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1. Pyotr Kapitsa - Biography
pyotr kapitsa – Biography. Pjotr leonidovich kapitsa was born in Kronstadt, nearLeningrad, on the 9th Collected Papers of PL kapitsa, 3 vol., Pergamon Press
Pjotr Leonidovich Kapitsa
Kapitsa began his scientific career in A.F. Ioffe's section of the Electromechanics Department of the Petrograd Polytechnical Institute, completing his studies in 1918. Here, jointly with N.N. Semenov, he proposed a method for determining the magnetic moment of an atom interacting with an inhomogeneous magnetic field. This method was later used in the celebrated Stern-Gerlach experiments.
At the suggestion of A.F. Ioffe in 1921 Kapitsa came to the Cavendish Laboratory to work with Rutherford. In 1923 he made the first experiment in which a cloud chamber was placed in a strong magnetic field, and observed the bending of alfa-particle paths. In 1924 he developed methods for obtaining very strong magnetic fields and produced fields up to 320 kilogauss in a volume of 2 cm . In 1928 he discovered the linear dependence of resistivity on magnetic field for various metals placed in very strong magnetic fields. In his last years in Cambridge Kapitsa turned to low temperature research. He began with a critical analysis of the methods that existed at the time for obtaining low temperatures and developed a new and original apparatus for the liquefaction of helium based on the adiabatic principle (1934).

2. Pyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa - Nobel Lecture
pyotr kapitsa – nobel Lecture. Plasma and the controlled thermonuclearreaction. pyotr kapitsa Biography nobel Lecture Banquet Speech.
Plasma and the controlled thermonuclear reaction Nobel Lecture, December 8, 1978
From Nobel Lectures , Physics 1971-1980. The Lecture in pdf-format Download
Adobe Acrobat Reader is free software that lets you view and print Adobe Portable Document Format (PDF) files. The Nobel Prize in Physics 1978
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Presentation Speech
Pyotr Kapitsa ...
Swedish Nobel Stamps
The 1978 Prize in:


Physiology or Medicine

Economic Sciences
Find a Laureate: Last modified September 25, 2002 The Official Web Site of The Nobel Foundation

3. Pyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa Winner Of The 1978 Nobel Prize In Physics
pyotr leonidovich kapitsa, a nobel Prize Laureate in Physics, at thenobel Prize Internet Archive. pyotr leonidovich kapitsa. 1978
1978 Nobel Laureate in Physics
    for his basic inventions and discoveries in the area of low-temperature physics

    Residence: USSR
    Affiliation: Academy of Sciences, Moscow
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4. Index Of Nobel Laureates In Physics
ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF nobel PRIZE LAUREATES IN PHYSICS. Name, Year Awarded. Alferov,Zhores I. 2000. KamerlinghOnnes, Heike, 1913. kapitsa, pyotr leonidovich, 1978.
Name Year Awarded Alferov, Zhores I. Alfven, Hannes Alvarez, Luis W. Anderson, Carl David ... Medicine We always welcome your feedback and comments

5. Kapitsa, Pyotr Leonidovich
kapitsa, pyotr leonidovich. pyotr L. kapitsa in his laboratory, 1933.UPI/CorbisBettmann. (b. July 8 June 26, Old Style, 1894
Kapitsa, Pyotr Leonidovich
Pyotr L. Kapitsa in his laboratory, 1933 UPI/Corbis-Bettmann (b. July 8 [June 26, Old Style], 1894, Kronshtadt, Russiad. April 8, 1984, Moscow), Soviet physicist who was a corecipient of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1978 for his research in magnetism and low-temperature physics. He discovered that helium II (the stable form of liquid helium below 2.174 K, or -270.976 C) has almost no viscosity ( i.e., resistance to flow). This property is called superfluidity . (The award was shared by astronomers Arno Penzias and Robert Woodrow Wilson for unrelated work.) Educated at the Petrograd Polytechnical Institute, Kapitsa remained there as a lecturer until 1921. After his first wife and their two small children died of illness during the chaos of the civil war that followed the Revolution, he went to England to study at the University of Cambridge. There he worked with Ernest Rutherford and became assistant director of magnetic research at the Cavendish Laboratory in 1924, designing apparatus that achieved a magnetic field of 500,000 gauss, which was not surpassed in strength until 1956. He was made a fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1925 and elected to the Royal Society in 1929, one of only a small number of foreigners to become a fellow. The Royal Society Mond Laboratory was built at Cambridge especially for him in 1932.

6. Nobel Prize Winners J-L
allocation of resources, kapitsa, pyotr leonidovich, 1978, physics,USSR, invention and application of helium liquefier, Karle, Jerome,
Article Year Category Country* Achievement Literary Area physiology/medicine France discoveries concerning regulatory activities of the body cells Jensen, J. Hans D. physics West Germany development of shell model theory of the structure of the atomic nuclei Jensen, Johannes V. literature Denmark novelist Jerne, Niels K. physiology/medicine U.K.-Denmark theory and development of a technique for producing monoclonal antibodies literature Spain poet Johnson, Eyvind literature Sweden novelist chemistry France synthesis of new radioactive elements Josephson, Brian D. physics U.K. tunneling in semiconductors and superconductors peace France Kamerlingh Onnes, Heike physics The Netherlands investigation into the properties of matter at low temperatures; production of liquid helium Kantorovich, Leonid Vitalyevich economics U.S.S.R. contributions to the theory of optimum allocation of resources Kapitsa, Pyotr Leonidovich physics U.S.S.R. invention and application of helium liquefier Karle, Jerome chemistry U.S.

7. Kapitsa, Pyotr Leonidovich. The American Heritage® Dictionary Of
kapitsa, pyotr leonidovich. SYLLABICATION Ka·pi·tsa. PRONUNCIATION kä py ts.DATES 1894–1984. Russian physicist. He shared a 1978 nobel Prize for his

8. Physics 1978
nobel Prize in Physics 19012000 http//, The nobel Prize in Physics1978. pyotr leonidovich kapitsa, Arno Allan Penzias, Robert Woodrow Wilson.

9. Jewish Nobel Prize Laureates - Physics
Year, nobel Laureate, Country of birth. 1978, kapitsa, pyotr leonidovich for hisbasic inventions and discoveries in the area of lowtemperature physics , Russia.
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Jewish Laureates of Nobel Prize in Physics
Year Nobel Laureate Country of birth Alferov, Zhores I.
"for basic work on information and communication technology" Russia Cohen-Tannoudji, Claude
"for development of methods to cool and trap atoms with laser light" Algeria Lee, David M.
"for their discovery of superfluidity in helium-3" USA Osheroff, Douglas D.
"for their discovery of superfluidity in helium-3" USA Perl, Martin L.
"for the discovery of the tau lepton " Russia Reines, Frederick
"for the detection of the neutrino" USA Charpak, Georges
"for his invention and development of particle detectors, in particular the multiwire proportional chamber" Poland Friedman, Jerome I.
"for their pioneering investigations concerning deep inelastic scattering of electrons on protons and bound neutrons, which have been of essential importance for the development of the quark model in particle physics" USA Lederman, Leon M.

10. Pictures Gallery Of The Nobel Prize Winners In Physics
Translate this page The nobel Prize in Physics. 1998. Robert B. Laughlin Horst L. Störmer Daniel C.Tsui 1978. pyotr leonidovich kapitsa Arno Allan Penzias Robert Woodrow Wilson

11. F&P Nobel Laureates
1978 PHYSICS. pyotr leonidovich kapitsa for his basic inventions and discoveriesin the area of lowtemperature physics The nobel Prize in Physics 1978.,mozilla,unix,engl
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Nobel Laureates
Below is a list of Nobel Laureates, starting with the most recent, that were either Russian or Soviet citizens at the time of their award. There is also a large number of Laureates that were born in Russia or the USSR but had relocated, either as children or far into their careers, to other countries at the time of their award. We have attempted to list the country correctly - Russia or the USSR - depending on the status of the country at the time of the laureate's birth and/or award.
2000 PHYSICS Zhores I. Alferov "for the development of semiconductor heterostructures used in high-speed- and opto-electronics"
  • Born: 1930. Vitebsk, Belorussia (then the USSR)
  • Education: Doctor's degree in physics and mathematics 1970 at A.F. Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute in St. Petersburg (then Leningrad)
  • Affiliation: Director of the Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute in St. Petersburg
      26 Polytekhnicheskaya
      St. Petersburg 194021 Russian Federation

12. Pyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa: Awards Won By Pyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa
123Awards hardwork is paid in form of awards. Awards of pyotr leonidovich kapitsa.OTHERnobel, 1978, PHYSICS. Enter Artist/Album. Partner Sites.
hardwork is paid in form of awards Awards of Pyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa OTHER-NOBEL PHYSICS Enter Artist/Album
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13. 1978 NOBLE Awards
CHEMISTRY, Peter D. Mitchell. PHYSICS, pyotr leonidovich kapitsa, Arno AllanPenzias, Robert Woodrow Wilson. PEACE, Mohamed Anwar alSadat, Menachem Begin.
hardwork is paid in form of awards 1978 OTHER - NOBLE Awards CHEMISTRY Peter D. Mitchell PHYSICS Pyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa Arno Allan Penzias Robert Woodrow Wilson PEACE Mohamed Anwar al-Sadat Menachem Begin ECONOMICS Herbert A. Simon LITERATURE Isaac Bashevis Singer MEDICINE Werner Arber Daniel Nathans Hamilton O. Smith Enter Artist/Album
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14. Nobel Prize Winners
3141, original, 6x6 cm. kapitsa pyotr leonidovich. 18941984. Physicist. NobelPrize winner (1978). Photo LAFOKI (author Nappelbaum), 1941, negative no.
LAFOKI Archive of Photodocuments
Nobel Prize winners
BASOV Nikolaj Gennadievich
born in 1922
Physicist. Corresponding member of Division for physico-mathematical science (physics), academician of Division for general and applied physics (experimental and theoretical physics). Nobel Prize winner (1964, in collaboration with A.M.Prokhorov , C.Townes).
Photo LAFOKI, negative no. , reproduction, 13x18 cm.
Photo LAFOKI, 1972, negative no. , original, 6x6 cm.
Nobel Prize winners academician N.G.Basov , academician N.N.Semyonov and academician A.M.Prokhorov
Photo LAFOKI, negative no. , reproduction, 13x18 cm.
CHERENKOV Pavel Alekseevich
Physicist. Corresponding member of Division for nuclear physics (nuclear physics), academician of the same Division (high-energy physics). Nobel Prize winner (1958, in collaboration with I.Ye.Tamm I.M.Frank
Photo LAFOKI, 1980, negative no. , original, 6x6 cm.
Photo LAFOKI, negative no. , reproduction, 13x18.
FRANK Ilja Mikhajlovich
Physicist. Corresponding member of Division for physico-mathematical science (nuclear physics, optics), academician of Division for nuclear physics. Nobel Prize winner (1958, in collaboration with I.Ye.Tamm

15. Physics - Fizika
1978 The prize was divided, one half being awarded to kapitsa, pyotr leonidovich,USSR,. A díj egyik felét kapta kapitsa, pyotr leonidovich, Szovjetunió,.
The prize was awarded by one half jointly to: BLOEMBERGEN , NICOLAAS, (1)
U.S.A., Harvard University, Cambridge, MA,
b. 1920 (in the Netherlands); SCHAWLOW , ARTHUR L., (2)
U.S.A., Stanford University, Stanford, CA,
b. 1921:
"for their contribution to the development of laser spectroscopy";
and the other half to: SIEGBAHN , KAIM.,
Sweden, Uppsala University, Uppsala,
b. 1918:
"for his contribution to the development of high-resolution electron spectroscopy" A díj egyik felét megosztva kapták: BLOEMBERGEN , NICOLAAS, (1)
U.S.A., Harward Egyetem, Cambridge, MA, 1920- (Hollandia) és SCHAWLOW , ARTHUR L., (2) U.S.A., Stanford Egyetem, Stanford, CA, “tudományos eredményeikért a lézer spektroszkópia fejlesztésében” és a másik felét: SIEGBAHN , KAIM, Svédország, Uppsala Egyetem, Uppsala, “tudományos eredményiért a nagy-felbontású elektronspektroszkópia fejlesztésében” The prize was divided equally between: ANDERSON , PHILIP W., U.S.A., MOTT , Sir NEVILL F., (photo) Great Britain, Cambridge University, Cambridge, b. 1905, d. 1996;

16. Kapitsa, Pyotr Leonidovich
Translate this page kapitsa, pyotr leonidovich (1894-1984). Physicien soviétique, spécialistedes basses températures, qui reçut le prix nobel de physique en 1978.
Kapitsa, Pyotr Leonidovich Physicien soviétique, spécialiste des basses températures, qui reçut le prix Nobel de physique en 1978. Il fit ses études à l'Institut polytechnique de Petrograd et il y enseigna l'ingénierie électrique. En 1921, il se rendit en Angleterre pour étudier à l'université de Cambridge. Peu après, il devint l'assistant d'Ernest Rutherford, directeur des recherches sur le magnétisme au laboratoire Cavendish. Quand Kapitsa retourna en URSS, en 1934, pour assister à une conférence scientifique, on lui interdit de quitter le pays. Il devint directeur de l'Institut des problèmes physiques de l'Académie des sciences d'URSS. Il est surtout connu pour ses réalisations dans le domaine de la liquéfaction des gaz, et en particulier pour la conception de méthodes simples de fabrication d'hélium et d'hydrogène liquides. Il fit également des recherches sur les effets des basses températures et des champs magnétiques élevés sur les métaux. En 1955, il fut nommé directeur du programme soviétique de satellite terrestre.

17. Physics
Themes Geography History History Prize Winners nobel Prize Physics. 1978,kapitsa, pyotr leonidovich Penzias, Arno Allan - Wilson, Robert Woodrow.

18. TUBITAK-GMBAE 1950-1999 Nobel Odulleri Listesi
kimya, ekonomi, fizyoloji ve tip alanlarinda nobel ödülü alan the discoveryof cosmic microwave background radiation. , pyotr leonidovich kapitsa; Arno A

19. Nobel Prize In Physics Winners 1999-
nobel Prize in Physics Winners 19991901. 1978, The prize was divided, one halfbeing awarded to pyotr leonidovich kapitsa for his basic inventions and

20. The Hindu : Nobel Laureates In Physics: Down Memory Lane
nobel Laureates in physics Down memory lane. 1978 pyotr leonidovich kapitsa forhis basic inventions and discoveries in the area of lowtemperature physics
Online edition of India's National Newspaper
Thursday, October 11, 2001
Front Page
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Nobel Laureates in physics: Down memory lane
2001 WOLFGANG KETTERLE, ERIC CORNELL AND CARL WEIMANN for their achievement of Bose-Einstein condensation in dilute gases of alkali atoms and for early fundamental studies of the properties of the condensates. 2000-1991 2000 ZHORES I. ALFEROV, and HERBERT KROEMER for developing semiconductor heterostructures used in high-speed- and opto- electronics and JACK ST. CLAIR KILBY for his part in invention of the integrated circuit. 1999 GERARDUS 'T HOOFT, and MARTINUS J.G. VELTMAN for elucidating the quantum structure of electroweak interactions in physics. 1998 ROBERT B. LAUGHLIN, HORST L. STORMER and DANIEL C. TSUI for their discovery of a new form of quantum fluid with fractionally charged excitations. 1997 STEVEN CHU, CLAUDE COHEN-TANNOUDJI and WILLIAM D. PHILLIPS for development of methods to cool and trap atoms with laser light. 1996 DAVID M. LEE, DOUGLAS D. OSHEROFF and ROBERT C. RICHARDSON for their discovery of superfluidity in helium-3.

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