The Nobel Prize In Physics kai M. siegbahn (Sweden) for his contribution to the development ofhighresolution electron spectroscopy . 1980 nobel Prize in Physics. http://www.fi.uib.no/~ladi/Nobel95.html
Extractions: SLAC from : August 31, 1995 Updated Oct. 11, 1995 by L.K. Origin of this material Patrick Clancey This page, hosted by the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, is my personal contribution: all errors and omissions are mine alone. The information has been gathered from a wide variety of sources, and the nationality indicated for each laureate is my best determination of where the relevant work was done. Included for each year are the names and "nationalities" of the recipients, the commendation for the award, and bibliographic citations from the SPIRES HEP databases (including the full text of acceptance speeches, where available). Additions, corrections, and pointers to other relevant URLs will be gratefully accepted. Copy for local purposes: L. Kocbach Martin L. Perl, United States; Frederick Reines, United States,
Behind The Name: Nobel Prize Winners By Category Behind the Name the etymology and history of first names. nobel Prize Winners byCategory. Arthur L. Schawlow, 1981, Physics, kai M. siegbahn, 1981, Physics, http://www.behindthename.com/namesakes/nobelchro.html
Extractions: t h e e t y m o l o g y a n d h i s t o r y o f f i r s t n a m e s Nobel Prize Winners by Category Name Years Type Also Known As Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff Chemistry Hermann Emil Fischer Chemistry Svante August Arrhenius Chemistry Sir William Ramsay Chemistry Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf von Baeyer Chemistry Henri Moissan Chemistry Eduard Buchner Chemistry Ernest Rutherford Chemistry Wilhelm Ostwald Chemistry Otto Wallach Chemistry Marie Curie Chemistry Paul Sabatier Chemistry Victor Grignard Chemistry Alfred Werner Chemistry Theodore William Richards Chemistry Chemistry Fritz Haber Chemistry Walther Hermann Nernst Chemistry Frederick Soddy Chemistry Francis William Aston Chemistry Fritz Pregl Chemistry Richard Adolf Zsigmondy Chemistry The Svedberg Chemistry (Theodor) Heinrich Otto Wieland Chemistry Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus Chemistry Arthur Harden Chemistry Hans Karl August Simon von Euler-Chelpin Chemistry Hans Fischer Chemistry Carl Bosch Chemistry Friedrich Bergius Chemistry Irving Langmuir Chemistry Harold Clayton Urey Chemistry Chemistry Chemistry Petrus Josephus Wilhelmus Debye Chemistry (Peter) Paul Karrer Chemistry Walter Norman Haworth Chemistry Richard Kuhn Chemistry Adolf Friedrich Johann Butenandt Chemistry Leopold Ruzicka Chemistry George de Hevesy Chemistry Otto Hahn Chemistry Artturi Ilmari Virtanen Chemistry James Batcheller Sumner Chemistry John Howard Northrop Chemistry Wendell Meredith Stanley Chemistry Sir Robert Robinson Chemistry Arne Wilhelm Kaurin Tiselius Chemistry William Francis Giauque Chemistry Kurt Alder Chemistry Otto Paul Hermann Diels
Winners Of The Nobel Prize In Physics The nobel Prize Internet Archive 1997 kai M. siegbahn for his contribution tothe development of high resolution electron spectroscopy. 1980. http://www.isan.troitsk.ru/INC/Nobel/Winners.htm
Premio Nobel De Fiziko - Vikipedio 1981 Nicolaas BLOEMBERGEN, Arthur Leonard SCHAWLOW kaj kai Manne siegbahn. 1987Johannes Georg BEDNORZ kaj Karl Alexander M?LER. http://eo.wikipedia.org/wiki/Premio_Nobel_de_Fiziko
Extractions: Presebla versio El Vikipedio, la libera enciklopedio. Fiziko Premio Nobel La Premio Nobel de Fiziko estas disdonata ekde 1901. Tiuj personoj gajnis Äin: Wilhelm Conrad RNTGEN Hendrik Antoon LORENTZ kaj Pieter ZEEMAN Antoine Henri BECQUEREL Marie CURIE kaj Pierre CURIE John William Strutt RAYLEIGH Philipp LENARD Joseph John THOMSON ... Guglielmo MARCONI kaj Ferdinand BRAUN Johannes Diderik VAN DER WAALS Wilhelm WIEN Gustaf DALÉ ... William Henry BRAGG kaj William Lawrence BRAGG Charles Glover BARKLA Max PLANCK Johannes STARK ... James FRANCK kaj Gustav HERTZ Jean Baptiste PERRIN Arthur Holly COMPTON kaj Charles Thomson Rees WILSON Owen Willans RICHARDSON Louis DE BROGLIE Chandrasekhara Venkata RAMAN ... Paul Adrien Maurice DIRAC kaj Erwin SCHRÖINGER James CHADWICK Carl David ANDERSON kaj Victor Franz HESS Clinton Joseph DAVISSON kaj George Paget THOMSON Enrico FERMI Ernest Orlando LAWRENCE Otto STERN ... John Douglas COCKCROFT kaj Ernest WALTON Felix BLOCH kaj Edward Mills PURCELL Frits ZERNIKE Max BORN kaj Walther BOTHE Willis Eugene LAMB kaj Polykarp KUSCH John BARDEEN Walter Houser BRATTAIN kaj William SHOCKLEY LEE Tsung Dao kaj YANG Chen Ning Pavel AlekseeviÄ ÄERENKOV Ilja MiÄ¥ailoviÄ FRANK kaj Igor EvgeneviÄ TAMM 1959 [[Emilio Gino SEGRÉ] kaj Owen CHAMBERLAIN Donald Arthur GLASER Robert HOFSTADTER kaj Rudolf Ludwig MÖSBAUER Lev DavidoviÄ LANDAU Maria GOEPPERT-MAYER Eugene Paul WIGNER kaj Hans Daniel JENSEN Nikolaj GennadieviÄ BASOV Charles Hard TOWNES kaj
NOBEL PRIZE WINNERS nobel PRIZE WINNERS IN PHYSICS 1981 Nicolaas Bloembergen (born 1920) American ArthurL. Schawlow (born 1921) American kai M. siegbahn (born 1918) Swedish http://members.tripod.com/unifier2/nobelprizesframes.html
The Year 1981 Salman Rushdie, Midnight's Children John Updike, Rabbit is Rich nobel Prizes in Bloembergen,Arthur L. Schawlow (both US), and kai M. siegbahn (Sweden), for http://members.tripod.com/michele840/id45.htm
Extractions: President : Ronald W. Reagan Vice Presiden t: George Bush Population Life expectancy : 74.1 years Violent Crime Rate (per 1,000) Property Crime Rate (per 1,000) US GDP (1998 dollars) : $3,115.90 billion Federal spending : $678.25 billion Federal debt : $994.8 billion Median Household Income (current dollars) Consumer Price Index Unemployment Cost of a first-class stamp : $0.15 ($0.18 as of 3/22/81; $0.20 as of 11/1/81)
Winners Of The Nobel Prize In Physics brought to you by. The nobel Prize Internet Archive. kai M. siegbahn for his contributionto the development of high resolution electron spectroscopy. http://www.fundp.ac.be/~lambertc/PaYsAger/physics.html
Extractions: Nobel Prize in Physics Winners 1997-1901 brought to you by The Nobel Prize Internet Archive The prize was awarded jointly to: S TEVEN C HU ... ANNOUDJI and W ILLIAM D P ... HILLIPS for development of methods to cool and trap atoms with laser light. The prize was awarded jointly to: D AVID M L ... SHEROFF and R OBERT C R ... ICHARDSON for their discovery of superfluidity in helium-3. The prize was awarded for pioneering experimental contributions to lepton physics, with one half to: M ARTIN L P ... ERL for the discovery of the tau lepton. and the other half to: F REDERICK R EINES for the detection of the neutrino. The prize was awarded for pioneering contributions to the development of neutron scattering techniques for studies of condensed matter to: B ERTRAM N B ... ROCKHOUSE for the development of neutron spectroscopy C LIFFORD G S ... HULL for the development of the neutron diffraction technique. The prize was awarded jointly to: R USSELL A H ... ULSE and J OSEPH H T ... R. for the discovery of a new type of pulsar, a discovery that has opened up new possibilities for the study of gravitation. G EORGES C HARPAK for his invention and development of particle detectors, in particular the multiwire proportional chamber.
People.smu.edu/ereiman/physics/nobelprizes.txt nobel Prize Winners in Physics 1901 Wilhelm Roentgen for discovering Xrays L. Schawlowfor developing laser spectroscopy and kai M. siegbahn for developing http://people.smu.edu/ereiman/physics/nobelprizes.txt
Extractions: Nobel Prize Winners in Physics: 1901 Wilhelm Roentgen for discovering X-rays (1895). 1902 Hendrik A. Lorentz for predicting the Zeeman effect and Pieter Zeeman for discovering the Zeeman effect, the splitting of spectral lines in magnetic fields. 1903 Antoine-Henri Becquerel for discovering radioactivity (1896) and Pierre and Marie Curie for studying radioactivity. 1904 Lord Rayleigh for studying the density of gases and discovering argon. 1905 Philipp Lenard for studying cathode rays, electrons (1898-1899). 1906 J.J. Thomson for studying electrical discharge through gases and discovering the electron (1897). 1907 Albert A. Michelson for inventing optical instruments and measuring the speed of light (1880s). 1908 Gabriel Lippmann for making the first color photographic plate, using interference methods (1891). 1909 Guglielmo Marconi and Carl Ferdinand Braun for developing wireless telegraphy. 1910 Johannes D. van der Waals for studying the equation of state for gases and liquids (1881). 1911 Wilhelm Wien for discovering Wien's law giving the peak of a blackbody spectrum (1893). 1912 Nils Dalen for inventing automatics gas regulators for lighthouses. 1913 Heike Kamerlingh Onnes for the discovery of superconductivity and liquefying helium (1908). 1914 Max T.F. von Laue for studying x-rays from their diffraction by crystals, showing that x-rays are electromagnetic waves (1912). 1915 William Henry Bragg and William Lawrence Bragg, his son, for studying the diffraction of x-rays in crystals. 1916 No prize in Physics was given. 1917 Charles Barkla for studying atoms by x-ray scattering (1906). 1918 Max Planck for discovering energy quanta. 1919 Johannes Stark, for discovering the Stark effect, the splitting of spectral lines in electric fields (1913). 1920 Charles-Edouard Guillaume for discovering invar, a nickel-steel alloy with low coefficient of expansion. 1921 Albert Einstein for explaining the photoelectric effect and for his services to theoretical physics (1905). 1922 Niels Bohr for his model of the atom and its readiation (1913). 1923 Robert A. Millikan for measuring the charge on an electron (1911) and for studying the photoelectric effect experimentally (1914). 1924 Karl M. G. Siegbahn for his work in x-ray spectroscopy. 1925 James Franck and Gustav Hertz for discovering the Franck-Hertz effect in electron-atom collisions. 1926 Jean-Baptiste Perrin for studying Brownian motion to validate the discontinuous structure of matter and measure the size of atoms. 1927 Arthur Holly Compton for discovering the Compton effect on x-rays, their change in wavelength when they collide with matter (1922), and Charles T. R. Wilson for inventing the cloud chamber, used to study charged particles (1906). 1928 Owen W. Richardson for studying the thermionic effect and electrons emitted by hot metals (1911). 1929 Louis Victor de Broglie for discovering the wave nature of electrons (1923). 1930 Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman for studying Raman scattering, the scattering of light by atoms and molecules with a change in wavelength (1928). 1931 No prize in Physics was given. 1932 Werner Heisenberg for creating quantum mechanics (1925). 1933 Erwin Schrodinger and Paul A. M. Dirac for developing wave mechanics (1925) and relativistic quantum mechanics (1927). 1934 No prize in Physics was given. 1935 James Chadwick for discovering the neutron (1932). 1936 Carl D. Anderson for discovering the positron in particular and antimatter in general (1932) and Victor F. Hess for discovering cosmic rays. 1937 Clinton Davisson and George Thomson for discovering the diffraction of electrons by crystals, confirming de Broglie's hypothesis (1927). 1938 Enrico Fermi for producing the transuranic radioactive elements by neutron irradiation (1934-1937). 1939 Ernest O. Lawrence for inventing the cyclotron. 1940 No prize in Physics was given. 1941 No prize in Physics was given. 1942 No prize in Physics was given. 1943 Otto Stern for developing molecular-beam studies (1923), and using them to discover the magnetic moment of the proton (1933). 1944 Isidor I. Rabi for discovering nuclear magnetic resonance in atomic and molecular beams. 1945 Wolfgang Pauli for discovering the exclusion principle (1924). 1946 Percy W. Bridgman for studying physics at high pressures. 1947 Edward V. Appleton for studying the ionosphere. 1948 Patrick M. S. Blackett for studying nuclear physics with cloud-chamber photographs of cosmic-ray interactions. 1949 Hideki Yukawa for predicting the existence of mesons (1935). 1950 Cecil F. Powell for developing the method of studying cosmic rays with photographic emulsions and discovering new mesons. 1951 Hohn D. Cockcroft and Ernest T. S. Walton for transmuting nuclei in an accelerator (1932). 1952 Felix Bloch and Edward Mills Purcell for discovering nuclear magnetic resonance in liquids and gases (1946). 1953 Frits Zernike for inventing the phase-contrast microscope, which uses interference to provide high contrast. 1954 Max Born for interpreting the wave function as a probability (1926) and other quantum-mechanical discoveries and Walther Bothe for developing the coincidence method to study subatomic particles (1930-1931), producing, in particular, the particle interpreted by Chadwick as the neutron. 1955 Willis E. Lamb, Jr., for discovering the Lamb shift in the hydrogen spectrum (1947) and Polykarp Kusch for determining the magnetic moment of the electron (1947). 1956 John Bardeen, Walter H. Brattain, and William Shockley for inventing the transistor (1956). 1957 T.-D. Lee and C.-N. Yang for predicting that partiy is not conserved in beta decay (1956). 1958 Pavel A. Cerenkov for discovering Cerenkov radiation (1935) and Ilya M. Frank and Igor Tamm for interpreting it (1937). 1959 Emilio G. Segre and Owen Chamberlain for discovering the antiproton (1955). 1960 Donald A. Glaser for inventing the bubble chamber to study elementary particles (1952). 1961 Robert Hofstadter for discovering internal structure in protons and neutrons and Rudolf L. Mossbauer for discovering the Mossbauer effect of recoilless gamma-ray emission (1957). 1962 Lev Davidovich Landau for studying liquid helium and other condensed matter theoretically. 1963 Eugene P. Wigner for applying symmetry principles to elementary-particle theory and Maria Goeppert Mayer and J. Hans D. Jensen for studying the shell model of nuclei (1947). 1964 Charles H. Townes, Nikolai G. Basov, and Alexandr M. Prokhorov for developing masers (1951-1952) and lasers. 1965 Sin-itiro Tomonaga, Julian S. Schwinger, and Richard P. Feynman for developing quantum electrodynamics (1948). 1966 Alfred Kastler for his optical methods of studying atomic energy levels. 1967 Hans Albrecht Bethe for discovering the routes of energy production in stars (1939). 1968 Luis W. Alvarez for discovering resonance states of elementary particles. 1969 Murray Gell-Mann for classifying elementary particles (1963). 1970 Hannes Alfven for developing magnetohydrodynamic theory and Louis Eugene Felix Neel for discovering antiferromagnetism and ferrimagnetism (1930s). 1971 Dennis Gabor for developing holography (1947). 1972 John Bardeen, Leon N. Cooper, and John Robert Schrieffer for explaining superconductivity (1957). 1973 Leo Esaki for discovering tunneling in semiconductors, Ivar Giaever for discovering tunneling in superconductors, and Brian D. Josephson for predicting the Josephson effect, which involves tunneling of paired electrons (1958-1962). 1974 Anthony Hewish for discovering pulsars and Martin Ryle for developing radio interferometry. 1975 Aage N. Bohr, Ben R. Mottelson, and James Rainwater for discovering why some nuclei take asymmetric shapes. 1976 Burton Richter and Samuel C. C. Ting for discovering the J/psi particle, the first charmed particle (1974). 1977 John H. Van Vleck, Nevill F. Mott, and Philip W. Anderson for studying solids quantum-mechanically. 1978 Arno A. Penzias and Robert W. Wilson for discovering the cosmic background radiation (1965) and Pyotr Kapitsa for his studies of liquid helium. 1979 Sheldon L. Glashow, Abdus Salam, and Steven Weinberg for developing the theory that unified the weak and electromagnetic forces (1958-1971). 1980 Val Fitch and James W. Cronin for discovering CP (charge-parity) violation (1964), which possibly explains the cosmological dominance of matter over antimatter. 1981 Nicolaas Bloembergen and Arthur L. Schawlow for developing laser spectroscopy and Kai M. Siegbahn for developing high-resolution electron spectroscopy (1958). 1982 Kenneth G. Wilson for developing a method of constructing theories of phase transitions to analyze critical phenomena. 1983 William A. Fowler for theoretical studies of astrophysical nucleosynthesis and Subramanyan Chandrasekhar for studying physical processes of importance to stellar structure and evolution, including the prediction of white dwarf stars (1930). 1984 Carlo Rubbia for discovering the W and Z particles, verifying the electroweak unification, and Simon van der Meer, for developing the method of stochastic cooling of the CERN beam that allowed the discovery (1982-1983). 1985 Klaus von Klitzing for the quantized Hall effect, relating to conductivity in the presence of a magnetic field (1980). 1986 Ernst Ruska for inventing the electron microscope (1931), and Gerd Binnig and Heinrich Rohrer for inventing the scanning-tunneling electron microscope (1981). 1987 J. Georg Bednorz and Karl Alex Muller for the discovery of high temperature superconductivity (1986). 1988 Leon M. Lederman, Melvin Schwartz, and Jack Steinberger for a collaborative experiment that led to the development of a new tool for studying the weak nuclear force, which affects the radioactive decay of atoms. 1989 Norman Ramsay (U.S.) for various techniques in atomic physics; and Hans Dehmelt (U.S.) and Wolfgang Paul (Germany) for the development of techniques for trapping single charge particles. 1990 Jerome Friedman, Henry Kendall (both U.S.), and Richard Taylor (Canada) for experiments important to the development of the quark model. 1991 Pierre-Gilles de Gennes for discovering that methods developed for studying order phenomena in simple systems can be generalized to more complex forms of matter, in particular to liquid crystals and polymers. 1992 George Charpak for developing detectors that trace the paths of evanescent subatomic particles produced in particle accelerators. 1993 Russell Hulse and Joseph Taylor for discovering evidence of gravitational waves. 1994 Bertram N. Brockhouse and Clifford G. Schull for pioneering work in neutron scattering.
Physics Guide A GUIDE TO PHYSICS. Physics nobels. nobel Prize Winners in Physics, 19012000. 1981,Nicolaas Bloemergen. Arthur Leonard Schawlow. kai M. siegbahn. 1920-. http://www.aguidetophysics.com/Physics Nobels.htm
Extractions: for their work on the influence of magnetism on radiation. Antoine Henri Becquerel Pierre Curie Marie Sklowdowska-Curie for his discovery of radioactivity. for their joint research on nuclear radiation phenomena. Lord Rayleigh (John William Strutt) for his research on the densities of the gases and for his discovery of argon Philipp Eduard Anton von Lenard for his work on cathode rays. Joseph John Thomson for his research on the conduction of electricity by gases. Albert Abraham Michelson for his optical instruments and for measuring the speed of light.
TUBITAK-GMBAE: 1950-1999 Nobel Odulleri Listesi fizik, kimya, ekonomi, fizyoloji ve tip alanlarinda nobel ödülü alan electronspectroscopy. , Nicolaas Bloembergen; Arthur L. Schawlow; kai M. siegbahn . http://www.rigeb.gov.tr/docs/nobel-50_99.html
Extractions: 1950-1999 Yýllarý arasýnda fizik, kimya, ekonomi, fizyoloji ve týp alanlarýnda Nobel ödülü alan bilimadamlarý ve çalýþmalarý Yýl Çalýþma Ödül Sahibi Physics The development of the photographic method of studying nuclear processes and the discoveries regarding mesons made with this method. Cecil Frank Powell The pioneer work on the transmutation of atomic nuclei by artificially accelerated atomic particles. "Sir John Douglas Cockcroft; Ernest Thomas Sinton Walton" The development of new methods for nuclear magnetic precision measurements and discoveries in connection therewith. "Felix Bloch; Edward Mills Purcell" Demonstration of the phase contrast method, especially for his invention of the phase contract microscope. Frits (Frederik) Zernike "Fundamental research in quantum mechanics, especially for the statistical interpretation of the wavefunction; and for the coincidence method and the discoveries made therewith." "Max Born; Walther Bothe" "Discoveries concerning the fine structure of the hydrogen spectrum; and precision determination of the magnetic moment of the electron." "Willis Eugene Lamb; Polykarp Kusch"
Winners Of The Nobel Prize In Physics BACK Winners of the nobel Prize in Physics 2000 kai M. siegbahn for his contributionto the development of high resolution electron spectroscopy. http://snake76.by.ru/texts/NoblePrizePhysics.html
Extractions: for his part in the invention of the integrated circuit The prize was awarded jointly to: GERADUS'T HOOFT and MARTINUS J. G. VELTMAN for elucidating the quantum structure of electroweak interactions in physics The prize was awarded jointly to: ROBERT B. LAUGHLIN , HORST L. STORMER and DANIEL C. TSUI for their discovery of a new form of quantum fluid with fractionally charged excitations. The prize was awarded jointly to: STEVEN CHU , CLAUDE COHEN-TANNOUDJI and WILLIAM D. PHILLIPS for development of methods to cool and trap atoms with laser light. The prize was awarded jointly to: DAVID M. LEE , DOUGLAS D. OSHEROFF and ROBERT C. RICHARDSON for their discovery of superfluidity in helium-3. The prize was awarded for pioneering experimental contributions to lepton physics, with one half to:
Auto Racing Articles: Nobel Prize In Physics Article courtesy of http//RacingSecrets.com List of nobel Prize laureates in contributionto the development of laser spectroscopy kai M. siegbahn for his http://speedarticles.com/auto_racing_article-22.html
ÅôÞóéïò Ïäçãüò Ðåñéïäéêþí ôçò ÖõóéêÞò nobel Foundation) st? site http//www.nobel.se charge of electricity 1924 KarlManne Georg siegbahn Xray decay of neutral K-mesons 1981 kai M. Seigbahn High http://www.physics4u.gr/indexnobel.html
Essays On Winners Of The Nobel Prize: Choice Theory Brings James M. Buchanan the Were the 1981 nobel Prizewinners in Science Physics kai siegbahn, Nicolaas Bloembergen, Author Schawlow Chemistry http://www.garfield.library.upenn.edu/prize/nobelwinners.html
Columbia Fact Book, 1995-96: The Faculty Columbia nobel Laureates. Chemistry. 1981, Arthur Schawlow, faculty member (194951,1960), with Nicolaas Bloembergen and kai M. siegbahn for his contribution http://www.columbia.edu/cu/udar/factbook/14.html
Extractions: T HE F ACULTY Measures of Distinction University Professors Faculty Size The faculty of Columbia University is a community of scholars devoted to the highest standards of research and teaching. Its distinction is reflected in national surveys, which have consistently ranked Columbia's faculty among those of the leading institutions of the country in overall quality. These talented scholars carry out research in all the traditional academic disciplines and in innovative interdisciplinary areas as well. Researchers at the University have been responsible for some of the most important scientific breakthroughs in the twentieth century, including the discovery of vitamin B1 and the laser. The development of social science as a field of modern scholarship began with Franz Boas, Paul Lazarsfeld, and Robert K. Merton. The work of Jacques Barzun, Donald Keene, Meyer Schapiro, Lionel Trilling, and Mark Van Doren has reshaped our perspectives on literature, art, and culture. However, the faculty's contributions to society go far beyond the products of their academic activities, as Columbia's professors also play a role in the public sphere at both the national and international level. Many have served as advisers to U.S. presidents, Supreme Court justices, leaders of social reform movements, curators at major art galleries, and consultants to corporations. The faculty's dedication to innovative research and scholarship is equalled only by their devotion to teaching, and the University upholds a singular commitment to undergraduate instruction by its distinguished senior scholars. At Columbia, teaching and research are inextricably linked, and many of the University's most exceptional scholars are also the best teachers. As gifted faculty members move from the creation of knowledge in the laboratory or library to the transfer of knowledge in the classroom, they communicate to students the excitement of intellectual discovery, providing them with a unique opportunity to join in looking beyond the boundaries of the known.
FÝZÝK NOBEL ÖDÜLLERÝ FIZIK nobel ÖDÜLLERI. 1901. RÖNTGEN, WILHELM CONRAD. Almanya ve.siegbahn, kai M. Isveç, Uppsala Üniversitesi, Uppsala, d. 1918 http://www.tubitak.gov.tr/nobel/fizik-nodul.html
Extractions: FÝZÝK NOBEL ÖDÜLLERÝ RÖNTGEN, WILHELM CONRAD Almanya, Münih Üniversitesi, d.1845, ö.1923: Sonradan adýyla anýlmaya baþlayacak olan önemli ýþýn tipini buluþuyla olanaklý kýldýðý üstün hizmetler için LORENTZ, HENDRIK ANTOON Hollanda, Leyden Üniversitesi, d.1853, ö. 1928 ZEEMAN, PIETER Hollanda, Amsterdam Üniversitesi, d.1865, ö. 1943: Manyetizmanýn radyasyon üzerine etkileri konusundaki çalýþmalarýyla verdikleri üstün hizmetler için BECQUEREL, ANTOINE HENRI Fransa, Ecole Polytechnique, Paris, d.1852, ö.1908: Kendiliðinden radyoaktiflik olgusunu keþfiyle saðladýðý üstün hizmetler için CURIE, PIERRE Fransa, Ecole municipale de physique et de chimie industrielles, Paris, d.1859, ö. 1906; ve eþi: CURIE i MARIE, nee SKLODOWSKA Fransa, d.1867 (Varþova, Polonya), ö.1934: Profesör Henri Becquerel tarafýndan bulunan radyasyon olgusu üzerine yaptýklarý ortak çalýþmalarla saðladýklarý üstün hizmetler için RAYLEIGH, Lord (J. W. STRUTT) Ýngiltere, Royal Institution, Londra, d.1842, ö.1919: Önemli gazlarýn çoðunun yoðunluklarýný buluþu ve bu çalýþmalarý sýrasýnda argonu keþfediþi için LENARD, PHILIPP EDUARD ANTON
100 Aastat Nobeli Füüsikapreemiaid Lühem versioon. Alfred nobel (21.10.1833 10.12.1896). Sündis Uppsalas. 1981,kai M. siegbahn, Uppsala U., kõrglahutuslik elektronspektroskoopia. 12. http://www.aai.ee/~sapar/nobel/nobel.html
Extractions: Research By Angela Martello What will this year's winner of the Nobel Prize in physics be doing when the Swedish Academy of Sciences makes its decision in October? When the call comes from Stockholm (winners from the United States usually are notified in the early hours of the morning), will the laureate be sound asleep, dreaming about superstrings or superconductivity? Or will he or she be wide awake, pondering the next equation, the newest experiment? When Alfred Nobel wrote his will in November 1895, he established what many consider to be the most prestigious of all awards. Yet actual guidelines set down in the will for the Nobel Prize are, for the most part, sparse. The prizes were to go "to those who, during the preceding year, shall have conferred the greatest benefit on mankind." For the field of physics, in particular, Nobel directed that the award go to the person "who shall have made the most important discovery or invention within the field." Judging which of the many extraordinary advances in the highly varied field of physics is the most important undoubtedly is no easy task. Previous Nobel Prizes in physics, for example, have been awarded for high-temperature superconductors, energy production in stars, nuclear shell structures, and scanning tunneling microscopy. Last year's winners (
Ëàóðåàòû Íîáåëåâñêèõ ïðåìèé ïî ôèçèêå Alphabetical listing of nobel prize laureates in Physics. Name. Year Awarded. Shull,Clifford G. 1994. siegbahn, kai M. 1981. siegbahn, Karl Manne Georg, 1924. http://orel.rsl.ru/archiv/nob_ph.htm
Extractions: PHYSICS Alphabetical listing of Nobel prize laureates in Physics Name Year Awarded Alfven, Hannes Alvarez, Luis W. Anderson, Carl David Anderson, Philip W. Appleton, Sir Edward Victor Bardeen, John Bardeen, John Barkla, Charles Glover Basov, Nicolay Gennadiyevich Becquerel, Antoine Henri Bednorz, J. Georg Bethe, Hans Albrecht Binnig, Gerd Blackett, Lord Patrick Maynard Stuart Bloch, Felix Bloembergen, Nicolaas Bohr, Aage Bohr, Niels Born, Max Bothe, Walther Bragg, Sir William Henry Bragg, Sir William Lawrence Brattain, Walter Houser Braun, Carl Ferdinand Bridgman, Percy Williams Brockhouse, Bertram N. Chadwick, Sir James Chamberlain, Owen Chandrasekhar, Subramanyan Charpak, Georges Cherenkov, Pavel Alekseyevich Chu, Steven Cockcroft, Sir John Douglas Cohen-Tannoudji, Claude Compton, Arthur Holly Cooper, Leon N. Curie, Marie Curie, Pierre Dalen, Nils Gustaf Davisson, Clinton Joseph De Broglie, Prince Louis-Victor De Gennes, Pierre-Gilles Dehmelt, Hans G.
Laureáti Nobelovy Ceny Za Fyziku Jejich plné znení je uverejnováno v publikaci Les Prix nobel. 1980,Val L. Fitch. 1981, kai M. siegbahn. 1981, Nicolaas Bloembergen. http://mujweb.atlas.cz/www/nobelfyzika/
Extractions: Laureáti Nobelovy ceny za fyziku OLOMOUC, ALDA 1998 ISBN 80-85600-47-1 Struktura stránky: Na poèátku byl dynamit - struèný ivotopis Alfreda Bernharda Nobela a historie Nobelovy nadace - Nobelova cena za fyziku (pøehled státù podle poètu udìlených cen) Laureáti Nobelovy ceny za fyziku v letech 1901-1997 Kniha - Laureáti Nobelovy ceny za fyziku Napsali Alfred Bernhard Nobel 21. 10. 1833 Stockholm - 10. 12. 1896 San Remo Na poèátku byl dynamit Alfred Bernhard Nobel (21. 10. 1833 Stockholm 10. 12. 1896 San Remo) patøil k nejvýznamnìjím vynálezcùm devatenáctého století. Pøihlásil na tøistapadesát patentù ve vech státech svìta a málokdo se doil uplatnìní svých vynálezù jako právì on. Jeho vynálezy byly výsledkem práce Nobelových laboratoøí v Nìmecku, Francii, Skotsku, Itálii a védsku. Své objevy realizoval v devadesáti továrnách a firmách dvaceti zemí pìti kontinentù. Pocházel z rodiny védského chemika a podnikatele, ale rodina záhy odela do Ruska, kde jeho otec díky vynálezùm protipìchotních a vodních min dosáhl velmi rychle váeného postavení. Alfred Nobel je znám pøedevím jako vynálezce smutnì proslaveného dynamitu (1867), ale obrovskou senzaci zpùsobil také jeho testament, který napsal na sklonku svého ivota 27. listopadu 1895 v Paøíi. Vyøízení pozùstalosti se protáhlo a do roku 1900, nebo nìkteøí zákonní dìdicové se snaili zpochybnit její platnost, a potíe nastaly také kvùli Nobelovu skuteènému bydliti a váhavému postoji institucí, které mìly podle závìti pøevzít odpovìdnost pøi udílení penìitých odmìn. Zaloení Nobelovy nadace a pøedpisy pro instituce oprávnìné udìlovat ceny schválil védský král 29. èervna 1900 a první Nobelovy ceny byly udìleny ji o rok pozdìji.