Language In Child And Chimp? General commentary on ape language with transcripts of chats with apes and interviews with ape language Category Science Social Sciences Ape Sign Language Ask yourself how different is an enculturated ape's use of human language from thatof (And speaking of exceptional, what is the variability in apes performance http://pubpages.unh.edu/~jel/apelang.html
Extractions: General information and commentary on the issues ( revised ,4/00) BUT before you move on to apes, ask yourself: What is human language? What are its functions ? What are the descriptive facts of human language acquisition by humans. Equipped with even cursory answers to these basic questions, you can proceed to the question of non-human use of human-based language codes. Ask yourself how different is an enculturated ape's use of human language from that of an exceptional dog like Fellow or parrot like Alex? (And speaking of exceptional, what is the variability in apes performance? One of the remarkable facts of human language acquisition, is that it is very uniform across a wide range of children and experiences. This may reflect the much less genetic variability of humans in contrast to other large primates.) Finally what we can begin to speculate on what kind of genetic changes might have occurred to evolve language in concert with evolving culture. (See Limber, 1982
An Fear Rua - The GAA Unplugged Brothers based in Mater Dei College, in upstate New York, in the USA waspreviously known to many in academia for his work with enculturated apes. http://www.anfearrua.com/ViewSectionDetail.asp?docid=4
MITECS: Primate Cognition and ST Parker, Eds., Reaching into Thought The Minds of the Great apes. learningof actions on objects by children, chimpanzees and enculturated chimpanzees. http://cognet.mit.edu/MITECS/Articles/hauser.html
Extractions: Ludwig Wittgenstein remarked that if lions could speak we would not understand them. David Premack (1986), following this conceptual thread, commented that if chickens had syntax they would have nothing much to say. The first comment raises a methodological challenge, the second a conceptual one. Studies of primate cognition have faced both. Marc D. Hauser Boysen, S. T. (1996). "More is less": The distribution of rule-governed resource distribution in chimpanzees. In A. E. Russon, K. A. Bard, and S. T. Parker, Eds., Reaching into Thought: The Minds of the Great Apes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 177-189. Byrne, R. W., and A. Russon. (Forthcoming). Learning by imitation: A hierarchical approach. Behavioral and Brain Sciences Byrne, R. W., and A. Whiten. (1988).
Publications Years 1995-1999 attention and imitative learning in children, chimpanzees and enculturated chimpanzees. Rumbaugh,ES (1996) Biobehavioral roots of language Words, apes, and a http://www.gsu.edu/~wwwlrc/Publications/Years/Publicationspg6tab.htm
Extractions: Go to Self-awareness in animals and humans: Developmental perspectives American Journal of Primatology Language and Communication Social Development American Journal on Mental Retardation Childhood Language Disorders (pp. 218-234). New York: Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc. Communicative alternatives to challenging behavior: Integrating functional assessment and intervention strategies American Journal on Mental Retardation Rumbaugh, D. M. (1995). On Books. [Emergence of relations and the essence of learning: A review of Sidman's equivalence relations and behavior: A research story]. Behavior Analyst Rumbaugh, D. M. (1995). Primate language and cognition: Common ground. Social Research Attention, memory and executive function (pp. 199-219). Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brookes. Kanzi: The Ape at the Brink of the Human Mind ]. Munchen: Droemer Knaur.
CELTICA CAT Fields EMF@ 74 Electromagnetism@ 150 Electron Microscopy@ 12 Electronics@1,486, Employment for Scientists@ 148 enculturated apes@ 19 Endocrine http://www.celticsurf.net/odp/index.cgi?base=/Science/E/
Studies Of Animal Cognition Tomasello, M. Call, J. (1994) Social cognition of monkeys and apes. learning ofactions on objects by children, chimpanzees, and enculturated chimpanzees. http://www2.canisius.edu/~gallaghr/animals.html
Extractions: STUDIES OF ANIMAL COGNITION Return to Index Adams-Curtis, L.E. (1987) Social context of manipulative behaviour in Cebus apella. American Journal of Primatology 12:325. Allen, C., " Animal cognition and animal minds Allen, C., and Bekoff, M. (1997) Species of Mind . Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. Anderson, J. R. (1983) Responses to mirror image stimulation and assessment of self-recognition in mirror- and peer-reared stumptail macaques. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 35(b):201-212. Beck, B.B. (1976) Tool use by captive pigtaied monkeys. Primates 17:301-310. Beckoff, M., and D. Jameison. (1996). Readings in Animal Cognition. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Bennett, J. (1988). Thoughtful brutes. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 62: 196 - 211. Bickerton, D. (1990) Language and Species. University of Chicago Press. Chalmers, David. 1999. Bibliography on Animal cognition Cheney, D. L., Seyfarth, R. M. (1980) Vocal recognition in free-ranging vervet monkeys. Animal Behaviour 288:362-367. Dasser, V. (1988) A social concept in Java monkeys. Animal Behaviour 36:225-230.
Extractions: hen Marc Jurnove first visited the Long Island Game Farm Park and Zoo in the spring of 1995, he found Barney, a chimpanzee, living in bleak isolation, with only a swing to distract him and no other chimps in sight. Concerned, Jurnove sought legal action. However, the case that followed, Animal Legal Defense Fund v. Glickman (1998), did not focus on Barney's psychological well-being, oddly enough, but that of his human observer. As one of the deciding judges wrote, "Mr. Jurnove's affidavit is an uncontested statement of the injuries that he has suffered to his aesthetic interest in observing animals living under humane conditions." Of course, none of the interested parties in this case were actually convinced that animal welfare is merely a matter of taste. But the notion of "aesthetic injury" is just one means of circumventing a hard legal fact: Property can't sue, thus neither can animals, nor can a guardian
Malinda J Carpenter Do apes and children know what they have seen? Joint attention and imitativelearning in children, chimpanzees, and enculturated chimpanzees. http://email.eva.mpg.de/~carpente/
Extractions: PUBLICATIONS Child Development, 67 Imitation in animals and artifacts (pp. 211-228). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Animal Cognition, 4 Infant Behavior and Development, 21 Infant development: The essential readings (pp. 295-318). Oxford: Blackwell. Developmental Science, 5, British Journal of Developmental Psychology Child Development, 73, Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 63 (4, Serial No. 255). Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 32
Dynamic Directory - Science - E Electromagnetism@ (150); Electron Microscopy@ (12); Electronics@ (1,486).Employment for Scientists@ (148); enculturated apes@ (19); Endocrine http://weather.maximumedge.com/cgi/dir/index.cgi/Science/E/
Extractions: The scientific study of animals and their environment. Elementary Amphibians Birds Fish Invertibrate Zoology Mammals Intermediate Aardwolves Acanthocephala Animal Behavior Annelida Arachnida Arthropda Bats Beekeeping Biogeography of Animals Bivalvia Crustacea Field Zoology Gastropoda Gnathostomulida Gross Anatomy Helminths Hemichordata Insecta Mollusca Myriapoda Neurology Protozoa Advanced Acarology Acoelomates Animal Development Aplacophora Aquatic Insects Bat Detectors Birth Defects Brachiopoda Bryozoa Cephalopoda Chilopoda Chordata Diplopoda Echinodermata Enculturated Apes Endocrinology Echiura Kinorhyncha Lophophorates Malacology Mate Choice Merostomata Minor Protostomes Monoplacophora Nematoda Nematomorpha Nemertea Neuroanatomy Neurophysiology Onychophora Opiliones Parental Care Phoronida Platyhelminthes Polyplacophora Porifera Pseudocoelomates Frontier Animal Viruses Bodily System Development Cell Assembly in Embryos Central Nervous System Synapses Genetics of Behavior Interactions between Bodily Systems Learning Memory Molecular Neurogenetics Motion Perception Neural Computation Spatial Perception Stem Cell Development Synaptic Plasticity Synaptic Transmission Visual-Motor Integration Radiata Reptiles Rhombozoa Rotifera Scaphopoda Scorpions Sexual Conflict Sipuncula Solfugids Spiders Tardigrades Trilobita Urochordata Vertebrate Anatomy Vertibrate Embryology Vertebrate Physiology Zooarchaeology Click here to go back to the projects page Click here to go back to our home page
Bomis Search Results: Planetofthe Apes ring. Based on data from Mozilla. 60, The Science/Social Sciences/Anthropology/EnculturatedApes ring. Based on data from Mozilla. 48, http://www.bomis.com/searchring.fcgi?request=Planetofthe Apes&src=bomis_wiki
Jim Davies: Primatech A cognitive model of Chantek, a signing orangutan, for an installation at Zoo Atlanta.Category Science Social Sciences Ape Sign Language please contact Jim Davies (email@example.com). Web links for enculturatedand signing apes; Online American Sign Language Dictionary; http://www.cc.gatech.edu/gvu/perception/projects/primatech/
Extractions: The goal of this project is to create an installation that simulates talking to a sign-language using orangutan. Please read the The June 1999 report and look at the diagram for a good overview. If you would like to contribute to this project, please contact Jim Davies (firstname.lastname@example.org) Talks Projects for undergrads and new grad students (7100, UROC, etc.) Contributers to the project Jim Davies, email@example.com (cognitive modeling) Lyn Miles, firstname.lastname@example.org (language training) Tim Keenan, email@example.com (graphics)
Extractions: See Also: Science:Biology:Zoology:Chordates:Mammals:Primates Society:Issues:Animal Welfare:Specific Animals:Primates Language Research Center - Primate research center studying language acquisition through work with bonobos and chimpanzees. Features a list of publications and ape biographies. The Primatech Project - A cognitive model of Chantek, a signing orangutan, for an installation at Zoo Atlanta. Chimpanzee and Great Ape Language Resources - Includes links, online texts, and ape images. At the Anthropology Department, Brown University - A pioneering language project with female chimpanzee Washoe. The Chimpanzee and Human Communication Institute - This institute at Central Washington University cares for five chimpanzees who are being taught American Sign Language. Language in Child and Chimp? - General commentary on ape language with transcripts of chats with apes and interviews with ape language researchers. He Talks to the Animals - ABCnews.com feature about Roger Fouts of Project Washoe.
Www.studentbody.com Language in apes How Much Do They Know and How Much Should We Teach Them Introductoryoverview of ape language research, its history and its practice. http://www.studentbody.com/Directory/Science/Social_Sciences/Anthropology/Encult
Michael Tomasello Joint attention and imitative learning in children, chimpanzees, and enculturatedchimpanzees. Social Development, 4, 1837. Tomasello, M. (1996). Do apes ape? http://www.eva.mpg.de/~tomas/
Extractions: UNIVERSITY OF GEORGIA, Ph.D. Experimental Psychology, 1980 EMPLOYMENT Assistant-Associate-Full Professor of Psychology Adjunct Professor of Anthropology, EMORY UNIVERSITY 1982-present Affiliate Scientist, Psychobiology, YERKES PRIMATE CENTER 1998-present Co-Director, MAX PLANCK INSTITUTE FOR EVOLUTIONARY ANTHROPOLOGY 1999-present Honorary Professor, Psychology, UNIVERSITY OF LEIPZIG 1999-present Honorary Professor, Psychology, MANCHESTER UNIVERSITY Ad Hoc Visiting Scholar, HARVARD UNIVERSITY Instructor, INTERNATIONAL COGNITIVE SCIENCE INSTITUTE Visiting Fellow, BRITISH PSYCHOLOGICAL SOCIETY
Scholarly Interests, 4/98 Deferred imitation of objectrelated actions in enculturated, juvenile greatapes. Paper presented at Conference on Human Development, Mobile, AL. http://www.psy.fau.edu/dev/dfb/research.html