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61. NHS Direct Online | Self-Help Guide | Insect Bites And Stings
NHS Direct SelfHelp Guide entry on Insect bites and stings includingdescription, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment. Insect bites and stings.
Home About NHS Direct Frequently asked Questions Send us your Enquiry ... Site map Other Links: UK Online Care Direct National electronic Library for Health ... NHS Direct Wales Quick Links Want to find out more about an illness or condition? Not feeling well? Online Enquiry Service Looking for information about the NHS? NHS Direct - self-help guide Insect bites and stings
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At first, insect bites can be mistaken for more serious things. Symptoms If you look very closely you can generally see the small hole of the actual bite. The rash or individual 'spot' is usually itchy and may swell, particularly if it is a bite from a horsefly (clegg). Causes 'Midges', horseflies, bees, wasps, centipedes, ants, lice and so on. The list is long but thankfully there are no killers within the UK. Prevention Insect repellents work. If you think you have lice, ask your pharmacist for advice (see Lice Complications Some people are strongly allergic to bites and stings and can be very ill. If there is any shortness of breath, dial 999. Bites can become infected by scratching. Self care Although itchy and sometimes painful they are rarely dangerous and need only some antihistamine or local anaesthetic cream from your pharmacist. Ask your pharmacist for advice.

62. Bites / Stings
IHC KidsCare™ Online / bites and stings. Bites / Stings.
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63. The Children's Hospital At Westmead - Parents - Bites And Stings
This fact sheet provides information on the basic treatment of venomousbites and stings in Australia. bites and stings. Disclaimer

Common Illness

Common Problems


... Bites and stings
Bites and stings
This fact sheet provides information on the basic treatment of venomous bites and stings in Australia. For more information about how to manage bites and stings contact the: Poisons Information Centre Tel: 13 11 26
Many different types of spiders in Australia bite people. Many bites cause a reaction on the part of the body that is bitten. The only poisonous species known in Australia are the Red Back Spider and the Funnel Web Spider. Red Back Spider A stinging feeling will be followed with swelling and pain.
Basic treatment:
  • wash the area and keep it clean
  • seek medical advice if symptoms occur. Symptoms may include weakness, persistent pain, localised sweating, nausea, vomiting, pale colour.
Funnel Web Spider A bite can be very dangerous, especially to young children. There is usually extreme pain, lots of sweating, nausea and vomiting, difficulty in breathing and muscle twitching.
Basic treatment:
  • apply a very firm bandage around the bite and then bandage the whole limb to slow the flow of venom around the body
  • use a splint to hold the area of the bite still
  • take the person straight to the nearest hospital.

64. Health Library - Insect Bites And Stings And Spider Bites
Insect bites and stings and Spider Bites. Topic Overview. Insect Somepeople have more severe reactions to bites or stings. Infants

65. Injuries -- Discovery Health -- Insect Bites And Stings
insect bites and stings By James Broomfield, MD. An insect bite Insectbites or stings can cause anaphylaxis in some people. This is a
insect bites and stings By James Broomfield, MD An insect bite refers to a puncture wound in the skin caused by an insect when it stings or bites a human. What are the signs and symptoms of the injury? Following are some of the signs and symptoms: itching pain rash redness swelling visible stinger or an attached insect wheezing or difficulty breathing a wound from the bite or sting What are the causes and risks of the injury? Insects are found everywhere, even in cities. The areas of highest risk are those with shrubbery or trees. Cluttered or unclean areas also pose a risk. Insects that are responsible for numerous visits to emergency departments in North America include the following: ants black widow spiders brown recluse spiders bumblebees fleas honeybees hornets lice scorpions tarantulas ticks wasps yellow jackets What can be done to prevent the injury? Insects are the largest population of animals in the world. It is impossible to avoid them completely, but here are some helpful measures: Avoid contact with insect nests and other places where they live.

66. SurvivalIQ Handbook: Survival Skills - Basic Survival Medicine - Bites And Sting
Describes common types of bites and stings encountered in wilderness survival situationsas well as medical treatments., bites and stings.
Home Survival Skills Land Navigation Survival Fitness Contents
1. Introduction

2. Psychology of survival

3. Survival planning and survival kits

4. Basic survival medicine
- Bone and joint injury

- Bites and stings
- Wounds

- Environmental injuries

- Herbal medicines

5. Shelters
... H. Contingency plan of action format
Insects and related pests are hazards in a survival situation. They not only cause irritations, but they are often carriers of diseases that cause severe allergic reactions in some individuals. In many parts of the world you will be exposed to serious, even fatal, diseases not encountered in the United States. Ticks can carry and transmit diseases, such as Rocky Mountain spotted fever common in many parts of the United States. Ticks also transmit the Lyme disease. Mosquitoes may carry malaria, dengue, and many other diseases. Flies can spread disease from contact with infectious sources. They are causes of sleeping sickness, typhoid, cholera, and dysentery. Fleas can transmit plague. Lice can transmit typhus and relapsing fever.

67. About Bites & Stings
A WORD ABOUT bites and stings. bites and stings causing clinically significantreactions in humans occur throughout the world on a regular basis.
The Tarantula's Burrow
@ Home Spiders Scorpions Snakes ... Send FREE ArachnoCard
Bites and stings causing clinically significant reactions in humans occur throughout the world on a regular basis. The vast majority of these are bites by parasitic arthropods, which feed upon blood and cause localized allergic reactions in bitten persons: Such bites are referred to as immunoreactive bites; bed bugs, biting midges, black flies, fleas and mosquitoes are examples of insects that produce immunoreactive bites. Venomous bites and stings are those in which the biting or stinging organism actually injects a toxic cocktail of proteins into the victim, designed in most cases to immobilize, kill and assist in the digestion of prey items. Some venomous organisms, such as the honey bee, sting rays and most venomous fish use their venom primarily as a defensive mechanism.
Immunoreactive Reactions
Two distinct types of immunoreactive reactions occur following bites by parasitic arthropods: The first, and most common type, is known as an

68. First Aid For Bites And Stings By Australian Venomous Creatures
First aid for bites and stings by Australian venomous creatures. Quick guideto first aid for bites and stings by Australian venomous creatures.

69. Bug Bites And Stings
Watch for Honey bee stings are prone to infection. Wasp stings are more likelyto show allergic swelling (see above). See section on infection. Itchy Bites.
Insect Stings and Bites Bee Stings Scenario: The typical beesting occurs when a biker runs into a bee at high speed. The poor critter gets tangled up between the chin strap and face, or in the collar of the biker's shirt. Then it stings. Honey bee on a dandelion. Only honey bees leave a stinger behind. Description:
Bees and wasps inject venom with their stingers. (Only honey bees leave a stinger behind. The poison sacs are still attached to the stinger, and continue to pump venom into the skin after the bee departs.) There will be stinging, swelling, and redness at the sting site. Usually, the symptoms subside after 20 to 30 minutes. Example of a wasp sting, palmar side of the forearm. Note the bright red spot surrounded by a flare of swelling and redness about 1-2 inches across. Concerns:
Allergy to insect stings can be deadly. Symptoms of allergy can include faintness, dizziness, general itching, shortness of breath, or swelling in places away from the sting site. Wasp or "yellow jacket."

70. First Aid For Bites And Stings
First Aid for bites and stings. Animal Bites. Treatment of SuperficialBites. Many bites and stings can be prevented by using common sense.
First Aid for Bites and Stings Animal Bites Treatment of Superficial Bites Treatment of Serious Wounds Insect Stings ... Treatment of Snake Bites Animals and insects do not usually attack unless injured or provoked. Many bites and stings can be prevented by using common sense. For example, take sensible precautions before attempting to rescue a casualty from an angry dog or a swarm of bees. Call help or contact the emergency service, if needed. Insect and marine stings are often minor injuries that can usually be treated with first aid alone. However, animal and human bites always require medical attention, as germs are harboured in the mouths of all animals. Snake bites carry the additional risk of poisoning. In cases of bite wounds, the casualty must be protected from serious infections such as tetanus and rabies.
Animal Bites
Germs are harboured in the mouths of all animals and humans. Bites from sharp, pointed teeth cause deep puncture wounds that carry germs deep into the tissues. Human bites also crush the tissues. Serious wounds require hospital treatment.

71. CCHS Clinical Digital Library
Clinical Resources by Topic Emergency Medicine. bites and stings ClinicalResources. See also bites and stings Patient/Family Resources.
Clinical Resources by Topic: Emergency Medicine
Bites and Stings Clinical Resources
See also:

72. Health Library - Insect Bites And Stings And Spider Bites
Insect bites and stings and Spider Bites. Topic Overview. Insect Somepeople have more severe reactions to bites or stings. Infants

73. Conferences - Poisoning; Venomous Bites And Stings
Professional Edition.

74. Allergies 101: Bites And Stings
People allergic to insect bites or stings generally become sensitive after the firststing, and their immune system reacts to subsequent stings with a massive
Types KidAllergy Quiz Triggers Pollen ... Pet Dander Bites and Stings
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75. The Health Library — Accidents,Poisons,Violence
Insect bites and stings. Insect bites and stingsMEDLINEplus. Insect Bites andStingsMayo Clinic. ScorpionsMerck Manual. Marine Animal bites and stings.
Diseases and Disorders Use these links to jump directly to your topic of interest: Accidents Biological and Chemical Weapons Bites and Stings Child Abuse ... Youth Violence Accidents, Poisons and Violence: Page 1 Page 3 Page 4 Bites and Stings Bites and Stings:MEDLINEplus
Animal Bites
Animal Bites:Mayo Clinic Animal Bite Infections:Hendricks Health System Bites and Scratches:Nemours Foundation Cat and Dog Bites:American Academy of Family Physicians ... Prevention and Treatment of Dog Bites:American Academy of Family Physicians [for Health Professionals]
Insect Bites and Stings
Insect Bites and Stings:MEDLINEplus Insect Bites and Stings:Mayo Clinic Insect Stings:American College of Asthma, Allergy and Immunology Stinging Insect Allergies:MedicineNet ... Scorpions:Merck Manual
Marine Animal Bites and Stings
A Day At The Beach: Marine Dermatology:American Academy of Dermatology Marine Animals:Merck Manual
Snake and Lizard Bites
Snakebite Prevention and First Aid:American Academy of Family Physicians Venomous Critters:University of Arizona Poison and Drug Information Center Snakes of North American:University of Pittsburgh Venomous Snakes:Merck Manual ... Snakebite Protocols:University of California San Diego [for Health Professionals] Venomous Snakebites in the United States: Management Review and Update:American Academy of Family Physicians [for Health Professionals]
Spider Bites
Spider Bites:Mayo Clinic Poisonous Spiders:Sparks Health System Spiders:Merck Manual
Tick Bites
Tick Bites:MEDLINEplus Tickborne Diseases:National Center for Infectious Diseases Tick-Borne Diseases :American Academy of Family Physicians Tick Removal: A Step-by -Step Guide:Nemours Foundation ... Tick-Borne Diseases:American Academy of Family Physicians [for Health Professionals]

76. NIH: Health Information
Home Health Information Browse Health Topics Alphabetically. Insect Bitesand Stings. Resources. NIAID. Up to Top. Look up Insect bites and stings in

77. MPC: Bites And Stings Pamphlet (part 1 Of 2)
bites and stings Pamphlet. Sides 12 Sides 3-4. Sides 1 - 2 (of 4).

Bites and Stings Pamphlet
Sides 1-2 Sides 3-4 Sides 1 - 2 (of 4)

78. CSL Antivenom Handbook - First Aid For Marine Bites And Stings
CSL Antivenom Handbook. First Aid for Marine bites and stings.
CSL Antivenom Handbook
First Aid for Marine Bites and Stings
Return to First Aid page Contents Toxinology home page
First Aid for Stonefish Sting Go to information on stonefish sting/antivenom First Aid for Other Fish Stings First Aid for Stingray Injuries First Aid for Blue ringed octopus bites pressure immobilisation bandage , as for snakebite. First Aid for Box Jellyfish Stings pressure immobilisation bandage and douse with further copious vinegar. Go to information on box jellyfish sting/antivenom First Aid for Other Jellyfish Stings This is more controversial and dependant on species, but for some, notably the bluebottle (Portuguese man-o-war) vinegar is not appropriate. Water (even ice water) should not be used on any jellyfish sting, as this may increase envenoming. Application of a cold pack is always useful. First Aid for Sea Snake Bites As for other snake bites , using pressure immobilisation method Go to information on sea snake bite/antivenom

79. Insect Bites And Stings - Poison Control - Carolinas Healthcare System
Insect bites and stings. INSECT bites and stings. Though irritating anduncomfortable, in most cases insect bites or stings are harmless.
Advanced Search Site Map Contact Us Help ... Insect Bites and Stings Insect Bites and Stings INSECT BITES AND STINGS The Black Widow Spider
The female black widow spider has a round, glossy black abdomen one-half inch in diameter with an orange-red hourglass marking her belly. Her painful bite results in redness and warmth at the site as well as muscle cramps, twitching, rigid abdomen, difficulty breathing, weakness, headache, nausea and vomiting. The male black widow spider is solid in color, and his bite is not venomous. If bitten, wash the area with warm, soapy water and call Carolinas Poison Center immediately. The Brown Recluse (Fiddleback spider)
The brown recluse spider is small, about one-half inch long with an oval body and a dark violin-shaped marking on its back. Its bite causes pain, redness, tenderness and a bull's eye appearance, which progresses to ulceration. Bites may go unnoticed until a lesion develops. If bitten wash the area with warm, soapy water and call the Carolinas Poison Center immediately. Ticks
Tick bites are common and usually harmless, but occasionally may result in Rocky Mountain spotted fever or Lyme disease. The symptoms can begin as early as a few days after a bite or wait as long as two weeks before appearing. Symptoms include headache, chills, fever and rash - much like the flu. If bitten, carefully remove the tick using blunt tweezers. Grasp the tick close to the skin and pull upward with a steady pressure. Check to see that the entire tick has been removed. Clean with warm, soapy water, then apply an antiseptic. Mark the date of the bite and if symptoms develop, contact your doctor immediately.

80. Bites And Stings
MAIN SEARCH INDEX bites and stings. Terms Anaphylaxis. A lifethreatening allergicreaction occurring in persons hypersensitive to bites and stings. Antibiotics.
Bites and stings
Profile and top views of typically nonpoisonous and poisonous snakes. Characteristic triangular head and pits on the side of the head are indicative of poisonous pit vipers found in the United States. (Illustration by Argosy Inc.) Types of spiders and insects that bite and sting. (Illustration by Argosy Inc.)
Humans can be injured by the bites or stings of many kinds of animals, including mammals such as dogs, cats, and fellow humans; arthropods such as spiders, bees, and wasps; snakes; and marine animals such as jellyfish and stingrays.
Mammals DOGS In the United States, where the dog population exceeds 50 million, dogs surpass all other mammals in the number of bites inflicted on humans. However, most dog-bite injuries are minor. A telephone survey of U.S. households conducted in 1994 led researchers to estimate that 3,737,000 dog bites not requiring medical attention occurred in the United States that year, versus 757,000 that did require medical treatment. Studies also show that most dog bites are from pets or other dogs known to the bitten person, that males are more likely than females to be bitten, and that children face a greater risk than adults. Each year, about 10-20 Americans, mostly children under 10 years of age, are killed by dogs. Dog bites result in an estimated 340,000 emergency-room visits annually throughout the United States. More than half of the bites seen by emergency departments occur at home. Children under 10 years old, especially boys between 5 and 9 years of age, are more likely than older people to visit an emergency room for bite treatment. Children under 10 years old were also much more liable to be bitten on the face, neck, and head. Nearly all of the injuries suffered by people seeking treatment in emergency rooms were of "low severity," and most were treated and released without being admitted to hospital or sent to another facility. Many of the bites resulted from people attempting to break up fights between animals.

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