CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Christopher Clavius (Catholic Encyclopedia)Category Society Religion and Spirituality CChristopher Clavius. Christoph Clau, mathematician and astronomer,whose most important achievement related to the reform of the http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/04009a.htm
Extractions: Home Encyclopedia Summa Fathers ... C > Christopher Clavius A B C D ... Z Christoph Clau, mathematician and astronomer, whose most important achievement related to the reform of the calendar under Gregory XIII ; born at Bamberg, Bavaria, 1538; died at Rome, 12 February, 1612. The German form of his name was latinized into "Clavius". He entered the Society of Jesus in 1555 and his especial talent for mathematical research showed itself even in his preliminary studies at Coimbra. Called to Rome by his superiors as teacher of this branch of science at the well-known Collegium Romanum, he was engaged uninterruptedly there until his death. the greatest scholars of his time, such men as Tycho Brahe, Johann Kepler, Galileo Galilei clavis , "key"), that he was appointed a cardinal, that he met his death by the thrust of a mad bull, etc. His relations with Galilei , with whom he remained on friendly terms until his death, have also been often misrepresented. The best evidence of the actual achievements of the great man is presented by his numerous writings, which at the end of his life he reissued at Mainz in five huge folio volumes in a collective edition under the title, "Christophori Clavii e Scoietate Jesu opera mathematica, quinque tomis distributa". The first contains the Euclidian geometry and the "Spheric" of Theodosius (Sphaericorum Libri III); the second, the practical geometry and algebra; the third is composed of a complete commentary upon the "Sphaera" of Joannes de Sacro Bosco (John Holywood), and a dissertation upon the astrolabe; the fourth contains what was up to that time the most detailed and copious discussion of gnomonics, i.e. the art of constructing all possible sun-dials; finally, the fifth contains the best and most fundamental exposition of the reform of the calendar accomplished under
Christopher Clavius Christopher Clavius (15371612). Nothing is known of Clavius's earlylife, except that he was born in Bamberg in the German region. http://es.rice.edu/ES/humsoc/Galileo/People/clavius.html
Extractions: Nothing is known of Clavius's early life, except that he was born in Bamberg in the German region. We do not even know his German name, although various possibilities have been suggested. Clavius grew up during the initial stages of the Protestant Reformation in a region of Germany, Franconia, that remained Catholic. Three years after he was born, Ignatius de Loyola founded the Jesuit order with ten initial members; its membership had reached about a thousand by 1555, when Clavius was admitted to the order in Rome, a month before his seventeenth birthday. In 1556 he was sent to the university of Coimbra in Portugal, where the Jesuits had founded their own college. Here he took the normal university curriculum but excelled in the mathematical subjects, and his observation of the total solar eclipse of 1560 made him decide that astronomy would be his life's work. In 1560 he returned to Rome and began his study of theology at the Collegio Romano . He was ordained in 1564 while still pursuing his theological studies. In 1575 he became a full member of the order. He began teaching the mathematical subjects at the college as early as 1564 and, except for a two-year stay in Naples, he was on the faculty of the Collegio Romano until his death in 1612. As the foremost mathematician of the Jesuit order, Clavius wrote a number of textbooks, all of which went through numerous editions during his life. These include his version of Euclid's
Clavius Christopher Clavius. Born 25 Christopher Clavius entered the Jesuit Orderin 1555 and received his education within the Order. He attended http://www-gap.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/Mathematicians/Clavius.html
Extractions: Christopher Clavius entered the Jesuit Order in 1555 and received his education within the Order. He attended the University of Coimbra in Portugal. Following this he went to Italy and studied theology at the Jesuit Collegio Romano in Rome. He remained at the Collegio Romano were he taught mathematics. In fact, except for a period in Naples around 1596 and a visit to Spain in 1597, Clavius was to remain Professor of Mathematics at the Collegio Romano for the rest of his life. The Julian leap-year rule created 3 leap years too many in every period of 385 years. As a result, the actual occurrence of the equinoxes and solstices slowly moved away from their calendar dates. The date of the spring equinox determines the date of Easter so the church began to press for reform. Clavius proposed that Wednesday, Oct. 4, 1582 (Julian) should be followed by Thursday, Oct. 15, 1582 (Gregorian). He proposed that leap years occur in years exactly divisible by four, except that years ending in 00 must be divisible by 400 to be leap years. This rule is still used today and is so accurate that no further reform of the calendar will be necessary for many centuries.
Virtual Encyclopedia Of Mathematics marquise du clairaut alexis claude clapeyron benoit paul emile clarke samuel clausenthomas clausius rudolf julius emmanuel clavius christopher clebsch rudolf http://www.lacim.uqam.ca/~plouffe/Simon/supermath.html
Christoph Clavius Jesuit was an astronomer and mathematician who engineered the reform of the Gregorian calendar. Read a biography, or follow textual links. The Jesuit mathematician and astronomer christopher clavius Clau (15371612). http://www.hao.ucar.edu/public/education/sp/images/clavius.html
Extractions: The Jesuit mathematician and astronomer Christopher Clavius [Clau] (1537-1612). Born in Bamberg in 1537, Clavius joined the Jesuit order in 1555, and studied at Coimbra. Clavius was one of the major architect of the Gregorian calendar reform of 1582, and remained professor of mathematics at the Jesuit's Collegio Romano until his death on February 6 1612. In 1570 Clavius wrote what was to become one of the most influential textbook on astronomy of its days, in the form of a commentary on the so-called Spheres of Sacrobosco. In the catholic world, this was the textbook for three generations of astronomers, including Galileo , and most particularly for Jesuit astronomers throughout the world. In later editions of his book Clavius pronounced himself relatively favorably on the Copernican system as a mathematical model, but to the end of his life rejected its physical reality. Until Galileo's condemnation in 1633, this was also the official position of the Roman ecclesiastic authorities. Clavius was chief astronomer at the Jesuit's Collegio Romano at the time of Galileo's first telescopic discoveries, and was still quite active despite his advancing age. He pronounced himself favorably concerning the physical reality of most of these telescopic observations. His doing so effectively silenced the first wave of opposition to Galileo. He did not agree with all of Galileo's interpretations however, and in particular remained staunchly opposed to the notion of mountains on the Moon.
Select Clavius Bibliography Get publication information for these books and resources about the Renaissance mathematician christopher clavius. Homann, Frederick A. "christopher clavius and the Renaissance of Euclidean Geometry." http://www.sal.wisc.edu/~lattis/clavius/BIBLIO.HTM
Extractions: For a more complete bibliography consult Lattis, Between Copernicus and Galileo (below). Baldini, Ugo. "Christoph Clavius and the Scientific Scene in Rome." In Gregorian Reform of the Calendar , 137- 69. In George V. Coyne, M. A. Hoskin, O. Pedersen, eds. Gregorian Reform of the Calendar: Proceedings of the Vatican Conference to Commemorate its 400th Anniversary, 1582-1982 Legem impone subactis: Studi su filosofia e scienza dei Gesuiti in Italia, 1540-1632 Annali dell'Istituto e Museo di Storia della Scienza di Firenze 6 (1981) fasc. 2: 63-98. Blackwell, Richard J. Galileo, Bellarmine, and the Bible Giornale di Astronomia 10 (1984): 149-55. Galilei, Galileo. Sidereus Nuncius or The Sidereal Messenger . Translated and edited by Albert Van Helden. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1989. Harris, Steven. "Transposing the Merton Thesis: Apostolic Spirituality and the Establishment of the Jesuit Scientific Tradition." Science in Context 3 (1989): 29-65. Homann, Frederick A. "Christopher Clavius and the Renaissance of Euclidean Geometry."
Christopher Clavius, S.J. christopher clavius, S.J. The expression "Jesuit Tradition" stimulates unexpected reactions even among colleagues in our own schools. http://www.faculty.fairfield.edu/jmac/sj/scientists/clavius.htm
Extractions: Christopher Clavius, S.J. The expression "Jesuit Tradition" stimulates unexpected reactions even among colleagues in our own schools. It intimidates some whose image of the Society came from books like Shogun , so that they see the Society as a kind of fanatical and evil empire. Others are uncomfortable with the idea of being engaged in some form of Christocentric plot in which they seem to be only marginally included. Finally there are those who use the expression to justify academic programs that have nothing to do with Jesuits or Tradition. In 1988 on this 450th anniversary of Christopher Clavius' birth it is fitting to anticipate the 450th anniversary of the Society by recalling a Jesuit mathematician who embodies the Jesuit tradition of scholarship, dedication and service. Unfortunately, we cannot say that he is a typical Jesuit educator, but he is a flesh and blood illustration of what we Jesuits think we are trying to accomplish along with our non-Jesuit colleagues in the educational apostolate. Once a New York Times front page story (7/6/79) related discoveries by astronomers that the sun is shrinking. Their evidence was a ring of light at total eclipse which had been meticulously recorded by the sixteenth century Jesuit astronomer Christopher Clavius, and today that ring is missing. It is this kind of periodic intrusion into the development of astronomy that has earned Clavius a place of esteem in every significant history of science for the past four centuries. His name is inscribed in stone on libraries and universities such as the Sorbonne and portraits of him hang in museums throughout the world. He appears on the tomb of Pope Gregory in the Vatican while one of the largest craters on the moon is named in his honor. His works are described in the earliest editions of the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London.
Clavius : Le Jésuite Qui Subtilisa 10 Jours ! comme le responsable du calendrier actuel le Père christopher clavius. Sollicité par le Concile de Trente, http://www.jesuites.com/histoire/clavius.htm
Extractions: qui subtilisa 10 jours ! Sans entrer dans le débat, commémorons ici le jésuite qui est considéré comme le responsable du calendrier actuel : le Père Christopher Clavius. Sollicité par le Concile de Trente, Grégoire XIII entreprit en 1579 la réforme du calendrier adopté en 1578. Le Pape Grégoire fit installer à l'endroit le plus élevé du Vatican la Tour des Vents, un observatoire où des jésuites sous la direction du Père Clavius furent appelés à faire des recherches qui pourraient servir de base à la réforme du calendrier. Le Père Clavius, né en Bavière en 1538, était un éminent mathématicien professeur au Collège Romain, lorsque le Pape demanda ses services au Vatican. En 1580 les propositions de Clavius étaient prêtes, mais leur mise en vigueur fut retardée jusqu'à la signature par le Pape du décret qui stipulait que le 4 octobre 1582, fête de S. François d'Assise serait suivi du 15 octobre, supprimant ainsi dix jours du calendrier. C'est pourquoi il est dit que S. Thérèse d'Avila est morte "dans la nuit du 4 au 15 octobre 1582" !
CLAVIUS clavius, christopher, (Al.1538It.1612), foi o astrônomo jesuíta que ajudou o papa Gregory XIII a introduzir o que é http://www.cobra.pages.nom.br/fm-clavius.html
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Index For C Titular see in Asia Minor Claudiopolis Claver, Saint Peter Clavigero, Francisco Saverio Mexican Jesuit (17311787) clavius, christopher Mathematician and http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/c.htm
Clavius Biography of christopher clavius (15381612) christopher clavius. Born 25 March 1538 in Bamberg (now in Germany) http://www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/Mathematicians/Clavius.html
Extractions: Christopher Clavius entered the Jesuit Order in 1555 and received his education within the Order. He attended the University of Coimbra in Portugal. Following this he went to Italy and studied theology at the Jesuit Collegio Romano in Rome. He remained at the Collegio Romano were he taught mathematics. In fact, except for a period in Naples around 1596 and a visit to Spain in 1597, Clavius was to remain Professor of Mathematics at the Collegio Romano for the rest of his life. The Julian leap-year rule created 3 leap years too many in every period of 385 years. As a result, the actual occurrence of the equinoxes and solstices slowly moved away from their calendar dates. The date of the spring equinox determines the date of Easter so the church began to press for reform. Clavius proposed that Wednesday, Oct. 4, 1582 (Julian) should be followed by Thursday, Oct. 15, 1582 (Gregorian). He proposed that leap years occur in years exactly divisible by four, except that years ending in 00 must be divisible by 400 to be leap years. This rule is still used today and is so accurate that no further reform of the calendar will be necessary for many centuries.
Search Results For Clavius Biographies. clavius (in a new window) christopher clavius . christopher claviusentered the Jesuit Order in 1555 and received his education within the Order. http://www-gap.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/Search/historysearch.cgi?SUGGESTION=Cla
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA Clavius, Christopher christopher clavius. Christoph Clau, mathematician and astronomer,whose most important achievement related to the reform of the http://www.knight.org/advent/cathen/04009a.htm
Clavius [Klau], Christoph EC Philips, The Correspondence of Father christopher clavius, SI, Archivum historicum Societas Iesu, 8 (1939), 193222. Edmond http://es.rice.edu/ES/humsoc/Galileo/Catalog/Files/clavius.html
Extractions: Clavius [Klau], Christoph Note: the creators of the Galileo Project and this catalogue cannot answer email on genealogical questions. 1. Dates Born: Bamberg, c. 25 March 1538 Died: Rome, 6 February 1612 Dateinfo: Dates Certain Lifespan: 2. Father Occupation: No Information No information on financial status. 3. Nationality Birth: Germany Career: Italy Death: Italy 4. Education Schooling: Coimbra, Collegio Romano, D.D. Studied for a time at the University of Coimbra (Portugal). One statement indicates that he was there in 1559. From ca. 1563, studied theology at the Collegio Romano in Rome. From subsequent career I assume a B.A., and as a Jesuit who had taken all four vows, he had to have had a degree in theology. 5. Religion Affiliation: Catholic, a Jesuit. He entered the Jesuit order in 1555. 6. Scientific Disciplines Primary: Mathematics, Astronomy 1574: Elements of Euclid, which contained thoughts of his own. Also an Algebra in 1608. Clavius was a supporter of the Ptolemaic system. He was the major technical advisor on the calendar reform. 7. Means of Support
Extractions: Martayan Lan, Inc. EXCEEDINGLY RARE WITH TWO UNRECORDED CANCELS MAUROLYCO, Francesco / [ed. CLAVIUS, Christopher]. Naples Tarquinio Longi 1611 Extremely rare first edition, and an interesting copy (with 2 unrecorded cancels) of Maurolycos most important work, posthumously published, anticipating Kepler in a number of respects. The work contains advances in optics so fundamental for the theory of perspective that it is the very first item in Vagnettis bibliography (Aa1). This item is listed on Bibliopoly by Martayan Lan, Inc. ; click here for further details.
The Clavius Group Introduces an international association of Catholic mathematicians and describes its events.Category Society Religion and Spirituality Scholarly (christopher clavius, SJ in 1596). clavius group at Fairfield Universityin 1998. christopher clavius, SJ The Euclid of the Sixteenth Century. http://www.faculty.fairfield.edu/jmac/cl/clavius.htm
LookSmart - Christopher Clavius clavius, christopher Catholic Encyclopedia Encyclopedia biography of the Jesuitmathematician focuses on his revision of the calendar and his friendship with http://canada.looksmart.com/eus1/eus302562/eus317836/eus317914/eus328800/eus5187
LookSmart - Notable Mathematicians Ceva, Tomasso, Minkowski, Hermann, Other Mathematicians LR, clavius, christopher,Napier, John, Other Mathematicians SZ, Condorcet, Marie, Newton, Sir Isaac, http://canada.looksmart.com/eus1/eus302562/eus317836/eus317914/eus328800/eus5187