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         Philon Of Byzantium:     more detail
  1. Philon of Byzantium: An entry from Gale's <i>Science and Its Times</i> by P. Andrew Karam, 2001
  2. Philons Belopoiika; viertes Buch der Mechanik. Griechisch und deutsch von H. Diels und E. Schramm (German Edition)

41. A Visit To Verdi
Daedalus attributes the notion to philon of byzantium, of the second century BC.)The vessel needs merely to anchor itself in a good magic aura, and it is well
A Visit to Verdi
Recently, my researches in Terram magicks led me down the course of Theophrastus' work on gems and minerals. Since the life that gems possess is normally extremely subtle and slow in nature, I experimentally researching a spell to speed the reproduction and development of gemstones in hopes of producing specimens of excellent magical properties. I decided that a proper test would require a fair number of gems of different types to support a breeding population. Since the Roman Tribunal offers an excellent price in silver for vis and the Aristeia can easily make eight hundred miles in a single day, I judged it expedient to make a quick trip to sell vis at Verdi, Domus Magnus of House Verditius, in the ten days between seasons. My sodalis Corvus d'Arezzo of Jerbiton accompanied me, as he was also in need of cash. Finding the place itself was a bit tricky, given that the covenant is protected by The Shrouded Glen . Fortunately, Amurgsval is also so warded, and the tricks of paying attention to landmarks and so on are useful in both places. Still, if such directions were not made available to those stopping by Verdi's townhouse in Venice, the place would be very difficult to find. Verdi itself is an impressive covenant. It is located in a valley hidden in the eastern mountains of the island of Sardinia, off the western coast of Italy; it is not far from a well-concealed harbor on the Tyrrhenian Sea. The place appears to show considerable inspiration from the height of the Roman Empire. There is a small lake above the covenant that feeds an aqueduct which, in turn, provides running water for all the buildings of Verdi; the overflow spills down to reach the harbour a few miles away.

42. Automata History
220BC philon of byzantium took the principals of pneumatics used bythe Egyptians to power many of his mechanical devises. He was page.htm
The following is a short description of the history of automata. It can be broken down into 3 rough time frames, Ancient History, 15th-19th Century and Modern times. ANCIENT HISTORY The first Automata was created by GOD. According to Talmundic tradition, Adam was created in 5 hours. In the first, his dust was gathered from all parts of the world; In the second, it was kneaded into a shapeless mass (Golem); In the third, his limbs were shaped; In the fourth, a soul was infused into him; In the fifth, he arose and stood on his feet.
"And God formed man of the dust of the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul." Genesis. Chapter II. Mythology has many stories about automata, some a wild and fanciful, others may have been based on fact. We can not say for sure what is fact or fiction, so what follows is a description of some of the more exciting reference to mythological automata which are based on accounts from the Ancient Greeks.
Prometheus was reputed to have made the first man and women on earth, with clay animated by fire and stolen from heaven.

43. A Brief History Of Feedback Control - Chapter 1
flush toilet. A float regulator was used by philon of byzantium in250 to keep a constant level of oil in a lamp. During the first
Reprinted by permission from Chapter 1: Introduction to Modern Control Theory, in:
F.L. Lewis, Applied Optimal Control and Estimation, Prentice-Hall, 1992.
  • Outline
  • A Brief History of Automatic Control
    • Water Clocks of the Greeks and Arabs
    • The Industrial Revolution
    • The Millwrights
    • Temperature Regulators
    • Float Regulators
    • Pressure Regulators
    • Centrifugal Governors
    • The Pendule Sympathique
    • The Birth of Mathematical Control Theory
    • Differential Equations
    • Stability Theory
    • System Theory
    • Mass Communication and The Bell Telephone System
    • Frequency-Domain Analysis
    • The World Wars and Classical Control
    • Ship Control
    • Weapons Development and Gun Pointing
    • M.I.T. Radiation Laboratory
    • Stochastic Analysis
    • The Classical Period of Control Theory
    • The Space/Computer Age and Modern Control
    • Time-Domain Design For Nonlinear Systems
    • Sputnik - 1957
    • Navigation
    • Optimality In Natural Systems
    • Optimal Control and Estimation Theory
    • Nonlinear Control Theory
    • Computers in Controls Design and Implementation
    • The Development of Digital Computers
    • Digital Control and Filtering Theory
    • The Personal Computer
    • The Union of Modern and Classical Control
  • The Philosophy of Classical Control
  • The Philosophy of Modern Control
  • References
Outline In this chapter we introduce modern control theory by two approaches. First, a short history of automatic control theory is provided. Then, we describe the philosophies of classical and modern control theory.

44. Recorder : University Of Liverpool Alumni Magazine
up the Seven Wonders of the World was compiled not by a single author, but over aperiod of time by writers such as Antipater of Sidon and philon of byzantium.
The University of Liverpool Alumni Magazine October 2001 issue 123
The Eighth Wonder of the Ancient World? There are clearly many beautiful ancient ruins that are not included in the top seven, but how does one get to be an actual bone fide Wonder of the World? And if there were to be a number eight, what would it be?
The literary men who were the authors of the ancient world, liked nothing better that to show off their extensive knowledge with a good list, genealogy or similar classification of their own invention. The particular list of names that makes up the Seven Wonders of the World was compiled not by a single author, but over a period of time by writers such as Antipater of Sidon and Philon of Byzantium. There was general consent between the ancients on what the first six should be. Nobody's going to argue to the Great Pyramid, for example, are they? However, it was only at the end of the sixth century AD that a seventh wonder was agreed upon and the Lighthouse at Alexandria finally bumped the other contenders, the City Walls of Babylon and the Palace of Cyrus, out of the running. But if there were to be an eighth wonder, which of the many splendid buildings of the ancient world should it be? A hot contender in anyone's book would surely be the Oracle of Apollo at Didyma.

45. ThinkQuest Library Of Entries
poet named Antipater. Antipater was followed by others such as theGreek engineer and mathematician philon of byzantium. It is not
Welcome to the ThinkQuest Internet Challenge of Entries
The web site you have requested, The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World , is one of over 4000 student created entries in our Library. Before using our Library, please be sure that you have read and agreed to our To learn more about ThinkQuest. You can browse other ThinkQuest Library Entries To proceed to The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World click here Back to the Previous Page The Site you have Requested ...
The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World
click here to view this site
A ThinkQuest Internet Challenge 1998 Entry
Click image for the Site Languages : Site Desciption The Hanging Gardens of Babylon. The Lighthouse of Alexandria. The Pyramids of Giza. Most people came name a few of the seven wonders of the ancient world. Learn about all of them, plus take a quick refresher course on Greek mythology, all at the same site! There are also crossword puzzles and other games once you no longer wonder about the wonders.
Students Lisa Windsor High School
CT, United States Katherine Windsor High School
CT, United States

46. Innovative Engineers Of Renaissance - Bibliography
Translate this page philon of byzantium, 1899. Pneumatica, in Opera quae supersunt, edited by W.Schmidt, I, Leipzig, pp. 1-333. philon of byzantium, 1974. Pneumatica.
Istituto e Museo di Storia della Scienza, Florence, Italy
Mechanical Marvels - Entrance Bibliography Adams N., 1984. "Architecture for fish: the Sienese dam on the Bruna river. Structures and design, 1468-ca.1530", Technology and culture , XXV, 4, pp. 768-97.
Adams N., 1985. "The life and times of Pietro dell'Abaco, a Renaissance estimator from Siena (active 1457-1486)", , XLVIII, 1, pp. 384-95.
Alberti L.B., 1966. L'architettura , edited by G. Orlandi, introduction and notes by P. Portoghesi, Milan.
Angelini A., 1993. "Senesi a Urbino", in Francesco di Giorgio , 19931, pp. 332-45.
Angelucci A., 1869-1870. Documenti inediti per la storia delle armi da fuoco italiane... , 2 vols., Turin (facsim. ed. Graz 1972).
Ascheri M., 1985. Siena nel Rinascimento. Istituzioni e sistema politico , Siena.
Ascheri M., 1989. "Siena nel Quattrocento: una riconsiderazione", in K. Christiansen, L.B. Kanter, C. Brandonstrehlke, La pittura senese nel Rinascimento , Cinisello Balsamo, pp. xix-lvi.

by W. Schmidt; contains the Pneumatica and Automata, the fragment on Water Clocks,the De ingeniis spiritualibus of philon of byzantium and extracts on
HERO—HEROD HERO, THE YOUNGER, the name given without any sufficient reason to a Byzantine land-surveyor who wrote (about A.D. 938) a treatise on land-surveying modelled on the works of Hero ol Alexandria, especially the Dioplra. See " Geodesic de Heron de Byzance," published by Vincent in Notices et extraits des manuscrits de la Bibliotheque Imperiale, xix. 2 (Paris, 1858), and T. H. Martin in Memoires presentes a I' Academie des Inscriptions, 1st series, iv. (Paris, 1854). HEROD, the name borne by the princes of a dynasty which reigned in Judaea from 40 B.C. HEROD (surnamed THE GREAT), the son of Antipater, who supported Hyrcanus II. against Aristobulus II. with the aid firsi of the Nabataean Arabs and then of Rome. The family seems to have been of Idumaean origin, so that its members were liable to the reproach of being half-Jews or even foreigners. Justin Martyr has a tradition that they were originally Philistines of Ascalon (Dial. c. 52), and on the other hand Nicolaus of Damascus (apud Jos. Ant. xiv. i. 3) asserted that Herod, his royal patron, was descended from the Jews who first returned from the Babylonian Captivity. The tradition and the assertion are in all probability :qually fictitious and proceed respectively'from the foes and the 'riends of the Herodian dynasty.

48. Philon
philon of byzantium. Born about 280 BC in Byzantium (now Turkey) Died about220 BC. Only a few references to philon of byzantium exist in the literature.

49. The Chevron Cars -The Seven Great Wonders
philon of byzantium once wrote about the great temple I have seen the wallsand Hanging Gardens of ancient Babylon, the statue of Olympian Zeus, the

50. Theory And Practice
And gears were described by philon of byzantium in 300 BC to lift heavy weights.Gears were not found very much because they were rather difficult to make.
Next: How This Exhibit Works Up: Thousand to One Gears Previous: Overview of Exhibit
Theory and Practice
Gears come in a variety of sizes and with both straight and curved edges at different angles. In all cases, gears are used to transmit motion and force in machines. Gears can be used to increase or decrease force as well as increase or decrease speed. Arranging different types and configurations of gears customize the need. Despite the seemingly limitless variety of gears, there are only four basic types. They all act so that one gear wheel turns faster or slower than the other, or moves in a different direction. A difference in speed between two gears produces a change in the force transmitted. The four basic (straight) gear types are:
  • Spur Gears (Gears intermesh in same plane; regulate the speed or force of motion and reversing its direction. They are the most common looking type of gear. A good example is a watch. Another good example is a hand-held crank can opener.)
  • Bevel Gears (Two wheels intermesh at an angle to change the direction of rotation, also altering speed and force if necessary. Sometimes these are known as pinion and crown wheel, or pinion and ring gear. They resemble a "coolie hat" with the top cut off. A hand held rotary eggbeater frequently uses bevel gears.)

51. BGreek: "Englished" Version Of PEIRAZW Text
1.495; 246; 3.10), the technological writer philon of byzantium Philo Mechanichus(Belopoecia 50.34; 51.9), and by the author (PseudoCallisthenes) of the
"Englished" Version of PEIRAZW text
From: Jeffrey Gibson (
Date: Sat Jul 05 1997 - 11:40:32 EDT List Members
As will be known by list members who have taken the time to look
through my recent posting on the use and meaning of
PEIRAZW/EKPEIRAZW, this posting contained many sections of Greek
text which I had not transliterated and which consequently (given
how my server turns Greek into garbage) were virtually unreadable.
I therefore inadvertently made useless (if not downright irritating
and confusing) something I intended to be helpful in providing the
data necessary for answering Jonathan's question of the meaning of
PEIRASMOS in Matt 6:13//Lk. 11:4. Since then I have taken the time to transliterate all of these sections, and at the suggestion of Carl Conrad and Edward Hobbs and

52. Greek Democracy
Hypatia Hypsicles Leucippus Marinus of Neapolis Menaechmus Menelaus Nicomachus NicomedesOenopides of Chios Pappus Perseus philon of byzantium Plato Proclus
The Democratic foundation established by the ancient Greeks Abstract: Our integrated project blends the subjects of math and history. Since two of our group members never bothered to show up these are the only two subjects we will be covering, with the two history majors focusing on religion and government respectively. The math portion will focus on famous Greek mathematicians. With the help of a special education major, we will alter the plan to cater to the needs of special needs students.
I plan to use the week to explain how the ancient Greeks introduced a democratic form of government. This was a revolutionary form of rule in a world of dictators and tyrants. Throughout the week the class will learn about the origins of Greek democracy and its prominent figures. We will then compare and contrast the Greek form of democracy to the one used in our own government. We will also be discussing the possible reasons why democracy failed in Greece and if it seems possible for the United States to suffer the same fate. Names and Majors of the Team Members:
  • Clint Shewmaker- History Education Brandon Schoenman- History Education Jose Gonzalez- Mathematics Education Tom Witschi- Special Education
Subjects Integrated:
  • History/ Government: The Democratic foundation established by the ancient Greeks History: Greek Gods Math: The Mathematical foundations that was built by the Greeks
  • Upon completion of this lesson, participating students will be able to note five key similarities between the ancient Greek democracy and the democracy of the United States.

53. An Untitled Web Page
Greece is well known for their very talented and intelligent inventors; Archimedes,Heron of Alexandria, and philon of byzantium were the most well known.Some
Greece is well known for their very talented and intelligent inventors; Archimedes, Heron of Alexandria, and Philon of Byzantium were the most well known.Some of the most famous inventions made by the Greeks were... A huge screw to draw water from the river to water their fields also there were catapaults and crossbows, which shot stones and arrows farther than any human could throw (Ideal for attacking cities and ships.) The Greeks also invented slot machines that were designed for use in temples, in return for putting a coin in the slot, worshippers received some holy water for washing their faces and hands before they went inside. The invention of the steam engine had a great impact on transportation today. The first person to realize the usefulness of steam power was the Greek engineer Heron of Alexandria. It worked like this; water was heated in a caldron , making steam which went up a pipe into a globe. The steam was forced out another pipe, making the globe spin around at a very, very fast speed Below is a picture of the steam engine, created by Heron of Alexandria.

54. Ancient Fortifications And Artillery
Hero of Alexandria and philon of byzantium (both 3 rd century BC) left behind writingsabout catapult design and construction that have survived to this day.
A Survey of Ancient Fortification and Artillery Technology By Peter Lok Introduction Fortification walls were built to protect cities and towns. Defensive walls protected the defenders and kept attackers out at a large disadvantage. This development began an arms race that lasted until modern gun artillery was developed, effectively rendering large walls obsolete. After fortification walls were developed, the advantage lay with the defender. The best way to take a defensive wall is to not have to fight for it. The fifth column approach via spies, bribes, traitors, or guile is still the best approach. The weakest part of any security is always the human being in the chain. Phillip II of Macedon's favourite method of taking a city was to see if gold could bring the walls down. Using the Trojan Horse to gain entrance to Troy is the classic story of subterfuge when it was clear the city could not be taken by force. The Mongol's also used fear to cause some cities to throw open their gates without a fight after they made examples of cities that resisted their might. If other methods fail to take the defences, the attacker must either scale the wall, knock a hole in the wall or gate, or besiege the defenders until they surrendered. Siege artillery and engines were then developed to assist in penetrating these walls.
  • Supplies from going in or out.
  • 55. The Seven Wonders Of The Ancient World The Temple Of Artemis
    There was no doubt that the temple was one of the most glorious structures in allthe world, so much so that philon of byzantium wrote, I have seen the walls

    56. Colossus Of Rhodes
    philon of byzantium in 146 BC was the first person to write of the Seven Wondersof the World in essence marking them all for admiration and respect.

    57. Mathem_abbrev
    Pacioli, Luca Pappus of Alexandria Pascal, Blaise Peacock, George Peano, GiuseppePell, Anna (Wheeler) Perron, Oskar Perseus philon of byzantium Pieri, Mario
    Mathematician Report Index Below is a list of mathematicians. You may choose from this list or report on a mathematician not listed here. In either case, you must discuss with me the mathematician you have chosen prior to starting your report. No two students may write a report on the same mathematician. I would advise you to go to the library before choosing your topic as there might not be much information on the mathematician you have chosen. Also, you should determine the topic early in the term so that you can "lock-in" your report topic!! The report must include: 1. The name of the mathematician. 2. The years the mathematician was alive. 3. A biography. 4. The mathematician's major contribution(s) to mathematics and an explanation of the importance. 5. A historical perspective during the time the mathematician was alive.
    Some suggestions on the historical perspective might be:
    (a) Any wars etc.
    (b) Scientific breakthroughs of the time
    (c) Major discoveries of the time
    (d) How did this mathematician change history etc.

    58. HomeLAN Tips Tricks Newsletter - 01.09.2003
    Wonder World In 200 BC, philon of byzantium proposed a list of humancivilization's most masterful architectural accomplishments.

    59. MUSIC
    About a century and a half before the birth of Christ, a celebrated Greek mathematiciannamed philon of byzantium wrote a little treatise called De Septem
    About GCC Worship Music ... This Week FIDELITY IN LITTLENESS
    Rev. Dr. Howard W. Roberts
    Glenview Community Church
    November 17, 2002
    Do you ever repeat yourself? Do you ever tell the same story more than once? The real test is do you know when you tell the same story more than once? I heard about a congregation who called a new senior minister. The senior minister delivered his first sermon and the congregation was pleased. The second Sunday the senior minister delivered the same sermon. People were a bit concerned but no one said anything to the senior minister although they said a lot to each other. The third Sunday the senior minister delivered, you got it, the same sermon. Well, the Chairperson of the Search Committee was getting very nervous and receiving lots of telephone calls. He was appointed informally to talk with the senior minister. It seems to us that you have delivered the same sermon three consecutive Sundays. Is that true? And the senior minister responded that indeed he had delivered the same sermon three successive Sundays.

    60. -=--== [ More Than You Ever Wanted ]==-=-
    and birds that sang. philon of byzantium (220200 BC) supposedly createdperforming statues that were powered entirely by water.
    1. The word "robot" is Slav and means work or worker 2. Robotics is the study of mechanical devices that function as some part or all of the human body. 3. There are three types of robots. Androids are robots intended to look like human beings. A cyborg (CYbernetic ORGanism) is a human being with artificial organs or parts, or a robot with a human brain. I think that is very stupid though and don't count them. Droids are robots governed by the three laws of robotics (see #9) and totally devoted to their human masters. 4. There are about 200,000 robots operating in the world (by a 1995 estimate) 5. Today's robots are called the first generation robots. They typically work in factories perfoming precise and/or repetitve tasks such as welding, drilling, lifting, spray painting and other functions. They also help build other robots, so one could say that robots reproduce. That would make one an idiot though, wouldn't it? 6. Second generation robots are being developed now and should eventually be able to:

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