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1. Linguistic Perspectives on Language
2. Linguistics of American Sign Language:
3. Language Universals and Linguistic
4. An Introduction to Language and
5. In the Land of Invented Languages:
6. Cognitive Exploration of Language
7. Language and Linguistics: An Introduction
8. Australian Sign Language (Auslan):
9. Corpus Linguistics: Investigating
10. The Anthropology of Language:
11. Linguistics of American Sign Language
12. Sign Language and Linguistic Universals
13. Language and Linguistics: The
14. Linguistics, Sixth Edition: An
15. The Language Instinct: How the
16. Language History, Language Change,
17. Magic, Power, Language, Symbol:
18. On Language: Chomsky's Classic
19. Understanding Language: Towards
20. Applying Cognitive Linguistics

1. Linguistic Perspectives on Language and Education
by Anita Barry
Paperback: 288 Pages (2007-06-10)
list price: US$46.40 -- used & new: US$39.74
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Asin: 0131589288
Average Customer Review: 3.0 out of 5 stars
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This book provides teachers with the background knowledge for understanding the role linguistics plays in literacy development.  It fits the linguistics for teachers course, a topic that is front and center of the field's need for pre-service and in-service teachers to understand language development and the role morphology, pragmatics, semantics, and syntax plays in literacy development and language acquisition. ... Read more

Customer Reviews (2)

4-0 out of 5 stars linguistic textbook
The text was required for my historical linguistics class. The book is actually smooth and not a burden to read. I think it is relevant for people thinking of teaching a second language to students.

2-0 out of 5 stars Bogus
This is irrational that the kindle version of this book is more expensive than the paper one.There is no printing or supplies involved.This item should be more affordable. ... Read more

2. Linguistics of American Sign Language: An Introduction, 4th Ed.
by Clayton Valli, Ceil Lucas, Kristin J. Mulrooney
Hardcover: 560 Pages (2005-08-15)
list price: US$75.00 -- used & new: US$49.99
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Asin: 1563682834
Average Customer Review: 4.5 out of 5 stars
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Featuring a completely revised section on morphology and syntax, 18 new and updated readings, and new homework assignments based on the accompanying DVD, the fourth edition of Linguistics of American Sign Language expands its purview as the standard introduction to ASL linguistics available today. The newly revised section offers new units on verbs in ASL, simple sentences in ASL, classifier predicates, syntax, and basic sentence types. The fourth edition also features groundbreaking research on iconic signs in ASL and the relationship between metaphor and iconicity in signed languages; variation in ASL; the different functions of space in ASL; and the artistic forms of ASL, including storytelling, percussion signing, drama, comedy, and poetry.

Updated references and expanded readings delineate all of the linguistic basics, including phonology, semantics, and language use. The fourth edition also provides new homework assignments that correspond to the ASL stories signed on the special DVD enclosed with this new volume.

... Read more

Customer Reviews (7)

5-0 out of 5 stars Linguistics Book Review
This book was required for my ASL III class. It is not something I would normally read, but it does have interesting information. The book came cellophane wrapped and in perfect condition. Just as stated. Came very quickly too. :-)

3-0 out of 5 stars Depends on the audience
If you are going to take only one linguistics class, and it has to be on the linguistics of signed languages, then this is an adequate text on the subject. If, however, you are trying to be a little better-rounded, I'd recommend reading a non-sign-specific Intro to linguistics text -- one that covers the basics primarily with spoken languages in mind -- then read the fundamental papers covered in Valli et al.

My reasoning behind this is twofold. First, the general linguistics component of this book is pretty weak, and appears to owe a lot to Language Files. Second, this text was designed for use at Gallaudet University, which seems determined to repeat the sins of other, more traditional programs, only through their particular looking-glass. Most linguistics departments are guilty of working with only half the data, namely the spoken languages of the world, in spite of the fact that signed languages have been acknowledged as fully-fledged languages for decades. Gallaudet's remedy? Only cover the other half of the data. If the goal of a general linguistics course of study is to get a broad picture of Language in its diversity, neither approach is sufficient -- and I would extend that to ASL/English (or ASL/Spanish, etc.) interpreters, as they need to speak and think intelligently about *both* their working languages.

5-0 out of 5 stars Very good
It was shipped earlier than the date listed on the site. Product is in great condition. Completely no hassle!

5-0 out of 5 stars Excellent book on the structure of ASL
This is an excellent book to understand the meaning of ASL and to analyze it.It is NOT a how to sign book, it is for those who know ASL at an intermediate level at least.It is a very interesting book and covers ALOT of information, but the homework activities included help absorb the information.It challenges your thinking.

I do suggest that you only read this book if you are really serious about ASL.It is a good book for those learning to be interpreters.

This book goes over the structure of ASL such as the phonological, morphological, syntactic, semantic and sociolinguistic structures.It teaches you how to think critically about ASL linguistics so you can have a better understanding of the structure as well as the history of the language, NOT a history of the people who use the language, but a history of the language itself and its changes from as early as the 1960's, by looking into the research linguists have done and are doing.

4-0 out of 5 stars Advanced ASL Syntax and Structure Book - Not For Beginners
The Linguistics of American Sign Language explains the morphology and syntax of ASL, not so much the 'how' as the 'why.'This book is useful for the advanced student of ASL, but not particularly helpful for a beginner.The authors, all current or former professors at Gallaudet University, explain in great detail the nuances of American Sign Language.
... Read more

3. Language Universals and Linguistic Typology: Syntax and Morphology
by Bernard Comrie
Paperback: 275 Pages (1989-07-15)
list price: US$25.00 -- used & new: US$17.85
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Asin: 0226114333
Average Customer Review: 5.0 out of 5 stars
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Since its first publication, Language Universals and Linguistic Typology has become established as the leading introductory account of one of the most productive areas of linguistics—the analysis, comparison, and classification of the common features and forms of the organization of languages. Adopting an approach to the subject pioneered by Greenberg and others, Bernard Comrie is particularly concerned with syntactico-semantic universals, devoting chapters to word order, case making, relative clauses, and causative constructions. His book is informed throughout by the conviction that an exemplary account of universal properties of human language cannot restrict itself to purely formal aspects, nor focus on analysis of a single language. Rather, it must also consider language use, relate formal properties to testable claims about cognition and cognitive development, and treat data from a wide range of languages. This second edition has been revised and updated to take full account of new research in universals and typology in the past decade, and more generally to consider how the approach advocated here relates to recent advances in generative grammatical theory.
... Read more

Customer Reviews (1)

5-0 out of 5 stars A magnificent introduction and reference.
Along with Paynes "Describing Morphosyntax" (ISBN: 0521588057), this book will help any student -- or entertain any enthusiast --of languages or linguistics.It treats various types of syntactic theory in a manner that (rarely among such useful works) is clear, engaging and (in places) enthralling.While drawing on the familiar "old standards" for grammatic comparison (Russian, Dyirbal, Yakut, Hikxaryana, Japanese, etc), the way comparisons are drawn between systems reveals isomorphisms and patterns that are certainly elegant and perhaps beautiful.Comrie has, as ever, produced a thing of wonder. ... Read more

4. An Introduction to Language and Linguistics
by Ralph Fasold, Jeffrey Connor-Linton
Hardcover: 556 Pages (2006-03-13)
list price: US$116.00 -- used & new: US$62.07
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Asin: 0521847680
Average Customer Review: 4.0 out of 5 stars
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This accessible textbook is the only introduction to linguistics in which each chapter is written by an expert who teaches courses on that topic, ensuring balanced and uniformly excellent coverage of the full range of modern linguistics. Assuming no prior knowledge the text offers a clear introduction to the traditional topics of structural linguistics (theories of sound, form, meaning, and language change), and in addition provides full coverage of contextual linguistics, including separate chapters on discourse, dialect variation, language and culture, and the politics of language. There are also up-to-date separate chapters on language and the brain, computational linguistics, writing, child language acquisition, and second-language learning. The breadth of the textbook makes it ideal for introductory courses on language and linguistics offered by departments of English, sociology, anthropology, and communications, as well as by linguistics departments. ... Read more

Customer Reviews (1)

4-0 out of 5 stars linguistics and phonetics
linguistics and phonetics go hand in hand - this is a great resource for an intro to how one feeds the other, with the primary emphasis on the spoken. highly recommended! ... Read more

5. In the Land of Invented Languages: Adventures in Linguistic Creativity, Madness, and Genius
by Arika Okrent
Paperback: 352 Pages (2010-05-11)
list price: US$16.00 -- used & new: US$9.97
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Asin: 0812980891
Average Customer Review: 4.5 out of 5 stars
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Here is the captivating story of humankind’s enduring quest to build a better language—and overcome the curse of Babel. Just about everyone has heard of Esperanto, which was nothing less than one man’s attempt to bring about world peace by means of linguistic solidarity. And every Star Trek fan knows about Klingon. But few people have heard of Babm, Blissymbolics, Loglan (not to be confused with Lojban), and the nearly nine hundred other invented languages that represent the hard work, high hopes, and full-blown delusions of so many misguided souls over the centuries. With intelligence and humor, Arika Okrent has written a truly original and enlightening book for all word freaks, grammar geeks, and plain old language lovers.
  ... Read more

Customer Reviews (23)

4-0 out of 5 stars Of interest to conlangers and linguists
This is an entertaining book that covers the history of invented languages back to medieval times. Okrent covers the fads and fallacies that motivated hundreds of language inventors in the 18th and 19th centuries, the many attempts to create a "universal" language in the 19th and 20th centuries (including, of course, the most famous one, Esperanto), and naturally includes chapters on Elvish and Klingon as well.

This is a book about history and pop culture, not a serious linguistics text. It's pretty comprehensive and a fairly light read, though a bit dry at times. If you have an interest in linguistics, and especially if you've ever indulged in "conlanging" yourself, you will enjoy it. Some of Okrent's personal anecdotes felt like padding to fill out the book, and the appendices in the back were definitely padding.

5-0 out of 5 stars "A Nudist, a Gay Ornithologist, a Railroad Enthusiast, and a Punk Cannabis Smoker Walk into a Bar..."
John V. KaravitisI came across this gem of a book in a review that I read on the Internet.I couldn't get my hands on a copy fast enough, and my efforts were greatly rewarded.Arika Okrent, a double-PhD in Linguistics and Psychology, takes us on a historical tour of "invented languages", i.e., artificial languages.I had no idea that so many people over the centuries had gone to, and continue to go to, such extreme lengths to "take care of" natural languages' perceived faults.Starting with Hildegard von Bingen, a 12th century nun, and continuing to the present day, Dr. Okrent shows that the fervor to perfect human language has never stopped.We see three main periods of artificial language contruction:(1)the 1600s, where John Wilkins' attempt may have led to Roget's Thesaurus 200 years later;(2) the 1800s, which saw the birth and rise not only of Esperanto, but also modern-day Hebrew (!) - and both from the same historical causes; and (3) the modern age, where the Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis in the 1950s led to Lojban today, and where Blissymbolics stands out as a partial success.Dr. Okrent takes the reader on a tour of the centuries, ending with her successful attempt at learning basic Klingon.At the end is a list of 900 of these artificial languages, along with examples of the Lord's Prayer and a section of the Bible dealing with the Tower of Babel, both translated into some of these artificial languages.As Dr, Okrent herself states, even though language is seen as imperfect and messy, every natural language is part of some human society and some particular culture and time.Our languages are messy because they rely on the speakers negotiating terms and meanings, and they also rely on situational context.Perfect man-made languages have good intentions at heart, but ultimately fail as they try to anticipate and write down in stone every possible situation and idea (e.g. Lojban as the most extreme example of this).As those of us who live and breathe in the real world know, language will always be messy.But if you want to "explore the possibilities", it makes for good fun!I enjoyed this book, I rate it FIVE STARS!John V. Karavitis, John Karavitis, Karavitis, KC9ISD, YouTube, MySpace, Twitter, Facebook, BigSight.

5-0 out of 5 stars Wonderful, readable book
This is a great introduction to constructed languages written by a skeptical practitioner, who has actually made the effort to begin learning several of the most popular languages and thus brings a realistic perspective to the topic. Okrent is neither a propagandist nor a scoffer, and she presents each language with wit and accuracy. I especially appreciated her treatment of Esperanto, warts and all. Great book.

4-0 out of 5 stars Delightful tour of a bizarre world
I found this book delightful, a very enjoyable read. That's no doubt in part because I've played with conlangs myself, and have corresponded with, or in one case shaken the hand of, some people mentioned in the book.

This is a journalistic exercise in exploring the history and modern existence of a subculture, the subculture of language-makers. Any good journalist could write a sympathetic, entertaining book about modern-day Klingon- or Lojban-speakers, but only a journalist who is also a linguist could really dig in and understand what they and other language-makers are trying to do. Only a linguist can really appreciate and convey the near-obsessive level of effort required to make a new language, or the joy it can bring to its maker. And only a linguist who is a dedicated researcher could explain the history of language-making, and properly relate the efforts of, say, a Wilkins to a Zamenhof to a Brown.

Okrent has done the hard slog of journalism, going to the conventions, meeting and interviewing the survivors, digging up the original documents and the period press reports. She's also done the slog of academic research, finding the primary source materials in university libraries and the Library of Congress and immersing herself for days at a time in study of the early languages.

Finally she has put her materials together in a highly readable, amusing, intriguing account of the people, and the very human process, of creating language from whole cloth.

1-0 out of 5 stars Unfair, inaccurate, mean-spirited.
This book is terrible on many levels. First, it is more of a pop-science polemic than a fair treatment of the material discussed. Okrent panders to the demographic that will scoff at constructed languages, and tries to sell her book by laughing at others' expense.

She includes languages in her chapter "A History of Failure" that don't belong there; for example, Lingua Ignota was never intended to be used by anyone but its creator, so it cannot rightly be called a failure. In addition, Okrent makes Esperantists out to be crazy, and although she sympathizes with them to some extent, a large section of the book deals with the so-called "failure" of Esperanto. Esperanto is a living language spoken by a vibrant community of 2 million people across the entire world, and is anything but a failure.

Okrent also seriously neglects the vast majority of constructed languages: artistic languages, designed not for serious use or to facilitate international communication, but for the aesthetic pleasure of the creator. Tolkien and the hundreds of other "artlangers"--whether famous or unknown--are crammed into a few pages in the last chapter, despite the fact that artlangs account for some of the most interesting and important constructed languages.

Don't get this book. It's filled with misinformation, distortions, and gratuitous mocking. ... Read more

6. Cognitive Exploration of Language and Linguistics (Cognitive Linguistics in Practice)
Hardcover: 274 Pages (2004-05)
list price: US$135.00 -- used & new: US$135.00
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Asin: 1588114856
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Preface; XI; Chapter 1; The cognitive basis of language: Language and thought 1; 1.0 Overview 1; 1.1 Introduction: Sign systems 1; 1.2 Structuring principles in language 5; 1.3 Linguistic and conceptual categories 13; 1.4 Summary 20; 1.5 Further reading 21; Assignments 22; Chapter 2; What's in a word? Lexicology 25; 2.0 Overview 25; 2. ... Read more

7. Language and Linguistics: An Introduction
by John Lyons
Paperback: 366 Pages (1981-05-29)
list price: US$44.99 -- used & new: US$29.99
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Asin: 0521297753
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A general introduction to linguistics and the study of language, intended particularly for beginning students and readers with no previous knowledge or training in the subject. There is first a general account of the nature of language and of the aims, methods and basic principles of linguistic theory. John Lyons then introduces in turn each of the main sub-fields of linguistics: the sounds of language, grammar, semantics, language change, psycholinguistics: the sounds of language, grammar, semantics, language change, psycholinguistics, language and culture. Throughout the book he emphasizes particularly those aspects of the discipline that seem fundamental and most likely to remain important. He stresses throughout the cultural at least as much as the biological context of human language, and shows how the linguist's concerns connect productively with those of the traditional humanities and the social sciences. The book is designed to be used as an elementary textbook, and is therefore written at a lower level and is more comprehensive in scope than the author's classic Introduction to Theoretical Linguistics (Cambridge University Press, 1968). Each chapter has a wide-ranging set of discussion questions and revision exercises, and extensive suggestions for further reading. The exposition is marked throughout by the author's characteristic clarity, balance and authority. ... Read more

8. Australian Sign Language (Auslan): An introduction to sign language linguistics
by Trevor Johnston, Adam Schembri
Paperback: 338 Pages (2007-02-19)
list price: US$39.99 -- used & new: US$29.65
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Asin: 0521540569
Average Customer Review: 5.0 out of 5 stars
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This is first comprehensive introduction to the linguistics of Auslan, the sign language of Australia. Assuming no prior background in language study, it explores each key aspect of the structure of Auslan, providing an accessible overview of its grammar (how sentences are structured), phonology (the building blocks of signs), morphology (the structure of signs), lexicon (vocabulary), semantics (how meaning is created), and discourse (how Auslan is used in context). The authors also discuss a range of myths and misunderstandings about sign languages, provide an insight into the history and development of Auslan, and show how Auslan is related to other sign languages, such as those used in Britain, the USA and New Zealand. Complete with clear illustrations of the signs in use and useful further reading lists, this is an ideal resource for anyone interested in Auslan, as well as those seeking a clear, general introduction to sign language linguistics. ... Read more

Customer Reviews (1)

5-0 out of 5 stars Useful and Informative
There are not many books that touch on the linguistics of Australian Sign Language so this book is very helpful for anyone wishing to learn the structure of the language. ... Read more

9. Corpus Linguistics: Investigating Language Structure and Use (Cambridge Approaches to Linguistics)
by Douglas Biber, Susan Conrad, Randi Reppen
Paperback: 312 Pages (1998-05-13)
list price: US$41.99 -- used & new: US$15.00
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Asin: 0521499577
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This book is about investigating the way people use language in speech and writing. It introduces the corpus-based approach to the study of language, based on analysis of large databases of real language examples and illustrates exciting new findings about language and the different ways that people speak and write. The book is important both for its step-by-step descriptions of research methods and for its findings about grammar and vocabulary, language use, language learning, and differences in language use across texts and user groups. ... Read more

10. The Anthropology of Language: An Introduction to Linguistic Anthropology
by Harriet Joseph Ottenheimer
Paperback: 400 Pages (2008-09-30)
list price: US$91.95 -- used & new: US$68.60
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Asin: 0495508845
Average Customer Review: 2.5 out of 5 stars
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Ottenheimer's authoritative yet approachable introduction to the field's methodology, skills, techniques, tools, and applications emphasizes the kinds of questions that anthropologists ask about language ? and the kinds of questions that intrigue students. The text brings together the key areas of linguistic anthropology, addressing issues of power, race, gender, and class throughout. Further stressing the everyday relevance of the text material, Ottenheimer includes "In the Field" vignettes that draw you in to the chapter material via stories culled from her own and others' experiences, as well as "Doing Linguistic Anthropology" and "Cross- Language Miscommunication" features that describe real-life applications of text concepts. ... Read more

Customer Reviews (2)

4-0 out of 5 stars Highly recommended
The content is substantial, well organized, and visually appealing. The author does an outstanding job in connecting the material to real-life issues.

For use as a textbook, ideally it should have more exercises and questions for students. The "student activities" section at the end of each chapter merely points the reader to the companion workbook, which admittedly has some great stuff, but too often the exercises in it are just "go to these websites and write an essay about them".

1-0 out of 5 stars hello, anyone there?
I needed to get in touch with the vendor who sold me this because the edition they sent was not the correct one, so now i have a book that is useless and no one to respond to me email. ... Read more

11. Linguistics of American Sign Language Text, 3rd Edition: An Introduction
by Clayton Valli, Ceil Lucas
Hardcover: 272 Pages (2001-02-06)
list price: US$60.00 -- used & new: US$32.99
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Asin: 1563680971
Average Customer Review: 4.0 out of 5 stars
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New 4th Edition completely revised and updated with new DVD now available; ISBN 1-56368-283-4 ... Read more

Customer Reviews (4)

5-0 out of 5 stars Just as i expected!
the book came in great timing and had the marks and everything that were in the description! It was a great price for the book and the seller was awesome about description and timeliness.

4-0 out of 5 stars linguistics
This explains all of the hows and whys of ASL.This book hit on challenging topics like morphology.The passages and lessons were interesting.

5-0 out of 5 stars Linguistics of American Sign Language
I'm an ITP student, and this is the textbook for our linguistics class.It's great.Don't expect to learn any sign from it though, this book assumes you already have a beginning level vocabulary.The book starts out with an introduction to Language and linguistics and progressively gets more difficult it it's exploration of ASL structure.Basically this book informs you as to why you do the things you do while signing.A must read!

1-0 out of 5 stars THE BEST BOOK I'VE EVER READ
This is definitly the best book I've ever read, just because the fact that I love this language and everything about it.I am hearing but I want to deaf and all I have are deaf friends. I think hearing people are deaf bashers and need to learn more.This book gave me even more understanding about the linguestics of ASL!! ... Read more

12. Sign Language and Linguistic Universals
by Wendy Sandler, Diane Lillo-Martin
Paperback: 547 Pages (2006-02-06)
list price: US$55.00 -- used & new: US$14.49
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Asin: 0521483956
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Sign languages are of great interest to linguists because, while they are produced by the same brain, their physical transmission differs greatly from that of spoken languages. Wendy Sandler and Diane Lillo-Martin compare spoken languages with those that are signed, in order to seek universal properties of human languages. No prior background in sign language linguistics is assumed, and numerous pictures are provided to make descriptions accessible to readers. ... Read more

13. Language and Linguistics: The Key Concepts (Routledge Key Guides)
by R.L. Trask
Paperback: 392 Pages (2007-07-16)
list price: US$26.95 -- used & new: US$16.95
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Asin: 0415413591
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A comprehensive and critical A-Z guide to the main terms and concepts used in the study of language and linguistics, definitions featured include:

  • terms used in grammatical analysis
  • branches of linguistics from semantics to neurolinguistics
  • approaches used in studying language from critical discourse analysis to systemic linguistics
  • linguistic phenomena from code-switching to conversational implicature
  • language varieties from pidgin to standard language.

This fully updated second edition includes a new introduction, a wide range of new entries (reflecting developments in linguistics) and added specialized further reading for lecturers and more advanced students.

... Read more

14. Linguistics, Sixth Edition: An Introduction to Language and Communication
by Adrian Akmajian, Richard A. Demers, Ann K. Farmer, Robert M. Harnish
Paperback: 592 Pages (2010-04-30)
list price: US$45.00 -- used & new: US$39.99
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Asin: 0262513706
Average Customer Review: 4.0 out of 5 stars
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This popular introductory linguistics text is unique for its integration of themes. Rather than treat morphology, phonetics, phonology, syntax, and semantics as completely separate fields, the book shows how they interact. It provides a sound introduction to linguistic methodology while encouraging students to consider why people are intrinsically interested in language—the ultimate puzzle of the human mind.

The text first treats such structural and interpretive parts of language as morphology, phonology, syntax, and semantics, then takes a cognitive perspective and covers such topics as pragmatics, psychology of language, language acquisition, and language and the brain. For this sixth edition, all chapters have been revised. New material includes updated examples, new special topics sections, and new discussions of the minimalist program, semantic minimalism, human genetic relationships and historical relationships among languages, Gricean theories, experimental pragmatics, and language acquisition.

The organization of the book gives instructors flexibility in designing their courses. Chapters have numerous subsections with core material presented first and additional material following as special topics. The accompanying workbook supplements the text with exercises drawn from a variety of languages. The goal is to teach basic conceptual foundations of linguistics and the methods of argumentation, justification, and hypothesis testing within the field. By presenting the most fundamental linguistics concepts in detail, the text allows students to get a feeling for how real work in different areas of linguistics is done. ... Read more

Customer Reviews (4)

2-0 out of 5 stars nice book
it's a good book but if you're an university student is just a source of information! no a complete book

5-0 out of 5 stars Great book!
This is a great book... I had to read it in a period of 9 weeks; and that is a lot for me, I like taking my time, but with this book I only wanted to keep going. The definitions were simple and I did not have to go back and read again because I got lost somewhere in the text.

5-0 out of 5 stars Excellent intro text
This is the second edition and fourth printing of this popular text by Akmajian, Demers, and Harnish at the University of Arizona. Although this text is now over 15 years old, it's still a fine introduction to the subject. One nice thing about the book is that the prose is not too technical for the beginning reader while providing excellent coverage of the important concepts and technical points. This is often a problem with linguistics texts since, unlike other technical subjects, most people have little or no background in linguistics before taking their first real course in the subject, and having previously learned a foreign language isn't as helpful as many students might think since much of linguistics, especially in the transformational grammar and generative grammar and analytical syntax areas, is a highly technical, formal, and even mathematical discipline now.

As I am mainly a neuroscientist and secondarily a linguist, I was most interested in Part 3 of this book. The first two parts present the usual linguistics topics such as phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, language variation, and evolution. Part 3 deals with the area of Psycholinguistics, and there are four chapters discussing language from the standpoint of Cognitive Psychology and Neuropsychology. The four chapters are: Pragmatics: The Study of Language Use and Communication; Speech Production and Comprehension; Language Acquisition in Chimp and Child;, and Language and the Brain. The chapter on the brain might be a little too basic for neuroscience students, but it's an excellent introduction for the linguistics students, and I noticed that a number of the classic experiments such as the famous "Wada test" and dichotic listening experiments were discussed, as well as topics like conduction aphasia, Broca's aphasia, Wernicke's aphasia, hemispheric localization and dominance, and so on.

Overall still a fine text and worth picking up used if you can find it, when it will be bargain for the price.

5-0 out of 5 stars great book for learning linguistics
As the titele shows, this book is an intro to English linguistics. It covers almost all the fields of linguistics---morphology, phonetics, phonology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, and sociolinguistics. In this book, there are many examples, tables, and exercises. You can learn synthetic concepts of linguistics by reading the book. English is rather easy so even the foreign people can make good use of the textbook. You can rethink about the language and communication and it will be very interesting. ... Read more

15. The Language Instinct: How the Mind Creates Language (P.S.)
by Steven Pinker
Paperback: 576 Pages (2007-09-01)
list price: US$15.99 -- used & new: US$7.93
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Asin: 0061336467
Average Customer Review: 4.0 out of 5 stars
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In this classic, the world's expert on language and mind lucidly explains everything you always wanted to know about language: how it works, how children learn it, how it changes, how the brain computes it, and how it evolved. With deft use of examples of humor and wordplay, Steven Pinker weaves our vast knowledge of language into a compelling story: language is a human instinct, wired into our brains by evolution. The Language Instinct received the William James Book Prize from the American Psychological Association and the Public Interest Award from the Linguistics Society of America. This edition includes an update on advances in the science of language since The Language Instinct was first published.

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Customer Reviews (112)

4-0 out of 5 stars Remarkable insights into how we acquire language

Most of us don't give much thought to the deep structures of the language we use every day, or how we develop such a marvellous tool.We just speak.We may marvel at the speed and ease with which babies acquire language.We may idly wonder about other languages when visiting some exotic country.

"The Language Instinct" by Steven Pinker is a useful book for readers who are curious about language.Pinker explains recent discoveries in linguistic theory and discusses such things as language genes and signing chimps.

He also answers some common questions, such as why there are so many languages, why they are so hard for adults to learn and why no one seems to know the plural of "Walkman".

Pinker's central theme is that language is an instinct like many other instincts; it is not a purely cultural invention.Pinker is not the first to suggest this.Darwin also put forward a similar idea.However, the most famous proponent of a language instinct is Noam Chomsky, who is mostly responsible for the modern revolution in linguistic theory.

While the idea of an instinct for language might be jarring to many of us, it does not mean that we are all automatons.In fact some sort of instinct for language is obvious when we think about it.Language is highly logical, even the "ungrammatical" argot of street gangs, pidgins and creoles.

We don't learn to reason from a book, we just "do" it.Reasoning/logic is an intrinsic part of human thought, so obviously our brain has some sort of organisation that produces the ability to reason.Logic is not some innate property of the universe - it is a product of the mind that has evolved because it is incredibly useful to making sense of the world and for planning.Why not language as well?

Until recently, there was no sign language in Nicaragua.In 1979 the first schools for deaf children were set up.Children started to invent their own sign system in playgrounds and on the buses.Gradually, their original "pidgin" sign language developed its own grammar ad spread to other deaf children.Today it is recognised as a fully functional sign language.This is only one remarkable example of our innate capacity for language.

Creoles and pidgins that emerge when two language groups come into contact provide other evidence of the mutability of language.Even single languages are remarkably fluid.This is not apparent in the lifetime of a single individual, apart from the introduction of new words (eg "email") or new meanings for existing words (eg "gay"), but over decades or centuries remarkable changes can occur.The English of Shakespeare is comprehensible, although a little odd, to most people; but the English of Chaucer is virtually incomprehensible to all but scholars.

Pinker discusses many other remarkable cases of language acquisition, especially in children.Children go through very specific stages of language acquisition in their early years.These stages, and how they occur, teach us a great deal about language in general.

He also discusses recent insights into language derived from studies of people who develop highly idiosyncratic language defects following injury to specific parts of the brain.Such studies are especially useful because the brain is largely an invisible "blob."It is not like, say, a dog.We can see that dogs have tails, fur, teeth etc, but we can't see the subtle structures of the brain, so it is hard to intuitively figure out how language works in terms of the detailed structures of the brain and how it might have arisen.

Pinker inevitably has to grapple with the technical jargon of formal linguistics in presenting his arguments.There are many Chomskian linguistic diagrams in the book that can be a little daunting to non-linguists.While the more technical explanations require close attention from the non-specialist reader at times, the book is by no means difficult for general readers.

The Chapter on "The Language Mavens" is a self-indulgent parody of various "language police" and is unworthy of the book.Pinker takes gratuitous shots at people who may be pedants when it comes to preserving formal aspects of language and spelling, but who nevertheless perform a useful service in drawing attention to the "proper" use of their language.Why devote a whole chapter to poking fun at them?

But that is a minor quibble. Pinker's book gave me wonderful insights into the language I love, English.The other day while out walking, I heard a young boy of about 5 or 6 say to his Dad "I want to walk fastly."Pinker's book explains why he made that specific error, and what it says about how we acquire the logic of language and of its irregular constructions.

4-0 out of 5 stars The Language Instinct
The book is very interesting and well written.Steven Pinker is an excellent writer. I am enjoying the book very much.

5-0 out of 5 stars Maximum Infotainment Per Kilogram
How many books have I read in six decades?Certainly more than a thousand. "The Language Instinct" is among my favorite half dozen.
I have taken my copy on many trips including fifty mile back-packing trips where it served as the only written entertainment.
My figure of merit for books is infotainment per kilogram (this is pre-Kindle).(My copy is the original 13 oz Harper Edition from 1995.)
Another figure of merit is number of re-reads.The book succeeds on both accounts.

Overwhelmed by the mastery and devotion to detail that Steve Pinker took in writing this, I then heard him speak a few times in California,
was motivated to hear him lecture in London, and finally heard him lecture and interviewed him on a week long trip last year to the Amazon
(detailed at my website (Google "Bob Blum" ). This was the book that rightly catapulted Pinker to fame as an a-list expositor of science along with Carl Sagan, Richard Dawkins, Stephen Jay Gould, and Daniel Dennett.

While the thesis of the book - language is elaborately built into the hardware - is undoubtedly controversial, the non-specialist
can comfortably ignore the minutia of the debate and instead bask in Pinker's erudition and exposition.While the experts are debating
the fine points of neurolinguistics, the rest of us get to enjoy a masterful and delightful presentation of how language works.I have read all of Pinker's works.This is still my favorite.

4-0 out of 5 stars Interesting Book:
I have to say, I really did like Pinker's book. This book the first of its kind that I have ever read so it may not be right for me to comment. However, I found the subject of language acquisition intriguing. Interesting case studies were revealed, however, I would say that maybe too many cases were offered. The writing style is extremely clear and it is a bit humorous. Toward 3/4 through the book, I began to get a little bored, but, again, I must admit that it is mostly because I did not understand the information that he was communicating. (Like I said, I have never read a book like this before.) Particularly interesting was the chapter on the Big Bang theory and how internal grammar structures within an individual can be harmonized with Darwinian evolution. This I found most interesting. However, in my opinion, Pinker did not answer this harmonization with a definite appeal to serious questions raised. It may be the case that I just did not understand what Pinker was implying, but as far as I'm concerned, only half of the questions raised in my head were answered. However, all in all, I found this book to be a helpful started in this area of study. Pinker uses an array of sources and draws from interesting material. I would recommend this book to anyone interested in learning more about the complexity of language formulation and internal cognitive processes which affect language.

5-0 out of 5 stars A Thorough and Entertaining Introduction to Language
As someone who has had a fascination about languages, this book was the perfect choice for my undergraduate neuroscience class--it's objective is to elucidate how the mind creates language. The prose is extremely well-written and complex ideas clearly explained. Pinker takes the reader on a very fun and thought-provoking journey, providing fascinating insights for both the casually-interested reader and linguists alike. I will highlight on some key points presented throughout.

The first sections illustrate the key themes that Pinker will elaborate on throughout the rest of the book. He presents language as being an evolutionary adaptation that is unique to humans, just as much as a trunk is an adaptation for elephants or sonar for a bat. It is an instinct that we innately are born with. One of the myths about language is the notion that language is taught or transmitted, whether from mother to baby, or from one civilization to another. In actuality, children seem to be born with "Universal Grammar," a blueprint for all grammars on earth. "Virtually every sentence is a brand new combination of words. Therefore a language cannot be a repertoire of responses; the brain must contain a recipe or program that can build an unlimited set of sentences out of a finite list of words (9)." Likewise, there has yet to be a civilization found that is devoid of language. For example, a group of a million people had inhabited an area isolated from the rest of the world in New Guinea for forty thousand years, yet had independently developed their own language, as discovered when first contact was made in the 1920s.

Another important concept presented is "mentalese", a euphemism for a theory of thinking known as "computational/representational theory of mind." It essentially negates the common myth that thought is dependent on language and its corollary, that since people of different backgrounds than us have different languages, they must think differently. There is thought to be a universal "mentalese," and to "know a language" is simply being able to translate mentalese into strings of words in that language.

The second section of the book is a comprehensive summary of the basic parts of language, with plentiful information regarding syntax, phrase structure, morphemes, and more. A key point made is the recent discovery of a common anatomy in all the world's languages, called "X-bar theory." With the general set of rules, children do not have to "learn" lists and lists of rules for each language via rote memorization, but are born knowing the linguistic framework. They are then able to go from speaking a few isolated words to complex yet grammatically coherent sentences in a matter of months.

In the next section, Pinker introduces the concept of the "parser", which is the mental program that analyzes sentence structure during language comprehension. Grammar is simply a protocol, which does not necessitate understanding. In a nutshell, as the person reads a sentence, the parser will group phrases, building "phrase trees", consistent with linguistic rules (for example, a noun phrase is followed by a verb phrase). It is interesting that grammatically correct yet poorly constructed sentences can cause a person great difficulty in comprehension--the rationale is that the parser will not present the person with the correct phrase tree, among copious possible combinations.

Pinker goes on to describe the differences between languages. Despite grammatical difference between languages, such as subject(S)/verb(V)/object(O) order (SVO, SOV, etc), fixed-word-order/free-word-order (if phrase order can vary or not), there are striking similarities. The most prominent are implications--if a language has X, it will have Y. For example, if the basic order of a language is SOV, it will have question words at the beginning of the sentence (234).

Pinker cites three processes that act on languages that result in the differences that we see evident in languages today: innovation, learning, and migration. For example in the case of migration, though the roots of English are from Northern Germany, the existence of thousands of French words in English is the legacy of the invasion of Britain by the Normans in 1066. One of the most broad-reaching relationships between current modern languages can be traced back to the possible existence of a proto-Indo-European language, whose modern-day descendents span from Western Europe to the Indian subcontinent.

Over the final chapters, Pinker elaborates on the amazing explosion of language acquisition in children during their first three years. He explains the significance of Broca's and Wernicke's in language, by examining different cases of aphasia with patients having damage to those areas. Our current understanding of the brain does not allow us to be able to predict what the impact of damage to these areas are from patient to patient--it is frequently witnessed that patients with damage in identical places to these areas have different types of aphasia.

As a final note, Pinker makes a distinction between prescriptive rules, such as grammatical rules that we are taught in school, and descriptive rules, the way people actually talk. In response to the former, he makes a claim that using non-standard English such as "I can't get no satisfaction" versus the standard English "I can't get any satisfaction" is not wrong linguistically, as it is simply a different dialect with an internally consistent grammar. The evident double-negative (which is "wrong" in standard English) is simply a remnant of Middle English, where double-negatives were ubiquitous. As long as the grammatical rules of any language are consistent and systematic, as in the seemingly wrong non-standard English, they follow the descriptive rules and are linguistically correct.

Overall, The Language Instinct is a great read for anyone even remotely interested in the topic. The scope is immense, from basic linguistics, to language development, to language evolution, to genetics, to overall mind design. In addition to being introduced to very important linguistic concepts, you will have an amazing amount of entertaining examples to share in any setting.
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16. Language History, Language Change, and Language Relationship: An Introduction to Historical and Comparative Linguistics (2nd Edition) (Mouton Textbook)
by Hans Henrich Hock, Brian D. Joseph
Paperback: 586 Pages (2009-08-15)
list price: US$44.95 -- used & new: US$37.78
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Asin: 3110214296
Average Customer Review: 3.0 out of 5 stars
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Why does language change? Why can we speak to and understand our parents but have trouble reading Shakespeare? Why is Chaucer's English of the fourteenth century so different from Modern English of the late twentieth century that the two are essentially different languages? Why are Americans and English 'one people divided by a common language'? And how can the language of Chaucer and Modern English - or Modern British and American English - still be called the same language? The present book provides answers to questions like these in a straightforward way, aimed at the non-specialist, with ample illustrations from both familiar and more exotic languages.Most chapters in this new edition have been reworked, with some difficult passages removed, other passages thoroughly rewritten, and several new sections added, e.g. on language and race and on Indian writing systems. Further, the chapter notes and bibliography have all been updated.Key features widely-used textbook in an updated and revised second edition hands-on approach to the study of historical linguisticshighly accessible through a strongly didactic, reader-friendly orientation ... Read more

Customer Reviews (2)

4-0 out of 5 stars prior experience a must
1st of all, historical/comparative linguistics is not something for beginners. historical linguistics in itself doesn't start in college until the 300 level; that means you probablly should have 3 or 4 linguistics classes under your belt already.

2nd historical linguistics is a mountain to climb as it is. without a teacher i don't think anyone could obtain a thorough understanding.

3rd i personally met brian joseph and that guy knows his stuff.

I'm not getting down on the other comment but you gotta crawl before you walk and this is no beginner's book.

2-0 out of 5 stars Starts off at a simple level, but too abruptly increases in its demands
LANGUAGE HISTORY, LANGUAGE CHANGE, AND LANGUAGE RELATIONSHIP is an introductory textbook to historical/comparative linguistics by Hans Heinrich Hock and Brian D. Joseph. It began as a simplification of Hock's widely respected handbook Principles of Historical Linguistics (De Gruyter, 2nd ed. 1991). Around 85% percent of the content is Hock's distillation of previously written material, while the remaining 15% was contributed by Josephs to, in the publisher's words, "give a fully American perspective". Joseph's contributions are most readily visible in the treatment of the Balkan Sprachbund, one of his research interests.

For about the first 130 pages, this textbook is a fairly admirable introduction to historical linguistics for neophytes, containing remarks on the general phenomenon of language change (i.e. the difference between the Lord's Prayer in Old English and in Modern English), a basic introduction to phonetics and phonology, and an explanation of the divergence of the Indo-European languages. There's even a chapter on writing systems here, which the other introductory textbooks I'm familiar with tend to overlook. Hock's examples are generally drawn from the Indo-European languages, and he seems to assume that the reader will be focusing on this language family. The book may now seem a little dated in its treatment of the glottalic hypothesis as a raging controversy, as that seems to have died down, but the reconstruction of Proto-Indo-European generally follows contemporary mainstream lines.

However, the textbook then makes a great jump in what it expects from the reader, going from an appropriately simple tone to one very little different from PRINCIPLES OF HISTORICAL LINGUISTICS. Mouton de Gruyter's typesetting doesn't help, as it follows a style appropriate for a handbook but rather intimidating for a textbook. For those looking to read up on basic historical linguistics, I'd much rather recommend Lyle Campbell's Historical Linguistics, 2nd Edition: An Introduction (MIT Press, 2nd ed. 2004), which is written at a very genial tone throughout. And after that, one should be well-equipped to go straight on to PRINCIPLES OF HISTORICAL LINGUISTICS, skipping this odd mishmash. ... Read more

17. Magic, Power, Language, Symbol: A Magician's Exploration of Linguistics
by Patrick Dunn
Paperback: 288 Pages (2008-08-08)
list price: US$17.95 -- used & new: US$5.70
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Asin: 0738713600
Average Customer Review: 4.0 out of 5 stars
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Postmodern Theory for a Pre-Modern Practice

From the sigils of chaos magic to the numerical code of Qabalah, all magical practices operate in a web of symbols and language. Yet academics seldom examine the role that semiotics and linguistics play in the unfolding of magical works.

In the follow-up to his debut Postmodern Magic, Patrick Dunn returns once again to the theoretical realm of the sign, the signified, and the changeable perceptions of a slippery reality. Intellectual and aggressively modern, his language-driven perspective on magic touches on all elements voiced and written, from speaking in tongues and creating mantras to composing Enochian spells and working with gematria. A hefty appendix includes exercises that put Dunn's theories to work, as well as the first published dictionary of English alphabet numerology.

Highly literate and highly readable, Magic, Power, Language, Symbol will tickle the minds of theory-thirsty academics and seasoned mages alike, as well as anyone else eager to examine the manufacture of meaning.

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Customer Reviews (6)

1-0 out of 5 stars The Professor returns
Professor Dunn returns with his second book, and it's well worth reading. This one delves into some places that hisPostmodern Magic touched upon. Prof. Dunn here gives technical pointers on the use of language to facilitate magical practice. People might look at this and think, "duhh...," however, most people actually have not given this subject the attention it really deserves. This book is full of "I never thought of that!" moments, and any practitioner is bound to come away from it with new practical ideas.

5-0 out of 5 stars Fantastic!!
highly detailed, this book fulfills it's claims. a great breakdown of the esoteric uses of linguistics. goes great with Robert Anton Wilson and Umberto Eco!

5-0 out of 5 stars The power of words in magic - The magical power of words
A welcome addition to the growing body of metaphysical literature, "Magic Power Language Symbol" details a linguistic theory of magical and occult practice.Written by Patrick Dunn, a scholar of linguistics and known for his previous work "Postmodern Magic" (not a prerequisite for this book), it deals with aspects of magic that are mysteriously absent in virtually all other treatments.Being someone without any prior knowledge of linguistics, the book opened up a world of ideas that, had I not been interested in theories on magic, would have probably been ignored; and to great detriment, since I now see how pervasive language is in all aspects of life.

One must wonder after reading this book: why do most books on magic ignore the importance of words?True, there exists explanations on why specific words are present in rituals-- various God-names or angelic powers; even techniques like Hebrew gematria or notariqon (words made from acronyms) are dealt with extensively in other treatments.But all fail to explain the power of words on the subconscious mind.Patrick Dunn imparts clear explainations on why words and language are so powerful in magic, and you will also understand the magical power of words.

The mystery of words in magic should be obvious to anyone who takes but a moment to consider the magical jargon.After all, a ritual designed to cause some effect in the world is called a "spell".Spelling we know from, well, spelling words.Moreover, a book of magical rituals is called a "grimoire", which is a French term meaning "book of grammar".On top of that, the patron deity of magic is Thoth-Hermes, the God of writing and language.

"Magic Power Language Symbol" explains this mystery.It is highly recommended for all interested in the power of words, the use of words in ritual, as well as those interested in theories of how magic actually works.In addition, it is recommended for a general audience, for the very important reason that word-magic can be used against you without you knowing it.Just turn on the news-- you'll see what I mean!

After two introductory chapters dealing with theories of symbols and language (linguistics) as they relate to magic, the chapters move on to specific topics, and can be read independently.The middle chapters treat incantations, sigils, Enochian, speaking in tongues, Qabalah (that is, literal Qabalah-- gematria, notariqon, temurah, etc.), and mantras.The final two chapters are the best and are probably some of the author's finest ideas.Chapter nine deals with myth and metaphor, detailing how they inform the magical consciousness.Chapter ten explains the power, positive or negative, of self-talk-- that is, how the internal dialogue we use actually programs our subconscious mind, which can give us disturbed feelings if used negatively, or else empowered feelings if used positively.This final chapter would be very beneficial to anyone who may be going through therapy or taking medication and wants to find a more empowering way of coping.These techniques are non-ritualistic, so could be profited from by those who do not consider themselves magicians.

The only drawback is that the practical exercises are relegated to an appendix at the back of the book.I didn't really notice them until I finished the book, and was disappointed by this, since I would have liked to have seen them at the end of the chapters instead.However, there are discussions that hint at practical techniques spread throughout the text.It must be given praise, since it could have been written in a very abstruse style, coming from a linguist, but it is actually very readable.Overall, a fantastic book, recommended to all, and may even become a classic.

3-0 out of 5 stars Recommended with reservations.
The author covers the basics of linguistics, touches on chaos magic, and briefly explores some older magical alphabets, particularly Enochian. There is little here that any language major or well-read layman hasn't encountered on alphabet formation, language families and history, and linguistic theory. Dunn revisits the elements of Jewish magic, skims the surface of Greco-Egyptian necromantic sorcery, and briefly discusses sigilization and its discontents. Metaphor is addressed, but a better understanding of how metaphor lies its way to truth may be better appreciated by reading Lakoff and Johnson's original work.

I have never quite understood why matching the letters of the Hebrew alphabet with the major arcana of the tarot is thought to be meaningful. The Judeo-Christian tradition held that Hebrew was both a language of divine revelation and mankind's original form of speech, hence magical. Neither claim could be entertained by any informed person, least of all a pagan. If the author enjoys doodling in Hebrew, so be it. Whatever works. For those with little or no interest in Hebrew, however, some sections of the book can be skipped. It is my guess that orthodox Jews invested so much energy in playing speculative games with the Hebrew alphabet because Judaism frowned on representational art. Obviously modern magicians labor under no such restrictions. Give me art over alphabet any day.

For those beginning to feel their way through the magical maze, this book offers some useful information and tools. Certainly our (mis)use of language deserves careful reflection and Patrick Dunn has many relevant if not particularly original observations to make on this subject. Since magic in the Western tradition is tightly language-bound, attention must be paid to the pitfalls. The book is therefore recommended with the above reservations.

4-0 out of 5 stars A good explanation of the connection between linguistics and magic
Overall, I was fairly impressed by this book. I think Dunn does an excellent job of explaining a lot of the theories behind language and magic, as well as showing how theories can be made into practice. He explores concepts of gematria, glossalia, metaphor, semiotics and much more and in the process makes all the concepts approachable and easy to understand. In fact, I think that's the strength of this book. It's written so that anyone can pick up the book, read about the concepts, and put them into practice, though at least in the case of gematria, readers will probably need to have a decent familiarity with Quabala.

I also liked his explanation of the semiotic web and the Defixio. In both cases he not only explains the theory, but also provides personal anecdotes and suggestions for how the reader can incorporate those practices into his/her work. I think his latest book is a good introduction to linguistics and magic, and he provides the reader some other works to explore once they finish his work.

I did have two minor issues which made this book a four out of five for me. The fourth appendix of the book has a bunch of practical exercises for the book. It seems odd that the exercises are placed at the end of the book, instead of incorporated into the book. I'm not sure if that a decision of the publisher or the author. The other issue is that while he does cover a lot of the connection between linguistics and magic, he doesn't cover much of the contemporary work occurring with linguistics or magic. He dedicates only a small section to the contemporary work. That said, this a good primer for linguistics and magic and how the two disciplines can be brought together. I recommend it to anyone who is interested in branching outward from more conventional approaches to magic. ... Read more

18. On Language: Chomsky's Classic Works "Language and Responsibility" and "Reflections on Language" in One Volume
by Noam Chomsky
Paperback: 288 Pages (1998-09-30)
list price: US$19.95 -- used & new: US$12.80
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Asin: 1565844750
Average Customer Review: 4.0 out of 5 stars
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Two of Chomsky's most famous and accessible works, back in print in one affordable, attractive volume. Restoring to print two of Chomsky's most famous and popular books in one omnibus volume, On Language features some of the noted linguist and political critic's most informal and highly accessible work, making it an ideal introduction to his thought. In Part I ("Language and Responsibility") Chomsky presents a fascinating self-portrait of his political, moral, and linguistic thinking. In Part II ("Reflections on Language") Chomsky explores the more general implications of the study of language and offers incisive analyses of the controversies among psychologists, philosophers, and linguists over fundamental questions of language. ... Read more

Customer Reviews (1)

4-0 out of 5 stars Two Classics
Noam Chomsky is a renowned linguist who has taught at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology since 1955.He developed a theory of transformation grammar which has changed the study of language.He is also very active in politics and has several books on a variety of political issues."On Language" contains two of Chomsky's classic works, "Language and Responsibility", and "Reflections on Language", and while these books deal mainly with Linguistics, there are a couple of sections which cover his political thought.

"Language and Responsibility" was first published in 1977 in France and 1979 in the U.S., and it is a conversation between Chomsky and Mitsou Ronat, the French transformationalist.While the conversation opens with politics, the greater portion of this book is about Generative Grammar.

"Reflections on Language" was first published in 1975 and is an important work in the field of Linguistics.The section titled "Problems and Mysteries in the Study of Human Language" covers interesting aspects such as the philosophy of language and the acquisition of language.Chomsky also spends some time discussing other Linguistic works and where he agrees and disagrees with them.

This book would not make a good choice for someone unfamiliar with Linguistics.However, the "Language and Responsibility" section does serve as an excellent introduction to Chomsky and his thoughts.While one may not agree with all of his political positions, Chomsky does provide some excellent points and forces the reader to re-examine their own position.His Linguistic theories are important to any study of the subject, and "Reflections on Language" is probably the best way to learn about his position.
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19. Understanding Language: Towards a Post-Chomskyan Linguistics
by Terence Moore, Christine Carling
 Paperback: 240 Pages (1982-10-28)
-- used & new: US$41.53
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Asin: 0333331087
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20. Applying Cognitive Linguistics to Second Language Learning and Teaching
by Jeannette Littlemore
Paperback: 242 Pages (2009-11-15)
list price: US$85.00 -- used & new: US$68.07
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Asin: 0230219489
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Cognitive linguistics is a relatively new discipline which is rapidly becoming mainstream and influential, particularly in the area of second language teaching. This book looks at how cognitive linguistics can inform our teaching, and lead to intriguing suggestions for alternative ways of presenting grammar and vocabulary in the language classroom.
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