Mary Lucy Cartwright Dame Mary Lucy Cartwright December 17, 1900 April 3, 1998 Mary Cartwright was born on December 17, 1900 in Aynho, Northamptonshire, England. http://www.agnesscott.edu/lriddle/women/cartwght.htm
Extractions: Dame Mary Lucy Cartwright December 17, 1900 - April 3, 1998 During the 1940's Mary Cartwright worked with John Littlewood on the solutions of the Van der Pol equation and discovered many of the phenomena that later became known as "chaos". In his review of Ian Stewart's book, Nature's Numbers , Dyson writes about this work Cartwright had been working with Littlewod on the solutions of the [ Van der Pol] equation, which describe the output of a nonlinear radio amplifier when the input is a pure sine-wave. The whole development of radio in World War Two depended on highpower amplifiers, and it was a matter of life and death to have amplifiers that did what they were supposed to do. The soldiers were plaqued with amplifliers that misbehaved, and blamed the manufacturers for their erratic behavior. Cartwright and Littlewood discovered that the manufacturers were not to blame. The equation itself was to blame. They discovered that as you raise the gain of the amplifier, the solutions of the equation become more and more irregular. At low power the solution has the same period as the input, but as the power increases you see solutions with double the period, and finally you have solutions that are not periodic at all. Cartwright had a distinguished career in analytic function theory and university administration, publishing numerous papers on classical analysis, differential equations and related topological problems. In 1947 Cartwright became the first woman mathematician to be elected as a Fellow of the Royal Society of England. She was elected President of the London Mathematical Society in 1951, received the Sylvester Medal of the Royal Society in 1964, the De Morgan Medal of the London Mathematical Society in 1968, and in 1969 became Dame Mary Cartwright (the female equivalent of a knighthood).
Cartwright Dame Mary Lucy Cartwright. In 1969 she received the distinction of being honouredby the Queen, becoming Dame Mary Cartwright, Commander of the British Empire. http://www-gap.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/Mathematicians/Cartwright.html
Extractions: Mary Cartwright 's father was in the Church, and at the time of Mary's birth he was the Vicar at Aynho. When she was eleven years old, she was sent away to school, first attending Leamington High School, then later attending the Godolphin School in Salisbury. Her best subject at school was history but it had the disadvantage of requiring much effort in learning endless lists of facts. When she was encouraged in her studies of mathematics in her final year at school, Mary realised that it was a topic where one could succeed without the long hours of learning facts. It became the topic that she wanted to study at university. In October 1919 Cartwright entered St Hugh's College in Oxford to study mathematics. At that time she was one of only five women in the whole university who were studying mathematics. This was a difficult time to enter university since World War I having just ended, there were large numbers of men returning from the army who were either restarting the university studies they had begun before the war or taking up their studies for the first time. The lecture halls were crowded and often Cartwright had to copy up notes of lectures which she could not get into because of the crowds. After two years of study she took her Mathematical Moderations examinations and was awarded second class. It was not only Cartwright who had found the crowded conditions hard, for there were very few first class awards that year. This did nothing, however, to stop a deep sense of disappointment at failing to get the first class that she had aimed for, and Cartwright seriously considered giving up mathematics altogether and returning to her first love of history. It was a painful decision, over which she agonised for some time. However, she was enjoying mathematics so much and she still remembered the long hours of learning facts when studying history at school. She decided to stick with her mathematics course but [3]:-
Virtual Encyclopedia Of Mathematics carlyle thomas carnot lazare nicolas marguérite carnot sadi nicolas léonard cartanelie joseph cartan henri paul cartwright dame mary lucy casorati felice http://www.lacim.uqam.ca/~plouffe/Simon/supermath.html
Mary Lucy CARTWRIGHT Caroline SERIES Obituary dame mary Lucy cartwright DBE (19001998), European Mathematical Society Newsletter, December http://www.desargues.univ-lyon1.fr/home/fem/biblio/biblio-1-12.html
Mary Lucy Cartwright, 1900-1998 I first saw mary cartwright in 1950, at the International Congress of Mathematicians at Harvard. the Royal Society in 1947 and was named dame of the British Empire in 1969. http://www.siam.org/siamnews/07-98/mlcart.htm
Extractions: Mary Lucy Cartwright, 1900-1998 I first saw Mary Cartwright in 1950, at the International Congress of Mathematicians at Harvard. At a session in what was then called "The New Lecture Hall," I asked a friend, "Who is that lady sitting next to Norbert Wiener?" His answer was immediate: "Oh, that is Mary Cartwright." If I now had the guts to turn this true story into a version of the classic joke, I would have written "Who is that man sitting next to Mary Cartwright?" Mary Lucy Cartwright. (Photograph courtesy of The Mistress and Fellows, Girton College, Cambridge.) I was familiar with the name because I had read some of her papers on integral (i.e., entire) functions, the area of my own thesis, and within a few years, I made use of one of her results from 1936. Within a few years also, there would appear two books on entire functions-one by my thesis adviser, Ralph Boas (1954), which contained substantial references to Cartwright's work, and then one by Cartwright herself (1956), both of which I studied carefully. But my intention here is not to provide a description of her mathematical work in complex variables and nonlinear differential equations; that has been done far better by more qualified people. (See, for example, the article by Shawnee L. McMurran and James J. Tattersall on the long mathematical collaboration between Mary Cartwright and J.E. Littlewood in The American Mathematical Monthly, Vol. 103, December 1996, pages 833-845.) My intention is to provide a description of her personality as I experienced it.
Cartwright Biography of mary cartwright (19001998) dame mary Lucy cartwright. Born 17 Dec 1900 in Aynho, Northamptonshire, England http://www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/Mathematicians/Cartwright.html
Extractions: Mary Cartwright 's father was in the Church, and at the time of Mary's birth he was the Vicar at Aynho. When she was eleven years old, she was sent away to school, first attending Leamington High School, then later attending the Godolphin School in Salisbury. Her best subject at school was history but it had the disadvantage of requiring much effort in learning endless lists of facts. When she was encouraged in her studies of mathematics in her final year at school, Mary realised that it was a topic where one could succeed without the long hours of learning facts. It became the topic that she wanted to study at university. In October 1919 Cartwright entered St Hugh's College in Oxford to study mathematics. At that time she was one of only five women in the whole university who were studying mathematics. This was a difficult time to enter university since World War I having just ended, there were large numbers of men returning from the army who were either restarting the university studies they had begun before the war or taking up their studies for the first time. The lecture halls were crowded and often Cartwright had to copy up notes of lectures which she could not get into because of the crowds. After two years of study she took her Mathematical Moderations examinations and was awarded second class. It was not only Cartwright who had found the crowded conditions hard, for there were very few first class awards that year. This did nothing, however, to stop a deep sense of disappointment at failing to get the first class that she had aimed for, and Cartwright seriously considered giving up mathematics altogether and returning to her first love of history. It was a painful decision, over which she agonised for some time. However, she was enjoying mathematics so much and she still remembered the long hours of learning facts when studying history at school. She decided to stick with her mathematics course but [3]:-
References For Cartwright Math. Soc. 46 (2) (1999), 214220. C Series, Obituary dame mary CartwrightDBE (1900-1998) (9 April 1998, Guardian). C Series, Obituary http://www-gap.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/References/Cartwright.html
Extractions: M L Cartwright, Moments in a girl's life, Bull. Inst. Math. Appl. S L McMurran and J J Tattersall, The mathematical collaboration of M L Cartwright and J E Littlewood, Amer. Math. Monthly S L McMurran and J J Tattersall, Mary Cartwright (1900 - 1998), Notices Amer. Math. Soc. C Series, Obituary : Dame Mary Cartwright DBE (1900-1998) (9 April 1998, Guardian). C Series, Obituary : Dame Mary Cartwright DBE (1900-1998), European Mathematical Society Newsletter Main index Birthplace Maps Biographies Index
Dame Mary Cartwright Obituaries, Electronic Telegraph, Saturday 11 April 1998. dame mary cartwright.Mistress of Girton whose mathematical work formed the basis of chaos theory. http://www.physics.ucla.edu/~cwp/articles/ebcart11.html
Extractions: Obituaries, Electronic Telegraph, Saturday 11 April 1998 Dame Mary Cartwright Mistress of Girton whose mathematical work formed the basis of chaos theory DAME Mary Cartwright, who has died aged 97, was one of most eminent British mathematicians of the century, and between 1949 and 1968 Mistress of Girton College, Cambridge - the longest tenure in the college's history. Mary Lucy Cartwright was born on December 17 1900 at Aynho, Northamptonshire, where her father was curate and later rector. At first educated by governesses, Mary was later sent away to various schools, including Godolphin, in Salisbury. Her younger brother Frederick, a Rugbeian, would end his career as deputy chairman of the British Steel Corp-oration. In 1919 Mary Cartwright went up to St Hugh's College, Oxford, to read mathematics. Owing to the gaps in her schooling she felt herself ill-prepared for the course, and in 1921 obtained only a Second in Moderations. Tempted to change to history, she rejected this option because it seemed to entail rather too much work. Her breakthrough as a mathematician came in her third year, when V C Morton, later professor of mathematics at Aberystwyth, suggested at a party on a barge in Eights Week that she should attend evening classes of the great G H Hardy, then Savilian Professor of Geometry. Mary Cartwright went on to obtain a First in 1923, only the second year in which women took Final degrees at Oxford.
Mary Cartwright 19001998 dame mary cartwright, 1950. memcartwright.qxp 12/28/98 1022 AM Page 214 http://www.ams.org/notices/199902/mem-cartwright.pdf
CWP At Physics.UCLA.edu // Cartwright mary cartwright made many contributions in classical analysis, but is best rememberedby Medal, 1964 London Maths Society De Morgan Medal, 1968 dame of the http://www.physics.ucla.edu/~cwp/Phase2/Cartwright,_Mary_Lucy@951234567.html
Extractions: "Her prescient work ... anticipated some of the geometrical ideas that are fundamental to chaotic dynamics and represents an important milestone in the evolution of our thinking about dynamical complexity." William Newman "Mary Cartwright made many contributions in classical analysis , but is best remembered by many for her work on forced nonlinear oscillations. On reading her papers on these latter applications, it is clear that she had a deep and abiding appreciation for the physical phenomenon as well as its underlying mathematics. Her prescient work (especially with Littlewood) anticipated some of the geometrical ideas that are fundamental to chaotic dynamics and represents an important milestone in the evolution of our thinking about dynamical complexity." William Newman "On non-linear differential equations of the second order,"
References For Cartwright References for the biography of mary cartwright C Series, Obituary dame mary cartwright DBE (19001998) (9 April 1998, Guardian). http://www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/References/Cartwright.html
Extractions: M L Cartwright, Moments in a girl's life, Bull. Inst. Math. Appl. S L McMurran and J J Tattersall, The mathematical collaboration of M L Cartwright and J E Littlewood, Amer. Math. Monthly S L McMurran and J J Tattersall, Mary Cartwright (1900 - 1998), Notices Amer. Math. Soc. C Series, Obituary : Dame Mary Cartwright DBE (1900-1998) (9 April 1998, Guardian). C Series, Obituary : Dame Mary Cartwright DBE (1900-1998), European Mathematical Society Newsletter Main index Birthplace Maps Biographies Index
Dame Mary Lucy Cartwright Translate this page dame mary Lucy cartwright. Il padre di mary cartwright era un cristiano,equando lei nacque,era il parroco di Aynho.Quando lei ebbe http://www.geocities.com/palestra_matematica/matematici/cartwright.html
I Grandi Matematici E Fisici Broglie. Francesco Severi, SunYung Alice Chang, Janos Boylai. CharlotteAngas Scott, dame mary Lucy cartwright, Augusta Ada King. August http://www.geocities.com/palestra_matematica/matematici/matematici.html
Cartwright Mathematician dame mary Lucy cartwright. Born Dec 17, 1900 in Aynho,Northamptonshire, England. Died 3, April 1998. mary cartwright http://members.fortunecity.com/jonhays/Cartwright.html
Extractions: Mary Cartwright graduated from Oxford in 1923; taught 4 years in schools before reading for her D.Phil. Appointed Lecturer in Mathematics at Cambridge University in 1935, as a Reader in the Theory of Functions 1959-1968, wrote more than 50 papers in this mathematical subject. Elected in 1947 to the Royal Society. Received many other honours including, in 1964, the Royal Society Sylvester Medal (named for the great 19th century algebraist, Joseph Sylvester), with the comment: ... in recognition of her distinguished contributions to analysis and the theory of functions of a real and complex variable. She also received, in 1968, the London Mathematical Society De Morgan Medal (named for the 19th century logician-algebraist, Augustus De Morgan.
Notre Dame Theatre Chronology 78 JB cartwright William Mills Daphne cartwright Beverly Watson Loretta Anderlohr,Marge Singler, mary Barany, Carol from University of Notre dame Archives. http://classic.archives.nd.edu/theatre/plays078.htm
Notre Dame Theatre Chronology 98 1968 Sponsoring/Producing Organization Notre dame/Saint mary's Charles P. LehmanCostumes by mary Kay Vrancken Maltilda B. cartwright Judith Muench Big Jule http://classic.archives.nd.edu/theatre/plays098.htm
List Of Names C Ann (Australia) Carter, Angela (UK) Carter, Lynda (USA) cartwright, dame Sylvia (New Chamberlain,Lindy (Australia) no biog June 2 Chase, mary Châtelet-Lomont http://www.nwmc.org.au/history2/biogs/1listnamesc.htm
Encyclopædia Britannica dame mary Lucy cartwright University of St Andrews, Scotland Biography of thismathematician who developed a theorem that gave an estimate for the maximum http://www.britannica.com/search?query=dame kathleen mary kenyon&seo
Extractions: Rolls correct as at 28 January 2003 Until May 1996 all New Zealand knights and dames were either Knights Bachelor or knights or dames within one of several British Orders of Chivalry. In May 1996 The New Zealand Order of Merit, of five levels, was instituted. The first and second levels of The New Zealand Order of Merit were knighthoods and damehoods. In May 2000 titles within the New Zealand Order of Merit were discontinued and new designations were approved for the first and second levels of the Order. The various insignia (badges, breast stars, miniatures and lapel badges) for both levels remain unchanged. New Designations Former Designations Principal Companions (PCNZM) Knights and Dames Grand Companion (GNZM) Distinguished Companions (DCNZM) Knights and Dames Companion (KNZM/DNZM) THE NEW ZEALAND