Pyotr Kapitsa - Biography pyotr kapitsa Biography. Pjotr leonidovich kapitsa was born in Kronstadt, nearLeningrad, on the 9th Collected Papers of PL kapitsa, 3 vol., Pergamon Press http://www.nobel.se/physics/laureates/1978/kapitsa-bio.html
Extractions: Kapitsa began his scientific career in A.F. Ioffe's section of the Electromechanics Department of the Petrograd Polytechnical Institute, completing his studies in 1918. Here, jointly with N.N. Semenov, he proposed a method for determining the magnetic moment of an atom interacting with an inhomogeneous magnetic field. This method was later used in the celebrated Stern-Gerlach experiments. At the suggestion of A.F. Ioffe in 1921 Kapitsa came to the Cavendish Laboratory to work with Rutherford. In 1923 he made the first experiment in which a cloud chamber was placed in a strong magnetic field, and observed the bending of alfa-particle paths. In 1924 he developed methods for obtaining very strong magnetic fields and produced fields up to 320 kilogauss in a volume of 2 cm . In 1928 he discovered the linear dependence of resistivity on magnetic field for various metals placed in very strong magnetic fields. In his last years in Cambridge Kapitsa turned to low temperature research. He began with a critical analysis of the methods that existed at the time for obtaining low temperatures and developed a new and original apparatus for the liquefaction of helium based on the adiabatic principle (1934).
Pyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa - Nobel Lecture pyotr kapitsa nobel Lecture. Plasma and the controlled thermonuclearreaction. pyotr kapitsa Biography nobel Lecture Banquet Speech. http://www.nobel.se/physics/laureates/1978/kapitsa-lecture.html
Index Of Nobel Laureates In Physics ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF nobel PRIZE LAUREATES IN PHYSICS. Name, Year Awarded. Alferov,Zhores I. 2000. KamerlinghOnnes, Heike, 1913. kapitsa, pyotr leonidovich, 1978. http://almaz.com/nobel/physics/alpha.html
Kapitsa, Pyotr Leonidovich kapitsa, pyotr leonidovich. pyotr L. kapitsa in his laboratory, 1933.UPI/CorbisBettmann. (b. July 8 June 26, Old Style, 1894 http://www.britannica.com/nobel/micro/313_26.html
Extractions: Pyotr L. Kapitsa in his laboratory, 1933 UPI/Corbis-Bettmann (b. July 8 [June 26, Old Style], 1894, Kronshtadt, Russiad. April 8, 1984, Moscow), Soviet physicist who was a corecipient of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1978 for his research in magnetism and low-temperature physics. He discovered that helium II (the stable form of liquid helium below 2.174 K, or -270.976 C) has almost no viscosity ( i.e., resistance to flow). This property is called superfluidity . (The award was shared by astronomers Arno Penzias and Robert Woodrow Wilson for unrelated work.) Educated at the Petrograd Polytechnical Institute, Kapitsa remained there as a lecturer until 1921. After his first wife and their two small children died of illness during the chaos of the civil war that followed the Revolution, he went to England to study at the University of Cambridge. There he worked with Ernest Rutherford and became assistant director of magnetic research at the Cavendish Laboratory in 1924, designing apparatus that achieved a magnetic field of 500,000 gauss, which was not surpassed in strength until 1956. He was made a fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1925 and elected to the Royal Society in 1929, one of only a small number of foreigners to become a fellow. The Royal Society Mond Laboratory was built at Cambridge especially for him in 1932.
Nobel Prize Winners J-L allocation of resources, kapitsa, pyotr leonidovich, 1978, physics,USSR, invention and application of helium liquefier, Karle, Jerome, http://www.britannica.com/nobel/win_j-l.html
Extractions: Article Year Category Country* Achievement Literary Area physiology/medicine France discoveries concerning regulatory activities of the body cells Jensen, J. Hans D. physics West Germany development of shell model theory of the structure of the atomic nuclei Jensen, Johannes V. literature Denmark novelist Jerne, Niels K. physiology/medicine U.K.-Denmark theory and development of a technique for producing monoclonal antibodies literature Spain poet Johnson, Eyvind literature Sweden novelist chemistry France synthesis of new radioactive elements Josephson, Brian D. physics U.K. tunneling in semiconductors and superconductors peace France Kamerlingh Onnes, Heike physics The Netherlands investigation into the properties of matter at low temperatures; production of liquid helium Kantorovich, Leonid Vitalyevich economics U.S.S.R. contributions to the theory of optimum allocation of resources Kapitsa, Pyotr Leonidovich physics U.S.S.R. invention and application of helium liquefier Karle, Jerome chemistry U.S.
Physics 1978 nobel Prize in Physics 19012000 http//www.nobel.se, The nobel Prize in Physics1978. pyotr leonidovich kapitsa, Arno Allan Penzias, Robert Woodrow Wilson. http://physics.uplb.edu.ph/laureates/1978/
Jewish Nobel Prize Laureates - Physics Year, nobel Laureate, Country of birth. 1978, kapitsa, pyotr leonidovich for hisbasic inventions and discoveries in the area of lowtemperature physics , Russia. http://www.science.co.il/Nobel-Physics.asp
Pictures Gallery Of The Nobel Prize Winners In Physics Translate this page The nobel Prize in Physics. 1998. Robert B. Laughlin Horst L. Störmer Daniel C.Tsui 1978. pyotr leonidovich kapitsa Arno Allan Penzias Robert Woodrow Wilson http://www.th.physik.uni-frankfurt.de/~jr/physpicnobel.html
F&P Nobel Laureates 1978 PHYSICS. pyotr leonidovich kapitsa for his basic inventions and discoveriesin the area of lowtemperature physics The nobel Prize in Physics 1978. http://www.naukanet.org/friends/naukanet/nobel/russia.html(opt,mozilla,unix,engl
Extractions: NaukaNet Chatroom NOBEL LAUREATES Below is a list of Nobel Laureates, starting with the most recent, that were either Russian or Soviet citizens at the time of their award. There is also a large number of Laureates that were born in Russia or the USSR but had relocated, either as children or far into their careers, to other countries at the time of their award. We have attempted to list the country correctly - Russia or the USSR - depending on the status of the country at the time of the laureate's birth and/or award.
1978 NOBLE Awards CHEMISTRY, Peter D. Mitchell. PHYSICS, pyotr leonidovich kapitsa, Arno AllanPenzias, Robert Woodrow Wilson. PEACE, Mohamed Anwar alSadat, Menachem Begin. http://www.123awards.com/NOBEL/1978.asp
Extractions: hardwork is paid in form of awards 1978 OTHER - NOBLE Awards CHEMISTRY Peter D. Mitchell PHYSICS Pyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa Arno Allan Penzias Robert Woodrow Wilson PEACE Mohamed Anwar al-Sadat Menachem Begin ECONOMICS Herbert A. Simon LITERATURE Isaac Bashevis Singer MEDICINE Werner Arber Daniel Nathans Hamilton O. Smith Enter Artist/Album
Physics - Fizika 1978 The prize was divided, one half being awarded to kapitsa, pyotr leonidovich,USSR,. A díj egyik felét kapta kapitsa, pyotr leonidovich, Szovjetunió,. http://www.radnoti.hu/common/nobel/fizika.htm
Kapitsa, Pyotr Leonidovich Translate this page kapitsa, pyotr leonidovich (1894-1984). Physicien soviétique, spécialistedes basses températures, qui reçut le prix nobel de physique en 1978. http://www.cartage.org.lb/fr/themes/Biographies/mainbiographie/K/kapitsa/kapitsa
Extractions: Kapitsa, Pyotr Leonidovich Physicien soviétique, spécialiste des basses températures, qui reçut le prix Nobel de physique en 1978. Il fit ses études à l'Institut polytechnique de Petrograd et il y enseigna l'ingénierie électrique. En 1921, il se rendit en Angleterre pour étudier à l'université de Cambridge. Peu après, il devint l'assistant d'Ernest Rutherford, directeur des recherches sur le magnétisme au laboratoire Cavendish. Quand Kapitsa retourna en URSS, en 1934, pour assister à une conférence scientifique, on lui interdit de quitter le pays. Il devint directeur de l'Institut des problèmes physiques de l'Académie des sciences d'URSS. Il est surtout connu pour ses réalisations dans le domaine de la liquéfaction des gaz, et en particulier pour la conception de méthodes simples de fabrication d'hélium et d'hydrogène liquides. Il fit également des recherches sur les effets des basses températures et des champs magnétiques élevés sur les métaux. En 1955, il fut nommé directeur du programme soviétique de satellite terrestre.
Physics Themes Geography History History Prize Winners nobel Prize Physics. 1978,kapitsa, pyotr leonidovich Penzias, Arno Allan - Wilson, Robert Woodrow. http://www.cartage.org.lb/en/themes/GeogHist/histories/prizewinners/nobelprize/p
TUBITAK-GMBAE 1950-1999 Nobel Odulleri Listesi kimya, ekonomi, fizyoloji ve tip alanlarinda nobel ödülü alan the discoveryof cosmic microwave background radiation. , pyotr leonidovich kapitsa; Arno A http://www.rigeb.gov.tr/docs/nobel-50_99.html
Nobel Prize In Physics Winners 1999- nobel Prize in Physics Winners 19991901. 1978, The prize was divided, one halfbeing awarded to pyotr leonidovich kapitsa for his basic inventions and http://www.fizik.itu.edu.tr/eng/phy_nobel.html
Extractions: Front Page National Southern States Other States ... Next 2001 WOLFGANG KETTERLE, ERIC CORNELL AND CARL WEIMANN for their achievement of Bose-Einstein condensation in dilute gases of alkali atoms and for early fundamental studies of the properties of the condensates. 2000-1991 2000 ZHORES I. ALFEROV, and HERBERT KROEMER for developing semiconductor heterostructures used in high-speed- and opto- electronics and JACK ST. CLAIR KILBY for his part in invention of the integrated circuit. 1999 GERARDUS 'T HOOFT, and MARTINUS J.G. VELTMAN for elucidating the quantum structure of electroweak interactions in physics. 1998 ROBERT B. LAUGHLIN, HORST L. STORMER and DANIEL C. TSUI for their discovery of a new form of quantum fluid with fractionally charged excitations. 1997 STEVEN CHU, CLAUDE COHEN-TANNOUDJI and WILLIAM D. PHILLIPS for development of methods to cool and trap atoms with laser light. 1996 DAVID M. LEE, DOUGLAS D. OSHEROFF and ROBERT C. RICHARDSON for their discovery of superfluidity in helium-3.