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  1. Antony Hewish
  2. Pulsars and High Density Physics. by Antony. HEWISH, 1975
  3. Pulsars and High Density Physics. pp. 70-79 IN: Les Prix Nobel en 1974 by Antony. HEWISH, 1975

1. Antony Hewish - Autobiography
antony hewish – Autobiography. I Holwech Medal and Prize, Societé Françaisede Physique (1974). nobel Prize in Physics (1974). Hughes
I was born in Fowey, Cornwall, on 11 May 1924, the youngest of three sons and my father was a banker. I grew up in Newquay, on the Atlantic coast and there developed a love of the sea and boats. I was educated at King's College, Taunton and went to the University of Cambridge in 1942. From 1943-46 I was engaged in war service at the Royal Aircraft Establishment, Farnborough and also at the Telecommunications Research Establishment, Malvern. I was involved with airborne radar-counter-measure devices and during this period I also worked with Martin Ryle.
Returning to Cambridge in 1946 I graduated in 1948 and immediately joined Ryle's research team at the Cavendish Laboratory. I obtained my Ph.D. in 1952, became a Research Fellow at Gonville and Caius College where I had been an undergraduate, and in 1961 transferred to Churchill College as Director of Studies in Physics. I was University Lecturer during 1961-69, Reader during 1969-71 and Professor of Radio Astronomy from 1971 until my retirement in 1989. Following Ryle's illness in 1977 I assumed leadership of the Cambridge radio astronomy group and was head of the Mullard Radio Astronomy Observatory from 1982-88.

2. Antony Hewish - Nobel Lecture
antony hewish – nobel Lecture. Pulsars and high density physics. antony hewish Autobiographynobel Lecture Banquet Speech Swedish nobel Stamps Other Resources.
Pulsars and high density physics Nobel Lecture, December 12, 1974
From Nobel Lectures , Physics 1971-1980. The Lecture in pdf-format Download
Adobe Acrobat Reader is free software that lets you view and print Adobe Portable Document Format (PDF) files. The Nobel Prize in Physics 1974
Press Release

Presentation Speech
Martin Ryle ...
Other Resources
The 1974 Prize in:


Physiology or Medicine

Economic Sciences
Find a Laureate: Last modified December 4, 2001 The Official Web Site of The Nobel Foundation

3. Antony Hewish Winner Of The 1974 Nobel Prize In Physics
antony hewish, a nobel Prize Laureate in Physics, at the nobel PrizeInternet Archive. antony hewish. 1974 nobel Laureate in Physics
1974 Nobel Laureate in Physics
    for their pioneering research in radio astrophysics. Ryle for his observations and inventions, in particular of the aperture synthesis technique, and Hewish for his decisive role in the discovery of pulsars.
    Born: 1924
    Residence: Great Britain
    Affiliation: Cambridge University, Cambridge
Featured Internet Links Links added by Nobel Internet Archive visitors Back to The Nobel Prize Internet Archive
Peace ... Medicine We always welcome your feedback and comments

4. Index Of Nobel Laureates In Physics
ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF nobel PRIZE LAUREATES IN PHYSICS. Name, Year Awarded.Alferov, Zhores I. 2000. Hess, Victor Franz, 1936. hewish, antony, 1974.
Name Year Awarded Alferov, Zhores I. Alfven, Hannes Alvarez, Luis W. Anderson, Carl David ... Medicine We always welcome your feedback and comments

5. Hewish, Antony
hewish, antony. (b. May 11, 1924, Fowey, Cornwall, Eng.), British astrophysicistwho won the nobel Prize for Physics in 1974 for his discovery of pulsars
Hewish, Antony
(b. May 11, 1924, Fowey, Cornwall, Eng.), British astrophysicist who won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1974 for his discovery of pulsars (cosmic objects that emit extremely regular pulses of radio waves). Hewish was educated at the University of Cambridge and in 1946 joined the radio astronomy group there led by Sir Martin Ryle . While directing a research project at the Mullard Radioastronomy Observatory at Cambridge in 1967, Hewish recognized the significance of an observation made by a graduate assistant, Jocelyn Bell. He determined that the regularly patterned radio signals, or pulses, that Bell had detected were not caused by earthly interference or, as some speculated, by intelligent life forms trying to communicate with distant planets but rather were energy emissions from certain stars. For this work in identifying pulsars as a new class of stars, he was awarded jointly with Ryle the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1974, the first time the prize had been given for observational astronomy. Hewish was professor of radio astronomy at the Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge, from 1971 to 1989.

6. BRITANNICA Guide To The Nobel Prizes
Over the past century, more than 80 nobel Prize winners, all experts in hewish, antony(Physics, 1974) Cosmos, The (in part) 15th Edition Pulsar 15th Edition.
Many notable scholars have written for the since it began publication in 1768. Over the past century, more than 80 Nobel Prize winners, all experts in their field, have shared their knowledge with Britannica readers, contributing about 150 articles to the 9th-15th editions. A handful of these classic articles are available here ( see Albert Einstein Milton Friedman Linus Pauling Bertrand Russell ... Herbert Alexander Simon and George J. Stigler
Adrian, Edgar Douglas Adrian, 1st Baron
(Medicine, 1932)
Chronaxie 14th Edition
Equilibrium, Animal 14th Edition
Nerve in part ) 14th Edition Allais, Maurice (Economics, 1988)
Customs Unions and Trade Agreements 15th Edition
International Trade in part ) 15th Edition Alvarez, Luis W. (Physics, 1968)
Accelerators, Particle in part ) 14th Edition Angell, Sir Norman (Peace, 1933)
Outlawry of War 14th Edition
Pacifism 14th Edition
Security in part ) 14th Edition War in part ) 14th Edition Appleton, Sir Edward Victor (Physics, 1947) Radiotelegraphy in part ) 14th Edition Wireless Telegraphy in part ) 14th Edition Aston, Francis William

7. Nobel Laureates
by itself, several astronomers/physicists have received the nobel Prize in in particularof the aperture synthesis technique hewish, antony, Great Britain

8. Hewish, Antony. The American Heritage® Dictionary Of The English Language: Four
hewish, antony. SYLLABICATION Hew·ish. PRONUNCIATION hy sh. DATES Born 1924.British astronomer. He shared a 1974 nobel Prize in physics for his discovery of
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9. Hewish, Antony
hewish, antony (1924). English radio astronomer who was awarded, with Martin Ryle,the nobel Prize for Physics 1974 for his work on pulsars, rapidly rotating
Hewish, Antony English radio astronomer who was awarded, with Martin Ryle , the Nobel Prize for Physics 1974 for his work on pulsars, rapidly rotating neutron stars that emit pulses of energy.
The discovery by Jocelyn Bell Burnell of a regularly fluctuating signal, which turned out to be the first pulsar, began a period of intensive research. Hewish discovered another three straight away, and more than 170 pulsars have been found since 1967.
Hewish was born in Cornwall and studied at Cambridge. He worked at the Cavendish Laboratory there, and became professor at Cambridge 1972.
Before 1950, Hewish used radio telescopes mainly to study the solar atmosphere. When new instruments became available, radio observations were extended to sources other than the Sun. Before the discovery of pulsars, Hewish examined the fluctuation in such sources of the intensity of the radiation (the scintillation) resulting from disturbances in ionized gas in the Earth's atmosphere, within the Solar System, and in interstellar space.
Hewish has patented a system of space navigation using three pulsars as reference points, which would provide coordinates in outer space accurate up to a few hundred kilometres.

10. The Glass Ceiling Biographies - Susan Jocelyn Bell Burnell
The nobel Prize controversy is detailed in Nicholas Wade, Discovery of Pulsars Onpulsars, see antony hewish, Pulsars in Scientific American (October 1968); A
WORKING TOGETHER INTO THE 21ST CENTURY ABOUT US BUSINESS EMPLOYMENT ENTERTAINMENT ... WOMEN Women: Resources Bios Glass Stories Calendar ... Orgs Susan Jocelyn Bell Burnell b. 1943
Astronomer The radio astronomer Susan Jocelyn Bell Burnell discovered the first pulsar (stars that release regular bursts of radio waves) in 1967. Introduction Susan Jocelyn Bell (Burnell) was born in Belfast, Northern Ireland, on July 15, 1943. Her father was the architect for the Armagh Observatory, which was close to their home. Her early interest in astronomy was encouraged by the observatory staff. She studied at the Mount School in York, England, from 1956 to 1961. She earned a B.S. in physics at the University of Glasgow in 1965. That same year, she began work on her Ph.D. at Cambridge University. There, under the supervision of Antony Hewish, she constructed and operated a 81.5 megaherz radio telescope. She studied interplanetary scintillation of compact radio sources. Bell Burnell detected the first four pulsars. The term "pulsar" is an abbreviation of pulsating radio star or of rapidly pulsating radio sources. Pulsars represent rotating neutron stars that emit brilliant flashes of electromagnetic radiation at each revolution, like beacons from a lighthouse. The observation of pulsars requires the use of radio telescopes. In 15 years, about 350 pulsars were found. Their pulse periods range from 33 microseconds to 4 seconds. A "fast" pulsar was discovered in 1982. Its short pulse period equals 1.5 microseconds. According to Joseph H. Taylor, Jr., "it has become clear that hundreds of thousands of pulsars must exist in the Milky Way Galaxy — most of them too distant to be detected with existing radio telescopes."

11. Zientzia Eta Teknologiaren Ataria
urteurrenaren kariaz, Sir antony hewish nobel saridun britainiarrak “Unibertsoareniragana, oraina eta geroa” izeneko hitzaldia eman zuen urriaren 31n

12. Zientzia Eta Teknologiaren Ataria
antony hewish nobel saridunari entzuteko parada izan genuen Elhuyar KulturElkartearen XXV. urteurreneko ospakizunekitaldian. Unibertsoaren

13. Jocelyn Bell
However, in 1974, it was antony hewish who received a nobel Prize in Physics for the discovery of pulsars .(Martens, 1996) Despite considerable documentation
Pulsars + Jocelyn Bell = An Astronomical Injustice
by Jennifer AuCoin
Astronomy 1001 Mount Allison University
Gender equality in science is a frequently discussed issue in today's society. An enormous amount of progress is being made by women in areas in which they were previously under-represented. One such example is the work of Jocelyn Bell in the field of astrophysics. As a graduate student at Cambridge University in 1967, Bell discovered evidence of a new type of star in our galaxy called pulsars. Prior to this, pulsars, or pulsating neutron stars, had only been a theory, and this evidence established a foundation from which to expand and verify the theory. Due to scientific hierarchies and reward systems, however, the work and discovery was accredited to Bell's professor, Antony Hewish, thus creating a veritable astronomical injustice in the form of the Jocelyn Bell story. Pulsars served to prove this theory of star rotation. Perhaps the greatest verification comes from the Crab Nebula. Documented by Chinese astronomers in 1054, a supernova explosion created the luminous remains known as the Crab Nebula.(Stellar Evol., p.54) The source for the luminosity was unknown until the presence of a high density pulsar was discovered near its centre. The rate of rotation of this galactic object is about 33 ms, which is much quicker than the average pulsar period of 1.34 seconds.(Hewish, p.740) To be rotating at such a fast speed, the star had to be extremely compact. However, with such pulse precision and energy output, the star also had to be extremely massive. A high density star would allow for both characteristics, and the detection of the Crab Nebula pulsar thus helped to substantiate the claims for a rotating star.

14. Nobel Physics Prize - Press Release 1974
15 October 1974 The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has awarded ProfessorMartin Ryle and Professor antony hewish the 1974 nobel Prize in Physics.

15. Physics 1974
nobel Prize in Physics 19012000 http//, The nobel Prize inPhysics 1974. Sir Martin Ryle, antony hewish. Great Britain, Great Britain.

16. Physics Nobel Laureates 1950 - 1974
The first nobel prize in physics was awarded to Wilhelm Röntgen in 1901. Physics1950. hewish, antony, Great Britain, Cambridge University, Cambridge, * 1924
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences
Kungl. Vetenskapsakademien
Physics 1950
POWELL, CECIL FRANK, Great Britain, Bristol University, "for his development of the photographic method of studying nuclear processes and his discoveries regarding mesons made with this method".
Physics 1951
The prize was awarded jointly to: COCKCROFT, Sir JOHN DOUGLAS, Great Britain, Atomic Energy Research Establishment, Harwell, Didcot, Berks., + 1967; and WALTON, ERNEST THOMAS SINTON, Ireland, Dublin University, "for their pioneer work on the transmutation of atomic nuclei by artificially acce lerated atomic particles".
Physics 1952
The prize was awarded jointly to: BLOCH, FELIX, U.S.A., Stanford University, Stanford, CA, * 1905 (in Zürich, Switzerland), + 1983; and PURCELL, EDWARD MILLS, U.S.A., Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, "for their development of new methods for nuclear magnetic precision measurements and discoveries in connection therewith".
Physics 1953
ZERNIKE, FRITS (FREDERIK), the Netherlands, Groningen University, "for his demonstration of the phase contrast method, especially for his invention of the phase contrast microscope".

17. Antony & Cleopatra
hewish, antony 1974 nobel Autobiography British-born cowinner of the physicsprize presents a personal account of his career and his work in radio
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Harmony Kingdom
Click here to buy Description: Item # TJ2NRA
Two By Two is a unique collection of paired animal figurines. Each may stand alone or complement its partner perfectly. Together this pair of rabbits measures 3 x 1.5 x 2.625". Individually, Antony measures 1.25 x 1.375 x 2.625" and Cleopatra measures 1.25 x 1.875 x 2.25".
Designed by Adam Binder. Estimated shipping date: Late February, 2002. Price:
Two By Two is a unique collection of paired animal figurines. Each may stand alone or complement its partner perfectly. Together this pai Click here to buy
Last revised: Oct 9, 2002.
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  • 18. FÍSICA - DONA FIFI - 100 Anos De Nobel - Mulheres
    Translate this page Mas, foram só eles que ganharam o nobel. moça era estudante em Cambridge, Inglaterra,trabalhando em rádio-telescópios sob a orientação de antony hewish.
    Dona Fifi aos 19 anos.
    Apostilas eletrônicas de Dona Fifi

    Em 100 anos de Nobel, quantas mulheres ganharam o prêmio de Física? Apenas duas: Maria Sklodowska Curie e Maria Goeppert Mayer. Alguém pode dizer que isso reflete o pequeno número de mulheres na comunidade de físicos. É verdade. Basta olhar as fotos das conferências de Solvay e contar quantas mulheres aparecem.
    Congressos de Física costumam ter centenas de homens e meia dúzia de mulheres. E essas, via de regra, são descaradamente ignoradas pelos colegas, a menos que sejam físicas com belos físicos. E, como se não bastasse essa desvantagem numérica, o comitê do prêmio Nobel ainda consegue piorar o quadro mostrando, aqui e ali, sua face chauvinista. Pelo menos em três casos, a injustiça cometida pelo comitê com brilhantes cientistas do melhor sexo foi gritante. A história de uma delas já contei por aqui. Logo após a segunda guerra, o prêmio pela descoberta da fissão nuclear foi dado a Otto Hahn, preterindo Lise Meitner que trabalhara com Hahn mas fora obrigada a deixar a Alemanha nazista por ser judia.
    (NOTA DO EDITOR: Veja a apostila de D. Fifi sobre

    19. FÍSICA - 100 Anos De Nobel - Prêmios De Física
    antony hewish Por pesquisasem radio astronomia. O segundo pela descoberta dos pulsares. 1975
    NOTA: O prêmio deixou de ser concedido em alguns anos. 1901 - Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen
    Pela descoberta dos raios-X. 1902 - Hendrik Antoon Lorentz - Pieter Zeeman
    Estudaram a modificação dos espectros por campos magnéticos. 1903 - Marie Sklodowska Curie - Pierre Curie - Antoine Henri Becquerel
    Pela descoberta e estudo da radioatividade natural. 1904 - John William Strutt, Lord Rayleigh
    Por seus trabalhos com gases. 1905 - Phillip Edouard Lenard
    Por seus trabalhos com os raios catódicos. 1906 - Sir Joseph John Thomson
    Pela descoberta do elétron. 1907 - Albert Abraham Michelson
    Por seus instrumentos de medir a velocidade da luz. 1908 - Gabriel Jonas Lippmann
    Por um método de reproduzir cores por interferometria. 1909 - Guglielmo Marconi - Karl Ferdinand Braun
    Pela telegrafia sem fio. 1910 - Johannes Diderik Van der Waals Estudou a equação de estado de gases e líquidos. 1911 - Wilhelm Frans Wien Pelo estudo das leis da radiação. 1912 - Gustaf Dalen Inventou um regulador de faróis e bóias. 1913 - Heine Kamerlingh Onnes Por seus trabalhos em baixas temperaturas e por ter liquefeito o hélio.

    20. CSSL General Information
    University Park, PA–antony hewish, the man who discovered pulsars and a nobel Laureatein Physics from Cambridge University, will present the 2000 Arthur H.

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