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         Native Americans West Coast Canadian:     more detail
  1. Between Points Alberni and Renfrew: Notes on West Coast Peoples (Canadian Museum of Civilization Mercury Series) by E. Y. Arima, Denis St. Claire, et all 1992-01
  2. The Origin of the Wolf Ritual: The Whaling Indians, West Coast Legends and Stories: The Sapir-Thomas Nootka Texts (Mercury Series, Ethnology) by Sa:ya:ch'apis, To:tisim, 2007-08-30
  3. The Whaling Indians, West Coast Legends and Stories: Tales of Extraordinary Experience, Sapir-Thomas Nootka Texts (Mercury Series) by Edward Sapir, 2000
  4. Family Origin Histories: The Whaling Indians, West Coast Legends and Stories (Mercury Series Ethnology)
  5. Plateau Indians (Native America) by Craig A. Doherty, Katherine M. Doherty, 2008-05-30

61. Theories Of West Coast Ethnic Relations
The americans had already experienced economic competition with ethnic antagonismson the west coast became wide the numerical superiority of native peoples and

62. Native North Americans: The Major Groups
Along the coast they supplemented their food with fish and Generally, though, theNative americans were peaceful. This area was to the west of the Great Plains
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Native North Americans
The Major Groups
Most Anthropologists group Native North Americans into eight major groups. These groups are according to the type of lifestyle the natives had. Lifestyle depended largely on the type and amount of food available, and how easily people could move around. The size of individual groups within each area was limited by the amount of food available and the ability to store food. Sub arctic Hunters and Fishers This group includes all of Canada, except the Northwest coast and Arctic region, and extends south to the Great Plains. It only extended a little way into the present day United States. This is a very wet region in summer, and covered in snow in winter. Natives had to use canoes, toboggans and snowshoes to move around. Life was very difficult. Food was plentiful, with protein being the biggest part of the diet. Large herds of caribou migrated through the area every year. Fish, bear, moose and deer were also good sources of food.

63. Compact Histories
An ongoing web project that aims to provide extensive histories of all major tribes of native americans.Category Society Ethnicity native americans History...... sat astride several important eastwest trade routes the Mohawk Trail, which linkednative americans in the interior with those on the Atlantic coast.
First Nations Histories
(Revised 10.4.02)
Acolapissa Algonkin Bayougoula ... Winnebago
First Nations Search Tool
Geographic Overview of First Nations Histories
Compact Histories Bibliography
Location List of the Native Tribes of the US and Canada
There is a small graphic logo available on this page
for anyone wishing to use it for the purposes of
linking back to the First Nations
Compact Histories. Please Note: These Compact Histories are presented here to provide information to those interested in learning more about the First Nations. They are NOT here to provide spoon fed information for "school reports." Accordingly we are not interested in any questions asking for help in completing your school assignment. As to those who question our credibility, you may take us or leave us. These Histories were written and assembled as a labor-of-love. Take them or leave them, period. Abenaki Native Americans have occupied northern New England for at least 10,000 years. There is no proof these ancient residents were ancestors of the Abenaki, but there is no reason to think they were not. Acolapissa The mild climate of the lower Mississippi required little clothing. Acolapissa men limited themselves pretty much to a breechcloth, women a short skirt, and children ran nude until puberty. With so little clothing with which to adorn themselves, the Acolapissa were fond of decorating their entire bodies with tattoos. In cold weather a buffalo robe or feathered cloak was added for warmth.

64. 1995 WhaleNet Archive: Case Study: WHALES AND WEST-COAST NATIVES
For the west coast natives, pelagic sealing was to US government forbade sealingby americans and the On Vancouver Island, native crews continued sealing on
Michael Williamson
Mon, 10 Aug 1995 20:56:46 WHE_WILLIAM@FLO.ORG 01HTX6JYXZOW8ZDYZJ@VMSVAX.SIMMONS.EDU WHE_WILLIAM@FLO.ORG ... rbaird@SOL.UVIC.CA From: Subject: Native Whaling X-To: MARMAM@UVVM.BITNET =====================_808074147==_ Content-Type: text/plain; charset="us-ascii" Content-Disposition: attachment; filename="JOAN" To marmam...the following is the text of an article I prepared for the Victoria Times-Colonist. It is based on the established authorities on native whaling an d some additional research of my own. I will be glad to furnish references upon request. Joan Goddard E-mail

65. The Nuchatlaht At Oclucje On The West Coast Of Vancouver Island, British Columbi
homes, it is the same as when native people were to animal pelts, from fish to ‘WestCoast’ art the minds and actions of white North americans is basically
Welcome to the the Community of Nuchatlaht at Oclucje on the west coast of Vancouver Island BC Canada   Home   Charlie Mickey   Declaration Mike Krebs   Nuchatlaht   Photos   Quotations   Treaty The War against Afghanistan and Indigenous People
By Mike Krebs About a year ago, I went to an event that featured two people, one Palestinian and one Israeli, who were both speaking about the continued occupation of Palestine. I remember that they displayed a map of the West Bank on an overhead projector, and were showing how the Palestinian land is divided up by numerous Israeli highways and settlements. They showed how Palestinian cities and towns were totally separated from one another, and explained how, for Palestinians, traveling between cities is very restricted at the best of times, impossible at the worst. As I looked at this map, I was reminded of the maps I have showing the traditional territory of the Blackfoot, and how that land looks today, carved up by white settlement into a number of reservations. The Israeli Military checkpoints set up throughout the West Bank, where Palestinians are routinely harassed, also reminded me of the old ‘pass system,’ which came into being about ten years after the Blackfoot signed Treaty 7 with the Canadian government. Under this system, Blackfoot people needed to obtain a permit from a white Indian agent to leave their reservation. The person who obtained the ‘pass’ had to state the purpose of their trip and return within a specified time. Those who left their reservation without a permit or did not return before the permit expired were arrested or forced to work for the Indian agent without pay. The days of the Canadian ‘pass system’ are now over, but its use as a tool of colonization lives on in the West Bank.

66. Government-sponsored Native American Sites And Programs
Telecommunications Technology and native americans; Opportunities and Challenges Listingsof native Networks http//www.oise souls on the west coast of Hudson
Government-sponsored Native American Agencies Four Key Reports on Native Telecommunications
Native Technologies, Media, and Collaborative Networks

Community Technology Access Centers

Native American Research Sites
Native American Higher Education Sites

67. Wholesale Products And Drop Shipping Information! Arts Visual Arts Native And Tr
Society Ethnicity Indigenous People native americans Art (56 Artist New Mexico Ethnic native Art by Raven Hunter - west coast native Art - Dwayne Rauser
Wholesale Products and Drop Shipping Information!
Top Catalog Web Catalog My Account ... Checkout Categories * NEW AND HOT! *
Blown Glass


Porcelain Hinged Boxes

What's New?
Blown Glass - Lady

Quick Find
Use keywords to find the product you are looking for.
Advanced Search
Information Web Catalog
Drop Shipping Information
Privacy Notice Conditions of Use ... Contact Us Web Catalog Top Arts See also:

68. Fashion At Native Online
With west coast native Designs. Nine west. The introduction of new clothing designs,products and materials were all fascinating to native americans and they
Native Designers of the Cloth TOC Legends is the reality of He-mi-ka-las, Pamela Baker, a native artist/designer from North Vancouver, B.C. He-mi-ki-las's expression of her culture, through visual arts have found it's place in the vibrantly creative world of fashion designs and for which she has been recognized throughout North America. TOC Legends: Touch of Culture
Native Clothing

210 Whonoak Road
North Vancouver, BC V7P 1P3
Tel: (604) 980-2443
Fax: (604) 983-2446
Web Site: GARY OKER is a Canadian Native Fashion Designer who incorporates SYMBOLS of Native culture into his designs. The designs are inspired by earth, animals, water and air. To continue his evolutionary visions of connecting the past to the present, he searches for symbolic knowledge and applies these insights to his life's work.
Spirit Keeper Fashion and Design
First Nations Contemporary and Traditional Clothing

Box 1657
Squamish, BC V0N 3G0

69. The Caretaker - Links
and traditional varieties grown by native americans, Mennonites and University ofHawaii; Missouri native Plant Society of British Columbia (west coast of Canada
Links Page 1 Plants Wildlife Habitat Forestry ... The Caretaker class Online Community Graduates of the Caretaker class may join this online community. Plants
(For more Plant links visit the Tracker Trail Nature links page
  • North American Native Plant Society - "Dedicated to the study, conservation, cultivation and restoration of native plants. Join us in our celebration of the unique botanical heritage of North America." Wildflower Magazine - "We are dedicated to the study, conservation, cultivation and restoration of North America's native flora from the Panama Canal to the North Pole.
    Wildflower is the only magazine that exclusively features the native flora of North America and is in its 17th year of continual publishing.
    Wildflower explores the art, science and literature of our botanical heritage from the tropical rain forests of Panama to the mosses and lichens of the Arctic tundra.
    In each 52 page quarterly issue, Wildflower features the conservation, restoration and cultivation of North America's native plants.
    Wildflower believes that understanding and conservation of nature begins in our own homes, gardens and community.

70. Henry Hudson, The Half Moon, And The Exploration Of The Hudson River Valley
cold off the coast of Norway, Hudson turned west and headed They fished and tradedwith the native americans, and then continued along the coast south to
HRMM HOME Lighthouses Rondout Steamboats ... Robert Fulton Henry Hudson Links Henry Hudson's Voyages of Exploration Native Americans
in the Hudson Valley
the Hudson Valley

Half Moon Manual for Historic Interpretation Half Moon News Rate this Page
Henry Hudson and Early Hudson River History
Henry Hudson was already a famous explorer of Arctic waters when in 1608 he was hired by the Dutch East India Company to find a Northeast, all-water route to Asia. The Dutch East India Company had a monopoly on trade with the Orient and which wanted to shorten the lengthy and expensive voyage around the Cape of Good Hope. They provided him with an 80-ton ship, the Half Moon, and a crew consisting of 20 Dutch and English sailors. The original Half Moon (Halve Maen was commissioned on March 25, 1609, for the Dutch East India Company. She was a ship of exploration designed to take a crew of twenty into unknown and uncharted waters. The Half Moon sailed out of Amsterdam on April 4 or 6, 1609 heading northeast along the coast of Norway. After encountering ice and cold off the coast of Norway, Hudson turned west and headed for warmer weather. Hudson first landed on the coast of Maine where members of the crew went ashore and cut timber to replace the mast of the Half Moon.

71. Cowboys & Indians Magazine: Totems Of The Northwest Coast
16, twoand-one-half miles west of Terrace coast Discovery Inn has two poles carvedby Street) to Tillicum Village, where native americans present traditional
Featured Stories For Love of Boots Totems of the Northwest Coast On the Trail:
Durango, CO.
Round the Table:
The Fort
... CD Barrel Online Exclusive Where the Buffalo Roam Text and photographs by Francis E. Caldwell
Tlingit cedar plank house and totems,
Totem Bight State Park, Ketchikan, Alaska The Northwest's wild, stormy, rain-drenched coastal inlets provide the setting for one of the world's unique art forms To the Natives of the Northwest Coast, cedar is considered a gift from the Great Spirit. They made clothing and blankets of its inner bark, split huge slabs for houses, built dugout canoes as long as 55 feet in length, and they carved totems. Many carvers have deep spiritual feelings about their craft and the trees used to carve totems. They consider killing a tree that's 600 years old something that shouldn't be taken lightly. The cedar tree is like a living relative. It has a heart, lungs (boughs), feet, and is nourished by the sun, rain, and Mother Earth, the same as the People. Before Native carvers cut a cedar, they might talk to it, and explain why it's necessary for it to die. Then they might explain how fortunate it is to become a representative of the Native culture, the People. And they might pray before picking up their tools, that the tree's spirit will guide their hands.

72. Erik Poole -- West Coast Salmon Wars
Canada article entitled Our Home and native Fish by What specific economic circumstancesdrove west coast fishers to Clark lash out at the americans and the
Erik Poole's home page Other interests page Pacific Salmon
    There is nothing more wonderous than Pacific salmon who return to their natal streams in just about every season of the year. A highly coveted common property-type fishery, Pacific coast salmon fisheries evoke strong passions and feelings among "salmon interests". The following short essays written by Erik Poole, Terry Glavin and Gunnar Knapp cover some of the history and political-economy of salmon as well as the events of the tumultuous 1998 to 1999 period.
Native Salmon Power on the West Coast of Canada B.C. First Nations want more salmon and more control over salmon management. So far the news is good for salmon conservation. The Shuswap Nation was one of the driving forces behind the much lauded and gutsy coho recovery plan announced in late spring 1998 by then federal fisheries minister David Anderson. For the background story and an optomistic view of the future, see the Outdoor Canada article entitled "Our Home and Native Fish" by Erik Poole B.C. Salmon War Against Everybody

73. Wild_West_Links
to Trick Roping Legends of the Old west Living History Re of the early contact periodon the NW coast. Compares the US treatment of native americans to the UN's
"see the ability, not the disability" You to can help support the Ability Project by: Our Aims ...
Chickasaw Historical Research
- including copies of old letters, documents, treaties, and marriage records.
Eklutna Village Historical Park
- learn about the history, culture, and customs of the Dena'ina Athabascan Indians. When traveling in Alaska, be sure to stop by.
First person histories of the NW Coast
- A collection of first person accounts, taken from journals and ethnographic papers, of the early contact period on the NW Coast. Genocide: also known as Federal Indian Policy - a condemnation of the United States' history of genocidal oppression of indigenous cultures. Compares the US treatment of Native Americans to the UN's criteria for genocide.
Histories of First Nations
- excellent source of information on peoples from the Abenaki to the Winnebago.
History of the Cherokee Indians
- historical text, images, maps, and Native American links.
History of the Northwest Coast, A

Little Known Historical Facts
- the Polly Cooper Story, the Battle of Orinsky, Notes from the Past, and the Two Row Wampum.
Native American Documents Project
- Now includes three sets of documents, among them published reports from 1871, data about allotment, and Rogue River War-Siletz Reservation documents.

74. Native Americans: The Surprising Silents: Cineaste
Ince, was celebrated for his treatment of native americans. Brothers 101 Ranch RealWild west Show camped roles and recreating traditional native American (and
Native Americans:
The Surprising Silents
(Race in Contemporary American Cinema: Part 4)
By Angela Aleiss
Cineaste v21, n3 (Summer, 1995):34 (2 pages). Every decade, Hollywood studios announce that they have 'reinvented' the Native American genre. Finally, studios say, Indians will be portrayed as accurately as possible; they will now play themselves in major roles and their non-Indian antagonists will be seen in a less than positive light. In short, the old saying that the only good Hollywood Indian is a dead Indian will no longer be valid. This line of reasoning contains several faulty assumptions. During the silent era, the many 'reforms' so grandly proclaimed by contemporary filmmakers were commonplace. Unfortunately, these silent Indian-theme films failed to change dominant cultural values, and they could not withstand the demand for the cowboy-and-Indian attacks by the late 1930s in Westerns like The Plainsman Texas Rangers (1937), and Stagecoach (1939). While numerous books have already discussed these silent films, many have not been readily available to scholars, much less the general public. Now that situation has dramatically changed. The Motion Picture, Broadcasting and Recorded Sound Division of the Library of Congress has recently identified more than two hundred fiction and nonfiction films with substantial Native American content.(*) This treasure trove allows us to rethink that early era and to speculate realistically on what later brought about more negative Indian images.

75. Bill's Aboriginal Links: Canada And US
Net Environmental Links west coast Environmental Law Circle Natural Resources NativeAmericans and the Strategy on Biodiversity canadian Environmental Law
Canadian Links
US Links
Canadian Links
Assembly of First Nations First Nations Web Site
First Nations Online
Resources for Indian Schools: First Nations of Canada ...
Henderson's Annotated Indian Act
(180 K)
Indian Act

Treaty of 1693
Nisga'a Treaty AIP (264K)
and (Highlights)
Map of Proposed Nisga'a Lands

BC Treaty Commission Act

BC Treaty Commission Web Site
... Summary Report: Social and Economic Impacts of Claims Settlements in BC or (Full Report - 93K) Eco-Thoughts on Aboriginal Land Issues Aboriginal Rights Coalition (BC) Settlers in Support of Indigenous Sovereignty ... BC First Nations also Directory of Bands and Tribal Councils and Other Organizations Neskonlith (Shuswap Nation) Nisga'a (Schoolnet) Ts'ks'aylaxw First Nation ... Ont. MNR Intent to Impose Two ACF Licences (1996) and Negotiations Continue (1998) Ont. Agrees to Co-Management and Funding for Non-Native Commercial Fishers (1998) Concerns About Ont. MNR Fisheries Management AFS Position: Introduction of Fish Species ... The State of Canada's Forest (1997)
Note Chapter on Traditional Ecological Knowledge ( Adobe Format) First Nations Forests National Aboriginal Forestry Association First Nation Forestry Program (Can) Canadian Forests Homepage ... Article: A Futures Market in Constitutional Rights?

76. LSF — The West Coast Salmon Fisheries — 10
drawn from government, industry, labour and native groups At the same time, the Americansare demanding that and coho catches along the west coast of Vancouver
and Workshops
Main Page

Workshop Evaluation

Towards a

Sustainable Future

Cases: Cod Salmon
Cities ...
The West Coast Salmon Fisheries
Sharing the Resource (2) The Americans Ask for More The 1985 Pacific Salmon Treaty was designed to manage the fishery along the Pacific Coast from Oregon to the Yukon River. The document sets catch limits for the United States and Canada and upholds the 1982 Law of the Sea Convention, which gives the right to manage and effectively own fish to the country where the fish spawn. Catch limits for particular species expire and are renegotiated on a regular cycle. Last month [December 1992], as a new round of talks on salmon limits began in Vancouver, sparks flew between American and Canadian negotiators. At the core of the dispute was the American demand for more Fraser River salmon while at the same time placing more of their fish off-limits to Canadians. Ottawa is placing a high priority on what happens in the salmon talks. So high, in fact, that on January 8 [1993] it named Yves Fortier, former Canadian Ambassador to the United Nations, as chief negotiator for the Canadian delegation. . . . It is clear from public statements that Canada is prepared to stand firm. "The Americans are taking an unsupportable position, demanding increases in their catches of Canadian-origin fish and decreases in Canadian catches of United States-origin fish," says John Crosbie, [then] federal Minister of Fisheries and Oceans. "The United States' position wilfully ignore the provisions of the [Treaty]."

77. WEb Link Resources By Subject
Media native americans in the Movies A Bibliography of Line Education Center NorthWest coast art lesson to various North American native artistic traditions
X x wa Library
First Nations Subject Links Table of Contents Archaeology Updated:15-Apr-02 American Indians of the Pacific Northwest (University of Washington) Photographs and text illustrating aspects of life and work on the Northwest Coast and the Plateau
Edward S. Curtis' The North American Indian: Photographic Images
(Northwestern University Library) The digital collection of 2226 illustrations from The North American Indian by Edward S. Curtis.
Index of Native American Resources on the Internet

Aboriginal Issues in Archaeology Bibliography
Dr. David Pokotylo (UBC. Dept. of Anthropology and Sociology)
of artifacts and human remains, includes First Nations perspectives on repatriation, as well as, legislation and institutional policy statements.
Archaeological Associations

(Arizona State University - Archaeological Research Institute) Arts Updated: 21-Mar-03
Writers Performance Arts Visual Arts ... Education Media
Native Americans in the Movies: A Bibliography of Materials in the UC Berkeley Library

(U. of Iowa, Department of Communication Studies)

78. Native American Inventions
The totem poles of the Northwest coast tribes were who move across the sky from westto east and arrows were not invented by native americans, however, they
zfp=-1 About Homework Help Inventors Search in this topic on About on the Web in Products Web Hosting
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Native American Inventions By Mary Bellis Totem Pole
West Coast First Peoples consider that the first totem pole was a gift from Raven. It was named Kalakuyuwish, "the pole that holds up the sky."
Totem Pole

From the Royal British Columbia Museum photos and short essays on different B.C. located totem poles.
Wakiash and the First Totem Pole
The totem poles of the Northwest Coast tribes were actually family crests rather than religious icons, denoting the owner's legendary descent from an animal such as the bear, raven, wolf, salmon, or killer whale. The First Totem Pole Written by Rosa Bell - folklore. Totem Poles and Native Sites Totem poles in-depth. How to tell a fake from the real thing. How to read the stories they tell.

79. CBC News - Indepth Salmon War
along with representatives from 24 US native tribes. For decades Canadians and Americanshave argued over who lucrative fish in the waters off the west coast.

80. Discovery/people&places
The Haida information on one of our west coast native peoples. nativeAmericans of the Northwest coast their history and culture.
People and Places !
Statistics Canada
- facts and figures about Canada and a quiz too! The Canadian Museum of Civilisation has fascinating exhibits about Canada.
The BC Archives Amazing Time Machine
will whisk you back into BC's past!
Famous Canadians!
find out more about the people who make our country special More Famous Canadians! Canadian Scientists The Canadian War Museum Kid's Page lots to see and do at this fascinating site Canada at War a colouring book from the Canadian War Museum Armoured Warrior - a game for intermediates
Introduction to Voyageurs
- a great beginning site for the history of New France Zoom in on Explorers of Canada - Enchanted Learning's Explorer site The Virtual Museum of New France - even more Explorers of Canada Gander Academy's Explorer Site - lots of information on European Explorers Explorers of Canada - a site made by elementary school students in Smithers BC Martin Frobisher - check out this great explorer Empire of the Bay - The story of the Hudson's Bay Company Native Watercraft learn all about aboriginal boats from long ago The Haida - information on one of our West Coast native peoples Learn about the Haida at the Virtual Museum of Canada Native Americans of the Northwest Coast their history and culture
The Inuit
their history and culture Canadian Arctic Profiles great information about Arctic - maps and pictures too!

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