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         Microgravity Collaborative Activities:     more detail

21. NASA SPD News: SPD Team Members Present Papers
of commercial space and microgravity research, development subsidization, of commercialspace activities by government as does the collaborative research and
International Symposium on
Space Technology and Science
For more information
email us at: The 23rd International Symposium on Space Technology and Science (ISTS) that will be held in Matsue, Japan is the most popular space technology and science conference in Japan. Our own Mark Nall, Joe Casas, and Blake Powers will be presenting papers at the conference from May 26 through June 2. Please see brief summaries of their presentations below: Title: Partnering With Industry for Out of This World Results Presenter: Mark Nall, Manager, NASA MSFC Space Product Development
Abstract: True space commercialization can only be achieved through having the broadest possible industrial participation. Commercial paradigms focused solely on commercial launch operations are not sufficient, since there are not yet sufficient markets to support large-scale operations and innovation. Commercial Space Centers partnering with industry can provide the basis for broad non-aerospace investment in space while producing new products and services. This expands the market of space users, while benefiting the economy and the taxpayers.
Title: Benefits Awareness: Educating Industry, Finance, and the Public About Space Commercialization

22. FY 2001: NASA Budget Request: Life And Microgravity Research - Fiscal Year 2001
in today’s hearing on life and microgravity research and the NIA and NASA have beenengaged in numerous collaborative research activities since 1989
National Institute on Aging
National Institutes of Health NIA Home ^
About the NIA ^

Congressional Justification

Director's Statement FY 2001 DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Statement by Richard J. Hodes, M.D. Director, National Institute on Aging FY 2001: NASA Budget Request: Life and Microgravity Research House Science Committee
Subcommittee on Space and Aeronautics March 22, 2000 Mr. Chairman and Members of the Subcommittee: Overview of NIA/NASA Collaborations as well as other Institutes at the NIH, and NASA have supported joint ground/space projects, such as the Neurolab Program and the STS-95 mission. Most of the workshops supported by the NIA and NASA have focused on analysis and comparisons of changes observed during aging and the physical changes induced by space flight ( Chart #1 ). Through the issuance of workshop papers and grant solicitations, or Program Announcements (PA), these workshops have endeavored to stimulate the scientific community to engage in relevant research. The latest NIH-NASA Program Announcement "Earth-Based Research Relevant to the Space Environment," for example, was issued as a result of recommendations that arose from the 1997, NIA-NASA workshop "Aging and Space Flight: Expanding the Science Base" Chart #2 . Following the workshop, a working group of staff from several Institutes at the National Institutes of Health met to develop this collaboration. The resulting PA, which will be published in an upcoming issue of the

23. NASA Office Of External Relations: Human Space Flight And Research Division (Cod
formation of international collaborative relationships and arrangements to enableinternational research activities. life and microgravity science multilateral
NASA Office of External Relations
Human Space Flight and Research Division (Code IH)
The Human Space Flight and Research Division supports the international activities of two NASA Enterprises, 1) the Human Exploration and Development of Space Enterprise and 2) the Biological and Physical Research Enterprise . The Division provides dedicated international, interagency, and policy coordination support to the Administrator, the Associate Administrator for External Relations, the Office of Space Flight , the Office of Biological and Physical Research, the Chief Health and Medical Officer, and the Office of Safety and Mission Assurance . This support includes day-to-day international interaction at the Headquarters corporate level on matters related to the International Space Station , the Space Shuttle , Tracking and Communications, and Biological and Physical Research cooperative programs. In 1998, Congress passed the Commercial Space Act of 1998 "to encourage the development of a commercial space industry in the United States". The Act included specific provisions for the commercialization of the International Space Station as a high priority for economic development of low-Earth orbit. The Division works closely with its international partners to coordinate commercial activities through a multilateral consultative working group on commercialization. The Division also supports the coordination of commercialization efforts on the International Space Station through multilateral management boards. Additionally, as new issues related to international participation continue to arise, the Division will assist the Office of Biological and Physical Research in establishing the framework and agreements to best foster NASA's commercialization efforts.

24. International Aeronautical And Space Activities-Cooperation With Foreign Partner
space communications, life and microgravity sciences and activities included a pressconference highlighting the mission, an international collaborative space x
International Aeronautical and Space Activities
Cooperation With Foreign Partners
DoS and NASA continued negotiations on the formal agreements relative to the International Space Station program. During FY 1995, DoS held five rounds of negotiations between the existing partners and Russia on the Space Station Intergovernmental Agreement. In parallel, NASA continued negotiations with the Russian Space Agency (RSA) on a bilateral memorandum of understanding, as well as with the European, Japanese, and Canadian space agencies on amendments to their respective Space Station memoranda of understanding to reflect Russian involvement in the program and modifications to respective contributions by the partners. The plan for shared design, development, operations, and utilization of the International Space Station already has provided concrete opportunities for successful international collaboration among the various governments, industries, universities, and individual scientists. The ongoing interaction with Russia on the Shuttle- Mir and International Space Station programs has contributed positively to the U.S. policy of encouraging Russia to continue on its course to democratization and a market economy.

25. American Society For Gravitational And Space Biology -- Research On The Internat
Similarly, the International microgravity Strategic Planning Group has been formedto address collaborative activities in the microgravity Sciences, which
Research on the International Space Station: Watch This Space! by John-David Bartoe
Research Manager, ISS Program
In an earlier ASGSB Newsletter How is the sequence and timing of this research outfitting determined? Given the complexity of the assembly sequence and the lead-time required to develop research facilities and hardware, a strategic long-term plan for research has been developed. The annual update of this strategic plan begins with a definition of the research capabilities of the International Space Station as a function of time. The assembly sequence is used to develop a more detailed description of the research capabilities; the capabilities defined include the available payload upmass, on-orbit space, power, crew time and communications capacity for each year. This year-by-year capability definition is then used by each International Space Station partner to develop a five-year strategic plan, called the Partner Utilization Plan. Each of the five partner agencies (NASA, the Science and Technology Agency of Japan, the European Space Agency, the Canadian Space Agency, and the Russian Space Agency) develops its own Partner Utilization Plan similar to the U.S. Plan. These plans, however, are not developed independently. Careful coordination takes place among the agencies at the research discipline level, which ensures that the plans are not only compatible, but are synergistic and thus produce higher research return.

26. Announcement And Call For Papers
aspects of microgravity Science and Technology, and provide a forum to exploreopportunities for collaborative research activities among scientists and
Announcement and Call for Papers
Abstract Submission Deadline Extended to February 24, 2003
Microgravity Transport Processes in Fluid, Thermal,
Biological and Materials Sciences Conference III
September 14 -19, 2003
Davos, Switzerland

Prof. S.S Sadhal, University of Southern California, USA
Prof. V.K. Dhir, UCLA, USA
Prof. Naomi Chayen, Imperial College, U.K.
Prof. H. Ohta, Kyushu University, Japan
Prof. R.W. Smith, Queen's University, Canada Conference Objectives
The main objectives of the conference are to exchange technical information and ideas among the various scientists and engineers working in Microgravity Fluid, Thermal, Biological, and Materials Sciences. These areas have become of importance to various disciplines within the broader realm of microgravity research. The conference will address the cross-cutting aspects of microgravity science and technology, and provide a forum for the synthesis of knowledge that has been acquired over the last several years. It is intended to effectively cover the growing interdisciplinary aspects of Microgravity Science and Technology, and provide a forum to explore opportunities for collaborative research activities among scientists and engineers. Background With several space shuttle experiments that have been conducted over the last two decades, significant new insight has been provided into various physical phenomena under microgravity conditions. There is at present a need to provide direction for microgravity research in which fluid flow and other transport processes to form a common basis for many investigations. The proposed conference will provide the free flow of ideas under this common theme. For example, in Biomedical Engineering and Materials Processing, fluid, thermal and mass-transport aspects have gained primacy among various researchers, and the sharing of expertise has become a necessity for technical progress. With long-term manned space missions in the near future, technical problems encompassing several of these disciplines have been envisioned.

27. K-12 Educational Program Plan
notes on collaborative efforts with specific organizations are included in AppendixA. Products and activities. This section lists a variety of microgravity
Educational Program Plan


For the Classroom

Other Resources
... Printable Version 1 June 1998 Introduction Approach While reviewing numerous education documents from different NASA disciplines [1-4], it quickly became clear that the current thrust of most outreach programs is on high-leverage projects. The aim of such projects is to affect more than a single student, class, or teacher, but rather to develop products that can be used by many schools and to train teachers of teachers so that use of products can be implemented across the country. In addition, while the overall theme of educational products developed by the National Center for Microgravity Research will be Microgravity, it should be understood that the underlying emphasis must be on the basic science, mathematics, and engineering principles of fluid physics and combustion science research. This is particularly true for the K-4 levels for which the concept of microgravity is difficult to explain. The National Center will develop microgravity products following the "Guidelines for Developing Microgravity Outreach / Education Materials" established by the NASA Microgravity Research Program Office, Marshall Space Flight Center. These guidelines are:
  • determine goals of project / product
  • identify the audience (grade level, teacher pre-service, teacher in-service)

28. Astronaut Takao Doi Performed Japan's First Spacewalk.
MS Doi participated in the following PAO activities collaborative Ukrainian Experiment(CUE). NSAU (National Space study the effects of microgravity on plant
Astronaut Takao Doi performed Japan's first spacewalk.
The space shuttle Columbia was launched at 2:46 p.m. on Nov 19, 1997 (EDT) from Kennedy Space Center. The STS-87 mission lasted 15 days, 16 hours and 34 minutes with Columbia landing at Kennedy Space Center on December 5 at 7:20 a.m.
Mission Specialist (MS) Takao Doi's main activities
Extravehicular Activity (EVA)
  • First EVA
    MS Doi and MS Scott performed the first EVA of this mission from 9:02 a.m. JST to 4:45 p.m. (7 hour and 43 minute) on Nov 25. They manually retrieved the Spartan satellite and evaluated the EVA crane by handling a large Orbital Replacement Unit (ORU), such a crane will be used in assembly of the International Space Station

  • Second EVA
    MS Doi and MS Scott conducted the second EVA of this mission from 3:09 p.m. to 8:09 p.m. (4 hour and 49 minute) on Dec. 3. They used the crane to move a small ORU instead of the large ORU and tested the AERCam/Sprint ( a free-flying video camera ), which could not be tested during the first EVA.
    Combined with the first spacewalk duration of 7 hours, 43 minutes, they spent 12 hours and 43 minutes outside Columbia's crew cabin.

29. 9 Jan 1998 Letter From Acting Associate Administrator For Space Flight Re: NASA
Those activities will continue as part of a collaborative Agency effort the Officeof Space Flight and the Office of Life and microgravity Sciences and

30. NASA FY 2003 Budget Background: Office Of Biological And Physcial Research (Code
to support other biologicallyrelated NASA activities; and. collaborative effortswith the NASA Astrobiology Program will the effect of microgravity on skeletal

31. Education World ® Helping Kids Deal With The Space Shuttle Tragedy
basics of space science, including astronomy and microgravity, and explanations ofNASA includes lesson plans, biographies, collaborative activities, and live

Professional Development Center
Archives: VIEW ALL ARTICLES The Arts ... Teacher's Lounge Professional Development Article P R O F E S S I O N A L D E V E L O P M E N T
Helping Kids Deal With the Space Shuttle Tragedy
On Saturday, February 1, 2003, at just about 8 a.m. CST, the Space Shuttle Columbia, carrying seven astronauts, broke up over Texas, only a few minutes before its scheduled touchdown. Today, Education World offers resources to help you help your students deal with the Columbia tragedy, and to help them understand the history and goals of the U.S. space program. Included: Online resources to teach kids about the Space Shuttle program and to help them cope with the Columbia accident. On Saturday, February 1, 2003, at just about 8 a.m. CST, the Space Shuttle Columbia broke up over Texas. The Shuttle, carrying astronauts David Brown, Rick Husband, William McCool, Michael Anderson, Kalpana Chawla, Laurel Clark, and Ilan Ramon, was only a few minutes from its scheduled touchdown at Florida’s Kennedy Space Center. Most likely, your students have spent the weekend inundated by news coverage of the event. As always, when national or international tragedies occur, students need an opportunity to discuss the event and to understand its causes and implications. Some students might be wondering whether the Space Shuttle tragedy was a result of terrorist activities. Others might question why men and women risk their lives for space exploration. Your youngest students, those most likely to personalize the accident, might be afraid of additional falling debris from space.

32. Budgeting System Project Title Counterpart Specific International
with international activities, ie, international conferences, collaborative researchprojects Application under microgravity Surfaces, University
Annual Report 1999
Annual Report 1999
Annual Report 1998 Annual Report 1997 Annual Report 1996 ... @Back to [Main Research Areas] Outline of Research Activities
mMaterial Science and Technologyn
mBioengineringn mInformation and Systems Sciencen mAdvanced Machine Technologyn ... mList of Publications(1999)n International Cooperative Activities @@@@@The Mechanical Engineering Laboratory encourages its members to be involved with international activities, i.e., international conferences, collaborative research projects and researcher exchange programs with foreign research organizations. @@@@@In 1999, several research staff members were away for periods of up to one year for research work at overseas government laboratories and universities, and about 230 researchers went abroad to present their research work at international conferences or to visit foreign research organizations. @@@@@MEL also makes active use of a variety of researcher invitation programs supported by the Japanese Government and other institutions. In 1999, over 70 foreign researchers visited our laboratory as guest researchers, using fellowship programs supported by the STA, AIST, ITIT, and other organizations. @@@@@The following two figures show the numbers of visits and lengths of stay of invited researchers over the past decade, and the regional distribution of invited foreign researchers for FY1999. The following tables show a list of international cooperative research projects in progress in FY1999, and a list of invitation programs with the number of invited researchers in FY1999.

33. Space Agencies: An Update
However, Germany has a history of collaborative space flight activities with NASA. hardwareflew as part of the International microgravity Laboratory 2
Chapter 2 of discussed the history of NASA's international cooperation in space life sciences, from its origins through the early 1990s. In the intervening years, the scope and character of collaborative activities undertaken by NASA Life Sciences has expanded internationally to include additional space agencies and domestically to include other federal organizations. This chapter provides an updated overview of these activities and their participants.
The budget and implementation for the U.S. space life sciences research efforts is administered by the headquarters of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration in Washington, DC. Management of research and development programs is handled by program offices that are governed by NASA headquarters. Ames Research Center Kennedy Space Center Located on the central Atlantic coast of Florida, KSC is NASA's primary base for space launch, landing, and payload processing operations. Center responsibilities include ground and support operations, prelaunch checkout, and launch of the Space Shuttle and its payloads; the landing and recovery of the Shuttle orbiter and payloads; the recovery of the reuseable solid rocket boosters; and subsequent turnaround operations in preparation for future missions. KSC also provides launch support and oversight for NASA activities related to expendable launch vehicle (ELV) missions, primarily from adjacent Cape Canaveral Air Station in Florida and Vandenberg Air Force Base in California.

34. Task Book Tasks Retrieved Page
microgravity data taken on PVA dendrites, where neighbors are interacting 8) Continuedthe collaborative activities with other groups pursuing modeling efforts

35. Research Project Number 33: The Scientific Research Of Artists
crews, I speculated that collaborative creative activities of expression as alternativeleisure time activities? processes in a microgravity environment evoke space art interdisciplinary fine art welcome news paintings editions ... performance art space art about frank contact Research Project Number 33 Overview

01 Introduction

02 Background
03 Science as an Artistic Objective

04 The Scientrific Research of Artists
a) My Hope
b) My Belief

05 The Politics of Art and Science

06 The Artistic Objective

07 Methodologies and Materials
... article reprint Space Art Links Events Projects and Groups Research Project Number 33 The Scientific Research of Artists: My Hope Living Aloft: Human Requirements for Extended Spaceflight It is my hope that scientists will consider the following relevant scientific questions raised as a part of Research Project 33 as the basis for further investigations. These ideas, hypotheses and questions evolved during the 10 years of research I conducted prior to the 1998 KC135 flight. Considering that meals, sleep and recreation can influence the performance and morale of space crews, I speculated that collaborative creative activities would also enhance person-to-person relationships in space. Specifics for research might include the following: Would the opportunity to create art during space flight motivate one to perform needed physical and mental exercise? Can arm-hand steadiness, finger dexterity, hand-eye coordination, perceptual speed and reaction time all be improved by integrating painting and other forms of expression as alternative leisure time activities? Can heightened experiences of right hemispheric processes in a microgravity environment evoke memories for an individual that would facilitate a sense of safety and satisfaction?

36. Microgravity Research Program 1995 Annual Report
The microgravity program also has collaborative work with FY 1995 was one of NASA'sbiggest years ever for international activities, with the microgravity
NASA'S Microgravity Science Research Program
M icrogravity offers scientists another tool, albeit a powerful one, to pursue and enhance their mainstream traditional laboratory science endeavors in biotechnology, combustion science, fluid physics, materials science, and low-temperature microgravity physics. In this way, microgravity experiments compliment an investigators conventional ground-based pursuit of increased understanding of a process or phenomena and provides insight and advancement in knowledge which would otherwise be impossible.
T he ongoing challenge faced by NASA's Microgravity Science Research Program in Fiscal Year 1995 and every year is to work with the scientific and engineering communities to secure the maximum return from our Nation's investments by: (1) assuring that the best possible science emerges from the science community for microgravity investigations; (2) ensuring the maximum scientific return from each investigation in the most timely and cost-effective manner; and (3) enhancing the distribution of data and applications of results acquired through completed investigations to maximize their benefits. We continued to meet this challenge in Fiscal Year (FY) 1995. NASA continued to build a solid RESEARCH COMMUNITY of Microgravity Researchers for the coming space station era.

37. FASEB FY 1997 Report: NASA
collaborative Research. the NIH, and allocated $10 million for the new activities.However, Congress allocated these funds for microgravity research and none
FASEB Report Sustaining the Commitment: Federal Funding for
Biomedical and Related Life Sciences Research, FY 1997
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
". . . . A stronger Life Sciences program is an imperative if the the U.S. space policy is to construct a permanently manned Space Station and achieve its stated goal of expanding the human presence beyond Earth orbit into the solar system." Frederick C. Robbins, MD Nobel Laureate (1988) Personal communication to Daniel Fink, Chairman. NASA Advisory Council.
Agency Mission
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is the only Federal Agency that can explore the role of gravity in living systems. Although hypergravity can be studied on Earth's surface with centrifuges, only by escaping Earth's gravitational force can the influence of gravity on morphology, function, reproduction, and development be determined. Ongoing NASA life science projects include the Life and Microgravity Spacelab Mission (LMS), the U.S. Microgravity Payload Mission (USMP-3), the Neurolab Mission, and a series of missions during which the American Space Shuttle will dock with the Russian Space Station. In recent years, NASA has strengthened the quality of its external merit review of research proposals, has developed strong collaborative research efforts with many individual Institutes within NIH, and has increased its role in educating American students in biomedical issues and challenges surrounding life in space.
Selected Accomplishments

38. Integrated Modeling Of Cardiac Mechanical And Electrical Function
conditions to develop simulations of longterm cardiac adaptation to microgravity. Wehave engaged in productive collaborative activities with other members of
Cardiovascular Alterations Home Research Research Areas Team Highlights ... Education and Outreach
Project Executive Summary
Research Announcements News and Public Outreach Industry Forum About NSBRI ... Search/Site Map
Research Area: Cardiovascular Alterations Principal Investigator: Andrew D. McCulloch, Ph.D. Organization: University of California, San Diego Project Title: Integrated Modeling of Cardiac Mechanical and Electrical Function AIMS
Aim 1
: To apply our existing techniques for modeling three-dimensional cardiac mechanics and action potential propagation to develop anatomically detailed three-dimensional dynamic finite element models of regional cardiac electromechanics. Aim 2 : To bridge models and data on cardiac metabolism and cellular dynamics with systems models of coronary flow, central hemodynamics, and cardiovascular regulation. Aim 3 : To develop tools for using available wall motion data from medical imaging in man to validate the mechanoenergetic models and identify myocardial constitutive properties. Aim 4 : To apply new models of geometric and constitutive remodeling in response to chronically altered external loading conditions to develop simulations of long-term cardiac adaptation to microgravity.

39. ENC: Web Links: Science Topics: Gravity
presents an online collaborative project where Learning Coalition, contains astronomylessons and activities. 14 microgravity Science Division, NASA Glenn,1578,1-Gravity,00.shtm
Skip Navigation You Are Here ENC Home Web Links Science Topics Advanced ... Frequently Asked Questions Find detailed information about thousands of materials for K-12 math and science. Read articles about inquiry, equity, and other key topics for educators and parents. Create your learning plan, read the standards, and find tips for getting grants.
Science Topics
Lists of web sites categorized by subject areas within science.
Date: Grade: ENC#:

(For more details see Brief ENC Record or Full ENC Record
Science fun with airplanes

Date: Grade: ENC#:

This World Wide Web (WWW) site, maintained for grades 6 to 12 by the Extension 4H Specialists in the Ohio State University, provides self guided lessons to help students learn about the principles of flight and why planes fly the way they do. These lessons...
(For more details see Brief ENC Record or Full ENC Record
Mars Academy

Date: Grade: ENC#:

This World Wide Web (WWW) site, maintained for grades 9 to 12 and postsecondary, presents an online collaborative project where students all over the world are designing a simulation of a manned mission to Mars. The mission design uses existing and ...
(For more details see Brief ENC Record or Full ENC Record The physics classroom Date: Grade: ENC#: This World Wide Web (WWW) site, maintained for grades 9 to 12 by physics teacher, presents an online physics tutorial. The coverage of topics at The Physics Classroom coincides with the coverage of topics in the Physics 163 class at Glenbrook, Illinois...

40. RIACS Research Activities
Advanced Visualization and collaborative Virtual Environments for later advanced trainingactivities that require in a simulated microgravity environment while
Research at RIACS
When people think of space, they think of rocket plumes and the Space Shuttle, but the future of space is information technology. We must develop a virtual presence, in space, on planets, in aircraft and spacecraft. - Daniel S. Goldin, former NASA Administrator
NASA Ames has identified four cornerstones of information technology research necessary to meet the future challenges of NASA missions:
  • Autonomous Systems Human-Centered Computing High Performance Computing and Networking Applications of Information Technology
  • RIACS research focuses on all of these areas, as well as collaborating with NASA scientists to apply information technology research to a variety of NASA application domains . RIACS also sponsors a prestigious and competitive Summer Student Research Program , to encourage collaboration between student researchers from universities across the country and NASA-Ames scientists.
    Research projects are regularly reviewed by an eminent Science Council
    Autonomous Systems
    Deep space exploration requires significant advances in artificial intelligence to support the needed capabilities for autonomous systems. RIACS scientists and visitors have been collaborating with NASA researchers in a number of areas:

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