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         Porphyry:     more books (100)
  1. Porphyry's Launching-Points to the Realm of Mind: An Introduction to the Neoplatonic Philosophy of Plotinus by Porphyry, Kenneth Sylvan Guthrie, 1988-11
  2. Porphyry's Against the Christians: The Literary Remains by Porphyry, R. Joseph Hoffmann, 1994-07
  3. Beneath a Sky of Porphyry by Aicha Lemsine, 1998-03
  4. Five Texts on the Mediaeval Problem of Universals: Porphyry, Boethius, Abelard, Duns Scotus, Ockham
  5. The Homeric Questions (Lang Classical Studies) by Porphyry, Robin R. Schlunk, 1994-02
  6. Advances in Geology of the Porphyry Copper Deposits by Spencer Titley, 1982-06
  7. Porphyry Introduction (Clarendon Later Ancient Philosophers)
  8. Porphyry Against the Christians (Ancient Mediterranean and Medieval Texts and Contexts, Studi) (Studies in Platonism, Neoplatonism, and the Platonic Tradition) by Robert Berchman, 2005-09
  9. Sententiae (Sententiae Ad Intelligibilia Ducentes / Aids to the Study of the intelligibles) by B. (ed.) Porphyry ('Porphyrii'); Momert, 1907
  10. Iamblichus On the Mysteries of the Egyptians, Chaldeans, and Assyrians by Iamblichus, Porphyry, 2010-01-12
  11. Select Works Of Porphyry: Containing His Four Books On Abstinence From Animal Food, His Treatise On The Homeric Cave Of The Nymphs (1823) by Porphyry, 2008-10-27
  12. Plato and Aristotle in Agreement?: Platonists on Aristotle from Antiochus to Porphyry (Oxford Philosophical Monographs) by George E. Karamanolis, 2006-06-08
  13. Porphyry, the Philosopher, to His Wife, Marcella: Tr. With Introduction, by Alice Zimmern. Preface by Richard Garnett (1896) by Porphyry, 2009-07-08
  14. Select Works of Porphyry; Containing His Four Books on Abstinence From Animal Food; His Treatise on the Homeric Care of the Nymphs; and His by Porphyrius, 2010-10-14

1. The Internet Classics Archive | Works By Porphyry
Internet Classics Archive offers the 10 fragments of porphyry's "On Images " translated by Edwin Hamilton Gifford. Works by porphyry. On Images. Translated by Edwin Hamilton Gifford



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Works by Porphyry
On Images

Translated by Edwin Hamilton Gifford
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2. Porphyry's Against The Christians
porphyry's Against the Christians The Literary Remains edited and Translated with an Introduction and Epilogue by R. Joseph Hoffmann
Porphyry's Against the Christians
The Literary Remains
edited and Translated with an Introduction and Epilogue
by R. Joseph Hoffmann
R. Joseph Hoffmann (Oxford. England) is the editor or co-editor of numerous books of religious criticism including The Gospel and the Church, What the Bible Really Says, Jesus in History and Myth , and Biblical v Secular Ethics . He has taught at the University of Michigan, Duke University, and is now on the faculty of Oxford University. 181 pages Publication date 30th March,1995 ISBN 0-87975-889-9 Return to Biblical Criticism List

3. Porphyry
Collected fragments of this lost work by porphyry, as well as links to other resources. Drawn from Category Society Philosophy Philosophers porphyry Works......porphyry. Philosopher (232/3c. 305 CE). Local Resources. porphyryConcerning Cult Images. Provides an allegorical interpretation
Philosopher (232/3- c . 305 C.E.)
Local Resources
  • Porphyry: Concerning Cult Images Provides an allegorical interpretation of the symbolism and names of the Greek divinities.
Recommended Reading

4. Porphyry
Listing of articles and links involving the Neoplatonic Greek philosopher who specialized in the symbolism of Greek gods. porphyry. Philosopher (232/3c. 305 C.E.)
Philosopher (232/3- c . 305 C.E.)
Local Resources
  • Porphyry: Concerning Cult Images Provides an allegorical interpretation of the symbolism and names of the Greek divinities.
Recommended Reading

5. Porphyry: ON IMAGES
Introduction. This collection of fragments is drawn from the lost work of theNeoplatonic philosopher porphyry On Images. The Work of porphyry entitled.
This collection of fragments is drawn from the lost work of the Neoplatonic philosopher Porphyry On Images . Essentially, the work is a theological and philosophical interpretation of the symbolism of the Greek gods and goddesses. Porphyry explains why the gods and goddesses were represented in certain ways, and how their names and symbolism are allegorical references to the powers of nature or cosmic principles.
Porphyry's work is a representative sample of the allegorical approach that was followed by many philosophers and writers in antiquity, including the Stoics, Plutarch, Philo of Alexandria, and the Neoplatonists. His use of etymologies to explain the nature of the gods is similar to that found in Plato's Cratylus and the Saturnalia of Macrobius. Similar works of allegorical interpretation include:
  • Macrobius. Saturnalia . Translated by Percival Vaughn Davies. New York: Columbia University Press, 1969.
  • Plutarch. On the Mysteries of Isis and Osiris . In his Moralia , volume 5, 7-191, Loeb Classical Library. Harvard: Harvard University Press, 1927-1969.
  • Sallustius.

6. Medieval Sourcebook: Porphyry: Against The Christians
Profiles the Neoplatonistic philosopher and mathematician who studied under Longinus and Plotinus. porphyry Malchus. Born 233 in Tyre (now Sur, Lebanon)
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Medieval Sourcebook:
Porphyry: Against the Christians
As Christianity spread, there was an increasingly intellectual reaction to it among the classically oriented intellectuals who sought to defend "reason". Here is Porphyry, a leading "Neoplatonist" attacking Christian unreason as reported by Eusebius. "Some persons, desiring to find a solution to the baseness of the Jewish Scriptures rather than abandon them, have had recourse to explanations inconsistent and incongruous with the words written, which explanations, instead of supplying a defense of the foreigners, contain rather approval and praise of themselves. For they boast that the plain words of Moses are "enigmas", and regard them as oracles full of hidden mysteries; and having bewildered the mental judgment by folly, they make their explanations." These things are said by Porphyry in the third book of his work against the Christians. from Eusebius: Church History , in Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, 2nd Series, ed. P. Schaff and H. Wace, (repr. Grand Rapids MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans, 1955), Vo1 I, pp. 265-266

7. Porphyry
A concise biography with references, and links to related thinkers.Category Society Philosophy Philosophers porphyry......porphyry Malchus. Born 233 in Tyre (now Sur, Lebanon) Died 309 in Rome. porphyry'sfather was called Malkhos or Malchus, which means 'king'.
Porphyry Malchus
Born: 233 in Tyre (now Sur, Lebanon)
Died: 309 in Rome
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Porphyry 's father was called Malkhos or Malchus, which means 'king'. Both Porphyry's parents were Syrian and he would only get the nickname Porphyry later in his life as we shall explain below. Porphyry was named after his father so for many years he was known as Malchus. As a young man Porphyry tried to gain as broad a knowledge as he possibly could by studying many languages and religions. At that time Athens was the main centre for learning, so it was natural that someone with a thirst for knowledge as Porphyry had should travel there to continue his studies. In Athens Porphyry became a student of Longinus who [8]:- ... was a 'living library and walking museum' and the academic's critical attention to detail, clarity of style and erudition left their permanent mark on the keen student. It was Longinus who gave Porphyry that nickname. In fact it was a clever pun since 'Porphyry' means 'purple' in Greek and he was given this name since he came from Tyre which was famous for the production of the royal purple dye and his name 'Malchus' meant 'king' = 'royal' = 'purple'. In about 263 Porphyry left Athens and went to Rome where he worked with Plotinus , the founder of Neoplatonism . Plotinus taught that there is an ultimate reality which is beyond the reach of thought or language. The object of life was to aim at this ultimate reality which could never be precisely described. Plotinus stressed that people did not have the mental capacity to fully understand both the ultimate reality itself or the consequences of its existence.

8. References For Porphyry
References for porphyry. Biography in Encyclopaedia Britannica. Books AHArmstrong (trs.), porphyry, Life of Plotinus (Cambridge, MA, 1966).
References for Porphyry
  • Biography in Encyclopaedia Britannica. Books:
  • A H Armstrong (trs.), Porphyry, Life of Plotinus (Cambridge, MA, 1966).
  • C Evangeliou, Aristotle's categories anf Porphyry (Leiden, 1988).
  • P Hadot, Porphyre et Victorinus (Paris, 1968).
  • T L Heath, A history of Greek mathematics I, II (Oxford, 1931).
  • A Smith, Porphyry's place in the Neoplatonic tradition (The Hague, 1974).
  • P V Spade (ed.), Porphyry the Phoenician, Boethius, Abelard, Peter, Duns Scotus, John, William of Ockham : Five texts on the mediaeval problem of universals : Porphyry, Boethius, Abelard, Duns Scotus, Ockham (Indianapolis, IN, 1994). Articles:
  • E Craig (ed.), Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy (London-New York, 1998), 545-550.
  • M J Edwards, Porphyry and the intelligible triad, J. Hellenic Studies Main index Birthplace Maps Biographies Index
    History Topics
    ... Anniversaries for the year
    JOC/EFR April 1999 School of Mathematics and Statistics
    University of St Andrews, Scotland
    The URL of this page is:
  • 9. Porphyry
    A brief introduction to his life and ideas.Category Society Philosophy Philosophers porphyry......porphyry. as well. Emanation and Triads. porphyry Links, Porphyrios short synopsis in HyperHistory on-line. porphyry - listing in
    Porphyry (c.232-c.305) or Porphyrios was born in Palestine, studied in Athens, and joined the Neo-Platonic group of Plotinus in Rome. Although not an original thinker in the league of Plotinus or Iamblichus, Porphyry nevertheless was possessed of great learning, an interest in and great talent for historical and philological criticism, and an ernest desire to uproot false teachings in order to ennoble people and turn them to the Good. He declared the salvation of the soul as the ultimate purpose of philosophy. Among his many philosophical works
    • Against the Christians, directed not against Christ or his teachings, but against the Christians of his own day and their sacred books, which, he argued, were the work of ignorant people and deceivers. Although as to be expected banned and destroyed, copious extracts remain in the writings of Augustine and others Aids to the Study of the Intelligibles , a basic summary of Neoplatonism. Introduction to Categories is a commentary on Aristotle's Categories , describing how qualities attributed to things may be classified.

    Lecture notes on this topic, by RJ Kilcullen.Category Society Philosophy Philosophers Boethius......Macquarie University PHIL252 Medieval Philosophy. TAPE 2 BOETHIUSON porphyry. Copyright © 1996 RJ Kilcullen. porphyry'S ISAGOGE.
    Macquarie University
    PHIL252 Medieval Philosophy
    R.J. Kilcullen Before listening to this tape you should read V.E. Watt's introduction to his Penguin translation of The Consolation of Philosophy . In this lecture I will talk about Boethius' other writings, and then I will comment on an extract from his commentary on Porphyry. To follow this lecture you will need either the Readings book, or Richard McKeon (ed.), Selections from Medieval Philosophers (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons). From the introduction by Watts you will have gathered that Boethius was both a philosopher and a politician. This combination of roles was recommended by Plato and exemplified (imperfectly) in Roman history by Cicero. Cicero also preceded Boethius as a translator of Greek philosophy into Latin. E.K. Rand in his chapter on Boethius in his Founders of the Middle Ages quotes from Boethius' preface to his commentary on Aristotle's Categories , written in the year Boethius was consul. He says: Although the cares of my consular office prevent me from devoting my entire attention to these studies, yet it seems to me a sort of public service to instruct my fellow citizens in the products of reasoned investigation... I am glad to assume the... task of educating our present society in the spirit of Greek philosophy... this is truly a part of my consular duty...

    11. The Internet Classics Archive | On Images By Porphyry
    A translation by Edwin Hamilton Gifford of these collected fragments.Category Society Philosophy Philosophers porphyry Works......On Images By porphyry Commentary A few comments have been posted aboutOn Images. Read them or add your own. Reader Recommendations


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    On Images
    By Porphyry Commentary: A few comments have been posted about On Images Read them or add your own
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    Download: A 22k text-only version is available for download
    On Images By Porphyry Translated by Edwin Hamilton Gifford Fragment 1 I speak to those who lawfully may hear: Depart all ye profane, and close the doors. The thoughts of a wise theology, wherein men indicated God and God's powers by images akin to sense, and sketched invisible things in visible forms, I will show to those who have learned to read from the statues as from books the things there written concerning the gods. Nor is it any wonder that the utterly unlearned regard the statues as wood and stone, just as also those who do not understand the written letters look upon the monuments as mere stones, and on the tablets as bits of wood, and on books as woven papyrus. Fragment 2 As the deity is of the nature of light, and dwells in an atmosphere

    12. Porphyry's People - A Christchurch, New Zealand, Group Promoting Veganism And Th
    Content includes links to recent original research supporting the vegan lifestyle and plantbased diets.Category Society Lifestyle Choices Veganism......The web page of porphyry's People, a vegan group based in Christchurch, New Zealand,promoting veganism to further ethical, health and ecological goals.
    A vegan group based in Christchurch, New Zealand, promoting veganism to further ethical, health and ecological goals.
    Editor: John Livesey PhD My way of joking is to tell the truth. It is the funniest joke in the world.
    George Bernard Shaw Vegan Monthly Healthy Eating Pyramid Nuts Soy ... Vegan Monthly
    Regularly updated links to recent original medical, scientific and philosophical advances in knowledge that support the vegan lifestyle or encourage a reduction in the use of animal products.
    The Healthy Eating Pyramid

    A Healthy Eating Pyramid based on recent research in nutritional epidemiology illustrates how closely scientific nutrition is approaching veganism.

    One of the most unexpected nutritional discoveries of the 1990s was that the frequent eating of nuts dramatically improves health.

    The soy controversy: the hopes probably outweigh the fears.

    Veganism: a weapon to fight the obesity epidemic? Porphyry His life and work. New Zealand Vegetarian Society (Christchurch Centre) Next Monthly Meeting, forthcoming activities and contact details. s="na";c="na";j="na";f=""+escape(document.referrer)

    13. Porphyry.
    A short biographical study, with an emphasis on porphyry's legacy to the vegan movement.Category Society Philosophy Philosophers porphyry......THE LIFE AND WORK OF porphyry. Adrienne Thomas. porphyry of Tyre was a philosopherwho lived almost 2,000 years ago. According to Gillian Clark's book porphyry.
    THE LIFE AND WORK OF PORPHYRY Adrienne Thomas P orphyry of Tyre was a philosopher who lived almost 2,000 years ago. According to Gillian Clark's book Porphyry. On Abstinence from Killing Animals , Porphyry came form Tyre in Phoenicia, and was named Malkos, 'king', after his father. However, he related to the world as a Greek and did not write in any other language. His nickname 'Porphyry' comes from the purple associated with kings and the purple dye which came from his home, Tyre. Before going to Rome, he was a student of Longinus, in Athens. In around 263 CE, at around age thirty, he joined a group of philosophers who studied with Plotinus in Rome. Plotinus came from somewhere in Egypt and lived a frugal life. He was celibate and vegetarian and took little in the way of food, drink and sleep. Nevertheless Plotinus took seriously his responsibilities as a citizen, acting as an arbitrator in legal disputes and ensuring that the children who had come under his guardianship were well supported both financially and educationally. It is likely that there were others who also followed a vegetarian lifestyle and indeed Porphyry's On Abstinence from Killing Animals , was a treatise written in the form of an open letter to his friend Castricius in an attempt to persuade him to return to a vegetarian diet which he had abandoned.

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    15. Medieval Sourcebook: Mark The Deacon: Life Of Porphyry Of Gaza
    Mark the Deacon was associated with St. Porphyrius from 397 onwards. Long account of the saint's life Category Society Religion and Spirituality......Medieval Sourcebook Mark the Deacon Life of porphyry, Bishop of Gaza.TRANSLATED 26. THE LIFE OF SAINT porphyry, BISHOP OF GAZA. 1.
    Back to Medieval Source Book ORB Main Page Links to Other Medieval Sites
    Medieval Sourcebook:
    Mark the Deacon:
    Life of Porphyry, Bishop of Gaza
    BY G. F. HILL
    Medieval Hagiography: A Sourcebook , ed. Thomas Head, (New York: Garland, forthcoming 1998) , and should be consulted by students. Scholars should be sure to consult Marc le Diacre, Vie de Porphyre , ed. and French. trans. by Henri Gregoire and M.A. Kugener, (Paris: Belles lettres, 1930) for a discussion of the serious textual problems.]

    PREFACE THE present translation of the Life of Saint Porphyry is based on the Greek text published in the Teubner series by the members of the Bonn Philological Society in 1895. My thanks are due to Messrs. Teubner for their courtesy in allowing me to make use of this text, the pages of which are indicated by figures preceded by the letter T T weight of gold of the various sums of money mentioned in the text; to attempt to estimate their purchasing power would be futile. For the translation, at the risk of recalling the atmosphere of Wardour Street, a more or less Biblical English has been employed. Such a style seemed naturally to impose itself, in spite of certain inevitable incongruities. The references to the Bible under the text are given first to the English Authorized Version, and then, in brackets, to the Septuagint, where the latter requires a different citation. In the rendering of such quotations I have not followed any English version consistently, so that probably no reader is likely to be satisfied.

    16. H.V. Warren School Of Prospecting, Porphyry Copper Deposits; BC & Yukon Chamber
    From British Columbia and Yukon Chamber of Mines. Discusses the characteristics of this type of deposit, Category Science Earth Sciences Metallic Deposits......HV Warren School of Prospecting. porphyry COPPER DEPOSITS. The generalizedgeological characteristics of porphyry copper deposits are as follows
    Prospecting course
    Field School

    Placer course

    Exploration Primer




    W.J. McMillan and Andre Panteleyev Geological Survey Branch, BC Ministry of Energy and Mines Introduction Originally, the term porphyry copper was applied to mineral deposits with widely dispersed copper mineralization in acid porphyritic rocks. Now the term combines engineering considerations with geologic features and refers to large, relatively low-grade, epigenetic, intrusionr elated copper deposits that can be mined using mass mining techniques. The generalized geological characteristics of porphyry copper deposits are as follows:
    • they are spatially and genetically related to igneous intrusions; the intrusions are generally felsic but range widely in composition;

    17. H.V. Warren School Of Prospecting, Porphyry Copper Deposits 2; BC & Yukon Chambe
    HV Warren School of Prospecting. porphyry COPPER DEPOSITS 2. The deposits originallyform one to four km below the surface. porphyry COPPER CLASSIFICATION.
    Prospecting course
    Field School

    Placer course

    Exploration Primer

    H.V. Warren School of Prospecting PORPHYRY COPPER DEPOSITS 2
    The major products from porphyry copper deposits are copper and molybdenum or copper and gold. The term porphyry copper now includes engineering as well as geological considerations; It refers to large, relatively low grade, epigenetic, intrusion-related deposits that can be mined using mass mining techniques. Geologically, the deposits occur close to or in granitic intrusive rocks that are porphyritic in texture. There are usually several episodes of intrusive activity, so expect swarms of dykes and intrusive breccias. The country rocks can be any kind of rock, and often there are wide zones of closely fractured and altered rock surrounding the intrusions. As is described following, this country rock alteration is distinctive and changes as you approach mineralization. Where sulphide mineralization occurs, surface weathering often produces rusty-stained bleached zones from which the metals have been leached; if conditions are right, these may redeposit near the water table to form an enriched zone of secondary mineralization. DISTRIBUTION AND AGE Porphyry copper provinces seem to coincide, worldwide, with orogenic belts. This remarkable association is clearest in Circum-Pacific Mesozoic to Cenozoic deposits but is also apparent in North American, Australian and Soviet Paleozoic deposits within the orogenic belts. Porphyry deposits occur in two main settings within the orogenic belts; in island arcs and at continental margins. Deposits of Cenozoic and, to a lesser extent, Mesozoic age predominate. Those of Paleozoic age are uncommon and only a few Precambrian deposits with characteristics similar to porphyry coppers have been described (Kirkham, 1972; Gaal and Isohanni, 1979). Deformation and metamorphism of the older deposits commonly obscured primary features, hence they are difficult to recognize (Griffis, 1979).

    18. Welcom To Porphyry USA, Inc. Home Page
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    19. The Ecole Glossary
    Short introduction to his life and works, from the Ecole Glossary.Category Society Philosophy Philosophers porphyry......The Ecole Glossary. porphyry. porphyry (234305 CE) was a major contributorto the spread of Neoplatonism, particularly within the Roman Empire.
    The Ecole Glossary
    Porphyry Porphyry ( CE) was a major contributor to the spread of Neoplatonism, particularly within the Roman Empire. In , he moved to Rome and became a close friend and follower of Plotinus . He is best known for organizing and editing the lectures and writings of Plotinus, producing the collection of texts we know as The Enneads DOC ], and for writing The Life of Plotinus , a work that provides many clues to interpretting Plotinus' thought. In addition, Porphyry also made his own philosophical contributions: 1) he developed the idea that the One exists prior to and independently of Being or Intellect and 2) established the identity of Intellect and Thought with its objects. Porphyry argued that everything that did not seem to be the One was in fact an appearance of the One resulting from our inability to think the One as it truly is. Porphyry wrote many philosophical works, including Against The Christians , a critical work attacking Christianity, Introduction to the Categories , a valued commentary on Aristotle's Categories , and Aids to the Study of the Intelligibles , a basic summary of Neoplatonism.

    20. Neo-Platonism [Internet Encyclopedia Of Philosophy]
    The revival of Greek philosophy in 3rd century BCE, led by Plotinus and his disciple, porphyry. Influence Category Society Philosophy Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy...... Back to Table of Contents. Part II. porphyry and Iamblichus. porphyry of Tyre(ca. Iamblichus of Apamea (d. ca. 330 CE) was a student of porphyry.
      Neo-Platonism is a modern term used to designate the period of Platonic philosophy beginning with the work of Plotinus and ending with the closing of the Platonic Academy by the Emperor Justinian in 529 CE. This brand of Platonism, which is often described as 'mystical' or religious in nature, developed outside the mainstream of Academic Platonism. The origins of Neo-Platonism can be traced back to the era of Hellenistic syncretism which spawned such movements and schools of thought as Gnosticism and the Hermetic tradition. A major factor in this syncretism, and one which had an immense influence on the development of Platonic thought, was the introduction of the Jewish Scriptures into Greek intellectual circles via the translation known as the Septuagint . The encounter between the creation narrative of Genesis and the cosmology of Plato's Timaeus set in motion a long tradition of cosmological theorizing that finally culminated in the grand schema of Plotinus' Enneads . Plotinus' two major successors, Porphyry and Iamblichus, each developed, in their own way, certain isolated aspects of Plotinus' thought, but neither of them developed a rigorous philosophy to match that of their master. It was Proclus who, shortly before the closing of the Academy, bequeathed a systematic Platonic philosophy upon the world that in certain ways approached the sophistication of Plotinus. Finally, in the work of the so-called Pseudo-Dionysius, we find a grand synthesis of Platonic philosophy and Christian theology that was to exercise an immense influence on mediaeval mysticism and Renaissance Humanism.

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