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         Bacillary Angiomatosis:     more detail
  1. Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine: Bacillary angiomatosis by Carol A. Turkington, 2002-01-01
  2. Bacillary Angiomatosis: An entry from Gale's <i>Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine, 3rd ed.</i> by Carol Turkington, 2006

Rarely, B. henselae infection may cause a more serious syndrome called bacillaryangiomatosis. bacillary angiomatosis can be lifethreatening.
Michael G. Groves,
DVM, MPH, PhD, DACVPM (Epidemiol),
Professor and Department Head, Department of Epidemiology and Community Health,
School of Veterinary Medicine, Louisiana State University;
Director, Louisiana Veterinary Medical Diagnostic Laboratory, Department of Agriculture, Baton Rouge, Louisiana
CAT SCRATCH DISEASE Cat scratch disease (CSD) is caused by Bartonella henselae, a gram-negative bacterium. As the name suggests, it is carried by cats and is usually associated with catinflicted trauma, e.g., a scratch (in most cases) or a bite. Some 22,000 people reportedly have this disease each year, but its incidence is probably much higher because most cases are, asymptornatic. Clinical CSD in humans typically is characterized by swollen, painful lymph nodes, usually those immediately proximal to the site of inoculation; lowgrade fever, muscle aches, and general malaise are common. In more than 90 per cent of cases the disease is mild and self-limited, and symptoms resolve without treatment within a few weeks to a few months. More severe disease that requires hospitalization does occur. Rarely, B. henselae

82. Bacteria, Non- Gram Stain Clinical Bacteria
specific information, http// Bartonellasp. cause Cat scratch fever, Oroya fever, bacillary angiomatosis, etc.
Clinical bacteria for which the gram stain is not applicable for various reasons. Borrelia sp. " Pathogenesis: Borrelia is transmitted by tick or louse bites. The relapsing-fever borreliae cause recurrent febrile bacteremias separated by remissions during which the borreliae are sequestered in tissues; each resurgence involves a change in cell surface antigens. Lyme disease may have different manifestations at different times; recurrences and late sequelae may appear for many years. The pathogenesis of borrelial diseases is not understood." Borrelia recurrentis (louse borne) and B hermsii and B turicatae (tick borne) cause relapsing fevers: influenza-like febrile diseases that follow a relapsing and remitting course. Myocarditis is a rare sequela. Borrelia burgdorferi , causes Lyme disease, a multisystem, relapsing febrile disease with a rash and manifestations such as arthritis, carditis, and neuritis. "

83. Bartonella
Reported infections Oroya fever and verruga peruana (B. bacilliformis), cat scratchdisease (B. henselae), bacillary angiomatosis (B. henselae, B. quintana
Bartonella Taxa associated with infection - B bacilliformis B clarridgeiae B elizabethae B henselae B quintana B vinsonii arupensis Reported infections - Oroya fever and verruga peruana ( B bacilliformis , cat scratch disease ( B henselae bacill ary angiomatosis ( B henselae B quintana , trench fever (B. quintana), endocarditis ( B elizebethae , bacteraemia ( B vinsonii arupensis Reported susceptibilities and treatments - chloramphenicol or streptomycin B bacilliformis , aminoglycosides, doxytetracycline (cat scratch disease, trench fever, bacillary angiomatosis), ceftriaxone ( B vinsonii arupensis Notes - cat scratch disease is associated also with Afipia felis References - Ellis et al. (1999). An outbreak of acute bartonellosis (Oroya fever) in the Urubamba region of Peru, 1998. Am. J. trop. Med. Hyg - Daly et al. (1993). Rochalimaea elizebethae sp. nov. isolated from a patient with endocarditis. J. clin. Micro Regnery et al. (1992). Serological response to " Rochalimaea henselae " antigen in suspected cat-scratch disease. Lancet - Relman et al. (1990). The agent of bacillary angiomatosis: an approach to the identification of uncultured pathogens. New Eng. J. Med. 323, 1573-1580. - Koeler et al.

84. Medicalseek - Search Engine For The Healthcare Industry
Conditions and DiseasesInfectious DiseasesBacterialbacillary angiomatosisbacillary angiomatosis A comprehensive resource on bacillary angiomatosis
CATEGORIES ADD A LINK ADVERTISE CONTACT US ... Bacterial Bacillary Angiomatosis
Conditions and Diseases:Infectious Diseases:Bacterial:Bacillary Angiomatosis

  • Bacillary angiomatosis
    A comprehensive resource on Bacillary angiomatosis, sometimes called 'cat scratch disease, from AEGIS.
    CFA Health Committee - Cat Scratch Disease (CSD)

    For almost 100 years, cat scratches have been associated with illness in people. Cat Scratch Disease (CSD) is also called Cat Scratch Fever and benign lymphoreticulosis.

85. Bartonella Henselae
Bartonella henselae also is a cause of bacillary angiomatosis, bacteremia,and sepsis in immunocompromised patients. bacillary angiomatosis
MMID Home Page Bugs Index Cases Index
Bartonella henselae
Diseases Sites and Sources Diagnostic Factors Treatment and Prevention ... Commentary
Rochalimea henselae
aerobic, gram- bacteria, rods
Cat scratch disease (cat scratch fever) fever malaise pustule pain lymphadenopathy suppurating lymph nodes
Bacillary epithelioid angiomatosis (immunosuppressed patients) skin nodules fever
Bacillary peliosis hepatis (immunosuppressed patients) fever abdominal pain weight loss malaise hepatic cysts
Bacteremia (immunosuppressed patients) fever headache joint pain
Sites and Sources
animals, source cats, source multiorgan, pathogen children, pathogen immunosuppressed, pathogen
Diagnostic Factors
contact with cats slow growth Warthin-Starry silver stain of lymph nodes
Treatment and Prevention
aspiration of node erythromycin
Virulence Factors
Cat scratch disease is a self-limiting disease, mostly of children. It can be quite unpleasant, however, producing fever and painful lymph nodes which will eventually suppurate if not drained. The cause of cat scratch fever was, for awhile, in dispute, but now most scientists believe that most cases of the disease are caused by Bartonella henselae, although the first organism identified as a cause was Afipia felis. It is now thought that Afipia is only a minor cause. Cat scratch disease is aquired by the scratch of a (usually) kitten, and results in fever, pustules at the scratch site and tender, swollen lymph nodes, that must be drained to prevent their suppuration. Bartonella henselae also is a cause of bacillary angiomatosis, bacteremia, and sepsis in immunocompromised patients. Bacillary angiomatosis presents with lesions that may resemble Kaposi's sarcoma.

86. Bacillary Angiomatosis Website Results :: Linkspider UK
bacillary angiomatosis Websites from the Linkspider UK. bacillary angiomatosisDirectory. Complete Results for bacillary angiomatosis Related Topics.
Bacillary Angiomatosis Websites from Linkspider UK Keyword: Bacillary Angiomatosis Linkspider UK Directory
Bacillary Angiomatosis
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87. SF AIDS Fdn: BETA 10/98 -- Research Notes Part 3
bacillary angiomatosis Despite HAART bacillary angiomatosis (cat scratch disease)is a bacterial infection that affects the skin and internal organs; it is
Published in the Bulletin of Experimental Treatments for AIDS October 1998 issue, by the San Francisco AIDS Foundation.
Part 1:

Top 40 Headlines from the World AIDS Conference
Trial Analysis
Viral Load And DNA Measurement
Immune-Based Therapy
Protease Inhibitor Side Effects
Part 2

Anti-HIV Drugs and Combinations
Part 3:
Salvage Therapies Protease Inhibitor Combinations Opportunistic Infections And HIV-Related Conditions HIV Transmission HIV Prevention October 1998 Table of Contents Main Page
Selected Highlights from the 12th World AIDS Conference Part 3
Harvey S. Bartnof, M.D. SALVAGE THERAPIES Four-Drug Combination Following Indinavir Failure
  • Study included 20 patients in an open-label trial at San Francisco General Hospital All had experienced virologic failure (viral load greater than 2,500 copies/mL after more than 24 weeks treatment) with indinavir combination therapy. A four-drug combination was used twice daily including nelfinavir at 1,250 mg, soft-gel saquinavir at 1,200 mg, abacavir at 300 mg, and either nevirapine at 200 mg or another nucleoside analog (ten in each arm). None had prior therapy with nelfinavir, saquinavir, abacavir, or NNRTIs.

88. Publications
(1992) Phylogenetic relationships among the agent of bacillary angiomatosis,Bartonella bacilliformis and other alphaproteobacteria.
  • Refereed Publications Other Publications Book Chapters, Monographs and Bulletins)
  • With this form you can search for publications by the Schmidt Lab using the Entrez search engine

    Max Docs: Pub. Date limit: 30 Days 60 Days 90 Days 180 Days 1 Year 2 Years 5 Years 10 Years No Limit
    Refereed Publications Klappenbach, J., J.M. Dunbar and T.M. Schmidt (2000) rRNA gene copy number predicts ecological strategies in bacteria. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 66:1328-1333. Leadbetter, J.R., T.M. Schmidt, J.R. Graber and J. A. Breznak (1999) Acetogenesis from H2 plus CO2 by spirochetes from termite guts. Science 283:686-689. Lilburn, T.G., T.M. Schmidt and J.A. Breznak. (1999) Phylogenetic characterization of termit gut spirochetes. Environmental Microbiology. 1:331-346. Maidak, B.L., J.R. Cole, C.T. Parker, G.M. Garrity, N. Larsen, B. Li, T.G. Lilburn, M.J. McCaughery, G.J. Olsen, R. Overbeek, S. Pramanik, T.M. Schmidt, J.M. Tiedje, C.R. Woese (1999) A new version of the RDP (Ribosomal Database Project). Nucleic Acids Research. 27:171-173. Lopez, F.A., J. Manglicmot, T.M. Schmidt, C. Yeh, H.V. Smith, D.A. Relman (1999) Molecular characterization of Cyclospora-like organisms from baboons. Journal of Infectious Diseases. 179:670-676.

    89. Browsing Health Conditions And Diseases Infectious Diseases
    Browse Health Conditions and Diseases Infectious Diseases Bacterialbacillary angiomatosis Top Health Conditions and Diseases

    90. Pacient VIH+ Que Ingressa Per Caquèxia I Síndrome Febril I és Exitus
    An approach to the identification of uncultured pathogens the agentof bacillary angiomatosis. N Engl J Med 1990; 323 157380.
    Servei de Malalties Infeccioses, Hospital de Bellvitge, Universitat de Barcelona, Feixa Llarga sn, 08907 l’Hospitalet, Barcelona Micobacterium tuberculosis complex angiomatosi bacil.lar pulmonar Bartonella henselae i Bartonella quintana Bartonella henselae i Bartonella quintana Bartonella henselae sarcoma de kaposi Paraules claus: VIH, tuberculosi, angiomatosi bacil.lar. Bibliografia
  • Relman DA, Loutit JS, Schmidt TM, Falkow S, Tompkins LS. An approach to the identification of uncultured pathogens: the agent of bacillary angiomatosis. N Engl J Med 1990; 323: 1573-80. Rochalimaea henselae in Immunocompetent Hosts: Implication for Therapy and New Epidemiological Associations. Clin Infect Dis 1992; 14: 683-8. Tappero JW, Mohle-Boetani J, Koehler JE, Swaminathan B, Berger TG, LeBoit PE. The epidemiology of bacillary angiomatosis and bacillary peliosis. JAMA 1993; 269: 770-75. Mohle-Boetani JC, Koehler JE, Berger TG, LeBoit PE, Kemper CA, Tappero JW. Bacillary Angiomatosis and Bacillary Peliosis in Patients Infected with Human Immunodefeciency Virus: Clinical Characteristics in a Case-Control Study. Clin Infect Dis 1996; 22: 794-80.
  • plana principal SCMIMC

    91. SpringerLink: Skeletal Radiology - Abstract Volume 26 Issue 7 (1997) Pp 431-433
    called Rochalimaea henselae, is the causative agent of cat scratch disease (CSD)in immunocompetent subjects and bacillary angiomatosis in immunocompromised
    Skeletal Radiology
    ISSN: 0364-2348 (printed version)
    ISSN: 1432-2161 (electronic version) Table of Contents Abstract Volume 26 Issue 7 (1997) pp 431-433
    Sternal abscess due to Bartonella Rochalimaea henselae in a renal transplant patient
    Abstract Bartonella henselae , previously called Rochalimaea henselae , is the causative agent of cat scratch disease (CSD) in immunocompetent subjects and bacillary angiomatosis in immunocompromised ones. Bone lesions are common in bacillary angiomatosis, but not in CSD. We present the case of a patient with a renal transplant treated by immunosuppressive therapy who developed a sternal abscess with a histological pattern of CSD. The CT pattern was that of a lytic bone lesion with adjacent fluid collection. The diagnosis was made on the basis of a polymerase chain reaction amplification performed on bone material. Bartonella henselae is a newly described bacteria that causes CSD in a normal host and bacillary angiomatosis in immunocompromised patients. We report a case of an osteolytic lesion of the sternum with adjacent fluid collection related to CSD, which occurred in a patient with a renal transplant. Key words Article in PDF-Format Last change: July 2, 1997

    92. SpringerLink: Der Hautarzt - Abstract Volume 46 Issue 1 (1995) Pp 39-43
    Translate this page Bazilläre Angiomatose bacillary angiomatosis. Abstract. bacillary angiomatosis(BA) is a rare infectious disease usually associated with HIV infection.
    Der Hautarzt
    ISSN: 0017-8470 (printed version)
    ISSN: 1432-1173 (electronic version) Table of Contents Abstract Volume 46 Issue 1 (1995) pp 39-43

    Bacillary angiomatosis
    Eingegangen am 9. November 1993 / Angenommen am 19. Januar 1994 Zusammenfassung. Abstract. Bacillary angiomatosis (BA) is a rare infectious disease usually associated with HIV infection. Recent molecular biologic investigations confirm that both Rochalimaea henselae and Rochalimaea quintana can cause BA. The bacteria can be identified by Warthin-Starry staining and electron microscopy. The typical clinical signs are solitary or multiple dermal or subcutaneous nodules. Bone, liver, spleen and other organs may also be involved. We describe the clinical and histological features of a 39-year-old HIV-infected patient with cutaneous and bony lesions of BA. All manifestations of BA disappeared during therapy with erythromycin. Key words: Bacillary angiomatosis - Rochalimaea henselae Rochalimaea quintana - HIV infection - AIDS Korrespondenz an:
    Article not available online Online publication: November 9, 1997

    93. AIDSinfo - Drug Technical - Erythromycin (DRG-0279), Erythromycin, E-Base (base)
    bacillary angiomatosis angiomatosis associated with extensive esophageal polyposisa new mucocutaneous manifestation of acquired immunodeficiency disease (AIDS
    Pharmacology HIV/AIDS-Related Uses Adverse Effects Contraindications ... Trials From the AIDSinfo Drugs Database
    Technical View Non-Technical View New Drug Search
    Generic Name:
    Brand Name:
    E-Base (base)
    E-Mycin (base)
    EES (ethylsuccinate salt)
    Ery-Tab (base)
    ERYC (base)
    EryPed (ethylsuccinate salt) Erythrocin (stearate salt) Ilosone (estolate) Ilotycin (base) (glucepatate salt) PCE Dispertab (base) CAS Number: Therapeutic Classification: Antibacterial Non-HIV/AIDS-Related Uses: Erythromycin is used against infections by (among others): streptococcus pyogenes, Alpha-hemolytic syreptococci, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Hemophilus influenza, Chlamdia trachomatis, Treponema pallidum, Corynebacterium diphtheriae, Entamoeba histolytica, Listeria monocytogenes, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Bordetella pertussis, organism causing Legionnaire's Disease. Drug Description: Erythromycin is a macrolide antibiotic obtained from cultures of streptomyces erythraeus. Pharmacology: Contraindications: Contraindicated in patients with know hypersensitivities to it. Use of erythromycin may result in overgrowth of nonsusceptible organisms including fungi.

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    Serwis Katalog w Wirtualna Polska S.A. pierwszy portal w Polsce.
    Poczta Czat SMS Pomoc -Katalog -Polskie www -¦wiatowe www -Wirtualna Polska -FTP/Pliki -Grupy dyskusyjne -Encyklopedia -Produkty Katalog Katalog ¦wiatowy DMOZ ... Infectious Diseases > Bacterial Fakty o Katalogu Pomoc Regulamin Serwis szukaj ... Ostatnio dodane
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    95., Irish Health Information On in Ireland health information on in Ireland from Vhi Healthcare, the Voluntary Health Board offering health insurance in Ireland and healthcare in Ireland

    96. Clin-Path Associates, P.C. - December 2000 Newsletter
    B. henselae causes cat scratch disease in immunocompetent persons, or bacillaryangiomatosis and peliosis in patients with defective cellular immunity.
    December 2000 Newsletter PSA Consult Volume III No. 10 December 31, 2000
    Clinical Bartonella Syndromes
    • Cutaneous bacillary angiomatosis (BA)
    • Extracutaneous BA
    • Bacillary peliosis hepatis and splenis
    • Cat scratch disease
    • Trench fever
    • Bacteremia and endocarditis
      • - Acute; Oroya fever
      • - Chronic; verruga peruana
      Clinical Features
      The severity and presentation is related to the immune status. In general, classical CSD occurs in otherwise healthy patients, whereas those immunocompromised by AIDS or immunosuppression tend to have systemic disease characterized by bacillary angiomatosis. However, systemic disease has been reported in healthy patients and cat scratch disease in AIDS patients.
      Cat Scratch Disease typically presents clinically as regional lymphadenopathy preceded by an erythematous papule at the inoculation site in 25-95% of patients. These two findings plus positive serology and characteristic histopathologic features are keys to the diagnosis. About two weeks after the scratch, regional lymphadenopathy develops, which lasts two-four weeks and resolves spontaneously. For most patients this is the typical course, but in 1-2% of cases there is prolonged morbidity with persistent fever, expanding suppuration of nodes with rupture through the capsule and extension to the skin. Other complications include Parinauds ocularglandular syndrome, hepatic and splenic abscess, encephalopathy, pneumonia, arthralgia and various skin eruptions.

    97. THE MERCK MANUAL, Sec. 13, Ch. 159, Rickettsial Diseases
    B. quintana rarely causes endocarditis in homeless, urban alcoholic men and bacillaryangiomatosis, bacteremia, and other disseminated infections in AIDS
    This Publication Is Searchable The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy Section 13. Infectious Diseases Chapter 159. Rickettsial Diseases Topics [General] Epidemic Typhus Murine (Endemic) Typhus Scrub Typhus ... Bartonellosis
    Infections caused by Bartonella sp that usually cause an acute febrile anemia, a chronic cutaneous eruption, cat-scratch disease, or disseminated disease in immunocompromised hosts.
    The genus Bartonella, a group of small, weakly-staining, gram-negative bacteria, includes three species of human medical importance. The genus has been expanded recently by the reclassification of organisms formerly in the genus Rochalimaea. The organisms in this genus, B. quintana, B. henselae, and B. bacilliformis, are summarized in Table 159-1. B. quintana, a bacterial infection recognized in soldiers in World War I as the cause of trench fever, has been reported uncommonly and sporadically around the world in subsequent decades (see below B. quintana rarely causes endocarditis in homeless, urban alcoholic men and bacillary angiomatosis, bacteremia, and other disseminated infections in AIDS patients (see Bartonella Infections in Immunocompromised Patients,

    98. Current Papers In Liver Disease - November, 1997
    Molecular epidemiology of Bartonella infections in patients with bacillaryangiomatosispeliosis. New England Journal of Medicine. 3371876-1883.
    Current Papers in Liver Disease - November, 1997
    By Howard J. Worman, M. D.
    Columbia University
    This is a past issue of Current Papers in Liver Disease. Click here for information on Current Papers and the current issue.
    Koehler, J. E., Sanchez, M. A., Garrido, C. S., Whitfeld, M. J., Chen, F. M., Berger, T. G., Rodriguez-Barradas, M. D., LeBoit, P. E., and Tappero, J. W. 1997. Molecular epidemiology of Bartonella infections in patients with bacillary angiomatosis-peliosis. New England Journal of Medicine.
    Peliosis hepatis is an unusual vascular proliferative lesion of the liver and sometimes spleen. It is similar to bacillary angiomatosis which usually involves the skin and bones. These conditions are most often described in patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Both of these lesions are associated with gram-negative bacteria of the genus Bartonella, specifically B. henselae and B. quintana. B. henselae also causes cat scratch disease, an inflammation of the regional lymph nodes after being scratched by a cat, in immunocompetent individuals. In this study, the authors used the polymerase chain reaction to determine the infecting Bartonella species in 49 patients with either bacillary angiomatosis or peliosis hepatis. Of these patients, 53% were infected with B. henselae

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