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61. Language In Child And Chimp?
General commentary on ape language with transcripts of chats with apes and interviews with ape language Category Science Social Sciences Ape Sign Language...... Ask yourself how different is an enculturated ape's use of human language from thatof (And speaking of exceptional, what is the variability in apes performance
General information and commentary on the issues ( revised ,4/00) BUT before you move on to apes, ask yourself: What is human language? What are its functions ? What are the descriptive facts of human language acquisition by humans. Equipped with even cursory answers to these basic questions, you can proceed to the question of non-human use of human-based language codes. Ask yourself how different is an enculturated ape's use of human language from that of an exceptional dog like Fellow or parrot like Alex? (And speaking of exceptional, what is the variability in apes performance? One of the remarkable facts of human language acquisition, is that it is very uniform across a wide range of children and experiences. This may reflect the much less genetic variability of humans in contrast to other large primates.) Finally what we can begin to speculate on what kind of genetic changes might have occurred to evolve language in concert with evolving culture. (See Limber, 1982

62. An Fear Rua - The GAA Unplugged
Brothers based in Mater Dei College, in upstate New York, in the USA – waspreviously known to many in academia for his work with enculturated apes.

63. Suche - Language: Englisch - Science - A
Translate this page , Animal Biology. •, Anomalies in Science. •, Anthropology. •, apes, enculturated.•, Apiculture. •, Applied Anthropology. •, Aquatic Ecology. •, Arachnids.
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64. MITECS: Primate Cognition
and ST Parker, Eds., Reaching into Thought The Minds of the Great apes. learningof actions on objects by children, chimpanzees and enculturated chimpanzees.
Primate Cognition
Ludwig Wittgenstein remarked that if lions could speak we would not understand them. David Premack (1986), following this conceptual thread, commented that if chickens had syntax they would have nothing much to say. The first comment raises a methodological challenge, the second a conceptual one. Studies of primate cognition have faced both.
See also
Additional links
Marc D. Hauser
Boysen, S. T. (1996). "More is less": The distribution of rule-governed resource distribution in chimpanzees. In A. E. Russon, K. A. Bard, and S. T. Parker, Eds., Reaching into Thought: The Minds of the Great Apes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 177-189. Byrne, R. W., and A. Russon. (Forthcoming). Learning by imitation: A hierarchical approach. Behavioral and Brain Sciences Byrne, R. W., and A. Whiten. (1988).

65. Publications Years 1995-1999
attention and imitative learning in children, chimpanzees and enculturated chimpanzees. Rumbaugh,ES (1996) Biobehavioral roots of language Words, apes, and a

Publications Publications from 1995 - 1999
Go to
Self-awareness in animals and humans: Developmental perspectives American Journal of Primatology Language and Communication Social Development American Journal on Mental Retardation Childhood Language Disorders (pp. 218-234). New York: Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc. Communicative alternatives to challenging behavior: Integrating functional assessment and intervention strategies American Journal on Mental Retardation Rumbaugh, D. M. (1995). On Books. [Emergence of relations and the essence of learning: A review of Sidman's equivalence relations and behavior: A research story]. Behavior Analyst Rumbaugh, D. M. (1995). Primate language and cognition: Common ground. Social Research Attention, memory and executive function (pp. 199-219). Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brookes. Kanzi: The Ape at the Brink of the Human Mind ]. Munchen: Droemer Knaur.

Fields EMF@ 74 Electromagnetism@ 150 Electron Microscopy@ 12 Electronics@1,486, Employment for Scientists@ 148 enculturated apes@ 19 Endocrine

67. S. Shanker | Department Of Philosophy - York University
E. Sue SavageRumbaugh, Stuart G. Shanker, and Talbot J. Taylor, apes, Language and worldinto which the child is entering is a reflexively enculturated world.
S428 Ross Building
4700 Keele Street
Toronto, Ontario M3J 1P3
Office Phone: (416) 736-5113 S. Shanker Position: Professor Room number: 207 Atkinson Phone: email address: Personal Homepage: Education: 1975: B.A. English Literature, University of Toronto
1977: B.A. Philosophy, Politics, and Economics, Oxford
1978: M.A. English Literature, University of Toronto
1981: B.Phil. Philosophy, Oxford
1984: D.Phil. Philosophy, Oxford. D. Phil thesis: 'Wittgenstein and the Turning Point in the Philosophy of Mathematics' Research Interests
Ape Language, Origins of Language, Language Acuisition, Abnormal Language Development, Autism. Selected Bibliography
'Wittgenstein versus Quine on the Nature of Language and Cognition'
, in Wittgenstein and Quine, R.L. Arrington and H.J. Glock (eds). London, Routledge, 1996.
'Descartes' Legacy: The Mechanist/Vitalist Debates', in Philosophy of Science, Logic, and Mathematics in the 20th Century, in Stuart Shanker (Ed), Routledge History of Philosophy, vol. IX. London, Routledge, 1997.

68. Studies Of Animal Cognition
Tomasello, M. Call, J. (1994) Social cognition of monkeys and apes. learning ofactions on objects by children, chimpanzees, and enculturated chimpanzees.
STUDIES OF ANIMAL COGNITION Return to Index Adams-Curtis, L.E. (1987) Social context of manipulative behaviour in Cebus apella. American Journal of Primatology 12:325. Allen, C., " Animal cognition and animal minds Allen, C., and Bekoff, M. (1997) Species of Mind . Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. Anderson, J. R. (1983) Responses to mirror image stimulation and assessment of self-recognition in mirror- and peer-reared stumptail macaques. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 35(b):201-212. Beck, B.B. (1976) Tool use by captive pigtaied monkeys. Primates 17:301-310. Beckoff, M., and D. Jameison. (1996). Readings in Animal Cognition. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Bennett, J. (1988). Thoughtful brutes. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 62: 196 - 211. Bickerton, D. (1990) Language and Species. University of Chicago Press. Chalmers, David. 1999. Bibliography on Animal cognition Cheney, D. L., Seyfarth, R. M. (1980) Vocal recognition in free-ranging vervet monkeys. Animal Behaviour 288:362-367. Dasser, V. (1988) A social concept in Java monkeys. Animal Behaviour 36:225-230.

69. MESSAGES.TERADEX.COM - Science/Tech/Social Sciences/Anthropology
Biological Anthropology, Organizations, Cultural Anthropology, Publications,enculturated apes, MESSAGES / Science/Tech / Social Sciences / Anthropology.
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70. Untitled
Click on The apes for detailed biographies, pictures, research findings and more twoyear old male orangutan who was crossfostered, enculturated and taught

71. The Village Voice: Education: Education Supplement - Summer 2002: Chimp Change B
Freeing captive apes would effectively authorize their extinction of them rescuedfrom adverse environments, and all of them beloved—are enculturated for the

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Education Supplement - Summer 2002
by Jessica Winter
Chimp Change August 7 - 13, 2002 (illustration: Anthony Freda) hen Marc Jurnove first visited the Long Island Game Farm Park and Zoo in the spring of 1995, he found Barney, a chimpanzee, living in bleak isolation, with only a swing to distract him and no other chimps in sight. Concerned, Jurnove sought legal action. However, the case that followed, Animal Legal Defense Fund v. Glickman (1998), did not focus on Barney's psychological well-being, oddly enough, but that of his human observer. As one of the deciding judges wrote, "Mr. Jurnove's affidavit is an uncontested statement of the injuries that he has suffered to his aesthetic interest in observing animals living under humane conditions." Of course, none of the interested parties in this case were actually convinced that animal welfare is merely a matter of taste. But the notion of "aesthetic injury" is just one means of circumventing a hard legal fact: Property can't sue, thus neither can animals, nor can a guardian

72. Malinda J Carpenter
Do apes and children know what they have seen? Joint attention and imitativelearning in children, chimpanzees, and enculturated chimpanzees.
Malinda J. Carpenter Department of Developmental and Comparative Psychology
Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology

Inselstrasse 22
D-04103 Leipzig, Germany

EDUCATION Emory University: Ph.D., Psychology, 1995 M.A., Psychology, 1993 University of Florida: B.A., French and Psychology, 1990
  • imitation and other types of social learning understanding of others' intentions and other mental states joint attention and other early social-cognitive skills typically-developing infants and young children, young children with autism, and apes

PUBLICATIONS Child Development, 67 Imitation in animals and artifacts (pp. 211-228). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Animal Cognition, 4 Infant Behavior and Development, 21 Infant development: The essential readings (pp. 295-318). Oxford: Blackwell. Developmental Science, 5, British Journal of Developmental Psychology Child Development, 73, Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 63 (4, Serial No. 255). Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 32

73. Dynamic Directory - Science - E
Electromagnetism@ (150); Electron Microscopy@ (12); Electronics@ (1,486).Employment for Scientists@ (148); enculturated apes@ (19); Endocrine
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74. Zoology Projects
Bivalvia; Brachiopoda; Bryozoa; Cephalopoda; Chilopoda; Chordata; Crustacea;Diplopoda; Echinodermata; enculturated apes; Endocrinology; Echiura;
The scientific study of animals and their environment.
  • Amphibians
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  • Aardwolves
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  • Annelida
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  • Enculturated Apes
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  • Lophophorates
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  • Vertebrate Anatomy
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  • Zooarchaeology Click here to go back to the projects page Click here to go back to our home page
  • 75. Bomis Search Results: Planetofthe Apes
    ring. Based on data from Mozilla. 60, The Science/Social Sciences/Anthropology/EnculturatedApes ring. Based on data from Mozilla. 48, Apes&src=bomis_wiki

    76. Jim Davies: Primatech
    A cognitive model of Chantek, a signing orangutan, for an installation at Zoo Atlanta.Category Science Social Sciences Ape Sign Language...... please contact Jim Davies ( Web links for enculturatedand signing apes; Online American Sign Language Dictionary;
    The goal of this project is to create an installation that simulates talking to a sign-language using orangutan. Please read the The June 1999 report and look at the diagram for a good overview. If you would like to contribute to this project, please contact Jim Davies (

    77. Radio List - The Biggest Internet Radio Stations List On The Net !!!! Enculturat
    net. Updated DAILY !!!! . Click Here To Bookmark This Site ! TopScienceSocialSciencesAnthropologyEnculturated apes See Also
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    Language in apes How Much Do They Know and How Much Should We Teach Them Introductoryoverview of ape language research, its history and its practice.

    79. Michael Tomasello
    Joint attention and imitative learning in children, chimpanzees, and enculturatedchimpanzees. Social Development, 4, 1837. Tomasello, M. (1996). Do apes ape?
    Michael Tomasello
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology
    Inselstrasse 22
    D-04103 Leipzig
    Phone: Fax: E-Mail: Office: K 16 Department: Developmental and Comparative Psychology
    • Curriculum Vitae Description of Research Interests Selected Publications
      Curriculum Vitae:
      DUKE UNIVERSITY, B.A. Psychology, 1972
      UNIVERSITY OF GEORGIA, Ph.D. Experimental Psychology, 1980 EMPLOYMENT Assistant-Associate-Full Professor of Psychology Adjunct Professor of Anthropology, EMORY UNIVERSITY 1982-present Affiliate Scientist, Psychobiology, YERKES PRIMATE CENTER 1998-present Co-Director, MAX PLANCK INSTITUTE FOR EVOLUTIONARY ANTHROPOLOGY 1999-present Honorary Professor, Psychology, UNIVERSITY OF LEIPZIG 1999-present Honorary Professor, Psychology, MANCHESTER UNIVERSITY Ad Hoc Visiting Scholar, HARVARD UNIVERSITY Instructor, INTERNATIONAL COGNITIVE SCIENCE INSTITUTE Visiting Fellow, BRITISH PSYCHOLOGICAL SOCIETY

    80. Scholarly Interests, 4/98
    Deferred imitation of objectrelated actions in enculturated, juvenile greatapes. Paper presented at Conference on Human Development, Mobile, AL.

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