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         Tunisia History:     more books (100)
  1. A History of Modern Tunisia by Kenneth Perkins, 2004-12-27
  2. Exit Rommel: The Tunisian Campaign, 1942-43 (Stackpole Military History) by Bruce Allen Watson, 2006-12-30
  3. Mediterranean Winter: The Pleasures of History and Landscape in Tunisia, Sicily, Dalmatia, and Greece by Robert D. Kaplan, 2004-02-03
  4. Stambeli: Music, Trance, and Alterity in Tunisia (Chicago Studies in Ethnomusicology) by Richard C. Jankowsky, 2010-12-15
  5. The birds of Tunisia; being a history of the birds found in the regency of Tunis by Joseph Isaac Spadafora Whitaker, 2010-05-13
  6. Charles Nicolle, Pasteur's Imperial Missionary: Typhus and Tunisia (Rochester Studies in Medical History) by Kim Pelis, 2006-04-10
  7. Ancient Tunisia: History of Punic-Era Tunisia, History of Roman-Era Tunisia, Early History of Tunisia, History of Ancient Tunisia
  8. Tunisia: Stability and Reform in the Modern Maghreb (The Contemporary Middle East) by Christopher Alexander, 2010-04-02
  9. Mediterraneans: North Africa and Europe in an Age of Migration, c. 1800-1900 (California World History Library) by Julia A. Clancy-Smith, 2010-11-04
  10. Tunisia- Culture Smart!: the essential guide to customs & culture by Gerald Zarr, 2009-03-24
  11. Change in Tunisia
  12. Tunisia, from protectorate to republic by Dwight L Ling, 2000
  13. Tremila anni di storia in Tunisia (Italian Edition) by Giancarlo Pizzi, 1996
  14. Medicine and Power in Tunisia, 1780-1900 (Cambridge Middle East Library) by Nancy Elizabeth Gallagher, 2002-07-25

1. Tunisia History
Ben Ali and accession of the opposition to Parliament, for the first time in the history of independent Tunisia.
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A BRIEF HISTORY T I A t the time of his fall from power in November 1987, Bourguiba had been in control for 30 years, at first through elections to the single party, and after 1975 as President-for-Life. Following a pronouncement by his own team of doctors that Bourguiba was no longer of sound mind, Prime Minister Zine El Abidine Ben Ali assumed the presidency unopposed. Tunisia has played host to the leadership and many of the fighters of the Palestine Liberation Organisation since their enforced departure from the Lebanon following the Israeli invasion in 1982. An important foreign policy development occurred in February 1989 with the formation of the Union of the Arab Maghreb, conceived as a political and economic bloc in north Africa, in response to the EC in Europe, and comprising Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Mauritania and Tunisia. As President Ben Ali consolidated his position, the Government introduced economic reforms to complement the political liberalisation process. T unisia has watched developments in neighbouring Algeria with increasing concern, but the thwarting of the fundamentalists by the Algerian government has been followed by an improvement in relations. Tunisia has its own influential Islamic movement

2. History
Yellow Pages. History. tunisia history (PDF 113 kb)

3. Tunisia
Tunisia Culture. tunisia history. Tunisia Economy. Tunisia Currency

4. History
History Sierra Leone History Somalia History South Africa History Sudan History SwazilandHistory Tanzania History Togo History tunisia history Uganda History

5. Lonely Planet World Guide | Destination Tunisia | History
tunisia history. Tunisia may be the smallest country in North Africa,but its strategic position has ensured it an eventful history.
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Tunisia may be the smallest country in North Africa, but its strategic position has ensured it an eventful history. The Phoenicians, Romans, Vandals, Byzantines, Arabs, Ottomans and French have all picked at the region at one point. The earliest humans to set foot here were probably a group of Homo erectus who stumbled onto the place a few hundred thousand years ago as they joined north-west across the Sahara from East Africa. It's believed that in those days what is now arid desert was covered in forest, scrub and savanna grasses, much like the plains of Kenya and Tanzania today. The earliest hard evidence of human inhabitation was unearthed near the southern oasis town of Kebili and dates back about 200,000 years. The Tunisian territory became Roman property after the war. The emperor Augustus refounded Carthage as a Roman city in 44 BC, naming it the capital of Africa Proconsularis, Rome's African holdings. Agriculture became all-important, and by the 1st century AD, the wheat-growing plains of Tunisia were supplying over 60% of the empire's requirements. The Romans went on to found cities and colonies across Tunisia's plains and coastline; today, they're Tunisia's principal tourist attractions. By the beginning of the 5th century, with Rome's power in terminal decline, the Vandals decided the area was ripe for plucking. Within 10 years, they'd taken Carthage as their capital and began to, well, vandalise. Their exploitative policies alienated them from the native Berber population, who in turn formed small kingdoms and began raiding the Vandal settlements. The Byzantines of Constantinople, who pulled the territory from the Vandals in 533 and kept it for the next 150 years, fared no better.

6. Tunisia History
Tunisia. History. Tunisia may be the smallest country in North Africa, but its strategic position has ensured it an
814 BC
Foundation of Carthage by Phoenician settlers led by Queen Dido.
264 BC to 146 BC
The Punic Wars Three wars with Rome, including elephant-mounted expedition by Hannibal across the Alps (218-202 BC,) end with the defeat of Carthage.
146 BC-439
Establishment of the first Roman Colony, Africa, and its attachment to the Roman Empire.
Takeover of Carthage by the Vandals.
Takeover of Carthage by the Byzantines.
Advent of the Arab-Islamic period.
Foundation of Kairouan by Oqba lbn Nafaa (670), and takeover of Carthage by the Arabs (698).
Expansion of Islam and establishment of the Aghlabid Dynasty. (Construction of the Zitouna Mosque in Tunis). Fatimid and Zirides dynasties. Foundation of Mahdia (921).

7. Tunisia: History
tunisia history. INTRODUCTION 1. Political situation 2. Economy 3.Health Education 4. Religions Peoples 5. History, Traces of
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Click to open Encyclopaedia of the Orient on its front page

Tunisia: History


Political situation


Traces of hominids as far back in time as 1 million years. 50,000 years ago Homo Sapiens were dominating in North Africa. 10,000 years ago it is believed that a people now referred to as proto-Hamites arrived, coming from western Asia. This people is believed to have spoken a language close to the language of ancient Egypt. Around Tunisia, people were living in caves, and survived from hunting and gathering.
Around 2000 BCE: Introduction of metals from Sicily, and with this Tunisia entered the Bronze Age.
1100 BCE: The first arrival of Phoenicians in Tunisia. They founded trading posts, which would aid them in trading in the Mediterranean market, stretching from the Levant to Spain.
814 BCE: Carthage is founded by Phoenician traders. The cultures around Carthage were relatively primitive, and offered little threat to the colonists. The Phoenicians established more trading posts, like Bizerte , Utica and Sousse 7th century BCE: Arrival of Greek traders, who represented a serious threat to the Phoenicians and their position in the Mediterranean basin. This had as a result that the independent Phoenician cities in Tunisia joined forces, and Carthage became the leader among them.

8. Tunisia History
From Phoenician settlements begun in about 1000 BC, including Carthage, the regionknown today as Tunisia has figured in Mediterranean history ever since.
BASIC INFO. GEOGRAPHY GOVERNMENT ... TUNISIA From Phoenician settlements begun in about 1000 BC, including Carthage, the region known today as Tunisia has figured in Mediterranean history ever since. The Romans, followed by the Vandals and the Byzantines, all desired Tunisia. Islam spread here in the seventh century and led to the country's emergence as an important Islamic center. In 1574, the Ottomans made Tunisia part of their empire, ruling from Constantinople. Tunisia became French protectorate in 1881 and by the 20th century, nationalist movements began to surface. Their activities subsided during World War II, when Allied and Axis powers fought here, but resumed after the war. By the 1950s, it was clear that French control was coming to an end and independence was declared in 1956. Habib Bourguiba's New Constitution party took control of the government in 1957; he himself was named president for life in 1959. He was overthrown, however, in 1987. The stability of Tunisia has been challenged by radical Islamic groups in Tunisia and Algeria.

9. - Tunisia History
Tunisia was settled by the Phoenicians in the twelfth century BC By the sixthand fifth centuries BC, the great citystate of Carthage (derived from the

10. Books On Tunisia History
Tunisia. Books on African History. Related Books. History Index AfricaAfrican Art African Travel African Music Algeria Congo Kenya
Tunisia Books on African History
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Magazines History Magazines
Best Sellers Resources Got Spam? Browse Powells History Books States and Women's Rights: The Making of Postcolonial Tunisia, Algeria, and Morocco by Mounira M. Charrad (Hardcover) Meeting the Fox: The Allied Invasion of Africa, from Operation Torch to Kasserine Pass to Victory in Tunisia by Orr Kelly (Author) (Hardcover) Kasserine Pass by Martin Blumenson (Paperback - September 2000) Behind Closed Doors: Women's Oral Narratives in Tunis by Monia Hejaiej (Paperback - September 1996) Medicine and Power in Tunisia, 1780-1900 by Nancy Elizabeth Gallagher (Author) (Paperback - August 2002) Between Mussolini and Hitler: The Jews and the Italian Authorities in France and Tunisia (Tauber Institute for the Study of European Jewry Series) by Daniel Carpi (Paperback - June 2002) Liberalization Against Democracy: The Local Politics of Economic Reform in Tunisia (Middle East Studies) by Stephen J. King (Hardcover - May 2003) Callista: A Tale of the Third Century by John Henry Newman, Alan G. Hill (Introduction)

11. Tunisia-History
TunisiaHistory. Home Up. History, Leptiminus Archaeological Project (Lamta, Tunis).tunisia history - from the days of Carthage to modern times. tunisia history.
General Info Art Culture Arab Diaspora ... Yemen Tunisia-History Home
History Leptiminus Archaeological Project (Lamta, Tunis) Tunisia History - from the days of Carthage to modern times. Ancient Voices Speak Again in Carthage - account of the excavation of a cemetery in Carthage. Battle of Trasimeno - Borrough of Tuoro sul Trasimeno - The Sites of the Battle - follow the trail of the sites of the battle. Classic Battle Joined - Military History Feature article on the classic conflict between Hannibal and Rome. Hannibal and the Second Punic War - information on Hannibal, his battles, his triumphs, and his losses. HWC - The Punic Wars - from a history of western civilization course at Boise State University. Polybius: Rome at the End of the Punic Wars - from the Ancient History Sourcebook. Punic and Macedonian Wars - brief outlines of these two Roman campaigns. Punic wars - from the encyclopaedia of the Orient. Ralegh and the Punic Wars - Sir Walter Ralegh's version of the Punic Wars from his "The History of the World."

12. Tunisia
tunisia history, Policy, The Casbah. Last Spring, Heartland Internationalbegan an NGO Capacity Building project in Tunisia. You
Tunisia: History, Policy, The Casbah L ast Spring, Heartland International began a n NGO Capacity Building pro ject in Tunisia You are invited to join Heartland International when it returns this Spring for a follow-up program. The focus of Heartland International’s work will be on strengthening citizen participation in democratic development. Beginning in the capital city, Tunis, the Heartland International team met with numerous NGO leaders throughout the country. Some of the NGOs that the team met with include: the Arab Institute for Human Rights, Association Tunisienne des Femmes Democrates, UNESCO Club of Gafsa, Foundation El Kef pour le Developpement Regional, Association de Sauvegarde de l’Oasis de Chenini, to name only a few. The team traveled south from Tunis to the edge of the Sahara Desert, encountering scenes from Star Wars at Matmata, the Roman ruins at Dougga, the Roman colosseum in El-Jem and, of course, what remains today of Carthage. Some facts about Tunisia….

13. Tunisia: History
encyclopediaEncyclopedia—tunisia history. Early History. The coast ofTunisia was settled in 10th cent. BC by Phoenicians. In the 6th cent.

Early History
The coast of Tunisia was settled in 10th cent. B.C. by Phoenicians. In the 6th cent. B.C. Carthage rose to power, but it was conquered by Rome (2d cent. B.C. ), and the region became one of the granaries of Rome. It was held by Vandals (5th cent. A.D. ) and Byzantines (6th cent.). In the 7th cent. it was conquered by Arabs, who founded Al Qayrawan . The region became known as Ifriqiya and the Berber population was converted to Islam. Successive Muslim dynasties ruled, interrupted by Berber rebellions. The reigns of the Aghlabids (9th cent.) and of the Zirids (from 972), Berber followers of the Fatimids, were especially prosperous. When the Zirids angered the Fatimids in Cairo (1050), the latter ravaged Tunisia. Barbary States ). The Hussein dynasty of beys, established in 1705, lasted until 1957.
European Influence and Nationalist Aspirations
In the 19th cent. the heavy debts that the beys had contracted gave European powers cause for intervention. France, Great Britain, and Italy took over Tunisia's finances in 1869. A number of incidents, including attacks by Tunisians on Algeria (a French possession since 1830), led to a French invasion of Tunisia. The bey was forced to sign the treaties of Bardo (1881) and Mersa (1883), which provided for the organization of a protectorate under a French resident general. The protectorate was opposed by Italy, which had economic interests and a sizable group of nationals in Tunisia. Italy's attitude grew increasingly belligerent, and, in the years immediately preceding World War I, threats of annexation were made.

14. SLAM! Soccer World Cup: Tunisia History
Scoreboard; Gallery; Soccer Talk; History; Past Results; Past Summaries; PastMVPs; Past Attendance; Money; Search; Help. Tunisia's AllTime World Cup Records

  • Semi-finals
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  • Round of 16
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    B C D ...
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    Tunisia's All-Time World Cup Records Argentina 1978 02.06 Mexico 3-1 06.06 Poland 0-1 10.06 W.Germany 0-0 * Finished 13th All-Time Records: GP: 3, W: 1, T: 1, L: 1, GF: 3, GA: 2
    NEXT ROUNDS Round of 16 Quarter-finals Semi-finals
    GROUP A Brazil, Morocco, Norway, Scotland
    GROUP B Austria, Cameroon, Chile, Italy
    GROUP C Denmark, France, Saudi Arabia, South Africa GROUP D Bulgaria, Nigeria, Paraguay, Spain GROUP E Belgium, Holland, Mexico, South Korea GROUP F Germany, Iran, United States, Yugoslavia GROUP G Colombia, England, Romania, Tunisia GROUP H Argentina, Croatia, Jamaica, Japan World Cup SLAM! Soccer ... Netgraphe Inc
  • 15. - Tunisia
    History, tunisia history History of Tunisia country from PreColonialto Post-Colonial and also the very recent history. ArabNet

    16. Tunisia History
    Tunisia Art - Country - History - Islam. history.htm
    shown='n'; st='img'; Tunisia Art Country - History - Islam

    17. Tunisia History
    tunisia history. Welcome to the tunisia history and history site. Comingsoon! submit your on tunisia history!! Top tunisia history for Today.

    18. Tunisian Search Engine – Travel Tunisia, Map Of Tunisia, Hotel In Tunisia, Holi
    Search.For Tunisia flag map news hotel tunisia history culture map flag news hoteltunisia history weather news travel flag hotel Tunisia culture travel
    Search Engine.Search for hotel in Tunisia, tourism in Tunisia, map of Tunisia, travel Tunisia, holiday Tunisia tourism. For information on a map of Tunisia hotel in Tunisia, tourism, holiday, map, travel, Tunisia map, Tunisia holiday, Tunisia hotel, tourism, map, hotel, travel, holiday. To search the world, use Planet Search Search Engine Query Select Country Search Engine Search The World Algeria Argentina Australia Austria Bahamas Bangladesh Barbados Belgium Bolivia Brazil Bulgaria Cameroon Canada Caribbean Chile China Columbia Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt England Estonia Fiji Finland France Germany Ghana Greece Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kenya Korea Kuwait Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Madagascar Malaysia Malta Mexico Monaco Morocco Mozambique Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nicaragua Nigeria Northern Ireland North Korea Norway Pakistan Panama Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Qatar Romania Russia Saudi Arabia Scotland Senegal Singapore Slovakia Slovenia South Africa South Korea Spain Sri Lanka Sweden Switzerland Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Tunisia Turkey Ukraine UK United Arab Emirates Uruguay USA Venezuela Vietnam Wales Yemen Yugoslavia Zambia Zimbabwe Search The World 'Any Country' plus

    19. Nations Online :: Tunisia - Tunis
    History The Leptiminus Archaeological Project Leptiminus was an important port townwhich flourished under Roman rule tunisia history See History Tunisia's
    This page is part of One World - Nations Online
    One World - Nations Online
    Countries and Nations
    keywords: tunisia information, tunisia newspapers, tourist information for tunisia, tunisia tourism, tunisia map Note: Links will open in a new browser window.
    Tunisia ( Tunis ) Country Code: tn
    Flag of Tunisia Background:
    Following independence from France in 1956, President Habib BOURGIUBA established a strict one-party state. He dominated the country for 31 years, repressing Islamic fundamentalism and establishing rights for women unmatched by any other Arab nation. In recent years, Tunisia has taken a moderate, non-aligned stance in its foreign relations. Domestically, it has sought to diffuse rising pressure for a more open political society.
    (Source: CIA - The World Factbook) Tunisia is a member state of the League of Arab States
    border countries: Algeria Libya
    Official Sites of Tunisia
    Gouvernement Tunisien

    The Tunisian Government (French) Capital City: Tunis Maps Political Map of Tunisia Map of North Africa and the Middle East Statistics Institut National de la Statistique Tuisia statistics (French) Tunisia News Akhbar Tunisia News in Arabic Kalima On-line newspaper Kalima (censored in Tunisia), stands up for liberties and human rights

    20. Tunisia Political, Economic Environmental Information News
    about tunisia, tunisia people, tunisia history, tunisia geography, tunisia economy,tunisia government, tunisia tourism, tunisia news, tunisia weather.
    Home Recommend Marweb Bookmark Marweb Marweb Solutions Maghreb Arab Guides Maghreb Algeria Libya Mauritania ... Tunisia Maghreb Arab Search Maghreb Algeria Libya Mauritania ... Tunisia Tunisia , Fr. Tunisie, officially Republic of Tunisia

    In 1957 the country became a republic, with Habib Bourguiba as president. Under Bourguiba, who was elected president-for-life in 1975, Tunisia was a moderate Arab state, following a generally pro-Western foreign policy; support for a negotiated settlement with Israel strained the country's relations with its Arab neighbors, however. Domestically, Bourguiba emphasized modernization and planned economic growth. In 1981 he authorized the legal formation of opposition political parties, indicating a possible shift in the direction of liberal democracy.
    In 1987 Bourguiba was deposed, on grounds of senility, by Gen. Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali. Ben Ali promised continued democratic reform, but he has ruled in an increasingly autocratic fashion and sought to crush Islamic-fundamentalist opposition. Under his regime the economy has seen significant growth as it has moved away from state control. In recent years relations with Libya have improved, and Tunisia joined with its North African neighbors in forming (1989) the Arab Maghreb Union.

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