Extractions: Home Encyclopedia Summa Fathers ... J > Joannes de Sacrobosco A B C D ... Z (John Holywood), a monk of English origin, lived in the first half of the thirteenth century as professor of astronomy at Paris; died in that city, 1256. Computus ), a tract on arithmetic ( Algorithmus ), and a small work in the field of practical geometry ( De Compositione quadrantis simplicis et compositi et utilitatibus utriusque ). In the latter there is one of the oldest examples of the figures then found almost invariably on the reverse of the so-called astrolabe, a graduated quadrant with the help of which one could obtain the different hours of the day from the observation of the sun's height. ADOLF MULLER
Extractions: To expand search, see Medieval Europe . Laterally related topics: Leonardo of Pisa (Fibonacci) Gerbert, Pope Sylvester II The Liberal Arts Alexander de Villa Dei ... England in the Middle Ages , and France in the Middle Ages The Mathematics and the Liberal Arts pages are intended to be a resource for student research projects and for teachers interested in using the history of mathematics in their courses. Many pages focus on ethnomathematics and in the connections between mathematics and other disciplines. The notes in these pages are intended as much to evoke ideas as to indicate what the books and articles are about. They are not intended as reviews. However, some items have been reviewed in Mathematical Reviews , published by The American Mathematical Society. When the mathematical review (MR) number and reviewer are known to the author of these pages, they are given as part of the bibliographic citation. Subscribing institutions can access the more recent MR reviews online through MathSciNet Sleight, E. R. The Art of Nombryng.
John Of Holywood john of holywood Johannes or Ioannes de Sacrobosco or Sacrobusco (john of holywood) was the author of a handful of widely read medieval texts on mathematics and astronomy. http://www.btinternet.com/~e.johnston/holywood/john_holywood.html
Extractions: John of Holywood Johannes or Ioannes de Sacrobosco or Sacrobusco (John of Holywood) was the author of a handful of widely read medieval texts on mathematics and astronomy. Only the faintest sense of his life can be inferred; most details are speculation. Nearly all published details are, in fact, errors either invented, interpolated or propagated by commentators and authors from the Middle Ages, to eighteenth and nineteenth century antiquarians, to uncritical modern compilers. For hundreds of years his name was a household word to any student of the liberal arts. The seven artes liberales included grammar, rhetoric and logic (the trivium ) and arithmetic, geometry, astronomy and music (the
Biografie - John Of Holywood 4°. (mm 200x142). 47 ff, 1 blank. Full page woodcut of a seated astronomer between Arithmetics and Astronomy, surrounded by zodiacal signs, diagrams and illustrations in text, decorated and historiated initials. Title page a bit soiled and with http://galileo.imss.firenze.it/milleanni/cronologia/biografie/sacrobos.html
Sacrobosco john of holywood or Johannes de Sacrobosco was educated at Oxford. He became a canonof the Order of St Augustine at the monastery of Holywood in Nithsdale. http://www-gap.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/Mathematicians/Sacrobosco.html
Extractions: John of Holywood or Johannes de Sacrobosco was educated at Oxford. He became a canon of the Order of St Augustine at the monastery of Holywood in Nithsdale. In 1220 Sacrobosco went to study in Paris. Although almost all dates for Sacrobosco are guesses we do know one date precisely for, on 5 June 1221, he was appointed a teacher at the University of Paris. Soon after this he became professor of mathematics at Paris. Sacrobosco promoted Arabic methods of arithmetic and algebra in his teachings. In De Algorismo he discusses calculating with positive integers. The work contains 11 chapters, one each on topics such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, square roots and cube roots. In 1220 Sacrobosco wrote Tractatus de Sphaera a book on astronomy in four chapters. The first chapter deals with the shape and place of the Earth within a spherical universe. The second chapter deals with various circles on the shy. The third chapter describes rising and setting of heavenly bodies from different geographical locations while the fourth chapter gives a brief introduction to Ptolemy 's theory of the planets and of eclipses.
IJ Index 734*) Jensen, Johan (539*) Jerrard, George (245) Jevons, William (1771*) Joachimsthal,Ferdinand (368*) John, Fritz (1077*) john of holywood (328) Johnson http://www-gap.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/Indexes/IJ.html
Categories - Mathematics And The Liberal Arts Sacrobosco (john of holywood); * The Liberal Arts. The Stone Builders;The Neolithic Era; The Paleolithic Era; The Renaissance Renaissance http://math.truman.edu/~thammond/history/Categories.html
Extractions: The two main headings are Mathematical People (divided primarily Chronologically and Geographically ), and Mathematical Topics . Categories marked with an asterisk (*) are not treated as subcategories of the heading above them, but are closely related just the same. The Mathematics and the Liberal Arts pages are intended to be a resource for student research projects and for teachers interested in using the history of mathematics in their courses. Many pages focus on ethnomathematics and in the connections between mathematics and other disciplines. The notes in these pages are intended as much to evoke ideas as to indicate what the books and articles are about. They are not intended as reviews. However, some items have been reviewed in Mathematical Reviews , published by The American Mathematical Society. When the mathematical review (MR) number and reviewer are known to the author of these pages, they are given as part of the bibliographic citation. Subscribing institutions can access the more recent MR reviews online through MathSciNet General Historians Mathematical People(s) Mathematical People(s), Organized Chronologically
Extractions: Chronology Based on statistical, census and antiquarian accounts Neolithic - Earthwork causeways (cursus), burials and, later, at least one stone circle (later dubbed ' The Twelve Apostles ') built through the parish. The area was a religious/ceremonial/occupation centre of some significance. 6th century AD - Irish preacher Congal (?) said to have settled in the oaken wood (Dair Congal in gaelic is 'the oak of Congal'). Said to have died in 602. 'Reviresco', 'Holywood: A Forgotten Dumfriesshire Abbey', Gallavidian Annual (1922), pp. 4-40. Late 12th century - 'Reviresco' suggests that John, Lord of Kirkconnell of the Maxwell family was responsible for the establishment of Holywood Abbey c1121. Later historians put the foundation closer to 1180. The abbey was founded by the Premonstratensian Order, which followed the rule of St. Augustine. Six other monasteries of this Order were founded in Scotland, including Saulseat, Whithorn and Tongland in Galloway. The Abbey was documented by the names Dercongal, Drumcongal, Dercongall (Celtic); Sacro Bosco, Sacri Nemoris, Sancti Nemoris Halywood (Latin); St.Bois, Saint Boyse, Seint Boyse, Le Wod (French); Haliwood, Halywood, Holtwood, Holywood and Holy Wood (Anglo-Saxon). John of Holywood (1195-1256) or Johannes de Sacrobosco, famous
Extractions: Also called John of Sacrobosco. Twelfth Century English translator who put together a book on spherical trigonometry called The Sphere from what he was able to understand of the ancient Greeks' work. The Sphere became the standard textbook in astronomy until the mid-fifteenth century. Like Gerard , the translator of the Almagest, John did not have the mathematical sophistication to comprehend any but the most basic concepts.
Biografie Translate this page top. Idrisi Imperato, Ferrante Ingoli, Francesco Ippocrate. top. Jenner,Edward john of holywood, detto Sacrobosco Jona-Lasinio, Giovanni. top. http://galileo.imss.firenze.it/milleanni/cronologia/biografie/indice.html
Biography-center - Letter J John IX, www.knight.org/advent/cathen/08425a.htm; john of holywood, wwwhistory.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/Mathematicians/Sacrobosco.html; http://www.biography-center.com/j.html
Extractions: random biography ! Any language Arabic Bulgarian Catalan Chinese (Simplified) Chinese (Traditional) Croatian Czech Danish Dutch English Estonian Finnish French German Greek Hebrew Hungarian Icelandic Indonesian Italian Japanese Korean Latvian Lithuanian Norwegian Polish Portuguese Romanian Russian Serbian Slovak Slovenian Spanish Swedish Turkish 242 biographies J., Maynard Keynes
History Of Astronomy: Persons (J) Johannes de Sacrobosco de Sacro Bosco; john of holywood (c.11951256)Short biography and references (MacTutor Hist. Math.); Short http://www.astro.uni-bonn.de/~pbrosche/persons/pers_j.html
Extractions: What's new at this site on July 22, 1999 Some URLs have been updated. Alexandre, Dom Jacques (1653-1734) Arnaldus Villanovanus [Arnaldus of Villanueva] (1235/1240-1312/1313) B Bouvet, Joachim (?-1732) C Cauchy, Augustin Louis [Augustin-Louis] (1789-1857) Short biography and references From the Catholic Encyclopedia, 1913
Science: History & Culture Mostly texts and translations. Iohannes de Sacrobosco (john of holywood). Sacrobosco;Biblical metaphors of knowledge in early modern Europe Week 3b. http://www.cc.gla.ac.uk/courses/science/shc/shc2002.htm
Extractions: Last updated 9 Mar 03: NOTE CHANGED SCHEDULE FOR WEEKS 8-11 What are the foundations of knowledge, and how reliable is what we believe? a level 1 core course, adopts an historical viewpoint and enrols philosophy and sociology to seek answers to these questions. Consisting of a series of lectures, self-study exercises and seminars, the course teaches not what to believe, but the bases of rational belief and informed judgement click on underlined links below to go to lecture notes or self-study page SELF-STUDY PAGES: Reasoned Thinking I Reasoned Thinking II Bibliography of Science Studies books
Paradigm, No. 16 (May, 1995) Sacrobosco (john of holywood) in his manuscript The Art of Nombryng (1488) extendedthe table to 10 x 10 and included all the reversals in the square http://w4.ed.uiuc.edu/faculty/westbury/Paradigm/denniss.html
Extractions: Essex CM1 4TN In this article two particular features of the presentation of multiplication tables (or, more accurately, the multiplication table, as it was always referred to) in textbooks are considered namely, the range of numbers to be included in the table and the organisation of the results on the page. The texts in question are all in English and cover the period from around 1300 (when what is thought to be the earliest arithmetical manuscript in English was written) to 1900, after which separate textbooks tended to be written for the Primary and Secondary schools, the latter not usually including tables at all and the former often giving results in partial form at different stages. (However, there was, and still is, considerable variation.) In all some 45 texts are considered. Dates in the body of this text refer to year of original publication. commutative principle (e.g. 3 x 4 = 4 x 3) and thus require children to learn nearly twice as many results as they need. It is therefore startling, perhaps, to find this principle recognised in the very earliest text The Crafte of Nombrynge (c. 1300):
Extractions: Origami is not "Japanese" art. We can recognize a picture in the 1490 edition of "Tractatus de Sphaera Mundi," which was written by Johannes de Sacrobosco (John of Holywood) in 13th century and printed over 60 times through the middle of 17th century, to be the same as that of Boat in "Ramma Zushiki." If it is really an origami boat, it is unlikely to have descended from Japan, since Japanese origami at that time would be ceremonial one if any. John Webster referred to a "paper prison" in his play "The Duchess of Malfi," which was premiered around 1614 and published in 1623. It is probably an origami model known as Water Bomb today. It does not appear in any Japanese sources of Edo era. We can find some unequivocal references to the origami of 19th century all across Europe. In addition, German National Museum has origami horses and riders, which are thought to have been folded around 1820. In the middle of 19th century, Friedrich Fröbel established the world first kindergarten. His educational system included some toys called "Gifts" and some plays called "Occupations." One of the occupations was undoubtedly origami. Only a few models of 19th century European origami can be found in contemporary Japanese sources. Even now, very few Japanese know Pajarita (Little Bird,) though every Spanish knows it. On the other hand, Orizuru was not known in Europe at that time though it was typical of Japanese classic origami.
Extractions: (also known as A.D.) Click on the Links to open informational window about that topic c.2872 B.C.E. Sargon of Agade uses astrologer priests for purposes of predictions 2079-1960 B.C.E Ziggarut at Urak, Ur and Babylon, ancient observatories that allowed the ability to record the movements of the celestial sky. c.1300-1236 B.C.E. Ramses II fixes the CARDINAL points, Aries, Libra,Cancer and Capricorn c.668 B.C.E. Earliest surviving horoscope 572-490 B.C.E. Pythagorus theory:what embodies greater wisdom=numbers, what embodies great beauty=harmony. The source of planetary aspects as we know today. 428-348 B.C.E.