from around the world. "
    -Levin and Thurston, 1996
    What are collaborative or networked projects? Collaborative projects, also known as networked projects, enable students in separate locations to exchange ideas and information. The use of simple technology such as a computer, modem, e-mail, and printer facilitates the collaboration. Picture This:
    • Students in California, Illinois, Japan, Mexico, and Israel tackled the problems of local water shortages by debating and discussing solutions.

    20. Collaboration In K-12
    part of NASA's Quest) collaborative activities, and a favor of more science and mathoriented activities. the brain's functioning in microgravity (Neur0n), the
    Internet Resources
    for K-12 Collaboration Making Connections and Joining Projects The Brainium

    The Brainium is a collection of science resources. Absolutely fantastic graphics. The site requires Shockwave and some patience because of file sizes. Some of the resources are not as rich as one would like (Infomactor) but check out, in particular, Mondo Brainium, for collaboration between classes and with scientists. There is a membership subscription fee for using the site but visitors may check it out for free for 30 days. KIDPROJ

    KidProj is a part of KidLink and is a support area for teachers and others seeking to develop and implement inter-class collaborate projects online. A calendar of events, a list of a large number of current projects, and forms for joining projects are available. Kidlink and its associated mailing lists have been around for a long time and are well respected and supported. The service is free. Global SchoolNET Foundation

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