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         Fractures:     more books (100)
  1. Fault Lines: How Hidden Fractures Still Threaten the World Economy by Raghuram G. Rajan, 2010-05-24
  2. Handbook of Fractures, Mobile Edition by Kenneth Egol, 2010-10
  3. Fracture Management for Primary Care: 2nd Edition by M. Patrice Eiff MD, Walter L. Calmbach MD, et all 2002-10-31
  4. Fracture Mechanics: Fundamentals and Applications, Third Edition by Ted L. Anderson, 2004-05-15
  5. Rockwood and Green's Fractures in Adults: Rockwood, Green, and Wilkins' Fractures, 2 Volume Set
  6. Rockwood and Green's Fractures in Adults: Two Volumes Plus Integrated Content Website (Rockwood, Green, and Wilkins' Fractures) (Fractures in Adults (Rockwood and Green's))
  7. Harborview Illustrated Tips and Tricks in Fracture Surgery by Michael J. Gardner, Robert Dunbar, et all 2010-07-12
  8. Handbook of Fractures by John Elstrom, Walter Virkus, et all 2005-08-15
  9. Globalisation Fractures: How Major Nations' Interests Are Now In Conflict by Charles Dumas, 2010-09-21
  10. Principles of Fracture Mechanics by R. J. Sanford, 2002-04-08
  11. Global Fracture: The New International Economic Order by Michael Hudson, 2005-04-20
  12. Brinker, Piermattei and Flo's Handbook of Small Animal Orthopedics and Fracture Repair by Donald L. Permattei, Gretchen Flo, et all 2006-02-22
  13. Rockwood and Wilkins' Fractures in Children: Rockwood, Green, and Wilkins' Fractures (Not Sold as a Volume Set)
  14. The Closed Treatment of Common Fractures by John Charnley, 2004-04-05

1. MEDLINEplus: Fractures
fractures Specific Conditions/Aspects. Avulsion fractures (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
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Search MEDLINE for recent research articles on
You may also be interested in these MEDLINEplus related pages:
Ankle Injuries and Disorders

Bone Diseases
Elbow Injuries and Disorders Foot Injuries and Disorders ... Injuries and Wounds General/Overviews
  • Fractures (American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) Fractures and Sprains (Patient Education Institute) - requires Flash plug-in Also available in: Spanish
  • Clinical Trials
  • Fractures (National Institutes of Health)
  • Diagnosis/Symptoms
  • Bone Radiography (American College of Radiology, Radiological Society of North America) Bone Scan (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Leg Problems: Self-Care Flowcharts (American Academy of Family Physicians) MR Imaging (MRI)-Musculoskeletal (American College of Radiology, Radiological Society of North America)
  • Rehabilitation
  • How to Use Crutches, Canes and Walkers (American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons)
  • Research
  • FDA Public Health Web Notification: Complications Related to the Use of Bone Cement in Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty Procedures (Center for Devices and Radiological Health)
  • Specific Conditions/Aspects
  • Avulsion Fractures (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Falls and Related Fractures (Osteoporosis and Related Bone Diseases-National Resource Center) Also available in: Spanish Fracture of the Pelvis (American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons)
  • 2. Distal Humerus Fractures - Supracondylar Fractures
    Find a clinical definition of ankle fractures, with descriptions of the ankle's anatomy and mechanics. Includes labeled MRIs of injured ankles.
    Distal Humerus fractures - Supracondylar fractures
    by Alan S. Miller, M.D.
    I. Epidemiology
    Supracondylar fractures are the most common fractures about the elbow in children with this fracture occurring most commonly in the 3 - 11 year old child. The usual mechanism is for the child to fall with an extended elbow causing posterior displacement (extension type fracture - 95% of displaced supracondylar fractures). Twenty to thirty percent of all supracondylar fractures exhibit little or no displacement and approximately twenty five percent of supracondylar fractures are of the greenstick type. The collateral ligaments and the anterior capsule in children are quite strong thus ligamentous tears without fractures are quite rare.
    II. Clinical Exam
    Children who present with nondisplaced supracondylar fractures may initially have minimal swelling. The young child may present with vague pain so that the differential diagnosis may include nursemaid's elbow, occult fractures of the radial head, condyle fractures or a septic joint. Children with supracondylar extension fractures may have a prominent olecranon with the distal humeral fragment palpated posteriorly and superiorly because of the pull of the posterior tricep muscle. Patients with a supracondylar flexion fracture may carry their elbow flexed with loss of the olecranon prominence. Pearls in elbow X - rays: a. Consider a displaced anterior fat pad or the presence of a posterior fat pad on a lateral elbow X - ray to be consistent with a fracture until proven otherwise.

    3. Fractures
    fractures. There are 206 bones in the human body and they are important, not just because they hold our skin up, but
    When a bone is broken, or fractured, it affects not only blood production and function, but there are also complications associated with the muscles, tendons, nerves and blood vessels which are attached, or are close, to the bone.
    Fractures are generally classified as:
    • Open - where there is a wound leading to the fracture site or the bone is protruding from the skin.
    • Closed - where the bone has fractured but has no obvious external wound.
    • Complicated - which may involve damage to associated vital organs and major blood vessels as a result of the fracture.
    The basic aim of management for fractured limbs is to immobilisation. Immobilisation helps reduce movement and the pain associated with fractures. Immobilise the limb with a natural splint, such as another part of the body, improvised splints, cardboard, wooden or air splints.
    Fractures may be caused a number of ways:
    • Direct force; where force is applied sufficiently to cause the bone to fracture at the point of impact.
    • Indirect force; where force or kinetic energy, applied to a large, strong bone, is transmitted up the limb, causing the weakest bones to fracture.
    • Spontaneous or spasm-induced; where fractures are associated with disease and/or muscular spasms. These are usually associated with the elderly, and people with specific diseases affecting the bones.

    4. Musculoskeletal Radiology Of Fractures
    fractures in Musculoskeletal Radiology Musculoskeletal Radiology of fractures. Click on the image to select the area of interest
    Musculoskeletal Radiology of Fractures
    Click on the image to select the area of interest
    Foot and Ankle
    Hand and Wrist
    Shoulder Fractures
    Hip fractures

    5. Medic-Planet - Fractures, Dislocations, Sprains, And Strains
    Comprehensive source of information, descriptions and illustrations.,_dislocation

    Online health report from Dr. Gabe Mirkin on common injury of women runners stress fractures.
    Report #6635 11/1/95
    45% of competitive female runners develop stress fractures, small cracks on the surface of the bones in their legs and feet. The women most likely to suffer these injuries are those who restrict food and those who have irregular periods. Restricting food can stop a woman from menstruating regularly,/ which can stop her body from producing the female hormone, estrogen. Lack of estrogen weakens bones. Exercise does not cause irregular periods, not eating enough food does. Women who stop menstruating when they exercise heavily will usually start to menstruate regularly when they eat more food. Some women who suffer stress fractures will not heal until they take estrogen or other bone strengthening medications such as etidronate. Stress fractures usually start out as a minor discomfort in the foot or leg,/ that occurs near the end of a long run. Usually the pain goes away as soon as the athlete stops running. On the next day, the pain returns earlier in the run. If she notices that it hurts to touch just one spot on a bone and then stops running for a week, she can return to running quickly, but usually she ignores the pain and develops a full- blown stress fracture and hurts all the time. She now has to avoid the hard pounding of running, but can ride a bike or swim for exercise until the fracture heals in 6 to 12 weeks. The most common sites for stress fractures are the bones in the front of the feet/ and the long bone of the lower leg, but running can cause stress fractures anywhere, even in the pelvic bones.

    7. V. Fractures
    by Robert C. Mellors, M.D., Ph.D. V. fractures. 1. General Considerations
    by Robert C. Mellors, M.D., Ph.D.
    1. General Considerations A fracture is the most common bone lesion and is defined as a break in the continuity of a bone or a part of its mineralized structure caused by a traumatic physical force. A fracture may be the result of an excessive impact, rotation, bending, or other mechanical force acting on previously normal bone or may be the consequence of an unnoticed or trivial injury of previously diseased bone (pathologic or spontaneous fracture). A fracture is described as complete or incomplete, simple (closed) or compound (open) if contiguous to an open external or internal wound, and comminuted if the bone is grossly splintered. A stress fracture is one that is caused by the cumulative effect of repeated episodes of physical stress on previously normal bone. Many factors influence fracture repair, among them: the severity of injury; type of fracture; vascular damage; method of treatment; infection; age of patient; hormonal and nutritional factors; and systemic disease. 2. Pathology

    8. "Fractures And Splinting"
    Describes initial care of various types of fractures aimed at the layman.Category Health Conditions and Diseases fractures...... fractures AND SPLINTING By Willis Lamm. Even small fractures, such as ina finger, can lead to a frustrating disability if not treated correctly.
    c) 1995, Willis Lamm, TrailBlazer Magazine
    By Willis Lamm
    Reprinted with permission of TrailBlazer Magazine for non-commercial use. There are 206 bones in the human body, and every fall brings with it the possibility of breaking one. While most of the time we dust ourselves off and climb back on with little more than bruised muscles and bruised egos, there are a few instances where fractures do occur, which can prove to be serious emergencies. Whether in the barn or out on the trail, it is important to understand the physiology of fractures and take the correct steps early on after the accident. What happens during a fracture: When a fracture occurs, a portion of a bone may chip or crack away or the bone may be completely broken. In any event, the bone fragments will damage nearby tissues and blood vessels, causing swelling and blood clots in the area of the fracture. Nearby tissue cells which lose their blood supply will die. Undamaged tissue cells nearby the fracture site will respond to the injury by rapidly dividing in an attempt to form a collar of tissue surrounding the fracture site. New bone is generated from this mass of tissue in order to eventually heal the damaged bone. If the fracture site is mishandled early after the injury, more soft tissues could be damaged which could significantly prolong healing. If the bone ends are disturbed, the disruption to the normal healing process could result in a permanent disability.

    9. Ask NOAH About: Fractures, Sprains And Dislocations
    Falls Among Older Adults References Search Injury Falls and Hip fractures Among Older Adults How serious is the problem? More than onethird of adults ages 65 years and older fall each year (Hornbrook 1994; Hausdorff 2001). Among older adults
    Ask NOAH About: Fractures, Sprains and Dislocations
    What are Fractures, Sprains and Dislocations? The Basics
    Diagnosis and Symptoms

    Specific Injuries
    A ...
    Information Resources
    What are Fractures, Sprains and Dislocations?
    The Basics
    Sports Injuries - Methodist Healthcare System, Houston TX (also in Spanish
    Sports Related Injuries - Methodist Healthcare System, Houston TX (also in Spanish
    Dislocations - Columbia Complete Home Medical Guide
    Dislocations - Lucile Packard Children's Hospital, Palo Alto CA
    The Facts About Fractures and Broken Bones - KidsHealth
    Fractures - American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons
    Fractures - Lucile Packard Children's Hospital, Palo Alto CA
    Fractures - Methodist Healthcare System, Houston TX (also in Spanish
    Sports and Fractures - Methodist Healthcare System, Houston TX (also in Spanish
    What Is a Fracture? - American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
    Sprains and Strains
    Questions and Answers About Sprains and Strains - National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases
    Soft Tissue Injuries - Methodist Healthcare System, Houston TX (also in Spanish
    Sprains and Strains - American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
    Sprain and Strain Brochure - American Association of Neurological Surgeons
    Sprains and Strains - Lucile Packard Children's Hospital, Palo Alto CA

    10. MEDLINEplus Medical Encyclopedia: Fracture
    Definition of types of fractures, their symptoms, treatment and prevention.Category Health Conditions and Diseases fractures...... Repetitive forces such as those caused by running can cause stressfractures of the foot, ankle, tibia, and hip. Symptoms Return
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    X-ray Fracture types (1) Osteoclast Osteoclast ... Bone fracture repair - series Alternative names Return to top Bone - broken; Broken bone; Stress fracture Definition Return to top A fracture is an injury that disrupts bone tissue. A stress fracture is a break in a bone, usually small, that develops because of repeated or prolonged forces against the bone. Considerations Return to top If more pressure is put on a bone than it can stand, it will split or break. An open fracture (in which bone breaks the skin) can easily become infected. Assume a young child has a broken bone and get medical help if the child does not start to use an injured arm or leg within hours of an accident, or if they continue to cry when the injured area is touched. It is hard to tell a dislocated bone from a broken bone. However, both are emergency situations, and the basic first aid steps are the same for both. Causes Return to top
    • Fall from a height Motor vehicle accidents Direct blow Child abuse Repetitive forces such as those caused by running can cause stress fractures of the foot, ankle, tibia, and hip

    11. Falls And Hip Fractures Among Older Adults - NCIPC
    Article from the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control.Category Health Conditions and Diseases fractures......•, References. Search Injury. Falls and Hip fractures Among Older Adults. Howserious is the problem? (Scott 1990). What is the effect of hip fractures?
    Falls Among Older Adults References Search Injury
    Falls and Hip Fractures Among Older Adults
    How serious is the problem?
    • More than one-third of adults ages 65 years and older fall each year (Hornbrook 1994; Hausdorff 2001). Among older adults, falls are the leading cause of injury deaths (Murphy 2000) and the most common cause of nonfatal injuries and hospital admissions for trauma (Alexander 1992). In 2000, 1.6 million seniors were treated in emergency departments for fall-related injuries and 353,000 were hospitalized (CDC 2001). The chance that a fall will cause a severe injury requiring hospitalization greatly increases with age (Alexander 1992).

    What outcomes are linked to falls?
    • In 1999, about 10,000 people ages 65 and older died from fall-related injuries (CDC 2001). More than 60% of people who die from falls are 75 and older (Murphy 2000). Of those who fall, 20% to 30% suffer moderate to severe injuries such as hip fractures or head traumas that reduce mobility and independence, and increase the risk of premature death (Sterling 2001). Among people ages 75 years and older, those who fall are four to five times more likely to be admitted to a long-term care facility for a year or longer (Donald 1999).

    12. This Is Google's Cache Of
    Translation by Francis Adams. An 89k textonly version is available for download.Category Health Conditions and Diseases fractures...... See bottom for copyright. Available online at http// fractures By Hippocrates Translated by Francis Adams
    This is G o o g l e 's cache of
    G o o g l e 's cache is the snapshot that we took of the page as we crawled the web.
    The page may have changed since that time. Click here for the current page without highlighting.
    Google is not affiliated with the authors of this page nor responsible for its content.

    13. Jaw Fractures
    Search Pubmed for information on fractures of the mandible and maxilla.Category Health Conditions and Diseases fractures......Jaw fractures. Back to previous level Mandibular fractures Search PUBMEDfor Mandibular fractures All Review Therapy Diagnosis; Outline
    Jaw Fractures
    Back to previous level

    14. Fractures And Broken Bone Information Including Treatment Options
    Comprehensive information about broken bones, and many resources to help understand and treat this Category Health Conditions and Diseases fractures......
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    Fractures Part 1: Basics More of this Feature Part 2: Treatment
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    Elsewhere on the Web Broken Bones Physical Therapy By: Jonathan Cluett, M.D. Last Updated: 10/2000 Most people were first introduced to the orthopedic surgeon at a young age when they were brought to the emergency room with their first broken bone . For me the memory of the event is now faint (something about a dirt bike and pavement), but the billboard of signatures called a cast that I was able to tote around the classroom is fondly recalled as one of my few moments of youthful pride. Introduction Fractures, broken bonesyou can call it what you wish, it means the same thingare among the most common orthopedic complaints, about 6.8 million come to medical attention each year in the United States. The average citizen in a developed country can expect to sustain two fractures over the course of their lifetime. (Despite what you may have heard, a broken bone is not worse than a fracture, they both mean the same thing. In fact, the word fracture, according to the

    15. Content="Fractures Du Sacrum Avec Fusion De L'articulation Sacro-iliaque"
    T©moignage d'une personne victime d'un accident de cheval, des s©quelles et des th©rapie suivies.
    Fractures du sacrum avec fusion de l'articulation sacro-iliaque, Récit de mon accident de cheval, fractures du sacrum et fusion de l'articulation sacro-iliaque droite, lésions neurologiques, thérapies, hypnose, reiki,guérisseurs, anecdotes, Mes questions">

    16. Hippocratic Treatise On Fractures
    Translation of an original document written circa 400 BC.Category Health Conditions and Diseases fractures......Hippocratic Treatise On fractures. By Hippocrates (ca. 400 BCE) Translated byFrancis Adams. Part I. But fractures of this nature seldom occur. Part 46.
    Hippocratic Treatise On Fractures
    By Hippocrates (ca. 400 B.C.E.)
    Translated by Francis Adams Part I Part 2
    Part 3
    Part 4
    Part 5
    Part 6
    Part 7
    Part 8
    Part 9
    Part 10 Part 11 Part 12 The leg consists of two bones, of which the one is much more slender than the other at one part, but not much more slender at another. These are connected together at the foot, and form a common epiphysis, but they are not united together along the line of the leg;and at the thigh they are united together and form an epiphysis, and this epiphysis has a diaphysis; but the other bone in a line with the little toe is a little longer. Such is the nature of the bones of the leg. Part 13 Part 14 Part 15 Part 16 Part 17 But if the other bone (fibula?) of the leg be broken, less powerful extension is required, and yet it must not be neglected, nor be performed slovenly, more especially at the first bandaging. For in all cases of fracture this object should be attained then as quickly as possible. For when the bandage is applied tight while the bones are not properly arranged, the properly arranged, the part becomes more painful. The treatment otherwise is the same. Part 18 Part 19 Part 20 Part 21 The swellings which arise in the ham, at the foot, or in any other part from the pressure, should be well wrapped in unscoured and carded wool, washed with wine and oil, and anointed with cerate, before bandaging; and if the splints give pain they should be slackened. You may sooner reduce the swellings, by laying aside the splints, and applying plenty of bandages to them, beginning from below and rolling upward; for thus the swellings will be most speedily reduced, and the humors be propelled to the parts above the former bandages. But this form of bandaging must not be used unless there be danger of vesications or blackening in the swelling, and nothing of the kind occurs unless the fracture be bound too tight, or unless the limb be allowed to hang, or it be rubbed with the hand, or some other thing of an irritant nature be applied to the skin.

    17. AAOS Online Service Patient Education Brochures Fractures
    fractures. What bones are made of. Because of their unique structure,bones can bear large amounts of weight. How fractures occur.

    18. The Physician And Sportsmedicine
    Indepth article with descriptions and x-ray photos of fractures of the ankle and hind foot.

    19. AAOS Online Service Fact Sheet Stress Fractures
    Stress fractures. Here are some facts about stress fractures from the AmericanAcademy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. What is a stress fracture?

    20. EMedicine Emergency Medicine : - Online Medical Textbooks And Physician Referenc
    Discussion of causes, diagnosis and treatment, from eMedicine.

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