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         Xhosa Indigenous Peoples Africa:     more detail
  1. Is the Kafir population in Natal alien or aboriginal: A brief inquiry by John Bird, 1890
  2. The House of Phalo: History of the Xhosa People in the Days of Their Independence by J.B. Peires, 2003-10-31
  3. Warrior Chiefs of Southern Africa: Shaka of the Zulu. Moshoeshoe of the Basotho, Mzilikazi of the Matabele, Maqoma of the Xhosa (Heroes & Warriors) by Ian J. Knight, 1995-03
  4. Beachcombers of the African jungle by Jack Sholomir, 1958
  5. Interactive (Umhlangano) management (Global research monograph series) by Jay Nathan, 1998

21. Allexperts South Africa Q&A
as well as the cuisine enjoyed by our Zulu and xhosa people my principal interest,but the cultures and history of South africa`s indigenous peoples are also

Beaded accents are also typical of the indigenous xhosa peoples. Ourwellcrafted doll also plays the music of 'God Bless africa'.

23. NATIVE-L (October 1994): Draft Declaration On Rights Of Indigenous Peoples
had only been in africa since 1652? That was not to mention that they had oppressedthe true indigenous peoples of that land, such as the Zulu, xhosa and San.
Draft Declaration on Rights of Indigenous Peoples
Mon, 26 Sep 1994 21:09:00 PDT
/* Written 6:00 PM Sep 26, 1994 by uninfo in igc:un.dpi */
23 August 1994
Asks Subcommission to Avoid Further Delays
And Additional Destruction of Human Life and Ecosystems
GENEVA, 22 August (UN Information Service) A draft international
declaration proclaiming the rights and unique values of indigenous peoples was
presented this morning to the Subcommission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities.

24. Armoria Patriæ - South Africa (2000)
the “inferior” status of the indigenous peoples under apartheid which covers Centraland Southern africa from the is derived from the xhosa abantu, meaning
South Africa Mzantsi Afrika Afrika Borwa
Suid-Afrika Ningizumu Afrika Afrika Dzonga Afrika Sewula Afrika Tshipembe
Circle of foundation Motto Circle of ascendance Languages/names of South Africa
Arms taken into use on 27 April 2000 and published (Notice 425) in Government Gazette No 21 131 of 28 April 2000. This device is the product of a design studio and is not a work of heraldry. However there is a blazon, which reads: Arms: Or, representations of two San human figures of red ochre, statant respectant, the hands of the innermost arms clasped, with upper arm, inner wrist, waist and knee bands Argent, and a narrow border of red ochre; the shield ensigned of a spear and knobkierie in saltire, Sable. Thereabove a demi-secretary bird displayed Or, charged on the breast with a stylised representation of a protea flower with outer petals Vert, inner petals or and seeded of nine triangles conjoined in three rows, the upper triangle Gules, the second row Vert, Or inverted and Vert, and the third row Vert, Or inverted, Sable, Or inverted and Vert. Above the head of the secretary bird an arc of seven rays facetted Or and Orange, the two outer rays conjoined to the elevated wings.
Upon a riband vert, the motto

25. Xhosa
into the southern africa areas. The indigenous people they met on their migrationswere the Khoisan (Bushmen and Hottentot) peoples. The xhosa culture (and
People Profile The Xhosa Religion: Christianity Population: 6,734,000 (Operation World) Status: 25% African Traditional Religion Location: The Xhosa people are black Africans who are mostly known as cattle herders and live in beehive shaped huts in scattered homesteads ruled by chiefs. They live primarily in the Eastern Cape areas called Ciskei and Transkei. Xhosa are also found all over the Republic of South Africa in various occupations. History: The Xhosa were part of the gradual Bantu migration movement from southern Zaire in various directions to cover most of Africa south of the Sahara. They are descended from a clan of the Nguni. By 1600 the Xhosa people by that name were in the Eastern Cape and from 1705 there were periodic minor clashes with the sparse Boers (Dutch-Afrikaner farmers). As the number of Boers grew and they expanded further north and east from the Cape, clashes increased. As South Africa shifted politically between British and Dutch rule, clashes with the Xhosa grew in magnitude, as with the Zulu in the Natal area farther north. In British South Africa traditional areas of the Xhosa and other peoples were preserved as autonomous territories. These later became administrative districts of the Union of South Africa in 1910. The Union remained part of the British Empire and Commonwealth until after WW II. In the election of 1948, the Afrikaner National socialist party won control, restoring Afrikaner control to South Africa for the first time since the annexation of the Boer Republics by 1879. The Afrikaner government withdrew South Africa from the Commonwealth and imposed the segregation policy called "apartheid" (apart-ness).

26. Holbrook Travel - Country Information - South Africa
and increasingly segregated themselves from indigenous Bantu peoples intermarriageof these diverse peoples produced a ethnic groups are Zulu, xhosa, North Sotho

South Africa is the southernmost country in Africa, bordered on the north by Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, and Swaziland; on the east and south by the Indian Ocean; and on the west by the Atlantic Ocean. Lesotho forms an enclave in the northeastern part of the country. The history of South Africa has been a history of conflict between its peoples. Now, the country faces a new challenge: The challenge to forgive the hatreds and injuries of the past; the challenge to join together to build a new future with freedom and opportunity for all. This new era has so far been remarkably peaceful and has surpassed all expectations. Population The Bantu peoples account for three quarters of the total population. White settlement began in 1652 with the arrival of the Dutch, who gradually spread into the interior as farmers. They developed their own language called Afrikaans, lived isolated lives, and increasingly segregated themselves from indigenous Bantu peoples, whom they encountered in the interior. French Huguenot and German settlers were later absorbed into this group, known as Afrikaners. In the early 1800s, British settlers began to arrive, and Indians came in the late 19th and early 20th century. The majority of Indians were brought as indentured laborers to work on the sugar plantations of Natal. A substantial Portuguese minority developed in the late 20th century. The intermarriage of these diverse peoples produced a large non-white population.

27. Enrico's Perspective One
the European invasions in the late 1800s, indigenous peoples had to Today, no personin South africa lives a full the case of Cape Town is xhosa, and practice
Perspective One: Enrico Pedro Comments on the Music Class Event
Each event in Project Capetown is accompanied by a set of professional perspectives that address the issues raised in the questions at the end of the events. These perspectives are provided by Joanne Herbert, a teacher education professor at the University of Virginia, and Enrico Pedro, a South African graduate student in education also at the University of Virginia.
The Perspective
Clicking an item below will take you to the indicated part of this document, or you can scroll through the questions in order.
  • Question One:
    These students have just crossed social and educational boarders to become part of a new culture, yet their music suggests they maintain a strong center in their tribal culture. Does this seem compatible with or contradictory to the idea of an integrated school?
  • Question Two:
    Integration is still a problem in schools around the world. What do you know about some of the more and less successful efforts to integrate schools in your country?
  • Question Three:
    If you were a music teacher in a Cape Town integrated school, would you encourage the maintenance of tribal singing groups or work to integrate black voices into existing choruses, or both?

28. - South Africa People
Sotho, Swazi, Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, xhosa, Zulu (all descending from the earliestsettlers and the indigenous peoples. workers brought to South africa in the Africa

Democratic Republic of Congo, South africa, Uganda and Future have been translatedto xhosa and are will be held on gender, indigenous peoples, work, literacy

Follow-up Overview

Follow-up Message Board
    CON-NEXUS Online 08
    CONFINTEA Nexus Online: The Electronic
    CONFINTEA Follow-up Bulletin
    8th Issue
    12 March 1999
    Published by UNESCO Institute for Education
REGIONS***NEWS FROM THE REGIONS***NEWS FROM THE AFRICA**** ****BENIN/TOGO On December 15-16, 1998 the UNESCO Office for Benin and Togo together with UIE organized a seminar on the further dissemination of the CONFINTEA documents. The final report is now available from the UNESCO Office Porto Novo ( ****ADULT LEARNING, DEMOCRACY AND CONFLICT RESOLUTION Conflict and war situations in certain African countries lead some organisations to think more and more about conflict resolution in Africa. It is for this reason that Association for World Education decided with assistance of UIE and other local Ugandan associations to hold in Kampala(Uganda, East Africa)a series of meetings on the topic of "conflict resolution in Africa". From 21st to 24th of January an international meeting was held on the the subject. Participants came from Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya, Democratic Republic of Congo, South Africa, Uganda and Denmark. Presentations and discusssions focused on - The role of religious leaders in reconcilation - The role of women in conflict management - The role of youth in conflict resolution - The role of the media in conflict resolution - The role of NGO's and research centers/institutes The meetings activities included also the preparation of a follow-up

30. Hotels & Tours In Eastern Cape
which left the region devastated and the indigenous xhosa speaking peoples underthe a unique insight and perspective into South africa's diverse and
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Province Information: Eastern Cape
Click here to view map Other provinces Eastern Cape Free State Mpumalanga Northern Cape ... Vehicle Hire in South Africa GENERAL
Brief History General Brief History For millennia the southern end of Africa, including what is today known as the Eastern Cape Province, was occupied by small egalitarian groups of aboriginal hunter gatherers whose enduring legacy consists of thousands of beautiful, and often enigmatic, rock paintings and superbly crafted stone implements. Khoikhoi pastoralists, whose legacy lives on in place names like Kieskamma, Kei and Tsitsikamma, also inhabited the area. Then about 2 000 years ago Nguni speaking people who were pastoralists and agriculturists arrived from the north, bringing with them a totally new way of life-farming – into the hunting grounds of the aboriginal people usually known as the San. These early settlers were a major disruption to the traditional hunter-gatherer way of life that began a gradual but far-reaching revolution in the political, economic and social system of the peoples of southern Africa.

31. 1Up Travel > South-africa > Travel & Tourism | Tourist Guide To South-africa
descending from the earliest settlers and the indigenous peoples. which migrated southfrom central africa, settling in of the Zulu and xhosa, occupied most of

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Country Flag ... Featured in Beachcomber Community Guides INTRODUCTION South Africa lies at the southern tip of the continent Africa, with the Indian Ocean on its eastern and southern coasts and the South Atlantic Ocean on its western coast. The country is more than twice as large as France. South Africa is the richest and most highly developed country in sub-Saharan Africa. It occupies only about 4 per cent of the continent's area and has only about 6 per cent of its people. A Short Background After the British seized the Cape of Good Hope area in 1806, many of the Dutch settlers (the Boers) trekked north to found their own republics. The discovery of diamonds (1867) and gold (1886) spurred wealth and immigration and intensified the subjugation of the native inhabitants.

32. Directory On Ecumenism For Southern Africa
1.1 Christianity came to Southern africa with the Portuguese definite effort was madeto evangelise the indigenous peoples. also reached out to the xhosa tribes
Home Email Us Northern Ireland Mixed Marriage Association
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Famiglie Miste/Interconfessionali
DIRECTORY ON ECUMENISM FOR SOUTHERN AFRICA (January 1998) PREAMBLE The Directory on Ecumenism requires that Diocesan Bishops and Episcopal Conferences issue norms of application for Dioceses and Conference territories. This does not mean rewriting the Directory which contains general norms which are universally applicable. However, in the territories covered by the Southern African Catholic Bishops' Conference Catholics form less than 7.2% (2,880,000)of the total population 39,820,000 (1995) which is approximately 70% Christian and in this context it is important that there be special norms for such a situation. (DE # 4,6,30,31) The Post-Synodal Apostolic Exhortation ECCLESIA IN AFRICA of Pope John Paul II quotes Proposition 40 of the Synod: "United to Jesus Christ by their witness in Africa, Catholics are invited to develop an ecumenical dialogue with all their baptised brothers and sisters of other Christian denominations, in order that the unity for which Christ prayed may be achieved, and in order that their service to the peoples of the continent may make the Gospel more credible in the eyes of those who are searching for God." (EA 65) 1. HISTORY OF OUR DIVISIONS IN SOUTHERN AFRICA

33. PetersNet: Bishops Of Southern Africa, Directory On Ecumenism For Southern Afric
Christianity came to southern africa with the Portuguese a definite effort was madeto evangelize the indigenous peoples. also reached out to the xhosa tribes.
PetersNet Document Database from Trinity Communications
Visit PetersNet for access to our complete Catholic search engine. Directory on Ecumenism for Southern Africa Author: Bishops of Southern Africa Title: Directory on Ecumenism for Southern Africa Larger Work: Origins Pages: Catholic News Service, February 26, 1998 Description: The Southern African Catholic Bishops' Conference (South Africa, Swaziland, Botswana, Namibia) approved this faulty directory at their January meeting in Pretoria. PetersNet Editorial Note: This document betrays a serious misunderstanding and misapplication of the Church's norms on intercommunion, and is presented here mainly as an indication of how far local hierarchies can stray at times in response to local pressures. Directory on Ecumenism for Southern Africa In the spirit of the Gospel expressed in the prayer of Jesus "that all may be one" (Jn. 17:14), the search for Christian unity was one of the primary aims of the Second Vatican Council (Decree on Ecumenism, 1). The Secretariat for Promoting Christian Unity issuing from the council then produced the Ecumenical Directory (1967 and 1970) and later drew up the Directory for the Application of the Principles and Norms on Ecumenism (1993). It is in this spirit and quest for Christian unity in the Catholic Church that this Directory on Ecumenism for Southern Africa has been prepared and promulgated by the Southern African Catholic Bishops' Conference. The Directory on Ecumenism requires that diocesan bishops and episcopal conferences issue norms of application for dioceses and conference territories. This does not mean rewriting the directory, which contains general norms which are universally applicable. However, in the territories covered by the Southern African Catholic Bishops' Conference, Catholics form less than 7.2 percent (2,880,000) of the total population 39,820,000 (1995), which is approximately 70 percent Christian, and in this context it is important that there be special norms for such a situation (Directory, 4, 6, 30, 3 1).

34. South Africa History
Bushmen) are among the oldest indigenous peoples of South of European descent inSouth africa, and they Great Fish rivers, where they encountered the xhosa.

35. Armoria Patriæ - Republic Of Transkei
A full list of the indigenous peoples in Transkei can now be both of these branchesof the xhosa people), Thembu by any country outside South africa, and the
iRiphabliki wase Transkei
Republic of Transkei
peoples, languages and history The arms of Transkei, registered by the State Herald in Pretoria and published in the South African Government Gazette on 25 September 1970, may be blazoned: Arms: Per chevron ochre and vert, a chevron dove-tailed between in chief dexter a mealie head and sinister a cogwheel argent, and in base a bull’s head caboshed proper.
Crest: On a mount vert a wicker basket between two aloes proper.
Supporters: Two leopards proper.
Imbumba yamanyama. Arms explained:
The colours are unusual – besides the arms of Transkei and of the University of Transkei , I know of no other instance where ochre is used in heraldry. However, the choice is deliberate and appropriate.
Ochre is the traditional colour of the amaXhosa and is used for marking the face – both for special markings on the face alone or on face and body, and for a general facial cover to protect from the sun.
Ochre is used especially by newly circumcised young men to mark the fact that they have recently passed from boyhood to the status of amadoda (men). For a period following their attendance at circumcision school (during which time he had been known as an

36. South Africa. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001
11 official languages, nine of which are indigenous—Zulu, xhosa, Tswana, Sotho TheSan (Bushmen) are among the oldest indigenous peoples of South africa.
Select Search All All Reference Columbia Encyclopedia World History Encyclopedia World Factbook Columbia Gazetteer American Heritage Coll. Dictionary Roget's Thesauri Roget's II: Thesaurus Roget's Int'l Thesaurus Quotations Bartlett's Quotations Columbia Quotations Simpson's Quotations English Usage Modern Usage American English Fowler's King's English Strunk's Style Mencken's Language Cambridge History The King James Bible Oxford Shakespeare Gray's Anatomy Farmer's Cookbook Post's Etiquette Bulfinch's Mythology Frazer's Golden Bough All Verse Anthologies Dickinson, E. Eliot, T.S. Frost, R. Hopkins, G.M. Keats, J. Lawrence, D.H. Masters, E.L. Sandburg, C. Sassoon, S. Whitman, W. Wordsworth, W. Yeats, W.B. All Nonfiction Harvard Classics American Essays Einstein's Relativity Grant, U.S. Roosevelt, T. Wells's History Presidential Inaugurals All Fiction Shelf of Fiction Ghost Stories Short Stories Shaw, G.B. Stein, G. Stevenson, R.L. Wells, H.G. Reference Columbia Encyclopedia See also: South Africa Factbook PREVIOUS NEXT CONTENTS ... BIBLIOGRAPHIC RECORD The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. South Africa Afrikaans Suid-Afrika

37. Cape Town -- Myth And Folktale
with majors or minors in anthropology, indigenous peoples, classics, history fromthe oral traditions of South africa (particularly xhosa and Zulu and Folktale.html
Kerill O'Neill focuses primarily on Latin literature and language in his teaching and research. He also teaches a cycle of mythology courses. His scholarly work consists of publications and papers on Latin Love Elegy, Greek Tragedy, and Intertextuality. His research interests focus on the influence of erotic magic on Latin love elegy and on the interaction of modern cinema with ancient culture. He is currently completing a book provisionally entitled Songs of the Magic Muse: Erotic Spells and the Discourse of Latin Love Elegy. This is a multidisciplinary program that should be of special interest to students with majors or minors in anthropology, indigenous peoples, classics, history, English, or religion. World Myth and Film (Mr. O'Neill) Crisis and Catharsis: Myth and the Visual Media in South Africa (Mr. O'Neill) Return to Programs CBB Off-Campus Study / 4800 College Station / Bowdoin College / Brunswick ME 04011 Contact CBB Administrator

38. Untitled
and Crisis in early Colonial Society Millenerianism, The xhosa Cattle Killing and historyand which place an emphasis on the indigenous peoples of africa.
HIST 4424 Industrialization and Segregation in South Africa Fall 2002 Dr. Aran MacKinnon, Office: TLC 3220 Tel: O: 836-4554, E-mail: Office hours: TTh 1-2, 3:15-5:15 or by appointment. Lectures: Th, 5:30-8, Pafford 208
Course Description and Learning Outcomes : In this course Students will investigate the history and historiography of South Africa through selected issues in economic, environmental, social, cultural and political developments. The course aims to provide students with the ability to analyze the processes which shaped a society divided by class, gender, ethnicity and race. Students will examine a range or primary and secondary sources and they will also critically evaluate the chronological developments of South African history. Students who successfully complete the course will be able to demonstrate through written assignments and oral presentations their understanding of the course emphasis on the African contributions to the shaping of South African society. The course will follow a loose chronology of South African history from the formation of early African societies through European conquest and white domination to the struggle for liberation and democratization.
This is planned as a seminar format course, supported by lectures. Students

39. FOEover
use of rhythm instruments of indigenous peoples of africa in developing an awarenessof indigenous culture, the southern africa, among Zulu, xhosa,Tswana and
focusing on the use of rhythm instruments of indigenous peoples of Africa
Lorna is an enthusiastic consultant and motivational facilitator specializing in developing an awareness of indigenous culture, the function of ancient belief systems, and the connection with today's communities and societies.
Her professional artistic and teaching career developed at an early age, while growing up in southern Africa, among Zulu, Xhosa,Tswana and Swazi tribal people. Lorna's life experiences and energy are reflected in her multi media creations which include a multitude of collective talents in jewelry design, sculptural and functional clay forms and ritual drums and rattles.
Her work is included in private collections in the united states, Canada, Africa, Japan, Russia, and Europe. Colleges, Galleries, Care giving facilities, Women's associations and Boards of education have invited Lorna to percent workshops , seminars and lectures for educators and staff, students, people with special needs and the public.

40. Cross-Cultural Program: South Africa
distinguishable cultures of South africa indigenous african (primarily theologiesof the southernafrican Bantu peoples. to interact with native xhosa speakers

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Current Cross-cultural Program
South Africa
Cross-cultural semester: Fall 2003 Program Description The group will spend most of its time in Western Cape Province of South Africa- centered in the stunning city of Cape Town, and extending into further regions of South Africa, including the urban centers of Gauteng (Johannesburg and Pretoria), the agricultural regions of the Orange Free State, and the relatively impoverished Wild-Coast region of the Eastern Cape Province. The group will visit tourist attractions including Kruger National Game Park and secluded beach areas, and students will be given the opportunity to explore the region further in small groups. Estimated Cost: on campus tuition, room and board plus $2,000 travel (cost may be adjusted due to changes in currency exchange rates and air fares)

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