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         Churchill Sir Winston Leonard Spencer:     more detail
  1. Marlborough; his life and times by Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill, Henry Steele Commager,
  2. Second World War Triumph and Tragedy by Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill, 1979
  3. Joan of Arc: by Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, Churchill, 1969-06
  4. Second World War Grand Alliance by Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill, 1979
  5. Second World War Closing the Ring by Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill, 1979
  6. Their Finest Hour by Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill, 1949
  7. Great Contemporaries by Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill, 1974
  8. Churchill by James C. Humes, 1980-04

61. Churchill, Sir Winston Leonard Spencer: Political Career
churchill, sir winston leonard spencer Political Career. the colonies in the cabinetof sir Henry Campbell In 1953 churchill was knighted, and awarded the 1953
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    Churchill, Sir Winston Leonard Spencer: Political Career
    Early Government Posts
    Churchill was elected to Parliament as a Conservative in 1900, but he subsequently switched to the Liberal party and was appointed undersecretary for the colonies in the cabinet of Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman. Under Asquith, he was initially (1908-10) president of the Board of Trade, then home secretary (1910-11), and championed innovative labor exchange and old-age pension acts. As first lord of the admiralty (1911), he presided over the naval expansion that preceded World War I. Discredited by the failure of the Dardanelles expedition, which he had championed, Churchill lost (1915) his admiralty post and served on the front lines in France. Returning to office under Lloyd George, he served as minister of munitions (1917) and secretary of state for war and for air (1918-21). As colonial secretary (1921-22), he helped negotiate the treaty that set up the Irish Free State. After two defeats at the polls he returned to the House of Commons, as a Constitutionalist, and became (1924-29) chancellor of the exchequer in Stanley Baldwin's Conservative government. As an advocate of laissez-faire economics, he was strongly criticized by John Maynard
  • 62. Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill
    sir winston leonard spencer churchill, direkte etterkommer av John churchill 1st avhans barnebarn winston churchill MP forteller igjen og churchill var igjen
    Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill, direkte etterkommer av John Churchill 1st Duke of Marlborough, ble født 30. november, 1874 på Blenheim Palace i Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England. Hans far var Lord Randolph Churchill tredje sønn av 7. Duke of Marlborough. Hans mor Jeanette (Jennie) Jerome var amerikansk og arving til en stor formue. Boken, Jennie: the Mother of Winston Churchill forteller om hennes liv.
    Han ble utdannet i Brighton og på Harrow, som han hatet. Etter skolen ble han antatt ved the RMA Sandhurst og ble utdannet infanteri offiser. I 1895 (21 år gammel) ble han beordret til the Fourth Hussars og var i aktiv tjeneste både på Cuba og i India. Da han kom tilbake til England ble han en kort tid involvert i politikk før han dro til India som korrespondent for The Daily Telegraph.
    I 1898 under Boer krigen ble han sendt til Sør Afrika som krigskorrespondent for the Morning Post. Boken Winston S. Churchill: War Correspondent 1895-1900 av hans barnebarn Winston Churchill M.P. forteller mer om denne tiden.. Han ble tatt av Boerne og holdt som krigsfange i Pretoria. Sammen med 2 andre fanger klarte han å flykte før det var gått en måned. Boken hans, My Early Life dekker disse årene.. Han kom igjen tilbake til England og ble i 1900valgt inn som konservativ representant for Oldham. Bare 4 år senere røk han uklar med Joseph Chamberlain over hans tarif reform policy. Han forlot "the Conservatives" og meldte seg inn i Herbert Asquith's Liberal Party der han snart ble "Secretary of State for the colonies." I 1908, ble han forfremmet til President of the Board of Trade, og han giftet seg med Clementine Hozier. To år senere etter en splittelse i regjeringen, delvis forårsaket av Churchill var det en General Election, og the Liberals fikk igjen makten, nå med Churchill som Home Secretary. (Innenriks Minister)

    63. I8851: Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill Kt. (Sir) (30 NOV 1874 - 24 JAN 1965)
    Notes on sir winston leonard spencer churchill churchill's death in 1965, like thatof winston leonard spencer churchill (18741965), Great Britain's greatest
    John Winston Spencer-Churchill 7th Duke Of Marlborough
    (2 JUN 1822 - 5 JUL 1883) Frances Anne Emily Vane
    ( - 16 APR 1899) Leonard Jerome Of New York
    Randolph Churchill

    (13 FEB 1849 - 24 JAN 1895) Jennie Jerome
    (1854 - 29 JUN 1921) Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill Kt. Birth Date 30 NOV 1874 Birth Place Blenheim Palace Death Date 24 JAN 1965 Burial Place Bladon, Near Woodstock Occupation Prime Minister of GB Spouses of Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill Kt. Clementine Ogilvy Hozier Birth Date Father Col. Sir Henry Montagu Hozier K.C.B. (20 MAR 1838 - 28 FEB 1907) Mother Lady Henrietta Blanche Ogilvy (8 NOV 1852 - ) Marriage Date 12 SEP 1908 Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill Kt. and Clementine Ogilvy Hozier had the following children Randolph Frederick Edward Spencer Churchill Diana Churchill Mary Churchill Notes for Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill Kt. Notes on Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill He married an American heiress, had one son (Randolph Churchill MP) and three daughters. During the depression years (1929-39) Churchill was denied cabinet office. Baldwin and later Neville Chamberlain, who dominated the National Government from 1931 to 1940, disliked his opposition to self-government for India and his support of Edward VIII during the abdication crisis of 1936. His insistence on the need for rearmament and his censure of Chamberlain's appeasement of Hitler at Munich in 1938 also aroused suspicion. When Britain declared war on Germany in September 1939, however, Churchill's views were finally appreciated, and public opinion demanded his return to the Admiralty. The signal went out to the the Fleet - "Winston's back".

    64. ThinkQuest Library Of Entries
    sir winston leonard spencerchurchill, Later, winston churchill became Prime Minster generations,most people are familiar with, is from a churchill's speech We

    65. Winston Churchill
    of William Golding from nobel Prize Winners THE COLLECTED WORKS OF sir winston churchill,197374 winston spencer churchill HIS COMPLETE SPEECHES, 1987-1963
    Choose another writer in this calendar: by name:
    B C D ... Z by birthday from the calendar Credits and feedback Churchill, Sir Winston (Leonard Spencer) 1874-1965 Statesman, historian, and biographer, whose five years of war leadership (1940-45) secured him a central place in modern British history. Churchill is widely considered the greatest political figure in 20th-century Britain. He won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1953. In was an open secret that he would have preferred the Nobel Peace Prize. Churchill's career was anything but predictable: he supported the Zionist movement in Palestine (1921-22), during the Abdication crisis (1926) he was loyal to Edward VIII, and during the 1945 election campaign he tried to brand Labour as a totalitarian party. 'Hitler knows that he will have to break us in this island or lose the war. If we can stand up to him, all Europe may be free and the life of the world may move forward into broad, sunlit uplands. But if we fail, the whole world, including the Unites States, including all that we have known and cared for, will sink into the abyss of a new Dark Age, made more sinister, and perhaps more protracted, by the lights of perverted science. Let us therefore brace ourselves to our duties, and so bear ourselves that, if the British Empire and its Commonwealth last for a thousand years, men will say, " This was their finest hour."' (Churchill in his speech on June 18, 1940)

    66. Churchill Sir Winston Leonard Spencer
    Translate this page churchill sir winston leonard spencer. D'origine aristocratique, winston churchilldescend par son père Malgré la victoire, churchill est battu aux élections
    Churchill sir Winston Leonard Spencer
    D'origine aristocratique, Winston Churchill Churchill Churchill Churchill devient, le 10 mai 1940, Premier ministre. Churchill

    67. Online Books
    sir winston leonard spencer churchill. sir winston’s last 10 years were markedby an increasing churchill stood unchallengable as the greatest of all war
    putTopSec("/","Kids"); putTopSec("","Parents"); putTopSec("/community/","Community"); Kids Parents Community putTopURL("/talespin/","TaleSpin","Tale-Spin Home",1); putTopURL("/magazine/","Magazine","Kids Magazine"); putTopURL("/discover/","Discover","Discover"); putTopURL("/activities/","Activities","Kids Activities"); putTopURL("/games/","Games","Games Home"); putTopURL("/news/","News@12","Kids News"); TaleSpin Magazine Discover Activities ... People Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill Compiled by: Bindu Misra; Illustrations by: Amarjeet Malik Page 1 0f 1 Churchill was born on November 30, 1874 in Blenheim Palace, Oxfordshire, England. His father Randolph Churchill was the third son of the 7th Duke of Marlborough. As a young man of undistinguished academic accomplishment, he entered the army as a cavalry officer. He took enthusiastically to soldiering and managed to see three campaigns. He served as a cavalry officer in India and Sudan but resigned his commission in 1899 to become a war correspondent in the Boer war. Send to cover the South African war for the Morning Post, the Boers captured him in 1899. A daring escape from the prison made him an overnight celebrity. Churchill entered the Parliament in 1901 at age of 26. In 1904 he left the Conservative Party to join the Liberals and in its ranks soon achieved high office. He became home secretary in 1910 and First Lord of the Admiralty in 1911. Thus it was as the political head of the Royal Navy at the outbreak of the First World War in 1914 that he stepped onto the world stage. However an unsuccessful campaign forced Churchill’s resignation. Later he rejoined the Conservatives and was appointed Chancellor of the Exchequer. He resigned office in 1931 after some controversial measures.

    68. Winston Churchill SUBJECT INDEX A-H
    CORRESPONDENCE See churchill, winston leonard spencer. views on WSC The 1953 NobelPrize for May 1959 Comments at Funeral of sir winston churchill Books The
    SUBJECT INDEX A - H For quick search, click the letter of the subject:
    B C Churchill ... I-Z
    Find subjects on this page: Use the pull down menu under 'EDIT,' go to 'FIND IN PAGE' and put in the keyword you are looking for A ACTION THIS DAY : Each issue of Finest Hour includes a column, Action This Day
    which chronicles Churchill's life 25, 50, 75, and 100 years ago. These articles are
    posted on the website in chronological order. A Day by Day Account of the Life of Winston Churchill.
    Young Statesman
    The Challenge of War The Stricken World
    Prophet of Truth
    Finest Hour
    Road to Victory Never Despair
    Articles A Basement View of Sir Winston (Ogden Kniffin) A Loving Hear t (Elizabeth Nel) A Visit to Chartwell (A.L. Rowse) Chartwell Childhood (Emma Soames) Christmas with Churchill (Gerald Pawle) Churchill's England (John Colville) Churchill's Oratory in World War II (Hamilton Fyfe) Cuban Connections (Maurice Baird-Smith) Glimpses: "Did You Fly? Hmph!"

    69. Sir Leonard Winston Churchill Spencer
    sir winston churchill.
    Sir Leonard Winston Churchill Spencer Sir Leonard Winston Churchill Spencer Uomo di Stato inglese (Blenheim Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire 1874 - Londra 1965).
    I genitori di Winston Churchill provengono da due ambienti molto diversi tra loro: lord Randolph Churchill, il padre appartiene alla migliore aristocrazia britannica, ed egli stesso scriverà una biografia del suo famoso antenato, il duca di Marlborough. La madre, Jenny Jerome, è figlia del proprietario del New York Times; il sangue americano che scorre nelle vene di Winston ne farà sempre un fervente sostenitore dell'amicizia dei popoli anglosassoni e dei particolari vincoli che legano tra loro Gran Bretagna e Stati Uniti.
    Churchill approfitta immediatamente della notorietà acquisita per lanciarsi nella campagna elettorale (sono le elezioni "kaki" del 1900): è eletto deputato conservatore di Oldham. Sicuro di sè, affascinante e arrogante, Churchill non resta a lungo conservatore: infatti, nel 1904, si avvicina ai liberali e si lega d'amicizia con i rappresentanti radicali del partito, in particolare con Lloyd George; nel 1906, viene eletto deputato liberale di Manchester. Gli viene in seguito assegnato il posto di segretario di Stato presso il gabinetto di Campbell-bannerman, iniziando così la sua carriera ministeriale.

    70. Britannia Biographies: Sir Winston Churchill
    churchill (18741965) winston leonard spencer churchill, son of He was awarded theNobel Prize for
    Britannia Home

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    Sir Winston Churchill (1874-1965) Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill, son of Lord Randolph Churchill, first came to public attention as a result of his escape from a prison in Pretoria during the Boer War. He was a war correspondent and had been captured. His political career began in 1900 with his election to Parliament as a Conservative. He joined the Liberals over tariff reform proposed by Chamberlain. In 1908 he was appointed president of the Board of Trade by Asquith and was home secretary in 1910. He was in the Commons until 1923 and a number of ministerial offices including First Lord of the Admiralty in the Asquith government (1911-15). He served in the trenches of World War I in France in 1915-16, returning to Parliament in 1917 to serve as minister of munitions under Lloyd George at the time the tank was being developed. After the war ended he served as secretary for war (1918-21). He was colonial secretary and was a major player in establishing the Irish Free State. Out of Parliament from 1922-24, Churchill returned as a Conservative representing Epping in 1924 and was made chancellor of the Exchequer (1924-29) under Baldwin. While chancellor he returned Britain to the gold standard and was noticed for his part in breaking the General Strike of 1926. He was again out of office (1929-39) but was a vocal critic of Conservative policy on India and especially Chamberlain's appeasement of Hitler and Mussolini.

    71. - Great Books -
    sir winston leonard spencer churchill (November 30, 1874 January 24 notable appearanceof winston churchill was as churchill is believed by several writers to
    Sir Winston Churchill
    Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill (November 30, 1874 - January 24, 1965). Born at Blenheim Palace, Winston Churchill was a descendant of the first famous member of the Churchill family: John Churchill, the 1st Duke of Marlborough. Winston's father, Lord Randolph Churchill, was the third son of the 7th Duke of Marlborough. The first notable appearance of Winston Churchill was as a war-correspondent in the second Anglo-Boer war between Britain and self-proclaimed Afrikaaners in South Africa. He was captured in a Boer ambush of a British Army train convoy, but managed a high profile escape and eventually crossed the South African border to Lorenzo Marques (now Maputo in Mozambique).
    His speeches at that time were a great inspiration to the embattled United Kindom. His famous "I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat" speech was his first as Prime Minister. He followed that closely, prior to the Battle of Britain, with "We shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be, we shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender."
    He paid the Royal Air Force the highest compliment after the Battle of Britain with "Never in field of human conflict has so much been owed by so many, to so few". His good relationship with U.S. president Franklin

    72. Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill: Awards Won By Sir Winston Leonard Spencer
    Awards of sir winston leonard spencer churchill.
    hardwork is paid in form of awards Awards of Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill OTHER-NOBEL LITERATURE Enter Artist/Album
    Partner Sites Biography Search Engine ... privacy

    73. Winston Churchill Links
    1940, in his first statement as Prime Minister to the British House of Commons,winston leonard spencer churchill declared I sir winston S. churchill KG, OM - churchill.htm
    Sir Winston Churchill Links
    Churchill, Freedom and Democracy
    NEW!! Inder Dan Ratnu, of India, explains the importance of Winston Churchill to the preservation of freedom and parliamentary democracy. The master statesman stood alone against fascism and renewed the world's faith in the superiority of democracy. - Winston Churchill A great introduction to Sir Winston Churchill and his distinguished career. Winston Churchill Memorial Trust The Churchill Trust is an Australian Trust established in 1965, the year in which Sir Winston Churchill died. The principal object of the Trust is to perpetuate and honour the memory of Sir Winston Churchill by the award of Memorial Fellowships known as Churchill Fellowships. Spartacus School Net - Winston Churchill Fantastic British biography of Sir Winston with lots of hot links to various aspects of his life and work. Winston Churchill TIME's 1940 Man of the Year On May 13, 1940, in his first statement as Prime Minister to the British House of Commons, Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill declared: I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat. Those eleven burning words summed up the nature of Britain's war, turned Britain's back on the weaknesses of the past, set her face toward the unknown future. Winston Churchill winner of The Nobel Prize for Literature 1953 Contains the text of his biography, the presentation of the award and the text of his acceptance speech as read by his wife Clementine Churchill.

    74. Winston Churchill (Pg 2); Shelby County Ohio Historical Society
    an adventurer and poet like sir Philip Sidney March (1900), Lord Randolph churchill(1906), My name, You shall be winston leonard spencer churchill, but those
    Traveling Through Time With the Shelby County Historical Society
    Written by David Lodge in March, 1997 SIR WINSTON CHURCHILL - A LEGEND IN HIS OWN TIME 1874-1965... Pg 2 I would, however, be proven wrong. My cousins, the American people, whom I would grow to love dearly, were destined, at some future time and place, to provide the means to support my redoubtable quest to rescue my beloved England from the edges of its greatest peril. In later years, men and women would say, that at my birth, I was ordained by God to lead this great crusade against the forces of evil. How will I rise above the expectations of those who believe in me? Will I be a great general like Wellington, a politician and statesman like William Pitt, an adventurer and poet like Sir Philip Sidney or an author who speaks to the minds of men? No, I shall be an author. My vision predicts a proliferation of book credits, a novel Savrola (1899), the only one I would write, joined by a library of tomes on real-life action beginning with my first book, The History of the Malakand Field Force (1898). Others would be

    75. Churchill - Mimers Brunn
    research about the great man sir winston leonard spencer churchill because I churchillwas now on the top of his Because of all his work sir winston became a
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    Skola: Cellen Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill I decided to do some research about the great man sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill because I didn’t know much about him. I had heard his name a couple of times but I didn’t know why he was so famous. Now I know why and I hope my presentation will help all of you too. The man who made the “V” for victory-sign famous was born in 1875 in England. In school he wasn’t a very successful pupil. Winston lacked motivation in most of the subjects except for history and in the English language where he was one of the best students, probably because he liked making speeches and was a good writer. After finished high school Churchill tried to make it to a military academy in Sandhurst. The third time he tried he succeeded it and in 1895 he became an officer. For three years he fought in three different wars. In 1898 he left the army to try to become a member of the House of Commons but he failed. Instead he became a journalist in south Africa for the newspaper “Morning Post”. When Winston Churchill got back, in 1900, he was elected into the House of Common where he soon got very popular because he showed a big passion and energy for the work. His career was going better and better. And in 1911 Winston was appointed as minister of the Royal Marines.

    76. Winston Churchill
    sir winston leonard spencer churchill, statesman, soldier, and author in the cabinetof sir Henry Campbell Labour electoral victory, and churchill became leader
    Language Activities English Slang On-Line Dictionaries Song Lyrics Life in Britain Teaching English Free Postcards MAIN INDEX PAGE Email Us Notable Britons in History Winston Churchill 1874 - 1965 PART OF ONE OF HIS MORE FAMOUS WARTIME SPEECHES: "Even though large tracts of Europe and many old and famous States have fallen or may fall into the grip of the Gestapo and all the odious apparatus of Nazi rule, we shall not flag or fail. We shall go on to the end, we shall fight in France, we shall fight on the seas and oceans, we shall fight with growing confidence and growing strength in the air, we shall defend our Island, whatever the cost may be, we shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender , and even if, which I do not for a moment believe, this Island or a large part of it were subjugated and starving, then our Empire beyond the seas, armed and guarded by the British Fleet, would carry on the struggle, until, in God's good time, the New World, with all its power and might, steps forth to the rescue and the liberation of the old." Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill , statesman, soldier, and author.

    77. Rare And Collection Watches: Poljot Winston Churchill Chronograph From Antihitle
    churchill, sir winston leonard spencer (18741965), British politician and winstonchurchill's public life extended from the churchill was also known for the
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    Information Payment Delivery Service Conditions Security ... About Russian products from Moscow. document.write(printDate("Eng")); Language :: English Russian Deutsch Espanol Antihitler coalition Poljot series
    Winston Churchill Chronograph
      To all the fans and collectors of rare watches:
      We offer you our best and unique collecton Winston Churchill model of Poljot Chronographs.
      This rare model is a part of the greater Anti-Hitler Coalition series. The limited edition of only 500 items of this watch series was issued by the Moscow Poljot factory in 1995 to commemorate a 50th Anniversary of the Yalta conference of 1945. The limited collecton edition of these watches was issued in four parts, each of which was dedicated to one of the leaders of the countries - participants of the Anti-Hitler Coalition. There were exclusive W. Churchill (125 items), J. Stalin (125 items), F. Roosevelt (125 items) and Ch. De Gaulle (125 items) watches issued.
      Only last watches numbered from this rare limited series are in stock.

    78. Churchill
    churchill (sir winston, 18741965, statesman, Prime bearing the spencer-churchillfully marshalled three lines 'winston leonard / spencer-churchill / MCMLIII
    CHURCHILL ( Sir WINSTON, 1874-1965, statesman, Prime Minister, war leader and Nobel Laureate for Literature ) THE ORIGINAL GARTER STALL PLATE USED AT THE INSTALLATION OF CHURCHILL AS A KNIGHT OF THE GARTER AT ST. GEORGE'S CHAPEL AT WINDSOR IN 1953, bronze, gilt and enamel, bearing the Spencer-Churchill fully marshalled coat of arms in their right colours, with the Garter encircling the shield carrying the motto of the Order 'Honi soit qui mal y pense', and surmounted by helmets, one crowned and both mantled with crests, above: the family motto in Spanish 'Fiel pero desdichado' ('Faithful though Unfortunate') and below in three lines: 'Winston Leonard / Spencer-Churchill / MCMLIII', 180 x 114 mm, in extremely fine condition, mounted on hardwood and framed and glazed in a high-quality ebony frame, overall size c.13 x 11½ inches, 1953 The Garter Stall Plate for the highest honour accepted by arguably the greatest Englishman of the twentieth century, the Most Noble Order of the Garter. A unique and extraordinary item of Churchilliana. The stall plate was made by the firm William Soper and Son. Due to the shortness of time prior to the Installation, Soper had been unable to finish enamelling the plate to the standard they would have wished, so after it had been temporarily placed in Sir Winston's stall (or seat) in St. George's Chapel for the ceremony of his installation it was returned to Soper for the finishing touches to be made. It is understood that Sir Winston was approached to finance the finishing but declined to do so. A plate of more modest manufacture now marks the stall once occupied by the present plate and Sir Winston.

    79. American Topical Association - November 1999 Feature
    winston leonard spencer churchill was born on November 30, 1874 in churchill, anddescendant of sir John churchill in Fulton, Missouri, churchill delivered his
    Winston Churchill
    This month commemorates the 125th. birthday of one of the greatest leaders of the modern world.
    Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill was born on November 30, 1874 in Blenheim Palace, the son of Lord Randolph Churchill, and descendant of Sir John Churchill, 1st.Duke of Marlborough (1650-1722), one of the greatest military commanders in history.
    A Young Churchill at Blenheim Palace
    A poor academic record led his father to set him on a military career and, after three attempts to pass the entrance exam, Churchill entered the Royal Military College, graduating in 1895. His regiment was transferred to India in 1896, and he saw service both as a soldier and a journalist. His dispatches from India attracted much attention and were the start of his second career as an author.
    Churchill resigned his commission in 1899, to enter politics, but suffered defeat in his first try at election. Instead he went to South Africa as a correspondent, reporting the Boer War for the London paper The Morning Post . He soon became a hero for his part in rescuing an armoured train, though he was captured himself. A month later he escaped and returned to England, where he easily won election to the House of Commons in 1900.

    80. DDG 81 Winston Churchill
    winston leonard spencer churchill. a Knight of the Garter, acquiring the title Sirwinston, in 1953 churchill won the 1953 nobel Prize for Literature, bestowed
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    The Winston S. Churchill is the fourth American warship to be named in honor of an Englishman. Winston S. Churchill is the 31th ship of the Arleigh Burke class and the 18th of the class to be built by Bath Iron Works. On May 24th, the Navy detonated a seven-ton under water explosive device near one of their newest and most technologically advanced warships, USS WINSTON S. CHURCHILL (DDG 81). The explosion was no accident, in fact, it was the first detonation of three for a program called Shock Trials. The purpose of Shock Trials is to assess the survivability of a new class or design of ship. “The last time the Navy conducted Shock Trials was in 1993 on the USS JOHN PAUL JONES (DDG 53)” said Lt. Cdr. Jeff Riedel the Shock Trial Project Officer. “We [the Navy] don’t shock every ship, but we need to evaluate the performance of equipment and structural upgrades that have been installed since the last testing. It is required by law.” The Chief of Naval Operations chose CHURCHILL as the Flight IIA “Shock Ship” in 1998. The U.S. Code requires realistic survivability testing of a ship “by firing munitions likely to be encountered in combat, with the primary emphasis on testing vulnerability with respect to potential user casualties and taking into equal consideration the susceptibility to attack combat performance of the system.” In short, the government authorized testing live explosives on capital assets so that follow on ships are built better.
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